El Khidr in the Popular Religion of
"In Turkey, Khidr...has been identified with various figures of
the Old Testament, notably with Elias of whom he is considered a
reincarnation, and with the Orthodox St. George, whose day, together
with the associations of Lydda, he has taken over; the
characteristics he has borrowed from St. George include the
reputation of a dragon-slayer, which St. George himself may have
borrowed from a pagan predecessor."
Crimes Against Humanity and Civilization: The
Genocide of the Armenians
Facing History and Ourselves is proud to
announce the publication of its newest resource
book Crimes Against Humanity and
Civilization: The Genocide of the Armenians.
In advance of its release, scholars of the
Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust, and Human
Rights as well as middle and high school
educators have enthusiastically received the
book. Crimes Against Humanity and
Civilization: The Genocide of the Armenians
combines the latest scholarship on the Armenian
Genocide with Facing History and Ourselves
interdisciplinary approach to history - enabling
students and teachers to make the essential
connections between history and their own lives.
Mistrust had long existed between the Turks and Armenians and
this turned to open hostility in the late 19th century when
Armenians in the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire started
to impress upon the people the idea of Armenian self-government,
under the encouragement of Russia. Soon political groups and two
parties formed. The first party, developed in 1887, was called
Henchak, meaning "The Bell". The second, called Dashnaktzutiun,
meaning "Union", was established in 1890. During this time,
Sultan Abdul Hamid II, the leader of the Ottoman empire, was
promoting animosity towards the Armenians who were already being
heavily discriminated against.
WE SIDE WITH ARMENIANS
PSD`s Attitude to
the Armenian Question
In its statement on April 24,
Dersimi/Freedom Party of Dersim (PSD) takes a
clear stand on Armenian question.
PSD condemns the Armenian genocide and demands
the acknowledgement of it.
In addition to this, the following demand is
also underlined in the statement:
"Armenians wishing to return to their historic
motherland must be given the right to do so,
with all their democratic rights secured".
This is a position opposed to that of
nationalists groups or parties of all kind.
We will stay in solidarity with Armenians and
keep calling others to do the same.
Genocide was carried out by the "Young Turk"
government of the Ottoman Empire in 1915-1916
(with subsidiaries to 1923). One and a half
million Armenians were killed, out of a total of
two million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire.
Most Armenians in America are children or
grandchildren of the survivors, although there
are still many survivors amongst us.
Armenians all over the world commemorate this
great tragedy on April 24, because it was on
that day in 1915 when 600 Armenian leaders,
writers, thinkers and professionals in
Constantinople were rounded up, deported and
killed. Also on that day in Constantinople,
5,000 of the poorest Armenians were butchered in
the streets and in their homes.
TURKEY IS GUILTY OF THE GENOCIDE COMMITED
IN DERSIM IN 1938
Auteur - yazari: SEYFI CENGIZ Tarih, gün ve saat : 30. Nisan
In order to create a Turkish nation from above, Turkish
nationalists waged a bloody campaign against non-Turkish and
non-Muslim elements of the empire.
The First World War served as an excuse for the Young Turks, the
then Turkish gouvernement, to exterminate Armenians. It was a
deliberate and sustain war, in the course of which hundreds of
thousands Armenians, Syrians and Greeks had been ruthlessly
killed or forced into exile.
The collapse of the Ottomans had left a power vacuum, filled by
another section of the Turkish nationalists, called Kemalists at
a later time.
In 1937-38, i.e., at a time when world attention was focused on
the Second World War, the Turkish nationalists commited another
genocide. This time the victims were Dersimis, who are also
known as Kızılbash or Alevis. Approximately 40.000-70.000 of
them were killed and thousands were taken into exile. The Dersim
Genocide of 1937-1938 was on one hand a continuation of the
Kızılbash extermination of the Ottoman times and also an
extermination of an ethnically distinct and separate people from
What happened back then has been handed down to the later
generations by their parents and grand-parents, who witnessed
the onslaught, and of whom some are still alive.
Furthermore the sites of the mass graves all over Dersim are
well known and can easily be located if and when need be. The
ruins of the country`s cultural heritage including churches
belonged to the nations`s Christian section are still visible.
People wish to see the justice served. A search for justice has
already began. A legal action against Turkey will at long last
be taken at some time in the future.
We, the signatures below, demand justice and support the
initiatives aiming to bring Turkey to justice.
historical name for Dersim is that of Zazana, mentioned in B.C. 521
in the ol Persion inscription of Behistun. It
has menaged to survive over the course of the centuries under
diferent forms such as Zavzan, Gozan/Guzana, Zozan, Zauzan, Zawazan
(Andzevatsik in Armenian
sources) and Sason. 13-1-2005 ...( Seyfi Cengiz) More...
THE TURKISH ARMY OFFICER AND
GOVERNER ARE NOT ABOVE THE LAW