From:
John Leach's Encyclopedia of Postal Authorities :

Belgian Congo - Bremen

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* Belgian Congo

Became the Congo Republic and later Zaire.

Dates:		1909 - 1960
Capital:		Leopoldville
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc

See also:		Congo Free State


* Belgian Occupation Issues

Includes:		Eupen & Malmedy (Belgian Occupation);
		German East Africa (Belgian Occupation);
		Germany (Belgian Occupation)


* Belgium

Dates:		1849 -
Capital:		Brussels
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc
		(2002) 100 cents = 1 euro ()


Belgium (German Occupation)

Dates:		1914 - 1918
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc

Album:		German Occupation Issues (WW1)


* Belize

Dates:		1973 -
Capital: 		Belmopan
Currency:	100 cents = 1 dollar

See also:		British Honduras


Belorussia

Refer:		Belarus


Benadir

Dates:		1903 - 1905
Capital:		Mogadishu
Currency:	100 besa = 16 annas = 1 rupia

Album:		Italian Somaliland


Benghazi (Italian Post Office)

Italy annexed Libya in 1912 and the office then issued stamps of Libya.

Dates:		1901 - 1912
Currency:	40 paras = 1 piastre

Album:		Italian Post Offices in the Turkish Empire


* Benin

Formerly Dahomey.

Dates:		1976 -
Capital:		Porto Novo
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc

Includes:		Benin (French Colony)

See also:		Dahomey


Benin (French Colony)

The French colony of Benin issued overprinted French Colonies stamps 1892-99 and was then
incorporated in Dahomey.  In 1976, Dahomey was renamed Benin.

Dates:		1892 - 1899
Capital:		Porto Novo
Currency:	100 centimes = 1 franc

Album:		Benin


Bequia

Unauthorised issues only.  Bequia is one of the islands of the Grenadines of St Vincent.

Refer:		Grenadines of St Vincent


Bergedorf

Became part of Hamburg in 1867.

Dates:		1861 - 1867
Currency:	16 schillings = 1 mark

Album:		German States


Berlin-Brandenburg (Russian Zone)

Superceded by 1946 general issue for the American, British & Russian Zones.

Dates:		1945 only
Capital:		Berlin (Russian Zone)
Currency:	100 pfennige = 1 mark

Album:		Germany (Allied Occupation)


* Bermuda

Dates:		1865 -
Capital:		Hamilton
Currency: 	(1865) 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound
		(1970) 100 cents = 1 dollar


Bessarabia

Refer:		Moldova


Beyrouth

Refer:		Beirut (French Post Office);
		Beirut (Russian Post Office)


Bhopal

Dates:		1876 - 1949
Currency:	12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee

Album:		Indian Native States


Bhor

Dates:		1879 - 1901
Currency:	12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee

Album:		Indian Native States


* Bhutan

Dates:		1962 -
Capital:		Thimphu
Currency:	100 chetrum = 1 ngultrum (rupee)


Biafra

Nigerian civil war issues.

Dates:		1968 - 1969
Capital:		Port Harcourt
Currency:	12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound

Album:		Nigerian Territories


Bijawar

Dates:		1935 - 1937
Currency:	12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas = 1 rupee

Album:		Indian Native States


BMA

Refer:		Eritrea (British Military Administration);
		Malaya (British Military Administration);
		North Borneo (British Military Administration);
		Sarawak (British Military Administration);
		Somalia (British Military Administration);
		Tripolitania (British Military Administration)


* Bohemia & Moravia

Dates:		1939 - 1945
Capital:		Prague
Currency:	100 haleru = 1 koruna


Bohmen und Mahren

Refer:		Bohemia & Moravia


Boka Kotorska

Refer:		Dalmatia (German Occupation)


Bolivar

Dates:		1863 - 1904
Capital:		Monteria
Currency:	100 centavos = 1 peso

Album:		Colombian Territories


* Bolivia

Dates:		1867 -
Capital:		La Paz
Currency:	(1867) 100 centavos = 1 boliviano
		(1963) 100 centavos = 1 peso


Bophutatswana

One of the territories set up by the South African government as part of its apartheid policy.
Although the territory itself did not acquire international recognition, its stamps were
valid for postage.

Dates:		1977 -
Capital:		Mmambatho (aka Sun City)
Currency:	100 cents = 1 rand

Album:		South African Territories


Borneo

Refer:		Japanese Naval Control Area


* Bosnia & Herzegovina

Dates:		1993 -
Capital:		Sarajevo
Currency:	(1993) 100 paras = 1 dinar
		(1997) 100 fennig = 1 mark

Includes:		Bosnia & Herzegovina (Austro-Hungarian Empire);
		Bosnia & Herzegovina (Provincial Issues);
		Bosnia & Herzegovina (Yugoslav Regional Issues);
		Croatian Posts (Bosnia)

See also:		Bosnian Serb Republic;
		Croatia;
		Yugoslavia


Bosnia & Herzegovina (Austro-Hungarian Empire)

Under the terms of the Treaty of Berlin 1878, Austria was authorised to occupy Bosnia &
Herzegovina which had previously been in the Turkish (Ottoman) Empire.  In 1908, outright
annexation took place and the country became an integral part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

During 1912-18, all stamps were inscribed K-u-K MILITARPOST.

Dates:		1878 - 1918
Capital:		Sarajevo
Currency:	(1878-1899) 100 kreuzer = 1 gulden
		(1900-1918) 100 heller = 1 krone

Album:		Bosnia & Herzegovina


Bosnia & Herzegovina (Provincial Issues)

The 1918-21 issues were for provincial use only pending settlement of the political situation
after WW1.

Dates:		1918 - 1921
Capital:		Sarajevo
Currency:	100 heller = 1 krone

Album:		Bosnia & Herzegovina


Bosnia & Herzegovina (Yugoslav Regional Issues)

There was a regional issue in 1945 during shortages of Yugoslav stamps in the aftermath of WWII.

Dates:		1945 only
Capital:		Sarajevo
Currency:	100 banicas = 1 kuna

Album:		Bosnia & Herzegovina


* Bosnian Serb Republic

Following the collapse of communism in 1989, unrest between ethnic factions in Bosnia &
Herzegovina developed into open hostilities.  In particular, Serbian nationalists began forming
Serbian Autonomous Regions (SARs) and these were rejected by the government in Sarajevo.  The
situation escalated after the government declared independence from Yugoslavia in March 1992.
Despite world recognition of the new state, the Bosnian Serbs and the Yugoslav army attempted
to take control of the country and besieged Sarajevo.  Before long, a Bosnian Serb Republic
(Republika Srpska) was proclaimed at Pale.  It declared allegiance to Serb-dominated
Yugoslavia.

By the Dayton Agreement of November 1995, the country became one state with two autonomous
entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; and the Bosnian Serb Republic.

Stamps inscribed REPUBLIKA SRPSKA have been issued since 1992.

Dates:		1992 -
Capital:		Pale
Currency:	100 paras = 1 dinar

See also:		Bosnia & Herzegovina;
		Croatian Posts (Bosnia);
		Yugoslavia


* Botswana

Dates:		1966 -
Capital:		Gaberone
Currency:	(1966) 100 cents = 1 rand
		(1976) 100 thebe = 1 pula

See also:		Bechuanaland


Bouvet Island

Refer:		Norwegian Dependency


Boyaca

Dates:		1899 - 1903
Capital:		Tunja
Currency:	100 centavos = 1 peso

Album:		Colombian Territories


* Brazil

Dates:		1843 -
Capital:		Brasilia
Currency:	(1843) 1000 = 1 milreis
		(1942) 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro
		(1967) 100 old cruzeiros = 1 new cruzeiro


Bremen

Bremen joined the North German Confederation in 1867.

Dates:		1855 - 1867
Capital:		Bremen
Currency:	22 grote = 10 silbergroschen; 72 grote = 1 thaler

Album:		German States

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Date last modified: 03/21/2008 04:05:53
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