John Leach's Encyclopedia of Postal Authorities :

Corrientes - Czech Republic

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Dates:		1856 - 1878
Currency:	100 centavos = 1 peso fuerte

Album:		Argentine Territories


Large island in the western Mediterranean, north of Sardinia.  First civilisation was established by Ionians
from Phocaea about -560.  Invaded by various peoples until annexed by Genoa in the 14th century.
Due to constant rebellions, Genoa sold the island to France in 1768.  The following year, Napoleon Bonaparte
was born in Ajaccio and it was under his rule that Corsica finally accepted French nationality.
Corsica is now a French departement.  It has used stamps of France only.

Capital:		Ajaccio

Refer:		France


Refer:		Kos

* Costa Rica

Dates:		1863 -
Capital:		San Jose
Currency:	(1863) 8 reales = 1 peso
		(1881) 100 centavos = 1 peso
		(1901) 100 centavos = 1 colon

See also:		Guanacaste

Council of Europe (Strasbourg)

Dates:		1950 -
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc

Album:		International Organisations

* CPR Regional Issues

Includes:		Central China (People's Post);
		East China (People's Post);
		North China (People's Post);
		North East China (People's Post);
		North West China (People's Post);
		Port Arthur & Dairen;
		South China (People's Post);
		South West China (People's Post)

See also:		Chinese People's Republic

Cretan Revolutionary Assembly

Stamps were issued by a rebel group led by Venizelos and based at Theriso, south of Khania.  The rebels
demanded union with Greece.  The revolt began in March and collapsed in Nov 1905.

Dates:		1905 only
Capital:		Theriso
Currency: 	100 lepta = 1 drachma (Greek)

Album:		Crete

* Crete

Crete was under Venetian rule to 1669 when it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks.  A long civil war developed
after 1840 which was only ended by a multi-power occupation (Britain, France, Italy and Russia) in 1898.
The island was declared an autonomous republic in 1899 and was united with Greece by the Treaty of London

Cretan stamps were overprinted HELLAS in 1908-09 during a premature attempt by the local parliament to
declare union with Greece.  Greek stamps were imported in 1912 and were already in common use when union
was finally confirmed.

Dates:		1900 - 1913
Capital: 		Kandia (now Herakleion)
Currency: 	100 lepta = 1 drachma

Includes:		Cretan Revolutionary Assembly

* Crete (Austro-Hungarian Post Offices)

Overprinted Austrian stamps were in use at offices in Kandia, Khania and Rethymnon.  These offices
all closed on 15 December 1914.

Dates:		1903 - 1914
Currency: 	100 centimes = 1 franc

See also: 	Austro-Hungarian Post Offices in the Turkish Empire

Crete (British Post Offices)

Stamps inscribed in Greek were used in the British sphere of administration (Kandia) during the multi-power
occupation.  Mail was forwarded via the Austrian office at Khania and surviving envelopes bear the stamps
of both the British and Austrian agencies.  It is therefore uncertain if the British stamps had international
validity.  Furthermore, there is no acknowledged translation of the inscription on the British stamps.  There
is a face value and the other words refer in part to postage and to Heraklion, the chief town of Kandia.

Dates:		1898 - 1899
Currency: 	40 paras = 1 piastre (Turkish)

Album:		British Post Offices Abroad

Crete (Foreign Post Offices)

Refer:		Crete (Austro-Hungarian Post Offices);
		Crete (British Post Offices);
		Crete (French Post Offices);
		Crete (Italian Post Offices);
		Crete (Russian Post Offices)

* Crete (French Post Offices)

France was one of the multi-power occupiers which ended the Cretan civil war in 1898-99.  They established
postal services in offices at Kandia, Khania, Hierapetra, Rethymnon and Sitea.  Standard French types were
issued with an inscription of CRETE.  All offices were closed in 1913.

Dates:		1902 - 1913
Currency:	(1902) 100 centimes = 1 franc
		(1903) 40 paras = 1 piastre

Crete (Italian Post Offices)

Refer:		Khania (Italian Post Office)

Crete (Russian Post Offices)

Russia was one of the powers which occupied Crete in 1898.  It had a post office at Rethymnon within its
own sphere of administration.  The service operated for a short time only: from 13 May 1899 to 29 July 1899.
Four types were issued, overprinted or inscribed RETHYMNO, and a total of 37 stamps.

Dates:		1899 only
Currency:	4 metallik = 1 grosion

Album:		Russian Post Offices Abroad


Regional government issues.

Dates:		1918 - 1919
Capital:		Simferopol
Currency: 	100 kopecks = 1 rouble

Album:		Russian Civil War Issues

* Croatia

Following the collapse of communism, Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia on 30 May 1991.
Serb inhabitants revolted with the backing of the Yugoslav army and fought a bitter civil war against
the Croatian forces.  In January 1992, a ceasefire became effective after the intervention of the UN
and the EEC.

At the time, Croatian Serbs controlled about 30% of the country, organised into the districts of Krajina,
Western Slavonia and Eastern Slavonia.  These were recognised by the UN as peacekeeping zones and the
Yugoslav army withdrew.

In 1993, Serbs in all three areas proclaimed themselves united as the Republic of Srpska Krajina.
Elections for a president and parliament were held in January 1994.

In 1995, the Republic of Croatia began to recover the Serb territories.  The army occupied Western Slavonia
in May and Krajina in August.  Both areas were reincorporated into the republic.  Eastern Slavonia
was placed under UN administration in November and called Sremsko Baranjska Oblast (Srem and Baranya
Region).  The administration lasted two years before Eastern Slavonia as a whole was reincorporated
back into the Republic of Croatia on 15 January 1998.

The Republic of Croatia began stamp issues after independence with the inscription REPUBLIKA HRVATSKA.

Dates:		1991 -
Capital:		Zagreb
Currency: 	(1991) 100 paras = 1 dinar
		(1994) 100 lipa = 1 kuna

Includes:		Croatia (Provincial Issues);
		Croatia (Semi-Autonomous State);
		Croatia (Yugoslav Regional Issue);
		Sremsko Baranjska Oblast (Croatia);
		Srpska Krajina (Croatia)

See also:		Yugoslavia

Croatia (Provincial Issues)

Provincial issues were in use during 1918-21 prior to Croatia joining the Kingdom of Serbs Croats & Slovenes,
which became Yugoslavia in 1929.

Dates:		1918 - 1921
Currency: 	(1918) 100 filler = 1 korona
		(1919) 100 heller = 1 krona

Album:		Croatia

Croatia (Semi-Autonomous State)

After the German conquest of Yugoslavia in 1941, Croatia was a semi-autonomous state with a puppet government
set up by the Nazis.  Croatia returned to Yugoslavia after WW2.

Dates:		1941 - 1945
Capital:		Zagreb
Currency: 	(April 1941) 100 paras = 1 dinar
		(Sept 1941) 100 banicas = 1 kuna

Album:		Croatia

Croatia (Yugoslav Regional Issue)

Croatia returned to Yugoslavia after WW2 but there was another regional issue in 1945 due to a shortage of
Yugoslavia stamps at the time.

Dates:		1945 only
Capital:		Zagreb
Currency: 	100 banicas = 1 kuna

Album:		Croatia

Croatian Posts (Bosnia)

When the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was proclaimed from Sarajevo in March 1992, a civil war situation
escalated with Bosnian Serbs attempting to seize control of the country.

An immediate effect of the conflict was that the country split into three entities: Republika Srpska
(Bosnian Serb Republic), based at Pale, which declared allegiance to Serb-dominated Yugoslavia; the
Moslem-dominated “central government” based in Sarajevo; and a Croat administration based at Mostar.

The Mostar regime issued stamps inscribed BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA for four years.  Some issues referred
to Croatia itself.

When the Dayton Agreement was finalised in November 1995, the Mostar regime amalgamated with the Sarajevo
government to form the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, while the Bosnian Serb Republic remained
separate.  Combined issues inscribed BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA have been issued since 1996.  In 1997, the currency
changed to 100 fennig = 1 mark.

Dates:		1992 - 1996
Capital:		Mostar
Currency: 	(1992) 100 paras = 1 dinar
		(1994) 100 lipa = 1 kuna

Album:		Bosnia & Herzegovina


Refer:		French Southern & Antarctic Territories

* Cuba

Cuba and Puerto Rico had joint issues 1855-72 when both were under Spanish colonial rule.  Cuba,
though still a colony, had its own stamps 1873-99.  In 1899, colonial rule was ended and the island was
under USA administration 1899-1902, but continued to issue its own stamps.  Cuba became independent
in 1902.

Dates:		1873 -
Capital:		Havana
Currency: 	(1873) 100 centimos = 1 peseta
		(1881) 100 centavos = 1 peso
		(1898) 100 cents = 1 dollar (USA)
		(1899) 100 centavos = 1 peso

See also:		Cuba & Puerto Rico

* Cuba & Puerto Rico

Joint issues when both islands were under Spanish colonial rule.

Dates:		1855 - 1872
Currency: 	(1855) 81/2 cuartos = 1 real
		(1866) 100 centimos = 1 peseta

See also:		Cuba;
		Puerto Rico


Dates:		1870 - 1904
Currency: 	100 centavos = 1 peso

Album:		Colombian Territories

* Curacao

Since 1948, stamps have been inscribed Netherlands Antilles.

Dates:		1873 - 1948
Capital:		Willemstad
Currency: 	100 cents = 1 gulden

See also:		Netherlands Antilles

* Cyprus

Dates:		1880 -
Capital:		Nicosia
Currency: 	(1880) 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound
		(1881) 40 paras = 1 piastre
		(1955) 1000 mils = 1 pound
		(1983) 100 cents = 1 pound
		(2008) 100 cents = 1 euro (€)

See also:		Turkish Cypriot Posts

* Cyrenaica

Became part of Libya in 1952.

Dates:		1923 - 1952
Capital: 		Benghazi
Currency: 	100 centesimi = 1 lira

Cyrenaica (British Occupation)

Refer:		Middle East Forces (MEF)


Refer:		Ionian Islands

* Czechoslovakia

The federation was dissolved on 31 December 1992 with the formation of two independent states: Czech
Republic and Slovakia.

Dates:		1918 - 1939; 1945 - 1992
Capital:		Prague
Currency: 	100 haleru = 1 koruna

See also:		Czech Republic;
		Siberia (Czechoslovak Army);

* Czech Republic

Czechoslovakia was dissolved on 31 Dec 1992 when the Czech Republic and Slovakia became separate
states.  Stamps were issued soon afterwards with the inscription CESKA REPUBLIKA.

Dates:		1993 -
Capital:		Prague
Currency: 	100 haleru = 1 koruna

See also:		Czechoslovakia;

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Date last modified: 03/21/2008 04:05:21
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