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SITE DEVELOPMENT:Model City
The Model City is a local unit as a subdivision of a comprehensive 1500-mile square. It is composed of an 8 1/3 mile square * centered within a municipal unit approximately 12 miles square being four townships. It has an urban core 1.5 miles square surrounded by open space 440 feet wide. An agricultural zone * is extended on the western and eastern sides and residential zones are to the north and south. Thoroughfares run lengthwise (toward east and west) and boulevards connect crosswise (north-south) along residential zone lines.
(Revision 7/7/2011: The above and following description is for the area toward the Southern and Northern sides of the comprehensive 1500-mile Square - opposite directions apply within and beyond the Eastern or Western sides; so that Freeways go parallel while Parkways go perpendicular to the sides - branching from the diagonal of the square. Orientation of the City and Municipal unit does not change.)
The remainder of the 12 mile unit (about 2 miles wide each side) toward the west and east is designated for public lands *. Portions along northern and southern boundaries follow the "Broadacre City" pattern. Within the KYMAK pattern, Space frames may enclose continuous shopping malls and townhouses on thorofares or entire cities along the 5320 mile perimeter. Such a structure enables a blend of outdoor light and air with indoor comfort and security; also, living space may be included within as well as below, to assure economy, utility and delight. Existing streets and roads are used according to designated zoning as described. Freeways are on the northern and southern boundaries of the each municipal unit; parkways are on the eastern and western boundaries.
Thru-out the 1500-mile square, major traffic flows along municipal unit lines where all freeways go parallel around the perimeter of the 1500-mile square and all parkways go perpendicular branching from the diagonal. An interstate and intercontinental 528 feet wide right-of-way transportation trunk line goes all the way around between the 5327.6 and 5328.4-mile perimeter.(above text revised 7/11/11)
Note: The 1500 mile square is divided into 250 mile units divided by 21 giving a unit of 11 19/21 miles square (this measure has a reciprocal of .0084). Units in the outer 96 miles are 12 x 11 19/21 (the reciprocal of this area is .007).
POPULATION - Suggested distribution and density of the Mo del City:
Public Lands are 29 16/21 sq. mi. being 1 11/14 x 8 1/3 miles each side toward the east and west to be used for wildlife preservation.
Agricultural (rural) zone: 70 persons per sq. mi.; wildlife zone: seven persons per square mile.
I. Outer Zone: 84 miles wide around the perimeter of the 1500ï¿½mile square. Municipal units are 12 x 11 19/21 miles - except at corners of the 1500-mile square where municipal units are full 12 mile squares. - 700 persons per square mile. This comprises an optimum size self-sustaining city of 100,000 population.
A. North-side: 1. Residential Zone at less than one person per acre = 17,500. Along freeways, Broadacre City at about one person per acre = 14,000
B. Central Core * at less than 12 persons per acre = 19,500
C. South-side: 1. Residential zone at less than two persons per acre = 35,000. Along freeways, Broadacre City at about one person per acre = 14,000
TOTAL unit population = 100,000
II. Major Business & Industrial Zone (along 5280 mi. perimeter) Local Units (12 x 11 19/21 miles - except at corners) 7,000 persons per square mile.
A. North-side: 1. Residential at less than 15 persons per acre 250,000. Along freeways, Broadacre pattern at less than three persons per acre = 40,000
B. Central Core at about 150 per acre = 250,000
C. South-side: 1. Residential at less than 20 persons per acre = 350,000. Along freeways, Broadacre City pattern at about 7 per acre 100,000
TOTAL unit population = 1,000,000
III. Vast Interior (about 1300 miles square) is an agricultural (rural) zone populated at one person per 10 acres. A forested buffer zone 11 1/7 miles wide separates it from zone II. Local units are 11 19/21 miles square. At the center is a 12 mile square within a square the size of four units.
IV. Surrounding Zone 250 miles wide for wildlife and exurban estates at 100 acres per person. No provision for surface motor vehicles.
V. International Zone 50 miles wide around a 2000-mile square.
Streets & Subdivisions
This scheme (see illustration) concentrates buildings in a linear pattern enclosing an agricultural interior. It provides an orderly arrangement, an efficient and diverse transportation system, and economy in location of public utilities, i.e., water supply, sanitation, power and fuel. It offers a variety of lot sizes and dwelling types. It blends city and country lifestyles in an atmosphere conducive to individual liberty, independence and morality characteristic of American Democracy and essential to keeping the Federal Republic that was formed to preserve this Union.
A standard subdivision is an 880 ft. block on perimeter of the 3 1/3 x 8 1/3 mile residential zone (see, "Model City") on three sides, only. The north and south sides lap into the Broadacre City zone. The residential zone perimeter is the centerline of a thorofare combining a farm and residential access road. The right-of-way is 132 ft. being 44 feet each side plus a public transit easement of 44 ft. Boulevards border the public lands (wilderness) zone and are composed of a park road and residential road plus an extra 44 ft. for a median. Boulevards turn 90 degrees at suburban zone lines on the north and south and go east or west to enter the neighboring municipality or enter the parkway arterial. Shopping centers are on the corner of boulevard and thorofare intersections.
The front lot of each 880 ft. block is 132 x 660 feet. High rise apartments are set back 44 ft. Side streets extend 660' to back lots to loop and return, enclosing a plaza for parks, schools, libraries, shopping or other public buildings. The next lot is also 132 ft. x 660 ft. designated for low rise apartments.
Lots facing side streets are 44 ft. x 88 ft. and surround an open courtyard for guest parking. A 220 ft. square common green enclosed by workshops, barns and stables backs up to the remaining 132 ft. which yields several large and a few small family or individual lots facing a pastoral easement - a passage-way to the common green allows equestrian access to and from the rural interior, which is for agriculture and sanitation (composting) facilities. An easement 220 feet wide extends to a row of elegant farms and utility buildings with a horse and buggy path. Limited motor vehicle access from the street is provided. For a distance beyond are summer houses, cottages and gazebos around woods and green.
In the rural interior country estates (880' square) join to enclose a mile-wide green at the middle of the interior. At the center of the north-side residential zone is an executive compound one-mile square.
The Urban Core
This has three entrances on each of the four sides, with parking in surrounding open space. One scheme has the interior composed of shopping malls along the core perimeter, government and business at the center surrounded by an industrial zone with parks, plaza and residential between. Inter-city subway or elevated transit connects adjacent municipal centers. While an infinite variety of schemes are possible within each unit, this scheme is standard for rapid, comprehensive, compact urban growth and development. Everyone of a population of 100.000 could have a townhouse in the core to begin with and then spread out to the more spacious living designated, later on, at their leisure. The adjacent urban-core-farm zone extensions may be developed similar to the elegant little farm units described in "Broadacre City", with a central common livestock pasture. Sanitation (composting) is part of agriculture.
Another scheme * for the urban core follows a ten-acre block gridiron pattern with 132 ft.-wide streets and half-acre lots; however, this scheme is intended for township centers (see page 2). Designers and developers may have other ideas according to public demand.
This is two miles wide along freeways and laps into designated residential zones. A road extends from the freeway to the urban core -- this road is 1/2 mile eastward of the unit centerline but curves to 5/6 mile to enter on the core periphery. Roads occur at two mile intervals as the two mile square pattern is repeated. Spur boulevards at alternate two mile intervals extend 1 1/4 miles from the freeway to education and cul tural facilities. Roads and spurs cross the freeway where the pattern may be duplicated. The road may extend 2 1/3 miles from the freeway to little forty acre villages within the residential zone (one is in the wilderness zone). A park and ride facility incorporated with the sport complex and mass transit could eliminate motor traffic thru the residential zones. Building types locations relative to the freeway apply thru-out.
Although the county seat occurs but once per county (near its population center) an annex or other type of governmental building would be appropriate to the designated site elsewhere, or remain vacant until needed. An educational center could be used as the site for a large university or a small library, as required; a fair grounds site can be a small exhibition, and so on.
Broadacre City (suburban zone) sites and building types:
1. County Annex
2. Postal Service
3. Race Track
4. Sport fields
5. Sport Complex
6. Athletic clubs
7. Lake and stream
8. Elegant Farms
9. Luxury house
11. Music garden
12. Health spa
13. Shopping center
15. Factory workers homes
16. Factories with dwellings above
18. Travel center
21. Vineyards and orchards
22. Office buildings
23. Small homes
24. Secondary schools
26. Guest houses
27. Agricultural research
33. Country club
35. Small industry
36. Smaller homes
37. Small apartments
40. Apartment houses
41. Commodious homes
42. Water supply
43. Professional school
44. County Architect
45. Small theater
47. Larger homes
48. Observation point
49. Auto repair
50. Gas station
52. Natural preserve
"The mountain sites would make the nicest building sites. I advocate building (perhaps high buildings) on those portions of the land least useful for other purposes. It is possible to build anywhere in this new sense of organic building. You could not build Georgian or Elizabethan or Tudor houses there, but you could build wide-spread ground-built houses such as I have described, or upstanding slender isolated ones... Architects are not going to build it (Broadacre City) I fear, because I see that as they are educated they are not competent even to see it."
THE FUTURE OF ARCHITECTURE, Frank Lloyd Wright (London Lectures)
"American Democracy, in its myriad personalities, in factories, work-shops, stores, officesï¿½through the dense streets and houses of cities, and all their manifold sophisticated life must either be fibred, vitalized, by regular contact with out-door light and air and growths, farm-scenes, animals, fields, trees, birds, sun-warmth and free skies, or it will certainly dwindle and pale."
Whitman Nature and Democracy
"And hail, to the man whose abode is
Where in a town the country pursuits with the city are blended.
On him lies not the pressure that painfully hampers the farmer,
Nor is he carried away by the greedy ambition of cities".
Goethe Polyhymnia line 30-34
Cadastral Survey ~ Continued