In the Cause of Architecture
The acronym, K Y M A K is explained in one place on another page on this website.


Nature and Democracy

Jefferson on Democracy


Model City

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The Laws of Orderly Development are perfectly fulfilled in the KYMAK concept for designing cities that will be compatible with American Democracy, our system of government of the people, by the people and for the people as provided by our Constitution of the United States of America, to wit:

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America, to wit:

The will of the people satisfied:

1. Form a more perfect union -

2. Establish justice -

3.Insure domesic tranquility -

4.Provide for the common defense -

5.Promote the general welfare -

6.Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity -

PUBLIC POLICY requires orderly development.  (The will of the People)


U.S. Law

Urban Policy
Section 4501
It is the policy of Congress to encourage the rational and orderly (see 13A-11-7) development of our cities, towns and rural areas ...

Section 4502
(b) Existing and future programs must be inter-related and coordinated within a system of orderly development...
(d) The Congress further declares that the national urban policy should - (6) Encourage planned communities. (8) increase coordination among Federal programs...
Community Development
Section 5301
(b) The Congress further finds and declares that the future welfare of the Nation and the well being of citizens depend on the establishment and maintenance of viable urban communities, and require (1) … new centers of population ...
(c) The primary objective is ... (5) ...a better arrangement of residential, commercial, industrial, ...and other needed activity centers.


Section 135
Statewide transportation planning
(a) General Requirements. -
(1) Development of plans and programs. - To accomplish the objectives stated in section 134(a), each State shall develop a statewide transportation plan and a statewide transportation improvement program for all areas of the State, subject to section 134.


State Law

State Development Office

41-9 (excerpts):
Section 200(a)
(1) Orderly development (2) comprehensive plans for development to guide local units of government. (3) Growth problems best solved by overall planning guide. (4) Local State Regional coordinated planning efforts and (5) Orderly and harmonious coordination of state and local plans and programs with those of the federal government, state and regional planning and programming requires direct leadership by the Governor.
(d) The Alabama Development Office is hereby authorized to make grants from appropriations to regional planning and development commissions which are certified to receive such grants by the Governor under the provisions of Sections 11-85-50 through 11-85-55.


Regional Planning and Development

Alabama Code: 11-85 (excerpts):
Section 3
Architects and Engineers (See 11-52-5)
Section 4
Master plan for economic development of entire region with due regard for neighboring regions and states for location of public works, open spaces and buildings and of forests, agriculture and conservation areas. Provide for future urban development and population distribution and diversity. Through coordinated, adjusted and harmonious development , promote order, convenience, efficiency and economy.
Section 5
After adoption of master plan, the governor, each municipality and the county commissioners are so advised.
Section 6
May be adopted by municipalities in accordance with State Code 11-52, Sect. 8, 9 and 10 and 40-1. Prepare plans for general pattern and intensity of land use; 2) coordinate related activities among governmental units; and 3) suggest ways to administer implementation. Also see 11-85-56 (50-55: SDECA Section 41-9-200 (a) (1),(2),(3),(5),(b) and Section 41-9-202 (d).


Municipal Planning & Zoning

Code: 11-52 (excerpts)
Section 5
Architects, City Planners, Engineers, and others to design:
Section 8
Master plan for Public Works, open space and buildings with zoning for private uses of buildings and land (e.g. industrial, commercial or residential). Note: Zoning and planning relates to Systematic and Orderly (cp. 13A-11-7): development of a community and to regulating the use of land in designated areas.
Section 9
Due regard for neighboring territory, the purpose is to guide and accomplish a coordinated (see: Alabama Code 34-2-30 (4)) adjusted and harmonious development of the environment ... promote order, convenience, efficiency and economy for traffic and in the distribution of population.
Section 10
After public notice the adopted master plan is filed with the county probate judge as a matter of public record.
Section 11
When adopted variances may be allowed only through certain proscribed procedures. Note: (11-52-5 applies to Chapter 85, also). See 11-85-2 et sec. Subdivisions: 11-52-30; Major street plan: 11-52-50; Zoning reg.: 11-52-70.


County planning commission

Alabama Code:Section 11-19-8
Section 11-19-10 Powers and duties of planning commission generally; special surveys or studies; right of entry upon lands for preparation of examinations and surveys. (a) It shall be the function and duty of the county planning commission to make and maintain comprehensive surveys and studies of existing conditions and probable future developments in the flood-prone area of the county and to prepare comprehensive plans for physical, social and economic growth as will best promote the public health, safety, morals, convenience, prosperity or the general welfare as well as efficiency and economy in the development of the flood-prone area of the county. The county planning commission shall have the authority to: (1) Promote public interest and understanding of the economic and social necessity for long-term, coordinated county planning. (2) Confer and cooperate with the federal, state, municipal and other county and regional authorities regarding matters pertaining to or affecting the planning or development of said county, or vice versa, for the purpose of assuring proper coordination of county development with that of other political subdivisions. (3) Prepare and recommend for adoption to the appropriate county commission or authorities a zoning ordinance and map for the flood-prone area of the county. (4) Prepare and recommend for adoption to the appropriate county commission or authorities regulations for the subdivision of land within the flood-prone areas of the county jurisdiction and administer the regulations that they may be adopted.


Missouri Code 64.010. ...the county commission is authorized and empowered to provide for the preparation, adoption, amendment, extension or carrying out of a county plan and to create by order a county planning commission...

Master plan of county

Missouri Code 64.040 : The county planning commission shall have power to make, adopt and may publish an official master plan of the county for the purpose of bringing about coordinated physical development in accordance with present and future needs. The master plan shall be developed so as to conserve the natural resources of the county, to insure efficient expenditure of public funds, and to promote the health, safety, convenience, prosperity and general welfare of the inhabitants. Such master plan may include, among other things, studies and recommendations relative to the location, character and extent of highways, railroads, bus, streetcar and other transportation routes, bridges, public buildings, schools, parks, parkways, forests, wildlife refuges, dams, and projects affecting conservation of natural resources. The county planning commission may adopt the master plan in whole or in part...

Subdivision of land

64.060: ...may provide for the proper location and width of streets, building lines, open spaces, minimum width and area of lots, street grading and paving, sewers, water and other utilities, which are necessary to avoid the congestion of population and to protect the public health, safety or the general welfare.

Municipal Planning

Missouri Code Section 89.350 Zoning and Planning

Plan, prepared how--purposes:
In the preparation of the city plan, the commission shall make careful and comprehensive surveys and studies of the existing conditions and probable future growth of the municipality. The plan shall be made with the general purpose of guiding and accomplishing a coordinated development of the municipality which will, in accordance with existing and future needs, best promote the general welfare, as well as efficiency and economy in the process of development.
(L. 1963 p. 146 6)


Nature and Democracy

Jefferson on Democracy

Model City

This (see drawing) is a subdivision of a comprehensive 1500 mile square (One "golden reed" equals 10.56 feet; one furlong equals 660 feet; one mile equals 5280 feet thru-out).

And thou, America!

And thou, America!
Thou too surroundest all
Embracing, carrying, welcoming all, Thou too, by pathways broad and new,
Approach the Ideal
The measur’d faiths of other lands—the grandeurs of the past,
Are not for Thee—but grandeurs of Thine own;
Deific faiths and amplitudes, absorbing, comprehending all, All in all to all.

Transcribed from Walt Whitman


Comprehensive Plan

Major development is in the outer 96 mile-wide zone between the 6000 mile perimeter (blue line on drawing - click on links below) and the orange line which is the main transportation route and industrial area.

Western States

Eastern States

Coordinates of any point may be computed using KYMAK parametric datum transformation formulas. Confirming iterations by US Dept. of Interior USGS c. 1988 by John Snyder. Accuracy of conversion is confirmed.




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This Earth Was Once A Garden Place


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Last updated 2/3/2015


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