The sacred union of heaven and earth, 
the dynamic rotation of the 
summer-winter cycle
2nd aett, 4th rune
Signifies the life cycle or cycle of the sun
Cycles, right action, completion, fertility, 
natural law, continuation
Emerald, malachite, aventurine, 
green tourmaline
December 13 - December 28
11:30 p.m. - 12:30 a.m.
The Germanic name: Gaar (Jera)
 The Norse name: Ar
 The Anglo-Saxon name: Ger (Jara)
 The Icelandic name: Ar
 The Norwegian name: Jara, Ar
The word Jera means "year" and refers to 
the cycles of existence. Jera cannot act 
against the natural order of things. The 
Old Norse name ar relates to the word ari, 
meaning "eagle," symbolizing the swift flight 
of the archtypal sun. Numerically, it is 
the twelfth rune and a powerful number 
with respect to time, in that there are 
twelve months in a year and twice twelve 
hours in a day.
 Jera embodies the completion of a cycle, 
and represents the dynamic rotation and 
changes in a cycle. This is displayed in 
the eternal contrast of opposites that 
make up the whole. It is used in magic 
for a good harvest, because of its 
association with fertility.
Frey-Originally one of the Vanir nature 
gods, Frey controlled the weather (sunshine 
and rain), and was associated with the winter 
solstice. He ruled Alfheim, the land of the 
elves. His horse, called Blodug-hofi, could race 
through water and fire. Gullinbursti, his 
golden-bristled boar, given to Frey by the 
dwarfs, pulled his chariot and ship. Skinbladnir, 
Frey's magical ship, would travel on land, sea, 
or in the air. Though it was large enough to hold 
all the gods and goddesses, Frey's ship folded up 
and fit into his pocket when not in use. His 
sword, when unsheathed, swung itself if a wise man 
wielded it and fought opponents on its own power. 
Frey's wife was the beautiful giantess Gerd. After 
seeing her from Odin's throne, Frey lent Skirnir 
his sword and horse. Only after Skirnir threatened 
Gerd did she agree to go with him. Frey was killed 
by the fire giant Surt at Ragnarok.
Eagle, boar, horse, hound, bear, squirrel, 
grasshopper, chipmunk, cow, deer, duck, hare, 
ladybug, peacock, swallow
The Sun
The Emperor
In the poem The Voluspa, Gullveig is "Thrice 
burned, thrice reborn, often laid low, she 
lives yet." The three previous runes related 
to the Norns, who in their roles of past, 
future, and present represented aspects of 
time. The fourth rune of the second aett, 
Jera, represents time as a whole.
 This rune is associated with cosmic 
fertility and Vanir god Frey. He was 
called Argud in Icelandic, which means 
"year god." This related to his role as 
god of sunshine. He wooed Gerd, daughter 
of the frost giant Gymir, and when the 
two of them consummated their relationship 
in the forest of Barri, they brought the 
barren forest to life with the merging of 
the ice-covered earth and the fire of the 
sun. Symbolically, this story depicted the 
world emerging from the ice of the third 
rune Isa, into the fire of Jera, much as 
the seasons move from winter to spring 
every year.
Understands the circular flow of Oneness
 Works with natural patterns, such as seasonal cycles
 Increases ceativity and fertility
 Increases harmony
 Learns how polarities work together to make the whole
 The power of manifestation
Jera, jera, jera,
 J j j e e e r r r a a a 
 J j j j j j j j j
 Ju ja ji je jo
 Jur jar jir jer jor
 J j j e e e r r r a a a 
Jera embodies dynamic form, representing 
the change toward completion. One of the 
two "central runes" in the scheme of the 
Elder Futhark, Jera affirms the cyclical 
nature of this world, including the 
twelvefold cycle of the sun. It deals 
with the sun's yearly path, as Raidho 
deals with the sun's daily path and 
guiding force. Sowilo, the eighth rune 
of this aett, is the archtypal sun.
 Because of its relation to the annual 
cycle, Jera symbolizes natural law and 
the fruitfulness of effort. If the magical 
pattern is set up in accordance with 
natural laws, and the energy is with you, 
your harvest will be abundant. A plentiful 
harvest can happen only if the right things 
have been done at the right times.
 The Rune of Hope and Expectation relates 
especially to expectations of success and 
contentment. Enjoy the realization of earlier 
sacrifices and labors, along with the 
flourishing of your planted seeds.
 In this contemporary time or state-of-the-art 
technologies that suit the environment to Man's 
needs, even to his wishes, forgotten has been 
people's close connectedness with the annual 
cycle, which is especially notable in northern 
climatic regions. Change of season has never 
understood in itself just change of weather 
conditions, rather also determining daily 
activities, even nutrition habits and choice 
of food. Change of seasons used to be the 
foundations of life of ancient plowmen in the 
North, who never fought the Nature but rather 
lived in full harmony with it.
 With all Indo-European peoples traditional 
calendars understood in themselves differentiation 
between two (main) seasons: Winter, and Summer. 
Year was calculated as starting with the beginning 
of Spring, while the peak of a yearly cycle were 
rites and festivities connected with the period of 
harvest, falling in the time of the summer solstice, 
when the Sun is in its topmost point, after which 
its power starts declining. Successful harvest meant 
material security during the yearly cycle that came 
next, and it is exactly because of this that Jera unites 
the harvest and the year in its meaning.
 In the rune sequence Jera follows Isa the way the summer 
exchanges the winter. With a turn of the Wheel the icy 
stagnation gets broken, and the period of prosperity 
and fertility is brought about. In essence, with this 
leap from Isa to Jera disconnected gets the sequence 
of the "negative" runes this aett started with. The 
change is no consequence of any struggle against the 
ice or unjust fate, but rather the consequence of 
experience and patient waiting for unavoidable change. 
In this manner Jera is the link connecting the life 
extremes. This rune says that storms come and go, with 
the Sun, however, being always here, and the life 
being good - generally viewed.
 When used in divination it signifies: change, 
cycle renewal/repetition, motion, movement, 
productivity, unavoidable development, just 
For use in magik: for bringing change about; 
for fertility and growth.
Jera has no specific upright and inverse positions. 
Jera is the symbol of connecting incomplete end points, 
paying old debts.
 The rune announces that the person asking the question 
will, within a year after the day/date of spread interpreting, 
harvest recognitions and rewards, as the result of previous 
engagement and efforts invested over a rather long period 
of time. The rune is a good omen in sense of business proposals 
or official presentations. If the question is asked to the 
Runic Wheel, the rune's exact-meaning depends on the house 
it occupies at the moment.
 Jera often appears in connection with persons who are 
connected with law in some way. The person asking the 
question can possibly be a police officer, lawyer, judge, 
or perhaps active in some other line basing on enforcement 
and practising of law.

Fehu Uruz Thurisaz Ansuz Raidho Kenaz
Gebo Wunjo Hagalaz Naudhiz Isa Jera
Eihwaz Perdhro Algiz Sowilo Tiwaz Berkana
Ehwaz Mannaz Laguz Ingwaz Othala Dagaz

Rune Interpretations


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