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582nd SAW Bn Italian Operations

HISTORY OF THE 582nd SAW Bn HISTORY


Operations in France and Germany


HEADQUARTERS 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO US Army AG 314.7 26 September 1944 SUBJECT: Historical Records TO : Commanding General, XII Tactical Air Command, APO 374 US Army. 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion for the period 1 August to 31 August 1944: a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization (1) Changes in designation, assignment, or attachment (a) Changes in designation: None (b) Changes in assignment: None (c) Changes in attachment: None (2) Subordinate Units: None (3) Changes in Commanding Officer: None (4) Changes in Staff Officers: None (5) Changes in T/O: None c. Strength Commisioned and Enlisted (1) Month of August (a) At Beginning ( 60) Off ( 5) WO (995) EM (b) Net Increase ( 2) Off (c) Net Decrease ( 3) EM (d) At End ( 62) Off ( 5) WO (992) EM d. Changes in station: (1) Southern France (a) Date of arrival: 15th of August thru 31st of August - Movement of entire organization not yet completed. (b) Began departure from S. Maria Staging Area, Italy in small Units at a time, from the 1st of the month and continued loading of LST's with first echelon personnel and equipment until the invasion force sailed. After the invasion took place, movement of organization was coninued thru the end of the month, as shipping space became available. The movement of the organization has not been completed entirely; as shipping space becomes available movement will continue thru the next month. e. Movements (1) From S. Maria Staging Area, Italy to Southern France. (a) Purpose - Participation in invasion and campaign of Southern France. (b) Groups of organization began departure from Staging Area in the early part of month, boarded ships and sailed for the D-day landings in Southern France. Movement was continued thruout the month and will continue next month until the entire organization arrives in France. (c) The move was made by boat, British and American LST's and Liberty Ships. (d) A distance of approximately 300 miles was traveled in movement by water. The trip on the whole was good, and the Weather was fair. f. Campaigns: (1) Name: Southern France (2) Duration: In Progress. g. Operations: No Change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Former and present Members who have distinguished themselves in action: None for the present. 2. Enclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for period 1 August to 31 August 1944. For the Commanding Officer: s/Gardner L. Friedlander GARDNER L. FRIEDLANDER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant Sept 27, 1942 to August 16, 1944 TEXAS Detachment 582nd Sig AW Bn. Prepared by, T/5 Ernest R. Strohl Left New York September 27, 1942. Landing at Gremock, Scotland on October 3, 1942. Left by train for Stone, England, arriving there Oct. 4th. We left Stone, England, after a stay of ten days. Arrived at Liverpool, October 14. 1942, and embarked for invasion of Africa. We landed at Arzeu, November 9th, 1942. We moved in and stayed at La Semia Airport. We did not set up for Operations. We embarked for Fareana, in convoy February 15, 1943. Arriving February 22nd. Received orders to move back to Youkas L'Baines next day February 23rd. The following day we moved back to Ain Abeta. From here we moved back to Youkas, February 25, 1943. From here we moved on to Tebessa, and set up operations. Reporting into I.C. (Grandstand). At this time we were operating SCR 521 Radar set. February 28, 1943 Lt. Krumrine was C.O. of the Unit. March 5th, Lt. Krumrine, was called into I.C. Being replaced by Lt. Cosell. March 21st, our Unit moved to Kasserine. We stayed here two days, then was ordered back to Tebessa, where we were issued a SCR 602. The new set was mounted on an 2 & 1/2 ton truck. We moved 2 1/2 miles from Tebessa, and set up Operations. Lt, Cosell was recalled back to I.C. March 25th. On April 10th, we moved to Teleppe, where Lt. L. R. Latham joined us and was our new C.O. On April 13th we moved to Sheitla, where we stayed overnite. Following day we moved on to Le Ser, and then finally to our new site at Side Bou Rouse, om April 16th. After 24 days of operation at Side Bou Rouse, we moved back to Le Ser, May 10th, 1943. On May 15th, entire organization moved to Cape Bon. On May 19th, we moved fromCape Bon to Nebul, (30 miles from I.C.) Received orders to move back to Cape Bon, on June 1, 1943. We set up on the beach near I.C., (Grandstand). We covered the bombings of Pantellaria. On July 3, 1943 we moved to the Staging Area. July 14, 1943, landed at Gela, Sicily, but did not go into Operations. Once again we moved on to Raclameto, North of Agregento July 20. Received orders and moved on July 30, to the North shore of Sicily, 10 miles east of Palermo. Reporting to I.C. (Grubstake). August 6, we moved into the center of Sicily, 5 miles North of Lionforte. Reporting to Grandstand once again. After 7 days of Operations North of Lionforte, we moved and set up on the end of Cape Mallazo, reporting into I.C. (Grubstake). On the 18th of August, we moved back to San Stefano, relieving "INDIANA". On Aug. 27, moved to Staging Area at Mallazo, and later on Sept. 19, left for invasion of Italy. Landed at Salerno, and moved to Assembly Area. Sept 27, moved to Frattamaggiore, and Oct. 6 moved out to St. Maria De Grecco. Lt. Ayres formed us up on Oct, 14. From there we moved 12 miles north of Alife, Oct, 23. Lt. Ayres died Dec. 26, 1943. Lt. Cupples replaced Lt. Ayres as C.O. of the Unit. On Jan 12 moved into Frattamaggiore, with I.C. Jan 15, 1944 moved to water proofing area 3 miles South of Caserta. Jan 20, we went aboard an LST, and landed at Anzio on the 22nd. Set up and went into Operations the 23rd. Lt. Crawley replaced Lt. Cupples, on May 4. Moved to a new site North of Cisterna on May29, 1944. On June 8, set up Operations 3 miles north of Rome. On June 11th, once again we moved and set up 3 miles North of Orbetello. After 8 days of Operations there we moved and set up at Manciano, June 19th. Then on June 30th, we moved our site 17 miles North of Seine, to Falsettiao. On 25th July, received orders and moved back to the Staging Area, at Santa Maria, Italy. We water proofed our trucks and stood by awaiting orders. On 12th of August, we went aboard the LST, that was in the harbor of Naples. Arrived several miles off the invasion shore of France. The first landings were reports over the P.A. system of the LST, that we were on; this was Aug. 15... D-Day. We waited all day to get ready to disembark, however plans were changed and we didn't land until D+1 at 0900 hours Aug. 16. After going to a de-water proofing area, we continued on Route #6, on to our new site. The enemy wasn't cleared out of our preplaned site near St. Raphael. We stayed over night in a wooded sector off Route #6. On Aug. 17 we moved and set up Operations four kilometers from Plan de Tour. After spending 3 days at Plan de Tour site, we moved up to new site 1 mile North of Dragnignan, Aug. 20th.... On 24th of August we moved and set up at St. Aubon. After one days operaton, we received orders to close down, due to the gasoline shortage. Stayed at this site one week, then on August 30th, moved to new site, between Bourgoin, and St. Jean, 35 miles below Lyons. After 4 weeks of operations at Bourgoin site, received orders and moved back to Hqs. Arriving at St. Tropez Oct 3rd, 1944. Several of the men were sent on DS, to other Units in the field. Remainder of the EM of the Unit stayed on with Hqs. On December 6th, we moved to new Hqs, site at Rosiers. January 4th, moved to Nancy where Hq. was living in (Cite University) there. On January 26th, received orders to move back to Rosiers regroup new replacements, and prepare to go back into the field. On February 17th, moved back into the field, at new site WQ 64501930, near Phalsburg, 5 miles from Savern. Went into full operations, and reporting toI.C. (Baby) via land line... War Diray, 582nd Signal AW Battalion S. Maria Staging Area August 1944, APO 650 US Army 01 Tue Weather fair and warm. Organization still in Staging Area awaiting further developments. OKLAHOMA Unit moved all equipment on LST this afternoon. T/5 Edward Kunz, T/5 Isadore J, Goldstein, T/5 Floyd Thompson, Pfc Daniel A. Cashorali, and Pvt Henry E. Nedest returned to duty from DS to 346th Sig. Co., Wing. Sgt Byron G. Spanski, T/4 Miles B. Gilmore, and T/5 Thomas J. Boyce (DS to 346th Sig. Co., Wing) were placed on DS to 54th Line Section (British). The picture "Phantom Lady" was shown by the 64th Fighter Wing Special Service Section in their Area. 02 Wed Weather very warm, then there is a breeze the stench from the soaking hemp hereabout is very strong and dense. All Units are now in Staging Area. PFC James C. Ward, and Pfc Ellwood E. Thompson were returned to duty yesterday from DS to 346th Signal Co., Wing. The film "Gildersleeves Ghost" by the 593rd SAW Bn. In their area. 03 Thu Weather very warm. Units not operational. Usual camp duties in Staging Area. Lt. Brand of Unit IDAHO came into Hq with numbers of vehicles. Transportion to the Joe Louis boxing exhibition in Casserta was provided for those who wished to go this evening. "Heavenly Body" was the picture shown by the Wing this evening, and "Gaslight" was shown by the 315th Gp. 04 Fri Weather fair and warm. Usual camp duties. Personnel and equipment loading lists are being prepared for the next movement by water. TEXAS Unit loaded equipment on LST today. Sgt John H. Holt having been assigned to the Battalion from the 22nd Replacement Battalion was further assigned to L.W. Radar Reporting Company. T/5 William O. Auker was assigned to organization and joined Hq and Pl. Co. 2nd Lt. Rudolph R. Bodd was atchd from MAAF. 1st Lt. Melvin A. Armstrong was placed on DS. Today's film was "Pin Up Girl," shown at the 593rd. 05 Sat Weather fair and warm. Normal camp duties in Staging Area. Evening's entertainment consisted of a movie, "Sahara," starring Humphrey Bogart--picture was shown in the 593rd area. 06 Sun Weather fair. Part of IDAHO Unit, including EM and vehicles, were loaded on an LST. T/5 Michael Gigiottu, Jr., Cpl Edward M. Jordon, Jr., Pfc Lewis E. Pemberton, and Pfc Gordon H. Stene were placed on DS to 907th Signal Depot. Beer ration was issued this afternoon. 1st Lt. Willard H. Toske was assigned and joined the organization. Two pictures were shown this evening in the area--"Heavenly Body" at the 593rd, and "Girl Crazy" at the 64th FTR. Wing. 07 Mon Weather fair. Normal camp duties. Movie in the evening-- "Tampico", was shown by the 593rd. 08 Tue Weather fair. Usual camp duties "Broadway Rhythm," picture was shown by the 64th FTR Wing 09 Wed Weather fair. Usual camp duties; Pvt Kenneth P. Powell was transferred to the 58th AACS Group. WOJG Edwin W. Moran went on TD to Rome for a period of five days. T/4 Ronald N. Aurswald, T/4 Clarence R. Rogness, and T/4 John W. Haskell were appointed S/Sgts. T/5 Merle E. Cadle, T/5 Wlliam E. Henderson, T/5 Martin M. Rados, T/5 Benard T. Shea, and T/5 Gordon M. Speed were appointed T/4s. 2nd Lt. Robbie D. Barnes and ten EM returned to duty from DS, 907th Sig Depot. 2nd Lt. Barnes, 2nd Lt. John W. Castle, and WOJG J. D. Sayre and 46 EM went on DS to SCR-615 Unit. 10 Thu Weather fair in the morning, turned to cloudy with a rain storm and a strong wind just befor noon. The storm raged for aproximately a half hour and disappeared as suddenly as it had come; the only sad evidence remaining were a number of leveled tents, and unhappy and very wet G.I.s All personnel of seven Radar Platoons loaded on boats today. KANSAS and INDIANA were the only teams left in the Staging Area. 2nd Lt. Rudolph R. Bodd and 2nd Lt. Claude D. McMillian were placed on DS status to Rome. A U.S.O. Show was presented at the 593rd thru the NATOUSA Special Service Section; later in the evening the 64th FTR Wing showed the picture."Colt Comrades." 11 Fri Weather warm and cloudy with slight intermittent showers. Captain Milton A. Taylor, Co, Hq & Plot. Co. went on TD to 12th Air Force; 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson assumed Command of Company during his absence. Pfc John W. Dary and Pvt Carl W. Wenning went to XII Air Force as drivers. 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor went on DS to Ops #1. 12 Sat Weather fair and warm. Usual camp duties; a formation, the first one in quite a number of months, for personal inspection of all personnel present was called at 1000 hours. It came off favorably. T/4 Myron W. Dotherow, Cpl. Anthony A. Gatzey, Cpl. Charles F. Miller, T/5 Lloyd R. Kagg, T/5 Edward F. Olech, Pfc Richard E. Hammerschmidt, and Pfc Luther E. Taylor returned to duty from DS to 62nd FTR. Wing. 13 Sun Weather fair. Captain Milton A. Taylor returned to duty from TD, Twelfth Air Force, and assumed Command of Hq. and Plot. Company; 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson was reld of temporary Command. PX rations were issued, and ice cream was served after the evening meal. The picture "Submarine Base" was shown at the 593rd. 14 Mon Weather fair. Normal camp duties, KANSAS Radar Unit was loaded onto English cargo vessel. Hq. amd Plot. Company left S. Maria at 1615 hrs to go to IOWA Assembly Area in Naples; arrived in Assembly Area 1715 hr, traveling 22 miles by motor convoy. S/Sgt Jefferson D. Baily and Pfc John W. Dary were returned to duty, LW Reporting Company, from DS to Hq. and Plot. Co. 2nd Lt. James N. Thompson was reld from atch to L.W. Reporting Co. and returned to Hq. and Plot. Company. 14 Offiers and 98 EM of Hq and Plot Company were attached to Reporting Co. The film "Up in Arms" was shown at the 82nd FTR Control Squadron area, and "In Our Time" was shown at the 593rd. 15 Tue Weather fair. 7th Army and Allies began landing today on the Southern coast of France. The overall plan of Air Warning for participation is vague at this time. Unit ARIZONA, SCR 584 was mounted on the upper deck of an LST for the purpose of giving the Operation cover from the Air and Fighter Aircraft Control. Unit OKLAHOMA on an LST acted as alternate in case ARIZONA was knocked out. Unit MICHIGAN will operate as a Dive Bomber Control Unit and should land on D-3. NEW YORK, MAINE, OHIO and TEXAS Units, SCR 602s, will land on D-3 and will proceed to cover forward troop concentrations etc. with Early Warning. WYOMING and VERMONT Units, SCR 602 LW, and Unit ALABAMA (SCR 584) are stationed on Corsica and standbys, for the Units actually making the landings, Units KANSAS and INDIANA will land on D+10 and will proceed to give additional cover to the Beachhead. The organization is particularly proud of its record in the Mediterranean Theater--with the majority of the original personnel this organization has made to date six amphibious landings on D-days; landings in North Africa, the invasion of Pantelleria, landings at Gela, Sicily, the invasion of Italy at Salerno, and later the Anzio Beachhead now we are participating in the invasion of Southern France. 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor returned to duty from DS to Ops #1. The Silver Star, having been awarded per GO #30, XII ASC, 1944, for action in the landings at Gela, Sicily, was presented to Sgt William H. Tucker in a formation at 1000 hrs; Major Harold R. Long, Bn. Executive Officer, made the presentation. In an aftenoon BBC News Broadcast it was announced that Allied landings had been made in Southern France at 0800 hours; objectives were reached within an hour after the landings. The picture "Three Men in White" was shown at the 64th Fighter Wing. The 593rd had the picture. "The Uninvited," 16 Wed Weather very warm. KANSAS Unit was loaded onto a Liberty Ship today. 1st Lt. William H. Hassall returned to duty from TD to Rome. Two films were shown in the area this evening; "Bermuda Mystery" at the 82nd Fighter Control Sq., and "Jam Session" at the 593rd SAW Bn. 17 Thu Weather fair and warm. Major Harold R. Long went on TD to Rome for a period of three days. Captain Lew E. Merrill and Pfc Louis Shiller went on TD to XII Air Force. 1st Sgt Chester L. Patterson. G.O. Co. "B", went to 23rd General Hospital. 18 Fri Weather fair. Usual camp duties. INDIANA Radar Unit loaded their equipment on LST, personnel are to be loaded later. The pictire "9 Girls" was shown at the 593rd, and "Buffalo Bill" at 82nd, and "Rationng" at the 64th three pictures this evening. 19 Sat Weather cloudy in forenoon with heavy showers in the morning, clearing up in the afternoon. Major Harold R. Long returned to duty from Rome. Captain Lew E. Merrill and Pfc Louis Shiller returned to duty frm TD XII Air Force. The evening's film--"Up in Mable's Room," at the 64th. 20 Sun Weather very warm. The remainder of IDAHO Unit left S. Maria at 1215 hrs. and arrived on beach at Bagnoli at 1330 hrs and boared U.S. LST1010 at 1730 hours. Hq Co and attached personnel of this echelon left IOWA Assembly Area (Naples) at 0815 hours and arrived on Nisida Beach Waiting Area at 0900 hours, traveling some 15 miles by motor convoy. The group marched 1/2 mile to Nisida Docks and boarded U.S. LST 210 at 1715 hours. Pfc Merle L. Fowler and Pvt Joseph Gross went on DS to SCR-615 Unit. For the evening's entertainment the picture "The Youngest Profession" was shown. 21 Mon Weather fair and warm. Usual camp duties in Staging Area. 22 Tue Weather fair and warm. Usual camp duties. IDAHO Unit, on board LST, got under way at 1740 hours today. The film "Stars on Parade" was shown to personnel left in Staging Area, at the 593rd. 23 Wed Weather fair and very warm. VERMONT Unit was loaded on two British LST's to day. T/5 Michael Gigliotti, Jr.; T/5 George Koruzovich; Pvt Raymon L. Delago; Pvt John L. Dipaolo; were relieved from DS to SCR-615 Unit and were placed on DS to 64rd Fighter Wing. The picture "Cover Girl" was shown at the 64th Fighter Wing. 24 Thu Weather fair. Usual camp duties in Staging Area. 1st Lt. Edwin E. Buckner, 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor, Cpl Berrain A. Hobby and S/Sgt Curtis W. Roberts went on TD to Rome for a three day period of rest. VERMONT Unit arrived in Southern France and were landed on the beach north of St. Raphael, convoy was formed and proceeded to the 64th Fighter Wing Bivouac Area located just east of the Port of St. Tropez. It was learned today that Cpl. Allen H. Tyndall, Medic, was injured in action in France on the 16th of August 1944. The truck in which he was riding came under small arms and sniper fire; on taking cover Cpl Tyndall's right leg was broken below the knee and the ligments were torn in the left ankle. 26 EM were today attached to the organization for rations. For entertainment this evening the picture "Ladies Courageous" was shown at the 82nd Fighter Control Squadron, and "Claudia" at the 809th. 25 Fri Weather fair and very warm; the wind was rather strong, blowing up the dust considerably all day. 2nd Lt. Rudolph R. Bodd and Pfc Ernest E. Zeigler went on TD to Naples. Captain Eldon E. Evans, Co, LW Rptg Co, went to Hospital, 17th General; 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor returned from Rome and assumed Command of Company. Hq & Plot. Co, with the attached personnel arrived in France today, disembarked on Blue Beach (2262 So.) at St. Tropez at 1700 and proceeded to Bivouac Area approx. six miles from St. Tropez where camp was set up. Distance traveled by water was approximaely 300 miles. The picture "Secret Command" was shown to the personnel yet remaining in Staging Area. 26 Sat Weather fair and very warm; wind continued strong. Usual camp duties in Staging Area, where the pesonnel are all anxiously waiting to receive Orders to leave. There was an inspection of personnel and equipment at 1000 hours, made by Company Officers; everything found to be in pretty fair shape. 1st Lt. Edwin E. Buckner, Cpl. Berrian A. Hobby, and S/Sgt Cutis W. Roberts returned to duty from TD to Rome. In France all men who were at Ops #4 and who were lent out to other Ops are now all back with their original Ops. 27 Sun Weather fair and warm. Usual camp duties. The 26th EM atchd for rations on the 24th were relieved. 1st Sgt Chester L. Patterson returned to duty from the 23rd General Hospital. In France, IDAHO Unit is to replace NEW YORK Unit at Le Muy, France, and will leave possibly tomorrow. To the personnel still remaining in Staging Area the film "Lets Dance" was shown in the 593rd area. 28 Mon Weather fair and somewhat cooler. Normal camp duies. A few changes in assignments and attachments of EM took place beween Companies within the Battalion. In France: Sgt Byron G. Spanski went on DS to 346th Sig. Co., Thomas J. Boyce went on DS to St. Aygulf. T/5 Vonnie B. Burns went on DS to St. Aygulf. T/5 Garland Flurerty and Pfc James G. Ward were sent to St. Aygulf also. T/5 Edward Kunz, T/5 Floyd Thompson, Pvt Henry E. Nedrest, and Pfc Ellwood were sent to Le Duc. In the S. Maria Staging Area , Italy the films "Larceny with Music" and "Mr Biggs" were shown at the 82nd and 593rd respectively to personnel still there. 29 Tue Weather fair and warm. Normal camp duties in Staging Area. Beer and cokes were distributed; ration seemes to have increased this week to three bottles of beer and four cokes per man. Ice Cream was served at evening meal. In France: Pfc Daniel A. Cashorali went on DS to St. Aygulf. IDAHO went to Le Muy and set up Unit, replacing NEW YORK. VERMONT Unit went to an experimental site on the coast. 30 Wed Weather fair. At 0930 hours Major Ross gave a lecture on V.D. and Malaria; Chaplain Captain Treese also spoke on V.D. A physical examination was held immediately after the lectures. P.X. rations, beer and cokes were distributed again today. In the evening the 37th S.S. Negro Orchestra entertained us here for an hour with a pretty fair show. After the show the film "Northern Pursuit" was shown in the area of the 82nd Fighter Control. 31 Thu Weather fair and pretty warm. Captain Leonard Feit, M.C. returned to duty from Hospital after an absence of nearly a month. Morale of the organization has been very good for the period; only all here are anxious to leave and get over to France. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment August 1944 Prepared by 2nd Lt. Edward K. Osterberg 1 LST SECTION: Staging at Santa Maria Airport. Waiting for orders to load. Final requisition for individual equipment cleared through 316th Service Group. Equipment picked up at Santa Maria warehouse. Received monthly pay for Unit from Capt. Evans. With Lt. Luna, borrowed Capt. Evans Command Car and went into Naples docks to see our men aboard ship about their pay. Paid men this evening. Movie in 64th F.W. area this evening. Mess at Battalion excellent today. Morale excellent. Weather excellent; but area is dusty. NOTE: Personnel of this section: 1 Officer and 17 EM. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Moved from Dallas Staging Area to Naples docks. Loaded this eveningon "John C. Moorehead". Supper very late this evening aboard ship. Other meals, as before, had to be obtained from Engineer Mess in Staging Area. Morale is fair. NOTE: Personnel of this section: 4 EM (with 4 vehicles). 2 LST SECTION: Turned in 1 PE-75 and 1-173 without generator set to Tech. Supply on Capt. Bixby's request. Obtained 2 1/2 mi. drums of field wire from 1072 Sig. Co. Purchased 2 weeks P.X. supplies from Santa Maria warehouse of 316 Service Group. Movie in area this evening. Mess at Battalion excellent. Morale, Weather same. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Moved out into harbor today. Mess excellent. Morale good. Movie this evening. 3 LST SECTION: Everything ready except waiting for spare Radar motor from Tech. Supply. Morale excellent. Mess and Weather also excellent. Movie this evening. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Riding anchor in harbor. conditions same as yesterday. No movie though; policy is to be every other night. 4 LST SECTION: Obtained spare blower motor for Radar. Mess, morale, Weather exccellent. Everything is ready. Movie in area this evening. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions unchanged. 5 LST SECTION: More frequent checks made with TQM Office at Battalion conditions otherwise unchanged. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions unchanged. 6 LST SECTION: Conditions unchanged. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions unchanged. 7 LST SECTION: Conditions unchanged. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions unchanged. 8 LST SECTION: Radar truck with driver & assistant went to Battalion to join convoy to Dallas Staging Area this Morning. Power trailer went with truck. All vehicles are now gone. Mess, morale, Weather excellent. Movie tonight. LIBERTY SECTION: Conditions same as yesterday. 9 LST SECTION: With MAINE, NEW YORK, and ARIZONA, purchased extra P.X. rations at P.B.S. warehouse in Naples. Also, at this time, purchased 2 weeks beer ration. Later bill for 4 Units is in OHIO name. T/Sgt. Celli went on sick call to Bn. Medics, he was then sent to the General Hospital for a Malarial check. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: No change in condition. 10 LST SECTION: Awaiting movement orders. TMQ Office says probably tomorrow. Mess, morale, Weather excellent. Movie this evening. NOTE: The 2 Men at the Dallas Staging Area will be there until the LST is loaded. Mess (from Engineers) only fair. Morale good. Bulk of recent P.X. taken down to Staging Area today. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions same. 11 LST SECTION: Received orders this Morning to be ready at 0900. At that time heavy storm hit the area, blowing down all the pyramidal tents. Personal equipment, although packed, was scattered and soaked. Trucks of 12th S.A.C. arrived 1/2 hour late and took personnel to Bn. Area. Trucks left in convoy for Dallas area. Heavy rain enroute. Later arrived at TEXAS Staging Area. Reported, picked up C Rations, and drove in convoy to Nisida Beach. Mess on Beach while awaiting orders. Necessary to pick up C Rations again for evening meals. Checked with TEXAS Commanding Officer for 5 Units. Discovered no intention of loading today. This was remedied immediately. Slept on Beach tonight. Morale satisfactory. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions same. 12 LST SECTION: Boarded ship at 0130 after delay due to incorrect order shortly after midnight. Truck and 2 Men loaded shortly after. At Morning, pulled out of Dock to point off Mt. Vesuvius. Rode anchor all day. Received ship instructions. Mess excellent, morale satisfactory, Weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: No change. 13 LST SECTION: Rode anchor till morning; then pulled out to Sea. Headed toward Corsica. Meeting this morning with Men for ship instructions. Meeting this evening with Capt. Frazier for invasion briefing. Mess, morale, Weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Conditions unchanged. 14 LST SECTION: Passed through Strait of Corsica this morning about 0700. Heading for France. Meeting this afternoon with Men for invasion briefing. Meeting this evening with men: Latest information. Mess, morale, weather excellent. Sea smooth. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: correction on yesterday's entry: Pulled out of Naples Bay at 1600. Today reached the strait of Corsica, apparently following the assault convoy by half a day. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 15 LST SECTION: Pulled in close to St. Raphael on heels of assault LST's. Watched entire invasion in this area while waiting for orders to beach. Drifted and checked position all day and early evening. Ordered in at dusk. On way in became lost. Skipper decided on tomorrow morning. On way out again to safe anchor position, enemy plane appeared, heading to sea, considerable Ack-Ack. Stopped for the night about 10 miles out. Battle stations till dark. Mess, morale, weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Stopped about 20 miles off shore Cap d'Ore. Moved in just off Cap d'Ore this afternoon. Raid tonight. One enemy plane. Bomb hit water close to ship. Several men wounded. Mess, morale excellent. 16 LST SECTION: Ordered in to Yellow Beach west of St. Tropez this morning. According to plans we should be going in at St. Raphael. Transferred to LCT's and landed at noon. Several hundred P.O.W. were noted near water. Bulldozer tore off bumper of Radar truck while pulling truck onto Beach. De-waterproofed several hundred yards in. Drove toward planned location of Assembly Area #1, all men riding the truck and trailer. Two miles from St. Tropez, snipers opened fire. Medics leg broken during the excitement: Cpl. Tyndall jumped from trailer to road; excited jeep driver ran into him. Tyndall taken to Hospital at St. Tropez in Medic jeep as soon as possible. Truck went on to area. Most of the men followed cautiously on foot; pinned down for 200 yards on way up. OPS 2 refused us bivouac area; snipers reported on other hill, consequently, bivouaced to side of OPS #2. Emergency rations. Morale fair. Weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Waiting for unloading orders. Raid late tonight. No casualties. Mess, weather excellent. Morale good. 17 LST SECTION: Lt. O contacted Capt. Schiff concerning orders; must wait for site to be located. Unable to obtain transportation in this area to take S/Sgt Garvey to St. Tropez Hospital for check on leg that had been run over by Radar truck during shipping incident yesterday. (Not reported till today). Late this morning, managed to borrow jeep and have leg checked. No injury aside from bruises. Lt. O left with Lt. McCoy for the afternoon to locate coastal site near Hyeres. Went up to 3rd Division rear guard. Saw numerous P.O.W. along roads, and extensive fortifications in selected coastal regions. Emergency rations. Morale, weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Unloaded at St. Raphael Beach just before midnight. De-waterproofed close by. Remained at Beach Area all day and night since no orders were received as to disposition of trucks and personnel. Emergency rations. Morale, weather excellent. 18 LST SECTION: Lt. O left early this morning with Lt. McCoy to locate site. Desired region seemed safe today. Thought we were in back of a German Mortar or Howitzer. Contacted French Col. and staff: they furnished a Detachment of Men and a Captain to accompany us. Explosions proved to be a American Battleship close by firing overhead into the next town. Picked up 4 Jerries at a Chateau by Ft.Bregancon on Cap Benat (proposed site). Dropped off Jerries at P.O.W. cage on way back. Will move to site in morning. Liberty ship section arrived this afternoon. Emergency rations. Morale, weather excellent. LIBERTY SHIP SECTION: Received orders to move to Assembly Area #1 at St. Tropez. Arrived this afternoon. 19 Moved intact Unit (short T/Sgt. Celli & Cpl. Tyndall) to Cap Benat near Ft. Bregancon. Left St. Tropez at 0800, arrived at 1130. It was found to be impossible to maneuver the Radar truck and power trailer on the narrow road along the Mined Beaches, hence the Radar was sited a few hundred yards from the water, on a hill, along a hard surfaced road to a Chateau. Radio set up 500 yards, close to a farmhouse, in a field free of Mines. Radio in operation at 1330. No contact. No contact rest of the day. Mess, morale, weather excellent. Water obtained from good well, near gate-house most of the Men lived in. Necessary to live in and around this house due to the extensively Mined locality. Drinking water treated. 20 Radar on air for short time today. No steady radio contact possible. Radio has been checked throughly. This is poor radio terrain. Enemy jamming all night on radio. Variable tone jamming. Considerable activity by F.F.I. groups in this area today. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 21 Jamming stopped at midnight but local interference continued to block contact with I.C. Jamming resumed at dawn for short while. No radio contact at all today. Tried higher frequency but received no response. Visit by Lt. McCoy late this afternoon to check site. Beach location did have better inland coverage although it had no altitude, so Radar was moved to Beach this evening. By this time, it was known that a section of the Beach was clear of Mines. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 22 Contact with I.C. made shortly after midnight but very weak. At same time phone line from Radar went out. Terminal check made, but fault could not be located till dawn. Checking the entire line at midnight would have been difficult and dangerous in as much as there were Mines and F.F.I. patrols in the area. Futhermore radio contact during these hours was not satisfactory for transmitting plots. Ration runs to St. Tropez. Beach Dumps refused to issue rations due to the arrangements with the 19th Service Group. Their location given as over 100 miles N.E. Rations were then drawn from the Cavalier Beach Dump. On this run gas and carbine ammunition were also obtained. Communications satisfactory this morning. Daily maintenance assigned from 0900 to 1000 at 0915 today. PPI trouble today for 25 minutes. Operations excellent for balance of day. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 23 Operations today very satisfactory. Daily maintenance as scheduled. One slight breakdown: burned out tube in the Radar transmitter. Definitely realized today that the Beach site is not suitable for our set. Very few plots obtained in this location. Former location on the hill produced better results during testing period when contact was attempted with I.C. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 24 Just after midnight, Radar transmitter trouble caused a shut-down of 1 1/2 hours. The spare tubes we are using seem to be defective. Operation highly satisfactory remainder of the night and up to Maint. hour. Daily maintenance as scheuled. Ordered off the air, radio and Radar, this afternoon due to gas shortage in the region. Have enough on hand now for 2 days. Ordered by I.C. to give gas to nearby D.F. station. Extremely difficult to obtain authentication of this order. Challenged the calling station 4 times (covering 3 hours) before authentication was received. Took gas to D.F. station early this evening. They have 150 gallons. Mess, morale, weather excellent. Swimming now permitted on the adjoining beaches, since the MINE situation has been cleared up. 25 Shut down today; awaiting order for continuing operation. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 26 Shut down for second day. Mess, morale, weather excellent. Ration run to Cavalier Beach, also picked up gas. 27 Shut down for third day. Made trip this morning to I.C. to see how the situation stands. Received orders from Capt. Erickson to operate at our convience as long as we had gas. Began radio operation as soon as arrived back at site. No contact rest of day. Mess, weather excellent. Morale fair (mail is not coming through). 28 Began operation early this morning. Good contact in one hour. Radar in good shape. No maintenance called for today. Continued operation balance of the day except for 1 hour tonight when contact was lost. Radio jamming on and off this evening. Jamming is weak. Mess, weather excellent. Morale fairly good. 29 Tube trouble again early this morning with the Radar transmitter. This seems to indicate that the spare tubes carried since Africa are inferior. One hour daily maintenance held as per schedule. Transmitter was throughly checked; no fault found in the component. Spotty radio jamming occured about dawn. Ration run this morning to Cavalier Beach. Rations refused. Instructed to go to Le Lec. However, gas was picked up on this run. Spotty radio jamming occured tonight. This jamming today did not affect Operations to any serious degree. Radar performance was good. Mess, weather, excellent. Morale good. 30 Early this morning, bare space occured in radio antenna; remidied in few minutes. Radio jamming for short while at dawn. Daily maintenance held as scheduled. Radio PE had faulty spark plug early this afternoon, down 20 minutes. Surprise visit by Gen. Barcus, aid and jeep driver. Nature of visit not made known. First inquiry made for "OHIO G.C.I." Radio operator referred them to kitchen (along way to Radar). Kitchen relayed them to Radar (stop off few seconds). Visited Radar for 10 minutes, then Ft. Bregancon for awhile. Late afternoon, left directly from Radar (necessary to pass Radar in going to or from Fort). Strong radio jamming tonight. Mess, weather fair. Morale just fair. 31 Weekly maintenance conducted from 0900-1100 this morning. CRO tube changed in Range Unit. Visit this morning by Col. Speir, Capt. Schiff, and Colonel from XII TAC. Discussed reported conditions of it with Lt. O. Questioned Radar Maint. Man and Radio Chief. Inspected bivouac area, Radar and Radio site. Lunched at our mess. Col. Speir advised Educational program for Radar operators. Also advised use of Jeep Power Unit (not used till now due to separation of Radar and Radio). Jeep Unit moved to Beach this evening. Light Radio jamming tonight. Mess, weather excellent. Morale only fair.
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"WAR DIARY" VERMONT DETACHMENT LIGHT WEIGHT REPORTING COMPANY 582ND SIGNAL AIR WARNING BATTALION VERMONT Unit was operating in the vicinity of Siena, Italy when a message was received from OPS #2 informing them to move back to the Radar Pool at Orbetello. (14 July) Camp was broken and the Unit was on the road in no time. The trip from Siena to Orbetello is very long and rough. The hills were very high and the roads were very bad with frequent by-passes. After straining, not ourselves but the trucks over the high hills we had to give the trucks a break to cool them off for they were all heavily laden. We showed more respect that ever to out G.I. trucks after that long and difficult haul. The Men were all anxious to know why we were being called into Hqs. Talk of going on another invasion was mostly overheard. We arrived in Obetello at 6 P.M. which was very good time. We bivouaced beside INDIANA Unit. No tents were put up for we were to spend only the night there. We spent the night witnessing a movie at 64th Fighter Wing Hdqs. The movie was enjoyed by all the Men for they hadn't seen one in quite some time. Our trucks were prepared the following day of July 15 and were finished at 3:30 P.M. and at 4 P.M. we were on the road to the Radar Pool located below Rome. The trip was uneventful and was quite a pleasure traveling over good roads. We took a break and had chow at a milk farm off route #1 at our old Radar site to also indulgein some good cold fresh milk. (15 July) We arrived at the Radar Pool a few miles south of Rome at 10 P.M. We immediately began making ourselves comfortable for the night. We were staying alongside of WYOMING Unit. Morning came and we found out all we were restricted to camp for were all alerted. This made the Men bitter for all other Units were here for weeks and had many opportunities to visit Rome and we would have no chance to get into Rome. The day was spent playing volleyball and having bull sessions with old friends. On Monday the 17th of July we found ourselves in a snafu convoy, we left at 1 P.M. arriving at Chivateveccia at 6:30 P.M. Our staging area was located on a hill about a mile north of the Port. It was very hot with nary a tree in sight, trying to keep cool was foremost in everyones mind. Three days had gone by with no sign of moving as yet. While in the staging area the 593rd Men received 4 bottles of beer per Man while the 582nd Men stood around with their tongues hanging out. That was the first American beer that we had seen and we couldn't undertand why we didn't receive any. Lt. Moran our Special Service Officer dropped in at a opportune moment. He was really covered with all the questions put up to him, the main one of course being why we didn't get any beer. I believe Lt. Moran is a born Chaplain for he maneuvered out of his precarious position expertly and all was happy again. The bright clear day of July 20 came and we headed for the Docks, the task of loading seemed endless, taking a swim was one way the Men passed the time away. We finally all loaded on American LSTs and continued on an uneventfull journey. Through the Morning mist of July 21st we got our first glimpse of the Island of Corsica. We landed on the southern tip of the Island at the Port of Porto Vecchio. We get into another snafu convoy and away we go to travel to the northern part of the Island. We rode all day and as evening rolled around we bivouaced off the road for the night. About half of the journey was accomplished the first day. In the Morning we continued our journey and finally at about 4 P.M. we pulled into OPS #1 area, 1 mile east of the town of Calenzana. Life in Corsica was in many ways a G.I. paradise. The chow was the best we have ever had, we received our first American beer rations and the P.X. supplies were prompt and good. Swimming conditions were excellent and movies were shown every night. Ball playing was a favorite pastime, a soft-ball and volley ball league was started and plenty of spirit was shown in both sports. But on the other hand Corscia was similiar to Alcatraz, because the civilians supply ignored us, the prices were obnoxious and the wine was terrible. The people weren't friedly at all and didn't seem to like anyone but themselves. American soldiers are very curious and like to see different habits and places and try to speak to different peoples. But this was one place where Yank humor just wasn't enjoyed. After our first few days in Corscia we observed on the bulletin board a training program planned which would begin immediately. The schedule consisted of Hikes, Close and Extended Order Drill, Physical Exercise. Lectures on Military Hygeine, Courtesy and Sanitation also Map Reading, Scouting and Patrolling. This all took the old 582nd Men by surprise and the howles and grumbles soon came up. Many of the 582nd Men tried to get back so as to be able to get on the invasion instead of being in this set-up. But all was normal as time went by for the training wasn't too tedious and occupied much of the time. As a result of the ball games, the 582nd Units stationed there close together with their cheers and playing to defeat the 593rd Commandos. The volleyball league ebded with a 3 way tie for the first place with VERMONT, ALABAMA and WYOMING in first place with no losses, but it was conceded that VERMONT was the best ball team. The soft ball league was strictly a 593rd show. The reason of course being 582nd Units were too small in comparison and the 582nd Men hadn't played softball for years. On August 20th we were alerted and prepared to move out the next Morning for France. We attended a movie in the area that night, which supposedly was a good movie which we all wanted to see. Just before the film started an announcement as made that all Units report back to their respective areas to pull out immediately. We broke camp and loaded in the dark with the utmost speed and were on the road to the Port of Ille Rousse. The move was such a hurried one we all took it for granted that we would load on the Ships immediately. But we were disappointed as we didn't go out that night, not the next day or the next day, finally 3 nights and 2 days later we loaded up on 2 British LSTs. This was the Morning of August 23rd. A pinochle playing trip followed, and we arrived in France on the Morning of August 24. We landed on the Beach north of St. Raphael. The unloading started and the gang planks weren't slippery, A bit of humor for after these two trips VERMONT would lose it's old reputation and take on a new one as Gang Plankers. While our Radar truck was being unloaded an unfortunate accident happened which resulted in the 602 antenna mast being hopelessly bent. We then lined up in convoy formation to travel to 64th Fighter Wing's Bivouac Area located east of the Port of St. Tropez. Arriving in our area we set up for a short stay no tents were set up for we expected to go into the field very soon. OPS #1 and all their assigned Units left for Aix. We were left behind, our 602 antenna mast was beyond repair and parts were not available. To our surprise we received a new Light Weight Radar, the AN-TPS-1. 3 days were spent putting the new Unit together with the help of Lt. Bodd who came to live with us. We went on an experimental site on the coast. Our quarters at our new site was really a delux affair the best we had ever seen, for it was in a Hotel or Chatteau. VIRGINIA Unit was also stationed there. We operated for 4 days and good results were achieved. The Men took a liking to the new Radar set. We left the experimental site on the 8th of September to return to Hdqs. area. At present we are mounting the new Radar set in our 2 1/2 ton truck and also waiting for further orders. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Battalion IDAHO Sta. #1040 August 1944 Prepared by: Andrew Horent 1. Santa Maria Airport--minor details for Morning. Boys on pass to nearby Aversa and Santa Maria. Movie in evenings at Wing Hqs. 2. Usual trend of passes, otherwise quiet day. 3. Lt. Brand makes trip into Hqs with numbers of all trucks. It might be a sign as to our moving. 4. Nothing has been said about our moving, but preparations are still being made--just in case. 5. Lt. Brand again makes trip into Hqs with all truck numbers. No one seems to know what is taking place. 6. Word finally came through as to our moving. Seven Men leave at 1530 hours with 3, 1/2 Jeep and Weapons Carrier for boat. EM are Sgt Bertram, S/Sgt Natarian, T/4 Scatko, T/5 Namowitz, T/5 Thomas, Pfc Strecker, and Pvt Whiting. 7. Moving of equipment leaves us without kitchen--remaining personnel have to eat at transit mess of 316th Serv Gr on Santa Maria Runway. Details screwed up first night--no transportation for evening chow--grumbling galore by men because of no chow. 8. Notice as to no laundry to be sent out was given. Again no transportation for chow--detail sent to 316th Serv Gr Mess to pick up coffee, milk, and bread to serve EM. 9. Nothing doing--just hanging around getting on nerves of everyone. 10. Awaiting Orders--nothing doing but mosy around and wait for chow time. 11. The request for numbers of remaining trucks also height, width and length of each results in high hopes of everyone that moving will be soon. 12. False hopes again. Everyone disgusted and grumbling becoming a roar. T/5 Rhoden and T/5 Gruenke fire a few shots from rifle and was picked up by Captain of Ordance--rifles taken away and turned over to our Captain. Everything quiet once again--topic seems to be what will happen to Rhoden and Gruenke. 14. Special Orders have come through reducing T/5s Rhoden and Gruenke to grade of Private. 15. News of invasion of Southern France was greeted enthusiastically by all. Rumors as to our first shipment of EM and trucks on way to France. 16. Request for names of remaining personnel and the numbers of all remaining trucks leads to hopes of our shoving off soon. 17. Nothing doing. 18. Remaining trucks and five EM leave for embarkation. 19. Usual hanging around awaiting news as to our moving which shouldn't be too far off now. 20. News has fairlly come through as to our moving today. Leave Santa Maria at 1215 hrs and arrive on Beach at Bagnoli at 1330 hrs. Hang around Beach until 1730 hrs and then board U.S. LST 1010. Deck cluttered with vehicles and sleeping quarters are any place in between them. Movie on board in Evening. 21. Wake up at 0600 hrs and have chow at 0800 hrs, so far no complaints as to the food. Chow again at 1230 hrs and the remainder of day lounging around Deck. Pull away from Dock only to anchor in Harbor. Two men to be supplied for detail and one Man for KP daily. Wind up the day with a movie aboard. False alert resulted in covering of Harbor by smoke bombs. 22. Usual details--Morning very dull. Radio operators practicing code with blinker light. Pull out of Harbor of Bagnoli at 1730 hrs and underway. 23. Usual details--rumors as to the fall of Paris and a new invasion around Bordeaux. 24. Nothing Doing. 25. Land sighted--Sardinia & Corsica. French coast sighted at 1200 hrs and everyone preparing for debarkation. Finally debark after some trouble with hitting sandbars and on our way to bivouac Area to join up with the first contingent of Men at 1430 hrs. 26. Back to C rations once again--eighteen British EM attached to us for rations. Most of EM take advantage of a good swim in harbor. Now awaiting news of our moving on. Meet up with Lt. Eakers and hear that they are moving on the morrow. 27. All trucks in running condition, now ready to shove off. Moving on the morrow--replacing NEW YORK Unit at Le Muy, France. 28. Moving delayed for a day giving everyone time for packing their bags. 29. Shove off at 0900 hrs--stuck on road outside of San Tropez--van losing air. Finally underway again after an hour of puttering around. Arrive at Bivouac Area in Le Muy at 1300 hrs. set up tents and portable kitchen, detail of Men working setting up Unit. 30. Men on Unit near complete--in operations tonight. Men report Unit not functioning properly. 31. Unit working satisfactory with exception of IFF which isn't in operations. Midnight crew reports heavy traffic during night. Mail run by Lt. Johnson was unsuccessful for there was no mail. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Battalion CALIFORNIA DetachmentAugust 1944 Prepared by Robbie D. Barnes, 2nd Lt. APO 318 18 Usual details and guards posted. Truck made run to Naples taking Cpl. Engesser to Signal Depot on business. Truck used to take Men swimming in the afternoon and to the movies at 593 SAW Bn Hdq in the evening. Pfc Merle Fowler rejoined the Platoon from DS in Naples. Mess was at R & R Maintenance. The days work on the Unit consisted chiefly of the installation of two mentilation fans, one in the console and one in the antenna mount "Blister" Trouble developed on the A & R scopes. This was analogized and eliminated. 19 A light rainstorm early in the morning caused the Men to leave their Breakfast hurridly and return to Bivouac Area to tie down the tents. After the rain the area was policed and daily details performed. Lt. Friedlander the Platoon a visit in the morning and made an informal inspection of the Bivouac Area. In the afternoon, an installation crew from the Signal Depot in Naples brought out and installed VHF Radio Communications equipment. The Unit was visited and inspected by Major Goldman, Radar Officer of the M.T.O., Capt. Right, A.A.F.S.C., M.T.O., Lt. Palmer of the 907th Signal Depot, Dr. Curtis and Mr. Chaffee, Civilian Engineers. They were checking progress of the set and completing arrangement for calibration flight. 20 In the early morning hours, a skirmish took place on the outskirts of camp between two Italian females. One a partisan and the other a collaborationist. Low flying clouds prevented observation, but damage and casualties were reported. The truck made a run to Sta. Maria C.V. carrying personnel to Church Services. Pvt. Gross returned to the Platoon from Bn. Hdq. where he has been engaged in Special Service Activities for some time. In the afternoon the truck took personnel to Caserta to go swimming and in the evening to movies at 593 Bn. Hdq. Work continued on the Unit until about two hours to get it in shape for Calibration Flight. Altimeter was adjusted. Trouble developed in the PPI Power Supply when the high voltage transformer broke down. Adjustment was made on the Range Potentiometer. 21 Usual details performed and area policed. In the afternoon the truck made a run to Naples taking Lt. Barnes and Enlisted personnel to the Signal Depot on business for a visit to the city. In the morning the anxiously awaited test flight for the Unit to take place. The flight took place under the direction of Capt. Thomas. Calibration Officer of M.T.O. It was more a technical test flight than a Calibration Flight. A B-25 twin engine Light Bomber was used. Results were not as good as was expected however valuable information was obtained on operation of the SCR-615. Results of Height Finding tests were very good and maximum range was 65 miles. The IFF equipment operation was very good and only minor adjustments in calibration were necessary. 22 Usual truck runs made and details performed. Nothing out of the ordinary occured during the day. Regular Operations were started on the set, beginning at eight o'clock in the morning and closing down at 2200 hours. The PPI Scope High Voltage Transformer burned out and was replaced. Noise factor readings were taken and TR and Anti-TR Box was checked. 23 Bivouac Area policed and usual details performed. Guards posted according to schedule. On the Unit, Operations continued. Oscillations were eliminated from the "Keep Alive" voltage by substituting values of resistor in the TR Tube Holder. The Klystron was replaced. Noise reading was taken using several Crystals without desired results. PPI Power supply was installed. 24 Lt. Castle and five EM, Gigiotti, Kuruzovie, Delgado, Dipaolo and Polo began preparations to leave on DS for purpose of delivering trucks to a Unit in Corsica. In the evening they went to Naples - picked up the vehicles returning to the area for the night. The truck made a run to Naples on business. Usual details performed and guards posted. A telephone line was installed from the Unit to the Orderly Room tent by Cpl. Gilhofer. Men continued to enjoy a supply of beer which came from the States. There was enough to allow each man six bottles. Morale of the Platoon is generally excellent and work is being done with an absolute minimum of friction. On the Unit. Operation continued. The morning maintenance work consisted of completely disassembling the Wobbler and Wobbler Motor. The Wobbler Motor bearing were found to be defective. Operations continued without use of Wobbler. War Diary 582th SAW NEW YORK DetachmentSeptember 1944 Prepared by Alberto R. Luna, 2nd Lt. 30 IDAHO on the air, and we off. A pretty good Aug arrangement, was with the Men, with the lone exception of the guard, could have a full night's sleep. Weather fine, and morale at its peak. 31 Same as above. Aug 1 Lt. and driver went to Hq. While at Hq., they found out Sept that they should have received a message that the previous evening to pack up and move. Ordered to return and move. Picked up gas for the move and returned. At the site, learned that the Unit had gone on the air at 1400 (IDAHO went off the air for four hours maintenance) and had burned up a HV PPI transformer. Orders are Orders, so we packed nevertheless. All packed and ready to go, and Pvt. Clark hadn't returned from Pass. Pass was good till 2130, but luckily he came back early. Finally got underway at 2100 hours. Had a long trip ahead of us, and had been told to be there by 1500 the next day. Traveled through Le Luc and towards Aix. About 15 miles short of Aix, came upon the tail of a long, slow British convoy. For that reason, and because we spied a good place to pull in for the night, we pulled into a grassy field and broke out our bedding rolls. 2 Up at the crack of dawn, a cup of hot coffee, and off Sept again. The roads were excellent and wide, and we made knots. Through Aix to Avignon where we encountered a not-too-bad detour and a bit of rain. Crossed the Durance River on a FFI-built bridge and continued up to Orange. Stopped at Orange to fix a leakey water hose. More rain, in buckets, but we fooled it. We found shelter in a garage (FFI). Had lunch there also, and the FFI brought us bread to replace the K ration crackers. By the time the water hose was fixed, we had done so well that all the Men got a kiss from the Village Belle as a parting salute. Arrived in Loriol about 1700 and found MICHIGAN parked along the road. Pulled up ahead of them and found that the bridge across the Drome was out, and that the rains had swollen the stream so that it couldn't be forded. Lt. Virolli was out scouting out the situation. Shortly, Lt. Viroilli returned and announced that, so far as he could find out at the moment there was no nearby crossing. As a storm was approaching, we decided to move the Units into a park where the Units could set up under a shed, and try again the next day. While in the park, OKLAHOMA and CONNECICUT pulled in, attracted by the signs on the road, and camped with us. Storm hit us, and wet us. Passed just at dusk, and the moon came out brighter than ever, but cold. 3 Lt. set out with the CO's of the other three Units in Sept Lt. Lott's jeep right after breakfast in order to find not only a crossing, but OPS 2 as well. They cut cross-country and finally crossed on a solid bridge at crest. Back to the main road, and up towards Valence. On the outskirts of the town, they met Lt. Whitlock coming the other way. Also met TEXAS on the road. Lt. Whitlock told us to come across the River and meet him in Bourg, and he would take us up to OPS 2, which was much further up than we had been told to look. NEW YORK followed MICHIGAN to Bourg, and then realized how much more mobile a 602 is that a 584, as a trip which would normally have taken us two hours, took just about the whole day. Weather was fine and cool. The Men were still jolly, but were beginning to want a chance to settle down. 4 Arrived at a Bivouac Area near OPS 2 at 0230. Threw our Sept cots out, and were asleep in two shakes. The slow trip had made the ride more tedious for us than all the rest of the trip. At 1115 hours, Lt. Scott took us to our new site at Miplaine, three miles South of Le Grande Lemps. Set up on an open field, with tents all in the shade of trees not far from the Van. All pyramidal tents were set up as we'd grown to distrust French weather. Radar was ready to go on the air at 1700 hours. OPS 2 was believed still setting up, so contrary to common practice, we did not broadcast plots till we heard from them. The weather was fair but cool. The Men anxious to get back to the old routine. 5 Operational at 1100 hours, but at reduced efficiency (no Sept PPI). Site looked fine, despite an alarming number of PE's. The Men had perked up considerably, now that they could get into their barracks bags again. Weather overcast and cold. Field jacket weather. Lt. told the Men that whoever wished to put on OD's could do so. 6 T/5 Lopez found that a number of the farmhands about Sept speak Spanish. Hence, we have fresh spuds, fresh milk in the mornings, fresh eggs every once in a while, our laundry done and plenty of social life in the nearby towns. A dance has already been arranged for Sunday night in the nearby town of Yzeau. Morale tip-top despite threatening weather. 7 One of those miserable rainey days, and still plenty Sept cool. The Men have found that the homes around are warm, cozy and clean and not a chance is wasted by any of them to visit. The Natives seem tickeled pink to have us. Cooks find their chow additionally augmented by fresh bread made by the baker in Yzeau and fresh tomatoes and onions. 8 Lt. and driver went up to Grenoble to look for gas. The Sept situation might become critical in short order. Came back with a total of 100 gal, a fair haul. On the way back, met Col. McKnown who had just visited Unit. Col. was not displeased -- I hope. Lt. Scott came in the early evening with a replacement for our burned out PPI transformer, put it in, and had hardly gotten set up when the direct drive broke down. Sheered a pin. Hence, continued in operation except at reduced performance. 9 For some reason, the dance was set forward a night and Sept was held tonight. A good time was had by all. Since it's verboten to dance, it had to be held in a private home. The weather continues cool, but is drying up somewhat. 10 Found that TEXAS has a spare PPI drive cable. Took a Sept trip up there and borrowed it. At 2025 hours, PPI had been adjusted and we were on the air at full performance. Weather getting better every moment. Morale excellent. 11 1110 QM finally gave us B rations. It's sure a welcome Sept treat. 10 in 1's have only half PX rations, and some of the Men had been running short of smokes. 12 Lt. West visited camp to see if he could improve Sept communications. Otherwise, the day was pretty quiet. 13 Capt. Schiff and Lt. Barta visited camp. Sort of a Sept semi-inspection. Didn't seem too displeased. Wanted PPI diagram and Spotted Dog, which hadn't been made out as yet. 14 Sent PPI (PE) diagram and Spotted Dog into Hq and tried Sept to learn more on the rumor that they thought that our IFF wasn't working. Seems we can't picke it up in transports. Believe they're not all equipped. 15 Red letter day. Mail arrived in a large bag. Capt. Sept Evans, Capt Feit and company dropped in on their way to OPS 2, and brought it along, all the way from back there. First mail in better than three weeks. Morale superior. Lt. West came that evening in order to check up on some noise we had been having from our radio HV. of course, it had disappeared, and so he couldn't determine the cause. Started raining about sundown and continued through the night. Pvt Hihm came back to the Unit. Was brought up with Capt. Evans. Also with Capt. Evans was T/5 Ward, one of the original NEW YORK boys, now with OKLAHOMA. 16 Rain stopped in the Morning, and then Mr. Moran visited Sept camp with the payroll. In addition to an absence of money in the camp. Of course, we still have to wait a couple of weeks, but it's good to know that we're going to get paid this month. In the Afternoon, Corp. Cohen somehow managed to gather the ingredients and made us some ice cream. Rather ingenious, I think. About 1500 hours we had vanilla, sort of an experiment, and after it was successful, we had chocolate for Supper, for dessert. Heard a crash again last night. Once again, Pvt Larkin was on pass, and T/Sgt Susha grabbed the First Aid Kit. We hopped into the Weapons Carrier and rushed to the spot. There, by the side of the road, was a wrecked little French sedan. The windshield was completely gone. We saw, by the light of our headlight, one man reaching in the door on the driver's side. Expected him to come out with a body, but all he had in his hand was a crank. There has been a British Paratrooper Captain, a French driver and a Russian driver, all sitting in the front seat. One or all of them had pushed his head right through the windshield, and yet not a one of them was hurt. (Wonder what sort of a lesson that teaches). They actually started the machine again, altho it looked a wreck, and continued on their way. 17 Capt. Evans and Capt Feit stopped on their way back to Sept Bn. and gave us the welcome news that finding an abandoned Jerry vehicle is legal, so now it can be told. We have a beauty of a Radio Van, picked up in Le Muy. It was originally an Ambulance and is plenty roomey, with a soft spring-cushion seat in the rear for the boys to sit on while working. We found it on our trip up here that it can out run any vehicle we have, and give us less trouble. It was apparently a legacy to us from the Paratroopers who worked so well down there in Le Muy. The weather today has been one damp drizzle after another with the clouds higher than our radio antenna. Still, there was a good showing at Church today and the boys are braving the weather to keep those Sunday Dinner appointments which they have made. Could be that it' sworth a little extra dampness if, at the end, you can find a dry spot. Some of the Men have found a County Fair nearby, and are having fun trying to put little hoops over the necks of champagne bottles, as yet, none of them has succeeded. 18 The pitter-patter of the rain on the roof is getting to Sept be a familiar refrain around here. Blankets and clothing are changing from damp to dripping. Think it's time to begin looking for dry and warm spots when we move. The weather has gotten to the point where a house would be much more desirable in many respects that tents. Was far-sighted enough the other day to ask Capt. Evans to get the opinions of the ones who decide such issues.-- The boys were wondering what happened to all the bees which had been hanging around the kitchen. Well, the Lt. found out when he reached into the box of candy which had been sent him. Serves him right for being a hog. -- Had an invasion of the cows which hang around this pasture. They came up outside our kitchen, one ate a bar of GI soap and another started drinking the hot soapy water. Weather was too wet for Vino or Mike who normally keep them away, so Pfc Barry Subbed, chasing them away with an empty gas can, perhaps a little unordothodox, but effective.--Now that the weather is cooling off, the jeep motor is running hot. One of the water hoses seems too soft. May be the trouble. Will go scouting tomorrow, while going for rations.--Can no longer get gas in Grenoble. Will have to go to 332 Serv Gp. 19 The Sun came out for a few hours in the middle of the Sept day and allowed us to dry at least some of our wet stuff. Then, clouded over again, and started the old familiar drizzle. A classic in the use of interpreters. The farmer on whose land we're staying came out today to ask us not to bury our cans and garbage. He said that he would come each morning and cart it away. Somehow, his French is very difficult to understand for us, so he said his piece to another Frenchman who would translate it into Spanish, and Pfc Geroianni would take it from there and give the English. Such a simple request as that took ten minutes by this means, which is par for the course with any Frenchman, so I think we all did okay. We're swamped with bees. The French claim that we're the only ones in the country with any sugar, and so we have all the bees from miles about visiting us. I believe them. Another dance in the evening, at some private home. Even more successful that the last. 20 A little cloudy this AM, cleared up very nicely in the Sept evening. Another day like that and even the ground will dry up. Not too much mud on the ground, though, despite the rain. -- Lt. went to OPS 2 and picked up mail. Add to that the fact that there was another dance in town in the evening, and you can feel certain that there was nothing wrong with the morale of the Men. Seems there will be a dance from now on whenever a couple of fellows and Girls get together. Around here, the Men don't go out singley to meet the Gals, but meet them in groups. Much more healthy that way. Have not been able to locate an Ordance around in order to see if we can make the jeep motor run cooler, but the motor is running cooler, nevertheless. Perhaps it was some foreign matter in the water system which was cleared when Pfc Geroianni flushed it. 21 A beautiful day, full of nothing but sunshine. The Sept dampness is just about gone. The bees, which had thinned out in the kitchen have come back again.--Sgt Susha went down to Grenoble and picked up some sorely-needed winter clothing. Think we're ready, just in case this War does last longer than we expect. 22 Another day of sunshine, and things are pretty nearly Sept back to normal. The boys, encouraged by the weather, and by the young Ladies in the nearby towns, have taken to shinning shoes as never before. Sent Pvt Toland for rations. Came back with some pretty good stuff. Jeep motor running hot again. We feel pretty sure now that it's due to deterioration of the rubber hose. We'll change over to the PE's tomorrow during maintenance, and check it. -- Finally decided to tie Mike and Vino evvery night. They're too good guards to get rid of, but have taken to wandering at night. Farmers say that they're scattering their flocks.--A wedding in town on Sunday. Wonder just how much of a feast it'll be. Some of the boys are going in tomorrow to help decorate the house at which the reception is to be held. Guess we're in solid with the gentry. Due to the fact that we've been acting like Saints around here. 23 Right back to the old drizzle weather. Hope it doesn't Sept last as long as it did the last time.--At 0130 hours, jeep motor stopped on account of water in the gas. Took that opportunity to change over to the PE's. This A.M. Pfc Geroianni took off the hose of the jeep motor, and we found that it had deteriorated so much as to be nearly stopped up. Also found that the reason why the motor didn't boil over when the thermometer read over 220 degrees is that the meter is wrong. Had figured that out anyway. Had assumed that the motor ran hot mainly because of the drop in oil pressure. Which hovered around 30 lb. Believe that a new hose will take care of the situation. Until we find one, the old one will do, now that we cleaned it out. 24 Cloudy in the morning, but brightened up several times Sept during the day. No rain, except for a few minutes about 2100 hours. Changed back to the Jeep motor during our regular maintenance. Running okay, we believe. A pretty good showing went to Church this morning, especially in view of the fact that Mass was earlier that usual. Think it can best be explained by the fact that all the Village Belles go to Church, and that after Mass is the most fruitful time to angle for a dinner invitation. 25 Fair weather just about all day, but the wind has Sept changed to the north and it's getting cold, typical late football weather. Not much unusual happened today except that the camp was visited by a ravishing blond, come to visit Pfc Tonn Et Al. Claimed to be a skier. Showing us how she keeps in condition for her skiing, she executed some excellent contortions, among them being the picking up of a cigarette from the floor without using her hands. Her way of doing it was to do a back-bend until her shoulders were touching her ankles. We gave her the cigarette for that feat. Shows to go you what lengths a Frenchman will go in order to have a decent smoke (it was a Twenty-Grand). 26 Vino, more woman than dog: veteran of five major Sept campaigns; Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, and Southern France: born Feb 1943, an Arab, died 25 Sept, 1944. An American K9: came through the shelling, bombing and strafing, but never learned to dodge a truck. That is what appeares on the headstone of our dog, Vino, killed by a motor vehicle at the railroad crossing at Iseaux, Province of Isere, France. NEW YORK isn't really the same without her, she's become such a part of our life. Mike, her son, born during an air raid in Naples, will grieve for her as long as we, I'm sure. He most certainly missed her on the invasion, when he came over on an LST and she on a Liberty Ship. Didn't see her for a couple of weeks, and pined. Seems pretty well down in the mouth now, too. Wonder how long it'll take him to get back to his old playful self. We'll all miss the old bitch, but Mike will help fill the gap. --Happy news, Toland came back with the fiirst fresh meat of the season from the ration dump, real steak meat, at that. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA, Detachment 24 to 30 Sept. 1944 Prepared by T/4 Julius Konradt Sept 24 Major Long visited the Unit this morning. A typical early Autumn day, slight Tang in the air, just enough sunshine to make it pleasent. Toward evening storm clouds gathered, wind freshened, and it started to rain. A hurry up job to stake down tents. A midnight foray on the kitchen to eat the rest of the pie baked by the cooks. 25 Major Long out to visit the Unit this Afternoon. 26 Supper proved to be an event. For the first time since coming to France, fresh meat was served. A pleasent change from the diet we have become accustomed to. 27 Just another rainy day. 28 Rain again. No unusual occurances. 29 An Autumn Tang in the air. Everyone is anxious about the coming Winter. All seemed resigned to the fact that we will spend the greater part of the Winter at least in this locality. So everyone is checking on his supply of woolen underware, O.D.s and keeping a eye peeled for stoves. 30 Very uneventful. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO DetachmentSeptember 1944 Prepared by Edward K. Osterberg, 2nd Lt. 1 Shortly after midnight, Radar PE broke down; remedied in several minutes. During daily maintenance, this PE was replaced in sevice by the Jeep unit. Also, another Radar transmitter tube was replaced. Orders to change radio frequency this evening. Could not contact I.C. on new assigned frequency (per our code). Recalled I.C. at former frequency for number of Kc. of new frequency "C-1". No response. Mess, morale, weather good. 2 I.C. refuses to furnish information on frequency rest of the night. Used new frequency until daily maintenance. From then to noon, local interference blocked contact. Ration run to Le Loc this morning. Went to I.C at noon to eliminate mix-up. New frequency code obtained from Capt. Erickson. Said Unit should have received message to move. Contacted Ops 2 & 64th Ftr. Wing message centers, both Crypt. sections, Gen. Barcus' office, and Col. Speir concerning validity of message. Col. Speir cleared the issue; we should have not received the message. Also picked up gas. No contact rest of day due to atmospheric condition. Heavy rain storm tonight. Radio PE drowned out for 2 hours. Mess, morale, satisfactory. 3 Early this morning, radio PE had broken flywheel key. Finally contacted I.C. at 1030. No daily maintenance today. Replaced another bad Radar transmitter tube this morning. Visit by Radar & Radio Maint. technician this afternoon. Made casual check of Radar unit today. Unpacked cargo truck this evening. Mess, morale, weather satisfactory. 4 Cargo truck went to Ordance this morning to have front end shimmy corrected. Called for 3 hour maintenance this morning for Radar overhaul. Request refused at first. Nothing wrong with Radar except weak tube in calibrating circuit. We do not have tube tester in working condition. Cargo truck back this evening in worse shape. To be repaired tomorrow. Mess, morale, weather very satisfactory. 5 Cargo truck sent to Ordance again this morning. Radar PE trouble this morning. Diesel oil had been used; issued by error at gas dump. Attempted to relay message for 32X late this morning could not get through. Weekly maintenance held today as scheduled. Cargo truck back tonight. Repaired. Picked up gas on return trip. Lost radio contact late tonight due to local interference. Mess, morale, weather very satisfactory. 6 No radio contact until dawn. Excellent operation from then till daily maintenance; and then till late at night when contact was lost again. Ration run to Le Loc today. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 7 Daily maintenance as scheduled. Then lost contact for 15 minutes. Message received this morning. Necessary to have repeat due to local interference. Impossible to decode message. 6 settings of M-209 employed without success. Finally, this evening, received clear text Order to move into St. Tropez. Packed Radar, Radio and most of Unit equipment tonight. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 8 Moved from Cap Benat early this morning; area policed throughly. Convoy run to St. Tropez. Heavy trucks held outside St. Tropez until Bivouac location was determined. Message had been inadequate. Bivouaced early this afternoon at 64th Ftr. Wing Radar Area. Only 4 pyramidal tents set up due to loss of center pole on the LST. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 9 Sent W/C to Ordance in attempt to obtain wood members damaged during loading on Liberty Ship at Naples. W/C went to Hq. this evening to check on Orders, mail. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 10 Working on front of cargo truck today. Same trouble. Ration run to Le Loc this morning. All trash left in area prior to our occupation burried. Visit by Capt. Evans this afternoon. French Civilian brought into camp this evening with cut wrist artery. Given emergency treatment and rushed to 64th Ftr. Wing Medics. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 11 W/C sent for gas and water this morning. Weekly reports prepared this morning. W/C went to Signal Depot near St. Maxime for meter & flashlight batteries; also to Salvage Dump near St. Tropez for lumber for Mess Tables; also to APO to send packages. 12 Began overhaul of W/C today: smashed woodwork repaired. Run to Hq. this evening for mail. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 13 W/C rubbed down with gas-oil mixture. W/C went for water and to Ordance; center pole (4x4) for supply tent obtained on thisrun. Run to Hq. for mail. GI center pole obtained from supply. Supply tent erected and joined to kitchen tent this evening. Packed with cargo on cargo truck. Mess Tables & benches set up. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 14 Ration run to Le Loc this morning. Found Dump had moved 400 mi. North. Referred to Dump at Frejus. Picked up rations there (all 10-in-1). Cargo truck went to Ordance for greasing. Obtained O.D. paint and emery cloth on this run. Mess, morale fair. Weather cloudy. 15 W/O sent to Bn. Motor Pool for grease job. Cargo truck went on short test run. Visit by Lt. Taylor of Bn. Hq. who needed leather for pump washers. Run to Hq, for mail, Orders if any. Mess, morale fair. Weather cloudy. 16 Visit by Beach Section Chaplain this morning who posted Church Notice. W/C went for water and mail. 110 volt PE broke down today due to accidental use of Diesel oil. Mess, morale good. Weather cloudy 17 Visit by EM of 64th Hq. who used our M-209 code for this month; in-as-much as this section had been left to operate without a code. Run to Hq. this evening to turn in reports, obtain mail & air mail envelope, check on glasses for one Man, and check on gas mask cannisters. Mess, morale, weather very good. 18 Run to Frejus this morning for rations and gas. Heavy rain from dawn to noon. Order from Frejus to turn in woolen clothing requisition tomorrow. Sgt Garvey handling this as to obtaining needs of each Man. New garbage pit and Latrine dug. Old Latrine closed up. Cargo truck took 2 Men to 164th Gen. Hosp. for glasses & teeth. Run to Hq. for mail this evening. Clothing request for woolens prepared tonight. Mess, morale good. Weather fair. 19 Run to Frejus to turn in wollen clothing requisition. Also turned in 2 bad gas masks for new ones. Picked up gas. 5 Men left this morning on overnight pass to Marseilles. Transportation furnished by 82nd F.C. Received our own cargo truck today. Turned over Hq. truck in exchange. Run to Cavalier Beach for lumber for radio trailer. Run to Hq for mail. Picked up abandoned plywood at 64th Ftr. Wing. Fairly cloudy during day. Storm tonight. Mess, Morale satisfactory. 20 Working on new body for radio trailer today. Working on superstructure of cargo truck today. Run to Ordance near St. Tropez for new bow holder. Unable to remove wood from old one. Run to Hq. this evening for mail, check on Orders. Mess fair. Morale good. Light rain tonight. 21 Work continued on radio and cargo truck. Trailer painted this afternoon. Men on Pass to Marseilles arrived today. Lateness due to lack of scheduled transportation yesterday. Run to Hq. for mail, check on Orders. Mess, Morale, weather good. 22 Ration run to Frejus this morning. Working on door of radio trailer today. Sanding down the cargo truck for new paint job. Visit by Lts. Taylor & Thompson of Bn. Hq. Run to 164th Gen. Hosp. for Dental Work on one Man. Refused: will only take emergency work (as of several days ago). Movie tonight at Bn. Mess, Morale, weather very satisfactory. 23 Painting cargo truck and Radar truck today. Also finishing up with the door of the radio trailer. New refuse pit and latrine pit dug today. Run to Hq. for mail, any Orders. Preparing data this afternoon on movements of each Man from Africa to France. Requested at Bn. Hq. this morning. Run to St. Tropez this evening to arrange for ice, will pick up tomorrow. Visit by Capt. Evans today. Mess, morale, weather excellent. HEADQUARTERS 582th Signal AW Battalion APO 650 US Army AG 314.7 6 October 1944 SUBJECT: Historical Records TO : Commaning General, XII Tactical Air Command APO 374 US Army. 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion for the period 1 September to 30 September 1944: a. Present Designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: (1) Changes in designation, assignment, or attachment. (a) Changes in designation: None. (b) Changes in assignment: None. (c) Changes in attachment: None. (2) Subordinate Units: None. (3) Changes in Commanding Officer: None. (4) Changes in Staff Officers: None. (5) Changes in T/O: T/O has been reduced by 7 privates. c. Strength Commissioned and Enlisted: (1) Month of September. (a) At Beginning ( 62) Off. ( 8) WO (992) EM (b) Net Decrease ( 2) EM (c) At End ( 62) Off. ( 5) WO (990) EM d. Changes in station. (1) Southern France. (a) Dates of arrival: 15th of August 1944 and continued thru the 19th of September 1944. (b) Began departure from S. Maria Staging Area, Italy, in small units at a time, from the 1st of the month of August and continued loading of LST's with first echelon personnel and equipment until the Invasion Force sailed. After the invasion took place, movement of organization was continued thru September, as shipping space became available. Landing of G.O. Company in Marseille completed the move of the entire organization from Italy. e. Movements: (1) From S. Maria Staging Area, Italy to Southern France. (a) Purpose - Participation in Invasion and campaign of Southern France. (b) Groups of organizations began departure from Staging Area in the early part of August, boarding Ships and sailed for the D-Day landings in Southern France. Movement was continued throughout the month and into September until the final echelon of the organization landed in France on the 19th of September. (c) The movement was made by boat, British and American LST's and Liberty Ships. (d) A distance of approximately 300 miles traveled in movement by water. The trip on the whole was good, uneventful, and the weather was fair. f. Campaigns: (1) Name: Southern France. (2) Duration: Still in progress. g. Operations: No change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Former and present members who have distinguished themselves in action: None this period. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 September to 30 September 1944. For the Commanding Officer: s/Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Ass't Adjutant Santa Maria Staging Area September 1944 APO 650 US Army 1 Fri Weather fair. In France NEW YORK Unit began to move to Ops #2 leaving their site entirely to IDAHO Unit. IDAHO Unit reports that their traffic in France is very heavy, averaging over 400 plots on the first day. 2 Sat Weather fair. Activities in Staging Area normal. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 1000 hours. General Barcus today paid a visit to IDAHO Unit; a test message was sent, and everything seemed to be satisfactory. "Girl Trouble" was the film shown at the 593rd this evening. 3 Sun Weather warm and cloudy, with rain in the afternoon. NEW YORK Unit still on the road to Ops #2. The delay in this trip which should have been made in a day was due to adverse weather, encountered yesterday in Loriol, a bridge which was washed out by a swollen stream and the stream couldn't be forded. Here Units OKLAHOMA, CONNECTICUT, and MICHIGAN met, also on the move. The stream was finally crossed on a solid bridge at another section and the Unit was on its way. A movie "The Great Moment" was shown in the 82nd Area to personnel still remaining in S. Maria. 4 Mon Weather fair and cooler. All personnel in Staging Area were alerted this mornimg, but didn't get off today. NEW YORK Radar Unit arrived at Ops #2 and in the afternoon were taken to their new site at Miplaine, and became operational and were ready to go on the air at 1700 hrs. IDAHO Unit moved to new site, and were set up by night fall. A movie was shown this evening, "Thousands Cheer," in the S. Maria Staging Area to personnel still unfortunate to remain there. 5 Tue Weather fair and cool. Nothing further has developed in regard to our move from the Staging Area. NEW YORK Unit today became operational at 1000 hours; operating at reduced efficiency through the lack of PPI. 2nd Lt. Karl E. Righter returned from DS to XII TAC. Pfc Lyle W. Hinkle, Pfc John A. Thomas, Pvt William A. E. Lowry, and Pvt Raymond H. Renfro went on DS to 64th Ftr. Wing. The film, "Lady in The Dark," with Ginger Rogers and Ray Miland was shown by the 593rd in the Staging Area today. 6 Wed Weather fair. Pfc Ernest H. Mitchell, Cpl Irvin E. Grossman, T/5 David H. Denig, Cpl Lawrence G. Fritz, T/5 William B. Pence, G.O. Co., were attached to Reporting Co. 6 Officers, 1 WO, and 61 EM, Hq & Plot. Company were attached to Reptg. Co. were relieved from attachment there from and were attached to G.O. Company. S/Sgt Lloyd W. Leslie, Pfc Kenneth Towning, Pvt George A. Rynbergen, T/5 Ralph E. Faulkner, & Pvt Carl W. Wenning (Rptg. Co.) were place on DS to G.O. Company. Major Ben C. Ross, 2nd Lt. James N. Thompson, and Pvt. John R. Corley, Cpl. Walter M. Rebmann, T/5 Cecil L. Brain, T/5 Teniess Christine, T/5 Walter F. Potter, Pfc. Charles W. Busche, Pfc Salvatore J. Capri, Pfc. William J. Martin, and Pvt. Robert T. Reed were relieved from attachment to Reporting Company and were attached to G.O. Company. Captain Eldon E. Evans today returned from the Hospital and resumed Command of his L.W. Reporting Company; 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor was relieved. 8 Officers, 1 WO, and 67 EM including Headquarters of L.W. Reporting Company, Reporting Company and some Battalion Headquarters personnel were packed early in the morning to await movement to Assembly Area. Headquarters of Reporting Company left at 0845 as the first group, arriving at Port of Embarkation in Bagnolia, Italy at 1000 hours, and immediately boarded U.S. LST #655. The latter group of this echelon left the S. Maria Staging Area, finaly at 1100 hours and arrived at the TEXAS Assembly Area in Naples at 1300 hours, were immediately directed to the Docks and there boarded American LST #655 at 1500 hours. The ship stood in the harbor for approx. three hours, other LST's were loaded and the convoy sailed at 1800 hours, France bound. 7 Thu At Sea. Weather fair, slight showers in the afternoon. Captain George W. Schiff, 1st Lt. Russell D. Anderson, T/Sgt Burton W. Reeves, Jr., and Pvt. Kenneth J. Daley were placed on TD to the 64th Fighter Wing. T/4 Miles B. Gilmore, T/5 Isadore Goldstein, T/5 Edward Kunz, T/5 Floyd Thompson, and Pvt. Henry E. Nedrest returned to duty from DS to St. Tropez; will move tomorrow. 8 Fri At Sea, Weather cloudy with slight showers just before noon. Sea became rather rough in the late evening; several cases of sea sickness were noted, and yet the sailors informed us that it's nothing yet! Sardinia and Corsica were passed at 1200 hours. In France the OHIO Radar Unit moved to St. Tropez. There seems to be a very critical shortage of gasoline in France. 9 Sat St. Tropez, France. Weather fair. We arrived in France and were anchored in the harbor near St. Tropez at 1200 hours after traveling approximately 500 miles by water. Disembarked at Beau Vallon, France at 1800 hours; convoy was formed and proceeded to St. Tropez where the rest of the organization was bivouaced, approximately 10 miles from where we landed; arrived at Bivouac Area at dusk and due to the lateness of the hour nothing was done to establish a Bivouac tonight. 10 Sun Weather fair. Immediately after breakfast we began to get somewhat organized and settled. With considerable amount of physical exertion, areas for the Battalion Headquarters and for the quarters of personnel were cleared of the dense underbrush. Clearing of area and erection of the Battalion Headquarters took up the entire morning. After lunch the Areas for personal quarters were cleared and the tents were erected, thus completing the day. In the evening the picture "Flight For Freedom" was shown by the 64th Fighter Wing in their Area. 11 Mon Weather fair. The location of the present Bivouac Area being at a higher altitude in a rather mountainous heavily wooded region the temperature does not become uncomfortably warm even during mid-day; the evenings at times are rather chilly. The laundry situation here, it seems, will be a problem; people do not clamour for G.I. laundry as they did in Italy, and when they do accept any as a favor they prefer any kind of food in payment rather than money. Sgt Byron G. Spanski, T/4 William A. Bachman, T/4 Miles B. Gilmore, T/5 Thomas J. Boyce, T/5 Vonnie B. Burns, Isadore J. Goldstein, T/5 Edward Kunz, Pfc Daniel A. Cashorali, and Pvt. Henry E. Nedrest went to TD 346th Sig. Co., Wing. Captain George W. Schiff, 1st Lt. Russell D. Anderson, T/Sgt Burton W. Reeves, Jr., and Pvt. Kenneth J. Daley returned to duty with 64th Fighter Wing. Todate all personnel who had been attached from one Company TD another within the organization for convenience in moving have now been returned to their own organization. G.O. Company, with the exception of 6 men, the only part of the organization still remaining in Italy, left their Staging Area in S. Maria at 0730 hours and proceeded by motor convoy to DALLAS Assembly Area, arriving there at 1030 hours. At 1830 hours they left the Assembly Area enroute to the Docks where they embarked at 2230 hours on the S.S. Joseph T. Dickman. The six G.O. men remaining in Italy are to be the nucleus of another 615 Unit which is expected to be formed in the future. Captain Merrill today visited his Units. 12 Tue Weather fair. Operations normal. Pvt. Edmund J. Altvater went on TD with 346th Sig. Co., Wing. Sgt Thomas B. Georgens, and Sgt. RoyJ. Jorgensen, on DS to the 87 Fighter Wing, were transferred to the 87 Fighter Wing as of the 5th. Captain George W. Treese (Chap.) went on a period of TD to the Holy Land (Palestine). 13 Wed Weather cool and cloudy; showers, a slight intermittent drizzle in the morning and late afternoon. Captain Feit and Captain Evans with 1st Sgt. Doerge and driver; Pvt. Henninger, left early this morning on a tour of the Units. T/5 Lawrence M. Ward was sent to OKLAHOMA Unit, and Pvt. Vernon H. Hihm went to NEW YORK Unit today. T/5 Floyd Thompson was placed on TD with 346th Sig. Co., Wing. Pvts. Preihs, Cohea, Goenak, Saracino, McCoy, and Burton were sent to Ops #1. 14 Thu Weather fair and cool. Mr. Moran left early this morning to visit the Units with the payrolls. Lt. Col. Speir left early this morningon a trip to observe a new prospective Area further inland, and returned rather late in the evening. 15 Fri Weather fair. Lt. Col. Wilbert A. Speir left this morning to go to the Forward Ops. It is rumored that we will move soon to a new location in the vicinity of the Forward Ops. It is believed that the organization will operate in conjunction with the Ninth Air Force in this campaign. G.O. Company is still on board the S.S. Dickman, and still lingering in Italy. J. A. Cook, Dieterman, Wilbourn, Fleming, Robinette, Sturges, Steinway, Henthorne, Barr, and Finkle were sent to forward Ops. The film "The Falcon and The Co-Eds" was shown this evening, but in our own Motor Pool Area. 16 Sat Weather fair. Camp duties normal. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 1000 hours. 17 Sun Weather cloudy with slight showers in the afternoon. Pfc Lyle W. Hinkle, Pfc John A. Thomas, Pvt. William A. E. Lowry, and Pvt. Raymond H. Renfro returned to duty from DS 64th Fighter Wing, Sgt. Joseph J. Byrne, T/5 W. J. Carlisle, Pfc Herschell B. Laird, and Pfc Mark J. Welch went on TD to 346th Sig. Co. Wing. G. O. Company sailed for France this evening, left Naples Harbor at 1800 hours. 18 Mon Weather cloudy and cool with rain in the morning. Captain Feit returned from the Units late this evening. 8, 2 & 1/2's, water tank, 2 399 Vans and trailers, 3 wreckers, 4 diesels, 1 W/C, Ambulance, Dental Van, 2, 4 wheel vans, and 4, 1 ton trailers arrived this afternoon with some personnel from Italy. 19 Tue Weather cloudy, cool and windy. The S.S. Joseph T. Dickan arrived in Marseille Harbor at 1600 hours this afternoon; our personnel unloaded and camped in Marseille for the night. 20 Wed Weather clear and warm. Operations normal. A physical examination of personnel was made at 0900 hours. In the afternoon G.O. Company personnel arrived from Marseille. Mr. Moran returned from the Units with payrolls. 21 Thu Weather fair. Major Harold R. Long, Major Ben C. Ross, (M.C.), and 1st Lt. Melvin A. Armstrong left early this afternoon to go to the Forward Ops., 64th Fighter Wing. In the evening the films, "The Navy Way," and "Hi Good Lookin" were shown at the 82nd Ftr. Cont. Sqdn. The same two pictures will be shown in our Area tomorrow. 22 Fri Weather fair. Operations normal. Trips to Marseille, truck leaving at 0800 hours and to start back at 1900 hours, were begun for those interested in going. It was learned today that 1st Lt, Robert M. Buchanan died on the morning of the 20th at French Hospital Des Genetts, Quai Gailleton, Lyon, France. Death was caused by gunshot wounds perforating the posterior of both sides of the chest including both lungs and bilateral hemotherax. Lt. Buchanan was accidentally killed by gunshots fired by FFI Guards at Palace Edgar Quinot, Lyon while driving Civilian vehicle. Investigation of the death will be made. A training program has been i naugurated for all personnel in the Area; included in the program ar six hours of basic drill per week which was begun today. The hours of drill are to be from 0900 to 1000 hours in the morning and from 1300 to 1400 hours in the afternoon daily except Sunday, and all personnel will participate. T/5 Charles H. Kamps was sent on DS to KANSAS Unit. Cpl. Lawrence G. Fritz, Cpl. Irvin E. Grossman, T/5 Clarence J. Abrams, Jr., T/5 Sylvan L. Anthony, T/5 Richard H. Baldwin, T/5 Mitchell were sent to the Forward Ops. 23 Sat Weather fair. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 0930 hours. Movement of organization has now been completed with the exception of 6 EM still remaining in Italy as a nucleus for another 615 Unit. "Seven Days Ashore" was shown in our Radar maintenance area this evening. 24 Sun Weather fair and warm. Operations normal. Inspection 0930. The picture "The Mask of Dimitrious" was shown this evening in our Radar and Radio maintenance Area. 25 Mon Weather fair; it has suddenly become rather chilly, just overnight it seems. Normal camp activities. Units are now all in operation. 26 Tue Weather fair and warm. Captain Eldon E. Evans went on TD to XII TAC; 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor, Jr. assigned Command of Company. Cpl. James H. Overholt went on TD to XII TAC. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Special Service Officer, has decided to set up an EM Club in part of the Chateau, if space can be found, when and if it is ascertained that we will remain at this Area any length of time; he would also requisition, if possible, the use of the Theater in St. Tropez for movies --it only remains to be seen whether we move soon or remain here for a while. This evening the pictures "Princess O'Rourke" and "Du Barry Was a Lady" were shown in our Radar maintenance area. 27 Wed Weather fair. Pvt. Bruce F. Lancaster & Pvt. Clark M. Warner were sent to the Forward Ops. Fried Chicken for Lunch today; --This was the first fresh meat since we've been here, perhaps our rations will begin to impove now. Today marks the anniversity of the second year of overseas duty for the majority of the personnel of this organization, most of whom have come from the former 560th, 561st and 562nd Signal Air Warning Battalions, to form the 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion. 28 Thu Weather fair and cool. Normal camp duties. Major Long returned from the Forward Ops today, but will be going back in a day or two. Captain George W. Treese (Chap) returned today from Palestine. S/Sgt Richard E. Robinette, Cpl. Robert R. Bowlby, T/5 Robert W. Ray, and Pfc Zachary C. Soltan went on TD to XII TAC. Sgt. Robert M. Keim, Sgt Wilbert C. Pecht, T/5 Richard E. Barr, T/5 Alfred B. Edelson, Pfc Curtiss H. Steinway, Pfc Julius H. Finkel, and Pvt Harold Sturges have gone on TD to the927 Signal Battalion. The film "Take it Big" was shown in our Radar maintenance area today. 29 Fri Weather fair. Camp duties normal. Trips to Nice were begun this morning; Marseille trips were being discontinued since it is believed that the majority have been there, and the rest show no desire of wishing to see Maseille. The Special Service Officer, 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, with 1st Lt. Walter Parks has arranged for a dance to be held in St. Tropez for the organization next Tuesday, 3 October. Pvt Bruce F. Lancaster, G.O. Company, went to the Forward Ops. The picture shows this evening in the Radar and Radio Mainteance area was "The Hairy Ape". 30 Sat Weather fair. Camp activities normal. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 0930 hours. A physical inspection of personnel was made. The training program is still being continued. There was noted a slight improvement in our rations this week. Major Harold R. Long, T/4 Earle W. Brockman, and Pfc James W. Fraisure went on TD to XII TAC. A Battalion training schedule consisting of basic drill, discipline, military courtesy, etc. was made up and is to go into effect Monday. Program is arranged to total 25 hours of training a week, and all personnel are to participate. An club was erected today, housed in a large hutment. So far only a little beer ia available, but in the future there will be wine, mixed and other drinks. Trips to Nice were discontinued because of a lack of transportation and drivers; it also seems to be off limits to all Air Corps personnel. The Morale of the entire organization has been excellent for the period. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Battalion Detachent of INDIANA October 1944 Prepared by Floyd I. Edmondson, T/Sgt 1 Oct Today being Sunday, most of the Catholic Boys went to Mass at Fraisant, France, but since there is a multitude of flat tires on the Personnel Carrier, the Protestants were unable to attend Services as there were none within walking distance of us. The closest Protestant Services, as is usually the case, is more than 15 miles distant. The 19th Service Group is to move tomorrow morning so T/Sgt Edmondson and T/5 Lauer went in to get the woolen clothing that we requisitioned from them some time ago. They were unable to get them all but did get all the O.D. shirts and trousers that were on order. This evening after Supper another movie was shown for us in the theater at Fraisant. Those who attended really enjoyed it as the sound had been fixed since the last time we had a picture show. "This is The Life", with Donald O'Conner, a musical comedy was the featured picture. The most comical event of the evening, however, was when T/5 Knecht and Pfc Bradley came in with two French Girls, screaming, "Don'tshine the light on her face." Later, when the house lights came on, we could soon easily see why they didn't want anyone to see the Girl's faces. One admitted to be Frankenstein's Daughter and the other is believed to be a second cousin of Dracula. Immediately following the movie, there was a Dance just a few blocks away from the theater. Everyone throughly enjoyed himself--especially, Pfc Bradley ridded himself of Draculas' cousin and spent the evening waltzing with Edna May Oliver, or a reasonable facimile thereof. One of our friends from ALABAMA Unit, Sgt Darrow, was also at the Dance and then spent the night with us. 2 Oct We have been short one radio man ever since Cpl. Kapelka went home on rotation back in Italy. Today the vacancy was filled by T/5 Schmidt of TEXAS Unit. Lt. Cupples left early this morning with Lt. Brush of DELAWARE to look over our mew site, for we are scheduled to move tomorrow. He was gone most of the day and returned just before Supper, with the report that we are to live in a house. This was enthusiastically received by all since we are living in tents without stoves at the present time and the weather is quite chilly at nights for that sort of thing. Late this evening, Pfc Mougey developed severe cramps in this stomach, so we called the Ambulance out from CC#1 and he was taken to the Hospital at Besanscon the symptoms were much like Appendicitis, although he had had his Appendix removed ten years ago. Everyone is worried for fear that he may have a reoccurrence which might necessitate another operation, 3 Oct Today is moving day, one which is dreaded by everyone. We moved into a house at our new site, at Villette-Les-Dole, which would have been all well and good if we had not had to move a few tons of grain and furniture before we could all crowd in. As it is, everytime anyone turns the doorknob, the cots are all rearranged. (Apologies to Bob Hope). After we got the SCR 584 on the air, it was discovered that one of us (DELAWARE or INDIANA) was off in azimuth. Since we had double-checked our orentation, we were certain that we were right; but so were they. After minor changes by both stations, we checked perfectly and everyone was happy again. At first, it was our intention to set our Kitchen in the house, but the room set aside for it was so small and dirty that we decided to put up a tent after all. The Kitchen in a tent is much more satisfactory, anyway, for another tent was set up adjoining it to be used as a dining tent. 4 Oct Plenty of excitement today what with bets being made fast and furiously on the first game of the World Series and having three Bogies at one time tonight. None of the Bogies were shot down as far as we know, for the only information that we have received is that one of them was identified as a C-47. We are all prepared to paint a few Stars along our Swastikas from previous interceptions. 5 Oct The long awaited payday has finally arrived. Lt. Turner, Mr. Moran, 1st Sgt. Doerge, and the Company Clerk played the role of Santa Claus and presented us all with two months pay. Far into the night, the Men were figuring the exchange to find if they were cheated. Apparently the figures all worked O.K. as no-one has complained yet. Pfc Mougey returned from the Hospital today just in time to get paid and so it was really a happy Home-Coming for him. 6 Oct Today we discovered the G.I. Bath-House in Dole. We had been told of it at our former location, but it was too far away and too inconvient, so we used our old standby, the Helmet. Now since we are nearby, the Bath-House is much more enticing. Lt. Kern visited us today on an inspection tour and everything must have been O.K. as there were no complaints. Since we do not get bread from the Ration Dump, we are still having the French Bakery bake our bread. Cpl. Jake Weir came home today with enough to last us for several days. The World Series still holds everyone's interest at night and the bets are getting steeper every night. 7 Oct It is getting to be a common occurrence for Lt. Col. Speir to inspect our Unit. He was here again today and received the Honor (if any) of being the first to sign our New Guest Book. At the time he arrived, a few members of the R.R.M.U. were also here so we started the Book off in a big way those who signed were; Col. Speir, Capt. Schiff, Lt. Greenwich and S/Sgt Rogness. Pfc. Morley was asked by the Colonel if he knew his General Orders and through stage-fright said that he did not know them. After the Col. had gone, Abe had to recite them for Lt. Cupples and went through them with very little difficulty. Again the World Series is the main event of the evening. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn, IOWA Detachment October 1944 Prepared by Orrin P. Caldwell, 2nd Lt. 1 Oct Today was dreary, no sunshine and plenty of rain. The mud is ankle deep again in places. The local Civilians in Gendrey gave a Dance to which all members of this Platoon were invited. Everyoneseemed to enjoy it very much. Food served to the Men has not been met with the usual number of "Gripes" lately. Fresh meat and potatoes did wonders. Mail service, incoming, has been bad, however, the Unit Censor still receives his daily quota. Our cooks are happy at last. After twenty months of search, a rotorary type can opener has been found, thanks to the 19th Service Group. Since this is the first entry a short background is in order we believe. The Unit moved into its present location on 18 September 1944 and was immediately swamped by seemingly Happy Frenchmen, Women and Children offering Fresh Eggs, Potatoes, Fruits and Nuts. Rain had no effect on their comings and goings. For the first few days the camp site was in a continued hub-hub a grand mixture of French - French and American - French since then, we have ceased to be so great a curiosity, and while they continue to visit us, the crowds are of a size that 50 men can handle. The local Mayor was very helpful in matters of Real Estate etc. Everyone had heard and expected great things of France. Few of us were diappointed. 2 Oct Cold and damp this morning. Scattered showers. Life is becoming moments of showers lightly touched with spots of sunshine. 3 Oct And the Sun shone all round. Today for the first time in over a week we had one day of sunshine. Most of us were able to dry out a little. Capt. Merrill arrived with the payroll and some mail and left with potatoes and eggs. T/5 Jones and Pvt. Wilson received Letters of Commendation from the Commanding General 64th Fighter Wing and Commanding Officer, 582nd Signal AW Bn., for excellent work at the scope which resulted in a Track that proved benificial to the Wing. 4 Oct "And the Rains Came" at 0400 hours again today. Our one day of sunshine seems to be our quota. T/5th Terracciano, our Platoon Aidman, has been Doctoring the local French population regularly, but today he was at a loss when ask to deliver a baby. 5 Oct Weather continues to be cold and rainy. Still no stoves for heating tent quarters. 6 Oct No change in weather. Absence of cigarettes makes for more discontentment. No free issue and no P.X. makes procurement of more a difficult problem. 7 Oct Today the weather broke again. All day it was beautiful with only a few showers at night. Lts. McLaughlin and Barta came out to give consultation on the maladies of our inter-com system. 8 Oct Continued sunshine. The mud is going - Hurray...All personnel were invited to a Dance at Gendrey last night, and those able to, attended. Mr. Smith finds that after two years in Africa, Corscia and France, a little knowledge of the French language would be a great help at these Social Functions. Cigarettes have again shown up in the rations - the situation is at the critical point. 9 Oct Well - guess those two days of sunshine were our quota. The rains are here again. 10 Oct Rain all day. Cool wind and the mud has us all covered again. Made arrangements with Special Service Officer, 64th Fighter Wing, for a movie for Wednesday night. Our first since Corsica. Husky, the Platoon Mascot (small brown and white dog) was hit by an Automobile. Back leg is badly cut but he will be O.K. in a few days. 11 Oct Another break in the weather. Perhaps there are a few good days left in the season. Major Goldstein and Mr. Lype inspected the Radar and site. 12 Oct Continued clear today, but some more rain last night. The weather seems to be the major part of our daily life now. 13 Oct Our first movie in France. "In Mables Room". the Officers and Men of the local French troops were invited to attend. Every one seemed to enjoy it even though they did not understand the language. 14 Oct Nothing of interest. 15 Oct Nothing of interest. 16 Oct The weather is still only fair and we still have a few leaky tents. There is an effort being made now to get all the troops into buildings, however, the only available place in our area is not wthin the prescribed limits. We hope for a waver. All stoves and tentage have been frozen and if some arrangements are not made soon, those of us who survive the mud and Pneumonia will probably be in the same condition. 17 Oct Captain Merrill came with a day of sunshine. He claims that the Sun follows him where-ever he goes, so we have extended an invitation to Company Headquarters to join us here. Arrangments were made with the owner of the Chateau in Taxenne for a dayroom for the Men. If permission is granted we will move the living quarters over. 18 Oct Today we withdrew our invitation given to Comany Headquarters yesterday on the grounds that it was a "Swindle"....It rained like hell...Captain Merrill left for NEW JERSEY Platoon. There was a Dance given for all EM of the Wing at Tavaux tonight, unfortunately none of our Men could attend due to the lack of transportation. 19 Oct Captain Merrill returned from a trip to NEW JERSEY Platoon. He still insist that he brings sunshine, and it did shine--for a while, but we did not renew our invitation of the 17th. It rained again tonight. 20 Oct This miserable weather is beginning to show in our morale. One bright spot is our hopes of being permitted to move into the Chateau at Taxenne. Today we received word that Basoncons was off limits to American troops. The town to which our Men were going on pass. Dole has very little to offer, and other suitable towns are too distant. More mail today--two bunches of it in fact. That really lifted everyones morale including the Censor. He received a couple that someone else had already censored. 21 Clear but cold this morning. Through most of us are shivering we can still smile at the absence of rain for a few hours. Everyone is shining and polishing for the Dance tomorrow night. These are usually gala affairs which leaves everyone in better frame of mind. -293 - War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn, OKLAHOMA Detachment October, 1944 Prepared by Julius Konradt 1. Lt. Tenton inspected the camp area. 2. Received Orders from Control Center #2 to tear down the Unit tomorrow, break camp Wednesday morning and leave for our new location. After camp was half dismantled, received Orders to put the Radar back on the air. The Men were quite resigned. The Radar was put on the air once more and the camp put back in a semblance of it's former order. 4. Lt. Taylor, Mr. Moran, Sgt. Doerge and Pvt. Trautman was out to visit the Unit, and also to pay us two months salary due us. In the afternoon Major Long visited the Unit. 5. Chaplain Treese visited us. A pep talk on Social Disease, also a short Religious Service. 6. Uneventful. 7. Major Ross, Capt. Evans and Capt. Erkart visited the Unit. Major Ross held a physical inspection, Capt. Evans inspected the camp. In the afternoon, Capt. Guthrie and Lt. Johnson visited the Unit. 8. In the morning some of the Men went to Church. 9. Uneventful. 10. Visitors day again at OKLAHOMA Unit. In the morning, Lt. Moran and Lt. Friedlander. In the afternoon, Lt. Taylor and Mr. Moran and Sgt. Doerge was also with the latter. 11. Received Orders to go off the air, pack and be ready to convoy tomorrow morning. 12. Convoy left old camp area and proceeded to 64th Fighter Wing Headquarters at Dole. 13. Whitlock took over convoy to take us to our new location. Spent the night in a Railroad Depot at point St. Vincent. 14. Arrived at our new location near Rosieries. Set up camp. Twice during the night Ack-Ack guns went into action. Planes could be heard overhead. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. IDAHO DetachmentOctober 1944 Prepared by Andrew Horent, Pvt 1. Food much better--fresh steaks--first in so long that everyone has forgotten how to handle them. Met Captain Merrill in town of Lidaubon to collect payroll. It was eagerly awaited by the Boys, for everyone had two months coming to them. The Wolfs will probably howl tonight. Radar traffic fairly busy for entire day. Trouble with Land Line encountered again. 2. Food still pretty good--fresh meat again--not steaks but it surely appreciated by everyone. Pvt. Nunn has accident wih Weapons Carrier while on water detail--no one hurt. The usual after pay day Poker Game is now in session, and tends to keep the minds of the Men off the mail situation, which hasn't improvved any. 3. Trip into Salon by Lt. Johnson with Salvage, proved to be very successful. 4. Day clear but windy. Pvts. Rhoden and Patrick, kept in 78th Station Hospital. Patrick believed to have Malaria. Rhoden under observation for skin eruption. Trip into Hqs. for mail proved to be futile--no mail at all-- received word as to change in APO number from 650 to 374. Collection of PTA proved to be quite heavy--Boys still sending most of their money home. 5. Wind has subsided and the day is warm and sunny. Radar traffic still normal, with Unit functioning very well. Lt. Johnson takes PTA collection into Headquarters and Hqs. and hears rumor as to the probable loss of some of our mail. Gloom spreads over entire area upon hearing this news. 6. Rain all day and mud as sticky as glue. Everyone busy in tents to keep water from seeping in. Wind starts howling early morning upsetting Orderly Room and making a mess of everything in it, move Orderly Room into Supply Tent temporarily. 7. Still raining and mud getting bad. Will be using rowboats if rain keeps coming down. Some mistakes must have been made for our food has gotten much better, and no one seems to be grumbling about it anymore. Incidently the grumbling wasn't due to our cooks, for we believe we have the best any outfit could have. 8. Rain continues and area has become a sea of mud making it impossible to keep tents clean. Radar traffic very light due to the inclement weather. Lt. Johnson makes trip into Hqs. on business but fails to return with any mail-- everyone disappointed. 9. Visit by Major Long and Captain Merrill--investigating Nunn's accident-- stay for evening chow then depart for Hqs. Alas! We get some sort of break-- no mail, but a group of FFI throw out Stars and Stripes to us each morning on their way past our area--This gesture is surely appreciated by all for it gives us the latest news on World events. Private Rhoden returns to duty from Hospital--nothing serious--takes smear for V.D. but showed negative proving Rhoden to be in good condition. Rain continues on and off all day making everyone feel in a gloomy mood. Rumor as to our moving in the near future was passed along by the Boys. 10. Lt. Johnson makes trip into Ordance for Report of Survey concerning Nunn's accident with Weapons Carrier. Rain finally stops--clear sunny day-- everyone is out doors enjoying the fresh air. Radar traffic is exceptionally light all day. 11. Received Orders over W/T to go off the air at 1030 hours on the morrow and prepare to move into Hqs. Everyone immediately starts packing supplies. Liberty Run into Draguignan for those wishing to bid farewell to acquaintances. 12. Still packing--Unit off the air at 1030 hours and Boys immediately set to work dismanteling and loading antenna on stake body--work is just about complete and we should be ready to shove off in the morning. Visit by 1st Sgt. Barclay with moving Orders--he was somewhat surprised to learn that we had already received Orders as to our moving. Private Patrick returns to Unit from Hospital, but reports that he still doesn't feel any too well. Some of the Boys attended a Dance in the neaby town of Trans and reported that the people were very cordial and that all had a swell time. 13. Rain again--halting plans for moving--everyone back in their tents passing away the time playing cards. Repair Trailer taken into Ordance for welding job on front end bracket--broken while being unloaded from LST-- returned same day and all ready to roll. 14. Clear day and everyone is out on minor details. Operations Van become stuck in mud causing quite a bit of grief among the Men trying to remove it-- finally get it free after hooking on to it with 2-1/2 ton truck with winch and autocar hook on behind. Run into Headquarters for mail proved to be a waste of time, for there wasn't any for us. 15. Quite a job was experienced pulling the Antenna and Repair trailers from the mud--same method was used as when removing Orerating Van from mud, and after a few hours of sweating, the Boys were finally rewarded with success. Lt. Johnson makes trip into Hqs. and returns with the news that we are to join Battalion in buildings at St. Tropez, but fails to bring back any mail, so in the minds of the boys the trip was a complete flop. Reading of Memo to all personnel by Lt. Brand, pertaining to the care of walls, etc., of buildings to be occupied. Official word as to Pvt. Patrick' transfer to the 51st Troop Carrier Squadron has come through from Captain Merrill. 16. Clear day and Lt. Brand has everyone gathered around Medics tent to hear lecture on Military Discipline and Military Courtesy. Class just reaches the end, when Captain Merrill makes appearence with Orders to move tomorrow morning regardless of weather. Captain Merrill also brings payroll which everyone was glad to sign. Class of half hour duration was held in afternoon on Interrior Guard Duty--quite a fewcomments heard as to the holding of these classes. Lt. Brand makes trip into Hqs. for additional information regarding our moving, and takes detail of Men to clean building if it is necessary. Upon their return remarks were heard as to the filthy conditions of the place. Lt. Johnson makes a run into Marsailles on salvage of Radar and clothing, but on his return, states that no one would co-operate with him. 17. Trucks start rolling material to new Bivouac Area early in morning, and to all appearances will keep rolling for a few days. Bivouaced in Villa Downhill and opposite Hotel in which Battalion is Bivouaced. 1st Crew remains in old area to guard materials that are left behind. Pvt. Patrick, after taking pains in bringing his little dog over from Naples, Italy, has some heartache to see it killed by truck after only being here a few hours. 18. Everyone on his toes moving remaining material from old area and policing this area, which really needs it. Weapons Carrier has been returned to us--a very good job has been done on it and one not knowing it would never believe it to have been in an accident. No water in new quarters--looks like we'll miss our daily showers for some time. Our Bulbs work but don't know wheter or not our personal radios will work. Movie tonight at Battalion and everyone is planning to go, for it will be the first they've seen in sometime. Another morale booster was the ability to get beer at Battalion Enlisted Mens Bar--and it surely was taken advantage of by all the Boys. 19. No end to work--still moving material from old area and trying to improve conditions around here--such as building tables and benches for Mess Hall and erecting our portable Kitchen. Another bad break--Pfc. Olson's truck breaks axle on way back with supplies from Le Muy, and after trying to fix it, it was towed to Ordance by Battalion Wrecker. Lt. Johnson makes trip to old area and report area not clean enough to fill in "Vacating Requisitioned Property" Forms. That means just another day for the Boys to remain at Le Muy. Alas! Some mail finally comes through--not enough to rave about, but its an Ice Breaker, and everyone is hoping it keeps coming. 20. Moving from old area is finally completed--area cleaned to satisfaction and "Vacating Requisitioned Property" Forms filed. 1st Crew joins rest of Boys in new area to make Platoon complete once again. Pvt. Patrick leaves us to join 51st Troop Carrier Squadron--he sure hated to leave after being with the Boys so long. Food is fair for first two meals and there is quite a bit of grumbling heard concerning them, but grumbling soon subsided when served a very good meal in the evening--Roast Chicken. Movie at Battalion enjoyed by all in the evening --two very good pictures "In Old Oklahoma"" and "Pin up Girl". 21. Light rain most of the morning, but it has little effect as to the movements of the Boys. Water has finally been turned on in building, and a detail of Men immediately set out to repair leaky pipes in preparation to installing our shower, which is very much missed by all. Everyone hoping that the showers will be completed soon. Morning inspection of quarters and arms-- small improvements to be made, otherwise everything is up to par. 22. Rain most of the day, but it is just a light fall not keeping anyone indoors. Showers are completed and everyone tries to take advantage of them at once, resulting in Hot Water running out and quite a few having to wait until tomorrow. What a difference a little shower can do to make the Men perk up. Cooks return from ration run and report rations drawn to be very poor, so I guess we can expect some pretty poor meals the next few days. Quite a bit of grumbling from Men upon hearing they are to be restricted indefinetely. 23. Clear sunny day and Lt. Brand takes advantage if it by holding a class outdoors in Military Discipline and Courtesy. Class on Interior Guard Duty was held between 1400 and 1430 hours by S/Sgt Male followed by T/5 Shoff giving lecture on Chemical Warfare from 1430 to 1500 hours. 24. Rain most of the day hampering progess as to cleaning the area and other simiiar duties. Troube encountered in electrical system of building. Check up being made to see if correction can be made. Baking of doughnuts by T/4 Donald Staab and T/5 Amos Ossmann, for Officer Dance, proved to have its good point for everyone of the Boys have coffee and doughnuts at 2000 hours. 25. Rain again today making it dull and gloomy but having little or no effect Class on Military Discipline (Customs of the Service) was held at 0900 hours by S/Sgt Male. After hearing reports as to the drawing of poor rations, our cooks came up with a great surprise by serving a regular Holiday Dinner, the menu consisted of fresh mashed potatoes, gravy, a vegetable and last but not least--Turkey. No gripes but just grunts of satisfaction was heard by the Men. Captain Merrill was invited for dinner by Lt. Brand. Class on Chemical Warfare was held between the hours of 1430 and 1500 by T/5 Paceley. 26. Rain again today. Everyone hanging around awaiting the inspection supposed to be held by Major Long. No inspection up until the time of this report. T/5 Lindsey, Medic, has gone on DS with OHIO Platoon. It is supposed to be for a short time and all the Boys are hoping for his early return. Gas alert given by Battalion at 1300 hours. Smoke bomb used as Gas, and it covered the entire area--all clear given at 1330 hours and everyone immediately resumes their duties. Movie at Battalion Hqs. proved to be very good "No Time For Love" with Claudette Colbert and Fred Murray. 27. Clear sunny day and everyone is awaiting the inspection that was supposed to be held yesterday by Major Long. Discussions galore, everyone hoping to move and get back into Operations soon. Class on Military Discipline and Courtesy held in Mess Hall by Lts. Brand and Johnson-one hour duration, followed by a lecture on Interior Guard Duty by S/Sgt Natarian and Chemical Warfare by T/5 Shoff. Movie at Battalion started to get quite interesting when projector went out of order ending movie for evening. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW. OHIO Detachment October 1944 Prepared by Edward K. Osterberg, 2nd Lt. 1 Run to Bn Hq. this morning. Took packages and mail to Msg. Center, checked on pay. Men will be paid this afternoon. Obtained rebuilt Radar PE on this run. Lt. Taylor and 1st Sgt. Doerge paid Men late this afternoon. Movie tonight. Mess, morale, weather excellent. 2 Several Men went on pass to Nice this morning in the Cargo truck. W/C went for water this afternoon; also checked on mail. No mail again. Movie tonight. Mess, weather excellent. Morale good. 3 W/C and Radar truck went to Ordance at St. Raphael early this morning. Again diappointed no bumper for Radar truck. However , W/C will get new brake linings; will be ready on the 5th. Check on mail made late this morning. Cargo truck back this afternoon. Defective generator ran down battery, preventing earlier return. Movie tonight. Mess, morale, weather very satisfactory. 4 Cargo truck went to Frejus for rations, St. Maxime for water. Two Men need Dental Work. Checked at Bn. Hq., also at 593rd. No Dentist service in the area. No movie tonight due to rain. Mess excellent. Morale good. Weather changeable. 5 Pvt. Kosiba very sick early this morning. Rushed to Bn. Medics who gave brief examination, sent him by Ambulance to 78th Sta. Hospital. Cargo truck took 2 Men to 78th Sta. Hospital this morning for Dental Work. Only one case handled due to restriction of work of emergencies. W/C picked up at Ordance on this run; also a roll of power cable. 6 Heavy rain today. W/C waterlogged this afternoon. No check on Hq. today. 110 v. PE-75 waterogged this evening. Changed over to Jeep power unit. No movie due to inclement weather. Mess, morale fair. 7 Continued rain this morning. W/C battery dead. Run to Hq. delayed. Visit by 64th Ftr. Wing Medical Officer this afternoon. Made inspection of entire camp. Also made V.D. check. W/C went to Hq. Mail situation the same. W/C went to St. Maxime this evening for water. No movie tonight. Mess, excellent. Morale fair. Weather threatening. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW. Bn. WYOMING Detachment October 1944 Prepared by O. D. Satterfield, 2nd Lt. 1 Oct An interesting incident happened today. Abour 1000 hours a C-47 transport flew over the Unit, going directly east. The ceiling was about 1000 feet and he was flying below that. We knew that he was lost as he was headed directly into enemy territory. Someone made the remark "That's the last time we'll see that plane again". Everyone agreed and we waited for the worst. The circumstances were called in to the Filter Room in hopes that they might contact him. About two minutes later we heard "Jerry" let go with all Ack-Ack and it was figured that was the end, But, a moment or two later we heard the drone of his engines going full blast as he passed back over our heads going in the right direction this time. Apparently the low ceiling was the only thing that saved him. 2 Oct Weather continues to be very bad. We are well along in winterizing our tents. 3 Oct Received some very heavy shelling tonight. However, our site does not seem to be the object of Jerry's attention so we continue to feel safe enough. 4 Oct Capt. Evans our Commanding Officer paid the Unit a visit today. 5 Oct Lt. McCoy investigated Unit to see if danger from enemy was too great. 6 Oct Lt. Kern, representing 64th Fighter Wing, made an inspection of Unit today. His remarks were very pleasing to all concerned. 7 Oct The day that all had been waiting for finally arrived. Pay day. Lt. Taylor and W. O. Moran were the heroes for the day. 8 Oct Lt. Scott, Wing Siting Officer, and Lt. McCoy visited Unit to determine our danger from enemy activity. They were to make a report of conditions to Hq. 10 Oct Shell landed about 40 feet from one of our tents. We were protected by being in a deep ravine and only dirt hit our tents. However, it was decided that we should move back from so close to the line. 11 Oct Moved to new location today. Were unable to acquire a house, so we are using tents again. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment October 1944 Prepared by T/4 David C. Purcell 1. Unit inspected by Capt. Davidson and Capt. Frasier. 2. Bakersmith was sent to the Hospital at Besancon. 3. Off the air all day because our generator M18 was sent to Ordance to be overhauled. Began operating again tonight. 4. Bakersmith has Diptheria according to reports from the Hospital. World Series started today and Becker won the ARIZONA pool. 5. Lt. Turner took smeares from the Men's throats in order to test for Diptheria. 6. Unit visited by Capt. Frasier. Baseball pool, third game won by Stewart. 7. Drew two months pay today. It was the first time that we had been paid in France. Baseball pool, fourth game won by Rowley and Purcell. 8. Solluzzo and Silakowski visited Bakersmith in the Hospital at Besancon and found him greately improved. Ball Pool, fifth game won by Becker and Stewart. 9. Got the first copies of "Yank" and "Stars and Stripes" that the Unit has had in many weeks. Baseball pool, sixth game won by Becker. 10. Rained slowly all day. Several Men went to get hair cuts but most of them failed to get them. Hair cuts are getting to be a problem for ARIZONA and most of the local French barbers do not seem to care if they work or not. 11. Two Men went to the Hospital to try to get treated: Pelster with a bad ankle and Baldwin with piles. There is much grumbling about the lack of mail. 12. Sent to Besancon to buy watches for about a dozen Men some of the watches run. 13. Unit inspected by Lt. Turner. 14. Raining slowly. We are hauling rocks to put on the road leading into our HEADQUARERS 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army AG 314.7 2 November 1944 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, XII Tactical Air Command, APO 374 US Army 1. Outline History of he 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion for the period 1 October to 31 October 1944: a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: (1) Changes in designation, assignment, or attachment. (a) Changes in designation: None. (b) Changes in assignment: None (c) Changes in attachment: None. (2) Subordinate units: None. (3) Changes of Commanding Officers: None. (4) Changes of Staff Officers: None. (5) Changes in T/O: None. c. Strength Commisioned and Enlisted (1) Month of October. (a) At beginning ( 62) Off ( 5) WO (990) EM (b) Net decrease ( 2) Off ( 26) EM d. Changes of station: (1) Golf Hotel, Beau Vallon, France. (a) Dates of arrival: 16th and 17th of October 1944. (b) Groups of personnel and equipment left bivouac, vicinity of St. Tropez, Southern France, on the 16th and 17th of October 1944, and moved to the Golf Hotel, Beau Vallon, Southern France on the same days. Due to the lack of immediate transportation the movement of the entire organization and equipment was extended over a period of two days. The present location of the organization is approximately 3 miles fom St. Maxime, France. e. Movements: (1) From bivouac, St. Tropez, Southern France to Golf Hotel, Beau Vallon, Suthern France. (a) Purpose - Movement to a better location and into buildings. (b) Began departure from the old bivouac area in sections, and the moving was extended over a period of two days, 16 and 17 of October, due to the lack of ready available transportation. (c) Movement from one area to the next was made by motor convoy. (d) A distance of approximately 8 miles was traveled over fairy good roads, and in good weather. f. Campaigns: (1) Name: Southern France. (2) Duration: Still in progress. g. Operations: No change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Former and present members who have distinguished themselves in action: For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations the Bronze Star Medal was awarded Lieutenant Colonel Wilbert A. Speir, Battalion Commander, and Captain George W. Schiff, also 1st Lt. Lonnie C. Temple, formerly of this organization, but now Commanding the 346th Signal Company, Wing; awards were made per General Order #53, Headquarters, XII TAC, Dated 4 October 1944. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 October to 31 October 1944. For the Commanding Officer: s/Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. St. Tropez, France October 1944 APO 374 1 Sun Weather cool and windy. A hutment was erected today for the EM club, and it was opened this evening with beer and wine on sale. The organization was paid off this morning; the paying Officers left in the afternoon to pay the Units in the field which will take a few days time. T/4 Eugene E. Hansbrough, T/5 Dallas G. Sratton, Pfc. Lyle W. Hinkle, Pfc. Edward F. Kasperek, Pvt. William C. Cargal, Pvt. John R. Corley, Pvt. Kenneth A. Donovan, Pvt. William A. E. Lowery, Pvt. Jerry J. McElligot, and Pvt. Lloyd K. Reynolds were sent on DS to the 64th Fighter Wing. 1st Lt. Gardner L. Friedlander, C.O., G.O. Co., was placed on TD; 2nd Lt. Robbie D. Barnes assumed temporary Command of Company. CaptaiEldon E. Evans returned from TD to XII TAC Rear. IDAHO Unit reports that Radar traffic is fairly heavy--- trouble with land lines is encountered now and then. 2 Mon Weather chilly and windy. Mr. Moran left in the morning on a tour of the Units, also to stop enroute to the Forward Ops with the records of Cpl. Overholt which are necessary in his trial. Captain George F. Bogan, Capt. George W. Treese, 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Jr., WOJG Edwin W. Moran, T/5 Earl A. Grab, and Pvt. Dominick V. Basile were placed on SD (Bn Installations). Captain Milton A. Taylor, C.O., Hq. & P. Co., went on TD to the 64th Fighter Wing; 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson temporarily assumed Command of Company. INDIANA Unit is to move to a new location tomorrow. OKLAHOMA Unit was instructed to be prepared to move tomorrow, but were later informed to set up again. 3 Tue Weather fair and cool. Operations normal. Units in the field now and then come under enemy shell fire and air raids. There was heavy enemy shelling in the vicinity of WYOMING Unit, but the site Lt. Saterfield says, "Does not seem to be the object of Jerry's attention so we continue to feel safe enough." ARIZONA Unit was off the air all day today, having generator overhauled; began operating again at night. INDIANA Unit moved today to new site at Villette- Les-Dole, where they are quartered in a house. T/5 Jones and Pvt. Wilson, in IOWA Unit, received Letters of Commendation from General Barcus and Lt. Col. Speir, for excellent work at the scope which resulted in a track that proved benificial to the Wing...Were they proud!?--That was certainly proved by the renew ed and extra zeal in their work. 4 Wed Weather cloudy with slight showers in the evening. Operations normal. For Meritorious Service in direct support of Combat Operations the Bronze Star Medal was awarded Lt. Col. Wilbert A. Speir, Battalion Commander, and Captain George W. Schiff, also 1st Lt. Lonnie C. Temple, formerly of this organization, but now Commanding the 346th Signal Company, Wing; awards were made per General Order #53, Headquarters, XII TAC, Dated 4 October 1944. For the time being the greatest extra duty interest seems to be in the outcome of the World Series; bets are being made right and left, and there's no end to predictions and speculations. 5 Thu Weather fair. Normal operations and camp duties. A Cpl. William F. J. Fletcher was assigned to the organizations from the 19th Replacement Battalion and is enroute to join us. An inspection of WYOMING Unit location was made by Wing Officers, chiefly to determine if the degree of danger from enemy shell fire was great enough to warrant a change. 6 Fri Weather cloudy and cold, with a strong wind and rain. Normal operations. Rations seem to have improved somewhat; there is now fresh meat every other day. Now we have just to wait for the mail situation to improve; the morale is good though. Captain George W. Treese, Chap., and Pvt. Dominick V. Basile returned to duty. Units are only reporting that they are experiencing bad weather, and wherever possible are making arrangements to move into some kind of building. 7 Sat Weather cloudy, cold, and rain again. Normal operations. Inspection of quarters was made at 1000 hours. Major Long returned late this evening from the Forward Ops. T/Sgt Elmer R. Vacchina went to WYOMING Unit from TEXAS. Sgt. Seldon E. Lewis and T/5 David C. Fosmire went on DS to 346 Signal Co., Wing from TEXAS Unit. 8 Sun Weather fair and cold--Good fieldjacket weather. There was a little rain in the afternoon. Radar Units report that Radar traffic is slight, due to inclement weather. 9 Mon Weather fair; sky slightly overcast; rain in the afternoon. Major Harold R. Long left immediately after lunch to go to IDAHO Unit to investigate an accident which occured there a week ago. Major Long returned late in the afternoon. T/5 Alvin F. Koepke and Pvt. Carl W. Wenning were sent to Forward Hqs, 64th Fighter Wing. 1st Lt. Gardner L. Friedlander returned to duty and assumed Command of G.O. Company. Major Ben C. Ross returned to duty from TD, XII TAC. Captain Milton A. Taylor returned to duty from TD. 64th Fighter Wing. In the evening the picture "Impatient Moments" was shown in the Motor Pool area. 10 Tue Weather fair and warmer. Operations normal. WOJG Wiliam J. Reese, S/Sgt. Donnally W. Palmer, and William H. Tucker went on SD to Bn. Installations. T/5 Leroy B. Mahood, Pfc. Dorland D. Edmondson, Pfc. Herman M. Marquez, Pvt. Charles W. Brisson, Pvt. D. J. Deason, and Pvt. Bruce F. Lancaster were sent to duty with Forward Ops. The WYOMING area was shelled again today, and it was decided to move the WYOMING Unit back from so close the line. "The Conquering Hero Returns" was the film that came in today and was shown in our Motor Pool area. 11 Wed Weather fair, with rain in the evening. Normal operations. Captain George F. Bogan & T/5 Earl A. Grab returned to duty. 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson and T/Sgt Adolph H. Haener went on SD (Bn. Installations). WYOMING Unit moved to a new location today, it became a little too "Hot", due to enemy shellfire, in the other location. OKLAHOMA Unit was instructed to be ready to move tomorrow. 12 Thu Weather somewhat cloudy, with slight showers in the afternoon. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Jr., 1st Lt. Willard H. Toske, WOJG Edwin W. Moran, and T/5 Rex E. Foutz returned to duty. T/5 Alvin F. Koepke returned from DS Forward Headquarters, 64th Fighter Wing. OKLAHOMA Unit moved to 64th Fighter Wing Area Headquarters at Dole, from there to proceed to new location. The films, "The Gang's All Here," and "Lost Angel" were scheduled to be shown this evening. So we saw "The Gang's All Here," only for the third time---We had already seen the picture in Italy twice before, and the "Lost Angel" was rained out. 13 Fri Weather cloudy and cold with a steady rain thruout the day. Normal Operations. Lt. Col. Wilbert A. Speir, and Captain George W. Schiff paid NEW JERSEY Unit a visit--inspected the Unit and general camp area. 14 Sat Weather fair. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 1000 hours. OKLAHOMA Unit arrived at their new location today near Rosieries. Major Long left early this morning to look over a Hotel building, and to perhaps complete final arrangements for our prospective winter quarters. The Hotel expected to be used is located at Beau Ballon, approximately eight miles from St. Tropez and three or four miles from St. Maxine. This evening the film "Phantom Lady" was shown, with added shorts, etc., among which was included a G.I. news short on the invasion of Europe. 15 Sun Weather fair; slight showers late in the evening. Operations normal. Major Harold R. Long left soon after Breakfast with a number of EM to prepare the new building for our occupation, take inventory, draw up floor plans, and to situate the various Companies and sections of the organization to be housed in the building. Probably tomorrow or the day following we should begin to move into the new building. 16 Mon Weather somewhat cloudy and cool. Operations continued normal. L.W. Reprting Company, and Reporting Company moved into the new quarters, Golf Hotel at Beau Vallon, this afternoon. 17 Tue Weather slightly cloudy with slight showers in the morning. Began moving of Hq & Plotting Company, and Battalion Headquarters early in the morning. Movement of personnel and equipment was completed by evening. The tents were all left standing until evening to dry; G.O. Company was also moved in the afternoon. All that remains standing in the old area are a few tents which will be brought in tomorrow. IDAHO Unit also moved into Headquarters today from the vicinity of Le Muy. WOJG Edwin W. Moran and Pvt Robert L. McConnell went on SD to Battalion installations. 1st Lt. Edwin E. Buckner and S/Sgt. Curtis W. Roberts went on TD to 64th Fighter Wing. 18 Wed Weather fair and warm. Operations normal. Sgt. William H. Tucker returned to duty from SD Bn. installations. Everything has been moved to the Golf Hotel now. The Golf Hotel is in pretty fair shape; our living quarters are clean and there is running water, and the use of all fixtures; in the future there will be hot water for baths twice a week it is believed, for the present a vehicle is run into St. Tropez twice a day two days a week for those desiring to go in on liberty or take a shower, get a haircut, or for laundry. The picture "Devotion," a picture about the Bronte Family; and "The Sky's the Limit" were shown this evening. We had seen "The Sky's the Limit" quite some time ago. Our movies can now be shown right in the building. They will be shown in the Mess Hall which is large enough to accomodate all of our personnel, including the Units that may be in, and some of the 82nd Fighter Control Squadron, and the 593rd SAW Bn.--The 593rd is as much as it is their projector that we are using as well as the Man to operate it. 19 Thu Weather fair and colder. Operations normal. Pvt. Thomas Rogers went on DS to Hq. & Hq. Sq., 64th Fighter Wing per SO #135. Hq., 64th Fighter Wing, dated 15 October 1944. Captain Eldon E. Evans went on TD to 64th Fighter Wing; 2nd Lt. Asel G. Taylor temporarily assumed Command of L.W. Reporting Company. 1st Lt. Willard H. Toske was placed on DS to L.W. Reporting Company from Hq. & P. Co., and was further placed on DS to OKLAHOMA Unit. Pfc. John E. Henninger went on TD to the 64th Fighter Wing with Captain Evans. 20Fri Weather fair and warm. Operations normal. It was learned today that 1st Lt. Robert K. Rockwell who was on DS to XII TAC had been transferred to that organization as of the 5th. His records will be completed and transmitted to his present organization. 1st Lt. Melvin A. Armstrong, DS to 64th Fighter Wing, has been transferred to the Det. of Patients, 46th General Hospital as of the 11th. The films "In Old Oklahoma," and "Pin Up Girl" were shown this evening. Nearly all of us have seen both pictures before; for some reason or other we don't seem to be able to get any new films in this part of the Theater---could be that there isn't any way. The Boys who go down to Marseille to exchange the films say that the Film Library there has only a very few pictures which we haven't already had, and those have been requisitioned by numerous organizations as soon as they are available. 21 Thu Weather slightly cloudy and cool. Inspection of equipment and quarters were made at 0900 hours. Pfc. John W. Marsh, Jr. went on DS to 6th Corps from Ops #2 per SO #137, Hq., 64th Fighter Wing, Dated 18 October 1944. T /5 Myles T. Leonard went from DS TEXAS Unit to DS G.O. Company; and Pvt. Edward J. Larkin went on DS to G.O. Company from DS NEW YORK Unit. 22 Sun Weather cloudy, cold, with slight showers. A vehicle was dispatched this morning to take the Men wishing to go to Catholic Mass in St. Tropez. Pvt. Robert W. Cunningham, DS, 87th Fighter Wing, has been transferred to Hq. Sq., XII TAC as of the 16th, it was learned today. T/5 Ernest B. Skinner, TD (346th Sig. Co., Wing) is on DS to (6th Corps) as of the 17th. 1st Lt. Russell D Anderson, T/Sgt Charles H. Fleming, Cpl. Philip E. Thorson, Pfc. Lee O. Kraus, Pfc. Ernest H. Mitchell, Pvt. D. J. Deason, and Pvt. Max K. Lightman went on DS to 6th Corps as of the 17th. T/5 Francis T O'Boyle has come on DS to the 45th Division as of the 17th. Sgt. John Sobotka, Jr., and T/4 Elmer J. Glaum are on DS to the 3rd Division since the 17th. T/5 Cecil L. Brain and Sgt. Robert Johnson are on DS to the 36th Division since the 17th. 23 Mon Weather cloudy, clearing up in afternoon. Operations normal WOJG William A. Reese and S/Sgt. Donally W. Palmer today went on SD (Bn Installations). T/5 John P. Severson was sent on TD to 346th Signal Co., Wing. 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson and T/Sgt. Adolph H. Buckner and S/Sgt. Curti W. Roberts returned to duty from TD for a period at 64th Fighter Wing. The picture "Whistling in Brooklyn" was shown this evening. 24 Tue Weather cloudy; with persistent light showers thruout the day. Operations normal. Necessary shots were given this morning by the Medics; shots mostly needed were Typhoid. 2nd Lt. Vincent T. Trainer was assigned and was placed on DS to G.O. Co. "B", this Battalion. Captain Milton A. Taylor, T/5 Rex E. Foutz, T/5 Walter L. Otto, and T/5 Harris O. Wetherby went on SD, Bn. Installations. 1st Lt. Edward M. Barrett and 1st Lt. Blaine L. Bishop returned to duty from DS. T/5 Alvin Yenkole returned to duty from DS, XII TAC S/Sgt. Lloyd W. Leslie was atchd to Forward Ops #1 for rats only. T/5 Norman F. Krell went on DS to 64th Fighter Wing, and T/5 Orlan O. Moore was attached to Forward Ops #2 for rations only. T/4 Frank Russo, Cpl. Wildon J. Engesser, Cpl. Albert F. Robbins, T/5 George H. Kurozovich, Pfc. George Wiersma, and Pvt John L. Di Paolo went from DS rations and quarters to DS rations, quarters, and duty with 907th Signal Depot Company per Battalion Letter Order. 2nd Lt. Vincent T. Trainer was placed on duty with CALIFORNIA Unit. 25 Wed Weather---The usual lately, cloudy, cold, and gloomy with rain. Our rations normal. S/Sgt. Jefferson D. Bailey went on DS to the 64th Fighter Wing. The Dance this evening turned out very well; a little trouble was experienced at the beginning in getting enough Volume from the Ampllfier when the records were played, but that was soon remedied when Lt. Johnson, of IDAHO Unit which is here now, brought down the radio set from the Officer's Lounge for this evening's use. Arrangements have been made to have another Dance on the 31st, when some sort of Band is expected to furnish the music. 26 Thu Weather cloudy and cold with slight showers before noon. Normal operations. Pvt. William C. Cargal, Pvt. John R. Corley, Pvt. Gerard M.Manze, and Pvt. Albert O. McNeil, Jr. were transferred in grade to the 51st Troop Carrier Wing. Pfc. Leroy L. Conn was transferred to XII AFSC. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Jr., and Pfc. James W. Fraisure went on SD to Bn. Installations. T/5 Joseph Moduszewski, T/5 Ernest R. Strohl, Pfc. Virgil L. Higgins, and Pvt. Gerald T. Wiggins were transferred from Unit TEXAS to Unit OHIO. 1st Lt. Wesley C. Crawley came in to Headquarters from Unit TEXAS. Both TEXAS and NEW YORK Units were brought in to Headquarters. P.X. rations to the extent of a couple bars of Candy, Razor Blades, Shaving Cream and Soap, and of course Cigarettes were obtained by 1st Lt. Edwin E. Buckner, Battalion Adjutant now acting as P.X. Officer and Mess Officer; Lt. Parks having been relieved of those duties by his departure to forward areas. 27 Fri Weather clear and cool.--Autumn is here allright, to stay. Pfc. Hyman R. Cole has been assigned to the organization from Hq. Sq., XII TAC, and is enroute to join. 28 Sat Weather fair and slighty warmer. Normal operations. Camp (or rather Garrison) duties quite normal. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 1000 hours, and everything was found to be in excellent condition. WOJG Edwin W. Moran, T/5 Harris O. Wetherby, and Pvt. Robert L. McConnell returned this afternoon after a tour of the Battalion Installations. 29 Sun Weather fair---cloudy in the afternoon, terminating in slight showers toward evening. Normal operations. 30 Mon Weather cloudy; rain in the afternoon. In the evening Major Harold R. Long read some letters which had come from Higher Headquarters, chiefly on the subject of V.D. and delinquency as a result of overindulgence in Alcohlic beverages of dubious quality; instances and examples were quoted with the inevitable disastrous results. It was generally proved that abstinence, at least partial, with any unknown brands of Liquors was the best policy and would be to the best advantage of all in the end. 31 Tue Weather fair; it did rain in the evening though. Operations normal. The Dance this evening began at about 2000 hours. This evening we had an eight piece. G.I., Negro Band playing for us, and the music was definitely better than that derived from records for dancing, a pretty good time was had by all. The guests of the Officer's Party, which was also scheduled for this evening, did not materialize; the affair was postponed until tomorrow evening. The food recently has improved considerably; mail has begun to dribble in, not too regularly, but it is getting in; and so---Morale in general is very good. FORWARD SECTOR OPS #2 64th FTR WG HISTORY This organization was formed at Dole, France on 22 September 1944 from the personnel of the old Ops #4, with Capt. Wm. H. Davidson of he 64th Fighter Wing as Commanding Officer. On 23 September we moved to a site neat Bournois and went into Operation on 24 September. On 26 September Col. Horace M. Wade was attached to the organization as an Observer and assumed Command on that date. Our site at Bournois was in a wooded area on a hilltop a short distance behind the lines and in an area which was under occasional German Artillery fire. Early on the morning of 30 September a battle between a Hinkel 111 and an American Night Fighter took place over the camp and the Hinkel was shot down nearby. Continual rains during the early part of October soon made the spot undesirable as a Bivouac Area because of the deep mud. This, together with the fact that the German Patrols were operating in vicinity nightly, necessitated a change of location. We were fortunate enough to locate a large Chateau near the village of Cubry just as a French Unit was vacating and made arrangements to occupy the house and grounds. The move was made on 8 October, the Unit shutting down at 0700 and being Operational again at 1830. We obtained sufficient space in the Chateau for an Orderly Room, Kitchen, Officer's Mess, Enlisted Men's Mess and quarters for the Officers and Sergeants. The remainder of the organization was housed in tents but shortly afterward space was found in another building for the garage and Motor Pool personnel. This site proved to be more suitable that the previous one for several reasons, but we still had the problem of recreation and entertainment. We were located in a French sector where there were very few American troops, and consequently no movies were available. Mail, which had been delayed for several weeks, began arriving about this time. A truck, carrying Men on pass, was sent daily to a nearby town, such as Besancon. Lure or Vesoul. On 9 October Col. Wade left the organization and Capt. Davidson again took Command. Weather continued to be bad, with rain almost every day throughout the month of October and we were still troubled by mud in the Bivouac Area, but not nearly so much as at the previous location. On 26 October an Enlisted Men's Club and Bar was opened and shortly afterward we received notice that a Medical Company in Villersexel had a movie on two days and two nights of each week and that our attendance was welcome. Capt. Davidson left the Unit for a new assignment on 5 November and Capt. Wm. H. Frazier, Jr, of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. assumed Command. FORWARD SECTOR OPS #2 64TH FTR WG Historical Data for 12 - 25 November 1944 Sunday 12 November: The weather has been colder today, with snow falling intermittantly. We have a new assortment of Special Service books and magazines, which Capt. Frazier brought from Nancy last night. Monday 13 November: Snow on the ground this morning-three or four inches of it and although it was wet and melting, everyone had the opportunity, if not the desire, to throw a few snowballs. Lt. Shannon, Wing Message Center Officer, who is pioneering a new courier route, stopped with us for the night. The MAINE Radar left the Ops today. Tueaday 14 November: The weather is bad again today but most of yesterday's snow is gone. All Radar Units and Ground Observers were represented at the regular weekly meeting today. The large cache of firewood which was abandoned by the Germans which had been furnishing us with fuel, has been claimed by the French Army and an M.P. posted to back up the claim. Now we are looking for a new source of firewood. Capt. Cutting of the 328th F.C.S. spent the nignt here. Wednesday 15 November: Only two items of note today-rain most of the day, to which we are accustomed; and Chicken for supper, to which we are not so accustomed. Thursday 16 November: More rain today. Friday 17 November: Clear skies this morning for the first time in many days. Quite a bit of mail, including many Christmas packages, arrived tonight. Saturday 18 November: Clear weather again most of the day. We acquired several more rooms in the old Chateau which allows all Men to obtain quarters indoors Sunday 19 November: Good weather today with sunshine most of the day. Most of the tents are being evacuated, the Men moving into the old Chateau. Only the Enlisted Men's Cluband the Message Center are to remain in tents. Monday 20 November: The short stretch of fair weather was brought to an end today by a rain this afternoon. A high, gusty wind came up in the evening, blowing down some of the remaining tents. A large number of Christmas packages arrived today. Tuesday 21 Noember: Rain most of the day. Regular weekly meeting of all Radar Unit Officers this afternoon. Wednesday 22 November: Continued bad weather, which by now seems to be S.O.P. Capt. Anderson of the 593rd S.A.W. Bn stopped here for the night. Thursday 23 November: Today was Thanksgiving and everyone spent most of the day eating, waiting to eat, of thinking about eating. The turkey was good and plentiful and came with all the traditional trimmings such as pumpkin pie and cranberry sauce. The menu also listed Champagne, which is not so traditional with American Thanksgiving but which gives us a reminder, if one were needed, that we are still in France. 1st Lt. Larence B. Knutson, CAC, reported for duty. WOJG Moran of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn visited the Ops today and tonight. Friday 24 November: More rain today. Saturday 25 Noember: Mail today for the first time in several days and again a large number of Christmas packages arrived. Capt. Evans, Lt. Kern, and Lt. Whitlock of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn spent the night here. War Diary, 582nd, Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA DetachmentNovember 1944 Prepared by S/Sgt Robertson 1 Held dance at the Enlisted Men's Club 4 " " " " " " " 8 " " " " " " " 9 Lt. Kern here for inspection. 11 Held dance at the Enlisted Men's Club. 15 " " " " " " " 18 " " " " " " " 21 WOJG Moran called to have us sign the payroll. 22 Held dance at the Enlisted Men's Club. 23 Thanksgiving Day. Had a Banquet in the Enlisted Mens' Club and it was a great success. The Cooks went to great pains to serve the finest food possible. Have pictures of the stylishly decorated tables. T/5 Guimond was a guest along with Lt. Paradise of FLORIDA. 26 Held dance at the Enlisted Men's Club. Visited by Lt. Victor J. Moran of Special Service. Lt. Moran is a former C.O. of several of the Boys now in this Unit. 28 Visited by Capt. Evans and First Sgt. Doerge. 29 WO Wm. A. Reese stopped off on his way through. Spent the night with us. Held dance at the Enlisted Men's Club. Our present location location has been one of of the most pleasent that we have ever had. The morale of the Men is much better due to better living conditions. The food has been very high quality and there has been plenty of it. We have been having two dances a week and have been running a trip to the movie in Epinal about every other night. Our working conditions have been very favorable. Our Van is now in a veritable Sea of Mud which will make moving quite a problem. The Men have been kept busy cutting wood for our fires and have found that it is very good exercise. Doc "What a Man" Somer is our number one man on work like this. Whenever there is heavy work to be done "Doc" will always to be found in the thick of it. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. IDAHO Detachment November 1944 Prepared by Andrew Horent, Pvt. 1. Captain Merrill and Lt Brand leave in early morning on trip north to our other Units. They are expected back by tenth of month with the payroll for this Unit. Water turned on again after some repairs to leaky pipes. Showers are now in use again and all the Boys feel much better because of it. Class held in morning to determine how many of the Boys knew their General Orders-- results were very satisfactory. 2. Light rain during most of morning--clearing up in afternoon--cloudy but dry remainder of day. Usual routine details keep crews busy, especially emptying and cleaning water tank outside entrance of our quarters. Tank was three quarters filled with water and quarter remaining was all muck, which had an awful stench to it. Everything quiet on the Kitchen front--Meals still very good and no gripes are heard. 3. Laundry equipment has been inventoried and is available for use--what a job saver this is--throw them into the machine and your laundry is done in no time at all. It has also proven to be a balm to the morale of all concerned. Pfc Albert Strecker has freak accident--misjudges fly ball which bounces off his nose causing a fracture. Movie at Battalion in evening--projector fixed and everyone is happy. Movie was "Take It Or Leave It." Phil Baker. 4. Morning inspection of quarters by Lt. Johnson. Everyone is happy once again--cause--lots of mail has arrived and quite a few Christmas packages-- seeing some of the changes it makes. I only hope it keeps pouring in. Lt. Johnson has his radio working and it sure sounds good--He is contemplating on putting a speaker in the hallway so that all can enjoy the music and news. Food rations have been very poor today, but have been promised a good meal tomorrow. 5. Some of the Boys attended Church Services in St. Tropez. Clear sunny day --taken advantage of by quite a few of thee Boys in playing softball--quite a bit of rivalry shown between Boys of first floor and Boys of second floor-- argument, a second game was played which was won by second floor--plenty of opening for hot discussions followed. Meals still pretty good--Chicken for Supper and there was plenty for all. Liberty Run into Le Muy in evening. 6. Rumor as to the probability of Hqs. moving out and that we may be under G.O. for administration. Attempt by some of the Boys to have another softball game failed, for most everyone is still sore and stiff from yesterdays contest. Liberty Run into Le Muy received quite a response, for quite a few Boys have girl friends there whom they wish to visit. Movie at Battalion--"Janie" with Joyce Russell. A very good picture--it surely must have been enjoyed by all, for the room was noisy with laughter throughout the entire picture.7. Writing of General Orders by all personnel--just in case some may have slipped up on a few the last time we wrote them. Rations are good--steak for dinner which made up for the poor rations of previous day. Plenty of mail and packages make the Boys jolly once again. Pfc Strecker returns from Hospital none the worst from his confinement and was glad to be back with the Boys. 8. Hqs. has Liberty Run to Cannes--attended by four of our Boys and they report that Cannes is worthwhile visiting--more to go on later runs. Light failure entirely for most of the day, causing some headaches tracking down the trouble. Official word as to our being on DS to G.O. Company has come though. Water has been turned off once again, making washing inconvient and showers taboo. Visit by Captain of Medical Corps--tour of inspection of quarters and area. 9. Bulletin posted as to what to expect in Saturday's inspection which is supposed to be conducted by Major Long. Lt. Johnson holds meeting, primarily to discuss procedures to follow during coming inspection. Dance at Battalion was attended by a few of the Boys and they reported as having a swell time. Chicken for Supper--no complaining by anyone for we don't know how long it will last. 10. Most of the morning spent in preparations for tomorrows inspection. No mail and no money--all awaiting the return of Captain Merrill and Lt. Brand with payroll and possible some mail. 11. Return of Captain Merrill and Lt. Brand from visit north to our other Units. Pay call and eveyone is happy to have a few dollars in their pockets again. Inspection by Major Long at 0930 hours. Liberty Run into Le Muy-- Plenty of remarks by the Boys as to their near freezing on return. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn, WYOMING Detachment 29 Oct 1944-18 Nov 1944 Prepared by O. D. Stterfield, 2nd Lt 29 Oct Lt Kern, representing 64 Fighter Wing, made a Sunday inspection today. His remarks were very favorable. 30 Oct Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, and Lt. Parks, Mom Adjutant of Forward Sector #2, were at Unit today. Special Service events and material seem to be very hard to get. Our Unit is especially in need of such service. 31 Oct Nothing of interest in the next two days. Tues 1 Nov Wed 2 Nov Mr. Reese, our Supply Officer, visited us today. He Thur took care of some supply needs and had a very favorable piece of information in that every Man would be issued a sleeping bag. 3 Nov Same old routine. Weather is a little better in that Fri we are not having so much rain. However, it is somewhat colder. P.X. Rations are once more coming in and the mail situation is O.K. for the time being. Our entertainment problem is just as acute as ever, however. 12 Nov Received quite a little reading material through the Sun efforts of Special Service. It came at a very appropriate time as all the material on hand was very old. Reading is the only pass-time that can be participated in at the present location. 13 Nov Several Men from the Unit saw a show in Viller-Sexel. Mon 14 Nov Mail is coming through fine at the present time. Tues Some Men receiving Xmas packages already. Nothing 15 Nov new to report. Wed 16 Nov Lt. Turner, Medical Officer of Forward Sector Ops #2, Thur made an inspection today. Everything was in tip top shape according to his remarks. He also gave a short sex lecture to Men of the Unit. 17 Nov Several Men attended a show in Viller-Sexel. Fri 18 Nov Sgt. Sahr, our radio Sgt., returned to Unit today. Sat He had been confined to the 46th General Hospital for almost a month War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment 29 Oct - 15 Nov 1944 Prepared by Edward K. Osterberg, 2nd Lt 29 Reported at 0800 with Lt. Virili to get Orders from General Barcus. Contacted Col. Speir. General Barcus will meet us at destination. Convoy of two Units started from Dole MICHIGAN and OHIO Unit. 1000, stopped overnight at 57th Sig. Bn. near Pouyoux. Two trucks broke down enroute. One regained enroute. Other went on to Epinal. 30 Moved on early this morning. Convoy held at Bruyeres while check was made at Grandillers (VI Corps Hq.). Contacted Capt. Schiff and Lt. Whitlock, checked site. Delay while Engrs. arrive to de-mine area. Cargo truck arrived at site from Epinal. Convoy moved up to Bivouac Area; Factory building near site. Building was cleaned out, and trucks were unloaded. Attempted installation of 584 this evening. The Van bogged down in the mud. Weather cloudy, and cold. Mess fair. Morale good. 31 584 successfully sited late this evening. 602 installed close by immediately after. Both Units well camouflaged, and Foxholes dug also. No Orders for Operation today. Weather bad. Mess, and Morale fair. November 1 Operation this morning for testing Unit. W/C went to Epinal; and obtained one day ration, and 80 octane gas, oil and grease. No Orders today, but Operating the Radar for practice weather excellent. Mess good. Morale fair. 2 W/C went for water. No Orders this morning. W/C went to Epinal and arranged for four days rations, and obtained rations, obtained 100 octand gas. Unable to get stoves. Continued Operating for operators practice. Weather bad. Mess excellent, and Morale fair. 3 W/C made run to Epinal this morning. Checked on pully wheels. Cannot obtain stoves or test batteries. Trouble shooting on Radar today for benifit of Maintenance Men. Sent borrowed Hq. truck to Dole as ordered today. Weather bad. Mess, and Morale good. 4 Rain today. Obtained two puley wheels in Epinal this morning. W/C went after water at Bruyeres this afternoon. No Orders yet for Operation. Weather bad. Mess, and Morale good. 5 Road to Radars impossible today on account of mud and water. No definate Orders as yet, but practice run was made this afternoon on a sortie. The Radar set operated very satisfactorily. Weather looked bad. Mess, and Morale good. 6 W/C went after rations to Epinal early this morning. Also obtained stove parts and W/C innertube on this run. Very windy and rainy today. Necessary to secure Radar. No practice today for operators. Mess and Morale good. 7 Road from highway to site worked on today. Cinders used on the road with success. W/C made run this afternoon. Radar Operation for practice again today. Weather looked bad today. Mess, and Morale good. 8 The election returns held interest of the Men today. No Orders as yet for Radar Operation. Radar road repaired again - this time with broken tile. Weather bad. Mess, and Morale good. 9 W/C went to Epinal for MICHIGAN's rations, and also gas for us. Slight accident in snowstorm in Epinal due to W/C being bottled up between forward slow moving vehicles and rearward fast moving vehicles. Visit by Capt. Evans, Lt. Friedlander this evening. Men were paid, and received lecture on selling Government property, V.O. Danger etc. No change in Radar status. Weather bad. Mess, and Morale good. 10 In regard to Radar Operation we are still in the expectancy stage. No Orders have been received to put us on the air. Outside of Radar guard working activities have been held down to a minimum. Our main problem for the day was engaged in winterizing our sleeping quarters. A few boards here and there and we succeeded in holding back most of the cold draft that was causing our discomfort. Our Hospitalized Sgt. Burleson came barging in with raving stories of beautiful Nurses and what have you. From his tales I'm surprised he didn't refuse his released. Card games carried on until the power engine went out and a few minutes after the darkness set in the Men tucked themselves under their bedding and was soon in dreams of far away lands due East. Weather snow and rain. Mess good. Morale excellent. 11 Still waiting for Operational Orders. Road leading to Radar site undergoes engineering project. Lt. Moran, who visited us today took it upon himself to test A.W. engineering befre the task was completed and soon found himself faced with the problem of digging out his bogged vehicle. Lt. Moran delivered whiskey rations to Lt. Virili and Lt. Osterberg. Officers Morale - excellent. Weather -- rain and snow. Mess very good if one accepted the cake otherwise. Movie in town, but the Men refused to venture out. 12 There is actually nothing worthy of comment for this date. Operations is still set a standstill, and the Men are following their same of policing up & pulling their guard duty. Lt. Smith stopped over for a sociable over night stay while enroute for some destinaton South of this location. Weather -- Brisk and more snow. Mess -- excellent -- Steak for dinner & Chicken for Supper. Morale -- Excellent. 13 Todays activities follow the trend of the previous day. Breakfast call followed by Dinner and Supper cause the only interruption of letter writing, card games and reading. Due to the Weather all details confined to the interior of our quarters. Weather --Heavy snow and heavy rain. Mess -- Satisfactory. Vienna Sausages for Supper. Morale -- very satisfactory. 14 Lt. Whitlock paid his respects to our outfit. He visited 6th Corps to see if they had any intentions of moving so that he would be prepared to sight our new location without too much delay. Road engineering continues on the road leading to the Radar Vans. Weather -- Intermittent rains. Mess -- excellent -- chicken for supper. Morale -- excellent -- Movie shown in the building by 57th Sig. Bn. Few of our Men attended. The reason for this, the Quarters were well crowded, attendence by Officers was a 100%. 15 A 'Nil' report could be submitted for the days activities but a Weather, Mess & Morale report is required, so here goes. Weather -- Dry with interval of sunshine. Mess -- excellent. Morale -- excellent. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachment 29 Oct - 18 Nov, 1944 Prepared by E. C. Springer, Cpl 29 This morning bings the first frost of the season and the promise of a beautiful clear day. Lt. Merblum of ARIZONA Unit, stops by for parts that Lt. Fallon brought back from Nancy. A renewal of the Air Activity is noted in this area. Lt. Kerns and Lt. Kingsland pays us a short visit. This day ends with a movie at Lure forthe EM. 30 Nothing of importance to report today. 31 Sgt. Caldwell is taken to the Hospital at Besoncon for observation. November 1 An orgy of sending packages to the "Home Folks" has broken out in the Platoon. Nice afternoons (which are rare) find the Men out in the field playing football. Mr. Reece, W/O JG, comes to our site to look over the supply situation. 2 It is here again----rain. 3 A Platoon meeting is called by Lt. Fallon this morning. Certain Orders read and instructions were given to the EM. A great amount of shelling or bombing is taken place North of this locality. The rumbling is intense, and has lasted for hours. We wonder if the "Big Push" is on ? 4 Our weekly inspection was again "Excellent" ---Lt. Fallon, Lt. Cooke and M/Sgt. Vitrano conduct same shots, are being given today, by our Medic, Cpl. Boone. 5 The moment that we have been awaiting has arrived--Capt. Merrill, Lt. Brand and driver Shiller come with the payroll. After chow, (beans) they depart for the sunny South. 6 A Wire Crew arrives this morning to put in a "Land Line". Lt. Friedlander, with Capt. Evans bring out the pay for our two attached Men. Lt Turner (Medical Officer) arrives per schedule---He never misses. 7 A heavy downpour starts this morning. 8 Still raining.  9 The first snow of the season! 10 Not a thing of importance to report. 11 Armistice Day--Dark and gloomy-- The Saturday morning inspection finds this camp in excellent condition--but a little sunshine , would help all our "Morales". 12 Lt Moran arrives amid the snow flurries to deliver the pay of Lt Fallon and Lt Cooke. Today, the EM are busy gathering and cutting wood---the nights are getting very cold and it looks like it will be a cold winter--here, at "Valley Forge." Last night for chow, we were treated to a Supper of rabbit, which was obtained by one of our Men who is a hunter of the old school. 13 Lt. Kerns arrives bright and early this morning for inspection. Cpl Boone is still taking it on the chin after Notre Dame's defeat by the Army.(He still will take all and any bets on N. D.) 14 1130--Terrific Artillery barrage starts. (All through the day it is kept up.) The Barometer has fallen to a record "Low" (37) More rain or snow is in the offering. 15 Dismal, dark and cold today. The clouds are hanging low over the valleys and flocks of crows are winging their way Southward. Nothing of importance. 16 A renewal of Air Activity is noted this morning---The "Big Guns" are still at it. 17 This day starts with a "Bang"---0700 is the hour that all hell breaks loose. Those Artillery guns must be red hot by now--never the less, this day, is one of our rare nice days. Blue sky, bright sunshine and a layer of frost on the ground--strong enough, to give us the illusion of walking on firm terrain once again. 18 Saturday morning inspection and a beautiful clear day (two in row!). A few Xmas packages are starting to dribble through to the EM. Plenty of Air Activity is noted in this area. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment November 1944 Prepred by S.L. Hasey, Pfc 1 No Operational site has been picked for us yet, So we spent a good part of the day sitting around, trying to keep warm. This afternoon some of us went to a movie and saw "Pin-Up Girl", then stood in front of the Chateau watching people walk up and down the street. Today was All-Saints day, a National Holiday for the French, and they seemed to be out promenading en masse. Outwardly they appear to be quite unaffected by the nearness of the War, of course, they have felt it very heavily. After Supper we heard that another movie was being shown down the street, so a fifteen Man patrol took off in search of it. Wearing helmets and carrying guns, we roamed the town under rigid blackout conditions. It was a long walk, we took a round about route getting there, but "Bathing Beauty" was at the other end so the mission was pronounced a success. 2 Another morning and afternoon spent in our Chateau basement, keeping out of the rain. Then, in the early evening we moved out to our site, about two miles outside of town. The Men of both Units, VERMONT and KANSAS slept in one big farmhouse. 3 This morning we moved into another set of farm buildings. They are pretty dirty but, with shovels, brooms, brushes and plenty of water, they were soon put into fairly good shape. Once again we are living quite close to the sound of our Artillery. 4 Our building has a number of airholes in it and the tile roof is far from windproof. This part of the country definitely does get cold. We have no G.I. stoves but, luckily we've been able to pick up three or four German stoves which are now coming in mighty handy. By continously feeding logs into it, keeping the drafts wide open and letting the fire roar through it is possible to heat the room,- at least to a point within a radius of six inches from the stove. 5 In some towns we are able to tell Sunday from other days by the fact that the people would be out for an afternoon walk. Here, even that is missing. Out in the country like this we see very few people. A couple of the fellows went to Church in Luneville this morning but, strangely, Sunday has more or less disappeared to us. It's just the same as any other day. 6 When we get into Operation here, our job will be to direct Dive-Bombers to their targets in close support of Ground Troops. We shall be working with the Fifteenth Corps. Under this set-up Bombers will be able to attack pin-point targets even on cloudy days when they, themselves cannot see the ground. Thus, Air Support, which has been largely confined to days when visibility was good can now be used to a much greater extent. "VERMONT" will be used for searching and general location of flights. While we will do the actual tracking and Controlling. 7 The Front in this sectors in the shape of an arrow pointing to the East, with Luneville practically at the tip. So, we have Germans on three sides of us; North, South and East; close enough in each direction for us to be able to see Artillery flashes very plainly. 8 About five O'Clock this morning we were awakened by a heavy Artillery barrage pounding continuously in the East. It continued until well into the day, when it subsided a bit but kept rumbling. We thought it was the start of an American Push, so didn't give the matter a second thought. It wasn't until late this afternoon that we discovered it to be a German Counter-Attack. However, it was beaten back and the position remains approximately the same. 9 The Luftwaffe was over us in force this afternoon. Two ME's apparently the largest number that "Jerry" can spare for this sector at one time, swooped down and strafed the main road. Ack Ack opened up and knocked one of them down; a mark of 50 percent, which isn't bad. 10 We still have not gone into Operation; merely standby, awaiting further Orders. The same cold, rainy weather continues, for the most part. 11 Armistice Day, but a very meaningless one for us. Strange that overseas Soldiers were unable to honor the day; being too busy trying to establish one of their own. The War goes on but, because of the Weather, the front has been fairly static lately. 12 The set was operating for a while today for test purposes, Calibration Flight, etc. Followed some flights over the Bomb Line but have done no actual controlling as yet. 13 There are several people limving in the farm house here, paracically the only civilians we ever see these days, are two little boys, a couple of French -speaking "Katzenjammer Kids" are constannt visitors to our rooms. We have a Woman doing a little laundry for us, which is a big help. 14 The Germans were in this part of the country for over four years and we cannot help wondering just how deeply they have left their mark on the civilian population although everyone professes friendship there must be plenty of Pro-German minds here. So, we are taking the course of having as little as necessary to do with them. The socialibilities which we were able to enter into while in Southern France are absent,and probably will be from now on. 15 All the wood for our stoves comes from the forest in back of the farm. There are plenty of fallen trees, and a dozen or so big logs will last for about three days. We were able to buy a two Man saw some time ago, so with that and a couple of axes, a two hour wood-chopping detail gives us a nice little stack of timber. 16 Today we did our first real bit of Operating under our new plan. Dive Bombers were to attack the Railroad Yards in the town of Heming but, owing to cloudy conditions they were unable to see their target. Our operators directed them to the pin-point and told them when to drop their bombs. Throughout the entire Operation the target was invisible to the pilots. Reconnaissance photos later showed the mission to be a complete success; the Railroad Yards and the big warehouse having been hit. 17 Our Controller in these Operations is Lt. Miller, who is living with us. While we are on the air he is in the Van at all times closely following the flights entrusted to us. Is always in telephone communication with 15th Corps Headquaters and often in direct radio contact with the planes themselves. Our work now enables planes to engage in many more Bombing and Strafing Missions than has heretofore been considered possible. Bombs which previously have had to be returned to the home base or harmlessly jettisoned can now be accurately dropped on targets. 18 We have heard it rumored for a long time; now we know that it is true. There really are Girls who speak the American language. Two of them spent the night here, and even slept in our beds. Of course, we did have to partition off a little corner for their privacy but their mere presence added something to our usually dull G.I. atmosphere. They were two Red Cross Girls, Pay Rockwell and Gretchen Ahlswede, who have been going around to the Units with Coffee and Doghnuts and, more important with a reassurance of the fact that they were are still American Girls. Its's been a long time since we've seen one. We sat around until about ten-thirty, talking and singing and just having a good time in general. 19 After Breakfast we took a couple of pictures of the Girls as proof that they really were here and then said Goodbye". There appears to have been a major break-through at the Front, forces are moving forward, so we are ready to move up any time now. 20 This afternoon we moved about ten miles up the road to Ogeviller. Personnel moved into a large house which at one time was a Doctor's residence. It's pretty well shot up but by boarding windows and plugging up the biggest holes, we made it comfortable enough to sleep in. Don't expect to be here more than a couple of days. 21 The set went on the air about ten o'clock this morning, Controlling a couple of "Eggbasket" missions. Several Officers from 15th Corps were in to visit us and look over the equipment. We lost our Medic today. Sgt. Fred Pierce who has been with the Unit for the last two years was transferred. "KANSAS" certainly hated to see him go. We'll miss him. 22 Went off the air at noon and made another move; this time to Sarrebourg. It rained all day, so the 21 mile ride was very cold and very wet. The few towns we passed through were all pretty well shot up and deserted. Reached Sarrebourg just at dark and went to a big building which had previously been a German barracks and Military School. The Germans evidently left here in a big hurry, as they left a great deal of equipment strewn all around. We set up a stove, made coffee, then put our cots up in a big roon and went to sleep. 23 Last night and early this morning we heard a number of loud reports but payed litle attention to them. Being under the impression that it was our own Artillery. Today we learned that no American Artillery fired during the night. What we heard was incoming shells, several of which landed in the very near vicinity. We set the Unit up this morning, working in ankle-deep mud. Trucks were bogged down a couple of times; Everyone got soaked with the rain which has been coming down continuously but we finally got everything under control. It wasn't until Supper time that most of us realized that today was Thanksgiing. But the cooks had Turkey for us, so the evening did take on a little special significance. We settled the meal by playing ping-pong on a table that the Germans had left here. 24 This was a trying afternoon. A German Panzer Division made an attack and got to within four miles of the town. The Third line of defense was set up between our barracks and the Radar. Machine guns were dug in along the road and Bazooka Posts set up. Tractors were ready to drag road blocks into position if the danger became great enough. Fortunately, the drive was stopped by a portion of Gen. Patton's Forces. This experience was reminiscent of the early days of the Salerno Beach-head when we "Sweated Out" more that one German Counter-Attack with the third line of defense being behind us. 25 A few German shells are still landing in and around the town. Apparently there is a large gun which is brought out of hiding each night and is trained on the town. Labeled the "Sarrebourg Spitball", there is no whistling warning of its approach and it bursts with a tremendous explosion. Most of us have taken to sleeping in the bomb proof cellar of the building next door to our barracks. Makes us feel just a little safer and more comfortable. 26 Whenever the rain stops for a while, our Dive Bombers take the fullest advantage of the break. From the Van we can see them diving and strafing along the Front. A few 88's have been landing in town as well as the heavy shells. 27 30 German tanks have been caught out of gas six miles North of town. We directed a flight of P-47's over them this afternoon. They swooped back and forth over the tanks for an hour bombing and strafing. The Artillery has either moved back or else they are just not firing, as no shells landed in town today. 28 The Front seems to be moving ahead a bit. Strassbourg has been taken, as well as several other strong positions. Seventh Army Headquarters is moving into town here. They have taken over the building we've been living in so we must move out tomorow morning. 29 Today we moved into a building in the 15th Corps Area. It was formerly a German barracks and is in fairly good condition. Have several rooms on the second floor. Stoves in every room, making it quite comfortable. 30 We have our rooms well cleaned up, light wires strung, etc. There is a Coal Yard down town where we can get what fuel we may need. The place is very War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment Noember 1944 Prepared by David C. Purcell, T/4 1. Cold and cloudy. Moved to an area just South of Lure. It seems that we will still have to get water at Vesoul. 2. Rained all day. Lt. Scott visited our camp. A large number of German prisoners have been working all day on the ammunition dumps all around our camp. 3. Cloudy. We are getting the new camp fixed up very well. Mr. Reece visited us on supply business. 4. Cloudy but not too cold. We are still improving the camp site. A new Latrine has been completed and we have hauled in many truck loads of rock to put on the road leading into camp. 5. Weather good. The rock hauling continued and we dug a lot of trenches for air raid shelters. 6. Had Medical inspection by Lt. Turner. We were paid by Capt. Evans and Lt. Friedlander. 7. Rained all day and the wind blew the Kitchen partly down. Mosik has been quite sick. 8. Rained. Two Men went to the Hospital: with piles and Vigotsky with a skin infection. 9. Had a cold rain and considerable hail. 10. Still cold and some sleet and snow. 11. Cold and light snow. 12. Cloudy and slow rain. The rations suddenly improved today when we got Chicken for Dinner. All Men who did not get their Typhoid and Typhus shots several days ago got theirs today. 13. Cloudy and a little snow. Lt. Kern inspected the Unit and found it OK. We had Chicken for Dinner. 14. Cloudy and light rain. 15. Rained. Capt. Frazier inspected the Unit and stayed for Lunch. 16. Cold and cloudy. 17. Very cold last night but clear today. Bakersmith, Stewart and Keefer are all sick. Baldwin and Vigotsky are already in the Hospital so the Unit is seriously short handed. 18. Clear today. There was considerable excitement in camp when a Spitfire made a forced landing in the field just across the road from our camp. The plane had British colors but was being flown by an American pilot. We understand he was ferring the plane from England to the French Air Force and that he was out of gas. The plane was smashed up but the pilot was not hurt. Capt. Frazier took charge of the pilot and posted a guard at the plane pending the arrival of the French. Capt. Frazier visited the Unit for Lunch and inspection. We were also visited by Capt. Evans and later by Lt. Taylor. 19. Moderately clear. All guards on the team have been warned to stand guard in proper uniform including helmet. 20. Very clear today. The Unit was visited by Capt. Frazier and Lt. Kearney. 21. Altetrnately clear and rainy. The Unit had unusually good food today, including chicken. 22. Intermittent rain all day. The Unit was visited by Capt. Robert H. Anderson who is investigating the Court Martial charges against one of the VIRGINIA Unit Men. 23. Mr. Moran brought out the payroll for signatures. Mosnik went to Hospital. 24. Rained. The Men on ARIZONA Unit have been having some difficulty getting hair cuts. The Barber Shops in Lure are open only part of the week and the Barbers don't work much on the days their shops are open. 25. Inspected by Lt. Kern. Later on today, we were inspected by Capt. Evans. 26. Sunday. Several Men attended Mass in Lure. 27. Visited by Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer. Several Men asked about correspondence courses, either from the Army or from Universities in the United States. 28. Capt. Evans visited us and spent the night. He also brought us two new Men. The replacements were needed badly since we have three Men in the Hospital. 29. Cloudy and light rain. Capt. Evans left this morning. 30. Clear today. Several Men visited Belfort. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn, VERMONT Detachment 26 Oct - 27 Nov 1944 26 Word was received last night that we were to pack up and begin our journey to our new assignment. As usual we weren't given very much time to assemble our equipment. As we were without a cargo truck we couldn't do much but wait for it's arrival. It finally arrived late this morning. All the Men immediately pitched in to get an early start. Yes, it rained as it always does on a move. NEW YORK Unit took our 602 away from us so we got that off our hands. Packing was quite a problem, the Cargo truck was a short bodied one and couldn't hold much equipment. Soto, the cook spent all last night roasting turkeys that we got in our rations but we couldn't make a meal of it and were contented with sandwiches. We arrived at Hdq.'s for final instructions before we began our long journey. None of the Boy's had an opportunity to say good-bys to any of the many friends that they had made in their stay in St. Tropez. Our first day of traveling brought us to the city of Aix. The night ws spent in the Motor Pool Garage of the 3rd General Hospital. 27 We had Breakfast at the 3rd General Hospital Mess. We got an early start and by nightfall arrived in the City of Valence. The day was a very cold one. Lt. Loreto and T/5 Harrell roamed throughout the City in search of quarters for the night. Luck was with us as they found a large garage with accomadations for all the Men and vehicles. A few of the Men went into town and had Supper. The others stuck to their "C" ration diet. 28 After a rough night the journey was continued early this morning. About mid-day our Radar truck started giving us trouble. The clutch and brakes weren't working. Sgt. Minik made repairs in hope we could reach Lyons and an Ordance Depot. We arrived in Lyons late this afternoon. An Ordance Co. was located and work was begun on the Radar truck. Lt. Loreto found us quarters for the night in a old French Fort also occupied by some American Railroad utfits and German prisoners. The quarters were very fine and we all settled for a good nights rest. Many of the Boy's went to the city, T/Sgt Jurcik and Sgt. Minick spent most of our two day's at the Ordance helping the repair of our truck. 29 After a very difficult job our truck was finished late tonight. We were ready to begin our journey, being that it was too late to start today we were to get a early start tomorrow A.M. T/5 Amerspeck's birthday is today. 30 After a all day journey we arived late in the afternoon at Dole. This was the first leg of our journey for 64th Fighter Wing Hdq. is here. We spent the night in a French Fort in the City. We had chow with the 9th A.C. Boys. Lt. Smith of KANSAS Unit came to see Lt. Loseto and together they went to Hdq. 31 We were told that KANSAS Unit would work with us. So early this morning VERMONT and KANSAS began the journey to our new location. After a long trip all day we arrived late at night in the City of Luneville, where 15th Corps was located and they made arrangements for us to sleep in the basement of the building. Everyone was very cold, hungry and tired. Coffee was made and the Boys made themselves as comfortable as possible. NOVEMBER 1 The day was very cold, all day was spent looking for the Radar sites. We were told we would have to spend another night in the basement for the sites were not picked yet. Luneville seems to be a real Front Line town. Most of the troops in this area belong to the 44th Div. and 79th Div. 2 All morning was spent looking for quarters for the two Units. It was rainy and cold. The Radar sites when picked but sleeping in tents seemed out of the question as we had no stoves. VERMONT Unit moved into a house occupied by a French family and with some Boy's of the 108th A.A.A. Bn. KANSAS unit moved into a barn near their Radar site. 15 The supposedly vaunted "Luftwaffe" showed up today. Two Jerry A.C. were strafing in our area today. No damage was caused but Jerry lost one of his planes. A parachute was seen floating down and the plane crashed near the Front. 21 We were told by Lt. McCoy that we would be leaving for our new site tomorrow. The 7th Army made substantial gains. Our stay in Luneville was more cheerful after we acquired a stove. The weather for the last two weeks has been steady rain and at times snow. 22 We got an early start this morning, MAINE Unit was also with us. MAINE Unit has a new set and are still experimenting. We arrived at Sarrboug at dusk. We found quarters for all three Units in buildings formerly used by the enemy. All the Men bedded down after a hasty Supper. The night was a very noisy one, the enemy was shelling the City and surrounding areas with 240mm guns a few close hits were scored from our quarters. 23 This morning brought a very busy day for all. The Radar's went to their sites to get ready for Operation. Arrangements were made by the Officers to be able to stay in our present building. Everybody was busy cleaning up getting as comfortable as can be. The Germans didn't bother us at all tonight. 24 15th Corps gave the word to begin Operating this morning, all the crews immediately began Operating. As few shells fell during the day but at night they came steadily. It seems as if the enemy was shelling us with 240mm and 88mm guns. 25 We had visitors today, Lt. Moran and his driver. As it was too late for Lt. Moran to begin his journey to other Units he stayed with us for the night. We hear shells coming over at 1 minute inervals for 2 steady hours between 11 and 12 P.M. 26 Rumor today was that 55 enemy tanks were cut off by a 3rd Army thrust and were proceeding towards Sarrboug road blocks, machine guns and Bazookas were set up by the Radar sites. Word came through later the day that part of the enemy was annihlated. It seemed a new threat developed in the afternoon and rumors of evacuating this section were numerous. A-20 Medium Bombers and P-47 Fighter Bombers were directed by the Radars in support of the Ground Troops who needed help. The pressure was eased off. W/O Mr. Moran arrived today with the payroll all the Boys signed the pay book. A cargo truck with a longer body came to us tonight, Weinberger of the Motor Pool went back with our old cargo truck. Jerry must have been cleaning his barrels tonight for he didn't bother us. 27 Capt. Evans and Sgt. Dorge visited us today. P-47 Fighter Bombers with the aid of Radars bombed and strafed a force of enemy tanks that ran out of gasoline 10 killometers North of Sarrboug. The claim that the enemy was completely destroyed, HEADQUARTERS 582ND Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army 314.7 22 December 1944 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov) APO 374 US Army, (Attention Historical Section). 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion for the period 1 November to 30 November 1944. a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: None c. Strength Commissioned and Enlisted: (1) Month of November (a) At Beginning ( 60) Off ( 5) WO (964) EM (b) Net Increas ( 2) Off (c) Net Decrease ( 5) EM (d) At End ( 62) Off ( 5) WO (959) EM d. Changes of station: (1) Rosieres Aux Salines, France. (a) Dates of arrival: 18th thru 30th of November 1944. (b) To move the entire organization has not yet been completed. Lack of transportation necessitates any movement to be made in small groups, and the vehicles available are shuttled back and forth. The move of the organization was officially begun on the 8th of November when part of the Battalion Headquarters left Beau Vallon, France to proceed to a forward site which then was not made a permenant station for the Battalion, but as progress was made and the Fronts proceeded to advance rapidly our Headquarters moved up and the first Unit arrived at this present site on the 18th of November. Actually even prior to this move the majority of the organizations's personnel had been operating in Units, and personnel had been attached to other Units in the forward areas participating in this campaign. e. Movements: (1) From Golf Hotel, Beau Vallon, in Southern France to Rosieres Aux Salines, France. (a) Purpose - As the Fronts advanced it was necessary for operational reasons to move forward: also for greater efficiency administratively the Headquarters moved up. (b) Deparature from the former site was first begun on the 8th of November and has continued thruout this month. (c) The move was made by motor convoy. (d) In the Change of Station a distance of approximately 515 miles was covered by motor convoy over very good roads and, in most instances, in good weather. f. Campaigns: (1) Name: German. (2) Duration: Still in progress. g. Operations: No change. h. Commanding Officers in imporant missions: No change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Former and present members who have distinguished themselves in action: None. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 November to 30 November 1944. For the Commanding Officer: s/Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn., Golf Hotel, Beau Vallon,November 1944 APO 374 US Army France 1 Wed Weather somewhat cloudy in the morning. Operations normal. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Jt. was appointed Battalion Historian; vice 1st Lt. Walter L. Parks, reld, who went on TD to Forward Sector Ops as Adjutant of that Unit. Captain Lew E. Merrill went on DS to 64th Fighter Wing Advance. 1st Lt. Wesley C. Crawley, G.O. Co. "B", was reld from DS to Reporting Co. "A". Pvt. Harold L. Hill and Pvt. Thomas I. Huisma were relieved from assignment to G.O. Co. "B" and were assigned to Battalion Headquarters and Plotting Company. Pvt. Carl C. Foreback was assigned to Headquarters and Plotting Company, and relieved from assignment to L.W. Reporting Company "A". 1st Lt. Willard H. Toske, on DS to L.W. Reporting Co., was relieved from assignment to Hq, & Plot. Co. and was assigned to L.W. Reporting Co. 1st Lt. Cecil G. Teeter, L.W. Reporting Co, was relieved from assignment therefrom and was assigned to Hq, & Plot. Co. 2 Thu Weather cloudy with slight showers in the morning--clearing up into a petty fair day by noon. 1st Lt. Edwin E. Buckner left early in the morning for Marseille to obtain P.X. supplies. Captain Eldon E. Evans, and 1st Sgt. William H. Doerge with Pfc. John E. Henninger driving went on TD to 64th Fighter Wing. In the absence of Capt. Evans, 2nd Lt. Asael G, Taylor, Jr. assumed temporarly the Command of L. W. Reporting Company. 1st Lt. Alexander Anderson with T/Sgt. Adolph H.Haener went on SD to Battalion Installations. Six Men this morning left the organization for Rotation; S/Sgt Donnaly W. Palmer, T/4 Arthur Fassel, Pfc. Dennis H. Doutherty for Rotation outright, and S/Sgt. William E. Pearson, S/Sgt. Frank J. Maggio, and T/4 Gene P. Dalton only on TD to the United States. 1st Lt. Gardner L. Friedlander, C.O. Ground Observer Co., went on TD to Battalion Installations; 1st Lt. Wesley C. Crawley temporarily assumed Command of Company. T/5 Alvin F. Koeple and Pvt. Troy Jones, Reporting Co, were attached to G.O. Company "B" for Rats, Qrs, and Adm. 47 EM, DS "IDAHO", were attached to G.O. Co. "B" for Adm. today, and 48 EM, G.O. Co, absent DS "CALIFORNIA" Unit, were attached to Reporting Co. for Adm. The movie projector has been repaired, and beginning Friday we will have movies. 3 Fri Weather fair and warmer. Operations continued normal. P.X. rations were sold today. The movie projector having been repaired, the picture "Take It or Leave It" was shown this evening. 4 Sat Weather--The day was one of those--for this time of year here-- rare beauiful warm Sunny and pleasent days. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 0930 hours. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran. Jr. and WOJG Edwin W. Moran returned today from SD (Battalion Installations). WOJG Edwin W. Moran brought back word that the Personnel Section of the Battalion Headquarters were to move up to the Forward Area in the vicinity of Nancy within the next few days. Mr. Moran, T/5 Frank Winnicki, T/5 Bural Mason, T/4 George L. Kidd, T/4 Nathan Kaplan, and T/4 Merle Cadle out of Battalion Headquarters will go, with drivers and cooks, totaling ten Men. 2nd Lt. Claude D. McMillan was relieved from attachment to Battalion. Cpl. Robert D. Robertson, T/5 Garland Flurerty, T/5 Paul Penningyon, Pfc. Ellwood E. Thompson, and Pfc. James G. Ward (attached absent-346 Signal Co. Wing) were relieved from attachment. 5 Sun Weather fair. Operations continued normal. T/Sgt. Burton W. Reeves, Jr., S/Sgt. Ellwood W. Berryman, T/4 Andrew E. Dieterman, Jr., T/5 James A. Cook, T/5 Conrad Henthorn, T/5 Steve V. Varga, Pfc. Hugh V. Oplinger, and Pfc. Addis R. Wilbourn went on TD to Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron, 64th Fighter Wing on the 25th of October; T/5 Richard E. Barr, and Pfc. Curtiss H. Steinway are on TD to Hq. & Hq. Sq, 64th Fighter Wing since the 25th of October and were relieved from TD to 927 Signal Co; and T/4 Miles B. Gilmore, T/4 Robert B. Shay, T/5 Thomas J. Boyce, T/5 Isadore J. Goldstein, and Pvt. Henry E. Nedrest are on TD to Hq. & Hq. Sq., 64th Fighter Wing since the 25th of October and have been relieved from TD to 346 Signal Company Wing. 6 Mon Weather fair and warm. Operations continued normal. 1st Lt. Victor J. Moran, Jr. went on SD to Battalion Installations in connection with Special Services activities. Major Harold R. Long and his driver Pfc. James W. Fraisure returned from Battalionn Installations. Cpl. Irvin Grossman, T/5 Clarence J. Abrams, Jr., T/5 Richard H. Baldwin, T/5 John P. Boylan, T/5 Clarence J. Lucas, and T/5 William B. Pence having been relieved from duty with the 346 Signal Co, Wing and are on TD to Hq. & Hq. Sq, 64th Fighter Wing since the 25th of October. T/5 Sylvan L. Anthony was placed on TD to Hq. & Hq.Sq, 64th Fighter Wing, from duty with Control Center #1, since the 25th of October. 47 EM of "IDAHO" Unit, Reporting Co "D", were attached to G.O. Company for Rats, Qrs, and Adm; 48 EM of absent "CALIFORNIA" Unit, G.O. were attached to Reporting Co "D" for Adm; Today 62 EM of Hq & Plot Co were placed on DS to G.O. Company; 50 EM of G.O. Company were attached to Hq & Plot Co; and 19 EM of L.W. Reporting Co. were placed on DS to G.O. Co "B". 7 Tue Weather fair and unusually warm. T/5 Alvin F. Koepke and Pvt. Troy Jones, Reporting Co "D", have been attached to G.O. Co "B" for Rats, Qrs, and Adm. For Administrative convience all personnel present in area are attached to G.O. Company for Adm., Rats., and Qrs. The Headquarters of the other Companies, only with the exception of G.O. Company, of the Battalion are constantly on the road and visiting Units in the field in advance areas. Those personnel not absoluely necessary for Forward Operations are remainig as a Rear Headquarters Section, the Men of other Companies being attached to G.O. Company; whereas the field Units of G.O. will be attached to other Companies and the Company Headquarters will remain for the time being in the rear. Sgt. Eric C. Schuberg, Cpl. Jack A. Zierfus, T/5 Runyan L. Allbright, T/5 Gordon H. Avery, T/5 Michael J. Cartusciello, T/5 Harold H. Tucker, T/5 Albin Yenkole, Pfc. Heman D. Klingensmith, Pfc. Richard D. White, Pvt. Walter L. Welsh, and Pvt. Clarence D. Warren are on DS to XV Corps since the 27th of October. The Men with equipment that are leaving tomorrow were made ready. Total strength of Rear Headquarters will be 11 Officers and 163 EM after tomorrow. 8 Wed Weather fair. Normal operations. WOJG Moran with EM left for Dole and adanced areas today, at 0900 hours. Pfc. Adolph C. Kaltwasser was placed on TD and drove part of the convoy, to return within a few days. Cpl. Ahti U. Kari was placed on DS to 15th Corps from Forward Ops #1 per SO #144, Hq. 64th Fighter Wing, dated 27/10/44. Since quite a few Men have wanted to go to Grasse to obtain perfume for Christmas gifts with the season now fast approaching, but have been unable to because of a lack of G.I. transportation for that purpose--Also if possible on its return to make a sort of Cook's tour of Cannes which is off limits, with the exception of passing traffic, to Air Force Personnel. For as long as the Men show any desire to go on the trip, if no delinquency occurs, and of course if there is a vehicle available these trips will be made.---The practice of dispatching a vehicle to St. Tropez, both morning and afternoon, every Tuesday and Thursday to take the Men in for showers, haircuts, laundry and and Men on Pass if they wish is still being continued. The dance which was scheduled for this evening was postponed until tomorrow. 9 Thu Weather fair but pretty windy. Normal operations. The Dance this evening turned out very well. We had the same Band this evening that played for us last week; and this week there seemed to be even more Girls, and not enough fellows to go around. Everyone had a fine time. 10 Fri Weather fair, windy and a bit chilly. Normal operations. This afternoon, approximately 1600 hours, a fire broke out in the Dispensary. The fire, caused by an explosion of the gasoline heater, proved rather serious in as much as considerable damage of Dispensary and personal equipment was suffered, but there were no injuries suffered by personnel. The portion of the building housing the Dispensary was damaged considerably, but is all repairable, at what cost it is yet unknown. At first the blaze when started was hard to subdue, especially when the gasoline container began to burn, but all Fire Extinguishers were summoned and the fire was held in check considerably by these until it was entirely put out with sand which was lying in bags around the foxholes in the area.---The bags of sand, used by the enemy before our arrival for another purpose, came in very handy in this instance. In the evening the picture "Tortilla Flat" was shown---amazingly enough. The projector did not break down this evening! 11 Sat Weather fair and windy. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made at 0900 hours; a very favorable report was made possible. T/Sgt. Adolph H. Haener and T/5 Rex E. Foutz returned today after spending some time on TD to Battalion Installations. Captain Merrill and Captain Taylor returned today with the payrolls of their Companies, having paid off their personnel on Units; tomorrow personnel of Reporting Company and of Hq. & Plot. Company here will be paid. With them Captain Taylor and Captain Merrill also brought back quite a bit of mail--something we've been looking forward to for a long time! Today at 1100 hours Armistice Day was observed. A dress formation was called, being as formal as was possible, and Major Long, Executive Officer and immediate Commander of site, gave a short solemn talk with great meaning to all on the subject of the first Armistice and its observance. At 1100 hours Salute was given had held for a short period of time in tribute to the Allied and our own Soldiers that have fallen in the last and present War. 12 Sun Weather fair and warm in the morning; and in the afternoon we had, suddenly, a short spell of rain with sleet and hail which just as suddenly cleared up again and there was Sun, again bright as ever. All personnel of Hq. & Plot. Company and Reporting Company were paid today; L.W. Reporting Company and G.O. Company will pay their Men as soon as the Commanding Officers return with their payrolls. T/Sgt. Adolph H. Haener and T/5 Alvin F. Koepke were relieved from attachment to G.O. Company and went forward--This time permanently. Cpl. William O. Butterworth, Pfc. Charles E. Boisvert, and Pvt. Anthony A. Hentkowski. G. O. Company, went on DS to Battalion Hq. & Plot Company. A good deal of excitement today was centered upon Death of Pvt. Ivey M. Rhoden who was found dead this morning at 1145 hours, having died while in his sleep, of natural causes apparently. Pvt. Rhoden, "IDAHO" Platoon, Reporting Company "D", came into the organization in April, 1944 when the "IDAHO" Unit, formerly of the 561st Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, became part of this organization. Pvt. Rhoden was found, appearing normal, in bed this morning at 1145 hours by 2nd Lt. Wendall S. Johnson when Lt. Johnson went into Pvt. Rhoden's quarters to awaken him; although it was the deceased's day off from duty there was something urgent required of him. Unable to awaken him immediately, and at first uncertain as to the state of the deceased Lt. Johnson thinking that the Man might be seriously ill, although suspecting that the Man was aleady dead, called a Medic and a Doctor immediately. Captain James L. Schiuma, Surgeon 593rd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, arrived approximately five minutes time, and after a rapid examination declared that the Man had been dead for at least five or six hours before he was discovered, and that, what he called, "Rigor Mortis" had already set in. Captain Schiuma ordered the body to be removed to a Hospital for further examination. The body was them taken to the 4th Medical Laboratory at Marseille, France by Lt. Johnson and one of our Medics, Sgt Tucker. An Autopsy will be made tomorrow. 13 Mon Weather cold and cloudy with persistant rain throughout the day. Captian Evans and 1st Lt. Friedlander returned with payrolls today, also brought back a little mail. Personnel here of L.W. Reporting Company and of G.O. Company will be paid tomorrow. Lt. Johnson and Sgt. Tucker returned late this evening, having taken the body of Pvt. Rhoden to Marseille for Autopsy where the examination was made at the 4th Medical Laboratory. The results of the tests for poisons etc. will be known in a few days. After the Autopsy on the body was performed Lt. Johnson and Sgt. Tucker today took the body to the Military Cemetary at Aix, France for burial; Services of Chaplain Chapler, 3rd General Hospital, were requested and the body was left with Cemetary Attendants. (Autopsy report was received on the 25th of November 1944. Death was due to Acute Heart Failure, the underlying cause of which could not be determined.) This evening we had the picture "Music in Manhattan" shown here. 14 Tue Weather cold cloudy, with showers, sleet and hail in the afternoon. Operations continued normal. S/Sgt. Jefferson D. Baily, S/Sgt. Roy J. Freitas, T/4 Harold J. Cassidy, T/5 David C. Fosmire, T/5 Norman C. Langlois, T/5 Thomas M. Zeigler, Pfc. John W. Marsh, Jr., and Pvt. Alphonse J. Robustelli were placed on DS to Hq. & Plot. Company for rations and quarters, duty and administration. T/5 John C. Wilson and Pfc Kenneth Towning (absent on DS to 346 Signal Company Wing) were attached to Battalion Hq & Plot. Company. S/Sgt. Lloyd W. Leslie and Pvt. Ray W. Case (absent and on duty with Ops #1) are attached to Battalion Hq. & Plot. Company. T/5 Norman F. Krell, and Pvt. Carl W. Wenning (absent for duty with 64th Fighter Wing) are attached to Battalion Hq. & Plot. Company. T/5 Oran O. Moore, Pvt. George A. Rynbergen, and Pvt. Buster Winding (absent for duty with Forward Ops #2) are attached to Battalion Hq, & Plot. Company. And T/3 John J. O'Shea, T/5 Virgil J. Guimond, Pvt. Harold F. Hill,and Pvt. Walter J. McClelland returned to duty with Battalion Hq & Plot. Company. from DS to G.O. Company. 15 Wed Weather fair today and slightly warmer. Operations are continued normal. P.X. supplies were obtained today by Lt. Buckner and will probably on sale tomorrow. The film this evening, one which we had already seen previously. was "7 Days Ashore"---also G.I. shorts and newsreel. 16 Thu Weather fair. P.X. rations were sold this afternoon. Major Harold R. Long again left for a period of SD at Battalion Installations. 17 Fri The weather today was fair. Operations are continued normal. Another movie this evening, but one that we've seen before--"We've Never Been Licked". 18 Sat Weather slightly cloudy but warm. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made this morning at 1000 hours. A training program is being followed. Exercises and Gas Drills are held periodically; all personnel are participating. Pfc. Adolph C. Kaltwasser returned today from TD to Battalion Installations. 19 Sun Weather fair and warm. Normal operations. A little mail, mostly packages, was brought in this evening by one of the drivers returning from the Forward Are/a. 2nd Lt. Asael G. Taylor, Jr. went on DS to Unit OHIO today. 2nd Lt. Vincent T. Trainer, DS to G.O. Company "B", was relieved from assignment to the organization and was transferred in grade to Headquarters XII TAC, as of the 8th. 20 Mon Weather cloudy, and there was a bit of rain in the morning. Major Harold R. Long and Captain Milton A. Taylor returned from their trips to Battalion Installations. Cpl. Jack A. Zierfus and T/5 Gordon H. Avery are on DS to VI Corps, 103 Division as of 10 November 1944. 1st Lt. Russell D. Anderson is on DS to XV Corps as of 7 November. 2nd Lt. Edward K. Osterberg was relieved from DS to OHIO Unit and is on duty at Headquarters in the Forward Area. The dance this evening turned out vey well--There were Girls galore! Everyone had fun. Our fund reserve is running pretty low so a Band was not hired for theis dance; records were used, and the result was very good since the Amplifier was so improved that the music from the records was very clear and full of volume. We expect to have a dance here every Saturday hereafter. 21 Tue Weather fair and windy. Normal operations. More Men are to leave for the Forward Area within the next few days. Battalion Headquarters is expected to move up by Thursday. S/Sgt. Curtis W. Roberts, Sgt. Robert Wise, T/4 Alfred Siciliano, T/5 John Hluhan, T/5 Frank E. Noffsinger, T/5 Harris O. Wetherby, T/5 Tenniess R. Christine, T/5 Tin H. Ng, T/5 Vitaut J. Voselius, Pfc. James W. Fraisure, Pfc. Roy Jenkins, Pfc. Harold E. Clark, Pfc. Lawrence F Heren, Pvt. James C. Hughes, Pvt. Clyda P. Aldridge, and Pvt. Robert L. McConnell were relieved from attachment to G.O. Company and will go up to the Forward Area to join their Company. Cpl. Edward M. Jordon, Jr., Pvt. Walter W. Reed, Jr., and Pvt. Willard J. Miller were relieved from DS to Unit "CALIFORNIA" and are placed on DS to Battalion Hq. & Plot. Company for rations, quarters, duty and administration. The movie for the evening was "Sweet and Low Down." S/Sgt. Ralph B Giles and Pfc. Donald H. Robertson have been assigned to the organization per SO #290, XXII TAC, dtd 28/10/44 as replacements for S/Sgt. Donnally W. Palmer and Pfc. Dennis W. Dougherty respectively who have left on rotation. The two replacements are enroute to join. Sgt. Harold E. Childress, replacement for T/4 Arthur Fassel, was assigned to the organization per SO #290, XXII TAC, Dated 28/10/44 and is placed on DS to 325th Fighter Control Squadron. 22 Wed Weather fair and cold. Normal activities. MAINE and VERMONT Units left this morning for their new sites. Arriving at Sarresbourg at dusk, and tomorrow will proceed to their Operational sites. This area in the vicinity of Sarrebourg seems to be very active; enemy artillery, 240s and 88mm guns, are very active here. 23 Thu Weather fair. Thanksgiving Day was observed today, and in the traditional manner. We had a bountiful, well prepared dinner of Roast Turkey with Dressing and all the Trimmings. Only two meals were served today-- Breakfast was served at 0900 hours, and Dinner was late in the afternoon. In the evening coffee and sandwiches were prepared by the cooks. But after the very good and filling Dinner few carred to indulge in this later evening shack. 24 Fri Weather fair. Battalion Headquarters with Lt. Buckner and 10 EM; Lt. Hassall and two Men; Captain Taylor and 1st Sgt Ulovitz; and two drivers with equipment this morning began the trip to Forward Area. Battalion Headquarters left at 0930 hours; others left in separate groups a little later. The weather for this first day on the road was good, roads were good with very little traffic, and the trip all around was uneventful. At 1700 hours we arrived in Orange, France where we remained for the evening. 25 Sat Still enroute to Rosieres. A 0700 hours we began to roll again. The weather in the early hours was a little wet. We had decided on an early start with the intention of stopping along the road somewhere a couple of hours later for Breakfast. At 0900 hours we stopped at a small Restaurent at Lapalud to get coffee prepared for us. Soon afer Breakfast we were on the road again. K-Rations were consumed in the interval between Breakfast and Suppper. At 1700 hours we reached, without mishap, the town of Coligny--Here we stopped for the night. 26 Sun Enroute to Rosieres. Beginning the last stretch to destination! We left Coligny at 0700 hours this morning. There was evidence of rain earlier in the morning, but not only a mist remained, and the atmosphere of the mountains was clean and refreshing at this early hour. At 0900 hours we stopped in Lons Le Saunier, a rather fair sized city, for Breakfast, upon questioning an M.P. as to where we might get Breakfast prepared, we were diected to "Red's Place," but finding it closed we went to another Restaurant where coffee was prepared to go with our K-Rations. By 0930 hours we were on the road again; at 1100 hours we arrived in Dole, refueled at CC #1, but did not stop there for lunch. We hit the road again, determined to make our destination by Supper time to possibly get in a warm meal. The destination, Rosieres Aux Salines, as predetermined, was reached at 1730 hours--Just in time for Supper which turned out to be corn-willy for us, the fresh meat run out. Total distance in miles involved in this Change of Station was approximately 515 miles--traveled without mishap, over good roads, and in fair weather. 27 Mon Rosieres Aux Salines, France Weather fair and cold. Operations continued normal. New arrivals became settled and organized. The organizaion is housed partially in tents, stables, and other buildings; at this station we occupy an area which is part of a Government owened Stud-Horse Farm. Major Long is expected to arrive by tomorrow, having stayed back in Beau Vallon in order to complete an investigation which involved personnel of the organization. Still remaining in the area is G.O. Company with its attached Units which is expected to join us here before long. 1st Lt. Donald T. Erpelding was assigned to and today joined the organization. 2nd Lt. Roman J. Koziol was assigned to organization, joined, and was placed on DS to G.O. Company. T/5 Elige Mitchell, Reporting Company "B", and was further placed on DS with "CALIFORNIA" Unit. T/5 George N. Lindsay, Reporting Company "D", was transferred in grade to Hq. & Plot. Co., and T/5 Paul F. Lindberg was assigned to and joined Reporting Company "D", and went on DS to "NEW JERSEY" Unit. 2nd Lt. Rudolph T. Bodd was assigned to and joined Reporting Company "D". 28 Tue Weather cloudy and cold. S/Sgt Ralph B. Giles joined the organization for duty today. T/5 Anthony N. Verna was relieved from assignment to Hq, & Plot. Company for return to the Zone of Interior for emergency reasons. Cpl. Francis J. McCoy, Pfc. Earl S. Burton, Pfc. Sam Saracino, and Pvt. Junior E. Priehs were placed on TD with the 927th Signal Battalion. Late in the evening Major Long and T/5 Noffsinger arrived. Major Long had stayed behind to complete the "Rhoden" investigation. 29 Wed Weather cloudy and cold. Operations continue normal. Camp duties are as usual. 2nd Lt. Benson G. Brand with his driver, T/4 Francis S. Scatko, arrived this afternoon from "IDAHO" Unit. Lt. Brand came with the purpose of finding a site for his Unit. T/5 James E. Linebarger was transferred in grade to the 70th Replacement Depot (AAF) per SO #41, Dated 27/11/44, this Battalion. 30 Thu Weather cloudy and cold. TEXAS and NEW YORK Units pulled in here this evening. At 1330 hours a Gas Mask Drill was observed by all personnel. Gas alarms were rung and Gas Masks were worn for a short period of time, until the all clear was sounded. Our food has been good and continues to be good, even improvement somewhat. As yet there have been no arrangements made for Special Service Activities with the exception of a day-room for which purpose the Mess Hall is used, more or less as a Library only. The morale of the organization continues to be very good. FORWARD OPS NO. 2 64th Ftr. Wg. HISTORICAL DATA for the Period of 26 Nov.-23 Dec. 1944 Sunday 26 Noember: Capt. Frazier and Lt. Whitlock, the siting Officer were out today looking for a possible new location for the Ops. The area up fromt is not yet cleared of Germans, however, and the move will have to be postponed. Monday 27 November: very good weather today with sunshine all day. The move has left Villersexel and we are again without a show. Capt. Taylor of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. was a visitor today Tuesday 28 November: Fog and rain today. Weekly meeting of all Radar Unit and Ground Observer Officers. Wednesday 29 November: Heavy Fog today. Thursday 30 November: Weather still bad. Capt. Anderson of the 593rd S.A.W. Bn. visited today. Friday 1 December: Clear skies today. Saturday 2 December: Colder weather today. 1st Lt. Harold C. Joseph, 82nd F.C.S., Cpl. Wm. J. McLaughlin, 82nd F.C.S., Pfc. Wilbert W. Kallenberg, 82nd F.C.S., and Pfc. Charles H. Rasmussen, 64th Fighter Wing, all left to report back to their home organizations. Sunday 2 December: A light rain fell during most of the day. Capt. Schumm of the 328th F.C.S. visited here today. Monday 4 December: More rain today with a high wind. Lt. Krpalding of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. spent the night here. Tuesday 5 December: Regular meeting of Radar and Ground Observer Officers today. Capt. Merrill of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. was also present. Pvt. James D. Bass, 34689671, 328th F.S.C. was transferred back to his home organization. Wednesday 6 December: More rain today. Lt. Stillwell attended a Special Service meeting today and obtained quit a bit of Special Service equipment, such as books, magazines, games, etc. Thursday 7 December: Skies cloudy all day today. Capt. Hornbockle, Chaplain of the 593rd S.A.W. Bn. has been staying with us while visiting a number of Units in this vicinity. Friday 8 December: Light rain today. Capt. Taylor of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. was here for the night. Saturday 9 December: Cold, cloudy weather today with a little snow early in the morning. A dance for the Enlisted Men was held in the old Chateau tonight. Sunday 10 December: A light snow fell this morning, but soon melted. Major Long of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. was here today. Capt. Pinlert, 593rd S.A.W. Bn. Dentist, moved in today. Monday 11 December: Rain today. Lt. Whitlock, siting Officer, is staying here while engaged in siting some Radar Units. Tuesday 12 December: Regular weekly meeting of Radar Unit Officers. Our first movie was held tonight in our "theater". The projector and film was borrowed from the 46th General Hospital in Besancon, amd a room in the old Chateau was fixed up with a screen and seats. The movie tonight was "Greenwich Village". Wednesday 13 December: Light rain today. Capt. Taylor of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. stayed here tonight. Thursday 14 December: Heavy fog most of the day. Capt Evans of the 582nd S.A.W. Bn. was here for a short time today. We had our second movie tonight. Friday 15 December: Cloudy and Colder today. Saturday 16 December: Somewhat clearer weather today. Sunday 17 December: Fair weather today. Capt. Anderson of the 593rd S.A.W. Bn. visited today. Two new French laison Officers arrived. Just before midnight there was a red alert and paratrooper alarm which lasted until 0230. Monday 18 December: Rain today. Tuesday 19 December: Cloudy today but no rain. Our first sale of PX rations was held today. Movie tonight. Wednesday 20 December: Cloudy and cool today. WOJG Moran of the 582nd SAW Bn. stayed here tonight. Thursday 21 December: Much colder today. Upon warning from Wing A-2, guard was doubled and put on alert for infiltration. Friday 22 December: Cold, with a strong North wind. The quarantine was lifted today. Saturday 23 December: Still cold today. We are making a collection of candy, gum, etc., to give to the children of schools in Cubrial and Rougemont. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn, IOWA DetachmentOctober - November 1944 Prepared by Orrin P. Caldwell 2nd Lt. OCTOBER 29 Weather is cold, but the rain has stopped. We wake up in a Frosted World rather than a brown one now. No dance this Sunday. Seems that there is some kind of law against them now. No one here is quite sure of the details but it really knocks a hole in our entertainment here. 30 The weather is generally fair now. Makes everyone a little happier. It is cool (down to 41 degrees F.) but all are thankful for the let up in the rain. Incentially every one now has overshoes too. Peculiar isn't it??? 31 None of the people here turned into Goblins tonight and everything was very quiet. Some of the Men who's past times (Civilians) on Haloween was up setting Out-Door Privates gave it up this year. They knew it would have to rebuild it. NOVEMBER  1 Nothing of interest. 2 Capt. Merrill and Lt. Brand arived for a two day visit Ye Historian was admonished for making deragatory remarks on the Capt's. powers of producing Sunshine. tomorrow will be a final test. If the Sun shines - we'll conceed the point. The mail has finally returned to normal. Morale shows it too. 3 The Capt. wins. The Sun shinning. Our invitation is re-extended (See Oct. 17 & 18, 1944). Tonight Madame Moritz, known to the Men as the witch, began French lessons for all who care to attend. The first night had a good turn out and the Men enjoyed it while they learned a few more words. S/Sgt. Hodelka has been taking lessons for quite some time now and when asked how he was progressing he replied that he had learned to ask a lot of questions, but hadn't the slightest idea of what theur answers were. 4 This evening M. Bernard Longin, the Son of the owner of the Chateau in which we are quartered, and his sister paid us a visit. The Madam is a Lt. in the French Ambulance Corps and had just returned from a five year stay in Africa. We spent a long time re-hashing experiences over there - it was almost like talking of home. All but a few of us in the Platoon apent fourteen months in Algeria. The food has definately taken a change for the better. Our inside Kitchen makes it easier for the cooks and the rations have improved so much that gripes are very few and far between. The present quarters, better chow and more mail have helped Morale a great deal. Capt. Merrill paid the troops today and that helped too. 5 Capt. Merrill and Lt. Brand left this morning to pay the other Company personnel who are up forward. To bring up what seems to be a constant subject in our diary, we are expecting less Sunshine until he returns. Capt. Evans and Lt. Friedlander stopped in to pay Pvts. Serio and Silverstri who are on D.S. with our Unit. This was our first meeting since before leaving Italy. To be only a Battalion, our parent Unit really covers a lot of territory when it is in Operation. When it rains it pours, chow has improved, quarters also the mail is regular, and now - rumor has it that there is P.X. available. How long can this last??? 6 Nothing of interest. 7 The weather has taken a turn for the worse again. Cold rainy days make it very unpleasent outside. Capt. Merrill and Lt. Brand returned today with tales of the Chateau where Fwd. Sect. Ops. #2 are quartered. That must be some "Jernt". 8 The Officers managed a steak dinner tonight. Capt. Merrill, Lt. Ecker. Lt. MacLaughin, Lt. Bolin, Lt, Brand, Lt. Caldwell and Mr. Smith attended. Everyone seemed to enjoy themselves. Wine had been found to stock the EM Bar with. Attempts to get Eau-De-Vie, Cognac and Beer met with failure, however, we do have some promises. The weather is louzy, rain which by all reconing of temperature should be ice or snow and a wind that nothing seems to proved protection against. Winter is definitly setting in here. 9 Capt. Merrill and Lt. Brand left at 0800 hours this morning. We don't envy them their trip back to the coast country. This afternoon it snowed for about fifteen (15) minutes but the ground was wet and it did not lay - for which we are thankful. 10 Nothing of interest. 11 This morning, those Men available participated in a Ceremony celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the Armistice. A wreath was given the Unit which was placed on the Monument to Taxenne's dead by Lt. Caldwell. The affair, while not on so large a scale, was well carried out by all who participated. Pictures were taken by S/Sgt. Young. We hope they turn out well. 12 We waked up in a White World this morning. There is about a two inch snow. Its beautiful to see but hard on the Morale of those of us who are forced to work in it. It had continued for short periods all thru the day. Lt. Ecker thinks we should draw emergency rations and snowshoes - just in case. 13 Lt. Moran stopped by for a short visit. Seems that he and the French had a hard time deciding whether they could both stay on the road or not. He says it is an odd feeling to turn the steering wheel for a curve then find yourself sliding gently into the ditch. When he left he was to return for a Chicken Dinner but didn't. Perhaps he's in the ditch again - or perhaps he found his Chicken elsewhere??? 14 Snow is all gone now. We have lots of nice oozy mud instead now. If we have to move into tents now we are going to be rather miserable. Five pyramidals in for salvage which would mean "Pup" Tents. (Some people think of the Nicest Things)...S/Sgt. Hodelka succeeded in getting a keg of beer for the bar. The Alcoholic content is low - but there is a whole barrell of Morale in it. Miss Hutchinson from XII T.A.C. Red Cross came out with doughnuts and coffee this afternoon. Its wonderful what one woman can do with the dispositions of fifty (50) Men -- or maybe it was the doughnuts--?? 15 Nothing of interest. 16 Nothing of interest. 17 Capt. Merrill arrived to spend a day while he completed business relative to payrolls. 18 Nothing of interest. 19 Two German prisoners were turned over to us by a civilian from a neighboring town. We turned them over to the M.P.'s in Dole. The last we saw of them, they were boarding another truck headed for Dijon. Capt. Merrill left at 1500 hours. He hopes to return by Thanksgiving. 20 Nothing of interest 21 Nothing of interest. 22 Capt. Merrill arrived and everyone is getting things in shape for a dance tomorrow evening. Several local girls have been invited, the Red Cross gave us doughnuts and the cooks are planning a buffet. 23 Wow! What a party. Everyone seemed to have a good time, even the Chaperons wore an occasional smile. There was plenty of partners - in fact too many of them. Some of the Boys were a wee bit shy but as the evening progressed the Wall Flowers came into full bloom. Everyone enjoyed the Buffett which held Cake, Doughnuts, Coffee, and Sandwiches. DECEMBER 3 Lt. Cooke arrived last night and was just in time for our 2nd dance this evening. Ye Historian went for a truck load of girls and wound up on the side of the road with a flat and no spare. The party was swell, but it did not measure up to our first one. Even the musicians seemed to be off the beam. 5 Capt Merrill arrived with the pay and Beaucoup orders more wooden shoes to be decorated to Madam Moritz (The Witch). Good job she does. 6 Lt. Johnson arrived to spend the night while on the way down to the coast. Mail has been very slow lately but usually comes in large quanities when it does get here. 7 The weather continues to be cold, damp and occasionally windy. The mud isn't so bad as it was in our last tent area but its still here. There was an occasional snow flake this afternoon. Lt. Johnson left for the coast and Capt. Merrill left for NEW JERSEY Platoon. The local Service Group plans to have a P.X. sales store in a few days. This sounds good to everyone. While we drew free rations previously, there is a promise of variety now which is the major factor in the P.X. 25 This morning we had our Christmas Party for the local Children. All received a package of assorted candies. Afterwards the kids sang French Christmas Carols and Pfc. Reader sang some of our own. The dance started at 1900 hours and everyone really enjoyed themselves. There were a few excess Women but everyone danced with everyone else so there were no permenant Wall Flowers. A Buffet was served at midnight - Do these French people go for Pine-Apple...Capt. Merrill and Lt. Moran attended. The weather was swell - Cold but no rain or mud. Snow would have made it seem more like Christmas but - what tho we'll, you can't have everythinng.... 26 Still cold - + 25 degrees F this morning. No snow and we are still thankful for that. The Fireplaces have become very important pices of equipment. 27 Cold - Fog rolled in at dusk and froze on the trees everything is a crystal of ice now. Sgt. Silva, our chief cook, has asked for an additional K.P. to tend fire around the water trailer. Seems that he can't keep it thawed out. 28 Chaplain Hornbuckler visited us yesterday and spent the afternoon. Mr. Smith returned from Nancy with the P.X. which brought smiles to faces which had become solemn with the decrease of cigarettes. Bright Sunshine today but no change in the frost covered ground. A snow now would really pile up. 29 We hope to arrange a New Years dance which will be our last one for a while. Most of us have enjoyed those that we have had but feel we are wearing ourselves out, even a good thing can be overdone. Morale has hit a new high though and if every one wants them we will continue to hold the dances. Sgt. Kirchner - the Supply Sgt. - says human nature just can't be pleased. Sez he - Everyone wanted the Bed Rolls and new tyype Field Jackets until they got them. Now the Jackets don't fit and the Bed Rolls don't want to cooperate when the user does a slow roll while getting in his "Chineese Stick Time". His chief complaint is that the type of "Pucker String" used ruins the suit effect of the Jacket. 30 Plans are made for a dance at Merci La Grande for New Years. It is to be conbined with one the civilians are giving and the proceeds are to go to the French Prisoners of War. 31 Warmer today but snowing. Its beautiful to see but not so nice to work in. Rations for tomorrow include Turkey. This is much more than we had expected. No trimings though. The dance began at 1600 hours and was still going strong at 2400 hours. The Dance Hall was a large barn which would have served for an Ice Box. Pfc. Wittneben and a Girl from Orchamps did a French version of what is known out west as the "Texas Stomp", Wittneben says that he has nothing to do with the "Women" but he didn't learn to dance like that on his Hog Ranch. For those who are interested, here is a near a description as anyone could give: Requsites: One Texas - one French Girl with a lot of pep, any kind of music and plenty of room. War Diary, 582nd, Signal AW Bn. IDAHO Detachment November 1944 Prepared by Andrew Horent, Pvt 19. Some of the Boys go to Church Services at St. Tropez. Rumors as to another push up front--But so far haven't been able to get any news concerning it. The fall of Metz was also rumored and everyone is anxious to hear more about it. Unusually quiet day for no one seems to have any inclination to do anything but sit around shooting the bull. 20. Usual camp duties keep two crews busy. Rations are still pretty good and everyone seems to be satisfied for no gripes are heard concerning them. A dance at Battalion was attended by a few of the Boys, and like most things these last few days, very little interest was shown by the Men. Although those that had attended reported as having a very good time. Private Kopycinski returns to Unit from Court Martial Proceedings and reports he is completely exonorated. Signing of payroll was greeted enthusiastically by the Men, for after buying perfume for the folks at home, most evryone is flat broke. 21. A regular Holiday Atmosphere has been created around Orderly Room with numerous packages containing perfume being sent home by the Boys. Orderly smells like a florist, with all different odores from the various types of perfume being sent. T/4 Scatko and T/5 Townsend encloses Kitchen with plexiglas, making it much warmer and working conditions much better. A small edition in the form of a scandal sheet was put out, which provided quite a bit of amusement for the Boys, it was named "IDAHO's Querry Sheet." Movie at Battalion in evening--"Sweet and Low," with Benny Goodman was reported as being fair. 22. Drawing of rations for two days, because Ration Dump declares Hoiday for tomorrow--Rations drawn are very good--Pork for today and Turkey for tomorrow. Lt. Johnson takes quite a little ribbing from the Boys--Reason--He becomes launderer for Lt. Brand and himself, but ribs were taken with a shrug of the shoulders and some wise retort of his own. 23. Today is "Presidental Thanksgiving", and a very good meal was had--Turkey with all the trimmings, fresh potatoes, and Apple Pie. The cooks should get a big hand from the Boys for they worked late into the night preparing it and did a splendid job. Evening meal wasn't so good--Spam and cheese, but no complaints were heard for most everyone was still full from the big meal at Dinner time. Gas practice was held at 1300 hours and all clear given at 1400 hours. No alert was given. 24. Lt. Johnson makes trip into Marseille for batteries and further information concerning Rhoden's death. No batteries to be had and information as to Rhoden's death was given as as Acute Heart Trouble, cause undetermined. Trip into Grasse by some of the Boys was greately enjoyed. Pfc. Strecker returns from Hospital and everyone was glad to see him back. Finger in bad condition but member hasn't been lost, such as was feared at first. Pfc. Strecker receives Christmas package that should have been delivered to him last year. 25. Inspection of quarters at 1100 hours was hely Lt. Brand and Lt. Johnson. Inspection took in personnel and questions as to Chain of Command and reporting. Rations drawn have fallen way below expections, but no gripes are heard concerning them. 26. Plenty of Morale builder received--packages galore--making Men very happy. Orders to move has come through and immediately everyone is on their toes packing personal belongings and Platoon equipment. Lt. Brand and T/4 Scatkoleave in advance and rest of convoy pulls out of St. Maxime at 1535 hours. Travel short time when engine trouble is encountered on Gruenke's truck--wires shorted--repaired and on our way. Arrive at Le Muy at 1720 hours and spend night in barracks. Many Boys take adantage of stop to visit acquaintance for last time. 27. Leave Le Muy at 0745 hours and then some more time lost when tractor has flat on inside rear wheel. Arrive at Aix at 1200 hours but lose some more time when Whiting's truck develops wheel trouble. Have hot coffee while wheels are being fixed, and it certainly was enjoyed after a cold mornings ride. Arrive at Le Pontet at 1612 hours and spend night in old barracks and garage. 28. Up at 0630 hours and ready to roll. Leave Le Pontet at 0810 hours and pass through Orange at 0845 hours. Quite a few of the roads were inundated necessitating slow movement of trucks for driver had to feel their way along. Stop at Debair to fix flat and shortly afterward found weld on repair trailer becomes loose. Pass through Valence at 1630 hours and refuel at Gas Dump. Stay at Gas Dump while Lt. Johnson looks for sleeping quarters. Bivouac in old horse stable for the night and quite some fun was had due to the remarks concerning stench of place. 29. Ready to roll at 0730 hours and pass town of Balmer at 0830 hours. Tractor becomes stuck in low range after quite some time fixing it. We are ready to roll again. Reach Lyons at 1235 hours and proceed to Gas Dump. Gassed up and out of Dump at 1330 hours. Lt. Johnson tries to contact Hqs. but doesn't have any success. Pick up repair trailer but Weld Job is only temporary. Lt. Johnson again has success in procuring inside sleeping quarters. Stay at Ft. Vitrielerie and it proved to be quite a treat--Served meal on plates and was served by German Prisoners. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachnent 29 Oct - 4 Nov 1944 Prepared by Julius Konradt, T/4 OCTOBER 29 Another clear day. In the early morning hours clouds appeared and the weather turned a bit warmer. 30 A very dull day. 31 The weather turned cold during the night, first frost of the season. NOVEMBER 1 Fairly cool day. 2 Weather warmed up a bit. T/5 Harold Dorsey's brother, T/3 Dorsey, visited the Unit today and stayed the night. T/3 Dorsey is with a Signal outfit of the 4th Armored Division. 3 Rain most of the day. T/3 Dorsey returned to his camp after Breakfast. Articles of War was read and explained to us this evening by Lt. Toske. 4 Excellent Supper tonight. Chicken and enough to go around. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachment 12 Nov.- 16 Dec 1944 Prepared by Julius Konradt, T/4 NOVEMBER 12 The tents, Men's personal equipment, Kitchen, and all odds and ends were moved to our new camp site. Because of the foul weather, the tents were erected in the morning, the rest of the staff coming over in the afternoon. Our camp site is a swell mud hole. 13 We woke up this morning to a sight we long had expected. The ground was covered with snow. Snow flurries fell all morning. The Men were busy all day long making their tents livable. Those that had time hauled gravel. Others had to be content with just ditching the tents. Lt. Toske decided to try and find a house again. He, T/4 Konradt and T/5 Pourroy made a recon. The only things seen was a very dirty barn with several living rooms. It looked like a real rat trap loaded with all kinds of vermin. The decision at the present time is to try and winterize the tents. The concenious of opinion seems to be that we will be better off right here in the tents. 14 Snow flurries once more. All day long Men were hauling gravel for their tents. At least the tents aren't one sea of mud. If we can find enough gravel, cinders, stone etc. We will continue to haul it into our Bivouac Area in the hopes of getting a solid footing. The Men are fairly cheerful over all the mess. It is true, there is the usual mumbling, but work goes on. Everyone realizes that we have to contend with the mud problem no matter where we move. A few of the Men have colds. It is surprising that more of us haven't caught cold. We have been wet and muddy for over a week now. Now we hope to get a good freeze. At least it would eliminate the mud. 15 Men were out of camp early in the morning hauling gravel for our living quarters. Looks as if we will have to haul gravel and stones for several weeks before this place will be fairly liveable. Snow flurries throughout the day. 16 Gravel detail once more. In the afternoon Lt. Kern from the 64th Fighter Wing Headquarters inspected the camp site and Radar. Late in the afternoon Lt. Moran visited the camp. The Sun finally came out to show it's face for a few hours today. Some more Christmas mail and packages arrived in the mail today. The packages are beginning to dribble in now. T/4 Weber went to the Ration Dump, brought back several cases of French beer. First beer we have had since leaving the Lyon Area. 17 It froze last night. Must have been quite cold, the ground didn't start to thaw until noon time. In the afternoon Lt. Smith and T/Sgt. Polacheck came to the Unit to relieve us of our IFF antenna. A P-47 hit theirs and guess it was rather damaged badly. The day was clear so some of the water must have receeded somewhat. We all hope so. P.X. rations were drawn from the 3rd Army Ration Dump. 18 Today Jefferson Lee Umstead thought he had a couple of French Girls visiting him with doughnuts and coffee and did he parler Francais! He claims he knew all the time they were from the A.R.C. Pay Rockwell and Gretchen S. Ahleswede. Today is my first trip to OKLAHOMA in several weeks. The PE's are good but the ARC Girls are much more interesting. The weather is clear for a change and much Air Activity. G. R. Guthrie, Capt. Sig. C. Daniel Scott, 1st Lt. Sig. C., John W. Hrovath, 1st Lt. Sig. C., C.O. DAKOTA, both of these Officers visited the Radar site. The entire day was pleasant. The Sun was out most of the day, so a lot of mud once more turned to dry soil. Then too, the Red Cross Girls boosted our Morale with their coffee and doughnuts and passed our with a helping of day chatter. 19 Lt. Moran visited the Unit. Another load of gravel was hauled into the Bivouac Area. The Kitchen tent floor was graveled, and the walks around it. The people of the little Village about a mile from the camp gave a small dance for us in the evening. The Men not on duty wandered in. A fair time was had by all. 20 A terrific wind. The tents really were flapping in the breeze. Trouble with the Radar motor early in the morning. 1st Lt. Teeter visited the Unit this morning. Mr. Moran was out to have the payroll signed. Took Radar motor to Ordance. Apparently valves have burned out. Ordance will try to acquire valves by hook or crook. In the meantime Capt. Schiff is to try to get a motor for our use while ours is being repaired. Lt. Whitlock visited the Unit. 21 The wind reached gale proportions during the night. That coupled with rain made all the occupants of the tents a bit uneasy all through the night. However, the Latrine Canvas was the only thing to come down. Capt. Evans was out on an inspection tour. Sgt. Doerge and Pvt. Hennenger accompanied him. More gravel was hauled into the Bivouac Area, tents were tightened down once more. 22 A Le Roy Power Plant was brought out from Ramu. After proper adjustments in voltage were made, the Radar Unit went back on the air at 1900 hours. Trouble with the land line to DAKOTA. Apparently the high wind has snapped the cable. 23 Checked land line to DAKOTA. A break was found and repaired. It started to rain last night and has continued to do so all day long. All the low spots around here are flooded once more. So far the water has flowed away from our Bivouac Area so the inside of the tents at least are dry. Thanksgiving today. Not a Turkey Day though Chicken and all the trimmings. Our evening meal was excellent. 24 Capt. Evans and Sgt. Doerge visited the Unit, also Lt. Moran was out to see us. The evening meal was almost a duplicate of yesterdays Thanksgiving Feast. All the Men did credit to the Chicken in the mess kits. The rain continues and water is standing in all of the low spots. 25 The Bn. barber came out to the Unit. He was busy all day long cutting hair. In the evening, the Men went to a movie, or tried to. Two different movies proved to be closed. So, back to camp for evening. 26 Nothing exciting took place around here all day long. The evening meal again was a masterpiece concorted by our cooks, Chicken with all the trimmings. 27 For the first time in days the Sun remained in view for more than a few hours. Just after dark, huge formations of Bombers passed overhead. Control Center #2 informed us that a severe frost was expected. So, all the water was drained from the radiators of the vehicles. 28 A cold day, getting colder as the day progressed. All of us expect a real freeze tonight. In the evening Lt. Toske was called into Control Center #2 for the purpose of attending an Officers meeting. 29 Tried to get some beer yesterday. No luck. This afternoon Lt. Toske went out to see how well he would fare. He came back with beer. Everyone is happy. Huge formations of Bombers again overhead. However it was so foggy, we couldn't see any of them. Chaplain Treese called from Control Center #2 and said he would visit tomorrow. 30 The Chaplain delevered a speech about behavior of troops when and if we enter Germany. His talk was very interesting. He cited several cases of American soldiers being killed because they were too familiar with the German people. All Men were very serious and I think the speech was taken to heart by all.DECEMBER 1 Four hour maintenance period today. The inside of the Van was scrubbed. All this rain we have had these past weeks has resulted in mudpuddles. Much mud was carried into the Radar Van. So the worst was scraped off today. Lt. Barbara Weber, wife of our Crew Chief, T/4 Weber, came out to visit her husband here at the camp site. She is once more stationed near by. 2 Quite by accident, we discovered that wild boar are wandering around the country side. So today a few of the Men went on a boar hunt. They returned to camp, tired but no boar. Said they would try again within the next few days. 3 Pvt. Townley, a Radar operator was sent out from Headquarters. He is now assigned to OKLAHOMA Unit. T/4 Weber went to Ordance to pick up our Radar motor. It wasn't ready and probably won't be for several days. Capt. Schiff sent for the substitute motor we have been using, sending yet another motor in it's place4 Capt Evans, 1st Sgt. Doerge and Pvt. Hennenger were out to visit the Unit. Capt. Evans paid the Men. 5 Some of the Men went on a boar hunt. Several hours later they all came back - no boar. 6 Capt. David Kahn, M.C. gave V.D. lecture, Physical inspection and shots today. 7 Finally was able to get our Radar motor back from Ordance. KANSAS Unit returned our IFF antenna which they have been using for some time. Chaplain Treese stopped by a moment for a short visit. 8 No unusual occurances. 9. Lt. Kern from 64th Fighter Wing Hq. inspected the Camp Area. Capt. Eans stopped by for a moment. 10. Changed motors on the Radar today. Hooked up our own motor. The spare will be kept by us for the time being to be used by either DAKOTA or ourself if motor failure should come to either teams. Lt. Moran was out to visit the Unit today. He brought one fifth of Scotch and 1 pint of Gin for T/4 Weber, Glassman and Kontadtt. 11. Lt. Wallace visited the Unit. Lt. Barbara, sprouse of our Crew Chief spent the afternoon and evening here. The sight of an American Woman once more put the Men on their best behavior. The weather today was vile couldn't decide if it should rain or snow, so it did both. 12. Lt. Robert I. Hyman, 212 SRMU. This Officer and three EM of a 584 Radar Maint. team from the Sig. C. stopped by to check our 584's performance. Said they would be here tomorrow to do some maintenance on the Unit. 13. Lt. R.I. Hyman and his maintenance team were out again today and did some maintenance on the Radar set. Men were sent out on a wood gathering detail. The weather was fair for a change. Got colder during the night, cold enough to freeze. It was a good night for the Men to test the new Sleeping Bags that had just been issued. 14. New type Combat Jackets were issued to all Men of the Unit. 15. Lt. Friedlander and Lt. Epperling visited the Unit this morning and inspected the Radar. Lt. Epperling is the Educational Officer of the Bn. He talked to Pfc Chittenden about becoming a teacher under this Educational System as soon as hostiities cease. Chaplain Treese visited the Unit and had Supper with us. 16. The EM's club of the 582nd SAW Bn. held a dance in Rosieres during the evening. The Men not on duty, or Men not otherwise occupied in camp attended the dance. A good time was had by all who went. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN Detachment Nov. 27 -- Dec. 10,1944 Prepared by Wm. Eagle, Sgt. NOVEMBER 27 Moved from St. Die today to Diespatch in the Voges Range. Capt. Evans, Sgt. Doerge came out to visit us tonight. We are not set up as yet. 28 Dispatch. Still not set up. Doubt if we will be here much longer. Capt. Evans, Sgt. Doerge left after 12:00. 29 Moved to Mutzig today to French barracks. We are in with 6th Corps. Expect to Operate here. WV-8092. 30 Set up for Operations this afternoon. Fighting is still going on for the Fort not more than 2 or 3 air miles from our barrack. Capt. Davidson and Lt. Anderson out to see Lt. Viril today. DECEMBER 1 Mutzig. Still not Operating. Probably start in soon. Had 7 P-47's Dive Bombing the Fort yesterday and 24 of them Dive Bombing today and it was quite a sight to see. They looked like Fire Bombs. Some of them sonded like Concussion Bombs. 2 Mutzig. Operated for most of the day. Operations going well when we are operating. 3 Mutzig. Operating, part of the day. Trouble caused us to shut down because of the EF Section in the transmission line. Rumors of moving soon. 4 Mutzig. We are told we will move tomorrow.5 Dettwiller. Moved from Mutzig WV-8092 to Dettwiller WQ-8118. Capt. Evans and Sgt. Doerge out to pay us on our arrival to out new site. 6 Dettwiller. Started in Operations today and getting our share of Plots considering the weather and flying conditions. We got our Personnel Carrier back today after 6 weeks. 7 Dettwiller. Operations normal. No change today. 8 Dettwiller. Capt. Palmer out to visit today. Mr. Hixon out to visit the Unit also check the set. 9 Dettwiller. Operations normal. No change today. 10 Dettwiller. Mr. Moran out to visit our Unit today. Operations normal. Operating during the day only, because of Order from 6th Corps. No other changes. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING DetachmentNov. 19 - Dec. 30, 1944 Prepared by Lt. O. D. Satterfield NOVEMBER 19 Lt. Kern, representing 64th Fighter Wing, made an inspection of our Unit today. His remarks were favorable as to the condition of our camp in general and the Military Conduct of all individuals. 20 Capt. Evans, our Commanding Officer, paid us a visit today. He brought various information of value to the Unit and to individual personnel. He also made an inspection of our camp. 21 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at Forward Sector #2 today. 22 Weather is still very bad. Our road to camp continues to get worse day by day if that is possible. We are making good use of the winch on our truck to get out and in. 23 Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, brought our Whiskey rations today. 24 Lt. Turner, Medical Officer for Forward Sector #2, made an inspection of Unit and Men today. He got his Ambulance stuck in our driveway and it proved to be some problem to get it out. 25 We enjoyed a brisk game of volley ball today as the weather broke for the better. The Sun sure was a welcome sight. 26 Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, visited Unit today. We are getting quite a bit of reading material of late. This is our sole means of passing free and leisure time. There are still no movies available and no towns for the Men to go on pass. 27 Weather has turned nice again. We are occasionally enjoying a brisk game of volleyball. It sure ups the Morale. 28 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at Forward Sector #2 HQ. 29 Capt. Evans, our Commanding Officer made a short visit today. 30 Lt. Kern, representing 64th Fighter Wing, made his regular inspection today. All remarks were of the best. DECEMBER 1 We suffered a major breakdown today at 2330 hrs. The trouble was in the Transmitter but it could not be definately traced to any one part. Our only solution was to send R. R. M. U. for a complete Transmitter. 2 Our Transmitter arrived about 1500 hrs. today and we reported back on the air at 1630 hrs. 3 Today was very rainy. Truck made a trip to ARIZONA Unit to send for equipment and supplies at HQ. 4 Still raining to start the day. Cleared up about noon and the rest of the day was very nice. 5 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meting at Forward Sector #2 HQ. Today was much nicer than the average. 6 Capt. Evans, our Commanding Officer, paid Men today. 7 Took 2 1/2 Ton tuck to Ordance and pick up 1 1/2 Ton P/C, which had been in Ordance over two weeks. We are experiencing much difficulty in keeping transportation, with the mud being the most trouble. 8 Another rainy day. Have been getting very few plots the past week. 9 We purchased a cross-cutsaw for Unit at Lure. Wood being our only fuel, with much sawing to be done, it was decided to go into business in a proper manner. 10 Today was a pretty fair day, although it was a little colder than usual. 11 Weather returned to normal today, that is, very rainy. 12 Several Men attended a show at Forward Sector Ops #2 HQ. It was a technicolor called "Greenwich Village". Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at Forward Sector Ops #2 HQ in afternoon. 13 T/5 Minne replaced Pvt. Palmer as a cook in our Unit. 14 Lt. Turner, Medical Officer of FSO #2, made an inspection of Men and camp and gave a Sex lecture. Saw show at FSO #2 HQ. 15 Very cold this morning. Did not warm up much all day. With all the mud we are experiencing, it would be to our advanage if the ground would stay frozen. 16 Cold again this morning but the Sun came out bright and clear and the result was a very beautiful day. 17 Today was a very beautiful day. 18 Weather returned to normal today, that is, it rained most of the day. 19 Several Men saw a show at Forward Sector Ops #2, "It Happened Tomorrow". 20 Had another pretty fair day today. Sun came out several times. 21 Mr. Moran brought payroll around today. 22 Received Sleeping Bags and new Jackets for Men today. 23 Had a touch of real winter today as the weather turned very cold. 24 Today was clear and cold. 25 Several Children were made happy in the little village of Pompiere today. Our Men distributed several little gifts of candy, gum and assorted articles. 26 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at FSO #2. 27 A new site was found today. 28 Unit was supposed to move today but at last minute the move was delayed 24 hours. 29 Moved to new location near Alkirch. 30 Everyone was very busy today getting our new living quarters into conditon. We are living in a French School building. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachment 3 - 30 December 1944 Prepared by E. C. Springer, Cpl. DECEMBER 3 For this day--Nothing to report. This evening, around 2200, W/O Moran, (Battalion Assistant Adjutant) arrives to interview Pvt. McGrath pertaining to the Pvts. request for an emergency furlough. The Army - Navy Football game caused quite a bit of money to "Change Hands" in this Platoon. Some eighty dollars--to be exact. 4 Sgt. Struzik, from the 89th Ordance, comes down to get some information about our Mobile equipment. (His outfit is located 23k from Straussburg.) 5 MESSAGE FROM OPS Dated 4th Dec. 1944 "All Dental Appointments cancelled until further notice." Lt. Merblum from ARIZONA Unit pays us a short visit. Lt. Erpelding (Ops#2) arrives with Lts. Fallon and Cooke's pay. The Lt. is Educational Officer of the Battalion, and it seems that big things are in themaking. 6 Nothing of importance for today. The weather? Lets skip that. 7 At 1330, Capt. Guthrie and driver Zeigler arrive at this camp. The Captain is here to straighten out some of the numbers on our equipment. (CC #2, out of Nancy, is where the Capt. is stationed.) Our Captain Merrill, with Sgt. Barkley plus driver Marsh, arrive to spend the night with us. 8 After a windy, miserable night, Captain Merrill and party depart. Lt. Cooke, Supply Sgt. and driver Batz, leave this morning for the Nancy Area. (A trip to Battalion Supply for material and R. R. M. U. for Radar parts - will be made. Sgt. Vitrano with driver T/5 Brown depart for Dole and also the Hospital at Besoncon to try and obtain the release of T/5 Roark. T/5 Roark reports back to duty. 9 The inspection this morning was "Excellent". Lt. Fallon and Sgt. Vitano conduct same. Around 2030, Lt. Cooke and party arrived back in this camp--Cold and hungry-- But they obtained what they went for---Also, about a half a ton of coal--I suggested that it looked "Just Like Pennsylvbania Coal". Lt. Cooke glared at me! (Should have waited until he was warm and fed before wisecracking about Pennsylvania!" 10 A dreary Sunday morning is the offering for today. Hostile Aircraft were reported within thirty miles of this station last night. At 1530, two of our EM find two Frenchmen loitering near our Motor Pool. A can of G.I. paint is missing, and is found near the apprehended Frenchmen. Lt. Fallon puts the Frenchmen under arrest and has them impounded in the Bastille at Villesexel. The Frenchmen denie the theft of the paint--but admit that they "Hid" from our guard because they "Were afraid." Lt. Fallon lets them "Cool off" for the night in the Bastille - then after a through investigation by himself and the local Gendarme, the Men were found to be Local Petty Thieves but free from any suspicion of Espionage. These Men, now free, are under observation and their actions will be closely watched in the future. Lt. Fallon had no proof that the paint was taken by the Frenchmen--But I'll wager that they will give this Unit a wide berth in the future. 11 Nothing of importance to report for today. 12 This morning (0815) a patch of blue sky was seen for half an hour or so --But it was just a teaser, for now the skky is, as most always, dull, grey, and dripping with moisture. Lt. Fallon leaves for his weekly meeting at Ops #2. 2315--"Message from Ops #2." "Lt, Turner will visit Platoon Thursday." That patch of blue sky materialized into a beautiful sunshiny day! The EM enjoy a "Cinema" at Ops #2 this evening. 13 Near 1600, Lt. England, T/5 Eder, T/5 Herbeck and (driver) Brady, arrive from the 602 Engineers (near Nancy) to look over the camouflage possibilities of our Unit. They will return in four or five days. 1930--W/O Smith stops in at this Unit on his way back from Bn. Hdqs. Mr. Smith brings us our PX Supplys and Sleeping Bags. 14 Lt. Turner is here again. We are treated to a Delux Sex Talk and then get the "Once Over." Capt. Merrill, Pvt. Jones and driver Marsh, pay us a short visit, then depart for IOWA Platoon. 15 0945--Lt. Fallon gives a talk on the "German Underground Movement." An open discussion is held on the above subject. 16 The usual Saturday morning inspection is held. Lt. Fallon says, "The Camp is in Excellent Condition." 1320--A practice alert is held--The 50 cal. guns are limbered up, and the EM take their positions. This afternoon, one of our EM is careless with gasoline. The fire that followed burned part of the Latrine screen and fly. Six EM get permission to go hunting---Deer were seen, also fifty wild Mallad Ducks. The Men arrive back in camp, tired but happy. There is nothing like hunting to raise the Morale---and Prophylactics are never needed after a hunting trip. 17 This morning a talk was given by Lt. Fallon to all of our drivers on "The Reduction of Motor Vehicle Accidents." 1530 hours--Lt. Moran arrives from Battalion Headquarters to check our wants in Special Service. From Fwd. Ops #2, Capt. Bailey and Lt. Fields arrive and discuss technical matters with Lt. Fallon. 2355 hours--Large mnumbers of (reported friendly) Aircraft are heard overhead. To the East, and Northeast, something definately "Big" is taking place. An "Alert" is sounded and all our EM go to their post. A message from VIRGINIA Unit tells us that enemy paratroopers are said to be dropped in this vicinity--We are waiting for them. 18 Nothing of importance to report for today. 19 The Pass Truck leaves for Belfort this morning. Its been quite a chore to find a suitable "Pass Town" since Besoncon has been placed "Off Limits." 20 Lt. Fallon leaves for Nancy on Official Business. 1300 hours--Mr. Moran and driver Artea arrive with the payroll for us to sign. The weather has turned "Bitter Cold" and our greatest worry right now is the problem of our Water Trailer freezing up. A plan to run the trailer undercover is being worked out. 21 MESSAGE from THE WING 1614 hours "Be especially on the alert tonight and every night. Double guard and watch for Espionage, Sabatage and Infiltration." 22 1514 hours--An alert is sounded--Unfriendly planes are reported near by and machine gun fire is heard. 23 Lt. Fallon gives talk on "China and its Problems" this morning in the Supply Tent. (Time-0930) The Saturday morning inspection found this camp in "Excellent condition. "The picture show at Ops #2 is held--But few EM attend- Cause: The exceedingly cold weather. 24 Christmas Eve--But nothing of importance to report for this morning. Lt. Merblum and Lt. Moran pay us a visit in the evening. A few of the Men go down to the village of Gouhenans to attend mid-night Mass. The weather is clear and cold, and we are thankful that the mud is now frozen. 25 The Mess Hall is to be "The Place" today. A seven foot spruce tree adorbes the center--A few evergreens are put around the tent walls to help with the decoration scheme. The Christmas Dinner, served at 1600, lived up to all expectations. A Cinema was made available to the EM at Ops #2--very few took advantage of the opportunity--It is just too cold. 26 Nothing to report today-so will do a little rambling on my favorite subject` "Birds". Numbers of large Brown Hawks have arrived with the cold weather--These birds look very similiar to the Ferruginous Rough Legged variety, but couldn't be this species, as they are indigenous to Western North America. The Farmers in this vicinity should welcome these Hawks as the country-side is overrun with Rodents. 27 We understand that we are going to move--So, Lt. Fallon and Pvt. Laurence (driver) leave bright and early to visit our proposed new location. 1030 hours--Captain Merrill and driver Marsh pay us a visit. MESSAGE fron I.C.(time, 2005) "Don't close down until further notice". 28 1430 hours--Lt, Fallon leaves for meetings at Ops #2. At the Lieutenants return, we learn that we will not have to move. W/O Smith and T/5 Wampler (driver), bring out a fan belt. Our Unit is to be shut down at 2400-hours, while Ops #2 and the other Units move. 29 Lt. Fallon decides to move the living quarters down off of this hill. The new location, a little less than a mile from the Unit, is a group of Factory Buildings. 30 Today is spent moving to the new quarters. It will be a hundred per-cent better for all concerned. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment10 Nov - 9 Dec. 1944 Prepared by A. G. Taylor, Jr., 2nd Lt. NOVEMBER 10 Lt. Taylor hurries out early in the morning to see if our P/C is ready for release fron Ord. Mr. Moran turns up in his Jeep with four pairs of Galoshes. Requisition called for 12 pairs. Pfc. Riddle was informed yesterday by Bn. Supply that Mr. Moran would have sweaters for our Unit, but he answered our questions with `Je ne sais pas': Oh well -- C'est La Gueree. Lt. Taylor returns without P/C. Weather --Damp and cloudy. Mess -- Excellent. Morale -- Very satisfacrory. 11 Our AN/TPS-1 has been combed throughly but the remedy for its ailment hasn't definately been established. Message sent to RMU for spaces but no reply as yet. Our `Border' John Severson (Motor Pool Driver) is given instructions to bring back 100 gal. of 100 Octane gas. The chap must be having a hell of a time, because its late in the evening & he hasn't made an appearence. Weather -- Intermittent rain. Mess -- Excellent (Pork Chops) Morale -- " " 12 Lt. Taylor left for Bn. Supply. To turn in Salvage, and get a stove, and salvage equipment. Had Mail Call also. We got Sleeping Bags also. Then information came out that we were going to move the next day. Then we packed part of the cargo truck for the night. Weather -- Cloudy. Mess -- Excellent. Mprale -- Very satisfactory. 13 MICHIGAN and OHIO Units moved. New location flat country near Hegeney. Sgt. Lape and cargo truck to Ord. for necessary repairs in A.M. returned with same in P.M. Unit ready for Operation by 1600 hours. Roads congested military vehicles and supplies of every description "All Roads Lead to Berlin!" Lots of heavy shelling; enemy lines evidently close by. Morale -- Satisfactory. Mess -- " Weather -- Overcast, cold, but no rain. 14 No Operating Orders as yet. Set Operating very satisfactory. New type "Sleeping Bags" issued to personnel. "PX" rations; one bottle of beer per Man; two Xmas cards; plus a few sundries to be drawn for. Sgt. Celli and Pfc. Crabb absent; for purpose of returning Unit "PC" vehicle has been at Ord. for necessary repairs. "Today" ration day; "10 in 1's." Morale -- Satisfactory. Mess --Very Satisfactory. Weather --Cloudy to clear and cold. 15 Sgt. Celli & Pfc. Crabb absent for purpose of returning P/C (2nd day.) Stove installed in Radar-Van; should help a plenty; as these nights are getting colder. Weather -- Clear and cold. Mess -- Satisfactory. Morale -- Satisfactory. 16 T/Sgt. Celli and Pfc Crabb return, from their two day leave, with the P/C and general appearence the vehicle looks the same but heard that motor work was done. Lt. Anderson makes a surprise visit and disappears in the same manner. Approximate time spent in Unit -- 59 Seconds flat. Weather -- Clear and cold. Mess -- Satisfactory. Morale -- Very satisfactory. 30 A beautiful morning and perfect for the job that confronts us. Radar is up approximately half mile from our quarters. Cargo truck & P/C are taken in to Ord. for repairs. P/C returns late in the evening but the GMC requires a few days for the necessary work to be done. Lt. Taylor holds a meeting with the Men concerning our preent duties and problems. Weather -- clear & fairly warm in the early afternoon but cold & brisk in the evening hours. Mess -- Very satisfactory. Morale -- " " " DECEMBER 1 Monthly reports are due and steps are being taken to get them in on time. The Higher Ups of Sixth Corps gives Orders to remove our Kitchen from the building given us. Arrangements finally made to mess with Sixth Corps. Weather -- Cloudy & cold. Mess - Very satisfactory. Morale -- " " " 2 The hill facing our quarters drew quite a bit of attention today. As the story goes, the Fort which set on top of the hill is manned by Germans and the Air Force kept buzzing them with Fire Bombs. Pretty picture to see from a safe distance. Motor Pool sends driver and 2 1/2 ton GMC to remain with this Unit until our cargo vehicle is released by Ord. After supper, Orders are received that we will Operate continuously throughout the night. The evening shift pickes up the enemy flight that kept our Ack-Ack guns going full blast but lost them for good as they entered our PEs. Weather -- Clear most of the day with rain in the late hours. Mess -- Very satisfactory but not quite enough for a Man with a good appetite. Morale -- Excellent. 3 Lt. Taylor leaves right after Breakfast for Hq. P/C filled up with some old 602 equipment and other odds and ends that we have been carrying around for some unknown reason. Plus equipment, number of Monthly Reports are also taken in, Today we learn why Orders was received to start continously. We will operate from 1900 hours to 0600 hours as Early Warning and the rest of the day we will employ to direct horsefly in their Missions. Weather -- Cloudy and damp. Mess -- Very satisfactory. Morale -- " " " 4 Rumors of moving again comes true at 1000. Down comes the Radar equipment and vehicles are loaded with everything but personal belongings and a few of the Kitchen supplies. The latest reports received states that our move will take place sometime before noon tomorrow. The Men take life easy the rest of the day. Weather -- Rain throughout the day. Mess -- Excellent -- Pork Chops. Morale -- Very satisfactory. 5 After Breakfast, bed rolls and their personal articles are packed into the vehicles and at 0900 hrs. MICHIGAN and OHIO begin their 20 mile jaunt. Lt. Whitlock meets our convoy and takes us directly to our Radar site. While equipment is being erected, Lt. Virili takes off in search of adequate housing for the Men. Before moving into our new homes, Capt. Evans finds an empty room which is converted into a Pay Office and the Men receive their Monthly sums without too much delay. Quarters are cleaned and, immediately after the Kitchen is set up, the men move into their new homes. Weather -- Intermittent rain through the day. Mess -- Satisfactory. Morale -- " " 6 Cargo truck departs early for rations. P/C goes to Ord. for repairs. Orders officially puts us on the air at 11:00 hrs. Personnel of this Unit (MICHIGAN also) fairly well settled in our new quarters. Comparatively scattered as a well patterned buck shot, but comfortable, never the less. Weather -- Intermittent rain, variable winds. Mess -- Very satisfactory. Morale -- Excellent -- mail received today. 7 Cargo truck is detailed for gravel as Radar site is quite a morass. Elaborite line system is established with all parts of our well scattered Units. T/5 Joseph Rodock, our cook, receives secondary burns from boiling water. 6th Corps Dispensary reports the case as nothing serious. ME-109 observed flying very low in vicinity of Radar site; no offensive action by said plane was observed . Weather -- Overcast with occasional rains. Morale -- Very satisfactory Mess -- Very satisffactory. 8 T/5 Rodock returns to 6th Corps Dispensary for Medical attention. Last night Mr. Hixon pays our quarters a visit. Will remain overnight & check MICHIGAN's 584 tomorrow. Activities held down to a minimum boundy given special attention & priority rights. Weather -- Favoriable -- Clear & dry. Mess -- Very satisfactory. Morale -- " " " 9 This morning the set refused to go on the air, and causing S/Sgt. Garvey a long hard days works that ended with little result. Pfc. Douglas Riddle, took a run into Headquarters to deliver some Reports and return Summer issue of clothes. Being a "on the ball" Joe his mission was accomplished with a success that has no parallel in OHIO's part history, for he returned with the long awaited Whiskey issue!! HISTORICAL DIARY ---------------- TRAVELS, LOCATIONS, PERSONALATIES, EVENTS, ETC. OF A `LIGHT WARNING RADAR UNIT' IN WORLD WAR II FOREWARD -------- DUE TO CHANGES OF PERSONNEL, COMMANDING OFFICER & ORGANIZATIONAL SET-UPS, THIS LOG IS BEING COMPILED FROM THE NOTES OF, AND WITH THE AID OF THE REMAINDING To properly chronicle this story of the OHIO Unit it will be necessary to go back to the days before it was known by the title OHIO'. This Unit was formed out of `A' Company of the 561st Signal A. W. Bn. (Sep). The 561st Signal A.W. Bn. (Sep.) left for overseas September 27, 1942. They sailed on the British liner `Queen Mary'. As usual, they were required to perform the duties of `K.P.' and `Fire Guard'. It was a swift, and except for one incident, and uneventful crossing. This regrettable calamity occured appoximately 400 miles short of their destination. The pride of the British Luxury Liner collided with one of their Cruisers which disappeared immediately to the unfathomable depths of the Atlantic Ocean. Crippled from the devesting impact of the collision, the huge ship (QUEEN MARY)continued her watery track under reduced speed. Debarkation was at Grenoch, Scotland on the `Firth of Clyde' in the year 1942 on the third day of October. English hospitality was in full bloom when the Men placed their feet on the Island. The English band went through its repertoire of patriotic music but the Men only had a few seconds to enjoy their harmonic offerings. They were hurried to the waiting train and immediately were off for `Stone England'. `Womens Workers Hostel' proved to be more than was expected in the way of quarters. Two Men to a room with clothesclosets and bureaus. For twelve days they (561st personnel) were victims of a strenous training program. The conditional ordeal taxed their physical stamina (so they say) but their recuperative poweres worked wonders and had them ready for the go duringtheir liberty hours in the evening. The total BLACKOUT proved to be most annoying. There were more than one case of mistaken identity; many of the fellows barged into private homes thinking it was a Pub. On October 15th the Battalion moved to Liverpool, England where they embarked on the Polish vessel `Batory'. Packed in the hole like sardines in a can. They move through the `Irish Sea' to anchor in the `Clyde River'. October 19th outward and Southward bound. They soon learned this was it. An invasion of `French North Africa'. Yes, a former ally and supposedly a friendly neutral. Deception to be was not known, but for any eventually the `USA' and `The United Kingdom' was prepared. This was the largest flotilla ever assembled in the history of man. Through Gibralter into the Mediterranean and the Algerian coastline on November 8th, `D' day. Perhaps not a great battle here, as Wars go, but sharp and bitter while it lasted. They were transferred from the `Batory' to the `Princess Beatrice' and later to the Cruiser `H.M.S. Aurora'. The Men first set foot on liberated territory on November 13th at `Arsew, Algeria'. One mile out of town a bivouac site was selected and up went Pup tents on the newlywon grounds. `La Senia Airdrome' near `Oran, Algeria' was the next camp site. Up to the month of February 1943, most of the Radar operators were engaged in Operations with English Units. The 561st Radar equipment arrived sometime during themonth of January, 1943. February 12th, 1943 to February 17, 1943 was spent enroute to the Southeast; stopped at `Feriana, Algeria' near the `Tunisian' border. Pitched camp about 16:00 hours in the afternoon on the outskirts of `Feriana'. This movepractically placed the Men on the front line. The morning of the 19th (Feb) Orders were received from Lt. Cunningham to lose no time in getting out of the vicinity because the Germans had made a break-through and were heading in our direction. With no desire to shake the hand of the German General, Rommel, the Men were on the road in record time and arrived in `Ukes-Le-Bane, Algeria at approximately 08:00 hours. This date, 19 Feb. 1945 OHIO Detachment was activated. The Unit consisted of 21 Men: One Officer and 20 Enlisted Men. 2nd Lt. Bishop, Blaine L. Unit Commander Sgt. Sherlock, William Crew Chief T/5 Perkinson, William Radar Operator T/5 Watson, James J. " " T/5 Garvey, Maurice F. " " Pvt. Little, Hugh R. " " Pvt. Johnson, Harry O. " " Pvt. Lee, Walter M. " " Pvt. Goldman, Philip (NMI) " " Pvt. Dempsey, Louis " " Pvt. Leach, Thomas J. " " Pvt. Lapinski, Frank J. " " Pvt. Lutz, Jack D. " " Pvt. Griffith, Albert T. " " Pvt. Moody, James C. Motor Mechanic Pvt. McGlynn, Russel T. Radio Operator T/5 Sorya, (first name unknown) Radio Chief Pvt. Fiendice, " " Radio Operator Pvt. Wopenick, " " " " T/5 Rodock, Joseph (NMI) Cook Pvt. Waring, Stanley Cook's Helper The newly organized team erected their Radar Unit on an Air Strip one mile from `Le Kouf, Algeria' and about eight miles from the front line. On February 23, 1943 another retreat was in store for the Men. The Unit was ordered to evacuate and, being experienced hands, established another record in packing forthe 18 hour trip to `Ain-Beida, Algeria. The following day, February 24, the OHIO Unit returned to its previous site at `Le Kouf' and again went on the airwith their 521 Radar Unit. Moved again on February 28, 1943 to `Thals'. At this time the OHIO Unit receivved their new 602 Radar Unit. Both Units were put into Operations at this location. Pup tents were pitched in a ravine and the African rains came. This was the first time for the OHIO Men to experience the washing away of their canvas shelters. Message was received on March 10, 1943 to report to Headquarters at `Tebessa, Algeria'. At Headquarters Lt. Bishop received Orders and information for the next site. The Unit was taken to `Feriana, Algeris' by Lt. Cunningham for a two day rest. The 602 Radar Unit was put into Operations on March 13, 1943. The new site was approximately 50 miles South of `Tebessa, Algeria' on the edge of the Sahara Desert. The new Radar Unit was a vast improvement over the 521 and this fact was welcomed by all of the Radar Operators. Enroute to `Kairoun, Tunisia' from April 10 to 13th. Put in approximately 12 hours of Radar Operations and then prepared, according to Orders, for another move in the morning. In the morning, the convoy got under way to the new site which was a rough three to five miles away. Radar was erected and on the air before noon of the same day. The following day a British Radar Unit was brought in to take over the Operational site and the OHIO Unit went off the air as soon as our ally was ready for Operations. From `Kairoun' to `Le Sers' on the 16th of April. Here at Headquarters the Unit received a `Personnel Carrier' bring their total transportation vehicles up to the grand figure of three. Lyon, a Medic, was added to the roster of the OHIOUnit. After the rest at Battalion Headquarters, the Unit moved on the 23rd of April to, Thala, Tunisia' one of their previous Radar sites. The Unit remained at this location until May 6th. May 7th the Detachment reported back to Battalion Headquarters as per orders. On May 12th 1943, while still at Headquarters, it was officially announced that all resistance had terminated. A few days after this announcement Commendations were received from Colonel Hawkins, Commanding Officer of the 64th Fighter Wing, praising the Radar Units for their part in Operations against the enemy. The entire Battalion, including the OHIO Detachment moved to `Korba'; the Cape of Northeast Tunisia. This event occured on the 19th of May 1943. In the evening, Lt. Bishop was given information concerning their move which was to take place in the morning. `Grombalia, Tunisia' was the selected location for the new site. Arrived at noon on the 20th of May and Radar put into Operations in the early afternoon. Due to `Jerry' jamming, Orders were received from Bn. Hq. to cease all Operations until further notice. The OHIO Unit remained off the air until Orders were received to report back to Headquarters. This Order was received on June 1st 1943. On June 9th the Detachment was sent to the Northeast extreme point of Cape Bon for Operations. The Radar site was approximately 75 yards from the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The weather was perfect for swimming and it wasn't long before all the Personnel had darkened a shade or so. The Men enjoyed this perfect set-up until the morning of the 15th when Orders were received to report back to Battalion Headquarters at `Korba'. Arriving at Hq., the Men were instructed to turn in all winter clothing and to crate allcomponents of the Radar Unit. On the morning of the 16th, six members of the OHIO Unit was left behind to take care of some of the Unit equipment and the rest of the Personnel proceeded to the `Ferryville' Staging Area. This was the first step for the invasion of Sicily. In the Staging Area each Man received Khaki uniforms and the Unit was given a new 602 Radar Unit. Life in the Staging Area was blissful; every night a movie and there was no restriction in the percentage of Men permitted to go onpass in the immediate vicinity. At 13:00 hours on July 5th the Men were taken to the `Ferryville' docks where they boarded Higgins Boats which took them aboard an L.S.T. Everyone looked forward to the coming invasion of Sicily with anxiety; giving deep thought to the reception that was in store for them. On the morning of the 8th the powerful motors of the L.S.T. set the War Ship in motion for the big show that was soon to have its premier showing. The big day, July 10, 1943, the OHIO Unit arrived at the `Lacata' Beach about 02:00 hours. The invasion got under way approximately an hour later but it wasn't until 11:00 hours that the Men set foot on the Island. The first wave of Jerry Bombers interrupted the De-water proofing of the vehicles but the job was completed and the vehicles sent ahead to the new site. Radar went on the air at 16:00 hours. The six Men left behind with Battalion Headquarters joined the Unit some days later at this location. July 31, 1943 the Unit moved to `Port Empedecola' near `Agrigento'. The Men bivouaced in a grape vineyard and slept under the clear blue skies. On August 22, 1943 the Unit was called in from its Operational site to Battalion Headquarters. All of the Radar Units were in at the Battalion Headquarters and the Men had the time of their life relating their experiences with the other Units. August 29, 1943 the Unit move North with the Battalion to an Assembly Area near `Milazzo, Sicily'. September 3rd the Unit moved to `Phillips-Del-Mels' Staging Area. This move was for the preparation of the coming invasion of Italy. At the Staging Area, the Men slept under the trees and mess at English Kitchens. The Men were still in the Staging Area when the good news was heard via radio that Italy had surrendered and that the Italian mainland was invaded at `Salerno'. These Historical eventsoccured on the 8th and 9th of September, 1943. From the Staging Area, the Unit proceeded to `Milazzo' where they were put aboard an L.S.T. on September 10, 1943. In the evening of the same day, the L.S.T. pulled away from shore and headed for Salerno. Arrived at bloody Salerno, on September 11th about 08:00 hours. The OHIO Unit joined the other Radar Unit at the Assembly Area and spent the day waiting for further Orders. On September 12th the Unit was moved to `Agropoli' and in the afternoon Radar was ready for Operations. Sometime during the month of Oct., Lt. Bishop was transferred to the WYOMING Unit, and Lt. Whitlock took over duties as Commanding Officer of the OHIO Detachment. The Unit was summoned to Battalion Headquarters at `Frattamaggiore' on November 18th, 1943. Battalion now known as the 582nd Signal A.W. Battalion. During the stay at Bn. Hq., the 602 Radar Unit was mounted on the body of the GMC 2 1/2 Ton truck and the vehicle built up as a Van. This stay also gave the Men the opportunity to visit Naples and othertowns in the vicinity. With a month's supply of rations, the Unit moved out of Bn. Hq. area to the Dock at Naples. All equipmwnt and Personnel was placed on an L.C.T. and at midnight the ship headed for their new site. The barren rocky Island of `Ventotene', which was destined to become their home for many months, was sighted at daybreak and unloading began about 08:00 hours on the 15th of December, 1943. Estimated population of the Island was approximately 900, and the overall picture of the place gave no reason for rejoicing. Fortunately, the prison barracks was unhabited and was, by far, the best quarters the Men had since `D' day in Africa. The Radar was erected on the Northeast point of the Island giving coverage over the `Gaeta' and `Naples' Bay. In the last week of April, 1944, Lt. Parks replaced Lt. Whitlock as Commanding Officer of the OHIO Detachment. During this shift of Unit Officer, the OHIO Detachment received Cpl. Alfred Tyndall, Medic, to replace OHIO's Medic who was Hospitalized at this time. In the beginning of May occured the oganizational change of Unit Personnel. The present OHIO Roster is much the same now as it was after this change, except for a few changes that will be noted. 1st Lt. Parks, Walter Commanding Officer T/Sgt. Celli, James Platoon Chief S/Sgt. Garvey, Maurice F. Radar Mech. T/3 De Selms, Wayne E. Radio Chief Sgt. Lape, William A. Radio Operator T/4 Burleson, Robert M. Radar Operator T/5 Goldman, Philip (NMI) " " T/5 Lutz, Jack D. " " T/5 Watson, James J. " " T/5 Nobelmann, William J. Power Plant Attendant T/5 Rodock, Joseph (NMI) Chief Cook Cpl. Tyndall, Alfred Medic Pfc Crabb, Clarence L. Radar Operator Pfc Christopherson, Gordon Radio Operator Pfc Riddle, Douglas A. Radio Operator Pvt. Piper, Richard W. Radar Operator Pvt. Piper, Rodger D. " " Pvt. Perugini, Frank E. " " Pvt. Lapinski, Frank J. " " Pvt. Kosiba, Walter M. " " Pvt. Nix, Gordon " " May 31, 1944 back to the mainland by means of British LCT. Arrived in Naples and from there proceeded to Battalion Headquarters at `Frattamaggiore'. Bivouaced in a grove with a number of other Radar Units which had been ordered back to Headquarters. The reason for calling in the various Radar Units was because of the big drive to Rome was well under way. The following day June 1st Pfc. Glen K. Carden joined the Unit as assistant cook and Lt.Osterberg replaced Lt. Parks as Unit Commander. June 4th enroute North, by was of the Appean Way (highway #7). Gaeta Point, to Terracine Cape. Spent the night at Headquarters Motor Pool which was located deep in the woods. Radar was set up on June 5th on the Beach of Terracinn Cape. Approximately three miles from Bn. Motor Pool. Radar was ready for Operations but didn't go on the air because Orders were received to be prepared for a move in the morning. Enroute again on June 6th, through Anzio, to Frascati. camp site was on hill top in a cornfield. At this site the Detachment received their new IFF Unit. On June 8th the Detachment convoy was on the move again; passing through Historical Rome to new camp site at Capranica. Erected Radar in a wheatfield that was occupiedby 1st Armored Division tanks for the night. On June 25th Northward again to a site near `Montefrescone' and `Aquapendente'. Waiting for front to advance. Enroute again on June 30th to `San Quirico' which lies just South of Siena, Radar in operations but Air Activity practically nil during the days spent at this site. Cpl. Edwards replaced Pvt. Gordon Nix. Orders received to report to Naples immediately on the evening of July 19th. Morning of the 20th the OHIO Detachment was on wheels heading South and stopping overnight at the Air Corps Rest Center in Rome. On the road again in the morning of the 21st to arrive in `Quilano' Assembly Area in the late afternoon. (Not far from Frattamaggiore, Italy). The morning of the 23rd the Unit moved a short distance to the Santa Maria Airport. Vehicles were all painted with proper loading numbers for the coming invasion of Southern France. Here, four membrs of the Detachment Personnel took the cargo truck and Personnel Carrier to the `Dallas Staging Area' in Naples; where they went aboard a Liberty Ship on August 1, 1944. August 7th T/Sgt Calli came down withPneumonia and was taken to the Hospital. August 10, the remaining personnel moved over to the `Dallas Staging Area' and got aboard an L.S.T. early in themorning of August 11, 1944. From August 11th to 15th enroute to Southern France. all of `D' day was spent off shore awaiting Orders to dock on the beach. Landed on `Yellow Beach' on August 16, 1944. Encountered a little trouble when the Radar truck bogged down on the beach but with the aid if a Half Track the vehicle was moved to more secure grounds. Cpl. Alfred Tyndall. the Medic, broke his leg when he tried to seek protection from sniper fire. Meanwhile, Personnel with cargo truck and Personnel Carrier were landed at `Cap-De-Qro' near St. Raphael, France on August 17, 1944. Radar put on the air on August 19th at (Fort Bregaucon)near `Bormes, France'. In September 8th back to Hq. at St. Tropez. Here, Pvts. Perugini, Frank E. and Piper, Roger D. got severly burned by a gasoline fire and were sent to the Hospital. On October 12th 1944 the Unit moved to `Chateau Comarat' where three other Radar Units were quartered. During the days spent at this beautiful site, T/Sgt. James Celli returned to the OHIO Detachment and a new type Radar (AN-TPS-1) was given to the Unit. Few minor changes were necessary to accomodate the new type Radar equipment. The Radar Van was moved to a nearby height for Test Operations which proved very satisfactory. As ordered, the Unit started its long journey North on October 25, 1944; stopping enroute for an overnight stay at `Avignon' amd `Lyons'. Reached our destination (Dole) on October 28th. We bivouaced with the MICHIGAN Unit and thus originated the working team of MICH-OHIO. In the morning 29th the two Units, MICH-OHIO, started for their fist Operational site with 6th Corps. An overnight stay was spent in a paper mill in `Bruyeres' and the following morning we arrived at `Grandvillers' our destination. Radar was made ready for operations but, due to bad weather, practice runs were only made. The twenty-five days spent at this site were the most miserable experienced overseas. The brick factory, our bivouac quarters, appeared solidly constructed but the cold wintery nights found it no barrier to penetrate and little did the stoves help to makethe place comfortable. It was during this cold period that another change was made in the Commanding Officers of this Detachment. Lt. E. K. Osterberg was transferred to Battalion Headquarters for new duties & Lt. Asael G. Taylor, Jr. took over allresponsibilities of the OHIO Unit. At 06:00 hours November 24, 1944, the Men go through the old familiar routine of loading the vehicles for another move. Rousing welcome received at St. Die, which was journey end for this trip. No Radar site was selected, therefore, all equipment was taken to textile factory which was to be our new quarters. The bivouac quarters was unsuitable and the next day we moved approximately four blocks away to a horse stable. The place was cleaned and suited our purpose perfectly. After three days of non-operational duties, the Men were in tip top condition for the move that was ordered on the 27th of November. The town of `Plaine' 20 miles from our last location, was reached in the afternoon about 15:00 hours. A private home, with all accommodations of civilian life, was selected for sleeping quaters. Weather extremly bad at this time and Radar Van moved to the site and left intact. Reluctantly the Men accepted orders for a move on Nov. 29th. Twenty miles further North to `Mutzig'. Radar oriented and operations for Close Support missions began the following day. Ideal sleeping quarters were picked in the 6th Corps Area. Aftr the third day of arrival, quite a bit of attention was given to a hilltop Fort which was manned by Germans. From the OHIO quarters, the Men viewed dropping of fire bombs by our planes over the enemy fortifications. To `Gotteshiem' on Dec. 5th, 1944. Radar site was approximately a mile from the bivouac quarters. Again private homes were selected for housing but the Unit was scattered all about town; five or six in one home, the same number in another and the remaining in another part of the town. Most of the population spoke German and the ones that spoke French had a very noticable German accent. To `Hegeney' France on the 13th of Dec. 1944. New location, flat country, about six miles Northwest of `Nagenau'. Radar site approximately 500 yards from theater building which was our sleeping quarters. Radar missions were plentiful at this site and on more than one occasion theMICH-OHIO team were complimented for their Outstanding work. Not only was our Air Force out in strength but the same can be said for the Germans. On various nights there were nearby strafing by the enemy. The day before Xmas Jerry strafed the main road missing the bivouac quarters by a hair. The same enemy plane swooped directly over the Radar Van but, if the Van was its target, the pilot overshot it. P-47's, with German markings, were also observed by the Men during Radar Operations. These P-47's bombed a town aproximately five miles from camp. Air Activity, at this site, by the enemy will long be remembered by the Men of this Detachment. In the latter part of December 1944 the Germans had their Winter Offensive in full swing and on the 1st of Jan. 1945 information was received to stand by to move at a moments notice. Immediate steps for prepardness was taken by packing all footlockers and other miscellanous items. Approximately at 20:30 hrs. the same day the final message was received notifying the Detachment to get out of the immediate vicinity without delay. The Germans were advancing steadily and there was a possibility that the Unit would be cut off if the advance wasn't checked before the approaches to `Saverne'. The Men worked fast but cautiously and it wasn't long before the Unit was on its moonlight convoy to `Saverne'. The Detachment reported to Battalion Headquartersat `Rosiers' and remained there until ordered out again. This Resume thus ends their experiences for the period from Pre-African Invasion to the end of 1944. We are greatly indebted to S/Sgt. Maurice Garvey and Pvt. Frank Lapiski for the use of their personal notes giving proper dates and locations of this Light Warning Radar Unit which has taken part in every Operation against the enemy since `D' day in North Africa in World War II. s/Asael G. Taylor 1st Lt. Sig. Corps OHIO Det. Comdr. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA Detachment December 1944 Pepared by S/Sgt Robertson 1 Dec WO Pat Smith and Lt. Coldwell dropped in for Lunch. 3 Dec Lt. Donald T. Erpelding stopped in on business. 6 Dec Received Orders to go off the air and prepare to move. 7 Dec Left Chavelot as the civilian population crowded around to bid us farewell. Arrived at Waltenheim at approximately 8:00 P.M. after having driven for over an hour in Blackout. Bedded down for the night in the WASHINGTON Unit's Mess Hall. Doc Summer and T/4 Jullie preferred sleeping in the Van even though they had to sleep on top of Barracks bags etc. The Mess Hall was packed almost to the point where when one Man turned everybody turned. 8 Dec Tried to pull the 584 Van into our new site but couldn't make it with the four ton cargo truck. Nightfall found the Van only part way in. 9 Dec Lt. De Voto asked the aid of CONNECTICUT and they pulled our Van in with their tractor. Went on the air at 2310 hrs. Picked up Aircraft immediately. Moved to Mommenheim. Lived in four different buildings, because better buildings were occupied by other organizations. Many were expecting to move out shortly.11 Dec Major Long came to investigate a Delinquency. 12 Dec Capt. E.E. Evans stopped in for a visit. Ate Supper with us and departed soon afterward. 14 Dec Moved about two blocks to more suitable quarters. 17 Dec WO Wm. A. Reese paid us a visit. 20 Dec Lt. Kern made his periodic inspection. 21 Dec WO Wm. A. Reese paid us a visit. 23 Dec Lt. Victor J. Moran came to check up on Special Service equipment. The Luftwaffe became very active during the hours of darkness. The AAF was conspicuous by it's absence. 25 Dec Christmas Day! The cooks went all out and we really had a feast. Plenty of Turkey, Corn, Dessing, Mashed Potatoes, Cranberry Sauce, and Mince Meat Pie. The civilians gave us baskets of Fruit, Nuts, Cookies, Schnapps, Wine, and Champagne. Our tree was nicely decorated with Window, Cotton (courtesy of Doc Sommer), Candies, and various other items to enhance it's beauty. Christmas night we had a very enjoyable party at a nearby Cafe. 27 Dec WO Wm. A. Reese dropped in for a short visit. 31 Dec Celebrated the end of the old year at the aforementioned Cafe. We all drank to the end of the War in "1945". A good time was had by all. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment December 1944 Prepared by S.L. Hasey, Pfc 1 The weather cleared up and today was the nicest day we've had for quite some time. Air Forces took full advantage of it and we were busy all day long tracking and directing flights over the line. 2 We had a number of Heavy Bombers going overhead this afternoon and this evening, most of them heading for Saarbrucken which is being heavily pounded, Our fair weather seems to be continuing. 3 Everyone has been doing a little laundry, something we shall probably have to get used to from now on. Laundresses are few and far between in these parts. When the Germans entered this town four years ago they took it over completely as a part of Germany. The speaking of French was forbidden. Consequently, all of the Children speak German and the older people speak a mixture of languages. Many of them will talk to soldiers but there is a certain air of resentment everywhere. 4 Not very much mail has been coming in lately but a few of our Christmas packages are beginning to arrive. So, there will probably be a good bit of candy and cake around the house from now on, to add to our rations. There is a sameness to, all the food we get but we have a couple of good cooks who help the situation out a great deal. 5 Our Operatinal hours for the most part are between eight o'clock in the morning and four thirty in the afternoon. After that time the only thing flying is an occasional Night Fighter or, perhaps a Bogie now and then. The Germans do send a plane over once and a while but so far there have been no bombs dropped around here. 6 The front has been moving up so that the lines are just about out of our range now. All of the Machine Gun positions and road blocks which were set up a while back have been moved away. No shells are landing in town, and long convoys are moving through the streets all day. 7 Today we got the word that we are to move out first thing in the morning. So, this afternoon we closed down and went to work in the rain getting the Radar and Power Plant out of the muddy field where they have been. They came out much easier than we expected them to and by Supper time, even though everyone was soaked, our job was done. Then we dried out, had Supper and packed our personal equipment. 8 This morning we moved to the town of Weyer, about 15 miles Northeast of Sarrebourg. All along the way the fields are pockmarked with foxholes, there are barbed wire entanglements and road blocks everywhere, and a number of knocked out tanks, both American and German, lie along the road. 9-12 Tents are not quite as comfortable as buildings but it is possible to make them very livable. We have put gravel on the ground which eliminates a lot of the dampness. A coal yard in town supplies the fuel for our stoves. The Kitchen is in the house and we have put up a Mess Tent just outside of it. In some cases we can see the flights which we are directing, as they circle over the lines, dodging the German Flak. Artillery can be heard very clearly from here. 13 This evening we had the first P.X. issue we have had since landing in France. Not very much; a bottle of Beer, some fruit juices and a little candy. We were also issued our Sleeping Bags, which will probably come in very handy. 14 We are getting some cold weather now; the rain has stopped but it seems cloudy most of the time. A number of the missions which we are directing are going up to the town of Bitche. It is proving quite a tough stronghold to crack. Many of our flights are aimed against pillboxes, trains and motor conoys. 15 We are supposed to be moving up to the town of Goetzenbruk in a day or so. Our site has been chosen but there is still quite a bit of action there as well as a number of Mine Fields. As soon as Corps Headquarters moves we shall move too. 16 Today we could see a great number of tanks and other vehicles on the road moving up towards the front. Our Artillery in the North has been pounding away quite steadily. 17 Tonight shortly after dark, Medium Bombers began passing overhead and continued, wave after wave, for over an hour. We could see sharp flashes of light and hear the rumble of bombs which they dropped somewhere Southeast of us. A very pleasing sight and sound. 18 There are huge Rabbits in the hills behind our site and some of the fellows have been going out looking for them with carbines and a shotgun borrowed from a Frenchman. This afternoon the hunters finally met with success when Abts came in with two of them. Our cook now not only prepares our food but also goes out after it. 19-20 Very little Air Activity these days. The Artillery Northeast of us continues to light up the sky almost continuously with its firing. 21 Received Orders to move tomorrow morning. We are not going to Goetzenbruk after all. But to the town of Saaralbe. So, we took the Radar down tonight and packed up as much of the equipment as possible so as to be ready the first thing in the morning.. 22 This morning we moved to the town of Saaralbe, about 15 miles Northwest of Meyer. Set up in a slight valley in the center of a group of Salt Mines. Corps Headquarters is in a town a mile or so away from us. Most of us slept in the basement of an old Chateau a little distance from the Radar. Some of the heavy Artillery pieces sound fairly close to us here. 23 Moved into rooms in the Chateau today. It appears to be quite old and has the Distinctive Towers and Spires that are generally associated with this type of building. The Spiral Stairways presented a bit of a problem when it came to carrying our bags and boxes up. It isn't quite as large as it appears from the outside but it is large enough for the Unit. Stoves and lights in every room make it quite comfortable. 24 Due to some mix-up at the Ration Dump, we thought we were going to do without Turkey for Dinner tomorrow but Lt. Smith went out today and managed to get some for us. Then this evening we divided up the bottled spirits that we have been saving for a couple of months, now. A very quiet Christman Eve. 25 Christmas Day, the third one overseas but the pleasantest one we have yet spent. A comfortable place to live and good food to eat can make a big difference. We had our Turkey Dinner about two o'clock and then had Hamburger Sandwiches in the evening, although no one was very hungry. Those of us who weren't on duty sat in our rooms drinking a little and talking a lot. But we couldn't help thinking of the Boys on the Fist Army Front who have been pushed back some 50 miles by a big German Attack. 26 The task of homing an occasional plane has been added to our duties. Once in a while an L5 gets himself lost so we pick him up and get him back to his base again. Tonight a couple of "Jerry" planes were over, strafing the road where the Corps Radio Section is located. No damage. 27-28 The weather is quite cold, the ground stays white with frost and all the streams are frozen solid. This is the first real Winter we've experienced in a couple of years. 29 This morning we got Orders to pack up and move to the town of Mittersheim, some 20 miles Southeast of where we were. Apparently a German Counter-Attack is expected in this sector, as a number of outfits are moving back. Road-Blocks are being prepared and Demolition Charges are being attached to strategic bridges. Only a part of the Unit moved this afternoon. The Radar was set up in a field about a mile outside of town. Some of the Men slept in a tent beside the set, while three others slept in a garage. Neither place was any too warm. 30 The rest of the Unit arrived today and we managed to find living quarters. In the rear part of a Church we have sleeping quarters for 15 Men and also have the Kitchen there. Then we have rooms in three private houses where the rest of the Men are sleeping. 31 There are families living in the houses where we have our rooms, so we get a glimpse of home life now and then. This evening a few of us were fortunate enough to be invited to spend New Years Eve with these families. It was indeed a treat to great the New Year in the atmosphere of a real home with a Christmas tree in the corner and cakes and cookies on the table. But at midnight we couldn't help wondering what country we'll be in next year at that time. War Diary 582rd, Signal AW Bn. VERMONT Detachment Nov 28 - Dec 31,1944 Nov 28- On the days mentioned everything was functioning Dec 7 normally without any noteworthy happenings. We are in the City of Saarburg. Dec 8 Orders came through today to pack up and to get ready to roll. We left Saarburg at 1 P.M. to set up at our new site. We arrived at the small town of Drulingen and prepared to set up on its outskirts close to the town of Weyer. The day was very cold and wet. Our tents were up and all duties done by nightfall. We hadn't stayed in tents since leaving St. Tropez. Our stoves that we acquired in Saarburg were a blessing to us. By thus acquiring German stoves we didn't need to requisition any from Bn. Supply and Supply was short of stoves. Dec 9 The mud in our present site is terrible. We have to wear our Artic's in the tents to keep our feet dry. The weather is very cold up here for we are situated atop a hill and the wind is really biting. Dec 10 Many of the Boys went hunting in the woods. Dec 13 Pfc. Otis Huggins and Sgt. Minick were fortunate in killing several Rabbits. Many of the Boys went hunting just to try out their new Carbines which they hadn't fired as yet. Many of the guns wouldn't work correctly which is a good thing to learn and find out when you are hunting for something that can't shoot back. Mr. Moran and his driver spent a night with us. Dec 14 Lt. Smith and Lt. McCoy came early this morning to notify Lt. Loreto to accompany them to look at a new site. T/5 Amerspek and Pfc. Hafley were to go along with their bedrolls to stand guard over the Lodgings we hoped to get. 9 trucks from the 439 Sig. came along to lay wire at the site. We arrived at the town of Mont-Brown but were held up there, we couldn't travel any further for the enemy was shelling the road for a few German M/G.'s were also very busy. We waited and ate Lunch at this town. After Lunch the firing quited down and we proceeded on our way. To get to our site we had to go right up to the front and then turn right, all othe roads had road blocks. We passed through a town that had only been captured a few minutes, and made some Infantrymen swoon when they saw our Air Force markings. The guards were ordered off at the town of Goetzenbruck. Dec 15-21 On these days everything ran along smoothly with no Dec 21 important happenings. Everybody was still struggling with our chief menace the mud. On Dec. 21 the truck was sent for VERMONT's and KANSAS's guards who were at the town of Goetzenbruck guarding houses. It seems that we weren't moving in that sector at all. 2 Men of the Sig. outfit who laid the wire were hurt by Mines and one truck was damaged. Dec 22 Today was moving day again. We got Orders to move at mid-day. We arrived at the City of Sarralbe in the late afternoon. Tents were going up by moonlight. The weather was very cold. KANSAS Unit was set up about 200 yds. from our Unit. We were set up alongside our Radar truck. KANSAS was fortunate enough to be able to stay in a house but they had to shuttle their shifts by truck. Dec 23 The weather is very cold. The ground is frozen (Saturday) solid. Lt. Moran paid us a visit today as did Lt.McCoy. Everybody very busy chopping wood. Being that we didn't go for rations yesterday we only got 2 Turkeys between VERMONT and KANSAS today. It was decided that we would toss for the Turkeys for dividing them up wouldn't be enough for either Unit. The toss gave VERMONT the Turkeys. The Radar was on the air all day. The Luftwaffe was out in strength last night, 125 AC was reported. Jamming appeared on the Radar today but it appeared to be friendly interference. Our water was frozen in the trailer and had to be heated up. Heavy Artillery fire tonight mostly ours. Enemy Aircraft are above tonight. Dec 24 Cold and clear day. Our Radar did some good work (Sunday) today by directing a flight in the North that KANSAS couldn't get. Small Mail Call today. Many of the Boys were observed taking helmet baths, no showers available. Tonight we had a little get together, and the Lt. led in the singing of Christmas Carols and at times we were so loud we even drowned out the rumble of the cannons. Long flights of our Heavy Bombers were seen overhead during the day. Seeing them is sure a Morale builder. 1 Flying Fortress made a forced landing very near our area. The Ship was flying on 1 motor. No one was hurt. German planes were over during the night. All in all VERMONT Unit obsrved quiet Christmas Eve. Dec 25 Christmas Day came to VERMONT Unit on a cold and (Monday) clear day. Many of the Boys attended Church Services held by a 15th Corps Army Chaplain. Pvt. Soto turned out one of the best meals thought possible today. Our Dinner was delicious. For Dessert we had Chocolate Cake with Whipped Cream. Some of the Men attended a movie at 15th Corps Hdq.'s. None of the Men had seen a movie in months. The name of the picture was "2 Yanks Abroad". Ack Ack was above us again tonight. A Dog Fight was heard and M.G. tracers seen nearby. Our Artillery was very active tonight. Dec 26 Weather cold but clear. Last night a M.E. 210 was (Tuesday) shot down by one of our Black Widow Fighters nearby. Everything is opertiong smoothly. Our Air Force was out in strength again today. INDIANA Unit was seen in Sarralbe. It seems that they are here to work with WASHINGTON Unit to stop the enemy who comes in very low. Enemy AC above again tonight. Strafing was seen and heard in Sarralbe. One Jerry "Buzzed" us and strafed the next hill at Radio and Homing Vans. His coming in so low and close ceases to be humerous. Our position atop of this hill gives one that naked feeling. Dec 27 Weather clear but much warmer. The warmest day we (Wednesday) have seen in weeks. Lt. Smith came over and he and Sgt. Jurick went to Hdq. They wouldn's be back till tomorrow due to the long trip. A Commendation came through from Gen. Saville and a notation by Col. Speir on the fine work our Bn. has done on the Control of VDO. Dec 28 The coldest day and night we have ever spent. Mr. (Thursday) Reese, paid us a visit today. Digging foxholes in this frozen ground is like chopping wood with a broom. Enemy AC hit Sarralbe again tonight. Enemy shell fire was directed against Sarralbe tonight. The shells seemed to have boosters and were very large. One shell was fired every 15 min. from 12 P.M. to 5 A.M. Dec 29 Word came of our withdawal from our present area to (Friday) the vicinity of Fenetrange 20 miles to the rear. The reason is because a German Counter-Offensive is expected in this area and our present positions will be used as a defense line. Also because the location of the 15th Corps C.P. was known to the enemy. The shell fire last night was directed against 15th Corps Hdq.'s. We didn't leave Sarralbe till night because we were to stay on the air till KANSAS moved. About 3 miles before entering the town of Mittersheim we were strafed by a M.E. 110. It was very clear and bright so the identification of the plane was easy and he was very low. The plane fired cannon and M.G.'s at our trucks but missed us by a few feet. All of his shells were hitting off the road. It was a very close call. What seems to have saved us was the fact that we were on a curve while the plane was coming along the stretch towards us. The Jerry banked for the curve on seeing us but didn't bank enough. No trucks were hit and no one suffered a scratch. A fortunate day for us. Dec 30 We are now set up in the town of Mittersheim. We (Saturday) are staying in a theater or dance hall but we aren't too sure of being able to stay in this building. Another outfit seems to have the place requisitioned. Everyone needs a haircut, but a barber can't be found. It looks like we will have to detail someone to give some scalp jobs. Dec 31 The day is cold and clear. The Radar is operating smoothly. A very quiet New year's Eve was spent by Men of VERMONT. At midnight 1 Jerry was flying low looking for something to strafe. But he went away so shells were heard crunching, but they were a good way off. Most of the Boys on VERMONT have spent 3 New Year's Eves overseas. The New Year brings brighter chance than ever of being Victory this year. War Diary 582nd, Signal AW Bn. CALIFORNIA Detachment December 1944 Prepared by Robbie D. Barnes, 2nd Lt. Dec 6 Money Orders and PTA's were taken into Epinal. At noon Lt. Barnes received Orders to move the next morning. Getting the Unit ready for movement was accomplished that afternoon and evening. Lt. Barnes went into Ops at night. Dec 7 Due to the fact the Unit was short a truck and a Power Van it was necessary to move the Platoon in two Echelons. The Advance Echelon left early this morning leaving fourteen Men and one 6X6, 1 1/2 ton P/C behind. Dec 8 Necessary duties were preformed by the Echelon remaining in Epinal. Guards were posted and policing of the area was done. The Forward Section found a house that was being vacated by some Infantry Companies and moved in. Setting up the set was undertaken immediately. Dec 9 Capt. Merrill visited site in Epinal and conversed with Lt. Koziol. Trucks arrived towards midnight to take remaining fourteen Men to new site. Dec 10 Trucks driven by Pvts. Gigliotti, Mathis, and Polo carried the remaining Men to the new site. Arrived at about 1900 hours and set up bunks for the night. New site is located at Gimbrett. In the Province of Alsace. Men were warned of the precaution they must take when on the streets. Dec 11 Major Ready visited site and inquired about a P-47 that had been shot down by friendly Ack Ack. Some of the Radar crew members on duty stated that they had seen the plane go down. Orderly Room was set up and crews were busy about the area in an effort to get eveything settled down in a minimum amount of time. Dec 12 Capt. Ericson came by and visited the Unit. Shortly after, Major Long came by and inspected the Schoolhouse. All of the Men are glad to be billeted in a building. Work continued in the area and guard schedules were worked out. Dec 13 Pvts. Ulisky and Orange were ordered to report to Lt. Barnes this morning for drinking on duty and being intoxicated upon reprorting for duty. They were given 7 days of extra fatigue detail. Capt. Merrill arrived this afternoon and discussed various problems with Lts. Batnes and Koziol. He stayed over night. Dec 14 Capt. Merrill left early in the morning. Unit was "Off the Air" and maintenance Men were up all night checking the set. Details in the Unit are getting back to normal. Sand was spread in the Kitchen and Mess hall. T/5 Leonard made some corrections on the Mess Kit Water Heater which was constructed for this Unit by the 3407th Ordance. Lt. Koziol called in the Motor Pool Men in order to list the items which need repair. Dec 15 Major Long visited the Unit at 1500 hours. He brought Sgt. Hawkins with him. Sgt. Hawkins is to stay with the Platoon in the capacity of Administration Sergeant. He will handle all details in the area and will be in charge of the guard. Later at night Lt. Anderson came by the site with Sgt. Holt. Sgt. Holt is another new member and he is to take charge of the Motor Pool. He is a Motor Mechanic. Lt. Koziol discussed the needs of the Motor Pool with Lt. Anderson before the latter returned to the Ops. Dec 16 Sgts. Holt and Hawkins became initiated in their new jobs and were taken around the area in order that they might become familiar with the work that has been done. Lt. Barnes called all the Men together at 1800 hours to formally introduce the new Men to the Platoon and to bring their attention to the laxity in saluting and reporting. Dec 17 Lt. Barnes spoke to the Men that had been unable to attend last nights meeting this morning at 1000 hours. Mr. Sayre was taken to Nancy by Pvt. Delgado. Routine duties were performed around the campsite: Barracks Chiefs were appointed by Sgt, Hawkins. They are; Pfc. Denu, 514 Barracks; Cpl. Gilhofer, Radio Quarters; T/5 Mitchell, Downstairs of the Schoolhouse. No visitors today. Dec 18 Mr. Moran, Battalion Personnel Officer, came around with the payroll for signing. He and his driver left after Supper. Lt. Barnes called all N.C.O.'s together at 1800 hours for a meeting. Operations were normal. No Officers visited the site. The weather was clear. Dec 19 1st Lt. Moran visited the site in the afternoon. Routine duties were peformed around the area. No other visitors. Weather: clear. Pfc Campbell and Lt. Koziol went to Nancy. Dec 20 Set was "Off the Air" for emergency maintenance. The Wave Guide was cleaned by T/4 Murcko assisted by Pfc. Bruns and his crew. New Field Jackets were issued and the newly accquired coal from Battalion was distributed among all personnel. Lt. Whitlock visited the set to make any helpful suggestions he could in getting the set back on the air. Dec 21 Set was still "Off the Air." Lt. Koziol inspected the quarters and felt that improvement could be made, especially in the downstairs room of the Schoolhouse. At night, the Ops had a practice alert in which this Unit participated. No visitors today. Several planes were seen in this vicinity and reported to Ops. Dec 22 After receiving word of possible Hostile Attack in this area, the guards were doubled and all Men were warned of the danger by Lt. Koziol. In the afternoon, T/4 Murcko and Pfc. Campell went to Strassburg to make some arrangements for the Christmas Party. Lt. Kern visited the set and made an inspection of quarters, etc. He found a decided improvement over his last inspection. Capt. Merrill came by the Unit in the afternoon. Dec 23 Lt. Koziol inspected the quarters in the morning and found an improvement over his last inspection. New guard schedules were made and put into effect, Shower Trucks were sent to a neighboring town. Routine duties were performed around the area. Dec 24 Lt. Graves arrived in the afternoon. He talked with Lt. Barnes about the operation of the set. Lt. Graves and his driver spent the night. An N.C.O. meeting was held and plans for the Christmas Party were discussed. The weather has been clear for the last few days but it has gotten increasingly colder. Large formations of planes were seen overhead today. Dec 25 Christmas Party was held and a good time was had by all. Routine duties were performed around the area. A meal of Turkey, prepared by T/5 Mitchell, was the Customary Feature of the day. Weather was clear and Morale was excellent. Dec 26 Shower Truck was sent to Wasselone. Routine duties were performed around the camp. No visitors. Dec 27 Sgt. Hawkins and Pfc. Campbell went to Headquarters in a truck driven by Pvt. Mathis. Routine duties were performed. No visitors. Dec 28 Sgt. Hawkins and Pfc. Campbell returned from Headquarters with PX Supplies. These were issued in the afternoon. Sgt. Harlan was notified of his transfer to R.R.M.U. Mr. Reese visited in the morning and conferred with Lt. Barnes and Lt. Koziol. Lt. Koziol called the Men together and delivered a War Orientation Lecture. Weather was clear and Air Activity was great. Dec 29 A tree which caught fire near the Unit was quickly extinguished by a crew of Men under the direction of Lt. Koziol. Capt. Merrill telephoned at night and requested that Lt. Barnes come to Headquarters and to take Sgt. Harlan to R.R.M.U. Dec 30 Lt. Barnes went to Headquarters and Sgt. Harlan left this Platoon for duty with R.R.M.U. Capt. Feit visited the Unit in the morning and gave shots to some Men. He also delivered a talk on the prevention of Veneral Disease to all Men of this Unit. Land line to Tassel was momentarily out but was quickly repaired. Pfc. Umsted was taken to an Evac. Hospital because a Wisdom Tooth was causing undue pain. Inspection of quarters in the morning was performed by Lt. Koziol. Dec 31 A shower truck was dispatched to a neighboring town. In the morning a Major and two Enlisted Men from the 35th Field Artillery Group requested that we aid them in a search for five German Paratroopers presumably dropped two nights ago. Lt. Koziol and three EM, T/5 Mitchell. Pfc Campbell and Pfc. Robertson aided in the search until a larger party arrived from Ops #1. At 1900 hours, Lt. Barnes returned from Headquarters with some mail for the Men. HEADQUARTERS CONTINENTAL ADVANCE SECTION APO 667 AG 331.2 CBS GA 19 December 1944 SUBJECT: Officers' Club and Bar TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov), APO 374, U. S. Army. 1. The following recently established recreational facilities in Dijon are now available for Officers: a. ALLIED OFFICERS' BAR: The Palace Bar at 29 Rue de la Liberte has been reserved for Allied Officers and is placed "OFF LIMITS" to Enlisted personnel. b. ALLIED OFFICERS' CLUB: The club will be opened Tuesday, 19 December 1944, at 17 Rue de l'Egalite. Hours will be from 1100 to 2300 daily. Facilities are limited but Lunch will be served from 1200 to 1330 daily. Dinner will be served from 1830 to 2000. Bar will be open from 1130 to 2230. Membership 50 franks. 2. It is recommended thatthis information be disseminated to the Officer of your Command so that they may avail themselves of the opportunities for recreation now established. For the Commanding General: /s/ J. W. Ross, /t/ J. W. ROSS, Colonel, AGD Adjutant General. 1st Ind. S-1 HEADQUARTERS, FIRST TACTICAL AIR FORCE (PROV) APO 374, 26 Dec. 1944 TO: Commanding General, XII Tactical Air Command. * * * * * For your information and guidance. By Command of Major General ROYCE: /s/ Thomas G. Kronberg, /t/ THOMAS G. KRONBERG, Major, Air Corps, Asst. Adj. Geneal. 331.2 2nd Ind. GR-M-1HEADQUARTERS, XII TACTICAL AIR COMMAND. APO 374. US ARMY. 29 DECEMBER, 1944 TO CG's and CO's, all Units, XII TAC. It is requested that the information contained in basic communication be disseminated to all Officers of yourCommand. By Command of Brigadier General SAVILLE: /S/ R. J. Mays, R . J. MAYS, Major, Adjutant General's Department, 331.2 3rd Ind. G-B-5 HEADQUARTERS, 582ND AW BATTALION, APO #374, U S Army, 3 January 1944. TO: Company Commanders, 582nd Signal AW Battalion, APO #374. U S Army. For information of all Officers. /s/ Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant HEADQUARTERS C/B/7 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army AG 314.7 10 January 1945 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov) APO 374 US Army. (Attention: Historical Section). 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion for the period 1 December to 31 December 1944. a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: None. c. Strenth: 62 Officers; 5 Warrant Officers; 954 Enlisted Men. d. Present Station: Rosiers, France (U-9701) since 18 November 1944. e. Movements: None. f. Campaign: German - Still in progress. g. Operations: No Change h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No Change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Awards received during period: (1) Pfc Ernest E. Zeigler. (a) Awarded Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster. (b) For injuries reeived while in action against the enemy on the 26th of December 1944. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion, for the period 1 December to 31 December 1944. For the Commanding Officer: s/Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. Rosiers Aux Salines, FranceDecember 1944 APO 374 1 Fri Weather as usual lately, cloudy and cold. Capt. Evans, C.O. of L.W. Radar Reporting Company, and 1st Sgt. Doerge are here now, and the Orderly Room is on its way and due to arrive within a few days. 2 Sat Weather fair. Inspection before noon -- more or less informal. It was noted that improvement in the condition of quarters and area is possible, but the fact that such improvement has not as yet been accomplished is attributable to the fact that we have just recently arrived at this present location and are not yet quite settled. IDAHO Unit came in this afternoon, and it is expected that they will soon go into Operation with the 15th Corps. Operations are normal. The Units have been moving along with Operations rather rapidly, and most of them are at present operating fairly close to the fronts. 3 Sun Weather cloudy and rain in the evening. It was learned today that ALABAMA Unit has played a major role in aiding a lost Battalion in Germany. The Unit guided P-47's over the target area so that supplies could be dropped to the fighting Men trapped and surrounded by the enemy in Germany. KANSAS Unit is set up just East of Luneville; KANSAS and VERMONT Units are Controlling Dive & Fighter Bombers. A Faulkwulf was reported to have been shot down over the area today by Anti-Aircraft. OKLAHOMA site is Southeast of Luneville, and in a river bottom; the Unit has been put out of Operation for a few days when a dam broke and the Unit was engulfed in water to a depth of about 7 inches. ARIZONA is operating about 20 miles from the front; and MICHIGAN and OHIO Units are in operation in connection with 6th Corps, about 40 miles East of Epinal, Controlling Dive Bombers. Due to heavy shelling WYOMING Unit had to be moved back; and MAINE Unit had to move back a distance from the front because of German patrols, it seems, were getting into the habit of coming down almost into their area. 4 Mon The Sun peeped out for a short time early in the morning, and then there was rain for the remainder of the day. MICHIGAN and OHIO unit are nowlocated in Mutaig where approximately 3 miles from the Units location the Infantry with the aid of Dive Bombers have been trying to blast out a German held fort. 5 Tue Weather cloudy with intermitten showers throughout the day. Vehicles have been sent back for the remainder of the Battalion. OKLAHOMA Unit is reported to have homed a crippled B-24 to an emegency field near their site. OHIO and MICHIGAN Units moved to a new site near Dettwiller, approximately 20 miles from their old location. Operations will begin tomorrow. 6 Wed Weather - the usual, cloudy and showers. Somewhat windy today as well, and for a spell, just before noon, it seemed like snow -- A few flakes did fall. Pvt. Trautman and Pvt. Jones arrived in the afternoon bringing with them the Orderly Room equipment of LW Radar Reporting Company and Reporting Company. OHIO, MICHIGAN, KANSAS, and VERMONT Units are now successfully directing Dive Bombers in Close Support of the Infantry. 7 Thu Weather cloudy, cold, and rain all day. A few more Men, Drivers, came in with equipment today. CALIFORNIA Unit began their move from Epinal today, leaving in two echelons, to Gimbrett in Alsace. 8 Fri Weather cloudy and there were slight showers throughout the day. Operations are continued normal. Ground Observer Company personnel arrived by plane today with more equipment. MICHIGAN Unit today moved from Mutzig to a site 10 miles North of Saverne. VERMONT Unit moved from Saarburg to Drulingen and set up operations on the outskirts near the town of Weyer. 9 Sat Weather cloudy and cold; light snowfall in early afternoon. Operations normal. Inspections of quarters was made in the morning -- great improvement was noted. KANSAS and VERMONT Units are still operating outside of Saarburg. The Unit experienced a considerable amount of shelling during the first few days of operation at this site. 10 Sun Weather cloudy in the morning; somewhat fair in the afternoon. Operations normal. ARIZONA Unit's area today was the centre of excitement -- A Spitfire crash-landed almost in the very centre of the Unit's operations; the pilot, enroute from England to deliver the plane to the French, was forced to make an emergency landing. VERMONT Unit is searching for a new site. 11 Mon Weather fair -- The Sun has once more made itself evident, for the first time in about a week. Operations normal. 12 Tue Weather still fair. Operations normal. 13 Wed Weather has again changed toward the worst -- The sky is overcast and there were slight showers today. NEW YORK and TEXAS Units are still at Headquarters, not operational, but most of the TEXAS Men have been placed in other Units. MICHIGAN and OHIO Units moved today to a new location near Hegeney. 14 Thu Weather clear and brisk. Normal operations. Our food has continued to improve. And the rations that we receive have now reached a state where there is no reason whatever for complaint. The Morale seems to be very good, and the reason -- The mail more than anything is resonsible; it has been coming in quite regulardly lately -- Although it has constisted of Christmas packages primaily, its still a great Morale booster. 15 Fri Weather clear and cold. Operations are normal. 16 Sat Weather fair today. This evening a dance initiated the opening of our Enlisted Men's Club. The Club is in a small theater located a short distance from our camp area. Aided and abetted by Lt. Erpelding, Cpl. Panza with the assistance of several others has completed, as much as is at present possible, the decorating and furnishing of the Club, and is now organizing activities which are to take place there. It is hoped that soon we might get a movie projector and equipment to run our own movies. 17 Sun Weather fair, but brisk. Paratroops are reported to have been dropped in the vicinity of NEW JERSEY Unit -- Report from the Unit: "That They're Prepared, Come What May." 18 Mon Weather today has been brisk, cloudy, and a bit wet. Typhoid, Typhus, and Tetanus innoculations were administered to all personnel this morning. Papers on Sgt. William H. Tucker, M.C., for appointment as 2nd Lt.in the administrative Medical Corps have been completed and are forwarded. After this Sgt. Tucker is to go before the Board, we don't know when yet; It is hoped that he will come thru with flying colors. Sgt. Tucker has been with the organization since its origin, has worked diligently and efficiently in an administrative capacity with the Medical Section at all times, and has been awarded the Silver Star Medal for Conspicious action while participating in the invasion of Sicily at Gela. The guard for the night was doubled after we had been informed that German Paratroopers were dropped in the Nancy Area. 19 Tue Weather fair which is most unususl. Normal Operations. Educational survey forms have been prepared by 1st Lt. Erpelding, Battalion Educational Officer, and are to be completed by all personnel. Interviews were begun this morning. To avoid any confusion and delay in getting these accomplished, the First Sergeants and Lt. Erpelding will interview and assist the Men in getting these forms filled out. 1st Lt. Donald T. Erpelding, a new addition to the organization, was appointed the Battalion Educational Officer upon assignment to this organization and has been active since, planning, gathering information, and interviewing personnel in regard to Educational Requirements for the period after the War and before Demobilization. Lieutenant Erpelding has also been pinch-hitting for Lieutenant Moran in the field of Special Service and Morale services.--- Tomorrow we are to hear the pilot of a P-47 speak on the subject of Air Reconnainance at the EM Club. IOWA Unit today received and turned over to M.P.'s in Dole two German Prisoners who were brought to the Unit by French civilians. 20 Wed Weather somewhat cloudy and fairly cold. Excitement has not subsided in regard to the enemy agents that were reported to have been dropped by parachute. We are all cautioned and told to be on the alert, to notice suspicious and unfamiliar faces, and to report such immediately. The P-47 Pilot arrived this afternoon, and at 1500 hours gave a very interesting talk on Air Reconnaissance at the Enlisted Mens Club to a full house. 21 Thu No change in weather can be seen in sight; although the rains seem to have stopped, the clouds appear to be ready to give forth at the least provocation. A report was received today that five enemy agents in American Uniforms were captured today in the area, and it is believed that there are many more floating about. Emphasis was again placed on alertness and caution. Personnel were again told to be on the alert, especially for sabotage and espionage. Passes have been suspended, but the Men are permitted to go over to the Club. In the afternoon a movie "Barbary Coast Gent," was shown at the EM Club. The hour was inconvient, but it seems to be the only time that we can get the use of a projector. The projector, as well as the Operator, were borrowed from the 64th Fighter Wing. 22 Fri Weather is brisk and the sky is overcast. There was a light snowfall in the morning. Operations normal Our night guard is still continued to be doubled, although the excitement of the first few days has somewhat subsided. At mid-day today VERMONT Unit set out on another move, arriving late in the afternoon at Sarralbe where KANSAS Unit was already set-up. In the EM quarters the scouring of Mess Kits and polishing of equipment can be seen in preparation for tomorrow morning's inspection. The Men, on improvised ironing boards also seem to be seriously engaged in smoothing out the wrinkles in barracks bag-pressed uniforms, to be ready for stepping out tomorrow evening -- Tomorrow is the day, the EM dance -- To assume from the preparation that has been made it should turn out to be a gala affair. Special Service has been over-active this week, arranging a dance for tomorrow evening, a Movie - title unknown yet - for Sunday at the EM Club, and a Christmas party for the Orphaned kids at the EM Club on Christmas day. 23 Sat Weather cold, and the sky is cloudy. Operations normal in.spection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning; a more favorable report was made this time. VERMONT Unit, in operation already, reported the Luftwaffe to be rather active in the vicinity -- 125 AC was reported over for last night. The EM dance came off favorably this evening. The Men all enjoyed themseles There will be more of them. 24 Sun Weather cold. Normal operations. The alert is still on, and the guards continue to be doubled at night. P.X. rations were obtained today and will be sold tomorrow. The picture "Step Lively" was shown at the EM Club this afternoon. 25 Mon Weather cold and clear -- Christmas is white only in so far as there still remains a slight suggestion of snow on the ground from the snowfall of a few days ago. - 428 - Christmas Day! The spirit is with us all -- All Units in the field, as well as we in Headquarters, are sponsoring Christmas Parties for the Children of the respective localities. Our Dinner today was Baked Turkey with Dressing, Peas, Mashed Potatoes, Cranberry Sauce, and Cake for Dessert; and there was plenty of everything. The meal was begun with a good shot of Whiskey which was c ontributed by the Officers. In the afternoon the Orphan Kids were our guests at the EM Club. They had quite a time! The kids were loaded down with candy and cakes, and everything that we had received in packages from Home which we thought the Kids would enjoy. 26 Tue Weather cold and cloudy. Normal operations. Late in the evening, approximately 2300 hours, a special Red Alert was called in by "Grandsand". A plane was heard circling overhead shortly after, and then strafing and bombing was heard which we surmised was taking place in the vicinity of Nancy. For the past few nights late in the night strange lights have been appearing South of here, appearing very suspiciously like signals of some kind. Army Intelligence has begun an investigation. VERMONT and KANSAS Units seem to be located in an extremely active zone. Periods of shelling of Sarralbe by the enemy are reported, and enemy Aircraft seem to be very active over this area. Last night reports VERMONT, a Dog-Fight was seen and an M.E. 210 is reported to have been shot down nearby by one of our Black Widow Night-Fighters. 27 Wed Weather cold and clear. Normal operations. We learned this morning that Captain Frazier and his driver, T/5 Zeigler were caught off the road in some of the strafing last night, suffering injuries from broken glass of their vehicle. Captain Frazier miraculously escaped more serious injury -- A shell from the stafing plane penetrated directly in front of him the radiator grill of the vehicle in which Captain Frazier was riding; cutting the gas line, it was stopped and scattered by the Glove Compartment Door; Another shell penetrated the Windshield just missing his head by inches. Captain Frazier suffered minor cuts from glass fragment, and T/5 Zeigler might lose the sight of his eyes. VERMONT Unit reports that enemy Aircraft was over again last night. Parts of Sarralbe were strafed, and "Jerry" buzzed the Unit's area and strafed a nearby hill on which radio and Homing Vans were located. Nothing is reported to have been hit.--But, "Ceases to be Humorous," this sort of thing, says VERMONT. This afternoon at 1500 hours a P-47 Pilot spoke and answered questions at the EM Club. Henseforth we shall have Reveille, Retreat, and other calls set to music -- Strictly G.I. records have been obtained and a loud speaker system has been arranged to cover the entire area. 28 Thu Weather cold and fair; snow in evening. Normal operations. In the evening we were honored by the presence of the Red Cross Girls whom we hadn't seen for quite a while, and doughnuts were served with Dinner. The movie "Marriage is a Private Affair" was shown at the EM Club in the afternoon. 29 Fri Weather fair. Normal operations. WYOMING Unit moved to a site near Alkirch today, where they will be quartered in a school building. A German counter-attack is expected in the area of Sarralbe and the present positions are to be used as a Defense Line; VERMONT Unit which is located in that area has received word to withdraw to the rear about 20 miles, in the vicinity of Fenetrange. KANSAS Unit also moved back. VERMONT enroute to Mittersheim, was strafed by an M.E. 110 just before entering the town. Personnel and equipment escaped injury. Our rations have improved to such a degree that for more than a week we have been eating fresh eggs for Breakfast daily. There is fresh meat once a day for certain, and twice a day occasionally.-- What is more necessary for good Morale than food:? 30 Sat Weather fair and slightly warmer. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. Orders were received today, G.O. #95, 12th Evac. Hosp., awarding Pfc. Ernest E. Zeigler a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster for injuries received in action against the enemy on the 26th of December. 31 Sun Weather fair and cold; snow in the morning. Normal operations. The last of the year, and it was ushered out by a dance at the EM Club. A French Orchestra played for us this night. Everyone had a very fair time. The dance broke up at about 0200 hours. Morale in general for this period has been good. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. IOWA DetachmentJanuary 1945 Prepared by Orrin P. Caldwell, 2nd Lt. 1 The dance was held at Merci La Grande was continued. Several of the Men attended again and the place was as cold as it was last night. This ends the Holiday Season and I think most of us are rather glad of it. Mail has become very slow again. Many packages which are expected have not arrived as yet. Capt. Merrill arrived with the Monthly Pay, this brought out many smiles. Seems like it was a long time between now and the last one. 2 Many of the Men are wondering what W.P.B. at home did the to chickens - eggs (fresh ones) eleven days out of fifteen -well- something has happened. 3 Capt. Merrill left for NEW JERSEY this morning. Currier didn't even come around today. No mail in three days now. Rumor has it that there will be some tonight. 4 Currier arrived with three large sacks of mail this morning. Place looks like we are having a second Christmas. Snow fell in light showers all day. Looks like its here to last. The roads here are fairly slippery now - What will they be when this freezes? 5 It was snowing when we awoke this morning, and has continued all day. It is very fine and hasn't exceeded 2 inches in depth yet. C.C. #1 phoned that they would be here with a movie at 1500 hours. "Casanova Brown" staring Gary Cooper. T/4th. Sullian caught himself a trio of Jerries on the way to Gray today. Two Frenchmen guarded them until they were delivered to the M.P.'s. One Frenchman was admiring the Sgt.'s Carbine afterwards and found it was missing a clip. We were treating Sullivan for shock now. 6 Just to prove that you can do most anything when you have to this Unit is operating with five Men in the Hospital and has doubled up on the guards. Where the Men come from is a secret that only the Duty Sgt. knows. The movie didn't "Happen" last night. Our P.E. 75 took suddenly ill and the Commercial Power wasn't strong enough to carry the load. Needless to say - We were all disappointed. Today the Ration Dump gave notice of their immediate move. This means we go to Dijon for rations beginning Tuesday. The new Service Group is the 310th. 7 Currier came with no mail again. He never stays for Dinner anymore. Afraid of poison I think.... 8 Mail reached another of its frequent peaks today when the Currier came with many late Christmas packages. This happens regularly about every third day now. Lt. Johnson arrived with Officers pay. 9 P.X. arrived again last night and the Cigarette situation looks much better - 14 packages per man. Capt. Merrill arrived for a two day visit. The snow is about five inches deep now and the temperature drops to + 10 about midnight each night. 10 The snow has stopped falling but the cold remains. Lowest temperature recorded at the Unit is + 5 which is cold enough. Lt. Johnson left for Battalion Headquarters. Plans are being made for a party celebrating our Second Year overseas - 14 January. We hope that there are no more such functions. 11 Another small Christmas came with the Currier. Three bags of packages. Pvt. Buzek is ahead so far with a total of 35 Xmas packages received. He is wondering where one more is - 36 people wrote him they were sending packages. 12 Some one procured a set of Billiard Balls for our Day Room and with their coming, request for passes have been fewer. Pvt. Trageser says that he now knows where Pfc. Serio received his Higher Education. Chaplain Hornbuchler came out for Communion today. We are making arrangements to have Confessions and Communion here regularly. Heretofore the only Protestant Services were at C.C. #1 and Catholic Services were held only once every third week in Taxenne. 13 The temperatre dropped down to + 2 tonight. Pvt. McMillian turned up with a pair of frost bitten ears when he dismounted from the Pass Truck. Today most of the Platoon earned its fourth overseas stripe. Tomorrow night we have a party celebrating our Second Anniversary. New Years (We thought) was to be our last one for a while because of the cold weather - but - We couldn't let this go by without some sort of Celebration. 14 Our dance was the best one that we have had so far. Everyone throughly enjoyed themselves. It was rather cool taking the Girls back home but we thought it was worth it -Evidently they did too. We received our unusually lage amount of powered milk yesterday so Sgt. Silva took a whirl at making Ice Cream. It was very good. We had no freezer so he put it in a five gallon can, packed snow around it and let it sit - Every now and then someone stirred it and thought it was crystaline it still met the approval of all. 15 If the Currier enters the gate one more time without mail we'll have to appoint a Special Guard for him. His sole purpose for coming is to deliver Stars & Stripes. Everyone thinks that our dance last night was the best one yet. It did do very nicely. The music was a bit bum toward the last but most of us were tired and would have been laughed off if he had quit a little early. The Men say that one calls for more cold weather or no.. 16 Several of the Men went Boar hunting with some Frenchmen today but left too soon. When they found out later that the Civies bagged a big one, all swore that they would stick it out next time, Blizzard or no. 17 The weather took a slight break today and part of the snow and ice is melting. Those places on the roads where there is still snow are packed down for the winter. Those Ice Packs will never melt. There was a small fire in the Day Room this morning caused by an electrical short. The Men formed a Bucket Brigade very quickly and the fire was out before it could cause very much damage. 18 Cpl. Kennedy smashed up the Personnel Carrier today when a bunch of Kids in Gendrey decided to have a snow ball battle in the same spot where he wanted to drive. No one was hurt but the P/C needs a good deal of work done on the front end. Continued to thaw a little today and the bare spots are showing up in the fields. Our Men on guard at night feel a lot better about the whole thing too. 19 More snow - And we thought that we might be rid of it. Still warmer though. The Thermometer has stayed around + 36 F. for three days now. 20 Capt. Merrill arrived for a two day visit. Seems that there was a Blizzard on the way down. We have snow drifts up to 2 ft. deep here now. Pfc. Wittneben tried running down one of the many Rabbits around here. When he failed to catch up with it he remarked that these Rabbits are faster than those in Texas. He said that he had run down many Jacks out there - Could be! Again today the Men left the trail too soon. The Civies bagged another Boar after they left. Everyone is determined to get one now. Back in Italy they bagged three Deer and a Boar while we were in the Pool at Alberese, and we haven't forgotten how good it was then. 21 In a demonstration on the use of Incendiary Grenades today Pvt. Trageser nearly lost his new teeth. Told that there would be no explosion to accompany its burning, the Group gathered close to see the demonstration. When the cap ploped off the Grenade only the Instructor saw what happened to the metal being demonstrated on - The rest hunted for cover. Trageser gulped and nearly swollowed his new choppers. 22 Capt. Merrill left for NEW JERSEY this morning. Mr. Smith made the run to Bn. Hqrs. for the P.X. today - Everyone is speculating on the amount of the Cigarette ration this time. The mail doesn't seem to improve with time. The Currier comes - Everyone rushed to the Orderly Room to be met by a mournful - No mail. 23 The publicity given to rotation and furloughs has started everyone here to comparing points. Now all that remains is to see who is on the Order--! 24 Most of us are wondering how all the unusual weather happens to be where we are all the time. In Africa the local people said the rain was the most for many years. Likewise in Italy. Now France seems to be having its biggest snow fall for many years. Our truck drivers are about the unhappiest people in the world right now too. The ration run which normally took 1 1/2 to 2 hours driving now takes from 3 to 6 hours. No one gets out more that is necessary now, and most of us have improved our Billiard Game by a large margin. The Billiard Table has been a boon to our recreation. Mr. Smith returned from Bn. Hqrs. today with the P.X. rations, a Jeep (or Peep), stoves and long underware. Pvt. McGee drove the Jeep (which is open) from Nancy and immediately started inquiries as to when he would get his long underware. 25 Lo and behold -- the Currier bought some mail. He probably would have been lynched if he hadn't. Bull Sessions which covered subjects such as Women, Weather and Good Beer gave way to speculations on the possibilities of being transfered to the Infantry. Five of the Men were called to the Control Center for a Physical Exam but no mention was made as to why. However-with the news in Stars and Stripes about every branch giving its quota to the Infantry conclusions were immediately jumped to and the result - said Bull Sessions. 26 In this "Unusual" snow, many of the small French vehicles are as about useful as the Brest on a Boar Pig. T/4 Sullivan, our mechanic and Motor Sgt. is looking for a wrecker so he can set up a Towing Business. He's complaining about all the money he has lost now using our tractor for the job. The Civilians can't understand why we won't accept payment for pulling them out of the drifts. 27 Mr. Reese came down to wind up matters on the requisition of the Chateau. He wanted to get an early start, so of course we kept him up until three in the morning. 28 Lt. Kearns came down for an inspection of the station and billet. He didn't bring any rumors though. Snow piled rather deep here today and again we had to go into the Tow Business to keep the roads open. Lt. Ecker found the Countess de Galange in a drift and we tried breaking a road with the Auto Car tractor for here. The snow was too much though and at Pagney we transferred her to a Dog Sled for the rest of her trip. Wonder if she made it??? 29 Most of the Men are talking of arranging another dance soon. They can't make up their minds whether to hold it when Russia takes Berlin or wait until Spring. Anyway - we seem to want another dance sometime. 30 M. le Count de Galange came by to thank us for helping his wife out of the snow the other day. He said that her trip by Dog Sled was cold, otherwise everything went O.K. The snow began to melt tonight. Perhaps it will all go this time. 31 Instead of the usual snow today we had rain for a change. Don't tell me Spring is here already? What a country France is !!! The cooks won't need to worry about getting frost bitten while they sleep now. A G.I. stove was set up in their quarters and with a fire tender as Pfc. Wittneben is, ten to one that fire will never go out. Sometimes he reminds us of the time he blew up a boiler at a CCC Camp -- what a Man!!! FORWARD SECTOR OPS #2 64TH FIGHTER WING Historical Data for the Period 24 December 1944- 16 Jan 1945 Sunday 24 Dec: Cold and clear today. The candy and gum which was collected for the Children in the Schools in Cubrial and Rougemont was taken to them today. Monday 25 Dec: A bright sunny Christmas Day, but quite cold. Our Turkey Dinner was served at 1530. Tuesday 26 Dec: Today we found that we are to move very soon. Captain Frazier went up to Wing Headquarters today and on his way back tonight his Jeep was strafed by a plane and both Capt. Frazier and his driver, Pfc. Ernest E. Ziegler, were wounded. Pfc Ziegler who was cut on the face and eyes by flying glass, was taken to a Hospital. Capt. Frazier, who had a flesh wound in his leg, returned to Ops after treatment. 1st Lt. Harold C. Joseph and Pfc. Wilbert W. Kallenberg, both of the 82nd FCS, reported in for duty. 1st Lt. Charles Parkin, CAC, left this organization. Wednesday 27 Dec: Weather is stil clear and cold. T/5 Edward Bugajski of the 593d SAW Bn. reported for duty today. Thusday 28 Dec: We were scheduled to move today but the move was postponed for a day. Trucks are being borrowed from C.C. #1 and C.C. #2 to give us sufficient transportation. Operations shut down at 2400. Friday 29 Dec: Today was moving day and everybody was up for an early breakfast. The convoy pulled out at 0900 and arrived in Altkirch about noon. Most of the organization is to be housed in a barracks on the Eastern edge of town, with Headquarters and Operations being in a building near the center of town with the Officers quarters nearby. Saturday 30 Dec: Most of the remainder of the outfit moved upfrom Cubry today. Cold and cloudy weather. Sunday 31 Dec: Light snow this morning which soon stopped but began again after dark. Air Alert tonight. Monday 1 Jan: Three or four inches of snow on the ground this morning. Capt. Herbert Scheftel of the 64th Fighter Wing; Sgt. Frank Theis of the 328th FCS; Pfc. James W. Fraisure of the 582nd SAW Bn; Pvt. Travis Davis of the 582nd SAW Bn; and Pvt. Ralph E. Heflin of the 593rd SAW Bn. all reported to this organization today. Tuesday 2 Jan: All of our Radar Units were moved back to their previous locations this morning. Pfc. Carl W. Wenning of the 582nd SAW Bn. joined this organization today. Wednesday 3 Jan: Cold and partly cloudy. Snow is still on the ground. T/Sgt Fred H. Sampsell of the 82nd FCS was transferred back to his home organization today. Pfc. Robert E. Mikesell of the 593rd SAW Bn. was transferred to Forward Sector Ops #1. T/4 George E. Stirling, T/5 Joseph A. Huttinger, T/5 Alton Goforth, Pvt. Roger D. Barker, Pvt. Robert W. Gutshall, and Pvt. Edgar Grafton, all of the 927thSig. Bn were assigned to this Ops. Thursday 4 Jan: Cloudy today. We have access to a movie in town which has two shows a day several days a week. Friday 5 Jan: More snow falling today. Saturday 6 Jan: Pvt. Kenneth J. Daley of the 582nd SAW Bn. was assigned to duty with this Ops. Weather cloudy and cold with some snow still falling. During this period this organization remained in the town of Altkirch. Weather was cold with snow on the ground most of the time and the low visibility at many times held activity at a minimum. The following personnel changes occured during this time: 7 January: 1st Lt. John H. Williams, CAC joined this organization from C.C. #1. 8 January: T/4 George E. Stirling, T/5 Joseph A. Huttinger, T/5 Alton Goforth, Pvt. Roger D. Barker, Pvt. Robert W. Gutshall, Pvt. Dominic J. Spada and Pvt. Edgar Grafton, all of the 927th Signal Bn., were transferred from this Ops to Kosher. Pvt. George A. Rynberger of the 582nd SAW Bn.reported for duty. 11 January: Cpl. Leland O. Welsh was transferred to his home organization, the 328th F.S.C. 15 January: Cpl. William L. Findley of the 346th Sig. Co. was transferred to that organization. Pfc. John Maffeo of the 593rd SAW Bn. was transferred to this Headquarters from C.C. #1. 16 January: Pvt. George A. Rynberger of the 582nd SAW Bn. was transferred back to that organization. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA DetachmentJanuary 1945 Prepared by John G. Brewer, T/5 1 Tension mounted during he day as reports kept coming in about additional outfits withdrawing from the Strassbourg Sector. Early in the evening the Field Artillery billeted in Mommenheim told us of increasing German strength in the Bitche Area and about 2100 hours Fwd. Ops-1 gave FLORIDA and ALABAMA permission to abandon their sites and return to their respective Bn. Hq. Without undue haste or confusion the Men wasted no time in packing baggage and] equipment and close to midnight we were on the road to Rosiers. The 2 1/2 ton cargo truck developed motor trouble near Saverne and so the occupants of the Personnel Carrier stood by until daylight hoping repairs could be made. At dawn the Lt. and the others riding with him went ahead and arrived at Bn. Hq. shortly before noon of the 2nd. 2 The Bn. wrecker was sent out to bring in the stranded cargo truck while those who had arrived thawed themselves out and then pitched camp. On the way from Saverne a wheel came off the M-18 Power Unit and while the wrecker stayed with it, Sgt. Derrow drove in to the Motor Pool for a spare wheel and after a bite to eat returned to the second breakdown, not far from Luneville. At 2300 hours Derrow, Crean and Anderson got back to camp with the last of our vehicles. 3 Other than the arrival of mail during the rest of theweek nothing of interest occured. Most of the daylight hours spent making our tents more comfortable. Some of the Boys have visited the EM Club in Rosiers and one trip to Nancy has been made. 7th to 14th Under a blanket of rumors and counter-rumors about our next assignment and a new set, the personnel of this station slept a large part of the time while in the Radar Pool at Bn. Hq. this week. At last, Friday afternoon, 12 Jan, Word came to be ready to pull out for a new site with the XXI Corps the next morning. Everything that could be loaded in advance was put aboard the trucks and then all hands went to the movies at the EM Club that nite. The cook aroused us at 0600 hours, 13 Jan and our convoy was under way about 0930. We reached Morhange shortly after the noon hour and, per advance arrangements, Lt. Cupples INDIANA Unit had a hot meal ready for us. After eating they escorted us to the billits they had reserved for us and all that afternoon we were busy sweeping and setting - 440 - up housekeeping for what we hope will be a lengthy stay because these are the best quarters we have yet had in France. 14th to 21st. While some of the personnel continued to make our quarters more comfortable and presentable, others were busy at the Van in preparation for our Pin-Point Bombing assignment. On Tuesday, 16 Jan., Lt. Robert C. Colip of the 82nd. Fighter Control Squadron arrived to take over his duties as Controller. Friday morning, 19 Jan., received word that Lt. Luna and the NEW YORK crew would arrive in time for Lunch but they were nearly two hours late, and in the midst of the ensuing confusion Lt. Kerns arrived to make his usual inspection. That evening many of the Men went to the Stage Show presented by the 20th Special Service Troupe and liked it so well some of them returned the following nite. Saturday, 20 Jan., T/5 Hausz, Cpl. Jenkins, Cpl. Morin, T/5 Thomas and Pfc. Rowland added to our meat supply by bagging to Yearling Bucks and a Wild Boar. At week's end all hands agree this is a good spot but the mail service is lousy. Sunday, 21st. Normal routine. Monday, 22nd. Normal routine. Tuesday, 23rd. Normal routine. Wednesday, 24th. Normal routine. Thursday, 25th. Orders from XXI Corps Hq. to move with them to Schirmeck. In spite of lack of specific Orders that we should move this day, preparations to do so continued. At noon latest Word from Corps was that we should move when ready and pick our own route. Consensus of opinion was that there was no need to move until the next day, however Lt. De Voto was determined to go ahead in spite of the fact that we had some 65 miles to travel and it was 1500 hrs. before we were ready. After a week of snow there was every reason to think that even the main convoy routes would not be in the best condition, nevertheless Lt. De Voto mapped a route across country using secondary roads because the distance was a bit shorter. About dusk the convoy became separated and two hours were spent waiting for the other trucks. It was decided to continue on a long, snow drifted hill outside Schirmeck the Personnel Truck caught up with the heavier equipment trucks which had to winch their way up the hill, a job which took 7 hours to accomplish. Fiday, 26th. It was close to 0400 hours when we arrvied in Schirmeck to find that the XXI Corps had gone on to St. Marie. A stop of an hour and a half was called to allow the Men to get Hot Coffee and warm up. The convoy continued on to St. Die and the Personnel Carrier got lost because of faulty Navigation and it was well after dawn that we arrived there. While the Men warmed themselves in a bake shop Lt. De Voto set out to find temporary quarters in St. Die. He was successful and the Men set to with a will to clean up the place, then themselves and then a hot meal. While the Men busied themselves setting up temporary quarters, Lt. De Voto set out to find Corps Hq. at St. Marie. He returned about 2100 hours to tell us that it took him four hours to get there because of heavy traffic over another snow covered mountain road. While looking for quarters and on his trip to St. Marie, Lt. De Voto was accompanied by Lt. Colip, the Controller attached to us. Saturday, 27th. Pfc. Delaney and T/5 Kaiser took the Personnel Carrier to Luneville for rations and gasoline. When they hadn't returned by nightfall all of us were beginning to wonder what might have happened. They returned sometime between 8 and 9 o'clock with gas, rations and mail; they had to go to Nancy for gas because of the Gas Dump at Luneville had gone dry. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment January 1945 1 Attached to Bn. Hq. for rations and quarters, and living in the large stable on the Stud Farm at Rosiers. At 0600 this morning Pvt. Towland, while on guard at Post #1 (Bn. Guard) was shot at. The shots came from the direction of Rosiers. They were investigated, but the person doing the firing could not be found. T/5 Martin advanced in grade to T/4 as of today. 2 Today many former members of NEW YORK, now with ALABAMA, came in to see us Made it seem like old times. Still attached to Bn. Hq. 3 Still attached to Bn. Hq. Training Program is continuing despite the large number of Men being used to man the double Posts at night. Men are getting this Army Grid System down pretty well. 4 Still attached to Bn. Hq. No change. 5 A representative of "Radar" Magazine came to see the Bn. today. Lt. Luna showed him around the Unit, and the man took some pictures of the outside. Maybe the Bn. is going to be written up. 6 Regular Saturday, with inspection being the main attraction. In the evening, a dance at the Bn. EM Clubroom, where a good time was had by all. 7 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 8 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 9 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 10 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. All attended a lecture in the theater by a Lt. Col., an Air Liaison Officer, Infantry, with the Third Army. It was a very interesting lecture on the status of the Front, and the events leading up to it. 11 Still attached etc. A Red Cross Girl visited Bn. Hq. today, ate Supper with the Men and distributed doughnuts. 12 Still attached etc. 13 Still attached etc. 14 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 15 Still attached etc. 16 Still attached etc. 17 Still attached etc. 18 Still attached etc. We have received Orders to get ready to go out in the field, and we spent the day doing that. We have stopped pulling guard for the Battalion, and now guard only our Radar Van. We have also been relieved from operating the Gale Switch. 19 Left Headquarters at Rosiers as a separate Unit for the first time in many months. Left at 1130 hours for Morhange. Trip unevental. Arrived about 1400 and ate a Steak Dinner prepared for us by ALABAMA. Moved into the other wing of the building occupied by ALABAMA. Men set up stoves in their rooms and blacked out windows and set up our Kitchen and Power Supply. 20 Set up Radar, and ready to operate in conjunction with ALABAMA and a D/F team from the 328 FCS in Forward Fighter Control for XXI Corps. Five Men from the D/F have been attached to us for rations, unofficially at least. 21 Still at Morhange & living in a wing of a fairly decentding in town. Today the Boys cleaned the wing from attic to ground floor, moved all extra equipment from the trucks to one of rooms and them boarded up windows and part of the wall, which had been knocked out, in one room to make it a Mess Hall. Radar station is half mile from quarters on a small hill South of town. Operational eight hours a day. 22 Usual camp duties. Five Men from FOOTBALL D/F team moved into a room in our wing and are attached to us for rations. 23 Usual Camp duties. 24 Three of the Boys went to Bn. Hq. in our GMC. At about 2030 hours Cohen and Clark walked in and told us they had hitched into tell us that our GMC was stuck about six miles down the road. Geroianni went out in ALABAMA truck to tow it in. Found that a clamp on the water hose had come loose and had allowed the radiator to drain. This GMC was recently given to us by Bn. Motor Pool. 25 This morning prepared to move, and left Morhange at 1400 hours, headed for Schirmeck. Snowey roads and steep grades. Reached Schirmeck at about 2230 hrs. in a blizzard, only to find that we had to go to Ste. Marie Aux Mines, about forty miles South. Were told that we would probably be quartered in a Hotel about four miles short of town. Were given explicit instructions by Lt. McLaughin on how to reach this Hotel. Took off about 2400 hrs, after climbing the steepest slope ever, arrived at the Hotel. The windows, what was left of them, flapped in the breeze, with deep snow on the floor of every room. The Boys pulled up as far off the road as the drifts would allow, and, after boarding up some windows to keep more snow and wind out, hit the hay, too tired and cold even to brew up some coffee. Guard shifts were set at a half hour.26 The Boys sealed the windows of their rooms with cardboard, put in lights and stoves for heating, and were set up pretty nicely. The whole team borrowed shovels from a crew of Frenchmen who were cleaning the snow off the road, and shoveled the snow out of an Area next to the building large enough for us to be able to park our vehicles away from the highway. FOOTBALL came up to live and chow with us, and then a VHF and two HF crews. After that a FM crew came up also. We are now are messing fifty Men, and are having a tough time reserving any kind of room for ALABAMA who haven't made an apparence as yet. Some 399s from 65 Signal seem to have moved into our Area. They must be living in their Vans as I haven't seen any of the Men around as yet. The whole area around this building seems to be flooded with all kinds of Radio equipment. Even our Hotel has three or four different types of Antennae sticking up out of holes in the roof. The weather is still bad, with heavy snow and a stiff breeze. Getting low on rations but expect ALABAMA to come up soon. Lt. De Voto came up and said that they would all arrive about 1700 hours the next day from St. Die. 27 Fear that ALABAMA might not arrive today, so sent out a truck for rations and gas. At noon, ran out of bread, sugar and vegetables. Found out that five FM Men are not eating with us, but then fifteen Men from the 65 Signal moved in and joined our Mess (Double Entendre). An MP Telephone Post has been set up in the building, also, for some traffic Control Reason, probably to report on traffic jams.--The Boys on the ration run found that the generator wasn't charging, so they stopped at an Ordance in St. Die. Got a new Fan Belt and met some of the ALABAMA Boys who said that they had sent out a truck for rations and gas early that morning, and if we waited at their place we could take the gas and rations right off their truck onto ours when their truck came back. We did that. ALABAMA told us that they would be in tomorrow at noon. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN Detachment Dec. 25, 1944 - Jan. 28 1945 Prepared by Wm. Eagle, Sgt. DECEMBER 25 Hagenheim, Christmas today, and a couple raids. Had a ME-109 strafing about 200 yards from the Unit evidently trying for something on the highway. Also had an Air Raid last night and Jerry came out in force as far as the Luftwaffe goes. Jerrie is making his appearence more frequent now and is coming out in any kind of weather. 26 Hagenheim. Not much change today except for a couple more raids last night. 27 Hagenheim. Not much change today. Mr. Reese out to visit Lt. Virili today. 28 Hagenheim. Made out forms for School Courses. Lt. Anderson out to the Unit today. Saw 2 of our Bombers crash today about 5 miles towards the front lines. Jerrie Ack Ack was popping all around them and it seemed they were brought down because of them. A great loss. 29 Hagenheim. Had quite a bit of excitement today. Jerrie sent over 8 P-47s with their markings on them. It seemed our Ack Ack didn't know whether or not to open up on them after they had a dropped a bomb about a mile from us. When the Ack Ack did open up, they were way short of their target. This could be mainly because they were confused. It certainly did confuse us. They were overhead for about 10 minutes. You can just imagine how relieved we were when they left. Whew!!! 30 Hagenheim. Had quite a few Hostiles over the Area today and Jerrie is making his appearence so much more frequent as the days pass on. Had a few missions that we helped track to their objective. Operations going well. 31 Hagenheim. Jerrie bombed about 2 miles from the Unit again today. Our Ack Ack filled the sky but we didn't get any of them. The Artillery sounded so much closer today and last night.---Happy New Year--- - 447 - JANUARY 1945 1 Hagenheim. Had a swell New Years, but at 12 midnight a great Artillery Barrage opened up. We are still wondering who it was, Jerrie or us??? In the late afternoon we got the Word that the Jerries were pushing up North and had captured a town not to far from us. We were put on the Alert and at 21:30 received Orders to pack up and proceed to 582nd Headquarters. 2 Rosiers. Arrived at 582nd Headquarters after traveling from 23:00 hours last night to 08:00 hours this morning. It was a long cold ride but the fellows felt a lot better after having a good Hot Breakfast at the base. 3 Rosieres. Straightened our camp some today and Lt. Buckner arranged showers for the Boys. They were certainly the thing and the fellows really appreciated it. Heard today that the new SCR 584 had arrived at R.R.M.U. 4 Rosieres. Today we moved from Headquarters over to Pont St. Vincent where R.R.M.U. is located. We are in a theater building up on the hillabout 3 or 4 blocks from R.R.M.U. 5 Pont St. Vincent. The Maintenance Men are kept quite busy on the new set, and some of the R.R.M.U. crew were up here to lend a hand. Had an Army Technical War Photographer up today to take some pictures of the Unit. 6 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Schiff out to lend a hand in getting the set in operation. Not much change today. 7 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report except the maintenance crew working to get the set in operation. 8 Pont St, Vincent. Nothing much to report today. Maintenance Men working on the Unit, putting modifications on it. Capt. Schiff suggested remoting the IFF Scope to the Height Range position, and they have been working on that. Sounds good if it works. 9 Pont St. Vincent. Not much change today other than the Maintenance Men working on the set to get it in good working order. The modifications are what is holding them up. Capt. Schiff, Mr. Hickson up to the Unit today. 10 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge out to our Bivouac Area today. Nothing new to report today other than the Maintenance Men still working on the Unit. 11 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today. 12 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today. Modifications still being made. 13 Pont St. Vincent. Lt. Smith, and Lt. Cupples out to visit Lt. Virili today. Lt. Hassell also out here in the afternoon. Two Men will be sent to DAKOTA Unit tomorrow to work on the Craig Computer and to learn its different uses. The plan is to send two Men every day until every one on the Unit can operate the Computer in an efficient manner. Some of the Men went to the RMU Dance in Pont St. Vincent tonight, but we were limited to 6 Men. More Men would have liked to go but that is all that was permitted. When out in the field the Men do not have the privelage of attending Dances, and it should have been up to RMU to show the Men recognition in this way. 14 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today, except the appearence of some Technical Officer who is here to look at the Unit, and its Operations. 15 Pont St. Vincent. The Civilian Technician still working with our Maintenance Men on the set. The Operations of the set aren't what they should be. 16 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing much to report today. The Maintenance Men working all day and most of the night on the set. 17 Pont St. Vincent. We have 2 Men going to the DAKOTA Unit each day to work on the Craig Computer. They will continue to go until each man has a good knowledge of the Computer. 18 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Howard returned from the Hospital today. The Boys were happy to see him back with us. We were to have a test flight today but it seems the weather was against us.19 Pont St. Vincent. They are still waiting for good flying weather for the test flight. Not much more to report. 20 Pont St. Vincent. R.R.M.U. has moved from Pont St. Vincent to a closer town to Nancy where Headquarters has now moved. Nothing much to report as far as the set goes. 21 Pont St. Vincent. The set is supposed to have a try out tomorrow. We are to have a test flight if the Weather permits. 22 Pont St. Vincent. Well today we finally had a test flight, but somehow it didn't go as well as we would have liked it to go. We had visiting observers in a Lt. Colonel, Major, Captain, and a Lt. They were from the 42nd Bomb Group. It was quite someting to see the set in Operation and the manner in which the new Plotting Board worked, as well as the remainder of the new additions to the set. We now have the IFF remoted to the 584 Antenna. When the 584 Antenna rotates, the IFF Antenna will rotate in the same direction and degree as the 584 Antenna does. Quite an achievement and improvement in the operations in the set. 23 Pont St. Vincent. Supposed to have another test flight today, but the weather was against us. Capt. Bixby out today to lend a hand in the Operations, and maintenance of the set. Good to see him back. Not much doing otherwise. 24 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Bixby out again today, as well as the usual Maintenance Men from R.R.M.U. Nothing else to report. 25 Pont St. Vincent. The set is now supposed to be ready for Operations. It seems that Capt. Bixby was quite a help and removed quite a few of the bugs. We were told we would move out in the field with the 6th Corps, tomorrow. They are now in Saverne. They are swell to work with and the Boys like the idea of going back with them. 26 Saverne. We were quite fortunate in getting a house to live in just 100 yards from OHIO's Bivouac Area which consists of a very nice house also. The set was set up tonight about a mile from the house, at the top of the hill. Should get omto Operations tomorrow. 27 Went into Operations today. Had a couple of shells land in the Area this side of Saverne tonight and they certainly did shake things. Supposed to be Jerrie Rail guns. 28 Saverne. Operations going well. Whitewashed the Van today to blend in with the snow. No other changes. 582nd Sig. A. W. Bn. L. W. Rept. Co. A. MAINE Detachment Unit Diary Dec. 25, 1944 - Jan. 1, 1945 DECEMBER 1944 25 Normal camp duties. Station still non-Operational. Christmas Dinner had all the `fixings' today - Turkey, Dressing, Mashed Potatoes, Gravy, Fruit Cocktail, Relesh, Minced Meat Pie, Coffee, Bread, Butter, and Jam. Everybody ate until they could hardly move. In the evening, most of the Men went to a show, and after they came home, Jerry put on a show for our benefit. Several bombs were dropped, and an FW 190 was seen flying low over the section of town we were in with all M/GS flaming away. Almost as soon as Jerry showed up, the Night Fighters arrived, but by that time the enemy had gone. The `Black Widows' stuck around for some time. There were no casualties to MAINE except for several attacks of nerves. 26 Normal camp duties. Still waiting for Word to move. For the first time in several days we had no Turkey. There was beef instead. Rations have been very good for some time now. Everybody is holding the right thought. The Red Cross has opened a club in town, so we know we are bound to move soon. 27 Normal camp duties. Lt. McCoy visited camp today with Orders to report to Bn. Hq. tomorrow to go out with OKLAHOMA Unit with a Corps Air Support Party. Called Bn. Motor Pool to hurry them on the repair of Radar Van. Loaded all possible equipment so as to get an early start in the morning. 28 Just finished loading all equipment, and has sent Radar Van off to Motor Pool when Lt. McCoy arrived with the news that the deal was off, and Orders to sit tight. Everything seems to happen to MAINE. Sent cargo truck to Bn. Hq. to pick up Men and equipment. 29 Normal camp duties. Morning passed very peacefully, but Mr. Hixon came out with the news that we are to move tomorrow. Still the same deal as before, just a little delay. Went into Hq. to get Radar Van. After a wait got the truck and started back to camp. About ten miles short of Saarburg the Fan Belt pulley dropped off. Towed truck to 3487th Ord. where they promised to get at it first thing in the morning. Impossible to work at night, since the work would be done in the open, and no lights are permitted. 30 Ordance ran into trouble on the truck, and were not able to get job finished until late in afternoon. Called Wing Radar Office, and left word that we would be late in arriving at new site. Got all possible equipment loaded in preparation for early start. Men took advantage of another night in Saarburg to go to one last show. 31 During the night there was a light fall of snow, and now the thermometer is very low. The result is a very slick road to travel. Arrived at new site at Col. St. Marie early in the afternoon. Set up camp in a Hotel along with OKLAHOMA, and the Radio Personnel of the Air Support Party. Put set in Operating condition, but did not work. Radio, and OKLAHOMA not ready. The weather is very cold. We are very lucky to be able to set up in a building. JANUARY 1945 1 Happy New Year. May it be the last one away from home. Still no Operations. Radio and OKLAHOMA still having trouble. Lt. Crowley arrived today with the pay-roll. Just what the Men will spend it for I do not know. There is nothing around here at all. But they will find something. We were able to toast the New Year with some pretty good Cognac that one of the Men located. But the Festivities were curtailed to say the least. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn., L.W. Rept Company Jan 7 - 20, 1945 Prepared by R. J. McHugh , Pvt. 7 Recc. trip for new site near Shirmeck ( S.E. of Strassburg) located one on hilltop with House and Hotel for Bivouac, and a close by Inn with good beer. Normal camp duties, very little activity. 8 Normal camp duties. Operations continued despite adverse weather conditions. The poorness of the site makes Operation very difficult. Tracking, and even locating very difficult due to adverse shielding from the hills. Men went to dance in St. Marie, and came back with poor reports of the Alsatian Beauties. 9 Normal camp duties. Operations continued, very little traffic. Sent cargo truck loaded with extra Kitchen gear to new site. Sgt. Dunlap. T/5 Bahweder, and T/5 Kotta went along as guards. Trip necessary because of necessity of sending P/C for rations on day of move. Closed Operations at 1500 hours to pack for move. 10 Moved to new site (WV 5689) due to bad road conditions did not arrive until in the afternoon, and then did not set up because of fear of Mines in Area. Set up Bivouac, made contact with Mayor concerning use of Hotel, and sampled the local brew. Men declare this is the best camp, and the best beer so far. 11 Checked with local people, and as best we could for evidences of Mines. Found none, so moved in and set up. Operations held up due to lack of communications with Corps Hq. Wheel came off of Water Trailer in Shirmeck. Outer bearing froze up. Contacted French Wrecker Service through Corps, and carried trailer to Biouac. Only bad feature of camp is the necessity of long trip for water and rations. 12 Communications still out to Corps. Camp well established, and chow excellent. Weather took a turn for the better with the Sun shinning all day. PX rations received. 13 Disaster struck at Lunch time today. The wind blew the Radar antenna down. Our fears for its structual weaknesses were realized in full. The Co-Ax feeder was broken at the upper support stub. The antenna support was crumpled, several reflector sections were broken, and the upper tripod was broken. Loaded salvage into truck, and went to R.R.M.U. There it was necessary to contact 86th A.D.G. for further information as to replacement. 14 Normal camp duties. Set brought to Bivouac Area for safety. Awaiting return of Lt. Woodling and Pfc. Waller from R.R.M.U. to learn the fate of Unit. All hoping repairs can be effected. 15 Normal camp routine. Lt. and Waller still gone. Today for the first time we saw the Eighth Air Force in Operation. It seemed that thousands of planes went over, both Bombers and Fighters. There were some FW 190's harrasing the formations but they were too high to get any details of the fighting. 16 Normal camp routine. Lt. and Waller still gone. Must be getting fixed up. The day was sunny, and the country was beautiful with the sunshine glisting on the frost covered countryside. The Men are getting laundry done by the Women of a nearby village. The first since Lure. 17 Normal camp routine. Still no sign of Lt. and Waller. Today should be called `Deer Day', three were bagged. Lt. Toske of OKLAHOMA, T/5 Kotta of MAINE, and one of the V.H.F. crew conncted. There had been quite a bit of activity at night. The R.A.F. going over. The site here requires that the 584 work at extreme ranges, and makes things difficult. 18 Normal camp routine. Weather turned bad, and now there is a Blizzard howling outside. Lt. Woodlin and Pfc. Waller returned with new antenna assembly, and a tale of a trip to Paris and back. Due to the bad weather, permission was obtained from Corps Hq. to wait until the wind goes down before erecting the set. The local Bar has been taken over for an unofficial `Day Room'. We get the space and heat, and the people sell beer and wine. Everybody is well satisfied. 19 Normal camp routine. Still waiting on the weather to erect the set. It is really snowing now, and if it keeps up we will have to be dug out by the Engineers before we will be able to get out of the site. Had some of the Venison for Supper, it was quite good. 20 Normal camp routine. Erected the set, and had a good deal of trouble getting parts to fit together. Must have gotten parts of several sets out of the depot. It continues to snow and the Engineers are having to work the snow plows overtime. Mr. Moran from Bn. Hq. brought the pay-roll out to be signed. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachment 31 Dec. 1944 to 27 Jan. 1945 Prepared by Julius Konradt, T/4 DECEMBER 31 Set up Radar and IFF, tents, rations, tools etc. were stored in a little barn. MAINE Unit arrived in the early afternoon. With them came Lt. Withers, our Controller. MAINE Unit is to work with us. The two teams will have a single Mess T/4 Weber hasn't arrived as yet with the Power Van. So we are not at all certain if we will be Operatonal tomorrow morning. We would be of course if the Power Van was here. After the Radar Unit was set up the Men cleaned up their rooms and gathered their equipment together, etc. JANUARY 1 T/4 Weber arrived at noon with the Power Van. He had a lot of trouble getting here. Several flat tires, a Red Alert due to enemy Air Activity. So he spent the night on the road. Due to the cold weather there was a lot of complications. The PE-74 wouldn't start. Hours were spent working on it. The gas heater feed line on the Radar was frozen. So was the elevator for the parabula. Had to heat up the Van and thaw out everything. Next a resistor in a Power Supply of the Range Unit burned out. T/4 Gassman said he thought we would be all set to go on the air first thing in the morning. There seems to be a lot of Activity around here. Today Lt. Toske tried to get a count of Men that are supposed to be here so we can have a basis for drawing rations. There are Men here from the 582nd, 593rd and 82nd FCS. Lt. Withers our Controller was telling some of the Men the duties connected with Dive Bomber Control. It sounded very interesting. The Men are all hoping that our work here will prove to be helpful. In a few days things should be a bit settled and we should be Operating normally once more. Lt. Crawly paid off the Men. 2 Was ready to go on the air at 0800 as we thought we were supposed to do. Discovered that Corps Hq. wasn't ready as yet. So the Men operated the set to find out just where we can expect to pick up the greatest number of targets. Others policed up their rooms etc. A number of Officers stopped by. Orders are to get the name of every Officer that visits our Unit and Biouac Area. However, there are so many running around here that it is impossible to do this. 3 Received the news today that Weber had been promoted from T/4 to S/Sgt., and Dorsey from T/5 to T/4. Naturally congradulations were in order. It surprised everyone to hear that the Radar Units finally received a few ratings. Went on the air at 0800 hours. Didn't have any Dive Bmbers to Control, so tracked X-ray flights that Corps Hqs. gave us. 4 Went on the air at 0800. Tried to contact Corps Hqs.but failed, the Land Line had been broken. The Wire Crew reported that it had been pounded by rocks until frayed through. In the afternoon the line again went dead. This time a truck had broken the lines. There was a police up of the entire area. Lt. Johnson spent the night with Lt. Toske. Started to snow in the late afternoon and continued all night. 5 It snowed, and a heavy fog hung low all day long. Were ordered by Corps Hqs. to go on the air at 0730. Were ready at that time and called up Corps Hqs. to get instructions. No one there seemed to know why we were requested to be Operational one half hour earlier than usual. The Controller there hadn't arrived as yet. So we just swept 360 degrees for planes. In the afternoon S/Sgt. Weber took some of the Men into St. Marie for a shower. A group of VHF Men stopped by for the evening meal. They stayed here for the night. This has been common practice here of late. Sone outfit pulls in, eats, spends the night here, and then takes of for parts unknown. This is hard on the cooks of course. They never know just how many Men they will have to feed. 6 Tried to start the PE-74 this morning. The water pump wouldn't work properly. So received permission from Corps Hqs. to remain off the air, until we get a replacement for our old Water Pump. Lt. Izzard and the five Men with the VHF equipment came back to this house this morning. The proper site couldn't be found for them. So they stayed here for another night. 7 Corps Headquarters called and said they were moving. Lt. Toske left early this morning to find new site for Unit. Site was located and arrangements were made to string Land Lines. The Lt. went to Headquarters for final O K on move and received the same. Corps called and recinded the Order two times during the evening. The latest Order is that we will remain here for a few days. The water pump from RRMU was the wrong size and Gassman worked it over to it the PE-74. VERMONT Unit reports that enemy Aircraft was over again last night. Parts of Sarralbe were strafed, and "Jerry" buzzed the Unit's area and strafed a nearby hill on which radio and Homing Vans were located. Nothing is reported to have been hit.--But, "Ceases to be Humorous," this sort of thing, says VERMONT. This afternoon at 1500 hours a P-47 Pilot spoke and answered questions at the EM Club. Henseforth we shall have Reveille, Retreat, and other calls set to music -- Strictly G.I. records have been obtained and a loud speaker system has been arranged to cover the entire area. 28 Thu Weather cold and fair; snow in evening. Normal operations. In the evening we were honored by the presence of the Red Cross Girls whom we hadn't seen for quite a while, and doughnuts were served with Dinner. The movie "Marriage is a Private Affair" was shown at the EM Club in the afternoon. 29 Fri Weather fair Normal operations. WYOMING Unit moved to a site near Alkirch today, where they will be quartered in a school building. A German counter-attack is expected in the area of Sarralbe and the present positions are to be used as a Defense Line; VERMONT Unit which is located in that area has received word to withdraw to the rear about 20 miles, in the vicinity of Fenetrange. KANSAS Unit also moved back. VERMONT enroute to Mittersheim, was strafed by an M.E. 110 just before entering the town. Personnel and equipment escaped injury. Our rations have improved to such a degree that for more than a week we have been eating fresh eggs for Breakfast daily. There is fresh meat once a day for certain, and twice a day occasionally.-- What is more necessary for good Morale than food:? 30 Sat Weather fair and slightly warmer. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. Orders were received today, G.O. #95, 12th Evac. Hosp., awarding Pfc. Ernest E. Zeigler a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster for injuries received in action against the enemy on the 26th of December. 31 Sun Weather fair and cold; snow in the morning. Normal operations. The last of the year, and it was ushered out by a dance at the EM Club. A French Orchestra played for us this night. Everyone had a very fair time. The dance broke up at about 0200 hours. Morale in general for this period has been good. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. IOWA Detachment January 1945 Prepared by Orrin P. Caldwell, 2nd Lt. 1 The dance was held at Merci La Grande was continued. Several of the Men attended again and the place was as cold as it was last night. This ends the Holiday Season and I think most of us are rather glad of it. Mail has become very slow again. Many packages which are expected have not arrived as yet. Capt. Merrill arrived with the Monthly Pay, this brought out many smiles. Seems like it was a long time between now and the last one. 2 Many of the Men are wondering what W.P.B. at home did the to chickens-eggs (fresh ones) eleven days out of fifteen -well- something has happened. 3 Capt. Merrill left for NEW JERSEY this morning. Currier didn't even come around today. No mail in three days now. Rumor has it that there will be ome tonight. 4 Currier arrived with three large sacks of mail this morning. Place looks like we are having a second Christmas. Snow fell in light showers all day. Looks like its here to last. The roads here are fairly slippery now - What will they be when this freezes? 5 It was snowing when we awoke this morning, and has continued all day. It is very fine and hasn't exceeded 2 inches in depth yet. C.C. #1 phoned that they would be here with a movie at 1500 hours. "Casanova Brown" staring Gary Cooper. T/4th. Sullian caught himself a trio of Jerries on the way to Gray today. Two Frenchmen guarded them until they were delivered to the M.P.'s. One Frenchman was admiring the Sgt.'s Carbine afterwards and found it was missing a clip. We were treating Sullivan for shock now. 6 Just to prove that you can do most anything when you have to this Unit is operating with five Men in the Hospital and has doubled up on the guards. Where the Men come from is a secret that only the Duty Sgt. knows. The movie didn't "Happen" last night. Our P.E. 75 took suddenly ill and the Commercial Power wasn't strong enough to carry the load. Needless to say - We were all disappointed. Today the Ration Dump gave notice of their immediate move. This means we go to Dijon for rations beginning Tuesday. The new Service Group is the 310th. 7 Currier came with no mail again. He never stays for Dinner anymore. Afraid of poison I think.... 8 Mail reached another of its frequent peaks today when the Currier came with many late Christmas packages. This happens regularly about every third day now. Lt. Johnson arrived with Officers pay. 9 P.X. arrived again last night and the Cigarette situation looks much better - 14 packages per man. Capt. Merrill arrived for a two day visit. The snow is about five inches deep now and the temperature drops to + 10 about midnight each night. 10 The snow has stopped falling but the cold remains. Lowest temperature recorded at the Unit is + 5 which is cold enough. Lt. Johnson left for Battalion Headquarters. Plans are being made for a party celebrating our Second Year overseas - 14 January. We hope that there are no more such functions. 11 Another small Christmas came with the Currier. Three bags of packages. Pvt. Buzek is ahead so far with a total of 35 Xmas packages received. He is wondering where one more is - 36 people wrote him they were sending packages. 12 Some one procured a set of Billiard Balls for our Day Room and with their coming, request for passes have been fewer. Pvt. Trageser says that he now knows where Pfc. Serio received his Higher Education. Chaplain Hornbuchler came out for Communion today. We are making arrangements to have Confessions and Communion here regularly. Heretofore the only Protestant Services were at C.C. #1 and Catholic Services were held only once every third week in Taxenne. 13 The temperatre dropped down to + 2 tonight. Pvt. McMillian turned up with a pair of frost bitten ears when he dismounted from the Pass Truck. Today most of the Platoon earned its fourth overseas stripe. Tomorrow night we have a party celebrating our Second Anniversary. New Years (We thought) was to be our last one for a while because of the cold weather - but - We couldn't let this go by without some sort of Celebration. 14 Our dance was the best one that we have had so far. Everyone throughly enjoyed themselves. It was rather cool taking the Girls back home but we thought it was worth it -Evidently they did too. We received our unusually lage amount of powered milk yesterday so Sgt. Silva took a whirl at making Ice Cream. It was very good. We had no freezer so he put it in a five gallon can, packed snow around it and let it sit - Every now and then someone stirred it and thought it was crystaline it still met the approval of all. 15 If the Currier enters the gate one more time without mail we'll have to appoint a Special Guard for him. His sole purpose for coming is to deliver Stars & Stripes. Everyone thinks that our dance last night was the best one yet. It did do very nicely. The music was a bit bum toward the last but most of us were tired and would have been laughed off if he had quit a little early. The Men say that one calls for more cold weather or no.. 16 Several of the Men went Boar hunting with some Frenchmen today but left too soon. When they found out later that the Civies bagged a big one, all swore that they would stick it out next time, Blizzard or no. 17 The weather took a slight break today and part of the snow and ice is melting. Those places on the roads where there is still snow are packed down for the winter. Those Ice Packs will never melt. There was a small fire in the Day Room this morning caused by an electrical short. The Men formed a Bucket Brigade very quickly and the fire was out before it could cause very much damage. 18 Cpl. Kennedy smashed up the Personnel Carrier today when a bunch of Kids in Gendrey decided to have a snow ball battle in the same spot where he wanted to drive. No one was hurt but the P/C needs a good deal of work done on the front end. Continued to thaw a little today and the bare spots are showing up in the fields. Our Men on guard at night feel a lot better about the whole thing too. 19 More snow - And we thought that we might be rid of it. Still warmer though. The Thermometer has stayed around + 36 F. for three days now. 20 Capt. Merrill arrived for a two day visit. Seems that there was a Blizzard on the way down. We have snow drifts up to 2 ft. deep here now. Pfc. Wittneben tried running down one of the many Rabbits around here. When he failed to catch up with it he remarked that these Rabbits are faster than those in Texas. He said that he had run down many Jacks out there - Could be! Again today the Men left the trail too soon. The Civies bagged another Boar after they left. Everyone is determined to get one now. Back in Italy they bagged three Deer and a Boar while we were in the Pool at Alberese, and we haven't forgotten how good it was then. 21 In a demonstration on the use of Incendiary Grenades today Pvt. Trageser nearly lost his new teeth. Told that there would be no explosion to accompany its burning, the Group gathered close to see the demonstration. When the cap ploped off the Grenade only the Instructor saw what happened to the metal being demonstrated on - The rest hunted for cover. Trageser gulped and nearly swollowed his new choppers. 22 Capt. Merrill left for NEW JERSEY this morning. Mr. Smith made the run to Bn. Hqrs. for the P.X. today - Everyone is speculating on the amount of the Cigarette ration this time. The mail doesn't seem to improve with time. The Currier comes - Everyone rushed to the Orderly Room to be met by a mournful - No mail. 23 The publicity given to rotation and furloughs has started everyone here to comparing points. Now all that remains is to see who is on the Order--! 24 Most of us are wondering how all the unusual weather happens to be where we are all the time. In Africa the local people said the rain was the most for many years. Likewise in Italy. Now France seems to be having its biggest snow fall for many years. Our truck drivers are about the unhappiest people in the world right now too. The ration run which normally took 1 1/2 to 2 hours driving now takes from 3 to 6 hours. No one gets out more that is necessary now, and most of us have improved our Billiard Game by a large margin. The Billiard Table has been a boon to our recreation. Mr. Smith returned from Bn. Hqrs. today with the P.X. rations, a Jeep (or Peep), stoves and long underware. Pvt. McGee drove the Jeep (which is open) from Nancy and immediately started inquiries as to when he would get his long underware.. 25 Lo and behold -- the Currier bought some mail. He probably would have been lynched if he hadn't. Bull Sessions which covered subjects such as Women, Weather and Good Beer gave way to speculations on the possibilities of being transfered to the Infantry. Five of the Men were called to the Control Center for a Physical Exam but no mention was made as to why. However with the news in Stars and Stripes about every branch giving its quota to the Infantry conclusions were immediately jumped to and the result - said Bull Sessions. 26 In this "Unusual" snow, many of the small French vehicles are as about useful as the Brest on a Boar Pig. T/4 Sullivan, our mechanic and Motor Sgt. is looking for a wrecker so he can set up a Towing Business. He's complaining about all the money he has lost now using our tractor for the job. The Civilians can't understand why we won't accept payment for pulling them out of the drifts. 27 Mr. Reese came down to wind up matters on the requisition of the Chateau. He wanted to get an early start, so of course we kept him up until three in the morning. 28 Lt. Kearns came down for an inspection of the station and billet. He didn't bring any rumors though. Snow piled rather deep here today and again we had to go into the Tow Business to keep the roads open. Lt. Ecker found the Countess de Galange in a drift and we tried breaking a road with the Auto Car tractor for here. The snow was too much though and at Pagney we transferred her to a Dog Sled for the rest of her trip. Wonder if she made it??? 29 Most of the Men are talking of arranging another dance soon. They can't make up their minds whether to hold it when Russia takes Berlin or wait until Spring. Anyway - we seem to want another dance sometime. 30 M. le Count de Galange came by to thank us for helping his wife out of the snow the other day. He said that her trip by Dog Sled was cold, otherwise everything went O.K. The snow began to melt tonight. Perhaps it will all go this time. -436 - 31 Instead of the usual snow today we had rain for a change. Don't tell me Spring is here already? What a country France is !!! The cooks won't need to worry about getting frost bitten while they sleep now. A G.I. stove was set up in their quarters and with a fire tender as Pfc. Wittneben is, ten to one that fire will never go out. Sometimes he reminds us of the time he blew up a boiler at a CCC Camp -- what a Man!!! - 437 - FORWARD SECTOR OPS #2 64TH FIGHTER WING Historical Data for the Period 24 December 1944- 16 Jan 1945 Sunday 24 Dec: Cold and clear today. The candy and gum which was collected for the Children in the Schools in Cubrial and Rougemont was taken to them today. Monday 25 Dec: A bright sunny Christmas Day, but quite cold. Our Turkey Dinner was served at 1530. Tuesday 26 Dec: Today we found that we are to move very soon. Captain Frazier went up to Wing Headquarters today and on his way back tonight his Jeep was strafed by a plane and both Capt. Frazier and his driver, Pfc. Ernest E. Ziegler, were wounded. Pfc Ziegler who was cut on the face and eyes by flying glass, was taken to a Hospital. Capt. Frazier, who had a flesh wound in his leg, returned to Ops after treatment. 1st Lt. Harold C. Joseph and Pfc. Wilbert W. Kallenberg, both of the 82nd FCS, reported in for duty. 1st Lt. Charles Parkin, CAC, left this organization. Wednesday 27 Dec: Weather is stil clear and cold. T/5 Edward Bugajski of the 593d SAW Bn. reported for duty today. Thusday 28 Dec: We were scheduled to move today but the move was postponed for a day. Trucks are being borrowed from C.C. #1 and C.C. #2 to give us sufficient transportation. Operations shut down at 2400. Friday 29 Dec: Today was moving day and everybody was up for an early breakfast. The convoy pulled out at 0900 and arrived in Altkirch about noon. Most of the organization is to be housed in a barracks on the Eastern edge of town, with Headquarters and Operations being in a building near the center of town with the Officers quarters nearby. Saturday 30 Dec: Most of the remainder of the outfit moved up from Cubry today. Cold and cloudy weather. Sunday 31 Dec: Light snow this morning which soon stopped but began again after dark. Air Alert tonight. Monday 1 Jan: Three or four inches of snow on the ground this morning. Capt. Herbert Scheftel of the 64th Fighter Wing; Sgt. Frank Theis of the 328th FCS; Pfc. James W. Fraisure of the 582nd SAW Bn; Pvt. Travis Davis of the 582nd SAW Bn; and Pvt. Ralph E. Heflin of the 593rd SAW Bn. allreported to this organization today. Tuesday 2 Jan: All of our Radar Units were moved back to their previous locations this morning. Pfc. Carl W. Wenning of the 582nd SAW Bn. joined this organization today. Wednesday 3 Jan: Cold and partly cloudy. Snow is still on the ground. T/Sgt Fred H. Sampsell of the 82nd FCS was transferred back to his home organization today. Pfc. Robert E. Mikesell of the 593rd SAW Bn. was transferred to Forward Sector Ops #1. T/4 George E. Stirling, T/5 Joseph A. Huttinger, T/5 Alton Goforth, Pvt. Roger D. Barker, Pvt. Robert W. Gutshall, and Pvt. Edgar Grafton, all of the 927thSig. Bn were assigned to this Ops. Thursday 4 Jan: Cloudy today. We have access to a movie in town which has two shows a day several days a week. Friday 5 Jan: More snow falling today. Saturday 6 Jan: Pvt. Kenneth J. Daley of the 582nd SAW Bn. was assigned to duty with this Ops. Weather cloudy and cold with some snow still falling. During this period this organization remained in the town of Altkirch. Weather was cold with snow on the ground most of the time and the low visibility at many times held activity at a minimum. The following personnel changes occured during this time: 7 January: 1st Lt. John H. Williams, CAC joined this organization from C.C. #1. 8 January: T/4 George E. Stirling, T/5 Joseph A. Huttinger, T/5 Alton Goforth, Pvt. Roger D. Barker, Pvt. Robert W. Gutshall, Pvt. Dominic J. Spada and Pvt. Edgar Grafton, all of the 927th Signal Bn., were transferred from this Ops to Kosher. Pvt. George A. Rynberger of the 582nd SAW Bn.reported for duty. 11 January: Cpl. Leland O. Welsh was transferred to his home organization, the 328th F.S.C. 15 January: Cpl. William L. Findley of the 346th Sig. Co. was transferred to that organization. Pfc. John Maffeo of the 593rd SAW Bn. was transferred to this Headquarters from C.C. #1. 16 January: Pvt. George A. Rynberger of the 582nd SAW Bn. was transferred back to that organization. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA Detachment January 1945 Prepared by John G. Brewer, T/5 1 Tension mounted during he day as reports kept coming in about additional outfits withdrawing from the Strassbourg Sector. Early in the evening the Field Artillery billeted in Mommenheim told us of increasing German strength in the Bitche Area and about 2100 hours Fwd. Ops-1 gave FLORIDA and ALABAMA permission to abandon their sites and return to their respective Bn. Hq. Without undue haste or confusion the Men wasted no time in packing baggage and equipment and close to midnight we were on the road to Rosiers. The 2 1/2 ton cargo truck developed motor trouble near Saverne and so the occupants of the Personnel Carrier stood by until daylight hoping repairs could be made. At dawn the Lt. and the others riding with him went ahead and arrived at Bn. Hq. shortly before noon of the 2nd. 2 The Bn. wrecker was sent out to bring in the stranded cargo truck while those who had arrived thawed themselves out and then pitched camp. On the way from Saverne a wheel came off the M-18 Power Unit and while the wrecker stayed with it, Sgt. Derrow drove in to the Motor Pool for a spare wheel and after a bite to eat returned to the second breakdown, not far from Luneville. At 2300 hours Derrow, Crean and Anderson got back to camp with the last of our vehicles. 3 Other than the arrival of mail during the rest of the week nothing of interest occured. Most of the daylight hours spent making our tents more comfortable. Some of the Boys have visited the EM Club in Rosiers and one trip to Nancy has been made. 7th to 14th Under a blanket of rumors and counter-rumors about our next assignment and a new set, the personnel of this station slept a large part of the time while in the Radar Pool at Bn. Hq. this week. At last, Friday afternoon, 12 Jan, Word came to be ready to pull out for a new site with the XXI Corps the next morning. Everything that could be loaded in advance was put aboard the trucks and then all hands went to the movies at the EM Club that nite. The cook aroused us at 0600 hours, 13 Jan and our convoy was under way about 0930. We reached Morhange shortly after the noon hour and, per advance arrangements, Lt. Cupples INDIANA Unit had a hot meal ready for us. After eating they escorted us to the billits they had reserved for us and all that afternoon we were busy sweeping and setting up housekeeping for what we hope will be a lengthy stay because these are the best quarters we have yet had in France. 14th to 21st. While some of the personnel continued to make our quarters more comfortable and presentable, others were busy at the Van in preparation for our Pin-Point Bombing assignment. On Tuesday, 16 Jan., Lt. Robert C. Colip of the 82nd. Fighter Control Squadron arrived to take over his duties as Controller. Friday morning, 19 Jan., received word that Lt. Luna and the NEW YORK crew would arrive in time for Lunch but they were nearly two hours late, and in the midst of the ensuing confusion Lt. Kerns arrived to make his usual inspection. That evening many of the Men went to the Stage Show presented by the 20th Special Service Troupe and liked it so well some of them returned the following nite. Saturday, 20 Jan., T/5 Hausz, Cpl. Jenkins, Cpl. Morin, T/5 Thomas and Pfc. Rowland added to our meat supply by bagging to Yearling Bucks and a Wild Boar. At week's end all hands agree this is a good spot but the mail service is lousy. Sunday, 21st. Normal routine. Monday, 22nd. Normal routine. Tuesday, 23rd. Normal routine. Wednesday, 24th. Normal routine. Thursday, 25th. Orders from XXI Corps Hq. to move with them to Schirmeck. In spite of lack of specific Orders that we should move this day, preparations to do so continued. At noon latest Word from Corps was that we should move when ready and pick our own route. Consensus of opinion was that there was no need to move until the next day, however Lt. De Voto was determined to go ahead in spite of the fact that we had some 65 miles to travel and it was 1500 hrs. before we were ready. After a week of snow there was every reason to think that even the main convoy routes would not be in the best condition, nevertheless Lt. De Voto mapped a route across country using secondary roads because the distance was a bit shorter. About dusk the convoy became separated and two hours were spent waiting for the other trucks. It was decided to continue on a long, snow drifted hill outside Schirmeck the Personnel Truck caught up with the heavier equipment trucks which had to winch their way up the hill, a job which took 7 hours to accomplish. - 441 - Fiday, 26th. It was close to 00400 hours when we arrvied in Schirmeck to find that the XXI Corps had gone on to St. Marie. A stop of an hour and a half was called to allow the Men to get Hot Coffee and warm up. The convoy continued on to St. Die and the Personnel Carrier got lost because of faulty Navigation and it was well after dawn that we arrived there. While the Men warmed themselves in a bake shop Lt. De Voto set out to find temporary quarters in St. Die. He was successful and the Men set to with a will to clean up the place, then themselves and then a hot meal. While the Men busied themselves setting up temporary quarters, Lt. De Voto set out to find Corps Hq. at St. Marie. He returned about 2100 hours to tell us that it took him four hours to get there because of heavy traffic over another snow covered mountain road. While looking for quarters and on his trip to St. Marie, Lt. De Voto was accompanied by Lt. Colip, the Controller attached to us. Saturday, 27th. Pfc. Delaney and T/5 Kaiser took the Personnel Carrier to Luneville for rations and gasoline. When they hadn't returned by nightfall all of us were beginning to wonder what might have happened. They returned sometime between 8 and 9 o'clock with gas, rations and mail; they had to go to Nancy for gas because of the Gas Dump at Luneville had gone dry. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment January 1945 1 Attached to Bn. Hq. for rations and quarters, and living in the large stable on the Stud Farm at Rosiers. At 0600 this morning Pvt. Towland, while on guard at Post #1 (Bn. Guard) was shot at. The shots came from the direction of Rosiers. They were investigated, but the person doing the firing could not be found. T/5 Martin advanced in grade to T/4 as of today. 2 Today many former members of NEW YORK, now with ALABAMA, came in to see us Made it seem like old times. Still attached to Bn. Hq. 3 Still attached to Bn. Hq. Training Program is continuing despite the large number of Men being used to man the double Posts at night. Men are getting this Army Grid System down pretty well. 4 Still attached to Bn. Hq. No change. 5 A representative of "Radar" Magazine came to see the Bn. today. Lt. Luna showed him around the Unit, and the man took some pictures of the outside. Maybe the Bn. is going to be written up. 6 Regular Saturday, with inspection being the main attraction. In the evening, a dance at the Bn. EM Clubroom, where a good time was had by all. 7 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 8 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 9 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 10 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. All attended a lecture in the theater by a Lt. Col., an Air Liaison Officer, Infantry, with the Third Army. It was a very interesting lecture on the status of the Front, and the events leading up to it. 11 Still attached etc. A Red Cross Girl visited Bn. Hq. today, ate Supper with the Men and distributed doughnuts. 12 Still attached etc. 13 Still attached etc. 14 Still attached to Battalion Headquarters for rations and quarters. 15 Still attached etc. 16 Still attached etc. 17 Still attached etc. 18 Still attached etc. We have received Orders to get ready to go out in the field, and we spent the day doing that. We have stopped pulling guard for the Battalion, and now guard only our Radar Van. We have also been relieved from operating the Gale Switch. 19 Left Headquarters at Rosiers as a separate Unit for the first time in many months. Left at 1130 hours for Morhange. Trip unevental. Arrived about 1400 and ate a Steak Dinner prepared for us by ALABAMA. Moved into the other wing of the building occupied by ALABAMA. Men set up stoves in their rooms and blacked out windows and set up our Kitchen and Power Supply. 20 Set up Radar, and ready to operate in conjunction with ALABAMA and a D/F team from the 328 FCS in Forward Fighter Control for XXI Corps. Five Men from the D/F have been attached to us for rations, unofficially at least. 21 Still at Morhange & living in a wing of a fairly decent ding in town. Today the Boys cleaned the wing from attic to ground floor, moved all extra equipment from the trucks to one of rooms and them boarded up windows and part of the wall, which had been knocked out, in one room to make it a Mess Hall. Radar station is half mile from quarters on a small hill South of town. Operational eight hours a day. 22 Usual camp duties. Five Men from FOOTBALL D/F team moved into a room in our wing and are attached to us forrations. 23 Usual Camp duties. 24 Three of the Boys went to Bn. Hq. in our GMC. At about 2030 hours Cohen and Clark walked in and told us they had hitched into tell us that our GMC was stuck about six miles down the road. Geroianni went out in ALABAMA truck to tow it in. Found that a clamp on the water hose had come loose and had allowed the radiator to drain. This GMC was recently given to us by Bn. Motor Pool. 25 This morning prepared to move, and left Morhange at 1400 hours, headed for Schirmeck. Snowey roads and steep grades. Reached Schirmeck at about 2230 hrs. in a blizzard, only to find that we had to go to Ste. Marie Aux Mines, about forty miles South. Were told that we would probably be quartered in a Hotel about four miles short of town. Were given explicit instructions by Lt. McLaughin on how to reach this Hotel. Took off about 2400 hrs, after climbing the steepest slope ever, arrived at the Hotel. The windows, what was left of them, flapped in the breeze, with deep snow on the floor of every room. The Boys pulled up as far off the road as the drifts would allow, and, after boarding up some windows to keep more snow and wind out, hit the hay, too tired and cold even to brew up some coffee. Guard shifts were set at a half hour. 26 The Boys sealed the windows of their rooms with cardboard, put in lights and stoves for heating, and were set up pretty nicely. The whole team borrowed shovels from a crew of Frenchmen who were cleaning the snow off the road, and shoveled the snow out of an Area next to the building large enough for us to be able to park our vehicles away from the highway. FOOTBALL came up to live and chow with us, and then a VHF and two HF crews. After that a FM crew came up also. We are now are messing fifty Men, and are having a tough time reserving any kind of room for ALABAMA who haven't made an apparence as yet. Some 399s from 65 Signal seem to have moved into our Area. They must be living in their Vans as I haven't seen any of the Men around as yet. The whole area around this building seems to be flooded with all kinds of Radio equipment. Even our Hotel has three or four different types of Antennae sticking up out of holes in the roof. The weather is still bad, with heavy snow and a stiff breeze. Getting low on rations but expect ALABAMA to come up soon. Lt. De Voto came up and said that they would all arrive about 1700 hours the next day from St. Die. 27 Fear that ALABAMA might not arrive today, so sent out a truck for rations and gas. At noon, ran out of bread, sugar and vegetables. Found out that five FM Men are not eating with us, but then fifteen Men from the 65 Signal moved in and joined our Mess (Double Entendre). An MP Telephone Post has been set up in the building, also, for some traffic Control Reason, probably to report on traffic jams.--The Boys on the ration run found that the generator wasn't charging, so they stopped at an Ordance in St. Die. Got a new Fan Belt and met some of the ALABAMA Boys who said that they had sent out a truck for rations and gas early that morning, and if we waited at their place we could take the gas and rations right off their truck onto ours when their truck came back. We did that. ALABAMA told us that they would be in tomorrow at noon. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN DetachmentDec. 25, 1944 - Jan. 28 1945 Prepared by Wm. Eagle, Sgt. DECEMBER 25 Hagenheim, Christmas today, and a couple raids. Had a ME-109 strafing about 200 yards from the Unit evidently trying for something on the highway. Also had an Air Raid last night and Jerry came out in force as far as the Luftwaffe goes. Jerrie is making his appearence more frequent now and is coming out in any kind of weather. 26 Hagenheim. Not much change today except for a couple more raids last night. 27 Hagenheim. Not much change today. Mr. Reese out to visit Lt. Virili today. 28 Hagenheim. Made out forms for School Courses. Lt. Anderson out to the Unit today. Saw 2 of our Bombers crash today about 5 miles towards the front lines. Jerrie Ack Ack was popping all around them and it seemed they were brought down because of them. A great loss. 29 Hagenheim. Had quite a bit of excitement today. Jerrie sent over 8 P-47s with their markings on them. It seemed our Ack Ack didn't know whether or not to open up on them after they had a dropped a bomb about a mile from us. When the Ack Ack did open up, they were way short of their target. This could be mainly because they were confused. It certainly did confuse us. They were overhead for about 10 minutes. You can just imagine how relieved we were when they left. Whew!!! 30 Hagenheim. Had quite a few Hostiles over the Area today and Jerrie is making his appearence so much more frequent as the days pass on. Had a few missions that we helped track to their objective. Operations going well. 31 Hagenheim. Jerrie bombed about 2 miles from the Unit again today. Our Ack Ack filled the sky but we didn't get any of them. The Artillery sounded so much closer today and last night.----Happy New Year--- - 447 - JANUARY 1945 1 Hagenheim. Had a swell New Years, but at 12 midnight a great Artillery Barrage opened up. We are still wondering who it was, Jerrie or us??? In the late afternoon we got the Word that the Jerries were pushing up North and had captured a town not to far from us. We were put on the Alert and at 21:30 received Orders to pack up and proceed to 582nd Headquarters. 2 Rosiers. Arrived at 582nd Headquarters after traveling from 23:00 hours last night to 08:00 hours this morning. It was a long cold ride but the fellows felt a lot better after having a good Hot Breakfast at the base. 3 Rosieres. Straightened our camp some today and Lt. Buckner arranged showers for the Boys. They were certainly the thing and the fellows really appreciated it. Heard today that the new SCR 584 had arrived at R.R.M.U. 4 Rosieres. Today we moved from Headquarters over to Pont St. Vincent where R.R.M.U. is located. We are in a theater building up on the hill about 3 or 4 blocks from R.R.M.U. 5 Pont St. Vincent. The Maintenance Men are kept quite busy on the new set, and some of the R.R.M.U. crew were up here to lend a hand. Had an Army Technical War Photographer up today to take some pictures of the Unit. 6 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Schiff out to lend a hand in getting the set in operation. Not much change today. 7 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report except the maintenance crew working to get the set in operation. 8 Pont St, Vincent. Nothing much to report today. Maintenance Men working on the Unit, putting modifications on it. Capt. Schiff suggested remoting the IFF Scope to the Height Range position, and they have been working on that. Sounds good if it works. 9 Pont St. Vincent. Not much change today other than the Maintenance Men working on the set to get it in good working order. The modifications are what is holding them up. Capt. Schiff, Mr. Hickson up to the Unit today. - 448 - 10 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge out to our Bivouac Area today. Nothing new to report today other than the Maintenance Men still working on the Unit. 11 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today. 12 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today. Modifications still being made. 13 Pont St. Vincent. Lt. Smith, and Lt. Cupples out to visit Lt. Virili today. Lt. Hassell also out here in the afternoon. Two Men will be sent to DAKOTA Unit tomorrow to work on the Craig Computer and to learn its different uses. The plan is to send two Men every day until every one on the Unit can operate the Computer in an efficient manner. Some of the Men went to the RMU Dance in Pont St. Vincent tonight, but we were limited to 6 Men. More Men would have liked to go but that is all that was permitted. When out in the field the Men do not have the privelage of attending Dances, and it should have been up to RMU to show the Men recognition in this way. 14 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing new to report today, except the appearence of some Technical Officer who is here to look at the Unit, and its Operations. 15 Pont St. Vincent. The Civilian Technician still working with our Maintenance Men on the set. The Operations of the set aren't what they should be. 16 Pont St. Vincent. Nothing much to report today. The Maintenance Men working all day and most of the night on the set. 17 Pont St. Vincent. We have 2 Men going to the DAKOTA Unit each day to work on the Craig Computer. They will continue to go until each man has a good knowledge of the Computer. 18 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Howard returned from the Hospital today. The Boys were happy to see him back with us. We were to have a test flight today but it seems the weather was against us. 19 Pont St. Vincent. They are still waiting for good flying weather for the test flight. Not much more to report. 20 Pont St. Vincent. R.R.M.U. has moved from Pont St. Vincent to a closer town to Nancy where Headquarters has now moved. Nothing much to report as far as the set goes. 21 Pont St. Vincent. The set is supposed to have a try out tomorrow. We are to have a test flight if the Weather permits. 22 Pont St. Vincent. Well today we finally had a test flight, but somehow it didn't go as well as we would have liked it to go. We had visiting observers in a Lt. Colonel, Major, Captain, and a Lt. They were from the 42nd Bomb Group. It was quite someting to see the set in Operation and the manner in which the new Plotting Board worked, as well as the remainder of the new additions to the set. We now have the IFF remoted to the 584 Antenna. When the 584 Antenna rotates, the IFF Antenna will rotate in the same direction and degree as the 584 Antenna does. Quite an achievement and improvement in the operations in the set. 23 Pont St. Vincent. Supposed to have another test flight today, but the weather was against us. Capt. Bixby out today to lend a hand in the Operations, and maintenance of the set. Good to see him back. Not much doing otherwise. 24 Pont St. Vincent. Capt. Bixby out again today, as well as the usual Maintenance Men from R.R.M.U. Nothing else to report. 25 Pont St. Vincent. The set is now supposed to be ready for Operations. It seems that Capt. Bixby was quite a help and removed quite a few of the bugs. We were told we would move out in the field with the 6th Corps, tomorrow. They are now in Saverne. They are swell to work with and the Boys like the idea of going back with them. 26 Saverne. We were quite fortunate in getting a house to live in just 100 yards from OHIO's Bivouac Area which consists of a very nice house also. The set was set up tonight about a mile from the house, at the top of the hill. Should get omto Operations tomorrow. 27 Went into Operations today. Had a couple of shells land in the Area this side of Saverne tonight and they certainly did shake things. Supposed to be Jerrie Rail. guns. 28 Saverne. Operations going well. Whitewashed the Van today to blend in with the snow. No other changes. 582nd Sig. A. W. Bn. L. W. Rept. Co. A. MAINE Detachment Unit Diary Dec. 25, 1944 - Jan. 1, 1945 DECEMBER 1944 25 Normal camp duties. Station still non-Operational. Christmas Dinner had all the `fixings' today - Turkey, Dressing, Mashed Potatoes, Gravy, Fruit Cocktail, Relesh, Minced Meat Pie, Coffee, Bread, Butter, and Jam. Everybody ate until they could hardly move. In the evening, most of the Men went to a show, and after they came home, Jerry put on a show for our benefit. Several bombs were dropped, and an FW 190 was seen flying low over the section of town we were in with all M/GS flaming away. Almost as soon as Jerry showed up, the Night Fighters arrived, but by that time the enemy had gone. The `Black Widows' stuck around for some time. There were no casualties to MAINE except for several attacks of nerves. 26 Normal camp duties. Still waiting for Word to move. For the first time in several days we had no Turkey. There was beef instead. Rations have been very good for some time now. Everybody is holding the right thought. The Red Cross has opened a club in town, so we know we are bound to move soon. 27 Normal camp duties. Lt. McCoy visited camp today with Orders to report to Bn. Hq. tomorrow to go out with OKLAHOMA Unit with a Corps Air Support Party. Called Bn. Motor Pool to hurry them on the repair of Radar Van. Loaded all possible equipment so as to get an early start in the morning. 28 Just finished loading all equipment, and has sent Radar Van off to Motor Pool when Lt. McCoy arrived with the news that the deal was off, and Orders to sit tight. Everything seems to happen to MAINE. Sent cargo truck to Bn. Hq. to pick up Men and equipment. 29 Normal camp duties. Morning passed very peacefully, but Mr. Hixon came out with the news that we are to move tomorrow. Still the same deal as before, just a little delay. Went into Hq. to get Radar Van. After a wait got the truck and started back to camp. About ten miles short of Saarburg the Fan Belt pulley dropped off. Towed truck to 3487th Ord. where they promised to get at it first thing in the morning. Impossible to work at night, since the work would be done in the open, and no lights are permitted. 30 Ordance ran into trouble on the truck, and were not able to get job finished until late in afternoon. Called Wing Radar Office, and left word that we would be late in arriving at new site. Got all possible equipment loaded in preparation for early start. Men took advantage of another night in Saarburg to go to one last show. 31 During the night there was a light fall of snow, and now the thermometer is very low. The result is a very slick road to travel. Arrived at new site at Col. St. Marie early in the afternoon. Set up camp in a Hotel along with OKLAHOMA, and the Radio Personnel of the Air Support Party. Put set in Operating condition, but did not work. Radio, and OKLAHOMA not ready. The weather is very cold. We are very lucky to be able to set up in a building. JANUARY 1945 1 Happy New Year. May it be the last one away from home. Still no Operations. Radio and OKLAHOMA still having trouble. Lt. Crowley arrived today with the pay-roll. Just what the Men will spend it for I do not know. There is nothing around here at all. But they will find something. We were able to toast the New Year with some pretty good Cognac that one of the Men located. But the Festivities were curtailed to say the least. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn., L.W. Rept Company Jan 7 - 20, 1945 Prepared by R. J. McHugh , Pvt. 7 Recc. trip for new site near Shirmeck ( S.E. of Strassburg) located one on hilltop with House and Hotel for Bivouac, and a close by Inn with good beer. Normal camp duties, very little activity. 8 Normal camp duties. Operations continued despite adverse weather conditions. The poorness of the site makes Operation very difficult. Tracking, and even locating very difficult due to adverse shielding from the hills. Men went to dance in St. Marie, and came back with poor reports of the Alsatian Beauties. 9 Normal camp duties. Operations continued, very little traffic. Sent cargo truck loaded with extra Kitchen gear to new site. Sgt. Dunlap. T/5 Bahweder, and T/5 Kotta went along as guards. Trip necessary because of necessity of sending P/C for rations on day of move. Closed Operations at 1500 hours to pack for move. 10 Moved to new site (WV 5689) due to bad road conditions did not arrive until in the afternoon, and then did not set up because of fear of Mines in Area. Set up Bivouac, made contact with Mayor concerning use of Hotel, and sampled the local brew. Men declare this is the best camp, and the best beer so far. 11 Checked with local people, and as best we could for evidences of Mines. Found none, so moved in and set up. Operations held up due to lack of communications with Corps Hq. Wheel came off of Water Trailer in Shirmeck. Outer bearing froze up. Contacted French Wrecker Service through Corps, and carried trailer to Biouac. Only bad feature of camp is the necessity of long trip for water and rations. 12 Communications still out to Corps. Camp well established, and chow excellent. Weather took a turn for the better with the Sun shinning all day. PX rations received. 13 Disaster struck at Lunch time today. The wind blew the Radar antenna down. Our fears for its structual weaknesses were realized in full. The Co-Ax feeder was broken at the upper support stub. The antenna support was crumpled, several reflector sections were broken, and the upper tripod was broken. Loaded salvage into truck, and went to R.R.M.U. There it was necessary to contact 86th A.D.G. for further information as to replacement. 14 Normal camp duties. Set brought to Bivouac Area for safety. Awaiting return of Lt. Woodling and Pfc. Waller from R.R.M.U. to learn the fate of Unit. All hoping repairs can be effected. 15 Normal camp routine. Lt. and Waller still gone. Today for the first time we saw the Eighth Air Force in Operation. It seemed that thousands of planes went over, both Bombers and Fighters. There were some FW 190's harrasing the formations but they were too high to get any details of the fighting. 16 Normal camp routine. Lt. and Waller still gone. Must be getting fixed up. The day was sunny, and the country was beautiful with the sunshine glisting on the frost covered countryside. The Men are getting laundry done by the Women of a nearby village. The first since Lure. 17 Normal camp routine. Still no sign of Lt. and Waller. Today should be called `Deer Day', three were bagged. Lt. Toske of OKLAHOMA, T/5 Kotta of MAINE, and one of the V.H.F. crew conncted. There had been quite a bit of activity at night. The R.A.F. going over. The site here requires that the 584 work at extreme ranges, and makes things difficult. 18 Normal camp routine. Weather turned bad, and now there is a Blizzard howling outside. Lt. Woodlin and Pfc. Waller returned with new antenna assembly, and a tale of a trip to Paris and back. Due to the bad weather, permission was obtained from Corps Hq. to wait until the wind goes down before erecting the set. The local Bar has been taken over for an unofficial `Day Room'. We get the space and heat, and the people sell beer and wine. Everybody is well satisfied. 19 Normal camp routine. Still waiting on the weather to erect the set. It is really snowing now, and if it keeps up we will have to be dug out by the Engineers before we will be able to get out of the site. Had some of the Venison for Supper, it was quite good. 20 Normal camp routine. Erected the set, and had a good deal of trouble getting parts to fit together. Must have gotten parts of several sets out of the depot. It continues to snow and the Engineers are having to work the snow plows overtime. Mr. Moran from Bn. Hq. brought the pay-roll out to be signed. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachment 31 Dec. 1944 to 27 Jan. 1945 Prepared by Julius Konradt, T/4 DECEMBER 31 Set up Radar and IFF, tents, rations, tools etc. were stored in a little barn. MAINE Unit arrived in the early afternoon. With them came Lt. Withers, our Controller. MAINE Unit is to work with us. The two teams will have a single Mess T/4 Weber hasn't arrived as yet with the Power Van. So we are not at all certain if we will be Operatonal tomorrow morning. We would be of course if the Power Van was here. After the Radar Unit was set up the Men cleaned up their rooms and gathered their equipment together, etc. JANUARY 1 T/4 Weber arrived at noon with the Power Van. He had a lot of trouble getting here. Several flat tires, a Red Alert due to enemy Air Activity. So he spent the night on the road. Due to the cold weather there was a lot of complications. The PE-74 wouldn't start. Hours were spent working on it. The gas heater feed line on the Radar was frozen. So was the elevator for the parabula. Had to heat up the Van and thaw out everything. Next a resistor in a Power Supply of the Range Unit burned out. T/4 Gassman said he thought we would be all set to go on the air first thing in the morning. There seems to be a lot of Activity around here. Today Lt. Toske tried to get a count of Men that are supposed to be here so we can have a basis for drawing rations. There are Men here from the 582nd, 593rd and 82nd FCS. Lt. Withers our Controller was telling some of the Men the duties connected with Dive Bomber Control. It sounded very interesting. The Men are all hoping that our work here will prove to be helpful. In a few days things should be a bit settled and we should be Operating normally once more. Lt. Crawly paid off the Men. 2 Was ready to go on the air at 0800 as we thought we were supposed to do. Discovered that Corps Hq. wasn't ready as yet. So the Men operated the set to find out just where we can expect to pick up the greatest number of targets. Others policed up their rooms etc. A number of Officers stopped by. Orders are to get the name of every Officer that visits our Unit and Biouac Area. However, there are so many running around here that it is impossible to do this. 3 Received the news today that Weber had been promoted from T/4 to S/Sgt., and Dorsey from T/5 to T/4. Naturally congradulations were in order. It surprised everyone to hear that the Radar Units finally received a few ratings. Went on the air at 0800 hours. Didn't have any Dive Bmbers to Control, so tracked X-ray flights that Corps Hqs. gave us. 4 Went on the air at 0800. Tried to contact Corps Hqs. but failed, the Land Line had been broken. The Wire Crew reported that it had been pounded by rocks until frayed through. In the afternoon the line again went dead. This time a truck had broken the lines. There was a police up of the entire area. Lt. Johnson spent the night with Lt. Toske. Started to snow in the late afternoon and continued all night. 5 It snowed, and a heavy fog hung low all day long. Were ordered by Corps Hqs. to go on the air at 0730. Were ready at that time and called up Corps Hqs. to get instructions. No one there seemed to know why we were requested to be Operational one half hour earlier than usual. The Controller there hadn't arrived as yet. So we just swept 360 degrees for planes. In the afternoon S/Sgt. Weber took some of the Men into St. Marie for a shower. A group of VHF Men stopped by for the evening meal. They stayed here for the night. This has been common practice here of late. Sone outfit pulls in, eats, spends the night here, and then takes of for parts unknown. This is hard on the cooks of course. They never know just how many Men they will have to feed. 6 Tried to start the PE-74 this morning. The water pump wouldn't work properly. So received permission from Corps Hqs. to remain off the air, until we get a replacement for our old Water Pump. Lt. Izzard and the five Men with the VHF equipment came back to this house this morning. The proper site couldn't be found for them. So they stayed here for another night. 7 Corps Headquarters called and said they were moving. Lt. Toske left early this morning to find new site for Unit. Site was located and arrangements were made to string Land Lines. The Lt. went to Headquarters for final O K on move and received the same. Corps called and recinded the Order two times during the evening. The latest Order is that we will remain here for a few days. The water pump from RRMU was the wrong size and Gassman worked it over to it the PE-74. Lt. Toske returned to new site to requisition buildings for personnel. Orders came through we were to move tomorrow. A Lt. Col. of the French Forces visited the Unit and warned us that the Germans might drop Paratroopers in our vicinity. Due to shortage of transportation a load of equipment was sent to the new location. 9 Closed station at 1600 hours. Dismantled the Unit and loaded as much as was possible. 10 Moved to our new location (W V 5689). A Mine Detector loaned to us by the 593 SAW Bn, showed there were what we thought were Mines in the field through which we had to pull the equipment. Lt. Toske contacted Hqs. but couldn't find any Engineers. Decided to wait until morning and then make another check of the field. 11 Drove Van and equipment into field after deciding that if there are Mines it can't hurt anyone as the ground is frozen solid. So far nothing has blown up. We have our fingers crossed if it thaws. 12 As yet we have no contact with Corps. It seems they are in the process of moving. Lt. Toske went to pick up our VHF antenna. We also sent a truck to Corps to move Lt. Col. Riha's equipment. He has no transportation. The combined Units Operating here are getting pretty well lined up and the setup is beginning to look like an organization once again. Our Unit has been Operational all day, the various crews have been operating to become familiar with th P E's and report that the set is working very well. 13 The VHF was erected today. Corps Hdqs. was contacted and the Unit became Operational. Various flights were picked up and recorded. A heavy wind was blowing all day and blew MAINE's antenna down. Lt. Col. Riha informed us of the gasoline shortage in this area and we are only to Operate when flights are in the air. The mountains surrounding us are all covered with snow it would be wonderful skiing. Lt. Johnson visited the Unit. 14 Pfc Ward of the 593rd SAW Bn. was sent out with his 2 1/2 T truck and 1 ton trailer. There was some doubt as to where he should stay. The Land Line to Corps Hdqs. went out and the Wire Crew were shooting trouble in a minature Blizzard. The wind continued to blow quite hard all day. 15 Lt. Withers took over two flights to Control. The first of the two, found a target on their own and dropped their Bombs. The second could see nothing so, Lt. Withers directed them over Offenburg. They dropped their Bombs but were unable to observe results. 16 Had another flight today. They found their target so the Controller did not have to direct them. The food has been up to and over the usual standards. 17 Nothing unusual happened today. The wind is still blowing and it snows off and on. 18 A M-18 PE was sent out from Bn. Motor Pool to replace the PE-74 we had. T/4 Gassman went to work on it at once and after several hours work was able to get it to Operate efficiently enough to supply the required voltage for the Radar. We expect to be non-Operational due to the PE as it is used from one of the other Units. 19 S/Sgt. Weber's comment today, "This War Diary makes very dry reading. Day after day the same old things are repeated. We move tomorrow - No we don't. The food is good - No it's lousy. It rained today, snowed yesterday." As there isn't very startling to report today, perhaps the report should be - a very dull day. 20 Mister Moran, Bn. Personnell Officer, brought the payroll out for all to sign. S/Sgt. Weber took the four ton D/T to Ordance. It is beginning to snow very hard and the wind is blowing also. From the looks of things we will not be able to get a vehicle into the Radar by morning. If we should have to move we will have to be towed out by the Engineers again. 21 Another heavy snow storm today. Impossible to drive any vehicle up to Radar site. Convinced the Soldier operating the Snow Plow on highway to make a road to site. 22 Lt. Kerns, Inspecting Officer of the Wing, inspected the Area today. The snow drifted last nite and almost blocked our road to Radar. 23 Lt. Col. Riha called Lt. Toske asking him to send gas and rations to T/Sgt. Tyler of the VHF Crew, who are snow bound. 24 Received PX Supplies for the coming two weeks. The Men who were at Headquarters also tried to obtain information concerning Pvt. Graves who is in the Hospital suffering from Tubercolusis. 25 Lt. Toske was told to be ready to move to a new location on 27 Jan '45. Lts. Toske and Woodling went out to locate a new site. 26 Sent to Ordance to see if the four ton was finished. It wasn't finished yet. Don't know now just how we are to move the Radar Van to our new location. Looks as if we will have to have the help of a Bulldozer to make another road to the Radar Van and then pull it to the road. 27 Received Word that we wouldn't get a Bulldozer to help us move our equipment from the field. The crew got shovels and started digging a path for the four ton wrecker. This took all day and also part of the night. At 2100 hours we had all our equipment out to the road and ready to roll in the morning. Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge visited the Unit and spent the night here. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. CALIFORNIA Detachment January 1 - 29, 1945 Prepared by Robbie D. Barnes, 2nd Lt. 1 Routine duties were performed. A big meal of Turkey and Cranberry Sauce was enjoyed by all. At night the Platoon was alerted and told to vacate by 0100 hours, 22 Jan '45. 2 Platoon was on move by 0100 and proceeded to Ops. At dawn the trucks stopped in ordernthat some Hot Coffee could be prepared for the Men. Movement continued and Battalion Hqs. was reached about 2000 hours. A quick meal was prepared by T/5 Mitchell and other cooks. Men were given permission to sleep in the Day Room for the night. 3 Trucks were unloaded and tents were set up. Vehicle driven by Sgt. Holt arrived about 1500 hours. A good meal of Beef Steak was big treat and the outstanding feature of the day. Stoves from Battalion Supply solved the heating problem and the issue was appreciated by all. The Platoon was issued a Jeep which will be useful for the short and quick trips which are necessary in the field. 4 Men were paid by Captain Merrill in the afternoon. The campsite was becoming stabilized and Morale was improving. Another good meal consisting of Roast Beef and Mashed Potatoes was served in the evening. 5 Trucks for showers were dispatched in the afternoon. Routine duties were performed around the camp Area. Three bags of mail were delivered in the afternoon and nearly every member of the Platoon received a letter or package. 6 Capt. Merrill, Commanding Officer of Reporting Company D, inspected the campsite in the afternoon and stated that he felt that the results of the inspection were generaly good, but improvement could be made on the cleaning of Mess Kits and Carbines. At night, a large number of Men attended the dance at the Battalion EM Service Club. 7 A wonderful meal consisting of Roast Beef and Gravy was prepared by T/5 Mitchell and Pfc. Paris. Bigest problem around the Area is the Water Trailer. It is impossible to keep the water from freezing and due to the shortage of five gallon water cans, Men are having difficulty keeping water on hand for washing. There was more snow today and it is getting increasingly colder. 8 A shower truck was despatched to a neighboring town in the afternoon. Truck made several trips so that all personnel could take a shower. Major Ross inspected the Area in the morning and instructed T/5 Leonard to give shots to all Men who needed them. This was accomplished in the afternoon. There was a movie at the EM Service Club at night and many Men attended the show. 9 Since the supply of Diesel fuel was running low, a truck driven by T/5 Gogliotti was sent to find a dump. After considerable effort, he found a dump in Sarrebourg. Back at camp, this was received with open arms because a few of the stoves had been out for several hours. Weather was clear. 10 In the morning, Pfc. Capmbell drew PX rations for the Platoon and these were distributed to the Men in the afternoon. Rations included two bottles of American beer which were gladly received. A shower truck was dispatched again. There was another movie at the EM Club which furnished an excellent evening's entertainment.11 "OHIO", a neighboring Unit, sent a Pass Truck to Nancy and welcomed several of our Men as passengers. Reports came back that Nancy was an excellent Pass Town so efforts are being made to cooperate with "OHIO" in order that a truck may be sent in more often. A meal of Chicken was prepared by T/5 Mitchell in the evening. 12 In the afternoon Men of this Unit attended an orientation lecture given by an Infantry Colonel at the EM Service Club. At night the Special Service Section of the Battalion showed another movie. Around the area, routine duties were performed. 13 In the morning the quarters and Area were inspected by Lt. Koziol. He found things to be in general good order. In the afternoon Staff Sgt. Murcko visited the "UTAH" Unit and delivered an Oscilliscope. An exceptional meal was prepared in the evening by Pfc. Umsted and Pvt. Gabbard. 14 In the morning a truck made the run to Nancy carrying Men on Pass to this Scenic Spot of the Department of Meurthe and Moselle. Because Strassburg, the large City near the last site, was off limits, many Men have not had an opportunity to pick up Souvenirs for several months. Lt. Barnes Platoon Commander, left for Worcestershire in England in the morning to supervise reconditioning of antenna and mount. Lt. Koziol assumed Command of Platoon. In the afternoon a truck carried Men to St. Nicholds, an adjacent village, for Religious Service. At 1530 hours a requisition was submitted upon this Unit by Battalion for Guards in the Battalion Area. 15 Lt. Friedlander, Battalion Area Police Officer, made an inspection of the Platoon Area in the morning, and was highly pleased with the condition of the Area and the Military Bearing of Officers and Men. A truck went to Pont St. Vincent, to R.R.M.U. carrying Pfc. Pemberton on official business concerning the Diesel Power Units and then to 64th Fighter Wing Headquarters to transmit a message from Lt. Barnes to Lt. Baxter, Wing Radar Officer. After a delicious meal prepared by the Culinary Staff, Men repaired to the local Cinema, Pleasure Spots--or to Guard Duty. 16 With a majority of the personnel of Battalion Headquarters leaving for Nancy, where new Headquarters will be located, the Platoon was placed on D.S. with Ground Observer Company B, under the Command of Lieutenant Friedlander. Chief duties of Platoon personnel until repairs are completed on the Radar will consist of Guard Duty. Unsuccessful attempts were made late in the afternoon to deprive the Unit of its heating facilities. 17 Pfc. Tellier was appointed Platoon Administrative Sergeant (Acting) vice Sgt. Hawkins, relieved, who will take up duties with the NEW YORK Platoon. The weather moderated amd snow flurries continued throughout the day. Platoon is now supplying full Guard Complement. Algerian Oranges (frozen) were a delightful novelty on the Mess Tables and helped to postpone several incipient cases of Scurvy. A shower run to Dombasle was made in the afternoon. A Female contingent from the Red Cross arrived in the afternoon bearing strange gifts. 18 About 1000 hours, Men were instructed to get equipment ready for movement to the former quarters of Battalion Headquarters personnel. Movement was accomplished in the afternoon. Capt. Bogan, Battalion Dental Surgeon, started inspecting the teeth of the Men in this Unit. Remaining portion of Battalion Headquarters personnel Messed with this Unit in the evening. 19 Lt. Friedlander, "B" Company Commander, inspected the new quarters of the Men. Details consisting of the digging of a new Latrine, Policing up old Area, etc. were performed in the afternoon. Mail arrived near Supper time in a more sizable quanity than it has in the last week. A meal consisting of Fried Chicken was prepared for Supper by T/5 Mitchell. 20 Lt. Friedlander again inspected the quarters of the Men and, with the exception of Morale, found evrything to be in very good order. Shower Trucks were despatched in the afternoon. DAKOTA Unit invited the CALIFORNIA Unit to a dance which they are having tonight. It snowed all day and the ground was covered with 10" of snow at 2100 hours. S/Sgt. Murcko went to Paris on temporary duty. Men are hoping that the set will soon be Operational again and that CALIFORNIA may return to its old site at Gimbrett, in Alsace. 21 Many Men attended Catholic Church Services in town in spite of the heavy snow upon the ground. Usual duties were performed around the Area. Dinner offered Spam as main feature but for Supper we had Pork and Gravy with Mashed Potatoes and Cocoa. 22 Fresh Eggs for Beakfast with the addition of some fresh doughnuts that were prepared by T/5 Mitchell. At noon the remainder of the Battalion Motor Pool moved out. Details were selected to clean up their Area. Passes were issued to the Men desiring them to the town of Rosieres. 23 Hot Cakes and Syrup for Breakfast. Steak for Supper. At night there was a movie at the old Battalion EM Club. The name of the show was "High Society" with Bud Abbot amd Lou Costello. TEXAS Unit arrived in the Area in the afternoon and they were billeted in Barracks # 1 with some CALIFORNIA Men. 24 It rained considerably during the night and partially melted some of the snow that had been on the ground but early in the morning all of this became frozen making even the shortest walk very difficult and dangerous. Outstanding Culinary Feature of the day was the Roast Beef that was prepared for Supper. Usual routine duties were performed. 25 Scrambled Powdered Eggs for Breakfast; Spam for Dinner; Steak and Mashed Potatoes for Supper, No unusual occurances in the Area. It snowed a little bit more during the day. 26 This morning ten Men were called from CALIFORNIA Unit and were told to report to Battalion Headquarters for a Physical Examination. Supper was the big meal of the Day with Roast Beef and Gravy, Mashed Potatoes and Peas. Snow is still coming down and it is nearly two feet deep now. 27 Hot Cereal, Toast, Butter and Coffee for Breakfast. Lt. Friedlander and Lt. Koziol inspected the quarters and Area in the morning and found everything to be in general good order with the exception of one or two Mess Kit Cups. We had Boiled Ham for Dinner and Fried Ham for Supper. Around 1700 hours, one half of the KANSAS Unit arrived in the Area and they were billeted in the old Dispensary Building which is now called Barracks # 3. Since no Word had been received of their coming it created a little difficulty with the food ration problem but T/5 Mitchell felt that he could meet the situation. Tonight there is to be another dance given by the DAKOTA Unit and CALIFORNIA has again been invited. 28 Men were given passes if they desired to attend the Church Services in Rosieres. Usual duties were performed in the Area. More of the KANSAS Unit arrived during the day and they are helping to relieve some of our Men in the Guard Posts. 29 A new Latrine was dug early in the morning. Hot Cakes and Syrup for Breakfast, Spam for Dinner and fresh Ham for Supper. In the evening the traffic on the road was rather heavy and because of the bad weather conditions we had a lot of visitors for the night. Two EM and one Officer from a A.A.A. outfit and four R.A.F. Boys came in. They were accomodated for the night and fed. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment January 1945 Pepared byS.L. Hasey. Pfc. 1 New Years Day this afternoon a few of us, in a Benevolent Mood, took a walk through town giving gum and candy to the little Children. Practically every house in town has a decorated Christmas Tree in the parlor, a sight we haven't seen for quite some time. Most of the people in town seen friendly to the Americans. A flight we are following this afternoon knocked down 13 German Aircraft over the fromt lines. The Luftwaffe appears now and then but usually to its own sorrow. 2 The Germans have begun their expected assault against the 7th Army Front, concentrating for the most part on the Bitche Area. We directed a couple of flights which bombed in that Area today. 3 We had a little instruction today in the use of Thermite Grenades which should be used to destroy our equipment if the occasion should ever arise. We expect to have plenty of warning if there should come an emergency but it's best to be prepared. German attacks have gained just a bit in the Saarbrucken Area. 4 Because of heavy overcast we Controlled an "Egg-Basket" mission over Zweibrucken when the flight was unable to find its target. The weather is cloudy and cold most of the time and there is always snow on the ground. 5 Our planes are flying in almost all kinds of weather trying to beak up the German formations North and East of us. As long as flights can get off the ground they go up and are taken over by a station such as ours. Bombing and strafing targets today were in the vicinity of Forbach. 6 A heavy snowstorm today made flying impossible. We can once again hear the Artillery very plainly. It must be moving back this way. 7 The snowstorm continued today. Civilian Church Services were held in the Church adjoining our Kitchen. Just as in all other parts of France, Sunday here is the day when people dress up and go walking. Snow and ice don't seem to make much difference. 8,9 The weather is still heavy and very few flights are up except for an occasional Cub. We are just standing by most of the time. 10 Better flying weather today. We caried a couple of flights up to the vicinity of Riming where they strafed convoys moving reinforcements up for the Counterattack. The line there has become fairly static again. 11 Some of our Boys have been doing some hunting lately and have been fairly successful in bringing back small deer. We've had a couple of Venison Dinners, which have been a sight change from the usual run of rations. And it has been discovered that some people in town will trade a little Schnaps for deer, that bought about a renewed interest in the hunting. 12 With this snow on the ground the kids around here take a special delight in declaring a Snowball War against us. Walking from our room to the Mess Hall across the street has become a dangerous mission. It seems strange to see these Children playing, apparently obvious to the rumble of Artillery which can be heard very frequently. 13 This kind of weather keeps most of us pretty close to our rooms when we aren't on duty at the Radar. Bridge and Pinochle are the main Social Activities. At times, though, some us spend an evening with a Civilian Family, playing simple card games or just talking in a mixture of French, German and English, with a little sign language thrown in for good measure. 14 Planes were up this afternoon and we Directed a flight of Dive Bombers over targets in the Biche Area. A large number of convoys have been passing through town here. Heading for that Sector of the Front. The German attacks all seem to have been held by the Seventh Army. 15 Today, the nicest day we have had in some time, saw the Air Forces out in great strength. About one o'clock, formations of Liberators began passing overhead and continued for nearly two hours. They were accompanied by a number of Fighters and made a beautiful sight against the blue sky. Mediums were out as well as the Heavies. We were told that they were paving the way for an attack which was scheduled to begin at two P.M. They are going to try to break through in the Bitche Area. 16 The weather just can't remain fair for two days in a row. It closed in again today. Cloudy, a little snow and very little activity. The Push which was started yesterday must be slowed almost to a standstill now. 17 In spite of the icy roads, there has been an almost endless stream of vehicles travelling towards the Front. Many of the trucks are loaded with Infantrymen, some of whom are huddled in their Sleeping Bags for protection against the snow. Apparently they are building up a big supply or reinforcements. 18 Talking to people aound here makes one realize how much this part of the country was pushed around under Nazi Domination. At the present time they don't seem to know what Nationality they are. In fact many of them are under the impression that they are now Americans because of the fact that we occupy this territory. The people in our house have been afraid to listen to any German-speaking stations on their radio for fear that we would turn them in. Evidently it is going to take a little while for them to become educated to the things we are fighting for. 19-20 A few flights have been up in spite of the cloudy weather. Most of them are now working around the vicinity of Strassbourg where the Germans have managed to establish a small Bridgehead. Our Aircraft knocked out a number of tanks there these last couple of days. 21 "Zebra", the four man D. F. Unit which works in conjunction with us has moved out to our Area and is now attached to us for rations and quarters. Now that their Van is right beside ours we should have much greater accuracy in obtaining the bearing and position of flights. 22 The Front lines are slowly moving away from us again. We can't hear the Artillery anymore. Tanks and trucks continue to pour through town in a steady stream. Tonight we could hear a number of Heavy Bombers passing overhaead. The nights have been much better for flying than the days. 23 Our new Radar set has arrived from England and is now in maintenance having a few minor changes made on it. Sgt. Polacek left today to work on it. As soon as it is ready we shall turn in the one we have now and bring the new one out in the field with us. 24 We have been given a Mine Detector as part of our equipment. So now we shall be able to sweep a suspicious Area before moving in instead of calling on the Engineers a couple of days after setting up as we used to do in Africa and Italy. It's reported that we are to be issued Bazookas also. 25 The Germans, having been stopped in the drive against the Bitche Area are now attacking in the vicinity of Hagenau. It is a little too far for us to be of much assistance, however.. 26 This noon we got Word that we are to move into Headquarters in Nancy to pick up the new set and do a little experimental work with it before moving back out in the field. Most of the equipment was packed up this afternoon. The move will have to be made in two trips, part of the Unit leaving tomorrow and the rest following on Sunday. 27 Most of the Unit left this morning about nine o'clock, eight of us remaining behind for another day. It was a poor day for moving; snowed all day long. 28 The "Rear Guard" left Mittersheim this morning, and joined the rest of the Unit at Rosieres. We shall be staying at G.O. Company Headquarters while we are here. Some of us are living in a couple of rooms in a big house while the rest are sleeping in a stable. 29 We're living in rather crowded quarters here but don't expect we shall be here too long. Somehow, Field Units never feel quite natural when the come into a Headquarters Area and the predominant question is "When Do We Go Back Out Again?" 30 The Maintenance Men are working on the set, and a little instruction is being given in the use of Bombsights and Bombing Computations. This work is becoming more precise and more complicated all the time. 31 About the only thing to do around here when we aren't working is to pay a visit to Rosieres, which consists mainly of three Bars, seving watered Schnapps and watered Beer. A couple of drinks and a game of Billiards is the extent of the Social Life. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. VERMONT Detachment January, 1945 1 New Years Day was quietly observed by the Men of VERMONT Unit. Our cooks again put out a Turkey Dinner fit for a King. The Sun was out today and it was very clear. One of our Radar Operators came back with the news that 1 Squadron of our Fighters shot down 13 Jerries without a loss. That's some shooting. No enemy Aircraft were heard or observed in our vicinity during the night. 2 The weather today was cold and clear. Fighter Bombers were observed all during the day. The Germans have opened their expected Counter-Offensive on the 7th Army Front. Word was received that 8 German tanks infiltrated our lines in the Bitche Area. Our Artillery was very active and large formations of Heavy Bombers were headed for Germany late tonight. Probably the R.A.F. A suitable answer to the German attack. Pvt. Huggins score for 3 days hunting is 1 Wild Boar and 1 Deer. A deer was also shot today by T/5 Harrell. 3 Cold and cloudy today. Lt. Crawley paid us a visit today. He came with the Unit payroll. As usual the numerous questions were hurled at him concerning the latest rumors and doings at Hdq.'s. The Lt. stayed overnight. Our hunters were active today but came back empty handed. The Germans have not penetrated to a depth of 7 miles in the Bitche and Sarrgemines Area. Our last site is Sarralbe and is reported to be a very hot spot, but then again it certainly wasn't cool when we were there. 4 It is much warmer today but very cloudy. Our Fighter Bombers were up although the weather is very poor for flying. A class was held today in the practice of Demolition and use of Fire Bombs in case of emergency. The class was conducted by Lt. Loreto. Pvt. Huggins (our hunting expert) returned with another deer today. The deer steak we had the other day was enjoyed by all. A claim that the Germans are using P-47 Fighter Bombers was reported today. 2 Men from VERMONT were witnesses to a strafing in the Duss Area and identified the attackers as P-47's. A heavy snow is falling tonight. 5 Cold and much clearer today. Heavy Bombers were overhead and gave the "Bitch" Area a pounding. The German penetration in the Bitche Area is now about 12 miles. A very serious threat. Sgt. Minick was the only hunter who got any game today. He shot a deer. Mail Call was held today. We also received Magazines, the first in months. An Order came out with the new ratings for Men in the Bn. The Boy's were glad to see some of the Men get them for they really deserved them. 6 Very cold and cloudy today. No Air Activity today. Pvt. Huggins returned from hunting today with a report of seeing some suspicious Men and vehicles in the woods around some old German Dugouts. Lt. Loreto immediately led a Squad of Men to the Area. The Men and trucks had disappeared, the truck tires made G.I. markings. Lt. Smith from KANSAS Unit came over before going to Hdq,'s. this morning. Large convoys of Tanks and Half Tracks were reported by our Guards to be heading for the Front late this night. Probably is the 12th Armored Division moving up. 7 Last night was one of the coldest nights we have ever had. The weather for today is very cold and cloudy. Mail Call today. Sgt. Jurick hit the jackpot receiving 9 packages. Our hunters today killed another Boar. Some of the Men attended Church Services today in the Town of Mittersheim. Large Tank convoys continued to stream to the Front tonight. Heavy snow started falling this evening. 8 Cold and a bit clearer today. Our Radar was standing by all day. It turned very cloudy by 1 P.M. For the brief period this morning our Fighter Bombers filled the air. The German Bridgehead North of Strausbourg has been strengthened by the enemy. It seems to be a serious threat. Large convoys of Tanks and Men and Material going to the Front all afternoon. The snowfall mounted to the Blizzard proporations today. 9 Cold and cloudy today. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Dorge paid us a visit today. Capt. Guthrie is now our Company C.O. Capt. Evans we learned is in a Hospital in Paris. Capt. Guthrie and Lt. Loreto spent the afternoon up at the Radar Set. Sgt. Dorge informs us that 7 Men are going home from L.W. Repg. Co. News of going home is chief topic amomg any G.I.'s. Our visitors stayed overnight. Pvt. Soto (our cook) baked a Cherry Pie today. 10 Cold and cloudy today. Lt. Loreto left for Hdq.'s early this morning. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Dorge left later this morning. Our Radar set broke down today. Sgt. Minick our Maintenance Man worked all day on the set. Capt. Feit our Medical Officer visited us today to give immunization. Lt. Loreto returned about 6 P.M. with P.X. rations from Hdq.'s. Mail Call today, mostly packages. Upon Lt. Loreto's return from Hdq.'s he and Sgt. Minick worked on the Radar set till the wee hours of the morning. 11 Continued cold and cloudy today. Our Radar set is still having trouble. Lt. Loreto and Sgt. Minick worked on it all day. Very little news coming back from the Front. No Air Activity today. Radar set now ready for tomorrows Operation. 12 Cold and cloudy today. Very little Air Activity. The thermometer registered 8 degrees above zero this afternoon. Small Mail Call today. Everything is running smoothly. Large convoys of Infantry were observed heading for the Front. 13 Warmer and clearer today. Hundreds of Heavy Bombers and their Fighter escorts were observed overhead heading for Germany. It was very impressive sight, the Vapor Trails left by the planes shown very brightly in the blue sky. This evening we were notified by 15th Corps of a enemy Paratrooper Alert. Large numbers of enemy AC were up tonight. The Alert was caused by Ack Ack Men who claimed they saw a Parachute floating down. 14 Cold and cloudy. Church Services were attended by the Men here in Mittersheim. Small Mail Call today. Much of our mail seems to be held up somewheres. Most of the game that the Boys have shot in their hunting trips is given to the people in the town. When Capt. Feit left after his last visit here he took 2 deer with him with the Boy's compliments. More Infantry was seen going to the Front. We all feel good about that. 15 Cold and cloudy. Very little Air Activity today. Everything running smoothly. Our chow lately has been very good. 16 Warmer and very clear today. Very strong forces of our Bombers passed overhead all during the day. It was very impressive sight. Our Fighter Bombers were very busy today from morning to night. Lt. Col. Patrick visited us today. He is Division Chaplain of the 63rd Division. He is billeting in our vicinity. Large formations of Heavy Bombers were heard overhead during the night. The R.A.F. taking over. 17 Cold and cloudy. Heavy snow started falling this morning. Everything is normal with no important events taking place. 18 Weather for today is very windy and cold. It started to rain during the night with a mixture of snow and sleet. Everything is functioning smoothly. 19 Weather today is very windy with snow and rain. Lt. Bodd visited us today. We hadn't seen him in months and all the Boys were very glad to see him. We Directed a flight of Fighter Bombers to their target on an "Egg-Basket" mission. Target was visible so planes went ahead and bombed without our aid. 20 Snowing windy and cold today. It snowed all day and night. Lt. Smith of KANSAS went to Hdq.'s today. Mail Call today mostly packages. Air Operations impossible due to weather. Mr. Moran visited us today. He brought the Pay Book for the Men to sign. He stayed overnight. 21 Continued snow and cold. Many of the Men attended Church Services today. 22 Continued snow and cold. Lt. Loreto left for Hdq.'s this morning. He returned with Overseas Stripes for the Men. We had a small Mail Call today. 23 Cold and cloudy with an occasional snow flurry. A very quiet day with no news of imprortance. 24 Cold and cloudy today. Sgt. Jurick went with KANSAS to Hdq.'s today to get our P.X. rations. VERMONT Unit had a dance this evening. For music we used local talent, which consisted of a Drummer and an Accordion player. Much fun was had by all. We had coffee and doughnuts from the Red Cross. The dance was over by 11 P.M. But plans were made to hold another dance soon. The Broom and Kiss Waltz were the hit of the evening. A very small Mail Call today. Lt. Kern of 64th Fighter Wing inspected our Unit today. 25 Cold and cloudy today. Nothing new to report... 26 Light snowfall and cold today. Flying weather is impossible. Nothing new to report..... 27 Heavy snowfall and cold. KANSAS Unit pulled out today to return to Hdq.'s to receive their new set. We will Operate without them untill their return. Four "Homing Men" (Zebra) are attached to us for rations. The weather again prohibits flying... War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachment January 1945 Prepared by E.C. Springer, Cpl. DECEMBER 31 The last day of the old year arrives cold and clear. A Little Get Together" is planned for tonight in the Mess Hall. As the EM are in good spirit--A good time should be had by all. Nothing of importance to report during the day. The Party this evening was a success--Individual skits were performed by the different crews and the attendance was very good considering that many of the EM had been invited out to French homes to celebrate the passing of the old year. JANUARY 1 A beautiful day to greet the New Year--a bright Sun, with just the right amount of briskness in the air, to make a person glad that they are alive. 1900 hours--a message was received saying: "Be on the Alert tonight and tomorrow night." 2 At 0230 this morning--the following Urgent Message is received: "Send two or three trucks immediately to VIRGINIA Unit." A renewal of Plane Activity is noted in this Area. Rumors have been flying thick and fast around here--But the first reports have always found to be geatly exaggerated, so we have learned to wait for Verifications. 3 This morning, Lt. Fallon and driver, leave for Altkirch to visit Ops #2. 1645 hours--Captain Merrill and driver Marsh arrive at this camp to pay the EM. (They will spend the night with NEW JERSEY.) 4 Captain Merrill leaves for his Headquarters at Rosieres. Nothing more to report for this day. 5 MESSAGE FROM NORTON TIME: 1000 "Gladness from Tarter---7 EM and one Officer will arrive at your station this evening or tomorrow morning." 6 Lt. Fallon and Lt. Cooke conduct the inspection this morning---The result is pronounced "Excellent" and the EM are commended on their efforts in keeping this camp in good condition. 1130 hours--Lt. Johnson (Hdqts. and Plotting) and driver Oakley arrive with the pay of our Officers. They will spend the night with us. 7 We received a message from Ops #2 that Lt. Turner (Medic) will be here tomorrow. The EM receive the news with the usual "What, Again?" The Luxury of a Shower is the promise of the not too far distant future---The rooms are alreay here, But, the problems of heat and water, will have to be overcome. 8 Lt. Albert O. England and five EM arrive from the 602nd Engr. Camouflage Bn. They went right to work on the Unit and I understand that it will be two days before the job is completed. 9 Mr. J. D. Sayre, our W/O, arrives from CALIFORNIA Unit. Mr. Sayre, has been asigned to NEW JERSEY, so, we felt that he wasn't a "New Man." 10 Lt. Turner gies us a V D talk with variations, also as usual. Nothing more of importance for today. 11 12 degrees above zero this morning--cold and clear. We realize how lucky we are now to be behind four walls---Tents would be mighty rugged for this cold wave. 1245 hours--Captain Merrill and driver Marsh drop in. The Captain will stay over for a day or two and conduct his usual through checks on all and everything. 12 Nothing of importance for this morning. The EM are given Tetanus Shots this afternoon by our N C O (Medic). Lt. England and his Men left yesterday after doing a very good Camouflage (Winter) job, on our Unit. 13 Early this morning, Captain Merrill and driver Marsh depart for their Hdqrs. The extreme cold weather causes a delay as the car refuses to start--- But after a "Push", they get started: The inspection this morning was all that could be hoped for---"Excellent", was the word that Inspecting Officer Fallon, used. The Shower for the EM was materialised. About twelve Men per day can take a bath. A regular Shower schedule will be posted. Our next "Luxury" will be a Day Room where the EM can write letters, read books or play cards. Lts. Fallon and Cooke are working on the Idea now. More about this later--as its just in its embryo stage. 14 More of the EM are going to Church now, than ever before. Most of the townfolk gather in the little Church--and when one misses Mass, the EM is asked, "Where was he Last Sunday?" Very little to report for today with the exception of our one "Hostile Plane" that pays us a nightly visit. The crews are wondering why interception is never sent up! 15 All the EM are rounded up this morning to hear a talk by Lt. Cooke on, "Blue Print for World War No. Three". These talks are getting to be quite the Vogue--and the EM are most interested. 16 This morning, Sgt. Greenwood and T/5 Kelly go to the Hospital at Besoncon, to have their eyes examined. Our Hostile Plane, "Lonesome Lulu", still pays us a nightly visit. 17 Mr. Moran arrives from WYOMING Platoon with the payroll for us to sign. (Cpl. Sutton, of WYOMING, drives him over.) 2214--A message is received saying "Enemy Paratroops sighted-nine miles North of this station--wearing Ameican uniforms." 18 Are told this morning, to disregard message sent a 2214. 0800--Lt. Cooke leaves for Dijon on Platoon business. We are having a regular January thaw-- The snow is going fast and it feels like Spring---I doubt if it will last long. 19 At 1000--Capt. Guthrie arrives on Official Business. The Barometer is falling at a rapid rate--It won't be long now. 20 Capt. Pinckard (Dentist) 593rd S.A.W. Bn. is to spend four or five days with us. About three fourths of the EM need attention. 1220--Capt. Guthrie pays us a short visit--has chow, and then departs for Nancy. 1645--A regular old fashioned Blizzard has now swept in--we are very fortunate that we are not in tents. Capt. Ward stops, and inquires about the location of Ops #2 from Lt. Fallon. Lt. Barrett (VIRGINIA) and five EM spend the night with us--The roads are very dangerous, so the Lt. decides that daylight driving is best. 21 Lt. Barrett and his five (5) EM leave this morning for their Unit. (VIRGINIA) 1155-hours Captain Merrill and driver Marsh arrive in time for a lunch of beans. If we have beans only once a week, the Captain is sure to arrive on that day--and does he hate beans: A Flying Fortress has crashed in the woods not far from this station. One Man killed, two were badly hurt, and five, being in the rear of the plane, were miraculously unhurt. The plane was demolished. 22 Lt. Cooke leaves for Hdqts. at Nancy on Platoon business. The Ambulance stops by and picks up our two EM to take them to the Hospital at Besancon where they are undergoing treatment for their eyes. 1000 hours--Lt. Fallon leaves for his weekly meeting at Ops #2 in Alkirch. We get a little mail this evening---But not enough to brag about. 24 Our Captain Merrill and driver, leave for Headquarters. Lt. Fallon again leaves for Ops #2 on Special Business. Dr. Pinkard is still with us, and is doing (from all reports) a very good job on the EM. 25 Early this morning, enemy planes were over this Area. Nothing further to report for today. 26 We have had a record snowfall--And it is still coming down! Four or five inches is the usual Winter depth, but this snow is now starting on its second foot. A message from Norton--"Nine EM are to report for a Physical Examination at Ops #2." The nine EM (named) get ready for the sixty mile trip while, Mother Nature, stirs up a Blizzard. Lt. Kingsland (VIRGINIA Unit) arrives in a Jeep looking like a snowball on wheels. The Lt. will guide Captain Pinkard to his next destination, (VIRGINIA Unit) will say now, that the Dr. did excellent work while he was here. The EM were more than satisfied with results. 1400 hours--Lt. Kern, the Wing Inspecting Officer, pays us a visit. Lt. Fallon, spends the afternoon doing "Road Work". He has "Ferreted Out" the Villages two Snow Plows and istrying to open the road to our Unit. 27 More road work this morning-- We hope that the wind will not blow the snow into drifts! The Inspection this morning was "Very Good"--Excellent. Lt. Fallon, Lt. Cooke and Sgt. Vitrano conduct same. 28 A real old fashioned Blizzard is the offering for today. A few of the EM brave the storm to go to Church---The Natives shake their heads and say, "The Worst Snowstorm in Years!" War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. INDIANA DetachmentJanuary 1945 Prepared by Floyd I. Edmondson, T/Sgt. 1 A. Military 1. Weather clear. 2. At 0341 hrs WASHINGTON gave us a pin point on a Bogie Flight and asked us to give plots and heights on both it and the Night Fighter. Our first plot on the Bogie was in WV-1297 and we carried it through to contact at WQ-4235 was seen to burst in flame and fall apart at 0357 hrs. Identified as J.U. 88. Intercepted at 19,000 feet. 3. Alerted to move in the early afternoon but told not to close down station until further Orders. Packed everything except items that were in use on the trucks this afternoon so that we could move in a hurry if necesary. At 2310 Orders came to close station and move. B. Daily life of station. 1. Morale took a down swing upon being called out of bed to move in the night 2. Turkey with all the trimmings was served for our New Years Dinner. 2 A.Military. 1. Weather clear - snow on ground. 2. Arrived at new location, WQ-139. 3. Parachute Alert all night. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Morale hit rock bottom after being out in the cold all night. 2. Entertainment- Show at 103rd Division. 3. Living conditions- living in a house that took almost entire day to clean out dirt and filth. Working conditions - Miserably cold. 3 A. Military. 1. Weather clpudy. 2. Visited by Lt. Johnson of IDAHO Unit with pay for Lt. Cupples. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Morale on the up-swing again now that we are settled again. 2. Obtained PX rations today which helped toward raising the Morale. 3. Movie at 103rd Division. 4. A. Military. 1. Weather cloudy. 2. Visited by Lt. Crowley with our pay. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Morale good, as usual, on Pay Day. 2. Movie at 103rd Divison. 3. Boarded in Personnel Carrier. 5 A. Military. 1. Weather - snow. 2. Laid telephone line from our Domestic Site to WASHINGTON switchboard which will give us communication WASHINGTON Domestic Site, WASHINGTON Unit, and our own Operational site. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Entertainment - A sight-seeing trip was made to Nancy today. 2. Movie tonight at 103rd Div. 6 A. Military. 1. Weather clear with snow on ground. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Movie "Bathing Beauty" at 103rd Div. 7 A. Military. 1. Weather - snow. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Movie - "Adventures in the Night" at 103rd Div. 8 A. Military. 1. Heavy snow afternoon and night. B. Daily life. 1. Food. Breakfast - Fresh eggs. Dinner------Hamburgers. Supper Ground Meat. 2. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 9 A. Military. 1. Light snow. 2. Visited by Lt. Friedlander of this Bn. B. Daily life. 1. Food. Breakfast Fresh Eggs. Dinner Hamburgers. Supper Ground Meat. 2. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 10 A. Military. 1. Weather cloudy. 2. Visited by Capt. Guthrie, C.O., L.W. Reporting Co., First Sgt. Doerge and driver Cpl. Ziegler who stayed over night. B. Daily life. 1. Food. Breakfast Fresh Eggs. Dinner Hamburgers Supper Ground Meat 2. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 11 A. Military. 1. Heavy Fog, early morning hrs., cloudy rest of day. B. Daily life. 1. Allowed two Men to visit Nancy on WASHINGTON's excursion truck. 2. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 12 A. Military. 1. Light snowfall. 2. Lt. Cupples to R.R.M.U. to get parts. B. Daily life. 1. Visited by Lt. De Voto and Lt. Smith. 2. Movie , 103rd Div. Theater. 13 A. Military. 1. Weather clear. 2. Found quarters for ALABAMA Unit. B. Daily life. 1. Fed ALABAMA Unit at Dinnertime. 2. A few Men allowed to go to Nancy on sight-seeing tour. 14 A. Military. 1. Weather cloudy. B. Daily life. 1. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 15 A. Military. 1. Weather clear until 2130 hrs. then slightly overcast. B. Daily life. 1. Movie. "Duke of West Point" at 103rd Div. Theater. 16 A. Military. 1. Weather cloudy. 2. Orders received to move at 0800 hrs. tomorrow, 17 January 1945 to Mommenheim, France. 3. Loaded equipment not in use on trucks in preparation for moving. B. Daily life. 1. Movie, 103rd Div. Theater. 17 A. Military. 1. Light snow. 2. Closed station at 0737 under Orders from Filter Officer and moved to new site. B. Food. Breakfast Pancakes. Dinner K Rations. Supper Weiners Sauerkraut. 18 A. Military. 1. Weather clear. 2. Set up SCR 584 at new site, ran Telephone line to quarters and FLORIDA Unit, cleaned carbon and ground valves of Power Trailer M-18, repaired two tires punctured on trip. B. Food. Breakfast French Toast. Dinner Spam and Cheese. Supper Fresh Beef, Swiss Steak. 19 A. Military. 1. Weather -snow and rain. 2. Meeting of Crew Chiefs to discuss Operations. 3. Drew rations at Saverne. 4. Sent 2 1/2 ton GMC cargo truck to Bn. Motor Pool for new clutch. 5. T/5 Leonard H. Knecht was sent to Hqs. to go to USA on Emergency Furlough. 20 A. Military. 1. 2 1/2 ton GMC cargo truck developed knock - took it to 141st Ordance at Sarrebourg. Inserts were installed in No. 2 connecting rod bearing with advise to bring truck in for new engine at firstopportunity. 2. Alerted-Must be ready to move on two hour notice. 3. Received Orders to move at 0800 hrs. 21 January 1945. B. Food. Breakfast French Toast. Dinner Salmon Patties. Supper Fresh Beef. 21 A. Military. 1. Weather clear. 2. Orders recinded to move. 3. Packed 2 1/2 ton truck with items not in use. B. Food. Breakfast Pancakes. Dinner Sauerkraut and Sausage. Supper Beef Steak. 22 A. Military. 1. Weather - light snow. 2. Orders received to move station to Steinburg, France, but not set up for Operation until further Orders. 3. Billets for Men of this Unit were found in private homes in Steinbutg not far from the Operational Site. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Dinner- K Rations, Supper-Spam 2. Amusement - None. 23 A. Military. 1. Weather - snow. 2. Awaiting Orders weather to set up for Operations or to move again. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Dinner-Vienna Sausage, Supper-Steak. 24 A. Military. 1. Weather - Overcast. 2. Orders to set up Radar and Operate at this location received today. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfasr- Fresh Eggs, Dinner-Spam, Supper-Swiss Steak. 2. Enlisted men out Playing Cards for there are no other forms of Amusement. 25 A. Military. 1. Weather - clear. Phone line from Radar to Orderly Room completed today. 2. Captain Feit visited the Unit today and gave shots for Thyphoid, Typhus, and Tetanus shots. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Fresh Eggs, Dinner-Spam, Supper-Fried Chicken. 2. Overseas chevrons issued today to all personnel. 26 A. Military. 1. Weather - light snow. 2. GMC 2 1/2 ton cargo truck was sent to 141st Ordance at Saverne for installation of a new motor. B. Daily life 1. Meals. Breakfast-Frenh Toast, Dinner-Toasted Cheese Sandwiches, Supper- Fried Chicken. 2. PX Rations given out today. 3. T/5 Alexander T. La Salle reported to Forward Ops #1 for a Physical examination. 27 A. Military. 1. Weather - snow. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Dinner-Vienna Sausage , Supper-Stew. 28 A. Military. 1. Weather clear. 2. Received Orders today to furnish two extra copies of our P.E. Charts and a complete History of INDIANA Unit. B. Daily life. 1. Breakfast- Fresh Eggs and Bacon. Dinner- Hot or Cold Spam, Vegetables, Fruit, Coffee. Supper-Fresh Beef, Vegetables, Fruit, Coffee. 2. Rumors of a Movie in Town tonight proved to be false and again Card Games was the evenings entertainment for the Men off duty. 29 A. Military. 1. Cloudy-Weather clear at 1700 hours 2. Captain Erickson of Forward Ops #1 visited station at 1430 hours after having dinner at camp site. 3. History of INDIANA finished today. Received Orders only yesterday to compile and have History in to Wing Radar Office by 25 January 1945. B. Daily life of Unit. 1. Rations were finally drawn this afternoon after leaving early this morning and stalling on the road due to ice in the Gas Line. 2. Rumors of a Movie in Town tonight turned out to be false. A game of "Hearts" was played by those off duty. 30 A. Military. 1. Partly cloudy - snowing at 1700 hours. 2. No air Activity. B. Daily life. 1. Weapons Carrier stalled again today while on the way back from the water point. Same cause as yesterday. Water in Gas froze in Gas Line during the night. 2. Movie tonight near FLORIDA-"When Irish Eyes are Smiling." 3. Meals. Breakfast-French Toast, Sugar Syrup, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. Dinner Vienna Sausage, Tomatoes, Green Beans, Fruit, Coffee, Bread, Milk, Sugar. Supper-Pork and Gravy, Dehydtated Mashed Potatoes, Lima Beans, Fruit, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. 31 A. Military. 1. Light snow but temperature rising-snow thawing. 2. GMC 2 1/2 ton carge truck was brought back from Ordance where a new engine had been installed, front wheels packed, and a universal sleeve had been put on winch. 3. While cleaning M-18 during maintenance period today T/5 Earl G. Hinz injured left hand in the fan and was taken to Saverne for treatment. He was evacuated from there to 117th Evac. Hospital at Sarrebourg. 1st Sgt. Doerge was notified of Hinz' injury and whereabouts by telephone. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Syrup, Cereal, Coffee, Milk, and Sugar. Lunch-Spam, Cheese, Pinapple, Bread, Coffee, Milk and Sugar. Supper-Macaroni and Cheese, Peas, Succottash, Choc. Pudding, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. 2. Two flat tires occupied the time of a few Men this PM. 3. Card Games again amused the Men off duty tonight.War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. TEXAS Detachment Dec 31,'44-Jan 28,45 Prepared by T/Sgt William M. Tucker, Jr. DECEMBER 31 Today marks the end of a very successful year, although the last few months have been Non-Operational for this Unit, We are still attached to HQ. for rations and quarters. The EM Club held their third weekly dance tonight and most of the EM of this Unit attended. JANUARY 1 Sgt. McNeil Maintenance Man and asst. Team Chief starts the New Year off right with a promotion to the Grade of Staff/Sergeant. Still attached to Hq. for rations and quarters. 2 No unusual occurances, still attached to Hq. for rations and quarters. 3 " " " " " " 4 " " " " " " 5 " " " " " " 6 " " " " " " 7 " " " " " " 8 " " " " " " 9 " " " " " " 10 " " " " " " 11 Left HQ. at 0900 to take over and secure the "Cite University" where later the Battalion will move, Our duty was to maintain a twenty-four guard so no one would move any of the furnishings out of the building until such a time when a regular guard would be established, arrived and took over same at 1100 hours. 12 No change, pulling guard and every other little detail that comes along. 13 No change. 14 No change still securing the Cite University. 15 No change still securing the Cite University. 16 Hq. Reptg. and LW Reptg. Co's moved in today, Still pulling guard duty. 17 Pvt. McMahon was relieved from NEW YORK and assigned to TEXAS as Radar Operator, still pulling guard and now messing at the Consolidated Mess. 18 T/4 Esposito and T/5 Strohl was sent to Marseille with Lt. Johnson on Official Business, still pulling guard duty for the University. 19 Pfc. Buttler and Pvt. McKee were placed on Temporary Duty with the Bn. Motor Pool, still pulling guard duty. 20 We were relieved from permenant guard today. 21 Men went to town (Nancy) on pass, No change. 22 No change, received Orders to move to Rosieres the following day. 23 T/4 Charo, T/5 Denig were attached to TEXAS as Radio Operators, also Cpl. Huntington, and Pvt. Hill as Radar Operators. T/Sgt. Tucker was relieved as Crew Chief by S/Sgt. McNeill. Started move to Rosieres at 1400 hrs. We had to make two runs, because of lack of Transportation. Arrived at 1745 hrs. 24 Set up Radar in Area of Rosieres. Set not Operational because of broken PPI tube. T/5 Mioduszewski was relieved from OHIO and attached to TEXAS. Pulling twenty-four guard on Radar Set. 25 Radar Operational, Operating during the day, and instructing the Men on the new grid system. Also fixing the Radio Trailer and Radar Van overhauling the two and a half ton truck. Getting everything ready for field Operations. Operating Radar, and pulling guard, no change... 26 Operating Radar, and pulling guard, Men went to dance given by 593rd Bn. 28 Cpl. Mioduszewski went to hospital, but was sent back, feeling pretty bad, on account of headache...Operating and pulling guard. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment January 1945 Prepared by David C. Purcell, T/4 1 Cold and several inches of snow. Fan belt on the M-18 Generator broke and we are off the air until it is replaced. Sent the M-18 to Ordance since a 500 hour check was already due. Received a Paratrooper Alert from the Ops. at 22:00. Had a big New Years Dinner and general Celebration. 2 Still off the air. Received Orders at 02:00 to move back to our old site at Lure. Both ARIZONA and WYOMING began to pack up immediately and our first two trucks were back at Lure before sunrise. Pitching tents was difficult due to the intense cold. The ground was frozen solid and it was very hard to drive our tent stakes. It was necessary to move the #584 with the antenna up since the M-18 Generator was in Ordance and there was no Power available to lower the antenna. The Van was moved very slowly and with great care to avoid catching overhanging trees and wires. 3 Still off the air for the M-18 from Ordance who, in turn, had gotten it from the French. 4 Went on the air at 17:30. In spite of the care with which we moved the #584 Van, with the antenna up, the Van did suffer a little damage. It was necessary to reset the sprockets and make a few other adjustments before we were ready to go on the air. 5 Had a little trouble this morning with our communications with the VIRGINIA switchboard and, for a few minutes. Lost contact with both VIRGINIA and NEW JERSEY. Maj. Long called on us today but his business was with WYOMING. 6 From 12:41 to 12:52 we heard noises that seemed to indicate that the Lure-Vesoul road was being strafed but were unable to verify this. We were told by the VIRGINIA Controller that some French planes were practicing in that Area. Maj. Long spent last night with us and this morning continued the investigation of WYOMING's accidents. 7 Has some snow today. A very large flight passed over our camp tonight. It seemed to be a large Allied raid moving toward South Germany from about 19:00 until about 24:00. It has become necessary to keep our water trailer in the Kitchen tent. Recently it has been freezing up every night and almost every day. 8 This morning at about 09:00 ARIZONA was picking up considerable number of tracks but VIRGINIA refused them and explained that they were busy handling their own tracks. This has happened before and it is rather hard on the Morale of the ARIZONA Operators as they would like to feel that all the plots they pick up will be used. 9 Several yellow and white flares were seen to the North-West of camp. We think it was the work of French civilians who were shooting them off just to see the fireworks. 10 Had some of the coldest weather yet. It was two below Zero at 23:00. Lt. Turner inspected the Unit today. Our PX Supplies came in today and included a little American Beer. 11 Several Men visited Lure and got Hair Cuts. There is also a Public Bath House in Lure and Hot Showers are available. 12 Got permision to go off the air from 08:00 until 13:00 and then got permission to remain off until 17:00. Mechanics wanted to give the Receiver a good going over. Found trouble and the Set came back on the air with normal signals. 13 Brakes jammed on our 2 1/2 ton truck but were temporarily fixed by the driver. The truck will probably have to go back to Ordance to be repaired properly. Our drivers have to do a considerable amount of work on both the 21/2 ton truck and the Personnel Carrier to keep them operating. 14 Got a load of firewood. Burning local wood saves the long trip that would be necessary to get our G.I. coal. 22 Started working with Capt. Hewlett as Controller. The Operators are in high spirits as they like Controlling. Our Personnel Carrier returned from Ordance. 23 ARIZONA Controlled several missions today, one of which was very successful. It scored direct hits on a bridge and rail cut. The Ops notified us that we did a good job. 24 Went off the Air at 17:00 in order to send the Generator M-18 to Ordance. There has been very little traffic today due to the snow, and cloudy weather. 25 Off the Air all day because the M-18 is in Ordance. It has continued to snow today. 26 Went back on the air at 08:00. It continues to snow and there is very little Air Traffic. It is also getting very difficult to move our trucks in and out of camp because of the snow drifts. Lt. Turner sent Pajaczkowski to the Hospital this morning, with possible Appendicitis but the Hospital sent him back tonight. The Medical Officer has requisted copies of our Yellow Fever Immunization records and there has been a tremendous amount of speculation over the possibility of our going to the Far East. 27 Operations have been rather slow today because of weather. As a result of the continuous snow, there has been very litle Air Traffic either yesterday or today. 28 There has been more snow today and Operations are practically at a stand still. Our Operators would like to see some more action Controlling. 29 There has been considerable Activity in the Air today following the bad weather of the past few days. This morning we offered to aid a flight bombing the rail yard at Mulheim but the offer was refused. 30 Operations have been rather slow. Observed some Air Bursts to the North- East at 01:35. 31 Fan belt on the M-18 Generator was about to wear through so we got permission to shut down tonight. As we did not have an extra fan belt, it was thought best to save the generator in case of an emergency. s/ Gerald Merblum GERALD MERBLUM 2nd Lt. Sig C Commanding War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING Detachment January 1945 Prepared by Lt. O.D. Satterfield DECEMBER 1944 31 The last day of the year was a very busy one. Our living quarters were worked on to make them more comfortable. Final plans were also made for a little New Years party. Lt. Crowley, our acting C.O. visited us today and stayed over night. He joined in making our Celebration a success. JANUARY 1945 1 Much work has made our living quarters fairly comfortable. 2 Received Orders at 0200 to move back to old location. This proved to be quite an ordeal with one 2 1/2 ton truck on the wrecked list. 3 Most of the day was devoted to putting camp in condition. 4 We are not in Operation at the present time. Expect to be re-sited soon. 5 Received more snow today. Weather is also a little colder. Major Long came to Unit to investigate accident which occured to 2 1/2 ton cargo truck. 6 Truck arrived back from Bn. Hq. after a trip to secure supplies. 7 Had more snowfall last night and this morning. 8 Tried to get coal at Vesoul. Wood is getting very hard to get in this sector. 9 Lt. Satterfield attended regular weekly meeting of Officers at FSO #2. Again this proved to be a dry run as there was nothing to discuss. 10 We are winterizing our Operating Van to make it more comfortable during this cold weather. 11 Lt. Kern, Inspecting Officer for 64th Fighter Wing, visited Unit today. 12 Finished work on Van today. Three Men went to see Lt. Turner, Medical Officer at FSO #2 for minor physical ailments. 13 Each day the Men are finding new methods of winterizing tents to make living more comfortable. 14 Sun came out very bright today melting part of the snow. It was much warmer than it had been for several days. 15 Three Men from Unit had to have a Physical Examination at Medical Section of Forward Sector Ops #2. Nothing serious was wrong. 16 Lt. Satterfield attended the regular weekly meeting at Forward Sector Ops #2. 17 We are still winterizing our living quarters. Today one tent had a very good door made. Other tents plan to follow their idea soon. 18 Capt. Guthrie, our Commanding Officer, visited Unit today. 19 Received an Order today to move to new location near Altkirch early tomorrow morning. 20 Moved to site near Altkirch today. Roads were very slippery. Snow kept falling practically all day making it quite a task to pitch our camp. 21 We reported on the Air at 0430 yesterday afternoon. Today was spent putting our new camp into shape. 22 The heat in our tents gave us something else to worry about besides the snow. After two days the mud was ankle deep. Some of the tents tried a corderoy floor which put the occupants out of the mud, however it lead to some falls too. 23 We secured some culled tile from a nearby factory and rebuilt all the tent floors. 24 Chaplain Hornbuckle held Services for ARIZONA and WYOMING Unit today. This was our first visit from a Chaplain since coming to France. 25 Returned a Hq. P/C in exchange for our P/C which had been overhauled and repaired after a wreck on Jan. 3. 26 Received our 2 week PX ration today. 27 Lt. Kern, representing 64th Fighter Wing, inspected our Unit today. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO DetachmentJanuary 1945 Prepared by Aeael. G. Taylor, Jr. DECEMBER 1944 31 Sixth Corps reports P-47's being used by the Germans. This statement verifies our Identification of yesterdays planes. Another bombing about one mile NW and encore of yesterday's strafing. Planes in Power Dives, Guns Chattering, & Hearts Thumping -- from the three incidents into one picture & you have a Birdeyes view of what life is like here. Monthly statement -- We assisted in approximately 75 Missions. Of this estimated number only one was a `Breadbasket'. JANUARY 1945 1 Early morning bombing (0800) hours over the Soultz vicinity. No information was received concerning this occurance. After last night's Celebrating, the Men go to Hagenau for another keg of beer. The beer will help in keeping the Morale at yesterdays midnight peak. In the early afternoon, we were unofficially informed that Activities in our Sector wasn't meeting with our expections. Late Xmas Eve we received Orders to report by radio to `Baby' but the frequency, which Lt. Virili was given, could only contact us with one of Hitler's Radio technicians. Lt. Taylor & Radio Crew Chief, T/3 Wayne De Selms, motored over to FSO #1 for the correct frequency this afternoon. During their absence, information was received by T/Sgt. Celli that this Detachment was to stand by ready to move to Dettwiller in an hour after the Order was given. Immediate steps for prepardness was taken by packing all foot lockers & other miscellaneous items. Lt. Taylor returned for the next message, received through `ALABAMA' Unit, instructing us to report to Ord. & pick our motor trailer up. The Ord. outfit was evacuating. The trailer was left in Hagenau for necessary work in getting the Pierce Governor attached to the Jeep. The third and final message came over the phone in a calm voice informing us to break camp & report to our Bn, Hq. The Men worked fast but cautiously & it wasn't long before our Unit was on its moonlight convoy to Saverne. Where we were to join up with MICHIGAN Unit. We arrived at Saverne at 0230 & proceeded to 12 TAC where we were welcomed by Brig. Gen. Saville. The General asked us the name of our organization & made a few other friendly remarks & departed. Tired & exhausted the Men, one by one slowly fell off to sleep on the wooden floor of the room. 2 The men fed their tired bodies K's & warmed it with a good cup of G.I. coffee. Coffee was never so delicious as this morning for this still sleepy outfit. Although sleep still reflected in their faces. All the Men had the presence of mind because no one complimented the tateful flavor of the `K' package. At 0900 we began to trek to Bn. Hq, without the MICHIGAN Unit. Arriving at our destination, we were instructed to our Bivouac Area & found the MICHIGAN outfit all set up. Lt. Virili explained to T/Sgt. Calli he disobeyed his own Orders because he, for some reason or other, thought we had proceeded right on through Saverne. We of OHIO, respect our working partner, but can't help feeling that the retreat jitters. Camp set up & after chow. Lt. Crawley called the Platoon over and counted out the Mens' monthly stipend. A perfect way to welcome the Front Line Men of the Bn. 3 Most of the activities of the Unit was confined to Motor Maintenance. 4 For the first time in two months this Unit was in a position to send a number of Men on Pass. Men were taken to Nancy in the morning and picked up at 1800 hrs. 5 More work was continued on the vehicles. Nothing of value for entry in the War Diary occured this date. One exception a number of Men attended the Theater which as showing `National Barn Dance'. 6 Work continues on Motors and Radar. Small percentage of Men were permitted to go on Pass to Nancy. Few Men attended the Enlisted Men's Dance. 7 Report remains the same as yesterday. 8 Nothing worthy of comment. 9 Activities remain the same. Work still continues on the vehicles. Radar is set to go. 10 Routines of the last four days interrupted by having the Men attend a lecture at the EM Club orentation talk proved very interesting to the Men. 11 Major Ross pays site a visit & compliments the Kitchen. Another trip for the Men was made to Nancy. 12 Aside for vehicle repairs no change. 13 A few work detail but nothing of comment. 14 Same routine of previous day. 15 No change in routine. 16 Lt. Taylor receives notification that this Unit will depart for new site tomorrow. Preliminary packing is done early in the evening. Late report 2200 hrs. concerning our move indefinate. We will not depart early in the morning as at first anticipated. Lt. Taylor will receive more information in the morning. 17 At 1000 hrs. Lt. Taylor returns to our Bivouac to inform us that we will break camp & proceed to 6th Corps without delay. After Dinner the vehicles assumed their convoy order & started for Dettweiller. Arrived in time for chow with 6th Corps & also to learn our Operational Site will be the same place as it was the first time we Operated here. Housing accomodations is found by the Det. Commander in Gotteshim. Kitchen set up & necessary bedding removed from trucks. After a good cup of steaming coffee, all the Men turned in for the night with the exceptin of the guards. 18 A `Chow Call' of the cook vibrated through the house & the Men, ratered reluctantly, emerge from their G.I. bed rolls & don their cold uniforms. Radar truck taken to Operational site & erected for the go signal. 2000 hrs. & as yet 6th Corps isn't ready for us. Bivouac arrangement requires a good days work &, now that day is done, the Men all near their stoves discussing everything from politics to when the War with the Japs will end. 19 6th Corps puts in the line to Elite but we are still waiting Orders to go on the Air. Motor trailer taken to Ord. for necessary work in getting the PE 75 governor working properly. Most of the day called for details around the Bivouac Area. 20 At 0930 hrs. information is received to go on the Air & practically at the same time we were passing out plots to `Baby'. Motor trailer repairs is being held up temporary by one pulley. Message received to be ready for move in the morning but late evening this plan was changed. Latest news--no move in the morning & probably nothing in the afternoon. Right now it looks as though we are safe in assuming that nothing will occur tomorrow. Just before noon a large flight of Heavy Bombers passed overhead going to Germany on a Bombing Raid. About an hour later T/5 Watson, James J., who was acting as Ground Observer guard observed a crippled B-17 limping in from the North East. It circled the Radar once and smoke was observed trailing from two engines. As it passed overhead the second time the third engine seemed to cut out. On the second circle five Men were observed dropping from the Bomb-Bay, only four parachutes opened the plane circling off toward the South East crashed several miles away. Later it was found out that the Bomber had made the run from England. 21 Cargo truck sent to Ord. to check on Motor Trailer & have special built platform built over top of cab. Truly a neat looking job & one should solve our loading problems. Early this morning Word was received from 6th Corps to our move has been temporary put off. Rumors are that we will go to Sarreburg for consolitation. Another Fort is spotted by te G.O. (Pvt. Richard W. Piper) orbiting under a strain. Two motors completely out. Baby was immediately informed that the Fort circled in our vicinty & made a forced landing in the valley West of our site. Picture through the binoculars showed no apparent damage done & everything seemed under control by the nonchalant actions of the Soldiers surrounding the plane. Our plots have aided `Baby' immeasurably & to back this vainglorious statement we received a special message from Capt. Erickson praising our work. 22 The Men are all awaken at 0600 hours & start rolling their bed rolls & folding their cots. At 0700 hrs the Operating Crew informs `Baby' that we are closing down. Lt. Taylor goes in to 6th Corps for more information on our move & returns to camp to pass on the information which doesn't add up to much. Lt. Taylor & T/Sgt. Celli go over the problems of the day & then Lt. Taylor departs for Saverne. Our loading procedure is slightly altered due to the fact that P/C's broken fan belt drive. Two Men to guard the few items left behind were selected & the OHIO convoy got under way with the Radar truck towing the P/C. In Saverne, where we were to meet Lt. Taylor, we encountered the INDIANA Unit & the tales of this combination were quite startling. Lt. Taylor directs us to our new site which is only a stones throw from Saverne. Our new home is truly beautiful & located in a residental section that is by far the prettiest we have seen overseas. Radar ready to Operate but we don't expect to go on the Air until morning. 23 Had the cargo truck tow the P/C to Sarreburg for fan shaft repair. Necessary repair completed at 14:00 hrs. Officially on the Air at 12:00 hrs. with Klite. Approximately an hour later enemy flight was observed in the Hagenan vicinity. Lt. Taylor was in the 6th Corps Air Ops at the time & related that our plots started the ball rolling at this office. Air Ops relayed the warning but for reasons beyond our control nothing was done & soon notification was received that a Bombing took place a few miles South of Hagenani. Later information received revealed that Jet Planes were employed in this attack. Front Line Operators were surprised in having us pick this enemy flight & questioned 6th Corps Air Ops as to the type of Radar that was responsible for information on this flight. In the evening Lt. Taylor had a meeting with the Men & explained our present set up & reason for moving back from our last site. 24 Received a message to come in to Bn. Hq. for PX rations & also have T/5 Miodussewski report back & luggage. From all indications, we will Operate short handed. The Men returned early in the morning with mail & packages. This was the first mail received in weeks. Movie in town tonight. 25 Jerry truck body removed from one of their abandoned vehicles and we are now making arrangements to have it installed on our cargo truck. Baby informs us that this Unit is responsible for 50 per cent of all plots received by them. This record dates back from the very first day we began working with them. 26 Only news of importance is the arrival of our working partner, MICHIGAN. This Unit obtained a home for the MICHIGAN Men & has a ready meal awaiting them. Work is starting to get the Heating System of our home in working order, 27 No change in our set-up except we do have our heating system overculating. Meeting tonight at 21:00 hrs. on Wing Policy & a number of other things. G.O. guard reports shells falling in the ares of the Van. 28 Last Sunday in the first month of the New Year & the snow continues to fall unabated. Formal inspection of living quarters & personnel today. Our CO. was the Inspecting Officer & it is commendable that he found things in a neat orderly manner Pvt. Richard W. Piper had evidence to conform with his story of last nights shelling (22:00--23:00). His evidence was a large piece of shrapnel which landed very close. This piece of fragmentation tore its way through the camouflage net & dug into the ground near the Van. It is fortunate that the angle of flight wasn't a foot lower, otherwise the piece of jagged iron would have entered the Van in the precise position of the Operator. Investigation of this shrapnel & reports for Elite give every reason to believe the shell was fired by a 15" gun---380 mm job. According to Pvt. Richard W. Piper this was an Air Burst &, if their target is our site, it certainly looks as though we will be reporting more on the matter. 29 No shelling for today by the big gun. Meeting in the evening hours concerning Wing Policy & Machine gun. This sums up activities for the day. 30 Lt. Taylor & T/5 William J. Hobelmann go to Hq. on official business. Nothing else to comment about. 31 Meeting of the Men in the afternoon concerning important facts during inspection by the Wing. During the discussion, Lt. Moran makes his entrance & registers a surprise look when `Attention' is called. He actually turned to see if some High Ranking Officer was on his tail. Two features reeled off by Lt. Moran & Crew but first our Maintenance Men had to trace the projection machine for a short. Linda Darnell in `Sweet & Lowdown' is a Morale builder for any fellow, whether he is in Service or not. As much as can be said for Lana Turner in `Marriage is a Private Affair' & maybe a little bit more. HEADQUARTERS 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army AG 314.7 15 February 1945 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov), APO 374 US Army. (Attention: Historical Section) 1: Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion for the period 1 January to 31 January 1945: a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: None. c. Strength : 60 Officers; 5 Warrant Officers ; 958 Enlisted Men. d. Present Station: Nancy, France (WU-850120) since 16 January 1945. e. Movements: (1) From Rosiers Aux Salines, France to Nancy, France on the 16th of January 1945. (2) The move was made by motor convoy. Travel involved in change from one station to another was approximately 11 miles over good roads in fair but cold weather. f. Campaign: German - still in progress. g. Operations: No Change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No Change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Awards received during period: None. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 January to 31 January 1945: For the Commanding Officer: /Edwin E. Buckner EWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt. Signal Corps Adjutant War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Battalion. Rosiers Aux Salines, January 1945 France Weather clear and cold. We've seen the end of the last year, and now the New Year begins with the Morale as a whole high, and the hope that this year will mean Victory. Today, New Years Day, we had a huge Supper of Turkey which was a feast fit for Royality and in keeping with any tradition. In the afternoon the picture "Moonlight Over Vemont" was shown at the Enlisted Men's Club. We seemed to have quite a number of Women and Children guests his afternoon. Some of the Units that have been operating very near the lines are coming in to Headquarters in the event of another German Push which would cost the organization the loss of a geat deal of valuable equipment if a Unit was captured, not to mention of what informential value to the enemy the capture of a Unit would be. 2 Tue Weather Forward Ops #2 MICHIGAN Unit arrived at Headquarters only early this morning, having left Hagenheim very late last night after being alerted when Word was received that the Germans had captured a town not far from the Unit and were reported to be pushing North. At approximately 2000 CALIFORNIA Unit also came into Headquarters, personnel all tired and hungary---All had been on the road since 0100 hours. Men were fed and then arrangements were made for them to sleep at the EM Club this night. OKLAHOMA Unit having moved their present location just a couple days ago are getting set up for Operations. They are to work in conjunction with MAINE Unit in Dive Bomber Control. ARIZONA and WYOMING were ordered today to their old site in Lure, France today. INDIANA Unit moved to a new location, WQ-2139, today. The Germans have begun their expected assault against the 7th Army front with concentration on the Bitche Area. A couple of Bomb Flights were directed over this area today by KANSAS Unit. 3 Wed Weather cold with slight snowfall. Captain Eldon E. Evans, sick in Hospital, was relieved from assignment to LW Reporting Company "A" and was assigned to Battalion Headquarters and Plotting Company. Captain Guy R. Guthrie was relieved from assignment to Reporting Company "D" and was assigned to LW Radar Reporting Company "A", assuming Command of Company thereof. Captain Guthrie was also appointed Battalion S-2; vice Captain Evans, relieved. For the past few nights we haved missed the regular nightly visit by "Bedcheck Charlie", lone German raider who has been, almost nightly paying us a nuisance visit, and has strafed and dropped small bombs nearby. Perhaps the nights are getting too dark! 4 Thu Weather cold with snow in the evening. MICHIGAN Unit today moved to Pont St. Vincent to pick up a new 584 set. Units report that upon occasion they pick up P-47's, piloted by Germans, who Bomb and Strafe American movements. A movie projector, Radio and Recordings with Player have been obtained thru Special Service.---We can now have movies without depending upon other organizations for their equipment. The 64th Fightering Wing had been sending their equipment and operator once a week to show a film here. 5 Fri Weather cold and clear. Operations normal. We were visited today by a representive from Radar Magizine who took pictures of NEW YORK Unit which is at present at Headquarters. MICHIGAN Unit at Pont St. Vincent today was visited by an Army Technical War Photographer who took pictures of the Unit which has received a new set and is at present engaged in maintenance in preparation for becoming Operational in the field. Report received from IOWA Unit attributes the capture of three Jerries, single-handed and with clipless Carbine, to T/4 Sullivan. The Prisoners were placed in care of a couple of Frenchmen until they could be delivered to M.P.s. One Frenchman upon examining the Sergeant's Carbine afterwards was shocked to discover that it hadn't been loaded.---Last report had the Sergeant undergoing shock treatments at the hands of his mates. 6 Sat Weather fair and cold. Operations are normal. MICHIGAN Unit is still working on their new set in preparation for Operation. We had a dance at the EM Club in the evening. All had a good time. Music was furnished by a French Orchestra. It seems that we'll be having one of these affairs here just about once a week. 7 Sun Weather clear and cold; wintry wind and snow flurries in the evening. MAINE Unit today moved to Shirmeck. The new location is good and the living quarters, in this cold weather, are fair. Our greatest nuisance here as well as for Units in the field is the great difficulty in trying to keep water trailers from freezing in this weather. We had the picture, "Bride by Mistake", at the Enlisted Men's Club this evening. 8 Mon Awoke to find several inches of snow on the ground this morning; the day is cold -- for a short period the sun shone in the morning, and there was a heavy snowfall all afternoon. Operations normal. A considerable amount of mail arrived this afternoon, but consisted chiefly of packages -- Christmas Packages evidently have not all arrived yet. 9 Tue Weather cold, and after yesterday's snowfall there is quite bit of snow on the ground. A rumor has sprung up to the effect that we are to move into Nancy within a few days. MAINE Unit moved today to a new location near Mutzig. The new location has all the appearence of being an excellent site. OKLAHOMA Unit also moved today. 10 Wed Cold with a heavy mist in the morning. Cigarettes have been obtained by the P.X. and will go on sale tomorrow. At the Enlisted Men's Club this afternoon we heard a Lieutenant Colonel, Air Liaison Officer, Infantry, of the 3rd Army give the real lowdown on the recent happenings, and conditions on the fronts. Plans for new drives in the near future and why they couldn't be begun very soon were explained. Everyone left the lecture greatly enlightened. The picture, "San Diego I Love You", was seen this evening at the Enlisted Men's Club. 11 Thu Weather very cold. Operations normal. The rumor in regard to our next move is no longer in that embryonic stage; that we will move within the next few days is now a certainy. The buildings, school dormitories for quarters and other buildings for the administrative set-up, have been selected in Nancy and are being made ready for occupation. We are again visited by the Red Cross today. The Girls with their doughnuts and their sparkling personalities were here at Supper time dispensing both, freely. 12 Fri Weather clear and somewhat warmer. Normal Operations. ALABAMA Unit which is at present in Headquarters was instructed to be ready to leave for a new site where it is to Operate with the XXI Corps. Guards have been sent over to the new Area; inventories are being taken, and within the next few days we should be able to move. The picture. "Hi Good Looking", was shown in the evening, with added G.I. and other Shorts. 13 Sat Weather cold and clear. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made this morning -- the report was very favorable. Normal Operations. MAINE Unit reports to have suffered a mishap--their antenna was bown off the Van and has to be salvaged. Early this morning ALABAMA Unit got under way; arriving in the afternoon in Morhange they were met by Lt. Cupples of INDIANA unit. The two Units will Operate on this site together. 14 Sun Weather clear and turning colder again. Personal have begun to be moved into the new quarters by sections. Operations are normal. OKLAHOMA Unit reports that they have been engaged in Directing Bombers to their targets on several occasions. Lt. Robbie D. Barnes, Platoon Commander of CAIFORNIA Unit, left for England in connection with duties for the interests of his Unit. 15 Mon Weather clear and cold. Units are reporting that Activity at the present is light,---obviously due to the present bad weather conditions. Today marks the first aniversity of the origin of this organization, or rather the origin of the present designation. Exactly one year ago today, having operated as a provisional set-up prior to that, we were designated as the 582nd Signal Aicraft Warning Battalion. 16 Tue Weather is cold; snow flurries during the day. Expect to be moving tomorow. In the evening the picture "Rainbow Island" was shown at the EM Club. 17 Wed Weather continued cold; snow flurries at midday. Began packing of Battalion Headquarters in the morning, and moved to Nancy at 1300 hours. OHIO Unit moved to Dettewiller with the VI Corps; INDIANA Unit also moved again today. 18 Thu Weather cold and cloudy. Normal Operations. INDIANA Unit moved from Morhange to set up Operations in Mommenheim. Headquarters and Personnel are busy getting set up in work and quarters. Battalion Headquarters is located on the third floor of the Administration Building with the Headquarters and Administrative Operational set-ups of the Wing and the 593rd in the same building Our quarters are in the dormitory of the City University of Nancy, in a Residental section just on the outskirts of the City. Rooms are large enough for two occupants, and are steam heated. but our wing of the building is still cold --- due to the fact that it has been all frozen, heat will have to be introduced gradually to prevent damage. The 593rd Sgnal AW. Bn., 328th Fighter Control Squadron, and the 82nd Fighter Control Squadron are located in the same building; the Mess here, as well as the problem of Security will be consolidated. Major Long, Battalion Executie Officer, is in charge of the Security and the billets, and 2nd Lt. Osterberg with S/Sgt. George are placed in charge of the Mess. Officers of all organizations are billeted and Mess at the Excelsior Hotel in Nancy. 19 Fri Weather slightly warmer; snow has begun to melt and it's slushy and wet. Normal Operations. NEW YORK Unit moved from Rosieres to Morhange and is to work with ALABAMA Unit. The Ground Observer Company still remains at Rosieres. T/5 Knecht left the organizaion and is started for his Emergency Rotation to the States. 20 Sat Weather colder aain -- There is new-fallen snow; heavy snowfall all afternoon. Normal Operations. WYOMING Unit today moved to a location near Altkirch, and Operations were set up immediately. INDIANA Unit was also alerted for a move this morning. A crippled B-17 was seen circling over OHIO Unit's Area; five Men bailed out, and one chute seemed to fail -- didn't open. 21 Sun Weather cold -- skies overcast, and snowfall has continued today. The snow has reached a depth of about six inches. Normal Operations. 22 Mon Weather fair; slightly warmer -- a little snowfall in the afternoon. INDIANA Unit was moved to Steinburg, Fronce, but were instructed not to set up for Operations until further Orders should be received. OHIO Unit again made a move, to a location near Saverne. P.X. Supplies, a greater variety than usual, were sold today. Redecorating and painting of equipment has been taking place in our new office during the past few days. 23 Tue Weather fair -- slight snowfall in the afternoon. Normal Operations. KANSAS Unit's new set has arrived from England and is undergoing a few minor alterations. Movie at Wing Theater -- "When Strangers Marry". 24 Wed Weather fair. Normal Operations. INDIANA has set-up Operations today. Word has gotten around that Communications Zone Troops are to be converted, after a period of training into Infantry. Articles on the subject have appeared in the "Stars and Stripes." Apparently it is more fact han rumor. Accordingly conversations and sessions among the Men, usually about Women and the vaious phases of the War are now giving way to speculations on the possibility of each one's being transferred to the Infantry. All are reconing points in or against their favor. -- Happiest seem to be those who feel that they are safe. 25 Thu Weather misty and much colder. Normal Operations. NEW YORK Unit today moved from Morhange to Ste. Marie Aux Mines. Arriving there too late to do so today they will set up Operations tomorrow. ALABAMA Unit today received instructions to move with XXI Corps to Schirmeck, but further instructions afterwards informed the Unit that they might move at will whenever they were ready. Lt. De Voto started his convoy in the afternoon. 26 Fri Weather slightly warmer. --- Slight snowfall in the afternoon. MICHIGAN Unit has moved from Pont St. Vincent to Saverne for Operation with the 6th Corps. Early this morning ALABAMA arrived in Schirmeck only to find that the XXI Corps has gone on to St. Marie. After a short rest the Unit continued on to St. Die where upon arrival there they set to getting settled. Today Men began to get their Physical Examination for possible transfer into the Infantry. Captain Hillenbrand is giving the examinations. 27 Sat Snow, and more snow! It has been snowing again thruout the day. Weather is slightly warmer though. KANSAS Unit came in to Rosieres today to pick up their new set; they will do some experimental work with it after which they will go into the field again. A movie, Pin-up Girl," was shown this evening by the Wing Special Service in the Administration Building. 28 Sun Weather cold, and snow flurries thruout the day. Operations continued normal. Mail is still a problem; it continues still to very irregular. Possibly this can be attributed on the most part to lack of shipping space and to bad weather. With the advent of better weather perhaps mail will become more regular, in the meantime we will have to be content with what there is. Morale on the whole is very good. Our food has been excellent. 29 Mon Weather fair & somewhat warmer. Normal Operations. In the evening the film "Lady Let's Dance" was seen in the Wing Theater. 30 Tue Weather cloudy and colder. --- Snow in the afternoon. Our Special Service has arranged for a Beaufughter Pilot to speak on his experiences tomorrow evening. 31 Wed Weather warmer, but cloudy. Snow is melting which causes streets to be covered with slush. Operations normal. Organization was paid today-- -Commanding Officers will leave with payroolls tomorrow to pay personnel on Units. The Beaufighter Pilot's talk about his experiences proved very interesting this evening. At Supper today we had the pleasure of a visit from the Red Cross Girls who brought doughnuts, plus conversation to add sparkle to our G.I. meal. Thus the month ends with the Morale as a whole very good. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn. INDIANA Detachment 1 Feb - 18 FEB 1945 1 A. Military. 1. Cloudy-continued thaw. 2. Personnel Carrier taken to Ordance for new rings. 3. Lt. Cupples visited T/5 Hinz at Hospital and obtained details of accident for accident report. 4. Functional Charts prepared today. 5. Captain Guthrie, 1st. Sgt. Doerge, and T/5 Ziegler visited the Unit today with Pay for personnel. B. Daily life. 1. Rations drawn today for a three day period. 2. Meals. Breakfast-French Toast, Syrup, Oatmeal, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. Lunch Corned Beef, Tomatoes, Spinach, Fruit, Bread, Coffee, Milk and Sugar. Supper Pork and Gravy, Potatoes, Corn, Peas, Fruit, Bread, Cocoa. 2 A. Military. 1. Weather clear-snow thawing. 2. Injury report on T/5 Hinz completed. 3. Monthly technical maintenance report completed. 4. Received Message for T/5 Alexander T. La Salle to report to Hq. tomorrow for transfer to Infantry. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Syrup, Cereal, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. Lunch Vienna Sausage, Spam, Cheese, Green Beans, Tomatoes, Fruit, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. Supper-Canned Chicken, Spanish Rice, Spinach, Cherry Pie, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. 2. Scattered small bore shells landed around Van. Believed to come from Infantry Training grounds. 3 A. Military. 1. Raining - weather clear at 1900 hours. 2. FLORIDA Controlled Beaufighter-Travel 34 - lost attempting to land at base. Pilot and Observer reported killed. 3. T/5 Alexander T. La Sale sent to Bn. Hq. today. B. Daily life. 1. Water trailer thawed and cleaned out and pipes and faucets removed and cleaned. 2. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Apricot Jam, Cereal, Coffee, Milk and Sugar. Lunch-Hot Spam, Cheese, Tomatoes, Lima Beans, Milk. Coffee, Sugar. Supper Spagetti W/Sauce, Peas, Spinach, Fruit, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. 3. Card games in evening by Men off duty. 4. A. Military. 1. Weather slightly cloudy. B. Daily life. 1. Meals. Breakfast-Pancakes, Syrup, Cereal, Milk, Sugar, Coffee. Lunch Vienna Sausage, Cheese, Tomatoes, Cold Salmon, Fruit, Bread, Coffee, Milk, Sugar. Dinner-Canned Turkey, Peas, Spinach, Fruit, Cocoa, Bread and Butter. 2. Rations drawn for three day period. 3. Card games again substituted for a Movie for the organization which had been showing them moved today. 5 Pfc Robert Miller was chosen for a 48 hour pass to Paris so he was taken to Hq. At Nancy this morning in the P/C which returned with PX rations and Cpl. Williard Johnson who is to replace T/5 Knecht on this Unit FLORIDA Unit ran a movie at their Bivouac Area tonight which was attended by most of the Men if this Unit who had the evening free. 6 Patching a 4 ton tire and tidying up the store-room and cleaning up the vehicles kept the Detail Crew fairly busy today. Otherwise, it was a quiet day. 7 The water trailer was thawed out today by pouring Hot Water on to it and also chipping the ice out. Only the winter section could be completely de-iced, but luckily we had a warm night and the ice remaining in the end section thawed overnight. Another movie at FLORIDA Unit was the evenings entertainment for those of us off duty. 8 The water trailer, thawed out yesterday, was found to contain flakes of paint which had pulled loose from the inside walls of the tank. It was throughy cleaned and drained. The pipes and faucets were removed and cleaned. When the tank was refilled, a chemical to prevent rust was put in the bottom of the tank. New spark plugs were installed in the M-18 Power Unit. 9 Pfc Robert Miller, back from Paris, called for transportation to the Unit. After finding that a truck could not be spared, he rode with a truck coming to Forward Ops No. 1, where he was picked up by our Personnel Carrier. FLORIDA obtained film today but their Power Unit is in Ordance so we loaned them our PE-75 for the movie. 10 Rations and gasoline were drawn today for a three day period. In between showers we managed to move the Orderly Room without getting things wet. Since Capt. Feit suggested that it be removed from the same room with the Kitchen, it is now located in an attic store-room in which we are billeted. 11 New piston rings were instaled in the PE-75. Rain again kept most of us inside except those on duty and those who went to Church here in town. An Acetylene Torch was borrowed from the Man who owns the house in which we are living and a broken seat bracket in the 2 1/2 ton cargo truck was welded. 12 It was learned today that T/5 Earl G. Hinz has been evacuated to a Hospital in Paris. His address has been given to L.W. Rept. Co. by this Unit. 13 The P/C was sent to Nancy to turn in reports, pick up PX rations, and salvage Radio Tubes at Tech. Supply at RRMU. This Unit was visited today by Capt. Bixby and Lt. Virili during the experiment with hanging Window by Mortar fire. INDIANA recorded data on all eight shells fired and a report was submitted to Radar Office, 64th Fighter Wing. 14 For some time now since the thaw, we have not been able to get vehicles from the road to our Van. Now, even the road cannot be used without going around through Saverne. Since the Men must walk to and from the Radar site, the Crew on duty at noon take their lunch with them each morning in order to keep chow from being held up so long at noon while being relieved. Fuel for the Power Unit is being carried to the site by hand. 15 Two flat tires were repaired on the P/C. Also the P/C was gassed, oiled, and checked over for trip to Nancy tomorrow. Gasoline cans were carried from the site to the road and gasoline drawn at Saverne. We were rewarded for our work at evening Mess tonight with Chocolate Cake, baked by T/5 Skurecki, our cook, who was in an epecially good mood this afternoon with nobody in his way in the Kitchen. 16 Lt. Cupples left early this morning for Nancy; from there he is to leave for Paris on a 48 hour leave. A Bulldozer was borrowed from the Engineers working on the road to pull our 2 1/2 ton truck containing gasoline across the field to the Unit. 17 A heavy fog hung in the Area most of the day. T/5 Norris R. McCrary, who is acting Motor Mechanic during the absence of T/5 Hinz, adjusted the breaks on the 2 1/2 ton truck. Water was drawn today and a Chemical to prevent rust was put in the tank. 18 Empty gasoline cans were carried from the Unit to the road and gasoline drawn at Saverne. A Bulldozer was again borrowed to haul it to the Unit. A flat on both the four and two and one half ton trucks were patched by the Detail Crew. A movie was shown at FLORIDA Unit tonight had been seen by most of the Men before so only two of the Men of this Unit attended. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. VERMONT DetachmentJan 28- Feb 24, 1945 JANUARY 28 Snowing and cold. Most of the Men attended Church Services here in town. We held another dance today. It turned out being a bigger success than our last affair. Much fun was had by all. 29 Slightly cloudy and cold. Our Radar set today helped direct a crippled P-47 who was hit over the "Bitche" Area to safe territory. He was seen landing about 4 miles from here. 30 Cloudy and very cold. Pvt. Soto our cook went to Hdq.'s today for his Infantry Physical. He failed because of High Blood Pressure. Lt. Moran our "Special Service Officer" paid us a visit today. He brought a movie projector with him. He showed us two films. All the Men greatly appreciated his effort's for the Boys hadn't seen a movie in months. The idea of showing films to the Units is a great Morale builder. Lt. Moran and his party stayed overnight. 31 Warmer and rain today, Pfc. Hafley our Ass't cook went to Hdq.'s today went for his Physical for the Infantry call. He passed the Physical. FEBRUARY 1 Warmer and rain. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Dorge visited us today. They brought the Payroll with them. We are now taking a Sulfadiazine Prophalaxis against Upper Respiratory diseases. 2 Light rain fall. Heavy Air Activity today. Our Fighter Bombers were out all day. 3 Rain and warmer. Major Estes the 593rd Bn. Surgeon paid us a visit today for Physical and Sanitation Inspections. It was VERMONT Unit's first acquaintance with the Major. 4 Rain and cold today. Church Services were attended by most of the Men of the Unit. A very dull and quiet day. 5 Cloudy today. Lt. Loreto left for Hdq.'s this morning. T/5 Henderson accompanied him. Henderson has been ailing from some ailment for quite some time. Lt. Loreto returned at Supper time. Henderson was admitted to 2nd General Hospital. 6 Cloudy and warmer. 2 Flying Fortresses crashed about a half mile away. The planes collided in the air above the clouds, and came down in flames and pieces. 10 Men of the 2 crews were killed. One plane was on its first mission and was brand new. The planes were coming back from their missions. Only some of the Men were able to parachute to safety. One Man was unfortunate to have his parachute aflame on his way to the ground, he was killed. KANSAS Unit returned today with their new set. 7 Light rain and cloudy. A few of the Men went to view the plane crash. The fire stopped early this morning. The G.R. Men were busy assembling the bodies. 8 Slightly cloudy and mild. Small Mail Call today. Fighter Bombers were out today but were operating at other Corps Fronts. 9 Slightly cloudy and warm. The Radar was busy all day. Our Fighter Bombers were up till 6 P.M. Gen. Barcus was buzzing our Radar set and site with his plane today. 10 Slightly cloudy and light rain. Our Radar was busy throughout the day. Lt. Moran visited us today to stop in for chow. He was on his way to Saverne. 11 Cloudy and rain. Mr. Moran came out today with the Pay Book. 12 Cloudy and drizzly. Lt. Loreto left this morning for Hdq.'s in Nancy. He also paid T/5 Henderson a visit who is in the 2nd General Hospital. The Lt. returned at 5 P.M. with Mail and P.X. rations, also with the report that Henderson is getting along fine. 13 Cloudy today. Air Office of 15th Corps reports many Juicy Targets for our Fighter Bombers. The weather was bad but our planes were up in strength. Our Radar was very busy today. Claims were that the Marshaling Yards of the enemy were left burning fiercely. - 518 - 14 A very beautiful day today.. Very clear and warm. The most beautiful day we have seen in months. Our planes were very busy till Sundown. VERMONT Unit played volley-ball today. Our first opportunity to get some Athletic Activity in months. After Supper VERMONT played KANSAS Unit in a practice game. VERMONT won both games. 15 Very clear and warm. A very nice day. Lt. Kern, Wing Inspecting Officer visited us this morning. Chaplain Treese our Bn. Chaplain paid us a visit today. He gave us a Lecture on "Sex, Morality". Major Estes 593rd Bn. Surgeon also paid us a visit today. He made one of his periodical checks on Sanitation. The Boys enjoyed a few games of volleyball tonight. Our Radar was very busy today. 16 Clear and warm. Our Radar was very busy today. Volley-ball was played by the Boys. 17 Cloudy and light rain. Sgt. Jurick went to Hdq.'s today. He returned with Sgt. Hainer who did some welding on our Radar antenna. 8 KANSAS Men left for Hdq.'s today to begin their trip to England to study their new set. Two of our Men are working with KANSAS temporarily to help off set this drastic cut in Unit strength. We had a small Mail Call today. 18 Cloudy and light rain. Sgt. Jurick took Sgt. Hainer back to Nancy today. The road to Nancy is in very poor shape. 19 Slightly cloudy and warm. Our Radar was very busy today. KANSAS had a test flight this afternoon. Volley- ball was played after Supper. 20 Cloudy and light rainfall. No news of any importance today. 21 Cloudy and light rainfall today. Everything running smoothly. No news of importance. 22 Clear and warm. A very nice day. Our Air Force was out in full strength today. Our Radar was very busy. 23 Clear and warm. A very beautiful day. Sgt. Jurick went to Nancy today. He took with him T/5 Batt who is going on a 7 day furlough to the United Kingdom. Hundreds of Heavy Bombers as well as our Fighter Bombers were out in great strength. Perfect flying weather today. The R.A.F. was out in great strength tonight. The night was clear and bright and the large planes could be seen easily. They were flying quite low. They flew in no formation but were scattered all over the sky. The Sanitation Inspector of the Wing accompanied by Major Ready inspected our Unit today. Mail Call today. 24 Coudy and light rain today. Everything normal and nothing new to report. War Diary, 582rd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA DetachmentFebruary 1945 Prepared by David C. Purcell, T/4 1 Ordered on the Air at 15:46 to assist the French. ARIZONA had the set in Operation only 19 minutes after receiving the Order. We were ready to assist the French flight over Hartheim but our assistance was not needed as the French Controller did the work. Salluzzo and McCray returned to Headquarters. Baldwin returned from the Hospital. 2 Had a very good day and passed more plots than usual. Today we are Operating with the M-18 Generator formerly used by KANSAS Unit. We were interested to notice that this Generator has been run only 1,500 hours whereas our own M-18 has been run 5,000 hours. T/5 Cambre and Pfc. Stewart were sent to the Hospital this morning so ARIZONA is more short handed than usual. 3 Received a long list of orders for Operations today but the weather put a stop to practically all Air Traffic. 4 Visited by Capt. Guthrie, 1st Sgt. Doerge and driver. Both ARIZONA and WYOMING Units were payed. Our 2 1/2 ton truck broke a wheel while on the ration run and did not return today. Our rations were delivered by a Gas truck and an Italian driver. 5 Due to cloudy weather there has been almost no Activity in the Air today. Capt. Guthrie spent last night with the Unit and is still with us today. T/5 Cambre returned from the Hospital tonight. 6 ARIZONA gave information to Ops #2 to assist in handling a French flight. Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge left this morning. Nearly everyone expects to move up due to the French advance in this Sector. 7 Bakersmith and Baldwin went to Nancy to return the extra Generator (M-18). The mud is getting to be terrific at this location. Tonight we were directed to send to the Ops and pick up Lt. Mweblum. In turn we sent a Personnel Carrier, a 2 1/2 ton truck and a 4 ton truck. All three stuck before they could get to the highway. They were finally pulled out with a winch. 8 We had a fairly good day and passed more plots than on any day for the past week. 9 The mud is as bad as ever. We generaly have to winch our trucks from the camp to the highway. 10 S/Sgt. Baldwin and T/4 Bakersmith returned from the Battalion Headquarters and brought Pvt. Vigotsky with them. Vigotsky had been in the Hospital since last November. 11 The Unit was inspected by Maj. Ready, Wing Air Inspector, and also by a Sanitation Inspector. 12 Had a little trouble with the Slip Rings on the Antenna. Received some new brushes from R.R.M.U. and after they were installed the set still did not work properly. The Mechanics worked on it all night. 13 The set is still off the Air this morning but we went on the Air at 13:20. Lt. Merblum tried to get us a house in Carspach but there was none available. We could have gotten our old house but in its present condition it is not fit to live in. Some Arab troops have lived there since we left and they seem to have slept in the Latrines and used the Kitchen for a Latrine. 14 Had a very good day in Operations and passed a large number of plots. Mr. Moran called and we signed the Payroll. The Payroll indicated that many of the Men in ARIZONA will complete three years of Service during this month so will begin to draw longevity. 15 Today we were inspected by Capt. Hildebrand, our new Medical Officer, Lt. Fields also visited the Unit. It was necessary to re-level the Van because it had settled in the mud. 16 Had another good day and passed a large number of plots. Helped VIRGINIA Control a Night Fighter. 17 We hope that the good weather will dry up the mud in camp but so far it has not. It is still necessary to use the winch to move our trucks. 18 ARIZONA assisted VIRGINIA to direct a flight to "Eggbasket". 19 Plotted several Hostiles tonight. Gave VIRGINIA Unit some more assistance. - 522 - 20 Capt. Hewlett was transferred to DELAWARE today. We understand that he will Control a Beaufighter there and that he will go after some of the Hostiles that have been coming over every night recently. 21 Inspected today by Lt. R.W. Kern of the 64th F. W. Our tent area has dried off fairly well but the road in to our camp is about as bad as ever. It is almost impossible to move a truck in or out without using the winch. 22 Gave some assistance to a Night Fighter. Pilot got a visual on a Jenkel 111 but overshot. 23 Lt. Carline visited the Unit. Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, is staying with ARIZONA while showing a movie at the Theater in Town. Lt. Parks also visited us today. 24 There has been much Activity in the Air recently and for the past several days we have been passing an unusual number of plots. Capt. Sheftel and Officers from the Ops came out to play a couple of ball games with ARIZONA and WYOMING. The Officers lost. Lt. Moran showed his movies for the second day. Four French Radar Officers visited our Unit and discussed their Operations troubles. They are having much trouble with their PE-173, and have burnt up three of them recently . They are operating 602's with 28 Man teams. Two of their teams work together, each team going on the Air when the other goes off. Each team stays on the Air for only eight hours at a time. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment February 1945 Prepared by S. L. Hasey, P.F.C. 1 The weather has suddenly turned warm. The snow is beginning to disappear and we now have thick mud to slide around in instead of ice. A lot of vehicles, including "Ducks" and Armor have been moving through town. 2 The Sun came out today for a change and hastened the thawing procedure which is now in progress. The canal through town has risen to quite a height. We expect that our set will be coming out from R.R.M.U. tomorrow. 3 This morning the rest of our Men moved in to Rosieres with the new Radar. It is now set up in a field about a mile outside of Town for a little expermental work. This evening most of the fellows went to a dance which was held by "DAKOTA" Unit. Music was supplied by a two piece Orchestra composed of an Accordian and a Trumpet. Most of the dances were the bouncing type of Gymnastics which the French seem to go for in a great way, but which prove to be too strenous for the majority of the G.I.'s. 4 Today was spent in doing a bit of experimenting with the new set. It has several new additions such as an Automatic Plotting Table. Bomb Sight, etc. When we get back out in the field we shall be Controlling Precision Bombing done by B-26s as well as Thunderbolts. This will involve a good deal of computation which is being taught to the Men now. 5 Received Orders to move back out to Mittersheim tomorrow. This afternoon we got the set ready to go and packed up most of the personal equipment. It is still quite warm and very wet. 6 Had quite a bit of trouble getting the Radar and the Power Plant out of the mud. It necessitated a good bit of winching and pulling before we got them out on the road and ready to roll. Left Rosieres about 11 A.M. and arrived at Mittersheim around 2:30. Moved right back into the same houses which we left a week ago. Had to put the Radar in a slightly different spot as the old position is just a sea of mud. Coming back here seemed almost like coming home. 7 The rest of the Men whom we left at Rosieres yesterday arrived this morning. Things are pretty well settled and almost back to normal again. 8 Capt. Bixby and Lt. Castle, from Headquarters; Capt. McMillan, an Air Corps Bombardier and Mr. Harris, a Civilian technician from Radio Laboratories have come out to spend a few days with us. They expect to make some final checks on the Radar and will probally conduct one or two experimental flights to try out the Plotting Table and Bomb Sight. 9 A few flights were up today which we tracked but it was merely practice work for us as we did no Controlling. The set is a bit more precise than the old one and the Operators have found that it will take a little time to get used to the controls. Basically, though, it handles the same as the other one. 10 Fifteenth Corps has had its code namd changed from "Adkin" to "Pelican" which makes us "Pelican Junior". And, since getting the new set our station number has been changed to 7590. The warm weather continues and we still have the thick, oozing mud on the ground everywhere. 11 The planes flying along our Section of the Front have been concentrating, for the most part, on trains and lines of communications. Snatches of the Pilots' conversations, which we hear over the radio, are very, very interesting. One Squadron working on trains this afternoon became quite disgusted when they had to leave the target area with one Locomotive still running. 2 This afternoon we attempted a Test Flight, Directing a B-26 to a specific target and by using the Bombsight, to give the Order to release the bombs. Two separate planes were to be so Controlled. However, due to some mix-up, they switched their call signs and neglected to inform us as to the change. As a result, we were tracking one plane on the Radar and talking to the other one on the radio. Then when we finally did get a plane over the target, his V.H.F. failed and we were unable to contact each other. So, although our set was operating very well, the Test could hardly be called a success. Later in the afternon, "Starry" one of the Squadrons which we Control from time to time, was unable to fix its positiom. Apparently their first thought was of us for they called "Pelican Junior" on R.T. asking if we would tell them where they were. We located them with no difficulty at all and passed the information along to them. From time to time this type Radar proves to be a big aid to Pilots in pin-pointing their position. 13 Today was one of the lovliest days we have seen in some time. Clear skies and a very warm, bright Sun. There was a great upsurge in the number of cameras being carried about. Almost everyone was out walking and snapping pictures. It seemed more like a day in May than one in February. 14 Another very nice day with many sorties being carried out by our Air Forces. Again there were concentrations on trains and factories just behind the Front Lines. Because the weather was so clear they could see their targets perfectly and didn't need our assistance at all. So, we remained merely on a stand-by status. 15 A French Ack Ack outfit has just moved into town and are quartered in some of the houses around here. Most of them are from Algeria and there a few Arabian troops among them. They aren't doing anything here, though, except sitting around and polishing up their 40mm guns. When we first moved into Mittersheim we were about the only Soldiers around town but now there qite a number, both American and French. 16 There were many flights up over the Saarbrucken Area this afternoon. Planes could see their targets but we were busy passing plots and trying to keep the different flights separate. Worked until after six this evening as the Air Force are wringing the last bit of use out of these daylight hours. 17 Today several of our Men left for England where they are to take a course in Controlling and Bombing by use of Radar. They included: Sgt. Polacek, Sgt. Hodell, Cpl. Schuessler, Pfc. Comstock, Pfc. Bogumil, T/5 Leach, T/5 Hunt, and T/5 Sternstein. Lt. Miller, our Controller, has also gone with them. They'll probably be gone for two or three weeks. Lt. Bishop will be our temporary Controller. 18 Today we set up our 188 Radio, so we now have H.F. as well as V.H.F. for communication. It will be used for contact with Medium Bombers but probably only in case of an emergency if the V.H.F. should fail. 19 This afternoon we Controlled another B-26 on a Test Flight. It worked out much more satisfactorily than the first one but there is still a slight margin of error which has to be straightened out. 20 A number of Heavy Bombers passed overhead tonight. Flying in a South-Easterly direction. There was a full Moon and it was a very pretty sight as the planes fley across in front of it. Another of those occasions that made us very glad that they were playing on our side. 21 More Heavies were overhead tonight. We happened to have the Radar on at the time and just after they passed over we picked up "Window" on the scope, directly overhead at a height of about 5000 yards. 22 The weather has been just a bit cooler the last few days and most of the mud has disappeared. The ground is fairly hard again and vehicles can move a little more easily. We still hear a good deal of Artillery fire but it seems to be moving farther into the distance. 23 This morning the French troops here had a formal inspection in the field beside our Radar. Their four 40mm guns, mounted on Half Tracks, were drawn up in a square and the Men formed in ranks around a flagpole. They were inspected by an Officer and then a few Citations were given out. There was quite a mixture of uniforms, however, some were wearing Field Jackets and others wearing Blouses. Seen this way, the French Army is far from being impressive looking Military Organization. 24 Some of us watched a rather interesting Operation this afternoon. The Canal which runs through town had one of its perodical drainings. A dozen or so Men stood between two of the locks and caught fishby the thousands as they came flowing down with the rushing water. They used nets, pails and even bare hands to pull them in; everything from little minnows to good sized carp weighing up to 20 pounds. So now, the Native Population will probably live on fish food for a while. 25 Another clear day, with the Unit remaining on a stand-by basis. A good many Aircraft were over the target Area, and we could hear their conversations over the V.H.F. all day long. It's very interesting pastime listing to the remarks passed by Pilots as they fly over enemy Installations on Bombing and Strafing Missions. P-47s must really carry some fire power now. After dropping two Wing Bombs. one Belly Bomb and Strafing with 50 cal. Machine Guns, the Squadron Leader says, "Now We'll Go Down and Fire our Rockets. 26 A number of Heavy Bombers were overhead this afternoon; Both Fortresses and Liberators. Fying quite high, they left the usual trails of white vapor all across the sky. About five o'clock this afternoon a flight was lost in the Saarbrucken Area and we were called upon to locate it and get it started on its course back to the base. 27 This evening we made the mistake of challenging VERMONT to a game of volleyball. It was a mistake because they have been playing every night and are in pretty good trim, while we haven't played since last fall. Consequently, it was a blow to the reputation we have acquired of having a crack volleyball team. 28 Captain Guthrie and Sergeant Doerge were out tonight with the Payroll. So, we shall be starting the new month with an amount of money in our pockets and, unless we send some home or run into a streak of bad luck in a pinochle game, we shall end up the month with the same amount. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachment 28 Jan '45 - 24 Feb '45 Prepared by T/4 Konradt  JANUARY 28 Packed up part of our equipment and supplies. Lt. Toske took most of the Men with him to the new location. The rest were left behind to guard the supplies not taken. Due to the very heavy showfall we were afraid to load too much equipment on our trucks. Our new location is at WV 805940. After much difficulty the Radar Van was snaked up to the location. 29 The balance of the equipment was hauled to the new location. Gassman and Dorsey worked on the Radar and still at the end of the day we were not Operational. 30 Radar was Operational. Weber took Shannon and Griffith to Headquarters for Medical attention. 31 First warm weather of the year. Result, the roads were covered with water instead of ice and snow. FEBRUARY 1 A very dull day. 2 Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge visited our Unit. Capt. Guthrie paid us. Lt. Moran brought a projector and showed two full length features tonite. He said he would try to visit us twice a month with movies. 3 Weather continued to be warm today but this evening it again got cold. The Unit has had no fresh meat for over a week. Rations are poor. We are still standing-by on the Radar. 4 Some time ago we turned in our Camouflage net for salvage. To date we haven't received a new one so we have had to use trees and branches to break the outlines of the Van. In the morning we policed the Area and checked over our equipment looking for "Junk" which we have no use for. 5 Went to Ordance to check on the four ton to see if the parts necessary for its completion had been found yet. As yet the parts have not been found so we will have to do without it for a while longer. The weather continues to stay warm but we are not sure if it is just a lull or if Spring is about toarrive. Cpl. Boggs returned to camp after taking Pfc. Griffith to the Hospital for unknown reasons or causes. Nothing more has been heard of Pvt. Graves. He has Tuberculosis and will be sent home. 6 Received Orders from Hdqs. to turn in our Compass and pick up a Transit. S/Sgt. Weber went in for the exchange. He will probably get back sometime tomorrow as it is a long way to Nancy from the site. This Transit will be put to good use as we have been doing pur own siting of late and have had to orient by Compass alone. The weather is still warm and we are still wondering if it is a break in Winter. We had fresh meat and butter today the first time for ten days. 7 S/Sgt. Weber returned from Hdqs. without a Transit. There was a misunderstanding in the message. We first had to turn in the Compass. We also received news that the first Men from the Battalion went to the Infantry yesterday.We had a large Mail Call receiving letters that had been due for some time. Much of our Mail has been missent to the 582 Sig. Depot Co. which is the reason for delay. 8 A Radio Air to Ground set Operated by the RAF was erected close to our Unit. It is muddy and their Vans are bulky and several times they almost skidded into our Van. After cutting roads on all sides of our Van the field is really a mess. 9 Maj. Lomax of the 82nd F.C.S. inspected our quarters today and then inspected the VHF Vans. Lt. Toske sent a truck to Molsheim with Men who wished to take showers. One was located in a French Hospital. 10 Lt. McLaughlin from Corps Hdqs. came out to visit the Unit. After policing the Area several dsys ago the RAF Men threw trash all around the buildings and the place looked like a Pig Sty once more. So we got four German P.W.s from a nearby P.O.W. Stockade and had them dig Garbage Pits and generally police the Area. T/5 Shannon was taken to the Hospital for an Eye Operation. 11 We had a light snowfall during the night but today the weather was warm and with an intermittent rainfall throughout the day. The snow did not last. Pvts. Wile and Dunaway, our cook and cook's helper, today received deserving promotions to Pfc. We had fresh Pork Chops for Supper tonight and our cooks as usual made an excellent preparation of the meal. 12 Warrant Officer J.G. Morgan came today with the Payroll book which we all signed. We may soon begin Air Warning Operations in addition to our present Dive Bomber Control duties. Nothing definate has been decided but preparations are being made for such duties in the near future. 13 Lt. Kern of 64th Ftr. Wing Hdqs. inspected our living quarters and Radar Van and site and gave us an Okay. This afternoon we started Air Warning Operation along with other duties. Henseforth we will be on the Air continuously from dawn to dusk but will search only when instructed to do so. Lt. Hyman and his Maintenance Men from R.R.M.U. cane our today and installed a new Servo Generator in our Radar Van. They will also take our broken jack back for repair. 14 We drew PX rations today but the usual beer was very conspicuous by its absence. T/5 Frank Shannon returned to the Unit today. He had gone to the Hospital for an Eye Operation but found the Hospital overcrowded and was told to come back in the near future. Capt. Feit came out today and inspected our quarters and found them satisfactory. He also gave us a Physical Exmination and shots to all the Men that neeed them. Lt. Friedlander also visited the Unit today. Four German Prisoners were brought over from the nearby PW Stockade to police up the Area. 15 Major Ready and Capt. P.W. Vogel, Inspecting Officers from the 64th FW, inspected the quarters and Unit site today and gave us an Excellent mark on all conditions. They said that our Unit was the best they had inspected thus far. T/4 Julius Konradt today went to the Hospital in Saverne for a Physical Checkup. S/Sgt. Leonard Weber left for Headquarters in Nancy - He has a Pass to Paris. 16 Lt. Friedlander again visited us today. Overnight our premature spell of Spring weather ended when the temperature dropped to just below freezing. 17 Lt. Withers, our Controller, left today to work with the MICHIGAN Unit for a few days. He is filling the gap there caused by a change of Controllers and will return to us when MICHIGAN's new Controller arrives. Our touch of Spring returned today. 18 T/5 Ray Miller went to the Hospital in Saverne this morning for an examination and stayed there when the Doctors found him ailing. Weather continued chilly and misty. Supper was tops again-Steak with Apple Pie for dessert. 19 There has been a rumor yesterday that we would change locations today. But that was all called off. We had a small Mail Call today. Heavy fog all day and the weather was crisp. 20 Just another day even the weather isn't worth mentioning. 21 S/Sgt. Weber returned from his trip to Paris and reported having a good time despite the difficulties arising from inflation. Had a small Mail Call also. Still no news about our Boys in the Hospital. 22 Very dull today. We heard unofficially that Griffith may be sent home and Konradt would be returned to the Unit in a few days. No word about Miller the last of our Hospital cases. 23 Beautiful Spring weather today. Some of the Boys went to the French Hospital in Mutzig for showers. This afternoon we watched some Jerry Fighters Bombing and Strafing down in the Valley East of us. 24 We found out today that Miller is in the 103rd Evac. Hospital in Saverne and has some sort of Skin Rash. He will be back to the Unit shortly. The weather is still crisp and we are still awaiting Orders to move to a new site. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MAINE Detachment Jan 28, 1945 - 17 Feb 1945 Prepared by R.J. McHugh JANUARY 28 Moved to new site 15 Km. West of Strassburg into a section of the Maginot Line. Radar truck threw a rod on the way up and had to be towed into Area. Moved into a large room in a French barracks and a throughy cold night was spent by all. OKLAHOMA's Van and wrecker were stuck for three hours making it impossible to put station on the Air. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Deorge left after spending the night. It snowed again. 29 Made quarters as livable as possible and set up Kitchen. Took Radars into position tho' heavy snow caused delays and neither Unit went on the Air. Called Bn. Motor Pool and told them about the Radar truck. Our cooks received their examinations but were not told anything definate. 30 MAINE is shinning. Stood by all day long but did not go to work. Scope looks very bad with almost 180 degrees solid P.E.s. A few of the Men tramped down the Mountainside to Mutzig and seemed to like the town quite well with the exception, of course, of the climb back up. Our barracks-like living quarters are almost comfortable now and everyone seems settled once more. Chow continues to be quite good tho' we haven't had any fresh meat for the past week. 31 Stood by all day but had no call from Corps. Carried on normal camp routine. Most of the Men have been exploring these Maginot Line Defenses we've read so much about. FEBRUARY 1 Had our first real Mail Call since Christmas and of course everyone is in a good humor. The warm temperature of the past few days has continued and there is very little snow left about to remind us of Winter. Traffic is still negligible. 2 Payday. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Deorge paid the Men this A.M. Lt. Moran also came with a Motion Picture Projector and two films so everyone spent a rather enjoyable evening. This is getting to be some Army-instead of your going to the Movies, the Movies come to you. Set became Un-operatinal this P.M. when the ceramic insulation in the Modulator Power Unit cable was broken. Looks like a replacement is necessary. 3 Called R.R.M.U. and told them of our cable troubles. Temperature is still well above freezing - Probably the calm before the storm. 4 Sunday again, we have spent a week in the Maginot Line now. Had another Mail Call today. The bottleneck seems to have been broken, and we seem to be setting some sort of regular delivery. Today we had the first fresh meat in ten days, it will be a welcome change from canned diet. The weather continued to be on the decent side, but there was nothing at all out of the ordinary, just the normal camp routine. 5 Normal camp routine. The only high spot of the day was the Chow-line - fresh eggs for Breakfast, and steak for Dinner. The weather turned off for the worse with a rain today. No unusual events at all. 6 A mesage was received instructing us to look out for a cable replacement either at Corps Air Office, or at OHIO Unit. The motor replacements are still on the pending list. Another small Mail Call today. After a rather dreary day, a light rain is falling tonight. The IFF connections were changed today so that the RC-192 may be used with the AN/TPS-3. 7 The Lt. and Pfc. Blevins returned today with the cable it is a makeshift correction. Replacement is being obtained. But the set can go back into Operation. Still another Mail Call today, and the meals were very good. 8 Station back on the Air, but still standing by. Everyone is getting very tired of the inaction, and hoping for an early move to a site where we can do some good. Overcast, and intermitant rains today. 9 Major Lomax, C.O. 82nd Ftr Cont. inspected station today. Weather was very changeable today. Rain, overcast, and sunshine all mixed up. Normal camp routine. 10 We had the camp policed by some German P.O.W.s today. Sgt. Konradt of OKLAHOMA was in charge of the detail. About 500 more were herded into the camp on the hill. They did not seem too sorry to be Prisoners, but they are a scruffy looking lot. Another Mail Call today. It is a pleasent habit, as is the habit of eating fresh eggs and meat that we are forming right now. It is easy, but rather dull. 11 Normal camp duties. There was a light fall of snow, and the heavy wind. The Radar Antenna stood the Gaff, but the IFF Antenna blew over, and broke the two Radiating Dipoles. Sent a truck to town to take those interested to Church. 12 Normal camp duties. Dismal most of the morning. W.O. Moran arrived this morning with the Pay-Roll, a bit early, but welcome. 13 Normal camp duties. Lt. Kern inspected camp and station today. Lt. Woodling went to R.R.M.U. to see about repairs for IFF, P.X. rations, and clothing shortages. Wrecker from Motor Pool came out and pulled Radar Van into Nancy for repair. Station torn down in record time. T/5 Cummings went into Nancy with truck to drive back, and to assist in the Repair Work. Lt. Woodling returned rather late in the evening with both P.X. and clothing. 14 Normal camp duties. Sent cargo truck along with work detail in charge of Sgt. Dunlap to help with the work. Requires a 6000 mile check, and work on the valves. Heavy Bombers were overhead for almost two hours early this morning (Dresden bound) on their way to help the Russians. Capt, Feit visited station today, and gave shots. Most arms are on the limpside now. 15 Lt. Woodling went to check on proposed site a few miles South. Maj. Ready, 64th Wing and Capt. Vogel, the new Sanitation Officer inspected station today. Weather was very fine today, and several cases of Spring fever are getting bad. 16 Normal camp duties. T/5 Cummings returned to camp with the Radar truck today, and the parts for the IFF Antenna. He had a little mail with him, but also the sad news that delivery was slow in Nancy. Weather and rations both were excellent. Lt. Friedander, G.O. C.O. Comdg. visited site. 17 Station on the Air this morning, but continued to stand by for call from Corps Hq. Normal camp duties. Lt. Withers, Controller with OKLAHOMA, was sent for a time to work with the stations with VI Corps. Weather still very fair. The mud is slowly drying up. 18 Tentative move was called off today. Had a swell meal tonight. Steak, Apple Pie, and all the fixings. Normal camp routine, and good weather. Still no activity as far as Tactical Situation is concerned. 19 Normal camp routine. Still no call from Corps. The weather continued fair. The snow is all gone, and the mud is drying up fast. Pfc. Weimert went in to the Clearing Station at Saverne to get his teeth worked on. 20 Normal camp routine. Weather conditions fair and warmer. Lt. Withers, Controller on OKLAHOMA, has gone to MICHIGAN Unit to sub for their Controller who has gone to school. Still no call for Operations. 21 Cargo truck returned today. Seems to be in excellent shape. Men brought back with news that the Bn. has started to send out Men on seven day leaves in England. Mail also came in today. 22 Normal camp duties, and as usual, no Operations. Painted the cabs of the trucks today. Result is pleasing. Some of the Men have obtained Jerry Dress Daggers from the French, and all are busy packing them for shipment home. Some of the Souvineers were gotten from the Civilians in Mutzig. The Germans really tried to get the Nazi Idealology implanted around here. Don't know just how successful they were either. 23 Normal camp routine. There was a bit of excitement around here today for a change. A F.W.-190 came in and strafed the town. But he in turn was chased by a couple of P-51s. When last seen the Jerry was very low, and trailing a black smoke streamer. 24 Normal camp routine. Lt. Withers returned, and Lt. Darzet, of the 593rd, visited the F.M. Station, and remained overnight. The weather was not so pleasent. Overcast, and chilly. We were alerted for a move on Monday. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING Detachment January-February 1945 Prepared by O.D. Satterfield, 2nd Lt. JANUARY 28 A slow day today as far as the number of plots picked up were concerned. 29 Today was our best day for picking up plots since arriving at this site. 30 Weather bad again for flying. Very few plots today. Several Men attended a Movie in Altkirch this afternoon. 31 We brought our Jeep Power Unit back from Ordance today. It was supposed to have had a motor replacement from a wrecked Jeep with 2000 miles on it. We found the motor to be in very bad shape. It needed a valve and carbon job evidently the motor had many more miles than the 2000 which was the figure give us by Ordance. FEBRUARY 1 Weather is getting warmer. Snow is beginning to melt. A little more Activity today than in the past two days. 2 Had quite a bit of Air Activity today. A lot of our snowfall has disappeared. 3 Most of the snow has melted. It looks as though it will be replaced by mud. 4 Capt. Guthrie, Commanding Officer of L.W. Rept. Co., paid Men today. 5 Our Unit was fortunate in having one of the Men drawn for a 48 hour Pass to Paris. Donald Mitchel, Pvt., was the lucky individual. Every one is all pepped up now, just waiting until the next drawing. It is a great boost in Morale. 6 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at Hq, Forward Sector Operations #2. 7 Several Men went to a Movie in Mulehouse today. 8 Sun came out good and bright for most of the day. It was a welcome sight as we are almost completely bogged down in the mud. 9 Our good weather did not last long. Today we had the usual French weather showers off and on all day. 10 All Men on the Unit were given French Passes to cover the French Army Sector. 11 Unit was inspected today by Major Ready, Wing Air Inspector, and Captain Vogal, Sanitation Corps. 12 Still very muddy. Our trucks are always stuck. We are having to carry most of our water and gas into camp from the road. 13 Lt. Satterfield attended an Officers meeting at Hq, Forward Sector Operations #2. 14 Mr. Moran visited Unit today to have Men sign the Payroll. Lt. Satterfield left for a 48 hour Pass in Paris. Weather cleared up today and the result was a lot of Air Activity. 15 Capt. Hilderbrand, Medical Officer of forward Sector Ops #2, visited Unit today. 16 Took P/C to Ordance in Mulehouse. 17 Weather good again today. Have had quite a few plots in the past two days. 18 Very cloudy and overcast today. Very little Air Activity. 19 Weather is somewhat better today. A little more Activity than in the past few days. 20 Several Men from the Unit went to a Movie in Mulhouse. Such activities are hard to find in this Section. 21 Lt. Kern, representing 64th Fighter Wing, made a Unit inspection. We received the usual complimentary remarks. 22 A very good day for flying. We received the most plots for any day since reaching this location. 23 Lt. Moran, Bn. Special Service Officer, brought two shows down today. They were "Destination Tokyo" and "Mr. Winkle Goes to War". Both were enjoyed and appreciated. This type of entertainment has been lacking all during our Operation with the French Army. Lts. Burns, Carline, and Parks made a visit from Forward Sector Ops #2. 24 Four French Officers came to the Unit today for information in regards to PE-173 Power Units. They are having trouble with bearings. So far they have burned up three of their eight motors. We played the Officers of Forward Sector Ops #2 three games of volleyball this evening. We were the Victors by easy margins. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN Detachment January-February 1945 Prepared by Wm. Eagle, Sgt. JANUARY 29 Saverne. Nothing much of interest to report today. Operations going well. We are now Operating 24 hours a day, and reporting into Forward Ops #1, as well as working with 6th Corps. The weather has been bad to Control any flights lately. 30 Saverne. Operations going well. Nothing new. Weather still bad for Controlling flights. 31 Saverne. Lt. Moran our Special Service Officer was out to the Unit tonight. He had a Double Feature to show us tonight in Movies. It was swell and the Boys certainly appreciate it. We will look forward to this type of entertainment. Forward Ops #1 reports that between the Unit OHIO and our Unit MICHIGAN, they receive half of the plots called into the Ops. That is the total plots called in by all the Combined Units. Its certainly good to hear this. FEBRUARY 1 Saverne. Had visitors up at the Unit today in the Commanding Officer of the 64th Fighter Wing. He was Colonel Jackson. Two Lieutenants were also with him. We explained the Operations of the set to them Capt. Guthrie our C.O. was out to pay the Men today. Sgt. Doerge was also here. 2 Saverne. Weather is still bad for Controlling flights. Making out Monthly Technical Reports today. Operations going well. 3 Saverne. Nothing to report today. 4 Saverne. Operations going well. Nothing to report of interest, except that some Q.M. Depot is setting up a Gas Dump about 100 yards from our Radar site. Too close for comfort. 5 Saverne. Last night Jerry sent over 2 shells. They were reported to be from Railroad Guns, and they were 280mm. One shell landed about 600 yards fom our Bivouac Area next to the Canal in Saverne and blew up a house, 2 G.I.'s were hurt but none killed. The other landed about a mile or two out of the Saverne Area. Operations going along well, but not too many targets because of the bad weather. 6 Saverne. No changes today. 7 Saverne. The Men of the Unit are learning how to Operate the Craig Bomb Computer. This Computer determines the distance a plane travels from the time he drops his Bomb to the point he should be at the time of impact of the Bomb on the target. Its also used for other purposes. It is to be used in conjunction with the other computers in determining time, distance, and other things that we are interested in for the type of work we are doing. 8 Saverne. Lt. Cupples out to visit Lt. Virili today. Operations going well. No other changes. 9 Saverne. Providing the weather improves soon, we will have a Bomb Run. No other changes today. 10 Saverne. Capt. Bixby, Mr. Harris, the Civilian technician, and a Capt. McMullin here today. They have a new plan in calculating times, and distance for Bomb Runs. We are to work along with the 42nd Bomb Group who fly Medium Bombers. It all sounds pretty good and should prove quite effective once the weather improves. 11 Saverne. Again we are to have a Bomb Run for the 42nd Bomb Group but it could have been the weather again. Capt. Bixby and Mr. Harris, and Capt. McMullin were as anxious as us to see it materialize and its results, but somehow it did not happen today. Mr. Harris working on the set, trying to improve a few things that aren't quite right. Otherwise Operations going well and we are getting our share of targets. Saverne-cloudy and rainy with very strong winds. Capt. Bixby and Civilian Tech. working on set. Supposed to have a Bomb Run for 42nd Bomb Grp.-Weather unsuitable. Sgt. Eagle and Pfc. Flint are to work on calculations for Bomb Run. 12 Saverne-cloudy and rainy - no change. 13 Saverne- slightly cloudy with a little Sun-tried experimenting with Window using Mortar Shells-INDIANA picked it up but we had no success. PX rations drawn. 14 Saverne-Spring day-had practice Bomb Run with Piper Cub and a 20lb Smoke Bomb. Missed target about 5/8 of a mile due to the weight of the Bomb. Capt. Bixby and Capt. McMullen left today. 15 Saverne-Sunny and bright-during the night German shells fell in and around the town. One hit about 75 yards from our Area. Moving camp to Dettwiller tomorrow. 16 Saverne-moved camp to Dettwiller. The 8 Boys going to school in England getting ready for the departure tomorrow. 17 Dettwiller- cloudy and dull - Boys and Capt. Howard left today for England. Lt. Withers, new Controller. Started Operations in new location. 18 Dettwiller-Dull and cloudy-Sanitary inspectors out today - Boys went to Movies. 19 Dettwiller-sunny and bright-plenty of Air Activity. 20 Dettwiller-Cloudy and dull - Chaplain out today, had Sex Morality lecture 21 Dettwiller-Sunny and bright - No changes to report. 22 Dettwiller- No changes to report. 23 Dettwiller-Nice spring day - Saverne still being shelled by Alsace Annie. 24 Dettwiller- cloudy and dull - have a new Controller Lt. Satt who just returned from Scotland where our Boys are going to school. War Diary 582nd, Signal AW Bn. IOWA Detachment February 1945 Prepared by Alfred H. Weikal, T/5 1 The old weather Man turned the tables on us today when the Sun shown brightly instead of letting us have snow and rain with both barrels. Capt. Merrill arrived this evening to Pay the Officers and Men - result bigger and better Crap Games for some of us. AHEM! Some of the Men attended the Movie "To Have and Have Not", starring Humphert Bogart. this evening and remarked that the acting was great but thr story lacked an interesting plot. 2 Pvt. Gray left unexpectly this evening for NEW JERSEY Platoon enroute to Bn. Hq. According to our previous "Bull Sessions" we thought it could have been something concerning the Infantry deal. The weather was perfect today, plenty of Sunshine and cool breezes. Ground-Hog Day and I presume we are in for eight more weeks of Winter because he saw his shadow and that isn't so good. According to the Home Town Newspapers the Ground Hog didn't bother to crawl out of his hole at all. 3 A dance was held this evening in Gendrey in honor of a Marriage that took place there. More Wine, Women and Song for the fellows that went. The Courier didn't show up today, however there is a rumor that Mail will be in tomorrow. S/Sgt. Hodelka and T/5th Weikal really got their share of Fresh Air and Exercise when they walked thirty-five Kilometers this evening. The hike took them seven and one-half hours to complete. One of their favorite expressions was "Oh, My Aching Feet"! and we aren't kidding. 4 Capt. Merrill left today for NEW JERSEY Platoon bag and baggage. Work has begun on the Day Room that was damaged recently by fire. Plans are being made to make it into another Day Room. For once the Courier didn't forget us today because he brought in many letters for everyone. Needless to say, we were all made happy which is a good start for the Month of February. 5 The weather is anything but pleasent today. I guess someone forgot to turn off the faucet up in the heavens from the looks of things. Swell weather for ducks----. 6 Mail came in today and our hopes are beginning to reach a new high of Mail coming in more regularily. What could be better under existing circumstances?? 7 Stars and Stripes came in today but no Mail, however the Courier gave us some promising news when he said a truck left for Nancy this morning for more mail. HIP!HIP! At long last T/5th Culigan, Pfc. Lester and Pvt. McMillian found an interesting village, Auxowne, where they claim has "Wine, Women and Song". I'll let you know more about the place next week. Come one, Come all and try your luck at growing an old fashioned Handle Bar Mustache that is equal to T/5th Kellys. Pvt. McGee "Maggie" or "Flibber" and Sgt. Liebeck "Bone Crusher" are trying to accept the challenge and grow one like Kelly's - but at present I'm afraid they'll have to use some hair grower to make them look at all like a Handle Bar Mustache. 8 Four of the Boys took advantage of the mild and Sunny weather today by starting off the sporting season pitching horseshoes. Mail came in abundance today. I believe that every individual received two or more letters. Pvt. Buzek, our NEBRASKA kid, hit the jack pot again with 50 letters received. Not bad Eh! Pvt. Addition came back from the Hospital looking his old self again. However, Pvt. Ragghianti is having ear trouble and if no decided improvement is noticed he may go to the Hospital. Lately if seems that going to the Hospital is Ragghianties second nature - Tough Break. As the Morning Report stands now no one is sick in the Hospital - Don't tell me the jinx has been broken?? We hope so.. 9 Mr. Smith had a nice day for traveling to Nancy. Clear roads and sunny weather were his gifts from Mother Nature for the trip. The weather was just the opposite from the last time he made the trip. The Boys are wishing that we could stay here at the Chateau, with its spacious grounds, for the Summer months (unless we had an opportunity to head for the United States). Reasons for wishing is, there is ample room for a swell baseball, volleyball and badmitten courts in the back of the Chateau. There is also several nice places where we could go swimming nearby. Oh Joy of Life!. 10 Everyone is getting enthused over the dance tomorrow night. Pants are being pressed, shoes being shined and the traditional "Saturday Night Baths" are quite common sights this evening. Mr. Smith arrived from Nancy late this evening, tired and longing for his bed. Sorry we haven't got a Beauty Rest Matress to offer you. But that'll come later when we are Civilians again--. 11 The dance went off with a bang this evening at 2000 hours and is still going strong up until now at 2359 hours. The Boys look pretty nifty this evening with clean shaves, hair plastered down and shoes with that never - to - be forgotten shine.. The Girls came all prettied up in their finery. From bits of conversation I picked up at the dance, a little Red Head "Suzie Gal" was one of the most attractive Women there. If this was a Fashion Magazine I would go further into details of her dress but---. Too bad thou that the School Teacher across the way wasn't here, for she has what it takes to be a ninty looking lass... 12 The dance is over, but not fogotten. Every one had a mighty good time and we all are looking forward to the next dance. We have another fellow who wants to apply for Membership in the the "Lonely Hearts" Club. His Girl back home has been Married to a Civilian - tough luck fellow --. I beleive up todate there about five fellows who have lost their Heart Throb to some lucky Civilian. That isn't good! 13 Mother Nature really made the day nice for us. She flooded our Section of the Woods with plenty of Sunshine and Warm Breezes. Nothing could have been better. The Sunshine Vitamin "D" really made some of us ambitious because they erected the volleyball net and has the first game of volleyball for this Sporting Season. The fellows that played were glad of the Health Building workout and pending plans are being made to make it more organized so to make competition in the Platoon and get the rust out of the joints of some non-players. However the dances we've had, have taken some of the kinks out of us but there's nothing like an outdoor sport. 14 Refering back to the 9th of February, it seems that the wishing is coming true when I wrote about having various sports in back of the Chateau because today a Badmitten court was born and christened. Lt. Caldwell presented our Chief Cook (I'll exclude Bottle Washer) with a new Chow Menu. Since I typed it up from a good Food Circular, it sounded pretty good to me. Mr. Moran came in this evening with the Payroll. It hasn't taken this month very long to fly by. Only 14 more days until March will be here, goes out like a Lion and comes in like a Lamb. 15 Lt. Ecker has entered the contest of growing Mustaches, however it is still on the conservative side. Cpl. Kelly isn't to be outdone thou because he turned up at Breakfast this morning with Waxed Ends on his Mustache making him to appear like a young Western Bull with Short horns. Work is underway to build a shower in the Greenhouse. There is nothing better that a shower after a game of sports. 16 We received notice of Pvt. Grays new address and after putting our heads together we found out that he was in England. Cpl. Patterson is preparing a V-Mail whereby all of us can put our signatures on it and send it to him with our regards and Good-Luck. Eeven thou Grey is a very quiet fellow we all thought he was a great guy - Maybe that was the reason - Ahem! This was another Beautiful Sunny and Warm Day so Spring is here even thou it isn't in accordance with the Yankee Calander back home. No Mail today again - What is this deal anyway? However we are all keeping our hopes up, fingers crossed and knocking on wood for it to be in tomorrow or in the very, very near future. There are plans for another dance this coming Sunday evening. Up todate there is one drawback - Sgt. Hodelka can't locate the Musicians! Time is drawing close to Sunday so if no Musicians, no dance.. 17 The Training Schedule is still in full swing, with classes every morning and afternoon. Mr. Moran left with his driver this morning for Nancy. They had a very invigorating morning to start out on their trip. Lo and Behold Mail came in today. Not much of it, but still every little bit helps. Lt. Ecker informed us that a Movie will be shown every Tuesday evening here at the Chateau for the benefit of all Men available. This form of entertainment will be just the thing for relaxation and for the fellows that want to forget that they've been overseas so long. Is it possible?? 18 Sgt. Hodelka saved the day by securing one Accordian Player for the dance this evening. For a time we thought all hopes of a dance was forsaken. It seems almost impossible for Winter (in true style) to end so abruptly and have such swell days as these. If only our Folks could see us now, who live in the Middle and Northern States of America, I bet they would be tempted to move over here bag and baggage, War or no War to our neck of the Woods. Up to now, 2359 hours the dance is going full swing, we're glad the Gals from Orchamps came up because they really put the dance over big. A Buffet Lunch was served at 2230 hours which consisted of sandwiches and good tasting coffee. 19 This morning after - surprise - practically every one attended Breakfast, although I did notice a couple of the Gents with yawns that could be taken to the Great Caverns of Kentucky. Oh how they wish for a couple of more hours of shut - eye. I bet...The dance ended in a very happy mood and every one had a grand time. Perhaps a few corns hurt and new bruises were added to our shins this morning but we'd have to do it all over again. The volleyball game today seemed to turn out to be a rough and tumble deal. More shins were skinned and other bruises were added here and there - But everyone lived through it and remarked "What a Game!" We admit that this isn't characteristic of every game - it just happens that we had Spinach that day for Dinner. But for manny of us we'll yell - "Give it back to the Indians!" 20 Todays weather has been quite different than it has been recently. It turned a little cold and it rained some also. We have some promises of Mail coming in tomorrow morning. So naturally we are all expecting a 2 1/2 ton truck full but we'll probably will only get one bag of the precious stuff. We had a movie here this evening "Music of Manhatten" and some of the fellows thought it was fairly good, but there was the usual bitch from the other percentage. However, it wwas something different in the entertainment field and that in itself made it something to look forward to and that made it worth while. - 547 - 21 Well one bag of Mail did come in this morning with letters for everyone it seemed - result - Morale has hit the 100% mark again. Hip, Hip. What luck, Pfc. Boyer was chosen to have a 7 day furlough in England. Now the topic of the day is "We Hope Nothing Comes Up to Stop These Furloughs." 22 Lt. Kerns came today on an inspection tour of our quarters. Volleyball was played this evening with 9 Men on each team. Large teams for playing the game but the more, the Merrier. Rumors of Mail came in this evening. We are expecting two bags full this time. - We hope!.. 23 Mail came in this morning, two bags full of Newspapers, Packages and a few Letters. Now they'll be midnight snacks galore. Hip, Hip. We had an added treat to our Breakfast this morning in the line of fresh Citrus Fruits. We had Grapefruit that really had a Sour Twang and squirt to it. Pfc. Boyer left for his furlough this morning in a most exuberant and exullant mood. 24 We had more Grapefruit for Breakfast that tasted pretty good. A telephone call came in this morning that there would be a movie this evening at CC No. 1. Also plans are being arranged to go to the U.S.O. Show tomorrow evening at Taveaux. An announcement that Mass will be held tomorrow morning in a Monestary nearby was made this morning. Every one is saying, "Some Busy Weekend We're Having". 25 The Chickens are laying eggs again so this morning every one had two (strictly fresh) eggs added to the Breakfast Menu. Lush was the word for it. Lt. Moran and two Enlisted Men arrived this afternoon with two movies, "Mr. Winkle Goes to War" and "Destination Tokyo". The fellows stayed in camp instead of going to the U.S.O. Show at Taveaux. The pictures were both very entertaining and interesting. During the picture "Destination Tokyo" most of us were sitting on the edge of our seats during the most exciting scenes. We hope more class "A" pictures come our way here at the Chateau. 26 Lt. Moran and two Enlisted Men left this morning at 0930 hours with our wishes of a speedy return engagement. Mail came in again, but not very much of it. However every little bit helps. This afternoon during our volleyball game there was a sight to behold--. Some farmers neighboring Cow broke loose from her moorings and started to high tail it down the green towards our court. At the rate she was coming a few of us didn't stay to find out whether it was a Cow or a Bull. At first the general impression was a Bull because of the horns she had but at second glance no Bull was ever borned that could be milked - Regardless we still got out of her way. The fellows from New York State have a volleyball team which is meeting all other States of the Union in the game. So far the winnings are 50 - 50. 27 Early this evening more Mail came in, right before Tuesday night movie. The movie was very entertaining. The title was "Take It or Leave It" starring Phil Baker. We all liked it very much. Some of the Women of this Village were invited in to see it. Even though some of them couldn't understand English. They received a lot of fun by watching the actions. Lt. Caldwell left for Nancy today to pick up, among other things I believe, our P.X rations which have long been over due--. 28 Lt. Caldwell arrived this evening from Nancy bringing with him a lot of P.X. for the crowd, Lt. Caldwell said that Captain Merrill will be arriving tomorrow afternoon with the Monthly Pay -- Hip, Hip. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachment January and February 1945 Prepared by E.C. Springer, Cpl. JANUARY 29 This morning, work has started on one of the Leroy Motors---it will be overhauled, in spite of parts being scarce. 30 A message from Lt. Turner. "Send in the names of all EM who have had Yellow Fever Shots before July 1942 also, those since July 1942." 31 Today it is starting to thaw. A drizzling rain is now falling and the weather has turned consideralby warmer. Nothing of importance to report on this last day of January. FEBRUARY 1 Nothing to report today. 2 Two of our EM go to the Hospital at Besancon to get X-Rayed. Early this afternoon, Lt. Turner arrives and gives a Sex Talk in Pantomine--also the "Once Over." 2100 hours---Truck from IOWA Platoon with one EM (To join our two) to report to Headquarters tomorrow. 3 0700--Our two EM plus one from IOWA, leave this morning for the trip to Hdqs. at Nancy. 1740-hours--Captain Guthrie, Sgt. Doerge and driver, arrive here in time for Chow. The Captain is C.O. of the L.W. Reptg. Co. and is taking the EM's Pay to their Units. (They will spend the night at NEW JERSEY.) The inspection this morning was "Excellent". The EM had been slipping a little in the last week---But are now back in the groove. 4 1015 hours---Captain Guthrie and party leave of ARIZONA Unit. 1130 hours Captain Merrill and driver Marsh arrive with our Payroll. 1500 hours--- (Message from Fwd Sect Ops #2) "Send Cpl. Kelly to Headquarters Feb. 6, Not Later Than Noon, For 48 hour Pass to Paris." The EM in question is sent for by Lt. Fallon---Cpl. Kelly comes in expecting a Pass to the Infantry and gets one to Paris instead! 5 Captain Merrill and driver Marsh plus T/5 Kelly, depart for Headquarters, near Nancy. The Morale of the EM which was pretty low--due to the Infantry call--seemed to raise to new heights when T/5 Kelly received his pass to Paris. The EM are glad that some one in the outfit gets the break! The most persistant question now asked is: "Have They Started a Pass Systen to Paris?" 6 This morning Lt. Fallon leaves for his weekly meeting at Ops #2. Many of the EM now taking advantage of our Day Room. Writing Letters, Playing Games and Cards or just listing to the Radio, are the main diversions. A large Wall Map of Europe, with both the Eastern and Western Fronts pin-pointed in Red Twine--Keep the EM informed of the progress of the War. Lt. Fallon changes the Twine, and the German Empire is noticeabley shrinking! 7 0900-hours Lt. Fallon, Sgt Flint, Sgt. Newman and driver Keller-leave for Headquarters and the Nancy Area. Message Time 1345 The following Message was first received at 1030 but due to faulty dictation we had to ask for a repeat on the Message. "Battalion asks if following would like to Volunteer for Infantry.XXXXX NEW JERSEY from F S O #2 cite as one nine XXXX Fallon, Cooke, Sayre XXX Reply immediately XXX" 8 The snow is going fast--One minute it is raining, the next the Sun is shinning. Feeble bird songs are heard in the mornings-but it is too early in the year to hope for Spring! Nothing of importance to report for today. 1615 hours--Lt. Fallon and EM arrive back from Headquarters. S/Sgt. Flint was decorated by Brigadier General Barcus, Commanding General, XII Tactical Air Command, at the Headquarters of the 64th Fighter Wing. S/Sgt. Flint was very proud of his Bronze Star Medal--and the whole Platoon shares in his feelings! 10 A great increase in Air Activity is noted in this Area. The EM at the Radar were commended by the I. C. on their excellent work in tracking X-Rays. The Saturday morning inspection was "Excellent." 11 Sunday, once again, and some of the EM brave the blustry weather and go to Church. Some of the EM have found out that one of our local Mademoiselles has amazing Amazinian Powers She will not be handled--even with Silk Gloves. 12 1300-hours Major Reedy and Capt. Vogel arrive at this Area and conduct a through inspection. The Captain is from the Inspecting Division of the Wing. Thisafternoon, right after chow, all EM not on duty are assembled in the Mess Hall to hear a talk given by Lt. Fallon on: "Military Courtesy and Customs of the Service." 13 The following are Messages frm Norton: 0745 hours--"Have P.P.A. report here---1000 tomorrow." 0845 hours--"Have P.P.A. report to Hdqts., at 1000 tomorrow." 0958 hours--"Send P.P.A. up today." 1030 hours--"Disregard the Whole Thing." 14 1355 hours--Mr. Moran brings out the Payroll for the EM to sign. Nothing more of importance to report today. 15 Nothing to report---today, has been a perfect Spring day. 16 The weather still stays nice--the EM have the baseball equipment in use, and talk of an organized Pass run, is meeting with considerable interest. 17 The camp inspection, conducted by Lt. Fallon and Lt. Cooke was pronunced " Excellent!" Lt. Cooke again takes the EM on a hike. Message to Lt. Fallon from I. C.: Time: 1830 "Truck broke down-can't make repairs tonight. Waiting instructions---cam-shaft broken;" Signed Laurence 18 This morning. Lt. Fallon leaves for Hdqts. at Nancy--to go on the Paris Pass. Prior to the War, the Lieutenant had made several trips to France--so now, he will be able to recheck on some of the sights of the "Big City." Nothing more to report---and looking back, this has been a very quiet week. 19 Have raved about the "Spring Weather" so much in the past few days, that I have about worn the subject out. Will try to be a little bit more rationable in this weeks report. A noted increase in Air Activity is reported from our Unit. Throughout the night, enemy planes were constantly in evidence. 20 Mr. Sayres leaves for Ops #2 at Altkirch, to attend the Tuesday meeting, in the absence of Lt. Fallon. 1045--hours--Captain Hildebrand, our new Medical Captain, arrives and gives the assembled EM a talk and the "Once Over." 21 1215--hours--Lt, Kerns (General's Inspecting Officer) and Lt. Saterfield (WYOMING Unit). Lt. Kerns conducts his inspection and says: "The Boys are Really Keeping Things Looking Nice--These Days!" This afternoon, Lt. Fallon arrives back in this camp, after completing his trip to Paris. 22 Our cooks leave for the 46th General Hospital at Besancon to get a blood test. Lt. Moran, Battalion Special Service Officer, brings us out a Double Feature movie. It has been a long time since any of the EM have seen a movie so, it was appreciated. 23 T/5 Danchik and one EM from Ops #2 depart this morning for Nancy Headquarters to leave on their London Furlough. Pfc. Sheperd, whose name was also drawn--but declined the trip. He is more interested in the Hills of Kentucky than the City of London, and one can't blame him. 24 The inspection this morning, conducted by Lt. Fallon and Lt. Cooke, was "Very Good." The volleyball court has been laid out, and the EM are making good use of it. 25 Sunday, once again. A few of the EM go to the little Church--the others are playing volleyball, Horseshoes, and Punching the Bag. Nothing more to report. War Diary. 582nd Signal AW Bn. TEXAS Detachment January and February 1945 Prepared by S/Sgt. James McNeil JANUARY 28 Cpl. Mioduszewski went to Hospital because of severe headache, was sent back same day...No change...Operating Radar and pulling guard. 29 No change...Operating Radar, inspecting Men, and pulling guard. 30 Men are complaining of the Chow Situation, it has been bad for a week now. No change.... 31 Part of the Men went to Dombasle for showers in the morning and the rest went in the evening, still Operating and pulling guard on the set. FEBRUARY 1 Pvt. Bisker asked for a three day pass to go see his brother, it was granted, He leaves tomorrow morning...No change... 2 Men that did not go for showers on the 31st, went today. Men preparing for tomorrow's inspection. Operating and pulling guard. 3 Men went to dance in Rosieres, no change........ 4 No change, Operating and pulling guard. 5 A drawing was held to award 48 hr. Passes to Paris. The lucky Man from our Unit as 2nd cook Pvt. Palmer. 6 T/4 Esposito, T/5 Strohl rejoined the team after completing their business for the Bn. in Marsailles. 7 Pvt. Palmer returned from his Pass in Paris. Lt. Moran and Cpl. Panza, Special Service, entertained the Boys with a motion picture "Cassanova Brown," last evening. 8 No change still Operating and pulling guard. Bn. Supply is moving its supplies to Nancy. Many of the Boys assisted them. The weather is still mild with rain falling last evening. 10 No change in schedule, Operating and pulling guard. Had inspection today, and many of the Boys are going to a dance tonight, given by 593rd Bn. 11 No change in schedule: Operating and pulling guard. 12 " " " " " " 13 " " " " " " 14 Lt. Colonel Speir and Captain Guthrie visited us today and inspected the Area. Lt. Moran and Cpl. Panza entertained the Boys last evening with a motion picture, "Destination Tokyo". 15 No change; the weather is quite mild and enjoyable. Still pulling guard duty. 16 No change in working schedule; NEW YORK and ALABABA Units are now living with us. A movie was shown this past evening called. "Swing Out the Blues", sponsored by Special Service, Lt. Moran and Cpl. Panza. Received Orders to move. 17 Broke camp at 0830 hours and moved to our new site, WQ64501930 near Phalsburg. Pvt. Harry L. Garrison stayed at Rosieres aux Salines for the purpose of having all his teeth pulled in the near future. 18 We are now set up at our new site WQ 6419. But not Operational, due to a High Voltage Condenser leak, in P.P.I. unit. Lt. Crawlwy, took the unit into Mr. Hixon R.R.M.U. to be repaired. 19 Unit Operational, no unusual occurance. 20 Continous Operations. Several of the Boys attended a Stage Show, sponsored, by the 34 Special Service Co., in Phalsburg this past evening. 21 Capt Treese, visited our camp today. 22 No change in schedule, Continous Operations. 23 Lt. McCoy Site Officer, was here today. Received Orders to move tomorrow. 24 Moved at 08:00 this morning to our new site at WQ 6520. Cpl. Tyndall our Medic was taken to 619 Clearing Station, by Capt. Feit. The cold and dampness affects his previous injured ankle. He expects to be reclassified to an indoor job. Capt. Erickson visited our Unit today. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment January - February 1945 JANUARY 28 Our Kitchen is now taking care of 65 Men. ALABAMA arrived this morning. Took our P/C to an Ordance in St. Die. Barely made it under its own power. After a checkup there, and after they had put in a new set of Points and a Coil, they said that the valves needed grinding. Capt. Guthrie visited the Unit. Hilliker and Norris left for Nancy to have a Physical Examination to see if they are fit for the Infantry. 29 T/Sgt. Haener took our P/C and PE-75 back to Hq. to do a valve job on them. Hilliker and Norris returned with the ration truck. They were both found unfit for Infantry. 30 There are so many different Radio Outfits messing at our Kitchen that the cooks can't get to know the Men by their faces. We were surprised this noon. There was a large lineup at the Chow line. A Man stuck his head in the door and yelled "Co M, Let's Go," and half the line fell out. Investigation proved that the Men were from an Infantry Convoy which had been stopped on the road. They had simply made themselves at home, as Infantry Men can do. 31 No change in situation, except that we are being visited by some decent weather for a change. In fact, the snow is beginning to melt. FEBRUARY 1 Told we might have to move, so Lt. Luna went out with Lt. De Voto to look over the new site and arrange for accomodarions, and also to investigate reports that the site was being shelled by Mortars. Town we were to move to was practically untouched. Radar site was noisy due to 105s in the vicinity, but apparently not overly dangerous. Loaded the 2 1/2 tonight in order to get an early start in the morning, as it will have to come back for our third trailer and another load, as our P/C is in Hq. 2 Moved to new site at Beblnheim -- in two moves. The 2 1/2 left early this morning with the Kitchen which had been packed last night (We all ate Breakfast with ALABAMA--they' had lunch with us). While the Radar Van was packed with the barracks bags and the bed rolls. As soon - 557 - as the 2 1/2 returned it was loaded with the rest of the gear and the remainder of NEW YORK started off for Beblenheim. Coming to the town of Ostheim, three miles from the destination, we were stopped by a traffic jam. Heard the whistle of what seemed to be a couple of shells, and seeing them land in the town made a lot of us think "Just Like Old Times," The next whistle and explosion which was off the road and about a half dozen trucks in front of us sent everyone to the muddy ditch. Small Arms and Machine Gun fire opened up all around us but none of us heard A/C (Rumor has it that they were Jet Jobs). Traffic began to move so we took off for town. Found that Lt. Luna had been watching the Bombing from Beblenheim, and enjoying it very much. He also couldn't hear the A/C, even though they were fairly close. After Dinner, went out to set up the Radar. While setting up, we had the opportunity to watch our own planes Dive- Bombing positions around Colmar. Made us feel a bit better. 3 2 1/2 took off for Luneville for rations and gas. A long haul. Expect they'll stay either in Rosieres or at Bn. Hq. in Nancy, and come back tomorrow. Rest of us pretty well set up in buildings right in the center of town. Nothing doing in town, though. 4 GM returned from ration run. Some of the Boys went to Church this morning in the Rectory of the local Church. The Church has been too badly hit to conduct Services there. The Mass was said in German, a new experience for the Boys. 5 Lt. Scott came out in response for a request for a better site, and sited our Vans about a hundred yards from their origional locations. A better site. No change was necessary in the living quarters. 6 Told that we were moving, so took down and packed the Radar set. ALABAMA couldn't move due to breakdown of one of their trucks, and since our GM had gone in to Hq. early this morning, we were left with only our Radar Van and were also pretty well stumped for transportation, our GM had gone in to Hq. to bring back our P/C and also to have a new Transfer Case put in. Think we'll be able to move tomorrow, though. 7 ALABAMA moved to new site in Colmar and sent back its four ton to help us move. Lopez went with ALABAMA this morning and returned to stay behind and guide Geroianni and Toland, in Hq. with our trucks, to the new site when they come. We moved into a school building in Colmar and set up our Radar set a few blocks away, in a large open field on the outskirts of town. Lopez came in with Geroianni and Toland. We found out when we arrived in Colmar that Corps had moved in the previous night and had already moved out, because Kraut Artillery had zeroed in on them last night. We could still Operate from our site, though, so it didn't mean that we would have to move. 8 Some of our Boys went to see a Parade and Celebration held in honor of De Gaul who is supposed to be visiting. Many of the Boys were able to pick up Souvenirs, mainly large Swastika Flags. Seems that the people would no longer need them, or believe it. Some people wouldn't give them away, tho, and others wanted them so that they could use the Red Field in the making of the French Tricolor. This afternoon packed Radar -- to move in the morning. 9 Awakened early this morning, at about 0130 hours, by the sound of loud explosions. At first we figured they were incoming shells, but the explosions sounded too sharp. Also no whistle. When we wondered if some 240s hadn't set up nearby. Some of us listened for a while, then turned over and went to sleep. Others went outside and later told us they were definately incoming, so went down to the celler for a while and then returned to bed, as the first floor on which we were staying as practically as safe as the basement. Moved today, back to Bebelnheim, this time with all the trucks in good order. Told not to setup station as we'd only be there a few days at the most, and there wern't any targets for us. Some of the Boys from ALABAMA Unit told us that between our living quarters in Colmar and our Radar site one of the shells that fell this morning had torn down a house, proving to the diehards that the shells, if that's what they were, were definately incoming. 10 Living in Bebelheim again, but in different buildings, as the incoming refuges had taken up part of our previous lodgings still, we're set up comfortably. If only there were things to do in this town, it would be a swell setup. The Boys are far from complaining, though, as they're on a partial vacation, as we're not set up for Operation. -- Sent P/C to St. Die for gas. Returned with enough so that we're ready for a long move, if it should be necesary. 11 Five of the D/F Men left us, leaving only three Messing with us now. Boys went to Mass in the same building as they did last Sunday, although we had moved twice since. 12 Normal Unit duties. 13 Received Orders to set up Radar Station. Set it up in a site on top of a Knoll. -- Geroianni and Toland left in the GM for Nancy to pick up PX rations. --- In the afternoon, some of the Boys were looking around the site, and found at least thirteen dead Jerries. They started sweating out a Burial Detail, but were saved by Orders to tear down the Set and return to Rosieres. Orders came too late to stop Geroianni and Toland, or to tear down today. 14 Torn down the Radar set but could not move as our GM was still in Nancy. Late this afternoon it returned. 15 Left Bebelhheim about noon, took a longer but better road back through Kaiserburg, and arrived in Rosieres about 1630. Had Supper in the CALIFORNIA and TEXAS Kitchen. The Boys set up their bunks in the same barn that they had previously occupied. A little crowded this time, tho, as the double bunk racks had been torn down. 16 Today the Boys went in to take Showers and Baths at Dombasle. Later others went for haircuts. In the past month the Boys have been taking their Baths in helmets and had a tough time finding or having a chance to go to a Barber. -- This evening Lt. Moran came over with a movie which was shown in the barn. --TEXAS took off this morning, giving the Boys quite a bit more room in the barn. We're Operating a combined Mess with both CALIFORNIA and ALABAMA. 17 CALIFORNIA took off this morning, leaving just our Unit and ALABAMA. We're continuing the Consolidated Mess. -- Tonight most of the Boys attended a dance held in Rosieres by DAKOTA Unit. A good time was apparently had by all. 18 This morning was spent in policing the grounds and in rearranging our equipment in our Stock Room, and in general of getting everything ship-shape. Not a very tough job as TEXAS and CALIFORNIA had kept things in excellent order. Had only to clear up the natural mess which is the residue of hurried moves. This evening the Civilians held a dance. Many of the boys attended. 19 Left Rosieres. Also left Geroianni there in order for him to have a full set of teeth put in his mouth (He had had them all pulled after an inspection by Capt. Bogan a while ago). Left our Radio trailer also, for Sgt. Haener to take with him in order to weld one of the Tow Arms. Arrived in Morhange and found that the building we had previously lived in was already partially occupied. Found another, better building which could easily accomodate both ALABAMA and us. Roof in perfect shape. Wish there were some windows left, though. 20 Set up the Radar Station North of town. It was quickly evident, once we had turned the set on, that this was the best site we had ever occupied, bar none. The only trouble is that the Corps is under Radio Silence, and until that is lifted, at least, we'll have no work to do. 21 Policed up the entire Area around the building and made up a schedule with ALABAMA for keeping the halls and stairways clean. Think we'll be at this site a little longer than at the previous ones and are starting to open our B bags. 22 Capt. Guthrie visited Radar Station and Unit quarters. Had no new rumors to transmit. 23 Capt. Guthrie left this morning, with Ziegler, his driver. 24 Major Ready, Capt. Wright and Capt. Vogel, the Sanitation Engineer visited Radar Station amd living quarters on an inspection. This was the first visit by the Sanitation Engineer. -- Geroianni returned today with his brand new teeth, and with the trailer which was supposed to have been welded at Hq. Motor Pool. Found on arriving here that the weld had broken. Luckily for us, there is an Ordance nearby who are willing to do a little work for us once in a while. We'll take it there, if they'll do the job. -- Lt. Luna picked up a couple of Selsyns from an 88 mm and hopes to use them in place of the flexible cable to drive the PPI sweep. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. CALIFORNIA Detachment January and February 1945 Prepared by Robbie D. Barnes 2nd LtJANUARY 30 This morning for Breakfast we had Powdered Eggs and Bacon. For Dinner: Corned Beef and Vegetable Stew. For Supper we had Spam, Peas and Corn. Usual duties were performed and Passes were issued as usual. 31 Capt. Merrill arrived in the morning with the Payroll and for those Men who were not present, Lt. Koziol took the money and those Men were paid in the afternoon. We had Hot Cakes and Cereal for Breakfast and Hash for Dinner. For Supper we had Salmon Cakes. T/5 Mitchell stayed up all night cooking bread because the ration dump was out and the Men had not had any for the last two meals. FEBRUARY 1 In the morning, several Men went to Nancy in the ambulance to have their teeth X-Rayed. Duties were routine and there were no outstanding meals. Passes were issued as usual. 2 Today is Groundhog Day and it was very Sunny and Warm. In the afternoon Word was received to alert five CALIFORNIA Men for transfer to the Infantry. Curfew had been changed to 2100 hours. No outstanding meals. 3 Sunny and Warm and the snow is practically gone now. We had Spaghetti and Peas for Dinner and Pork Lunchen Meat for Supper. There was another dance in town and our Men were invited. 4 French Toast and Bacon for Breakfast. Lt. Buckner called and told us that one CALIFORNIA Man could go to Paris on a two-day Pass. All names were put in a hat and we had a drawing. Pfc. Gabbard was the lucky Man and he is going with Pvt. Palmer of the TEXAS Unit. Some of the Men went to Church in the morning and in the afternoon, Chaplain Treese held Services in Barracks #1. A Girl from the Red Cross came by around four o'clock but she hadn't known that KANSAS and TEXAS were here so she didn't have enough coffee and doughnuts to go around, however she promised that she would be back tomorrow with plenty. -562 - 5 Chow improved today and we started off with Fresh Eggs for Breakfast. At Noon time the Red Cross Girl arrived and made good her promise. KANSAS was alerted for movement. For Supper we had Roast Beef, Mashed Potatoes, Peas an Cocoa. 6 For Breakfast we again had Fresh Eggs and Bacon. Lunchen Meat for Dinner but that was compensated by having Steak and Mashed Potatoes for Supper. Lt. Friedlander inspected the Area and was dissatisfied so he restricted everyone to the Company Area. 7 Hot Cakes and Bacon for Breakfast. The weather was a little warmer and a slight rain which was more or less interittent. Supply was instructed to move to the new location in Nancy. In the afternoon both Supply and KANSAS Unit left the Area. Lt. Friedlander lifted the restriction at 1300 hours, after making two inspections of the Area, in order that Men could go to Dombasle for Showers. Lt. Barnes called from St. Dizier at 2030 hours and said to send a truck to pick him up. Men's hopes are high with the thought of getting back to Gimbtett. 8 French Toast, Bacon and Coffee for Breakfast. Pvt. Orange went to St. Dizier to get Lt. Barnes and they returned in the afternoon. We had Pork Chops for Lunch and Fried Chicken for the evening meal. The weather was warm amd Sunny. 9 TEXAS Unit cooks prepared a Breakfast consisting of Hot Cakes, Bacon and Coffee. In the evening we had Brazed Beef amd Mashed Potatoes. Competition between TEXAS Unit cooks and CALIFORNIA Unit cooks has developed and the result has been bigger and better meals all the way around. Routine duties were performed and Passes were issued as usual. 10 In the morning, Lt. Friedlander and Lt. Crawley made an inspection of the quarters, Men, and Area. Results of the inspection were very good. The evening meal was a duplication of yesterday's, Brazed Beef and Potatoes. Weather was a little foggy in the morning but the Sun came out in the afternoon and a game of football got underway. At night, most of the Men went to the Saturday Night dance at the Old EM Service Club. 11 Sunday: Many attended Church Services in town. For Breakfast we had Fresh Eggs, Toast, and Coffee. In the evening, Roast Beef and Gravy. Chaplain Treese conducted Protestant Services in the afternoon in the Enlisted Men's quarters. Today was another Sunny day and it seems that Spring is here to stay. 12 Fresh Eggs, Toast, and Coffee for Breakfast and Brazed Beef for Supper. In the evening, Lt. Moran and Cpl. Panza brought a Movie Projector out with them and showed the film "Destination Tokyo". 13 Again we had the treat of Fresh Eggs in the morning. Chaplain Treese and Major Evers delivered a Sex Morality lecture to all of the Men in the afternoon. Lt. Friedlander and his Men packed and left for Nancy in the afternoon. For Supper: Hamburger Meat and Mashed Potatoes, Creamed Peas and Apricots with Whipped Cream. 14 For Dinner we had Spam and for Supper Roast Beef, Mashed Potatoes, Peas, and Peaches W/Whipped Cream. Morale was very high becasuse there was a rumor that we would be moving soon. Weather was clear. 15 Men enjoyed a Breakfast of Hot Cakes, Syrup, and Butter and then found another enjoyable meal in the evening which consisted of Baked Ham, with dressing and Cranberry Sauce. We had another movie and this time it was "Casanova Brown" with Gary Cooper, Teresa Wright. Shower trucks took Men to Dombasle in the afternoon. ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units arrived. 16 Cream of Wheat for Breakfast and "C" Ration Hash for Dinner. This was compensated for by having Beef and Dumplings for Supper. Lt. Barnes called all N/C.O.s together for a meeting at 1900 hours and problems which would be encountered in moving were solved in advance. 17 Cpls. Engesser and Robbins, who had been with the Platoon in the United States rejoined the outfit. Since we were to leave the next day, Men packed the trucks in the afternoon and by 1700 hours everything was in rediness. Another dance was held and everyone who was free from duty attended. Truck drivers were called together for detailed instructions concerning the move. 18 Breakfast was prepared for us by ALABAMA cooks and the meal consisted of Powdered Eggs and Wheat Cereal. Platoon left early in the morning with "K" rations being consumed on the move. Camp was set up very quickly and T/5 Mitchell had a meal of Pork Chops and Mashed Potatoes ready at 1700 sharp. Men pitched tents and retired early. The sky looked threatening all day but fortunately there was no heavy rain. Men are all pleased with themselves because of the smoothness with which the move was accomplished. 19 Hot Cakes for Breakfast. Vienna Sausage, Mashed Potatoes and Peas for Dinner and Spaghetti for Supper. Men worked at placing the Vans and erecting the set. Lines for lights were laid and tents were wired. It began raining at 1700 hours but was not much worse than a drizzle. 20 Powdered Eggs and Bacon for Breakfast. Pfc. Campbell went to Nancy. Sanitation Officer from the Wing inspected the site in the afternoon and found it to be in Good Shape. Slight rain continued throughout the day increasing the amount of mud. Lt. Koziol and Cpl. Robbins obtained some coal for the stoves. For Supper we had Roast Beef, Mashed Potatoes, Gravy and Green Beans. 21 For Breakfast: Oatmeal, Buttered Toast and Coffee. Dinner: Corned Beef, Lima Beans, Asparagus and Coffee, Supper: Roast Beef, Potatoes and Gravy. The day was very Sunny and details dug ditches in an attempt to drain off some of the water. Message Center brought Mail for the first time. Morale: excellent. 22 Breakfast: Hot Cakes, Syrup, Butter and Coffee, Dinner: Spaghetti and Lima Beans, Supper: Fried Spam, Mashed Potatoes and Gravy, A new guard schedule was instituted. Weather remained clear and warm. Capt. Feit inspected the Area in the morning. 23 Hot Cakes for Breakfast again. T/4 Gilofer left on 7 day Furlough to England. Pork Sausage, Mashed Potatoes, Peas, Fruit Cocktail and Coffee for Dinner with Hamburgers and Ball Potatoes for Supper. Weather remained clear and warm. 24 Wheat Cereal, Buttered Toast and Coffee for Breakfast. Lt. Koziol inspected the Area and quarters in the morning and found everything to be very satisfactory. T/5 Mitchell took special pains with a Pinapple Turnover Cake which was served with Roast Beef and Gravy for Supper. 25 Several Men attended Mass in a neighboring town. For Breakfast we had Powdered Eggs, Bacon and Coffee. Dinner: Macaroni. Supper: Fried Chicken, Mashed Potatoes and Peas. 26 Breakfast: Hot Cakes, Syrup, Butter and Coffee. For Dinner: Hash and Green Beans: Supper: Roast Beef and Gravy. In the evening, a Sergeant from a nearby Armored Division invited all the Men of this Unit to listen to the Divisional Swing Band. Men were taken in for Showers in the morning. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO DetachmentFebruary 1945 Prepared by T/Sgt James Celli 1 Colonel Jackson honored our Operation site & although nothing was said, we feel that he was mighty pleased. He questioned the Radar Operator with technical questions concerning his duties & the Operator answered back with Wing Policy precision. A visit to the Bivouac Area was expected but never took place. Perhaps tomorrow, who knows. Capt. Guthrie was present during the time the Col. was visiting the site but they never met, Capt. Guthrie was at the MICHIGAN Bivouac where he paid off the Men of the two Units. 2 Lt. Kearns, 64th Wing Inspecting Officr, calls on the MICHIGAN and OHIO Units. Everything seemed to be OK. At 23:35 hours the Radar Crew reported a sound plot heading East & a few minutes later the Bivouac Guard noticed a huge Ball of Red illuminate the sky East of Saverne. Radar C.O., having a better view from the site noticed the huge Red Ball disintegrate into smaller ones and disappeared from view. Report was relayed to `Baby' that the visual was assumed to be a plane exploding. Air Activity at its peak for the day. 3 Report from Air Ops explains last nights incident East of Sarerne. Unfortunately the huge Ball of Fire was the culmination of two of our planes meeting in mid-air. Air Activity still on a large scale. 4 Nothing worthy of comment for the day. 5 Capt. Erickson makes an unexpected inspection call and complimented the looks of our Bivouac. He also visited the Radar Van & commented on the smallness of the PPI. The Operators, T/5 Philip Goldman, informed the Captain that a Report was submitted & a request was made for a larger tube. He departed after five minutes in a very happy state of mind. 6 Nothing of interest for the day. 7 Inspections of quarters and equipment by Lt. Taylor. Inspections carried on in the formal Wing Policy manner. Pvt. Rodger D. Piper returns to the Unit after a four month absence. 8 No change in our daily routine. 9 `Baby' has requested a Summary of Operational Activities for a 24 hr. period. The Summary to include Operational Hours, non-Operational hrs., & total Tracks, Plots, X-Ray Flights, Hostiles & Friendly. Information to be submitted by phone. Capt. Feit visited the Bivouac & admitted complete surprise when the Men saluted & reported according to Wing Policy. He inspected the Kitchen & cooks & also informed us that another Inspecting Medical Officer would probably be around in the near future. 10 Saturday inspection by Lt. Taylor. Capt. Davison visited the Radar Van & asked if permission could be had for some Air Corps Photographers to take pictures of the Van. The Men belonged to 12 TAC Historical Dept., but this wasn't enough for taking Photos of the Radar Van. `Baby' has recinded their previous Order for Opr. hrs, etc. by phone & now ask for a daily report on the matter to be submitted in duplicate. 11 Mr. Moran makes his monthly visit and the signatures of this Unit decorates the right hand of the Payroll. Strong winds necessitate tying the Radar antenna down twice and again throughout the day. 12 Ordinary routine without any occurances of interest. 13 At 0945 hrs., received message fro Capt. Bixby stating at 1000 hrs. eight Mortar shells were to be fired in the vicinity of WQ 8925. One shell every fifteen minutes. Artillery shells were packed with `Window' & Radar Operator was to observe how burst appeared on scope, giving azimuth & range. The experiment was conducted in the Area of our PE's and, unfortunately, was a complete failure for the OHIO - MICHIGAN Radar sites. 14 Picked up one Hostile flight that was out for a Sunday ride. One enemy flight in 406 plots shows again that a Jerry is hard-pressed. It is believed that this one flight was a Jerry re-con. 15 From 0130 to 0330 hrs. our slumber was interupted by intermittent shell burst in the immediate area. Jerry was firing one of his 380 mm babies about 30-40 miles Southeast of Saverne. One of the shells played havoic with one home on the main highway in the heart of town, killing nine Civilians. Another burst, which shattered windows in the MICHIGAN quarters & loosened plaster in our home, made a Bullseye on one of the nearby dwellings. The occupants, two Officers, & three Enlisted Men, who were asleep luckily escaped becoming casualties. Another Hostile flight picked up but again it was a dry run. 16 At noon we began moving the Bivouac equipment to Dettiwiller, which is to be our new site. Capt. Guthrie visited our Bivouac while we were in the midst of packing. Radar officially off the Air at 1730 & mounted for the move to our new location. At 2100 hrs., we were ready for Radar Operations at our new site but this was delayed due to no communications with `Baby'. Our new quarters is in and old Grainery that lacks all the luxuries of our previous set up. Aside from the Operational Crew, the Men take to their `Beautyrest' early in the evening. 17 Communications with `Baby' finally put through & Radar officially on the Air at 1335. The new site has made a slight improvement in the PE's appearing in the Northeast area. Sgt. William A. Lape notified to report to Bn. Hq. concerning his request for transfer to the Infantry. He returned early in the evening & only commented on numbers of forms he had to make out. 18 Radar activities practically at a standstill but not so at our Bivouac quarters. Major Ready, Capt. Brogan & Lt. From pulls unexpected inspection. The trio first visited the Radar site & after permission was granted made their scrutinizing rounds. Approximately 20 minutes later Major Ready & his staff made their appearance at our Bivouac. We were highly complimented on the neatness of our quarters & the appearance of the front grounds. The compliment was repeated by Major Ready as he left for FLORIDA. 19 Set up the pyramidals for airing out. Just a precautionary measure in the event that we have to make the open spaces our quarters. No activity which warrants a write-up for the day. 20 Capain Treese makes his first visit in ten months. His Sermon was a mixture of Religion & Personal Hygiene. The grand finale, which brought belly laughs, was the passing out of T.S. Cards (So they were refered to by the Chaplain) with neatly engraved letters which read `Chaplain' George W. Treese. Aside from the work (vehicles) details, there is nothing to comment about. 21 Only incident out of ordinary which occured today was the baking of Pies by our Chef. 22 No change in our routine or activities for the day. 23 Lt. Virili has lost eleven Men in the last week, eight for Radar schooling in England plus three more who were selected for the weeks vacation in England. OHIO Unit realizes the predicament of the MICHIGAN Unit and consented to furnish four Operators to substitute in Operations until the return of the Men. Of course, the present setup is working a hardship on the remaining Men of both teams but the trip to England is worth the sacrifice. Everyone agrees that the schedule is quite strenuous but is willing to cooperate and keep the England trip in effect. 24 G.O. reports an unusual occurance at approximately 0830 hrs. One English Lancaster exploded in mid-air about three miles South of our site. From information gathered, the third Man to bail out was picked up by members of the CONNECTICUT Unit and the other two still haven't been accounted for. War Diary. 582nd Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA Detachment January-February 1945 Prepared by T/5 John G. Brewer JANUARY 28 Up in the dark at 0600 hours for Breakfast to get an early start for what Lt. De Voto would be another long hard day. We were on the way by 0900 and reached our destination, the Hotel Belle Vue in the mountains between St. Die and St. Maria before noon. The wind and snow was blowing so little time was wasted finding suitable quarters in that shell blasted building. The previous G.I. occupants had left the place in a terrible mess so brooms and shovels were the first things unloaded. By prearrangement we ate chow with the NEW YORK Unit across the road. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge arrived early in the afternoon and stayed the night. 29 Advised this was only a Bivouac so finishing touches made to our living arrangements. Otherwise, Men took life easy. 30 Normal daily routine. 31 Pfc. Deaney and Sgt. Robertson made a long trip to Luneville for rations and then to Nancy to get our mail, returning the next day. FEBRUARY 1 Lt. De Voto drove out to our prospective next site, some miles beyond St. Marie, near Beblenheim and returned quite alarmed by its proximity to the fighting for Colmar. 2 Up before dawn again for the ride to Beblenheim which was reached without incident before noon. Traffic and the previous day's thaw had cleared the roads of most of the ice and snow. We fed the NEW YORK Boys in the morning so they could get to Beblenheim in time to feed us at noon. Quarters found for most of the Men in the Mayor's house and rooms in adjacent buildings for the others. Kitchen set up in an unused Bar-Room nearby. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge arrived in time for Supper with our Payroll. 3 Paycall was at 0900 hours after which half the Men completed the task of setting up the Radar for Operations and those not so engaged busied themselves completing living arrangements. Except for a Battery of Long Toms a few hundred yards in front of us there was nothing to show cause for the Lt.'s alarm on his previous visit. There was some Ack-Ack Activity in the afternoon and two of the Men reported seeing three German Jet Propelled planes, nick-named "Blow-Jobs". Wish to note that while we were living at our Mountain Retreat we played host during the days and nites to the Road Engineers in the chilling task of keeping the highways open. We were glad to share our warmth and Hot Coffee with them. 4 Normal routine. 5 Normal routine. 6 Normal routine. 7 Moved to Colmar about 0900 and found ample billeting space in a School Building. We quickly unloaded our trucks and sent them back for the NEW YORK Unit because their trucks were in Ordance for maintenance. Had our Kitchen set up in time to feed them at noon. Made Radar Vans ready for Operation in the afternoon. 8 Shortly after T/5 Margaritonda and Pvt. Crean left on ration detail to St. Die. Word came that XXI Corps was moving back to Robauville and that we should move back to Beblenheim. It was discovered that a wheel bearing on the 584 Van had broken so Lt. De Voto and S/Sgt. Haskell set out to find replacements. They returned after dark with two complete sets. 9 Sleep in early hours of the morning interrupted by explosions of some half dozen German shells falling in Colmar. No damage to us or our building. NEW YORK had recovered its trucks so they got back to Beblenheim before us and had some Hot Food ready for our arrival about noon. Men set up housekeeping in almost the same quarters previously occupied. Vans not made Operational pending Word from Corps Hq. 10 Normal routine. 11 Normal routine. 12 Normal routine. Received Word to go into Bn. Hq. tomorrow for PX. 13 Sgt. Derrow drove 2 1/2 ton truck into Bn. Motor Pool for repairs. Received Word from Corps Hq. to put set in Operation. Advised by Corps later that they were releasing us and to return to Bn. Hq. 14 Successful efforts made by Lt. De Voto to secure 2 1/2 ton truck from Bn. for moving. Sgt. Derrow returned in it with PX pending arrival of borrowed truck, everything possible packed. 15 Day dawned clear and bright. Left Beblenheim about 0930. Radar Van developed wheel trouble on long Mountain Decent near St. Die. Half of the crew went on ahead to Rosieres while others waited for Van to be fixed. Arrived at Rosieres after dark. 16 Preparations made for indefinate stay at Rosieres. 17 Normal routine. 18 Normal routine. Orders came in the afternoon to report to XXI Corps in Morhange tomorrow. 19 While Motor Pool Mechanics changed wheel on 584 Van. advance party went ahead to find suitable living quarters. Advance party enjoyed Hot Lunch at WASHINGTON Unit. Quarters previously occupied during first stay in Morhange found used bu others. But another building large enough for both ALABAMA and NEW YORK and the three Man D.F. crew found close to the SS. Movie House. After the rubbish was swept out baggage, bedding, and Kitchens unloaded and by nitefall we were once again set up in Morhange. 20 Normal activities incident to completing living arrangements and preparing Radar set for Operations. 21 Normal routine. Capt. Guthrie arrived in the afternoon and stayed the nite. 22 Normal routine. 23 Normal routine. T/5 Thomas left for week in Eng. 24 Normal routine. Visited in the afternoon by Maj. Ready and the Wing Sanitary Inspector. FORWARD SECTOR OPS #2 64TH FIGHTER WING PO #374, US ARMY Historical Data for the period 4 - 17 February 1945. During this time, the Ops remained at Altkirch and its mission continued to be to assist in the final cleaning out of the Colmar Pocket, the last German Bridgehead across the Rhine. Weather was good, being warm and clear during most of the period. The Army Movie, which had been in Altkirch, was moved away and after this a Pass truck was run to either Mulhouse or Belfort daily if possible. The following changes in personnel occured: 4 Feb; The following men were returned to their home organizations: Cpl. Edward C. Ball and Pfc. Charles D. Hardy, 82nd Fighter Control Squadron; Pfc. Frank Rodiguez, Pfc. Ramiro Rodiguez, and Pvt. Harry M. Rutan Jr., 593rd Sig AWBn; Pvt Kenneth J. Dakey, 582nd Sig AW Bn. 5 Feb: Pfc. John Bercek, 582nd Sig AW Bn returned to thatorganization. 8 Feb: 1st Lt. Milton Turner, 64th Fighter Wing, was transferred to Control Center #1. 9 Feb: Capt. Alfred E. Hillenbrand, 82nd Fighter Control Squadron, reported for duty. 13 Feb: T/5 Alvin F. Kiepke. 582nd Sig AW Bn, was assigned to this organization. Historical data for the period 21 January - 3 February 1945 During this period the Ops remained in the town of Altkirch. The principal work was in relation to the clearing of the Colmar Pocket by the French First Army. The fourth week of January was cold and deep snow was on the ground, however about the end of the month the temperature came above the freezing point and after this there were occasionalshowers. Personnel changes during the period are as follows: 24 January: T/5 Forest D. Benefield, of the 593rd SAW Bn was transferred to Forward Sector Ops #1. 25 January: Cpl. Eugene Ross, 82nd FCS, returned to his home organization and was replaced by Pvt. Jack McMillien, also of the 82nd FCS. 26 January: 1 February: 1st Lt. Lwrence B. Knutson, CAC was transferred to C.C.1. 2 February: 1st Lt. Harry C. Wooten, 328th FCS, was transferred to Forward Sector Ops #1. 2nd Lt. James S. Higgins, CAC, reported for duty. Pvt. Dasrrel F. Grey, ofthe 582nd SAW Bn, was returned to that organization. HEADQUARTERS 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army 10 March 1945 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov), APO 374 US Army. (Attention: Historical Section). 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion for the period of 1 February to 28 February 1945: a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC.  b. Changes in organization: None. c. Strength: 60 Officers; 5 Warrant Officers; 966 Enlisted Men. d. Present Station: Nancy, France (WU-85010) since 16 January 1945. e. Movements: None. f. Campaign: German - still in progress. g. Operations: No change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions: No change. i. Losses in action: None. j. Awards received during period: (1) Captain William H. Frazier, Jr. (a) Award Purple Heart. (b) For injuries received as a direct result of enemy action on the 26th of December 1944. (2) Captain Guy R. Guthrie. (a) Awarded Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations from 1 September to 31 Decembber 1944. (3) T/Sgt. Clarence H. Fleming, Jr. (a) Awarded Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations between 15 September and 1 December 1944. (4) T/Sgt. Adolph H. Haener. (a) Awarded Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations between 15 August to 1 December 1944. (5) S/Sgt. Kemper S. Flint. (a) Awarded Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations from 28 September to 31 December 1944. (6) S/Sgt. Walter E. Neumann. (a) Awarded Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious Service in Direct Support of Combat Operations from 9 September to 1 December 1944. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion, for the period 1 February to 28 February 1945. For the Commanding Officer: s/ Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. Nancy, France February 1945 APO 374 US Army 1 Thu Weather cloudy and warm. Operations normal. A search is being made for a new site for ALABAMA Unit. Lt. De Voto went to look over a location near Beblenheim and was alarmed at the proximity to the fighting for Colmar; nevertheless the Unit will move tomorrow. Nearly on the verge of disaster, Unit ALABAMA received permission to shut down last night --Their one and only M-18 Generator Fan Belt was about to wear through. Today they were again ordered to go on the Air to assist the French. The film "Old Acquainstance" was shown this evening at the Wing. 2 Fri Weather fair and warmer. With the improvement in weather, Units are reporting renewed Air Activity. ALABAMA and NEW YORK Unit today moved to Beblenheim, arriving there before noon. INDIANA Unit received a scare today when scattered shells began to drop all around their Van; however it was discovered later that the shells were coming from Infantry Training Grounds, and not from an enemy, the firing having been misdirected. 3 Sat Weather cloudy. Normal operations. Men who have been selected for transfer and training for reconversion into Infantry have been informed so and have been instructed to turn into Supply all organizational equipment that they have in their possession. When exactly they will leave the organization it is yet unknown. KANSAS Unit is now set up just outside of Rosieres for experimental work on their new Radar. When the Unit again goes into the field it will be to Control Precision Bombing by B-26's and Thunderbolts. 4 Sun Weather cloudy, colder, and slight showers thruout the day. Operations continued normal. Camp duties not the least extraordinary. In as much as the Wing provides Movies here for all of the Units attached to it that are present Lt. Moran has been using the Battalion equipment, projector, etc. to provide our Units in the field with this type of entertainment. The Lieutenant receives a welcome that is only equaled by that given to the Mail Man and the Paymaster. 5 Mon Weather coudy -- A light, sprinkling rain during the morning, and slightly warmer. Our KANSAS Unit today received Orders to move to Mittersheim. a site that was used previously by the Unit. For entertainment this evening we had the picture "Adventures of a Rookie" shown at the Wing Theater in the Administration Building. 6 Tue Weather cloudy. Normal operations. 28 Enlisted Men left early this morning having been transferred to be trained for the Infantry. Captain Guy R. Guthrie, T/Sgt. Charles H. Fleming, Jr., T/Sgt. Adolph H. Haener, S/Sgt. Kemper S. Flint, and S/Sgt. Walter E. Neumann were presented with the Bronze Star Medal this afternoon. The Award was made per GO #12, XII TAC, dated 6 February 1945. ARIZONA Unit reports giving information to Ops #2, thus assisting in the handling of a French flight today. Now with the advance of the French in their Sector the Unit expects to be moving up before long. VERMONT Unit reports observing a tragic sight today, which in these times is not so uncommon. Two Flying Fortresses collided in midair coming down in flames and debris about a half mile from the Unit's location. The planes were returning from a mission, only the first mission for one of them. Some of the Men were fortunate enough to be able to parachute to safety -- ten Men of the two crews came down with the wreckage. 7 Wed Weather cloudy with slight showers. The wreckage of two planes that crashed yesterday near VERMONT Unit was still burning until early this morning. ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units this morning moved from Beblenheim to Colmar. Mail has been coming in small amounts, but regularly which is conducive to good Morale. A good deal of our Mail seems to get missent to the 582 Signal Depot which organization has the same APO number. 8 Thu Weather cloudy. Normal operations. Captain Bixby and Lt. Castle, Captain McMillan, an Air Corps Bombardiar, and a Mr. Harris, Civilian Technician from Radio Laboratories are with KANSAS Unit to spend a few days and possibly to make final checks on the Radar, also to conduct several experiments to try out the Plotting Tables and Bomb Sight. Arrangements are being made for a dance to be held in Hotel Thiers tomorrow evening. 9 Fri Weather cloudy with slight showers which cleared up toward the latter part of the afternoon. In Colmar ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units experienced a shelling by the enemy; before noon they had moved back to Beblenheim. Dance in the evening --The dance began at 2000 hours; as our curfew is 2300 hours the dancebroke up just before that hour, and allowing just enough time for the Men to get back to their quarters. Everyone had a good time regardless. 10 Sat Weather, the usual, lately for the past several days -- cloudy with a drizzling rain in the morning which cleared up slighty in the afternoon. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. The film "Two Girls and a Sailor" was shown this evening for the evening's entertainment. 11 Sun Weather fair, becoming overclouded in the afternoon with slight showers toward evening. Operations are normal. CALIFORNIA Unit is expected to be moving before long; all Men of the Unit are pleased with the thought, all with one desire -- to get out into the field again. 12 Mon Weather cloudy; sight rainfall in the morning, which after a short respite persisted thruout the day. It's warmer though, A Test Flight was attempted this afternoon with KANSAS Unit. The failure of the Test was due to confusion and temporary failing of equipment. 13 Tue Weather slightly warmer and cloudy. Normal operations. Ground Observer Company of the Battalion which had remained at Rosieres has now moved Nancy. The Air Office of the 15th Corps reports excellent targets, objectives for Fighter Bombers. Despite the bad flying weather these past few days our planes have been up in strength, and all Radars report that they are kept very busy. Captain Wallace L. Bixby and 1st Lt. Virili today visited INDIANA Unit where an experiment with hanging "Window" by Mortar fire was being conducted. 14 Wed Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. Captain William H. Frazier, Jr., was awarded the Purple Heart per GO #17, XII TAC, dated 14 February 1945 for wounds received as a direct result of enemy action on the 26th of December 1944. 15 Thu Weather fair and warm. Operations continue normal. Today ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units returned to Rosieres for an indefinate stay. A picture, "Yellow Canary," with G.I. shorts and newsreels was shown in the evening by the Wing Special Service. 16th Fri Weather fair and warm. Operations continue normal. MICHIGAN Unit moved from Sarerne to Dettwiller today. OHIO Unit also moved to Dettwiller. A quota for leaves to England has been received. Our Battalion quota for the seven day leaves for this period is to be approximately 30 Men. The lucky ones will be chosen by lotteery; all are looking forward to a crack at it. A quota on 48 hour passes to Paris has also been received. A sex lecture was given this afternoon by Captain Schiuma, Medical Officer of the 593rd Signal AW Battalion. Captain Treese, Chaplain, also spoke a few words on the subject, regarding the moral point of view and the sense of fairness which is lost by promiscuity and illicit relations. Our venereal disease rate has been comparatively low in the past, and we are not only striving to mantain this present level but to even improve upon this present low level. 17 Sat Weather slighty cooler and very misty all day. Normal operations. TEXAS Unit today left Rosieres, moving to a location near Phalsburg. Eight Men of KANSAS Unit came in to Headquarters today and are to leave for England to study their new set. Also eight Men of MICHIGAN Unit today departed for England. In the evening the picture "Hi Good Lookin'" was shown, for about the third time now, by the Wing Special Service; G.I. shorts and newsreels however were new. 18 Sun Weather somewhat cloudy and warmer. Operations continued normal. Today CALIFORNIA moved to their new location. Orders were received today for ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units to report to XXI Corps in Morhange tomorrow. KANSAS Unit has set up a 188 Radio. H.F. as well as V.H.F. will now be used for communications. H.F. will be used to contact Medium Bombers, and only probably in cases of emergency when V.H.F. fails. In the afternoon the Red Cross Girls again called bringing their usual -- doughnuts and cheerful banter. 19 Mon Weather fair and colder. Normal operations. By nightfall today ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units were set up in Morhange. MICHIGAN Unit, in the new location, reports plenty of Air Activity. KANSAS Unit again controlled another B-26 on a Test Flight; the result of the Test was much more satisfactory, but there still remains a margin for improvement. ARIZONA Unit reports to have on several occasions assisted VIRGINIA Unit; assisting yesterday to Direct a flight to "Eggbasket." Tonight the Unit was plotting several hostilities. The film, "Saratoga Trunk," starring Gary Cooper and Ingrid Bergman was presented today by the Wing Special Service. 20 Tue Weather fair. Operations normal. Ten new Men were received into the organization today, replacements for some of our Men who have been transferred to Infantry training. More replacements are expected to arrive tomorrow. - 582 - 21 Wed Weather fair and warmer. Operations continue normal. 20 more replacements arrived today. An orientation lecture was given these new arrivals this afternoon to explain our work and to give the new Men who have been on the Fronts before some idea of what to expect here. 22 Thu Weather fair. Weather has improved and all Units are now reporting that they are kept busy now. Our Air Activity has been fierce with this favorable change in weather. 23 Fri Weather fair and slightly colder in the morning. Operations are continued normal. 24 Sat Weather fair. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in morning. Operations continue normal. TEXAS unit again moved to a new site. ARIZONA Unit today was visited by four French Radar Officers to discuss their Operational difficulties. The French seem to be experiencing much trouble with the PE-173, and say that recently they've burned up three of them. Operating 602's their method of Operation is interesting; a team consists of 28 Men, and two teams usually work together each going on the Air when the other goes off, and each team is on the Air for only an eight hour period. 25 Sun Weather fair and cold. Normal Operations. 26 Mon Weather fair. Operations continue normal. It has been decided that MAINE Unit is to continue working with the French; Lt. Woodling and Lt. Toske went with Lt. McCoy today to find a new site for the Unit. We saw the picture "Laura" this evening at the Wing Theater. 27 Tue Weather cloudy. Normal Operations. MAINE and OKLAHOMA Units moved to a site near Rosheim. A dance is scheduled for tomorrow to be held at one of the Theaters in Nancy. Final arrangements have not yet been made, and it is unknown exactly where it will take place. 28 Wed Weather fair and warmer. Personnel were paid this afternoon. The Enlisted Mens' dance was held this evening. Music was supplied by an Orchestra which plays at the Hotel Thiers. Curfew was extended for the occasion. And all had a fair time. The present location of Headquarters allows for plenty of variable entertainment thru sources in Nancy; Movies are available daily, as well as an occasional live variety show; living conditions as well as rations are excellent; and Mail is regular consequently Morale in general can be termed very good. - 584 - HEADQUARTERS CONTINENTAL ADVANCE SECTION APO 66723 March 1945 Junior Allied Officers' Club Opening ------------------------------------ The CONAD Junior Officers' Club, 45 Cours Leopold, will open at 1300 hours, Sunday, 25 Mar 45. Dancing 1915 - 2300 hours. Bar, Snacks, Card Room, Ping Pong, Reading Lounge and Writing Room open 1300 -2300 hours. Company Grade Officers of all the Allied Forces may become members and will permitted one guest. CONAD American Officers' Club Membership Cards and Bar Chits will be honored. s/ Ross J. W. R. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. INDIANA Detachment March 1945 Prepared by T/Sgt Floyd I. Edmonson FEBRUARY 19 The weather seems to be clearing up so today the Personnel Carrier was washed, the breaks adjusted, and a light coat of Diesel Oil put on the body to preserve the paint and make it easier to clean. Also, the Front Bumper, which was recently straightened, was painted over to keep it from rusting where the paint had been burnt off when it was heated to be straightened. Rations were drawn today for the next three days. 20 Lt. Cupples returned to the Unit this evening from his forty-eight leave to Paris. Lt. Col. Riha visited the Unit this afternoon and got his Jeep stuck in the mud on his way out to the Van. Since we could not reach his Jeep with the winch from one truck. It was necessary to drive it out into the field until it got stuck and then pull both out with a second truck. In so doing the winch guide was broken on our four ton Diamond T. The Personnel Carrier was greased today. The 407th Ordance here in Steinburg informed us today that we have been assigned to them for maintenance and supplies. The Unit received a letter today from T/5 Hinz who is in the Hospital in Paris. 21 Our Battalion Chaplain visited us today and gave a lecture on Sex, Capt. Feit inspected the camp area and Kitchen today. The 4 ton was sent to Ordance for repair. 22 Rations were drawn today for a three day period. 23 In order that T/5 Skurecki could get his things together this afternoon in preparation for his furlough to England, Pfc. Gustin cooked Supper. The 4 ton truck was returned from Ordance today. 24 All of the meals were prepared by Pfc. Gustin, for with T/5 Skurecki gone the Unit has no cook. T/Sgt. Edmondson, T/5 Lauer, Pfc. Keith took T/5 Skurecki to Headquarters this morning. The Detail Crew drew gasoline for the Unit at Saverne. 25 Rations were drawn today for a three day period. A Bulldozer and driver was borrowed from the Engineers to pull our truck loaded with gasoline to the Unit. T/5 Carl Waclawski was borrowed from MAINE Unit to cook for us during our regular cook's absence. 26 As the weather seems to have cleared for good, all tire chains were washed, oiled, and put away in bags until the time comes for their use again. The Detail Crew was kept busy changing tires and removing them from the rims to be turned in for salvage. 27 T/Sgt. Edmonson left early this morning with MICHIGAN Unit for Nancy and returned with PX rations and Pfc. Spotanski who is to be our cook's helper in place of T/5 La Salle who went to the Infantry. A movie was shown at FLORIDA Camp Area. 28 Rations were drawn today. Two tires from the 2 1/2 ton truck were salvaged at Ordance. A movie, "Destinaton Tokyo", was shown tonight at FLORIDA. MARCH 1 Today being the first day of a new month, the monthly Technical Report was prepared. Pfc. Kenward C. Bradley was taken to the Hospital by Capt. Feit. The Personnel Carrier was taken to Ordance for a new transmission. INDIANA was visited today by Capt. Guthrie, Sgt. Doerge and T/5 Ziegler with Pay for the Men of this Unit. Also Capt. Erickson and Lt. Benz of Forward Ops #1 visited the Unit today. 2 Today we started cleaning and sanding the 2 1/2 ton GMC for a new paint job. The Personnel Carrier was returned from Ordance. Lt. Benz dropped by on his way to CALIFORNIA Unit and Lt. Cupples went along with him to look over the set. Quite a number of Men of this Unit went to Confession and Mass this afternoon at the Church here in Steinburg. It was conducted by an Army Chaplain of the Military Police who had stopped by our Orderly Room earlier in the day with an invitation to all to attend. 3 The Boys on the ration run this morning faired very well and brought back Chicken, which supplied us with two meals. The rations were drawn for a three day period. More washing and sanding was done on the 2 1/2 truck today. 4 This morning, our new Power Unit, which MICHIGAN has been using for the past few days, was brought over to us. Since it has close to 300 hours on it, we overhauled it before putting it into service with our Unit. Sgt. Donald D. Shrewsbury was visited by his Brother-in-Law who is stationed in Verdun. A movie at FLORIDA Unit was attended by the members of this Unit who were off duty tonight. 5 A Bulldozer was borrowed from the Engineers today to pull our new Power Unit and a load of gasoline from the road to the Radar Unit as the ground is still too soggy to use a truck. Lt. Kern visited the Unit today on an inspection tour and got his Jeep stuck trying to cross the field to the Unit; the Bulldozer also pulled him out of the mud. T/Sgt. Edmondson worked as a Radar Operator in place of Pfc. Bradley who is in the Hospital. 6 Rations were drawn today for a three day period. Pfc. Bradley was returned to the Unit today from the Hospital but due to the fact that he has been in bed up until just a few hours before leaving the Hospital. T/Sgt. Edmondson worked his shift and Bradley will be placed on full duty status tomorrow. Sgt. Rife who has been ill and confined to bed was returned to full duty today. 7 Pfc. Bradley was placed on full duty status today. Ice Cream and Pineapple Upside-Down Cake were on the menu tonight for chow much to the delight of all concerned. No movie at FLORIDA tonight so the nightly Heart Game had a good attendance. 8 Gasoline was drawn today for the Kitchen and vehicles. The Detail Crew spent a good part of the day changing tires around on the vehicles and taking worn ones to Ordance for salvage. Ice Cream was served for evening meal again. 9 Rations for a period of three days were drawn today. The GMC was taken to Ordance today for a new paint job. Cpl. Johnson attended Sick Call at Fwrd. Ops #1. 10 Pfc. Bradley went to the Hospital for a check-up and must go again on the 14th. of this month. T/Sgt. Edmondson, T/5 Davidek and T/5 White attended Sick Call at Fwd. Ops #1 this morning. 11 The GMC finally got its new paint job. Ordance did not have any paint and it as necessary for us to furnish it. We were also reassighed to the 3544th. Ordance as the 407th. to which we have been assigned is moving 12 Food rations for a three day period drawn today. The GMC was returned from Ordance sporting it's new coat of paint. National Insignia and Vesicant Detector Paint were put on the truck today. 13 Pfc. Gustein went to Nancy for PX rations early this morning with OHIO Unit. The inside dual wheels which had been removed from the GMC so they could be painted were replaced this morning. 14 Today the P/C and 4 ton got a good wash job with a pressure hose borrowed from a Civilian neighbor. Mr. Moran visited the Unit today with the Payroll. 15 Today the Bumpers of all our vehicles were repainted with the organizational colors and are to be lettered when dry. Captain Guthrie visited the Unit today and also Captain Erickson. The 4 ton Diamond T was greased today. Rations were drawn for the next three day period. 16 T/5 Benjamin Skurecki returned to the Unit late last night from his Furlough to England. The Black Out Lights have not been working on the GMC and so today parts were drawn from Ordance, the Lights were fixed and are now operating properly. The Bumpers of all vehicles were lettered today. The Cracked Windshield on the 4 ton vehicle was replaced with one drawn from Ordance. Also, New Wipers were put on all vehicles where needed. A truck was sent to Dettwiller to the shower unit for those who felt in need of a bath. This Diary only covers a five day period I have been writing it up to cover Monday to Sunday but received Daily Bulletin No. 8, Headquarters 582nd. S.A.W. Bn, dated 12 March 1945, which stipulates that the Diary will cover period from Saturday to Friday. Diary for 10 and 11 March was included in last week's Diary. s/ Floyd I. Edmondson FLOYD I. EDMONDSON T/Sgt., 39157627 17 Early this morning Lt. Cupples, T/5 McCary left the Unit to return our Power Unit to R.R.M.U. at Nancy. The Lt. and McCary are to return tonight but Miller is to go to Paris to School. The Personnel Carrier was sent to Saverne to the Shower Unit this afternoon for the benefit of the Men of this Unit who felt in need of a bath. The old favorite game of the evening was once again in full swing since there no longer nightly shows at FLORIDA unit and those who played were trying to dodge theQueen of Spades in a game of Hearts. 18 Rations were drawn this morning for a three day period. Today being Sunday, quite a few of the Men went to Church. Mail came in this afternoon and after playing a few games of volleyball after Supper, most of the Men spent the evening answering letters. 19 This morning Waclawski our pinch-hitter cook from MAINE unit was taken back to Molsheim where his Unit was located at the time he was borrowed but his Unit had moved. This evening after Supper we played FLORIDA three games of volleyball and won two of the three. 20 Inquiries were made today by Lt. Cupples and MAINE Unit was located and Waclawski was returned. At 1800 hours this evening Lt. Cupples went to a meeting at Forward Ops #1 while the Enlisted Men of the Unit spent the hours from Supper to darkness playing volleyball. 21 This morning rations were drawn for the next three days. Ice Cream and Cake was requested for Supper tonight by Lt. Cupples so since we have no Ice Cream Powder on hand Ben Skurecki tried using Pudding Powder and it turned out to be excellent Ice Cream Powder. After Supper we played FLORIDA volleyball and lost two games out of three. Perhaps we had too much Ice Cream and Cake. We have to blame it on something, don't we? 22 Since we are expecting to move into tents at our next location, Edmondson and Forestier took those of ours that leak to supply and turned them in for some that we hope will be in better conditon. Captain Guthrie and his driver visited the Unit today and so Capt. Guthrie was drafted for our volleyball team. We won two of our four games. The GMC truck was stuck in the mud again today in an attempt to get out to the Unit with it. 23 Immediately after Breakfast this morning Capt. Guthrie read to the Unit the letters concerning the Policy we are to adopt in dealing with the people of Germany upom entering that Country. A flat tire on the P/C was patched today by the Detail Crew and the GMC was removed from the mud hole in which it was stuck. The War Department registration numbers on the P/C and the Radar Van were painted over today in four inch numerals in accordance with new regulations. 24 INDIANA Unit was visited today by Major Estes and his driver. The Major joined in the volleyball game tonight and played for INDIANA against FLORIDA. INDIANA won two games out of three. Major Estes won the final point of the last game by falling down. He attempted to hit the ball but fell down and the ball went out of bounds giving us the ball game. The War Department registration number on the four ton Diamond T was painted over today and we are now four inches high as required by regulations. Rations were drawn today for a three day period. 25 Today being Palm Sunday most of the fellows who could go went to Church here in Steinburg at the Civilian Church. S/Sgt. Robinson borrowd a Kiyak from a Civilian to row in the River. Since the boat was too small for him to sit in it, he stood on his knees much to his sorrow later. He became unbalanced and the boat overturned dunping him in the River. He drew quite a large crowd of both Soldiers and Civilians as he crawled out wet all the way to his neck. Brake fluid was put in the P/C today. After a Supper at which Chocolate Ice Cream was served, we played a few games with FLORIDA of volleyball. 26 The volleyball game with FLORIDA after Supper and the cut-throat Heart games after dark just about tells the story of our day outside of the fact that we did take a little time off to operate the Radar Set. 27 We drew Chicken at the ration dump this morning and ate half of them tonight saving the other half for tomorrow. The water tank was cleaned out today and water obtained at the Water Point. At 1500 hours this afternoon we received Orders to close down our station and prepare to move tomorrow morning, later we got Orders to close down but to remain here to get a new SCR 584. The Radar set was moved to the camp site. 28 While we were playing volleyball tonight after Supper, Mr. Hixson arrived with our new set. Immediately work was begun to remove our IFF and put it in the new set. 29 This morning we finished installing the IFF in the new set. An inventory of the old set was made. Other changes in both the new and the old set took up the rest of the day. No time for volleyball tonight. 30 The monthly Technical Report and inventory of our old set were prepared today. Gustine is cooking today in order to give Skurecki a day off. A wrecker from the Motor Pool arrived. 31 This afternoon to take our old set to R.R.M.U. Received Orders to send Pfc. Spotanski to Headquarters and Pvt. Adams came out with the wrecker to replace him. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment February & March 1945 Prepared by James Celli. T/Sgt. FEBRUARY 25 Interesting news for the day is almost as scarce as furloughs to the States. 26 Scarcity of interesting news still prevails. 27 Lt. Moran & projection machine break the monoyonous routine of the previous two days. "Destination Tokyo" & "Mr. Winkle Goes to War" prove to be suitable entertainment for the afternoon. Ground Activity on the East & Southeast vicinity seemed to have been stepped up by numerous Artillery flashes & flares appearing in that sector. 28 Lt. Moran spends a few hours tinkering with his projection machine. Capt. Feit pays us another visit. He inspected the Kitchen & quarters & then took off for another Unit. MARCH 1 Volleyball game has come into its own to break the monotony of our daily grind. The weather isn't exactly ideal, nevertheless, we are getting a kick out of the game. 2 Only excitement for the day took place during the evening volleyball game. MICHIGAN v's OHIO --hard fight but we won, Ma! 3 Due to the change in Operations with `Baby' two of our lend-lease subjects return to our Unit from MICHIGAN. We have discontinued reporting to `Baby', except during the 0730 - 0930 & 1500 -1700 hours. OHIO Unit will provide coverage during those hours that the other Radar sets are having daily maintenance. Throughout the 24 hr. period we will be on the Alert to support `Halfbake' in their missions. Our "Fix" plots will show code 7 & should be the answer in reporting the correct flight when two or more appear on the same azimuth. 4 Intermittent showers makes the only change for the day. 5 Doughnuts & drizzing rains make a perfect `stay in' combination. Snow was observed blanking our P.E. tops this morning. 6 Inspecting Officer, Lt. Kerns, makes a surprise appearance. Most of the Men off duty were engaged in a very interesting game of cards (current events for the first two weeks after Payday) and the remaining Men were deeply engaged playing over the shoulders of the regular players. Fortunately, every game has one repeated loser & to this chap, who had lost practically all his enthusiam for the game, we are indebted for calling a vibrating `attention'. Lt. Kerns departed for the MICHIGAN Unit. Although his inspection lacked the formality of his previous ones, I'm certain he made a mental note of the quarters neatness. 7 Today we received notification of the lucky one `fished bowled' for the England trip. OHIO stepped into first place by having five selected for England and one for Paris...Lt. Taylor is all smiles in hearing a rumor that his bars have been changed from Gold to a glittering Silver. More rank, more responsibilities. It will be necessary that he pinch-hit for me on the `War Diary' during my absence to London. Your imagination is in the acid test, Lieutenant. 8 I doubt whether E. Pyle could find anything of importance for the day to comment about. 9 Most of the Men were busy penning a few lines home and the silence is constantly interrupted by the dit dit of the Radio Operator, who is conscienciously determined to improve his sending and receiving speed. Lt. Taylor departed early in the morning for Headquarters to personally look into matters of importance to the smooth functioning of the Unit. The weather has taken a turn for the better and is perfect for the evening game of vollyball. 10 A meeting of the Men called by Lt. Taylor concerning the happenings of yesterdays trip to Headquarters. As the meeting terminated, it was evident that the origin of many rumors of late didn't come from Headquarters Hot Bed. Weather continues to improve and this goes for the game of volleyball between the MICHIGAN and OHIO Units. 11 Special Service sends two of their members to show `In Old Oklahoma' and `The Merry Monanans'. Most of the Men found the pictures very enjoyable entertainment & the rest agreed that it wasn't an `A' picture but darn good considering the usual run shown overseas. A perfect Spring day & again a volleyball game is played between the MICHIGAN & OHIO Units. Lt. Slay is making the rounds of the Units & will put up with MICHIGAN until he decides to take to the road again. 12 Four missions that were in order for this afternoon Operations were called off for some unknown reason. A truly beautiful day & every Man of this Detachment was out baking in the Sun. 13 Excitement hit a new high for the day but it was strictly a `tank' day. One Tank Destroyer heading for Saverne miscalculated the sharpness of the left turn in Dettwiller and forged its way through a Display Window of an Electrical Store. In the late afternoon, one Tank lost its left track & made a sharp right turn knocking the complete front wall down. Of the two mishaps, luckily there were no casualties. 14 Mr. Moran was out for his monthly run with the Payroll & gathered all the excess money for P.T.A's. No sooner had he departed when Chaplain Treese made his entrance. Fifteen minutes later Capt. Guthrie put in his appearance at the MICHIGAN Unit. Transportation moving towards Hagenau has been extremly heavy with Engineer equipment. From our observations, the bridge building business is in for a boom. 15 Whether MICHIGAN's meals didn't agree with Capt. Guthrie's constitution or not, is not for me to surmise, but the C.O. was here for our noon meal which wasn't anything to brag about. Evidently he had more than his fill because he didn't show up for the rest of the day. Radar Activities was in for a hectic day. The missions were so numerous that once we had the flight on the correct bearings we would jump to another and repeat the procedure. Visibility was good & our Bombing results for the day should add to the German headache. 16 The Men from the MICHIGAN Unit have returned from their stay in England. Now that the MICHIGAN Unit is practically up to full strength our two Operators have been released from their Operational duties with the 584 & are back to carry on for OHIO. Gigantic flights continue to soar serenly sky high in the direction of enemy held territory. Scope Operators are being driven frantic by the appearance of the P.P.I. At one time, the face of the P.P.I. resembled a completed `Window' release. Visibility has been good & the Bombing results should hit a new high. 17 Radar Operators kept busy throughout the day handling missions. Most of the targets for the day were in the vicinity North of Haguenau. One flight sent out to Bomb a convoy reported that the vehicles were carrying our markings. We doubt the reliability of this story because it was believed that possibly General Patton's Forces were driving South way ahead of schedule. 18 Missions continued to hold the record of their previous days. On the inter-com, we overheard a conversation between Pilots of P-47's concerning Tank movements. One remarked to the other that the Tanks looked like Jerries and down they zoomed to satisfy their curiosity. A few seconds later this came over the line, "Shame they were good Tanks, too". Rumors of moving were verified when Lt. Taylor ordered the Unit taken down at 2020 hours. The Radar vehicle was in perfect running condition but just a few blocks short of our Bivouac area the Hydraulic System went on the blink. By use of the emergency brake, it was driven to our quarters and repairs to the brakes were started but the trouble was more than we could handle. The Radar Van was partially packed and readied for a trip to Ordance in the morning. At 23:30 the Men all turned in for the big day ahead tomorrow. 19 Lt. Taylor and Sgt. Lape left for the new site, which is to be the same one we had in Megeney in December, in the P/C. T/Sgt. Celli, with S/Sgt. Garvey at the hand break, departed for Saverne to have the brakes corrected by the 3544 Ord. This job was too big for the Ordance Company to repair immediately, in fact, to get ahead of my story, it wasn't repaired until late evening of the next day. At 16:30 T/Sgt. Celli borrowed a vehicle from the Ordance outfit and drove to the new site to report to the Lieutenant and check if everthing was removed from the old Bivouac site in Dettwiller. Returned to Ordance with their truck at 22:00 hrs., and turned in for the night on top of the barracks bags in the Radar Van. 20 Lt. Taylor arrived at the Ordance Company in the afternoon only to find the Mechanic busy working on the Hydro-vac Cylinder of the vehicle. At 19:00 hrs., the road test was made and the vehicle released in perfect running condition. Upon returning to camp, Lt. Taylor is informed that there is no need to set up because another site further North is being selected for us. After a good cup of Hot Coffee, we turn in to await deveopments in the morning. 21 Evidently we are going to move because our Commanding Officer has been informed that there is no need to erect the Radar Unit. With a free hand, all the vehicles were given a touch up paint job and this goes for most of the other equipment. Lt. Moran is here and promised a picture for this evening Special Service makes good their promise by showing `Buffalo Bill'. The picture was purely a visual because the sound volume never increased above a whisper. C'est L'querre and C'est L'amplifier. 22 Some revision of the plans of Sixth Corps for an immediate move has been made because Orders were received to put the Unit on the Air. At 13:15 OHIO takes to the Air. Lt. Taylor states that the Front is moving so rapidly that Sixth Corps is delaying this expected move for one that will take us direct to German territory. 23 Capt. Guthrie calls on the Unit & learns that we are preparing for our move to Germany. Lts. Virili & Taylor go over the lay-out of our new site & returns with Orders to take down the Unit after 17:00 hrs. After a volleyball game with MICHIGAN, the Men prepare the cargo truck for tomorrows trip to the Fatherland. Due to this movement, Sgt. Lape drove Pvt. Lapinski to Hq. for his trip to Paris on the 25th. The Men are retiring early for tomorrow's big day. 24 At 05:30 hrs. the Men begin the first of todays tasks by working their way out of the bed-roll confines. Personal equipment is placed in a selected spot of the area & at 06:00 hrs. the Men have built up a wonderful appetite for the morning menu. At 08:00 hrs., MICHIGAN and OHIO form their convoy & take off for the new site. Our S.A.W. caravan motored through Wissembourg at 10:30 hrs. & a few minutes (5) later we entered the Divisional Line separating France from the home of the supermen. Camp completely set up & ready for Operations at 14:00. Volleyball court laidout, & due to the days muscular strain, we took the low score for both games with the MICHIGAN Unit. The Sandman waved his magical wand & put the camp into dreamland at 22:00 hrs. 25 Lt. Taylor confers with Air Ops of Sixth Corps & reports that we will dismantel the Unit in the late afternoon for another move in the morning. Our Hot & Cold water shower is put into operations for the first time & is a success. Lt. Virili sends word to T/Sgt. Celli that Orders from Sixth Corps calls for an immediate move to Landau. No sooner received, the barracks bags began to dot the area & the Pyramidals fall to the ground at the joking warning of `timber'. Our convoy swings on the road to Landau & approximately seven miles further down the road we pass through the Dragon Teeth Fortification of the outer Seigfried Line. Of course, this is only one Man's opinion, but this sight has done more for the Morale than all the combine efforts of the Special Service Field. After a two hour delay, Lt's. Virili & Taylor returned from Sixth Corps to direct us to our new site. Radar ready for Operations at 20:30 hrs., but held up due to no communications with Halfbake. 26 A comforting rain drizzle, which continued to noon, made sleeping heavenly. Radar standing by, but due to the turn in the weather for the better, wasn't called upon to aid in a mission. 27 At 01:30 the guard bellowed out the warning that an enemy plane was strafing the road nearby. The Men dashed out of their Pyramidals and dispersed in the open field. The plane remained in the vicinity for over an hour. Most of the time flying very low but not doing any harm. Tomorrow is the day for another move. Lt. Taylor is awaiting more details on the matter, but as yet, only knows that we will take to the road in the morning. Vehicles partially loaded for tomorrow's journey after evening chow and that ends the activities for the day. 28 Reville comes at 06:00 hrs. & final preparations for loading the vehicles begin. After an hour of dashing in & out of the tents, the Men set themselves down to a deluxe Breakfast; Fresh Eggs. Ten minutes before the last bit of equipment is placed on the vehicles, we learn that our trip North has been cancelled. Lts. Virii & Taylor drive in to 6th Corps to get full details on the cancellation. It is now known that 6th Corps had trouble with their communications line & couldn't contact us last night to notify of the change of plans. Upon the return of our Officers, we are informed that we would move to Neusladt & set up at the ALABAMA & NEW YORK site. We arrived at our new home to find the ALABAMA & NEW YORK Units practically half ready to evacuate the grounds. Camp erected & Radar ready to go, but waiting for Sixth Corps to move up. 29 Communications established through 21st Corps to Halfbake. This was necessary because 6th Corps has postponed their move again. We were notified that a mission was coming up before noon but that, too, was cancelled. Intermittent rains continue throughout the day & holds all activities down to a minimum. 30 The rains continue in the morning but the Sun succeeds to take over command in the afternoon. 17:00 hrs. Lt. Taylor returns to camp with news of another move. There isn't much known at the present time but it is assumed that this move will take us a long way into Germany. Vehicles are partly loaded & now we are anxiously waiting for the Officers to return with more detailed information. Manheim will be our destination. Not as far as we expected but it will be on the other side of the Rhine. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN Detachment March 1945 Prepared by Sgt. Karl Lroldart FEBRUARY 24 Dettwiller-Cloudy with little Air Activity - Lt. Satt new Controller joined us. He returned from Scotland where our Boys are going to School. 25 Dettwiller-Sunny and cool. We were informed that PX rations would be drawn on the 27 and 28th. 26 Dettwiller-Sunny and cool - No change. 27 Dettwiller-Sunny and cool-PX rations drawn today. 28 Dettwiller-No change. MARCH 1 Dettwiller-No change. 2 Dettwiller-cloudy and dull-Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge out to Unit to Pay Men. 3 Dettwiller-Cloudy but bright-Had one Bombing mission target being Selz. Mission a success. 4 Dettwiller-Rainy and dull-No change. 5 Dettwiller-Rainy and dull-No change. 6 Dettwiller-Rainy and dull-Lt. Virili left for Paris. 7 Dettwiller-No change.  8 Dettwiller-No change. 9 Dettwiller-Cloudy but bright-Lt. Virili returned from Paris. 10 Dettwiller-Cloudy-Had three Bombing missions today, two being on Soultz and one on Seltz. No reports received on these missions. 11 Dettwiller-Cloudy-Had two Bombing missions today one on Bannstein and the other on Egalshardt. Received report on Bannstein from Observer - Reported direct hit. Special Services showed movies at OHIO Unit. Lt. Slay Executive Officer of LW Reptg. out to spend a couple of days with Unit. Lt. Hyman and crew. Out to Radar. 12 Dettwiller-Cloudy-PX rations drawn today. 13 Dettwiller-Cloudy-No change. 14 Dettwiller-Sunny and bright-Capt. Guthrie and the Chaplain were out today Started Plotting to Halfbake on flights reporting to them. Mr. Moran out with Payroll. 15 Dettwiller-Sunny and bright - Two of the Boys returned from England, Coz and Wareing. 16 Dettwiller-Sunny and bright-Boys returned from Scotland. 17 Dettwiller-Today was a record day for missions. We Controlled eight. Lt. Satt returned to base. 18 Dettwiller-Sunny and bright. Started packing in preparation for moving to our old location at Hagney - WR 0133. 19 Hagney-Started Operations in our old location. 20 Hagney-Sunny and bright. One of the Boys stopped a couple ofsuspicious fellows and asked for identification. All they had was Jerry Dog Tags and identification. We turned them over to the PW Cage just a short way from us. 21 Hagney-Sunny and bright-No changes. 22 Hagney-Sunny and bright-OHIO and MICHIGAN had several very strenous games of volleyball. 23 Hagney-Sunny and bright-Preparing to move to new location just 1/2 mile inside Germany WR 1849. Capt. Guthrie out to visit Unit. 24 Sunny and bright-Moved today to Wissenburg WR 1949 - Nothing to report. 25 Sunny and bright-Moved again today to Landau WR 3066 - Nothing to report. - 601 - 26 Landau-Cloudy and dull-Nothing to report. 27 Landau Germany-Cloudy and dull- Nothing to report. 28 Cloudy and dull - moved again today 5 miles East of Neustadt, same site used by ALABAMA and NEW YORK. Went into base today to draw PX rations. 29 Neustadt-Cloudy with some Sunshine- PX rations issued today and Special Service liquor. Preparing to move tomorrow. 30 Neustadt-Cloudy and dull - Moving tomorrow instead of today. Nothing else to report. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment March 1945 Prepared by S.L. Hasey, PFC. 1 This afternoon we conducted two test flights, Directing P-47s and, by use of the Automatic Plotting Table, determining the exact moment when they should go into their dive and release their Bombs. Results of both tests appeared to be quite satisfactory. Tonight we saw the first movie we've seen in some time. Lt. Moran came out with the projector and films, and members of both Units, "KANSAS and VERMONT' gathered together for the show. A Double Feature; "Mr. Winkle Goes to War" and "Destination Tokyo". 2 Two flights of P-47's called for "Eggbaskets" this afternoon, so we took them over and gave the "Bombs Away" signal over Zweibrucken. That has been our target on most of these missions lately. It would be interesting to get a look at the town and see just how effective our work has been. 3 "Thunderbolts" are a very common sight around here and we've becomed so used to seeing them pass overhead on their way to and from missions, both singly and in groups, that we pay very little attention to them now. So, this morning when two came swooping in rather low we gave them no more than a single glance.- Until they cut loose with their guns and strafed the road. They made four or five passes, strafing on both sides of the Radar but, strangely, not directing any of their fire at us. They did hit three trucks and wounded an Engineer who was working on the road. They had done their work and were gone almost before we realized that they bore the black-crossed markings of the Luftwaffe. Apparently having been captured recently by the Germans. If they continue with that nasty trick we shall be back to our old habit of considering every plane a prospective enemy until we can see the star under its wings. 4 Rain seems to be standard weather for Sunday in this part of the country and today ran true to form. Visibility was very limited and apparently all planes were grounded, as we had no Business whatsoever. 5 Homburg was the principal target for Aircraft today and we conducted two "Eggbaskets" on the town. A third flight was taken up to the target area by us but they were met there by a Cub which directed them to their pinpoint. 6-7-8 Three very cloudy days with no Air Activity at all. We kept the set warmed up on a stand-by basis but did not need to Operate. Practically the only thing which Corps had in the Air was an occasional Cub, looking over the weather situation. We can still hear a good bit of Artillery fire from time to time, especially during the evenings. This particular Front has been fairly static for about three months now and "KANSAS" has remained in one spot much longer than it generally does. 9 The weather improved today and our Thunderbolts went back to work hitting the towns of Seweiller and Zweibrucken. Two of the flights were carried all the way for "Eggbaskets" but in three other cases the planes found holes in the clouds over the target areas and went down by themselves. They found a good deal of flak concentrated in the Zweibrucken area and, even though our Artillery tried to take care of it with a heavy barrage during the time that the planes were making their Bombing runs, several Aircraft came back bearing the marks of gunfire. On one mission the Squadron Leader was shot down and, although the Pilot parachuted to the ground, the other members of the Squadron, circling over him and reported he was still lying motionless when they left. 10 "KANSAS" took a very active part in the Offensive War Effort today, directing a total of eight "Eggbaskets". Homburg and Zweibrucken were targets. Of these missions now, we do not merely try to drop Bombs on the town but we aim for a definate point such as a factory, repair shop, etc. In one case our target was a supply train just outside of Homburg. Since the Bombing is done from above the clouds the results cannot be readily determined, so, we are all very anxious to see reconnaissance photos of this day's work. 11 The town is filled with members of an Infantry Division which pulled in last night. They have only been overseas a short while and, although a few of them saw action in the Pacific Theater, most of them are seeing the marks of War for the first time. Naturally, some of the "KANSAS" Men are accomodating them with colorful stories of our adventures. These Infantrymen are just a small part of the large number of troops that have been moving up towards the Front lately. 12 We completed two "Eggbasket" missions today over the towns of Pirmassens and Neunkirchen. They proved to be the last flights to be Controlled from this site, as we received Orders to move out tomorrow morning. Another movie was sent out from Headquarters so we all gathered in "VERMONT's" room to see the show. We brought a few of our Civilian friends with us but I'm afraid that the pictures, "Merry Monahans" and in "Old Oklahoma" gave them a rather distorted version of life in the United States. Lt. Smith and Lt. Robbins went to Corps Headquarters tonight to get information about our move and received a very heartening Commendation on our work. Three separate Flight Leaders had called Corps ad expressed deep Satisfaction and Gratitide for the way they had been Controlled in their "Eggbasket" missions. The Pilots all seem to have acquired a great deal of confidence in our directions. 13 Today we moved to our new site in Kulhausen, working under difficulties of a shortage in transportation, our 2 1/2 ton truck being in the repair shop. The ground was very muddy and it was a matter of hours before we could get the equipment towed and winched into position. The Artillery is quite close to us here and keeps pounding very steadily. At times tonight we could hear the sound of small arms fire, probably from German patrol action. 14 The weather was very pleasent today and we had only one "Eggbasket", the Pilots in all other cases being able to see their targets. About nine o'clock tonight we watched Air Raids on Homburg and Zweibrucken by the R.A.F. It was a pretty sight, with the flares, Ack-Ack and Bomb bursts being clearely visible from our position. Strangely, however, we could not hear the sounds of explosions. None of the raid action was audible except the returning planes droning overhead. 15 At one o'clock this morning the Artillery opened a very heavy barrage and, as we later learned, the Seventh Army started a push. All day long, Air Traffic was heavy with Fighter-Bombers and Medium Bombers passing overhead almost continuously. It was a perfect day for Aircraft; targets could be seen clearly and there was no need for "Eggbasket" missions. However, we were busy all day tracking flights and passing plots to Pelican so that they would have a good idea as to where the planes were at all times. The members of the Unit who have been in Scotland for the last few weeks returned today,so "KANSAS" is complete once again. 16 The good weather continues and the advance on this Front is going along very well. Another day of great Activity for the Air Forces, Bombing and Shooting up everything they could find. We spent the day standing by, tracking a few flights and listening to the radio conversations of Pilots as they hit their targets. Captain Sheftell, representing the 64th Wing came out this afternoon to visit and inspect the Radar. 17 The skies were a bit hazy today, Pilots could not see their targets, so "KANSAS" went to work directing them. For the most part we worked on Gun Emplacements and Ammunition Dumps. The targets were all new to us and the Bombing computations had to be made almost concurrently with the actual Bombing runs. Six of these spots were worked on this morning. More and more we were being given pin-points to hit rather than general areas. This type Bombing has, up to now been reserved for clear days. Under the new system many more missions can be worked. 18 The skies are clear enough today for the Pilots to be able to get along without our help, so we just stood by. We are going to move tomorrow so Lt. McCoy was out this afternoon to pick our site. This evening we took the set down and packed up most of the equipment. Then, for a bit of relaxation most of us went down town to a movie, "Woman in the Window". 19 This morning we moved to the town of Bettwiller, about nine miles away. We still do not have the use of our 2 1/2 ton truck, so the move had to be made in two trips but everything was at the new site by 3:30 P.M. Artillery Engineers located our exact coordinates and gave us precise check points to use in orienting the set. We are in perfect position now to work "Eggbaskets" on Kaiserslautern but tonight we were given Orders not to hit it. The Third Army is rapidly approaching the city and is too close now for any chances to be taken. The combined drives of The Third and Seventh Armies are going very well. 20 We are ready to Operate but were not called upon to do anything today and possibly will not be, since Corps is planning on moving very shortly. The roads have been lined with convoys of all sorts, travelling continuously towards the Front. Out team chief, Sgt. Frank Polacek has just received notification that he has been awarded the Bronze Star Medal for the work he did at Anzio a year ago. We who knew him and have worked with him for so long feel it is a well deserved honor and are glad that his handling of the 584 in its day of A.W. "Infancy" under highly adverse conditions has been recognized. 21 Today, "KANSAS" moved into Germany, crossing the border at approximately 2:15 P.M. The roads are in very bad condition and the convoys keep a heavy cloud of dust hanging over them all the time. Passing many Pillboxes, Trenches and other Defensive Positions, we moved to the top of a hill on the outskirts of Zweibrucken. Corps told us not to set up the Radar, as they do not expect to remain here much longer than 36 hours, so we merely put up the Kitchen and living quarters. Capt. Guthrie was here and spent the night with us. There is a beautiful view from this hill and our first evening in Germany was all too quiet and peaceful to be able to realize that there had been so much noise and tumult here just a couple of days ago. We could see two fires burning and some Artillery flashes but it was all pretty far off. 22 We had nothing to do today; merely waiting for Corps to move so that we can follow along behind them. After Lunch Capt. Guthrie read us a couple of Orders on the Non-Fraternization Policy, and then most of us went on a little tour of inspection through the various Fortifications along the line here. There are distant signs that the Germans are still in the process of working on their defenses when the Americans pushed through. Digging tools are lying hap-hazardly beside half dug trenches and a good deal of equipment, clothing, etc. has been flung about. There are a number of shell and bomb craters but no open ammunition cases or other suggestions of there having been any fighting for the defense of these positions. Apparently the Wehrmacht pulled out of here very quickly. 23 Today we made a long move to the town of Eisenberg passing through Zweibrucken, Homburg and Kaiserslautern. Some of the towns have been pretty badly blown apart by the bombing and shelling and we were wishing we had some way of telling which of the holes were made by our "Eggbasket" missions. We just can't feel any sympathy when we look at the ruin and rubble of these places; in fact, the sight of white flags hanging fromhouses is a pleasent one. A steady stream of refugees is moving South along the road carrying a few of their belongings under their arms and in rickey little carts. Many of them appear to be uniformed Italian soldiers but there a number of Women and Children in the procession too. Probably a part of the great number of Forced Laborers imported by the Nazis to work for them. Arrived at our site late this afternoon and set up camp on a hill a mile or two outside of town. All night, from time to time we could hear small arms fire, emanating from the several villages and roads in the vicinity. For some time to come there will probably be a good many Snipers or Fanatical Civilians to clear out of these places. 24 Our location was given the name of "Flak Hill" because it was quite heavily strafed the night before we arrived. Since we set up here however, it has failed to live up to its name which fact is quite satisfactory to us. Today we got the camp pretty well settled but do not expect to do much here. Corps will not be handling many Aircraft until the Crossing of the Rhine at which time we shall most likely be very busy once again. 25 Today we took "Stable", Corp's Observation plane, to the vicinity of the Rhine River and back again. To show his appreciation for our Direction he gave us a very through "Buzz" job, practically dragging his wheels acoss the tops of our tents. Tonight we could see flares being dropped and Ack-Ack shot up to the Northeast of our position. Planes were overhead from time to time, but there was no Bombing or Strafing in our immediate vicinity. Large convoys are heading towards the Rhine. It looks as though a crossing is about to be made. 26 This morning, Sgt. Polacek and Pfc.s Comstock and Bogumil left for a few day's stay at "ALABAMA" Unit to give them a little assistance with their new set; their Maintenance Men and some Operators being in Scotland. We took two flights out for "Eggbaskets" but they were unable to find the top of the overcast and, after climbing to 23,000 feet the missions were cancelled and they turned back. Later, however, we Controlled an "Eggbasket" on the town of Heidelberg. Tonight we moved, packing up after Supper and leaving shortly after seven o'clock. Part of the trip was over a very fine, six-lane highway, quite a treat after the usual rough roads. Reached our site, just outside of Worms about 8:30 and set up camp by the light of the Moon - 608 - and the periodic flashes of Artillery pieces which are very close to us here. The Rhine was bridged this morning and a continuous line of traffic is moving in that direction. 27 We were ready to Operate first thing this morning but were not needed. Apparently there has been quite a breakthrough and the Lines are moving very rapidly. The town of Worms is pretty bady beaten up, buildings everywhere lying in ruins. A huge Tannery and Warehouse stands open, filled with leather of all sorts. Champagne-filled Wine Cellers have been blown open; the streets are strewn with everything from typewriters to railroad cars. There is a suprising number of Civilians in town and a great many refugees on the road. 28 We were used for one "Eggbasket" today on the town of Walldorf, but, for the most part have just been standing by. 29 It rained nearly all day long and there was very little Air Activity. We received Orders to move out first thing in the morning, so we took down the set this afternoon and got as much of our equipment packed up as we possibly could. 30 This morning we crossed the Rhine and continued deeper into Germany. We stopped at Bensheim, where Corps Headquarters was supposed to have been set up but, when we arrived, they had already moved further on. So we ate our Lunch there and then continued Northeast some 30 miles to our site just outside the town of Send. It began to rain shortly after we got here but we had things pretty well set up by Supper. 31 Quite a bit of Air Activity today but we were not needed. The Infantry is running into a little trouble about 15 miles from here where the Volkstrum is holding out quite strongly but most of the Line is still moving forward. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. IOWA DetachmentMarch 1945 Prepared by Alfred H. Weikal, T/5 1 This was a busy day with everybody receiving their P.X. and drawing for prizes in the Raffle. There is a variety of prizes for the lucky fellows. Capt. Merrill didn't arrive as expected, however he will be here tomorrow. 2 This certainly turned out to be a busy day for everyone because: 1. The P.X. Raffle of 31 odd gifts were raffled off. Practically everyone in this Platoon of 51 Men received a winning number. 2. Capt. Merrill arrived at 1100 hours and paid the Men before lunch and during the afternoon. Once again those "Ole Bones" are rattling with fury. 3. Among all of this clameration Chaplain Hornbuckler and Capt. Shiuma, the Medical Officer gave us a Sex Morale lecture. Chaplain Hornbuckler gave a very interesting talk. Sgt. Mitchell was offered a two day Pass to visit Paris but declined this generous offer because of his Frequent and Disturbing Headaches. Therefore, Sgt. Ecklund was offered the chance and he accepted enthusiastically. Lt. Ecker is on the list to go next and Sgt. Silva gets the chance to go later on this month. At present he is undecided whether to go or not. We ordered this evening 51 Souvineer Plaques of the different engagements that the 582nd Sig. AW Bn. have encountered since being overseas. Every one is most anxious to receive one. Sgt. Young won the Jar of "Hush" Cream Deodorant (His name being the last on the list and Hush being the last Raffle item). However, he refused it for obvious reasons in his own estimation. A Dance is being arranged for Sunday night. The Men still want it and the Girls are wishing it so the outcome, -- a Dance.. 3 This was a day of all days because several unusual things happened. First of all, we had chocolate pancakes for a new change of menues. Everyone said they tasted pretty good. It snowed, believe it or not, two times today. Another freak in Nature for the kind of weather we've been having. So you see anything can happen here. We had delicious Ice Cream this evening for Supper, naturally everyone wanted seconds on the Ice Cream but--. 4 The Dance this evening was one of the best that we've had for some time. Everyone was in a joyious mood to begin with and the one man Orchestra was really on the beam and beating out the Jive on his Admirable Accordian. A buffet Lunch was served and the coffee really tasted good. After Lunch the Dance began again and it lasted till??? 5 It was 3 o'clock when the Dance finally broke up. Capt. Merrill left early this morning at 8 bells. How he did it, is beyond us..Ha. Ha. The day turned quite cold because of the rain we had last night-ess might be a good idea if we'd hawl out our long Johns again.. 6 Sgt. White and Cpl. Wampler went to the Hospital today with a case of Jaundice. This is the first we've sent to the Hospital for a long time - that is, it seems like a long time for us. This evening a fellow from C.C.#1 came out and showed us a movie, entitled "Bride by Mistake" and it was a very entertaining picture and everyone enjoyed it very much. The local MME's and MELLE's thought it was good also. Today some of us got out our woolen underware and it really felt good this cold day. This day has been quite different than the mild an sunny days we've had a week ago. 7 Sgt. Stein went through-out the Platoon to solicite names of fellows who want to go to Paris and England this evening. Believe it or not some of the cronies declined to go either place - well, we all haven't gone yet, in matter of fact, but at least we have something to look forward to. An apple a day, keeps the Doctor away is what we bet that the Officer at the Ration Dump (and all through the channels) is saying. -- So consequently we are getting the large juicy fruit in our daily rations. 2nd Lt. Caldwell received word that he was promoted to a 1st Lt. as of 1 March 1945. The drinks were on Lt. Caldwell tonight at the Hotel Cheval Blanc at Orchamps. (I wonder if he went broke??) 8 Mr. Smith and Sgt. Kirchner went to Nancy early this morning to bring back Sgt. Ecklund who is returning from his two day Pass in Paris. It is still cold and raining outside. No place could be better than indoor living quarters like these. Fortunate is the word for it. This evening we had a Double Bill in movies. The pictures "In Old Oklahoma" and "The Merry Monahans". We certainly had a variety of stories. One movie portrayed the Wild West in those Oil Rush Days and the other movie took us to the Theater in Vaudeville. The pictures were liked by all. 9 The weather is just beginning to turn nice today. For the first time in several days the Sun has shone brightly. Mail came in today, not much but sufficiently to make us happy. Everyone is elated over the fact that the Allied Armys have crossed the Rhine River. Needless to say but bets are being laid on when the War will be finished. 10 Mr. Smith rolled into camp at 0030 hours this morning with Sgt. Ecklund who returned from a gay time in Paris. He had a lot to tell of his sight seeing and adventures in the Capital. We had Vanilla Ice Cream for Supper today that really hit the spot in topping off the meal. 11 Lt. Ecker informed the Platoon that we are alerted. Everyone is glad of the opportunity to move, however, no one knows what the future will be holding for us. Mr. Moran came this evening with the Payroll to be signed. Many of the fellows are going to either one of the two Dances that is being held tonight. One Dance is at Ougney and the other is at Merci La Grande. It will probably be a long time before we can go to a Shin-Dig again, so nearly everyone is putting on their best Bib and Tucker. 12 The day started out to be Sunny, but still a little chilly. Mr. Moran left this morning with the Payroll all signed except for three Men that weren't here. No Mail came in this morning however the Currier said that so me would be in tomorrow. (Perhaps).. 13 No Mail again today but we're hoping against hope that there will be some tomorrow. Capt. Merrill arrived unexpectly. The regular Tuesday night movie was shown this evening. the title was "Marriage is a Private Affair" starring Lana Turner. The picture was very good and we all liked it. The sound was excellent, for once, and the acting, as always, was swell. 14 This is the beginning of another busy day for all of us we have Orders to pack everything in preparation for movement tomorrow morning. That it - Bright and Early. One of the most unsolicited things happened this morning everyone got a Souvineer from the Medical Corps. It was a sting er-O-O-O-O-O of a Tetanus shot. So anything can happen around here. Most everyone is out tonight paying their last respects to Taxenne, Gendrey and Orchamps. A lot of the fellows are gathering Eggs to eat on the trip tomorrow, which should be just the thing to help fill that extra winkle. Pvt. Poland was busy boiling the Eggs for the fellows in the Kitchen. He figures the number of Eggs boiled hit the 200 hundred mark. 15 We said good-by this morning to Taxenne and headed for our new stamping grounds. After a seemingly long journey through dust and more dust we finally Bivouaced at Rosieres Aux Salines. Even thou it was in horse stables that we slept in we weren't picky because we were all tired and wanted nothing more than a good nights rest. Pfc. Boyer joined the Platoon full of Gab and Jest about his furlough in England this evening. 16 On our way again at 0745 hours enroute to our camp site at Bisserte, France. We arrived at Bisserte at 1400 hours and pitched our tents getting the Unit in working order. When night finally came we were all tired and welcomed the softness (?) and warmth (?) of our cots and bedrolls. 17 Four Men are attached to our Unit from the 593rd Sig.A.W. Bn. to work on the F.M. which has been added to our Radar Set. The last of our tents went up today and the place looks like a tent city. The weather during our move has been ideal and we consider ourselves fortunate, in one respect, for that. Husky, our mascot pooch, faired the trip pretty good and was glad to leave Taxenne back in the dust also. 18 Plans are being made to get straw for our mattress covers and also provide Hot Showers for us. There is a Quartermaster Shower Unit located in Sarre Union so the problem of obtaining Hot Showers is remedied. For the first time in ages we had enough Steak to fill our wants for Supper this evening. Even thou some pieces were tough, it was better than no Steak at all. The 7th Army rations are good we think. Husky is becomming a valuable asset along with our regular guard in the area. He helps to convey the Guards Orders through his barking. The wee hours of the morning are anything but warm here, perched up on top of a hill, however with a stove in every sleeping tent we manage to keep warm while the fire is still going. 19 Lt. Ecker, Sgt's. Kirchner and Sullivan went into Nancy this morning and returned this evening with a lot of Mail and Stars and Stripes. Nothing could have been better to keep our Morale up like it is now. 20 We had a misfortune today, Cpl. Kuznia went to the Hospital today with a case of Jaundice. At present there are three of our fellows in the Hospital from this same disease. Lt. Caldwell strutted off for Nancy this morning enroute to Paris where he will have a two day Pass of fun and sight-seeing. No Mail came in this evening but the Stars and Stripes did. The day turned out to be a little warmer than previous days, which we were all thankful for. Swell days to air blankets. There wasn't very much Artillery fire this evening as there has been previously. We had a seemlingly Fourth of July Celebration at the Front, far in the distance our first night here. Traveling at times is difficult for our vehicles because there are many convoys passing through that holds our trucks up on the main roads. 21 The first day of Spring had a poor start. It began with a heavy drizzle fog however it wasn't before long that the Sun came out and Lady Spring put on her cloak of bright and vivid colors and started off on the right foot for the first day of Spring. Some Men left for the movies that are held in Sarralbe, this evening. The distance is very short so I presume the fellows will go reguarily. Sgt's. Kirchner and Silva bought a French radio back in Taxenne so now we've started up the PE-75 and hooked up the radio to it and are hearing the latest news and popular songs of the day. The newly born Hillbillies are putting away their Corn Liquor still, putting on their shoes (Don't take me seriously) and bringing out the Guitar and Mountain Tunes from the cobwebs and they are having their nightly get together in the area. Cpl. Kelly, the gent with the handle bar mustache is making his debut on the Piccolo by playing College Tunes. 22 The radio from the Supply Tent has kept us entertained with news and music from morning till night today. Capt. Merrill arrived today for an inspection tour of the camp area. A large group of fellows went to the movies this evening at Sarralbe. It seemed as if the theater was filled up to the rafters with G.I.'s. 23 Lt. Ecker gave his "O.K." to put lights in the tents. The lights will be installed tomorrow morning. Mail came in today with a lot of letters and newspapers for everyone it seemed. There were a few scattered packages for the lucky fellows. This turned out to be a swell Spring day, a great day to be alive, so one of the fellows remarked. 24 Pfc. Fagg left the first thing this morning on a three day Pass to Metz to see his two Brothers. Lt. Caldwell arrived back to camp this evening from his two day Pass in Paris. One of his many comments was "That the time was too short to spend in such a Gay City". Sgt. Ecklund and Cpl. Dobrosky worked on the electric lights this afternoon but didn't complete the job. Many of the fellows are getting their hair cut, Crew Style, in preparation for the warm days ahead. (?) These Spring days can almost make a fellow do anything it seems.. 25 Lt. Ecker went to Bn. Hqrs. this morning and returned with a lot of Mail. Pfc. Fagg returned unexpectdly from Metz this afternoon because his two Brothers were back on the Line. The Bn. Barber came this evening to lower many a Mans' ears. Up to the time he came Cpl. Larson and Pfc. Reader have been doing a good job of hair lifting. Pvt. McMillian can't say much for their hair growing ability thou. Mr. Smith was taken ill all of a sudden this afternoon. Here's hoping that he'll be back on the job again tomorrow. We're having hard luck in forms of entertainment these days. The outfit showing the movies moved up to Forward Areas along with the Shower Unit, not to mention the ration and gasoline dump also. So it seems we are being left in the dust again. 26 Our first rain, that we've encountered here, came early this morning. The let up spell didn't last very long because this afternoon the rain really came down in bucket fulls. A movie was held in Sarreguemines this evening and the movie proved to be a thriller and was liked by all that went. The Currier came out today but didn't bring any Mail with him because lack of space in his Jeep. 27 Lt. Caldwell left for Bn. Hqrs. this morning, and returned late this evening with a lot of letters, newspapers and four packages. The PE-75 went on the bumb for the full morning so we didn't have any lights nor music. The rain continued to fall today with only a let up at noon which lasted until evening. Only then did it dribble in a foggy state. The nightly poker games have taken the lead in the field of Entertainment here, but the winnings aren't as high as they were back in Orchamps. Those were the good ole days so Sgt. Gross said. 28 Instead of the regular saying, April Showers brings May Flowers we'll just shove it back a notch and say, March Showers brings Spring Flowers because they are growing fields and gardens around here these days and the leaf buds on the trees and bushes are busting open. A few letters came in this evening from Hqrs. and also some Stars and Stripes and Yank Magazines. Beside the P.X. that we received today we E.M. received a free ration of Liquors and Wines. Some of the fellows say, This is a Hell of a Time to get Liquor at the Close of the War over in this theater, Why didn't they start a long time ago ? (Question Mark). Lt. Caldwell read the Censorship R egulations to the Men this evening. 29 Today has been very miserable with intermitting cold showers through out the day. Sgt. Ecklund went to the Hospital this morning but returned at noon with Orders for more medicine and rest. The Currier came out this afternoon bringing with him only Official Mail. 30 Lt. Ecker and Mr. Smith left for Bn. Hqrs. early this morning. Lt. Ecker called this afternoon and informed the Platoon to pack everything in preparation for a move. Lt. Ecker returned this evening with a lot of Mail, packages and magazines. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. CALIFORNIA Detachment Feb/Mar 1945 Prepared by Robbie D. Barnes, 2nd Lt. FEBRUARY 27 Hot Cakes for Breakfast and Pork Chops, Fresh Potatoes (mashed) and Cinnamon Rolls for Supper. Consolidation of the ration truck with the shower truck was effected. 28 Cinnamon Rolls, Cereal and Coffee for Breakfast. In the evening we had individual Steaks with Mashed Potatoes and Asparagus for Supper. Pvt. Mathis took Lt. Koziol and Cpl. Robbins to Nancy. Upon their return they brought two bags of Mail. PX rations were purchased in Nancy for the Unit. MARCH 1 Gustatory feature of the day was the Roast Beef served at Suppertime. PX items, which included, Tobacco Pouch, Perfume, Whitmans Chocolates and American Beer, were sold. The weather clear ad warm. 2 Hot Cakes for Breakfast and Roast Pork for Supper. Lt. Barnes called all of the Radar Operators together in the afternoon for instruction in increasing Operating Efficiency. There was a slight rain early in the morning and the sky remained cloudy all day. Ops Message Center delivered Mail in the morning. 3 Lt. Koziol performed the customary Saturday morning inspection and found the quarters and area to be in good order. Pfc. Van Paris prepared a meal of Braised Beef Stew, Ball Potatoes and Chocolate Pudding in the evening. Weather was Sunny but a strong wind prevented it from being warm. 4 Sunday; Several Men attended Mass in a neighboring town in the morning. In the afternoon a truck was dispatched to the town of Gimbrett, about three kilometers distant, so that personnel could visit friends which they had made when stationed there. In the evening we had Fried Chicken, Mashed Potatoes and Peas for Supper. 5 Buttered Toast, Oatmeal and Coffee for Breakfast. Prime Roast of Beef, Potatoes, and Peaches for Supper. Routine duties were performed around the area. An N.C.O. meeting was held at 1900 hours in the Mess Hall. Message Center delivered more Mail in the morning. 6 The weather was cloudy and we had intermittent rain all day. The rainfall has made the ground quite muddy but tents are dry and the Coal supply was replenished today. For Breakfast we had Hot Cakes W/Syrup and for Supper, Steaks and Potatoes. Lt. Koziol attended a meeting at Ops at 1800 hours. 7 Wednesday: Capt. Merrill, Company Commander, arrived at 1130 hours and paid the Men. Message Center came in the morning and delivered two bags of Mail. Pvt. Gross was brought back from the Hospital by Capt. Merrill. Slightly rainy all day. Meals were excellent. 8 Lt. Koziol went to Battalion Headquarters to pick up the new Men from the Infantry who are to replace the five that left us for the Army Ground Forces. They returned with some Special Service Equipment, the new clothing for that which had been salvaged, and some more Mail. It continued raining all day and was slightly colder. 9 New Men were "Screened" by Lt. Barnes in order that they might be fitted into suitable jobs. He gave them a brief summary of the type of work that this Unit is doing then acquainted them with the organization in general. In the afternoon, all of the Men who wanted haircuts or showers, were taken into a nearby town. Weather cleared in the afternoon and the Sun came out for a few hours. 10 Pfc. Dodson was picked for a two day Pass to Paris and left early in the morning. Message Center delivered Mail in the morning. Routine duties were performed during the day. Lt. Koziol made an inspection of the area and quarters in the morning and found everything to be in good order. Food was excellent. 11 Men who desired to attend Mass in a nearby town were given Passes. In the afternoon, a truck to Gimbrett was dispatched and several Men were given an opportunity to see old friends. Weather was warmer and Sunny. Duties around the area were routine. 12 Weather turned rainy again. An N.C.O. meeting was called at 1900 hours. Men were taken for showers in the afternoon. Meals were excellent. 13 Again a truck was dispatched for showers and haircuts. In the evening, Lt. Barnes went to a meeting at Ops. Around the area, routine duties were performed. Sun came out in the afternoon and it turned a little warmer. 14 Lt. Koziol and Cpl. Robbins went to Nancy to get PX rations, check on items of supply, and get certain Radar parts. Upon their return, Lt. Koziol reported that CALIFORNIA was one of two Platoons to get an excellent grading for the Sanitation inspection. Pfc. Mathis and T/5 Leonard mounted the 500 gallon water tank on a 1-ton trailer. It was very Sunny and many of the Men engaged themselves in a baseball game after Supper. 15 PX rations were sold. Chaplain Treese visited the site and spent the night. Routine duties were performed. Weather was warm and clear. Another baseball game was played after Supper in which many Men participated. 16 Pfc. Fowler placed a Radio Loudspeaker outside so that music and news could be heard by all tents. T/5 Leonard and Pfc. Kavanagh made a volleyball net from some salvaged camouflage net that was left by an outfit that departed from a neighboring town. Men who were off duty spent the afternoon and evening trying out the net. Landline to Ops #1 was out for a short while and the plots were sent by R/T. The sound of the big guns could be heard all day long and an Engineer Company set off several Landmines nearby which shook the tents. Weather was warm and clear and it was not necessary to use stoves at any time during the day. 17 Inspection was made in the morning by Lt. Koziol. Capt. Merrill arrived about 1100 hours and stayed overnight. There was a slight rain in the morning but not enough to make the ground muddy. 18 Sunday: Men who desired to go to Mass in town were given Passes in order to do so. Lt. Koziol made a trip to Luneville and Epinal and returned at 2100 hours. Men from Ordance came by and informed us that they would come by the Unit every other day. Weather was Sunny and warm. 19 Monday: representatives of the American Red Cross arrived at the site in the afternoon and made gifts of Sweaters, Stationary, Doughnuts, Chewing Tobacco and Sewing Kits to the Unit. Routine duties were performed about the area. 20 Lt. Barnes went to Battalion Headquarters leaving early in the morning. Lt. Moran, Battalion Special Service Officer, came to the site in the afternoon and the movie "Buffalo Bill" was shown in the evening. A vehicle of the 421 ASP hit a horse in town, killing it immediately and injuring a small child slightly. Officers came to investigate the circumstances of the accident. 2 1/2 ton vehicle returned with new motor. 21 Medical inspection in the morning by Major Estes. Chaplain Treese visited Unit and conducted Services at 1300 hours in the Mess hall. Lt. Barnes went to Ops in the afternoon. Duties around camp area were routine in nature. Weather was warm and clear. 22 Inspection in the morning by Lt. Barnes and S/Sgt. Murcko. Capt. Merrill visited the site arriving about 1100 hours. He discussed appications for attendance at Army University Training Centers with Lt. Barnes. T/5 McElhiney brought back a large bag of Mail after a necessary run to Ops. 23 Inspection was made in the morning by Lt. Koziol and Sgt. Holt. Conditions were improved over yesterday's inspection results. Lt. Barnes was notified that he had been promoted to 1st Lieutenant. A truck was dispatched to take Men to Wasselone for haircuts. Volleyball games have become a daily activity of everyone in camp. Spirit and skill have increased. Weather has been very clear and warm which has ben a great factor in the increase in outdoor activity. 24 Saturday: Inspection of equipment, quarters and area at 1000 hours by Lt. Koziol. N.C.O. meeting held a day in advance because Platoon was alerted for movement. Plans for movement were discussed. Lt. Sumner, new Technical Officer, stopped by for a short visit the evening. He discussed with Lt. Barnes the possibility of using our present site for the MEW station. 25 Sunday: Several Men attended Mass in a nearby town. Cpl. Robbins went to Nancy for replacement parts for the set and other miscellaneous items. He returned late in the evening with Mail. Lt. Summer and Lt. McCoy visited site in the morning. 26 Lt. Koziol went to Nancy early in the early morning to report to Capt. Merrill. Based on telephone Orders from Capt. Schiff, the station was closed down at 1130 hours, the station packed for movement during the afternoon and moved to the camp area so as to clear the site for the new station. Lt. Lippman arrived with an advance party of the Men at 2030 hours and set up camp adjacent to ours. 27 Tuesday: Lt. Barnes, accompanied by S/Sgt. Murcko, Cpl. Robbins and driver, departed from camp at 1030 hours for a siting trip. Lt. Lott was picked up from CONNECTICUT and the party proceeded to a meeting point where Lt. McCoy was waiting. Many possible sites were checked but only one site could be found that would be suitable for both the SCR-615 and the SCR-270. It was necessary to site both stations together as we do not have our own FM radio, and it is necessary to report over CONNECTICUT's FM set. The party arrived back at camp at 2300 hours. Weather was rainy all day. 28 Wednesday: Camp was partially packed and convoy formed. The convoy left at 0930 hours and arrived at the new site at 1700 hours, the distance of 60 miles being traveled at a slower rate of speed than normal because of the rough roads and traffic jams. There was barely sufficient time to set up the Kitchen and personnel tents before darkness. 29 Thursday: Two trucks were dispatched back to the old site to bring up the remainder of the camp and Men. It was necessary to make a second trip because the Platoon has only one 2 1/2 ton truck. The station was set up. during the afternoon, it was turned on but all faults were not corrected until midnight, at which time the station was made Operational. The two tr ucks and the remainder of the Platoon arrived at 1900 hours. 30 Although separate rations are still drawn, the truck to the dump is alternately sent by "CALIFORNIA" and "CONNECTICUT'. Soakage Pit, Trash Pit, Garbage Pit, and Latrine were dug. Tents were pitched and foxholes were dug. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachent February-March 1945 Prepared by E. C. Stringer, Cpl. FEBRUARY 26 Enemy planes are again over this station-last night. Message from Norton Time 1026 "Send your daily report to Norton--one copy." Message from Captain Frazier Time 1700 "Lt. Fallon, report to Ops and prepare to stay over." 27 Message to Lt. Cooke Time 1325 "Do not go to Gale tomorrow yourself-- send truck--start to get things ready." Signed Lt. Fallon. 28 Message Time 1110 "Send truck to pick up Lt. Fallon at Infant early this evening." 1600 hours Pvt. Howell gets very sick and is taken to 46th General Hospital at Besancon. The EM faints will be serving chow--There is a great loss of blood which might be internal. MARCH 1 Capt. Merrill arrives with the Pay of the EM. The Captain will spend the night at NEW JERSEY The month of March comes in like a Lion. 2 0800 hours--Captain Merrill and driver Marsh leave this morning for IOWA Unit. 0830 hours--Lt. Fallon and W/O Sayre leave for our proposed new site. 3 The inspection this morning, conducted by Lt. Fallon and Lt. Cooke, was pronounced excellent. The EM are getting things ready to move. The usual packages are being sent home and accumulations are being disposed of. The weather still stays cold ---but, the first Spring flowers have appeared. 4 Church Services this morning are attended by a few of the EM. Lt. Colt, 89th H M Ordance Company, pays us a visit. The Lt. was in this neighbothood on business. Snow flurrys bring this week to an end. 5 Lt. Fallon and M/Sgt. Vitrano leave this morning to visit our new site. 6 Still getting things ready to move--in anticipation to that moving Order. 7 At noon today, the Order to tear down the Unit is received. The real work now begins--and most of the E M go up to the Unit to work. Lt. Fallon tells us that we will leave tomorrow morning at 0930 hours. 8 This morning, we leave Gouhenans per schedule---in the rain, which was not on our schedule. A bevy of Mademoiselles were on hand, to bid good-by to the E.M. Some hours later--without accident or incident--we arrive at our Final destination. (4 miles North-West of Colmar) our Bivouac Area is situated in a small valley amidst a great many vineyards--our Unit, is half mile away, on the side of a hill. Before we moved in, Lt. Fallon had the local Engineers sweep both areas for Land Mines--as this locality was part of the enemy fortifications. 9 Every available Man is helping with camp and Unit construction. Each Van for the Unit had to be winched up the hill and into position, because of the slippery condition of the roadway. A bridge was made to cross a small stream so that we can get our trucks into the Bivouac Area. Things are starting to take shape: 2100 hours--Lt. Kingsland (VIRGINIA Unit) comes up for his F M receiver. 10 Lt. Fallon goes over to Ops #2 this morning. S/Sgt, Flint, also leaves this morning for his 48 hour Pass to Paris. 11 Completed sitting up out Unit and started Operation at 1600 hours. This new site seems very favorable for expected Operation. Pvt. Abbey has received his "Call" and will leave for Hdqs. at Nancy, tomorrow morning. 12 Today starts with a message received at 1055 hours. "Turn in two old Le Roi heads for two new--at R. R. M. U. tomorrow." This afternoon, another message was received at 1400 hours. "There will be a meeting tomorrow at the Ops." 1730 hours--Mr. Moran arrives with the Payroll for the E M to sign. 13 Lt. Cooke, leaves this morning for his trip to Headquarters at Nancy. Mr. Moran also bids us good-by, and continues his rounds. 14 The Radar, which is on the Air and in perfect running order, is marred by the great number of P E's seen on the scope. After a week or so, this condition might improve. Nothing of importance to report today. 15 One of the E M has a bad fall this morning. His face was bruised and a front tooth was lost. A trip to Ops for a stitch or two was needed. 1615 hours--Lt. Thompson from Ops pays us a short visit. 16 The bodies of two American and four German soldiers were found about a mile from this station. Lt. Fallon will notify the proper authorities and they will be buried. Tonight, a couple of unidentified planes are flying over this area. A Blackout is imposed, while we await the ICS decision. The War Diary, this week, is lacking a couple of days. We now end this Diary on Fridays. s/Robert P. Fallon ROBERT P. FALLON 1st LT., Sig.,C. 17 Good old St. Patricks Day once again--our Irish Boys are due for a little Celebrating. 1345 hours--Captain Frazier (Ops Insecting Officer) arrives at this camp and conducts an inspection with Lt. Fallon. Message (from Ops) "Send truck to I C for one Man." The Saturday morning inspection was "Very Good." Colmar is shelled tonight from across the Rhine--We are comparatively safe here--that is, just as long as they don't overshoot their target! 18 Message 0850 hours. "We have a transmission for your Jeep at Grubsteak." Cpl. Danchik returns to this camp from his trip to London. He had a "Wonderful Time." 19 Message 1112 hours. "Tell your C O that there will be a Officers meeting--Tuesday March 20th at 1330." The village of Ostheim is in ruins all of the population except two, have left for more pleasent surroundings. These two have decided that Ostheim is the right place to raise a family. A pair of storks, find happiness amid the rubble. 20 Today, is a bit cloudy, after a week of Spring weather--the Farmers, could use a little rain. One of our drivers has an accident with a French Civilian car no-one was hurt. 21 At 1430 hours, Captain Merrill with driver (Marsh) arrive at NEW JERSEY. The Captain will spend the night with us. 1800 hours. "Miss Gretchen", the Red Cross Girl, pays the E M a surprise visit with Doughnuts and Coffee. 22 Captain Merrill leaves early this morning. Pvt. Howell returns to duty after being taken to the Hospital at Besancon on the 28th of February. 23 1145 hours. Captain Hildeburg (Medical Officer) conducts an inspection and gives the E M the "Once Over." Message from Ops 1520 hours. "Tell Lt. Fallon to send trip ticket to Hdqts. that was used on truck that had accident." This evening, Lt. Fallon leaves to investigate some shooting, originating from a neighboring hill. Tracers indicated, that the firing was in the general direction of the new Airport. 24 0845 hours. -- Stray, small arms fire hits near our Unit--there has been much promiscuous shooting in the hills around this camp and Lt. Fallon is trying to trace it now. A Message is received to have Sgt. Caldwell at Hdqts. by five (1700) hours tonight. The Sgt. is to leave for his Paris Pass. Our Saturday morning inspection was pronounced "Very Good" by our Inspecting Officers. 25 Catholic Church Services were available this morning in Colmar. Very few of the E M attended. Nothing more of importance to report for today. 26 The weather has changed--a steady rain has set in--regular camp routine is the order for the day. 27 A Message is received to the affect that a truck will leave tomorrow for Nancy for Jewish Services--and do we have any Men wishing to go? French (female) Red Cross Worker stops at this camp with a flat tire to be fixed---it is fixed. 28 Sgt. Caldwell returns for duty after a Wonderful Time in Paris. 29 For today--nothing of importance. For tonight--Colmar is shelled from across the Rhine--We understand that the French Barracks were hit with Casualties.) Our Operational Line was one of the many that was knocked out. 30 To end this I might add that this last week was marked by the most plots we have had in any one week since our arrival in France- 5,521! Nuff said! War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn, MAINE Detachment Feb-Mar 1945 Prepared by Pvt. R. J, McHugh FEBRUARY 25 Sent truck to Mutzig for Church Services. Normal camp duties. All personnel are awaiting the decision as to whether we are to continue with the 11 French, or go back to Hq. Men all hope to stay in the Field, but to do some work. 26 Normal camp duties. Lt. McCoy arrived with the news that we are to keep working with the French. Lt. Woodling and Lt. Toske went with Lt. McCoy to find new site. Took station down in afternoon in preparation for move. 27 Moved to new site close to Rosheim. No houses available So it is tents for us once again. As long as weather continues as it has been, this will not be a hardhip. Erected set, and are ready for Operations if any. So far there is no line to Corps. 29 Normal camp duties, and continued fine weather. No Operations in sight. Line was connected to Corps Hq. Everybody seems happy with the Bivouac, especially the nearness to town, an the friendlyness of the Natives. There is a heavy flow of laundry leaving camp. MARCH 1 Another new month, and quite a busy day. Capt. Guthrie arrived with the Payroll, P.X. rations arrived, and we had a Mail Call, why can't there be more days like this. No Operational news, this is getting monotonous. Pvts. McHugh and Norlund were promoted to Pfc.'s as of today. Capt. Guthrie, and Lt. McCoy stayed the night, along with their drivers caused a minor housing shortage. 2 Normal camp duties, and mild weather. No Operations. Cpl. Priebe and Pfc. Blevins went to Hq. to have the P/C worked on. Lt. Citron, a French Army Controller, arrived today. He is to relieve Lt. Withers. Today marked one year overseas for the `O.T.' Boys. An importune party started, and everybody concerned went to bed in High `Spirits'. 3 Capt. Guthrie came by for lunch. He brought news that the new set for OKLAHOMA will arrive shortly, and to get the names of the Men to go on the Operators course. The weather has turned tempermental, snow one second, and Sunshine the next. We are all hoping that the weatherman does not counter-atack. 4 Normal camp duties. More rain and a little snow. Some of the Men went to Bischoffsheim to a Patrotic Celebration. They all commented on the Colorful Costumes of the Women and Girls. 5 Normal camp duties. This was a Blue Monday. The Celebration was a bit drastic. Rations continue to be excellent, Fresh Meat and Butter are becomming common. The RAF was over camp in force again tonight. The Formations were overhead for two hours, and during daylight hours, the Air Activity was heavy in spite of bad flying conditions. 6 Normal camp duties. Sent shower truck to Mutzig. The Artillery was very active on the Front today. 7 Normal camp duties. Weather is still rather nasty, dismal, and chilly. The camp is getting very muddy, and no relief is in sight. Chow continues to be a big help in offsetting the bad parts of the camp. 8 Normal camp duties. We learned today that two Men of the Unit, Steiner and Jackobson were on the list for a Furlough in England. Again the RAF was over in force, and the French added to the noise with a terrific Artillery barrage about midnight. 9 Normal camp duties. For a change, the Sun came out today and it was not too bright, but we could see it. Orders came for OKLAHOMA's Men to go to school in England. This will require a reshuffle of the guard. We are still Non-Op. 10 Normal camp duties. Pfc. Nordlund was sent to the Hospital today with what looks like re-current Malaria. Cpl. Panza came out with a show, two filme, "In Old Oklahoma" amd the "Merry Monahans". The effort was greatly appreciated. 11 Normal camp duties. Another Sunday, and the usual Parade of the Belles. The weather is ideal for an `Easter Parade', and the rations continue to be very good. 12 Normal camp duties. Jerry tossed a few shells due East of site, but far enough away that they were not even noisy. Cpl. Priebe, and Pfc. Blevins returned today with the P/C, Mail, and P.X. rations. The French Officers from the Air Support Party, and the Officers in charge of the French Radar Teams came this afternoon to arrange for the Trainig of their personnel. The Officers were: Capt. Cataix, C.O. Forward Fighter Control 11 Fr. Corps. Capt. Dutacq, G-3, Air 11 Fr. Corps. Lt. Berethoul. C.O. 584 Radar Platoon. Lt. Maubert, C.O. 602 Radar Platoon. The French teams are to Operate our set. in preparation to taking over after they get their equipment. 13 Normal camp routine. The Training of the French Teams was started today. Capt. Guthrie visited the station today to inspect, and W.O. Moran brought the Payroll around. Both stayed the night. 14 Normal camp duties. Today the Crew Chiefs turned instructors for the French. They took over the Operations. Capt. Guthrie, and W.O. Moran both left this morning. And Pfc. Norlund returned from the Hospital. He looks rather yellow from all the Atabine that was poured into him. Today was the best day we have had yet. The Sun was Shinning all day, and there was a universal attack of Spring Fever. 15 Capt. Frazier visited station today to see how we were getting along with the French. An attempt was made to arrange for a dance in Rosheim, but the results were very poor. No Gals!! Training for the French continued. 16 Normal camp duties. It was another lovely day, and to Celebrate, we had a ball-game between MAINE and OKLAHOMA. The game was enjoyed by all concerned, and naturally MAINE won, score 3-2. 17 St. Pat's Day, and the usual Irish Celebration. Lt. Woodling went to F.S.O. #2 to check on reporting to them on 24 hour duty. The move is made to make more time for the Training Program of the French, both here and Ops. where they are taking over. The people here in town have been very friendly to the Men, giving them Souvenirs, and inviting them out for a meal or so. Normal camp duties. The weather was not so nice today, overcast, and a chill wind. 18 Sunday again, and again the Promendade. The local Belles are taking full advantage of the swell weather to show off their best. Erected the SCR 188 today so that the French Teams could report to F.S.O. #2, and thus get Field Training in Q.W. work. 19 Normal camp duties. Received Orders to go off the Air at 1800 hours and prepare to move. Pfc. Drove, Pfc. Blevins go to the Hospital for Observation. He has been having trouble with his stomach for a long time. There was a near tradgedy today. All the welding on the Antenna Support Assembly had come loose, and all that was all holding the Reflector was the thin Co-Ax Feeder. Luckily a routine inspection caught the trouble before the tubing was broken off. The Feeder Co-Ax was split. but Ord. was able to weld it up for us. Back on the Air the same day. 20 Dismantled set in the morning, and waited all day for the Siting Officer to come out. Pfc. Waller returned from Hq. with Word that Blevins would have to stay awhile. T/5 Waclawski returned today from INDIANA Unit where he had been relieving the Unit cook. Word arrived that T/5 Schweder, and Pfc. Boehler were notified that they were on the list of candiates for school in this Theater after Hostilities are over. 21 Normal camp duties. Today again the Siting Officers failed to show up. Aside from the swell weather, there is nothing at all to report. 22 Lts. Toske and Woodling went out and located a new site. It seems that the French siting Officers are as unreliable as the French weather. Lt. Moran visited station with a movie. The sound went out, but that did not stop the show. Lt. Moran gave us an ad-lib account of the show that was better than any sound track could have been. 23 Moved to new site today. Located near town of Brumath. Set up not as pleasent as at Rosheim, but not too bad. For the first time in some time, we are around some US Troops. Set up camp, and are awaiting phone line to go into action. 24 Put Radar on Air, Manned for daylight hours, since the French Crews are not yet here. We are on `Stand by' for any "Eggbaskets". Capt. Guthrie visited station, and read the Regulations to govern conduct in Germany. In as much as we are just one jump from Germany, this information is timely. A Liberty Run was made into Strassbourg, and from reports, the Men who went had a good time. 25 Normal camp duties. Continued to man station with full Crew for any calls from Corps. Lt. Citron left today, and the new French Controller, Lt. Leonetti, arrived. Another group of Men went to Strassbourg, but some elected to remain in camp to take advantage of Fried Chicken for Dinner. It was very good too. The weather was very pleasent. 26 Normal camp duties. It was a damp, and in some cases `Blue' Monday. During the night, a German plane strafed some roads close by. Then a Night Fighter patrolled for some time. The show put up by the A.A.A. was a sight. 27 Normal camp duties. The French Crews took over the shifts again. The weather has turned dismal again. But despite the bad weather, a great number of Fighter Bombers were over. Chow continues to be excellent. Today we had Pork Chops and real Potatoes. 28 Normal camp duties. The French Crews manned today, but there was very little traffic. Ran another trip to Strassbourg. All the Men are keen to go, for after this stop, the towns will be German, and the `No Frat.' program will put a crimp in all lines. 29 Lts. Woodling, Toske, and Leonetti went out to look for a new site. The next move is to Germany, and so the interest is high all over camp. Chow was good, the weather was fine, and to top it off there was a Mail Call. In all a good day. 30 More Spring rains have hit us. It has been here on and off all week, and though consistant, it has not soaked up the ground. Traffic light and the French Crews are a bit Browned off at the lack of work. Station went off the Air at noon to get ready for the move into Germany tomorrow. - 631 - War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING DetachmentFeb.-Mar. 1945 Prepared by O.D. Satterfield, 2nd Lt. FEBRUARY 25 Weather continues to be fair. An average number of plots today. 26 Lt. Satterfield went to the French Radar sites to investigate trouble they had been experiencing with their PE-173's. They had burned out the bearings on three of their eight motors. Everything seemed to be in order except that they were using No. 10 oil and so the conclusion was that the thin oil was causing their trouble. 27 Weather about the same as usual. Still fair, Air Activity also about normal. 28 Officers from the Units and from F.S.O. #2 were out finding sites for our new move to the Colmar area. MARCH 1 WYOMING played the Officers from F.S.O. #2 three games of volleyball and were victors in all three games. 2 Capt. Guthrie, our Commanding Officer, paid Men today. 3 Weather is starting to get bad again. Our nunber of plots fell off also. We are hoping that it doesn't rain or snow too much before the move which is coming up in a couple of days. 4 Several Men from the Unit attended a Celebration in Carspach. General De Gaulle was the principal speaker. 5 We are a little short of Manpower of late. One Man is in England for 7 day Pass. Another is in the Hospital for treatment. And two more are in Paris on a 48 hour Pass. 6 A very bad day as far as weather is concerned. Very little Air Activity today. 7 Went off the Air at 1247 hours today at our location at WV 6092 to move to new location. 8 Had a lot of trouble getting trucks out of area with the use of chains and winch. Moved to new location at WV 7969. Reported on Air at 2020 hours. 9 Our new location is not too good for picking up targets. However, we had a fair day considering the number of PE's and the poor weather. 10 We are living in a factory which was formerly used for making stockings. An Ack Ack outfit used it prior to our occupancy and it was left in a very disorderly manner. It is requiring considerable work to put everything in shape. Capt. Guthrie, Our Commanding Officer, came to the Unit today. 11 Capt. Guthrie, our Commanding Officr, was still with us today. Sahr and Lewis returned from Paris on their 48 hour Pass. 12 A heavy overcast today, therefore not much Air Activity. 13 Most everyone is still working on living quarters trying to make living as comfortable and sanitary as possible. After a bad start for the day, the weather cleared and brought forth plenty of Air Activity. Mr. Moran brought out the Payroll today. 14 Weather still continues good. A very large force of Bombers passes overhead about 2030 hours and returned around 2330 hours. 15 Three Men left today for 48 hour Passes to Paris. Duffle bags were issued in exchange for one barracks bag. 16 Lt. Thompson, Crypt Officer of FSO #2, was out to our Unit today. T/5 Minne returned from the Hospital. A Double Feature movie was shown in the evening and afternoon at FSO #2. Several Men from the Unit were able to attend. 17 Weather hazy and cool, Garcia, supposed to go to Paris, returned to the Unit, to go on the next list. 18 A softball diamond has been erected, and it looks like the season is off to an early start. Volleyball is a daily feature. 19 Garcia and Jackson left today for their Paris leave. With continued good weather, we are passing better that 300 plots a day, and that despite all the PE's we have in this location. 20 Sgt. Schneider returned to the Unit, after being away almost a month on a six-day leave to England. Rotkowski and Keen also returned, they from Paris leaves. 21 Spring officially started today, with a rainy morning, clearing in the afternoon. 22 Three hundred Liberators and Fighter Escort passed overhead this afternoon, on their way to Germany. A good Musical was shown at Ops this afternoon and evening. It was "Two Girls and a Sailor". Some excellent short War features preceded the movie. 23 Henry McIlwain left today on his Paris leave. The Land-Line went out just before 1700 hours yesterday, and came back in at 0945 hours this morning. This necessitated radio operation which isn't good in this location. 1st Lt. V. Moran visited the Unit today with the intention of putting on a movie for us, but the projection lamp was bad, so no movie. 24 Our present site is studded with shallow trenches, barbed wire entanglements, and the fields have been sewn with Land-Mines. At least once a day, a Mine is set off. Today's ration run brought back enough Chicken for three meals. 25 We moved the radio further away from the 602, in an effort to improve communications. The move was successful, now readibilities are excellent. 26 Sky overcast, but not sufficiently to prevent the Air Force from being up in strength. 27 Rain and heavy overcast made bad flying weather. Not much doing. We had four tracks all day, for a total number of 14 plots. 28 Weather cloudy and cool. Henry McIlwain returned from his Paris leave, bringing PX supplies and Mail from Nancy with him. Included in the PX was a water-proof wrist-watch, which will be drawn for. He also had with him 22 bottles of captured German liquor, to be apportioned among the Men of the ARIZONA and WYOMING Units. Lt. Satterfield held one of his regular meetings today, to bring the Men up-to-date on the latest bulletins. 29 Capt. Hillenbrand, our Medical Officer, visited the Unit this afternoon. He held Physical Inspection, and an inspection of sanitary measures and facilities. He found everything very satisfactory. 30 McIlwain won the wrist-watch. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. TEXAS DetachmentFeb.-Mar. 1945 Prepared by Ernest R. Strohl, T/5 FEBRUARY 25 No unusual Occurances. 26 No change in schedule, continous Operations. 27 Lt. Crawley attended an Officer's meeting at Forward Ops #1, this evening. 28 A new Man has been added to our team. Pvt. Albert, Ex-Infantry Man. 1 Capt. Guthrie, 1st Sgt. Doerge, were here with the Payroll, today. Capt. Erickson visited and inspected our camp today. 2 The following named Men were promoted to Private First Class: George W. Vaughn, Arthur McKee, William McMahon. 3 No unususal Occurances. 4 No unususal Occurances. 5 " "6 Lt. Crawley, attended an Officer's meeting at Forward Ops #1, this evening. 7 Pvt. Bisker was taken into Hqs. Nancy, today for treatment by the Dentist. 8 No unusual Occurances. 9 Lt. Slay, Administrative Officer from L.W. Rept. Co., is spending a few days with us. 10 No unusual Occurances. 11 Lt. Slay, left us today to visit the OHIO Unit. 12 No unususal Occurances. 13 Lt. Colonel Rehr, insected our Radar site and barracks. 14 Chaplain Treese was here. Pvt. Garrison, Pvt. Bisker rejoined our team. W.O. Moran was here, all Men sign the Payroll. 15 Lt. Friedlander, visited us today. 16 Capt. Guthrie, was here here today. Pfc. Vaughn left for Pass to Paris. 17 No unusual Occurances. 18 " " " 19 Lt. Moran, Special Services Officer, entertained the Boys with a Motion Picture, "Buffalo Bill". 20 Chaplain Treese, was here and held Communion Services.21 Major J. Estes, Medical Officer, inspected our camp area, and barracks. 22 No unusual Occurances. 23 " " " 24 T/4 Chario returned from his 48 Hr. Pass to Paris. T/5 Strohl, left for Pass to Paris. 25 No unusual Occurances. 26 " " " 27 Lt. Crawley, attended Officer's meeting at Forward Ops #1 this evening. Chaplain Treese visited us. T/5 Strohl, returned from his Pass to Paris. 28 Moved, from former site WQ 6520 to R 194489, in Germany. Standing by to move to new site when needed.. 29 Still standing by, waiting to move to new site. 30 Same as 29th, Standing by. No unusual Occurances. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA DetachmentFeb.-Mar. 1945 Prepared by Pfc. Kralj FEBRUARY 25 Expected a visit from Gen. Barcus today but he never came. Had a pretty fair Mail Call. Spring weather continued today - crisp and bright day. Lt. Withers returned tonight from MICHIGAN where he had been Controlling for the past week. 26 We have Orders to close station today at 1800 hours and move to a new location tomorrow. This evening Lt. Moran Battalion Special Services Officer, and Mobile Movie Unit came and showed two pictures. 27 We packed up and moved to a site just outside of Rosheim. We were Operational late this evening. We had a swell day and everyone is hoping that today is going to be a typical day of our future because we are now living in Pyramidal tents again. 28 We drew PX rations today - about the usual stuff. Also had a slight Mail Call and weather was still nice. MARCH 1 Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge came in late this afternoon with the Payroll and then spent the night with us. Lt. McCoy, Wing Siting Officer, also visited today. 2 Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge left early this morning. The weather was clear but cool today after having been downright cold over night. Had another Mail Call this evening. Lt. Withers is being replaced by Lt. Citron, a French Controller. Lt. Withers will be leaving us in a few days and everyone is sorry to have him go. Weather is still clear but very cold. 3 Weather overnight was below the freezing point and during the day we had snow flurries. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge dropped in again for a few minutes. We learned that soon some of our Men would go to a Radar School for training on the new type set we are to receive. 4 T/5 Ray Miller returned from the Hospital today and resumed his normal duty as Crew Chief. Pfc. Kemerly went to the Hospital for an examination but returned when he was found in good condition. The weather continued unsettled; rain, and chill winds. 5 Lt. Withers our former Controller left us today. He had been replaced by Lt. Citron, French Controller, a few days ago. Capt Feit our Medical Officer visited us and made his periodic inspection. Light snow flurries today. 6 T/4 Konradt returned to the Unit after having spent a short time in the Hospital. He had a minor Operation and is now in excellent condition again. The weather is still bad; snow flurries, rain, and chill winds. 7 Cpl. Boggs called the Unit together and gave everybody a Typhus Innoculation. S/Sgt. Weber made arrngements with the Battalion Motor Pool to trade our broken water trailer carriage for a one ton trailer. Ordance Companies refused to work on our present German make water trailer. 8 S/Sgt. Weber and Pfc. Moody took our water trailer to Headquarters today to make the necessary changes. The rain still continues. 9 The Sun finally made an appearance today. In the afternoon Capt. Guthrie called Lt. Toske and told him to send eight Men into Headquarters Sunday morning. These Men are to attend a Radar School in Scotland to study Close Support Bombing with the SCR 584. They will be gone approximately one month. The Men to go are; S/Sgt. Weber, T/4 Gassman, T/4 Konradt, T/5 Ward, T/5 Pourroy, T/5 Shannon, Pfc. Kralj, and Pfc. Chittenden. 10 All the Men who are to leave tomorrow were busy cleaning and packing the things they are to take with them on the trip. S/Sgt. Weber and Pfc. Moody returned to camp with the water trailer. They still have to do a bit more work on it. 12 Capt. Cataix, Forward Fighter Control, 2nd French Corps, Capt. Dutacq, G-3-Air, 2nd French Corps, Lt. Berethoul, SCR-584 Platoon Commander, and Lt. Maubert, AN/TPS-3 Commander visited our Unit today to make preparations for training their Enlisted Men on the two Radar Sets. We are to instruct the French in operating and maintaining our SCR-584. While the eight Men of this Platoon are in - 639 - Scotland T/4 Dorsey will be acting AW Chief and T/5's Wood, Perkinson, and Miller will be acting Crew Chiefs in charge of shifts. Something new was added for Dinner-asacian Sauerkraut. T/5 Miller and Pfc. Moody returned from Headquarters with PX rations. The day had a pleasent ending with a good sized Mail Call. 13 Visitors today were Capt. Guthrie who brought no new rumors and W.O. Moran who brought the Payroll. Both are spending the night. We started instructing the French today; one Crew this morning and another in the afternoon. Naturally they seem crude but no doubt they will learn in time. Humid morning but the afternoon was a bit of "Take off Your Artics" weather. 14 Capt. Guthrie and W/O Moran left this morning. The French students were with us all day. A kind of day which makes you want to get out and throw the old baseball around; which we did. 15 "Beware of the Ides of March" in this case might mean Beware of the things a typical Spring Day can do to you. One of our members didn't Beware. The sweet nostalgia caused by the Balmy Reeezes was too much for him - so over the hill he goes - A.W.O.L. from morning until late afternoon. The Culprit was Lt. Toske's pooch, "Baseball". Maybe it was something besides Spring that was in the air. This morning the French didnn't come for instructions because we were to Controll missions. It was not necessary to use us so they came this afternoon. Capt. Frazier stopped by for a few minutes. 16 Our French pupils invited us to a dance they were having. Several of us went and had an excellent time. This afternoon there was a Softball game between OKLAHOMA and MAINE. A tight game with MAINE winning 3 to 2 in the last inning. Arrangements have been made for us to use the showers in a local factory. Most of us tried them out today; quite a treat. 17 Capt. Hillenbrand, Medical Officer, inspected the Unit today. In general it was a quiet day as every day has been since approximately one third of the team left for Scotland. 18 Starting today we are to be Operational 24 hours daily; reporting to "Chowline". The French pupils will continue to work with us both day and night. The SCR-188 Radio will be set up for emergency in case the Land Line goes out. 19 Another softball game today with OKLAHOMA beating MAINE this time. This afternoon we received Orders to go dull at 1800 hours. Corps is moving tomorrow, and we shall probably move the next day. After Supper we tore down the Radar and Radio and packed them. Everyone pitched in and it took a remarkably short time. 20 First day of Spring brought forth a vigorous turnout in the Athletic Department. We took MAINE again in softball and tied them, one game each, in volleyball. Still awaiting Orders to move. There was a good sized Mail Call tonight. 21 Packed all the loose equipment around camp so that we shall have less to do when Orders come for us to move the vehicle serial numbers were repainted; also, the XII TAC colors on the bumpers. This morning was overcast with a light rain falling. but visibility was so good this afternoon that the Cathedral in Strasbourg could easily be seen. 22 MAINE won the ball game today. Lt. Toske was gone part of the day locating our next site. We shall move tomorrow. Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, was here with his movie. The afternoon was spent trying to get the projector working; finally had to show "Buffalo Bill" sounds good. Lt. Moran's ad libbing, if not exactly synchronized with the film, was never-the-less original and throughly enjoyed by all. 23 It's not often we have such good weather for moving. Striking camp. Moving and setting up again all came off very smoothly, and tonight the Radar was ready to Operate. Our M-18 Power Unit was returned from Ordance this afternoon after a valve grinding job. Our location is WQ 975156, on the outskirts of Brumath. Upon arriving at this location Lt. Citron was replaced by another French Controller, Lt. Leonetti. 24 Set up the VHF, IFF equipment, and camouflage net the first thing in the morning. Capt. Guthrie spent the morning with us. He read and explained two Special Orders against Fraternizing with the Germans. From all evidence our next site will be in Germany. Two French Officers, Capt. Videlane, Commanding Officer of a French Fighter Control Squadron, and Capt. Noulinet, Squadron Communications Officer, visited the station this afternoon. After seeing Strasbourg from a distance for two months several of us went in this afternoon in a Liberty Run and inspected it first hand. The Mashed Potatoes and Beef Steak for Supper were such as tomake even a Civilian's mouth water. 25 Quite a few gun blasts today. Didn't know if it's our shelling across the Rhine or merely target practice. Otherwise today was just a quiet Sunday emphasized with Fried Chicken for Supper. As yet the French students haven't joined us, and we have no line to Control Center. 26 Land Line to Corps was put in. Motor Maintenance man Pfc. Moody got the Radar Power Unit in good running condition after working on the carburator and ignition system. A bit of rain tonight, first in over a week. 27 The whole camp was awaken this morning about 0300 hours when a German plane strafed the road nearby. Ack-Ack opened up, but he evidently got away. Our French Confederates joined us and started Operating this AM. It was just a rainy day as this - exactly 2-1/2 years ago that approximately one-third of this Unit bid adieu to the Stature of Liberty. To commemorate the occasion we had the most appropriate dish possible for Supper - Hash. Pfc. Moody went into Headquarters for PX rations and spare parts. 28 Moody back from Headquarters brought a fair amount of Mail and PX rations plus a generous supply of Wine and Cognac. The black lining to the silver cloud was a note saying that we would not get our new Radar set. We were led to believe that the Unit would be called in soon for that purpose. 29 Lt. Toske went up into Germany and picked our next site. We shall probably move the day after tomorrow. Today like every day since the Big Drives started across the Rhine, we all paid special attention to the news broadcasts. 30 After Lunch we tore down and packed the Radar and Radio. We have everything set so we can pull stakes and get away early tomorrow. Heavy showers this afternoon but by twilight it cleared. War Diary, 582nd Signal AW Bn. VERMONT Detachment February- March 1945 FEBRUARY 25 Cloudy and windy. Some of the Men attended Church Services here in Mittersheim today. Most of the Boy's took a shower in Sarrebourg today. 26 Clear and warm. Lot of Air Activity today. Our Radar was very busy throughout the day. 27 Clear and warm. 1st TAC out in full strength. Our Radar busy untill Sunset. 28 Cloudy today. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge paid us a visit today. They brought the Payroll with them so we enjoyed Paycall. Our visitors stayed overnight. MARCH 1 Clear and windy. Lt. Moran our Special Service Officer visited us today. He showed us 2 films in the evening. KANSAS Unit was our guests. The films were "Destination Tokyo" and "Mr. Winkle Goes to War". The movies were very much enjoyed by all the Men. All the Men thanked Lt. Moran for his efforts. 2 Clear today. Lt. Bodd paid us a visit today. He was given a great welcome. He stayed during chow, and we all had a long talk together. Lt. Moran left us today. Our Radar was very busy again. We had a light snowfall this evening. 3 Cloudy and cold. Light snowfall today. P-47 planes were seen strafing in the vicinity all during the morning. It was reported that German Pilots were flying our planes and that a Hospital was hit. No damage as observed in the vicinity. 4 Snow and cold today. Sgt. Jurick took Sgt. McCarthy to Nancy today. Sgt. McCarthy is to go to Paris on a 48 hr. Pass. Sgt. Jurick returned with some Mail for our anxious receivers. 5 Cloudy and cold today. Our Radar was very busy today. Fighter Bombers were out in strength. There were a number of "Eggbasket" missions today. - 643 - 6 Cloudy with light rain. Nothing new to report today. The weather is very miserable. 7 Cloudy with light rain. Not much to report today. Everything functioning smoothly. The Boy's played volleyball after chow. There is no competition for VERMONT Unit in the vicinity. Ops #2 of Anzio days was the only team ever to defeat VERMONT in volleyball. 8 Cloudy and light rain today. Lt. Slay our Administrative Officer of L.W. Reptg. Co. was here to visit us and get acquainted. He is a new Officer in the Bn. He joined some of the Boy's in a movie at 15th Corps Hdq.'s. Lt. Slay is to stay overnight. The guards at the Radar reported a few enemy shells landing in the vicinity. 9 Cloudy and light rain today. We took Lt. Slay to TEXAS Unit today. Weather is too bad for flying today. But the Radar is standing by. We stopped at Sarrebourg for showers and then had Ice Cream in one of their shops. 10 Cloudy and cold. Our Radar very busy today. 7 "Eggbasket" missions registered today. 2 Companies of the 71st Inf. Div. are quartered in town here. They have been overseas 2 months and haven't been in the Lines as yet. Some of them have been over to see us giving us the latest data of home. T/5 Blahuta left with Lt. Loreto to Nancy today. Blahuta is going to Paris on a 48 hr. Pass. Lt, is to spend a night at Nancy and enjoy an evening at the Officers Dance. 11 Cloudy and warm today. Our Radar helped on 4 "Eggbasket" missions this morning. The Radar was very busy today. Volleyball was played this evening. This evening our Radar reported 2 "Suspicious" P-47's flying overhead for about 10 minutes. 12 Cloudy today. Our Radio Men began their practice sessions in code today. The Special Service Men visited us today and presented movies. The films were "In Old Oklahoma" and "The Three Monohans". The films were enjoyed by all the Boy's. KANSAS Unit was our guest. Many of the Boys brought Girls from the village as guests also. Rumor today is that we are to move tomorrow. 13 Bright and clear today. We started packing this morning to move to our new site. We arrived at Kalhouse in the afternoon. We immediately set up as soon as we overcame the mud obstacle which bogged all our trucks down including KANSAS. KANSAS Unit ate with us today. Word came that we were to be ready to Operate tomorrow morning. We experienced 1 Air Raid this afternoon. 4 enemy planes were seen in their dives. 14 Bright and clear today. Our Radar Operating very smoothly. All the necessary camp duties were finished by this evening. We are situated on a hill and seem to have a ring side seat to the Front ahead of us. Ours is a very congested area, with an Artillery outfit occupying the same hill. A Bread Basket mission was called for immediately after Supper. We could see our planes go into their dives. 4 German planes were strafing and bombing in the vicinity about 6 P.M. today. 3 small shells or bombs exploded about 200 yards from camp. We really have a thick concentration of Ack Ack over here. This evening the skies to the N.E. of us were lit up by hundreds of flares. It was a great show. We heard many Bombers overhead. The Radio reported later that the R.A.F. bombed the enemy in the 7th Army Sector. The raid was 18 miles North of us. It is very cold tonight. 15 Very clear and warm today. A Big 7th Army Push started this morning. The Artillery Barrage woke us all up. The 3rd, 45th and 100th Divisions spearheaded the push which started at 1 A.M. It seems every plane in the 1st TAC is in the Air today. Heavy Bombers were overhead all day also. Latest reports state that the Push is coming along well. T/Sgt. Jurick left for Nancy today with Lt. Smith. They will be back tomorrow. Mr. Moran came out today with the Pay Book. We also received PX rarions today. 16 Sgt. Jurick returned from Nancy today. The KANSAS Men who attended school in Scotland returned to their Unit today. Lt. Smith stayed at Nancy, He is going on Pass to Paris. Very heavy Air Activity today. The weather is ideal for flying. Our Radar was very busy. KANSAS and VERMONT Men played softball against our neighbors the 514th AAA Bn. 17 Cloudy and cold today. Our Radar helped direct 7 "Eggbasket" missions this morning. Lt. Moran our Special Service Officer visited us today. There was no location in our area to hold the movie so we held it in a barn in town. The movie was titled "Buffalo Bill" and was enjoyed by all the Men. The R.A.F. passed overhead tonight. We could hear their bombs exploding faintly. Hundred of flares lit the sky directly North of us. 18 Clear and warm today. Very heavy Air Activity. Our Radar was busy from 6:30 A.M. to 8 P.M. Rumor is that we occupy everything South of Zweibrucken. Lt. Loreto went out with Lt. McCoy to locate a new site for KANSAS and VERMONT. 19 Clearand warm today. Another moving day today. The Radar left first and was immediately set up at the new site. Our new position is at Bettweiller. The town is all shattered and War-Torn without a Civilian in it. We are now about 2 1/2 miles from Germany. Our new camp was all set up by afternoon. Everybody was on the ball. Our planes reported hundreds of vehicles destroyed after their attacks on the Krauts retreating towards the Rhine River. 20 Cloudy and cooler today. Rumor is that we are to move again very soon. Our planes have no targets West of the Rhine. The whole 6th Armored Div. went past us today to the Front. It was a great display of strength. It looks like Big Doings are in the offing. Our Pilots report that the Krauts are using many Horse-Drawn vehicles. But they aren't immune to Air Attacks either. 21 Clear and warm today. We left Bettweiller this morning to travel to our new site. We crossed the German Border at 2:45 P.M. today. The German towns that we passed were shattered and uninhabitied. Everyone felt fine for our entering into Germany. We believe that KANSAS and VERMONT are the first Radar Units of the Wing to enter Germany. But this hasn't been confirmed as yet. We arrived at Zweibrucken our new site at 3:30 P.M. The city is still aflame from the bombardment it took, The city is really devastated. Capt. Guthrie arrived at our area an hour after we reached here. He brought T/5 Batt back to us who was on furlough in the United Kingdom. We received Orders not to set up the Radars since we would be moving again very soon. 22 Clear and warm today. We received further Orders not to set up for we are to continue further on into Germany. The Boy's spent the day playing sports, washing and catching up with their letter writting. The news is that the 6th Armored Div. and the 3rd Army linked up North of Kaiserslautern. Capt. Guthrie gave us a lecture on our conduct in Germany and the meaning of non-fraternization. Capt. Guthrie left us this afternoon. We are patiently waiting to move on. 23 Clear and warm today. Word came this A.M. for us to get on the road to proceed to our new site. Our route was a long and dusty one filled with many experiences. Cities such as Homburg and Kaiserslautern are evidence of our Air Might. These cities, railways and industrial sections are bombed to smithreans. We saw many dead horses along the way also many of the enemy dead. Walking along the roads were many refugees and foreign workers of Polish, Russian and French origin streaming back from the Front. These people were in a pitiful condition. An example of German cruelty. We arrived at Eisenberg our new site this P.M. There doesn't seem to be any establishmed Front Line, just pockets of resistance. In our immediate area are some 6th Armored Div. Half Tracks who are here for the purpose of clearing out Prisoners. They have received many Prisoners who came in from the nearby hills to surrender. During the trip to Eisenberg the Men of KANSAS and VERMONT saw first hand evidence of their work. Zweibrucken and Homburg were targets of our "Eggbasket" missions for the past 3 or 4 weeks. 24 Clear and windy. Our planes were seen out in great strength. The City of Eisenberg is in good shape and shows no evidence of the War. The Men enjoyed themselves this evening playing softball versus KANSAS. 25 Clear and warm today. Our planes out again in full strength. Our Radar broke down today, but was put in working order soon. We were off the Air 5 hrs. and 30 minutes, but we weren't needed at the time of the breakdown. Lt. Loreto received Word that he is now a 1st Lt. The Men all congradulated him. Softball was played this evening as well as volleyball. An Air Raid and the firing of Machine Guns woke us all up during the night. 26 Rain this morning but clear during the afternoon. Lt. Bodd dropped in to see us today, we were all glad to see him and congradulated him on his promotion. We received Orders at 5 P.M. to pack up and be ready to move to a new site by 7 P.M. Everybody got on the ball and we were ready by 6:45 P.M. We took the "Rheichs Autobahn" to the City of Worms on the Rhine. Our location is 1 1/4 miles from the Rhine. We worked by We moonlight and were all set up by 10 P.M. We have Artillery all around us. We witnessed a few short Air Raids. Machine Gun Tracers were seen firing across the Rhine. Our Big Guns were firing a Heavy Concentration all during the night. Tracers lit the sky throughout the night. It is a very noisy place. 27 Clear and warm today. Last night the 7th Army crossed the Rhine. The roads are packed with troops and equipment heading for the Rhine Bridge. Most of the VERMONT Men were busy finishing up the job of setting up of camp. Our present site is not as pleasent as our last site, the ground is all torn up. We have some large Artillery pieces behind us. They fire only at night. 28 Cloudy and light rain today. Our planes were flying cover over the Rhine Bridge and Beachhead. Our Radar is Operationg but we aren't doing anything due to the swift moving Bomb Line. The City of Worms is totally destroyed. It was a large Manufacturing City, but our planes stopped that quickly. There are now 3 7th Army Bridges over the Rhine. 29 Cloudy and rain today. Lt. Smith of KANSAS left for Nancy today to visit Hdq,'s. Our Radar is operating but mostly standing by. The Front is advancing too rapidly for us to operate ordinarily. 15th Corps left this morning to move over the Rhine. We will follow them in short order. 30 Cloudy and light rain today. This morning we packed up to cross the Rhine and join 15th Corps. Our destination was Bensheim. We crossed the General Alexander Patch Pontoon Bridge. We arrived at Bensheim to find that the Corps had advanced further on. We immediately set out again to join them. We arrived at our new site at the outskirts of the City of Gross Unstadt. Lt. Virelli was trying to locate us all day and finally locate us here. He brought our P.X. rations plus some long awaited Mail. Rumors are that there is a very strong German Pocket about 5 miles from here. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment Feb.- Mar. 1945 FEBRUARY 25 Today, our Boys and some of the ALABAMA Boys cleared and set up a volleyball court. When the court was set up a few games were played. --- Trailer was welded by the Ordance. They did a fine job. 26 Lt. Kerns visited on an inspection trip. Seemed fairly well pleased. -- Lt. Luna tried out the selsyn PPI drive idea and found the selsyns too weak to handle the load. Hasn't abandoned the idea as yet, though. 27 On notice from Hq., sent a vehicle into Nancy today to pick up PX rations. 28 Capt. Guthrie came out with the Payroll, and right on Payday, too. Brought along the happy news that Settle had been made Pfc., and that Hihm would be Pfc. as of tomorrow. Boys came back from Nancy with the PX rations. Brought cigars, beer and candy and stuff. The beer was the most interesting item. MARCH 1 Have received Orders to be Operational as of 0700 hours, every morning from now on, instead of 0800 as before. Guess that's one of the necessary evils which come with longer days. Imagine they won't let us off at night, either, till 1700 hours instead of 1600. 2 Lt. Moran came out with his projector. Put on a showing of two very good movies, "Mr. Winkle Goes to War" and "Destination Tokyo". Lt. Moran, with Cpl. Panza and Sriver, stayed over night. 3 Lt. Moran and entourage left for Hq. Ours had been the last leg of their trip. 4 Lt. Scott visited the Unit today in order to get a look at the Permenant Echoes. Didn't find many there, as this is just about the best site that we have ever had. 5 Normal camp duties. 6 Cpl. Cohen went in to Hq. today with Toland and Clark to carry in the reports and to bring in our PE-75 for repairs. 7 Major Ross visited the Unit, inspected, conducted a short arm and gave a short but good Sex Lecture. Cohen and crew came back from Hq. with a brand new model PE-75. Capt. Guthrie called this morning to inform Lt. Luna that his promotion had come through. That makes the third promotion on this Unit in a month. 8 Normal camp duties. 9 Normal camp duties. 10 Normal camp duties. 11 Normal camp duties. 12 Normal camp duties 13 Left Morhange and arrived at Altviller. Found quarters in a Schoolhouse one large room and two others, and a small room for the Kitchen. Set up Radar station and guard. 14 Five Men of an H/F Radio Unit have been attached to us for rations by Corps Controller. This morning, for the first time in 2 1/2 years, for some of us, we've had Corn Flakes and Milk, Evap., for Breakfast. Toland went to Hq. and came back with a fair assortment of PX rations. 15 It seemed that a total of 18 Men would be messing with us, so we are taking care of nine H/F Men in all now.---Mr. Moran visited the Unit to have us sign the Payroll. As usual, he stayed just long enough for you to realize he was there, and then he took off again. 16 ALABAMA was off the Air, so we set up a remote system to ALABAMA's VHF Radio for the Controller to be enabled to use the 602 for his Controlling Work. ALABAMA was on the Air, however, before we had a chance to try out this noble experiment. Bet it would have worked for everything but pinpoint bombing. -- Lt. Moran visited our Unit and showed a Veneral picture, a couple of GI shorts and a feature-length film, in Technicolor, called "Buffalo Bill". 17 Normal camp duties. 18 Normal camp duties. 19 Normal camp duties. 20 Normal camp duties. 21 About 1100 hrs. received Orders to shut down Radar station to move. Left Altviller at 1430 hrs. and on our way to Reyersville, a small town near Bitche. When we arrived there, found a small deserted and destroyed village in a valley entirely unsuited for a Radar site, so Lt. Luna went on to Bitche to get the lowdown, whille we had our Supper of K rations and Hot Coffee. When the Lt. returned, we went on to Bitche. Couldn't find a vacant building (Didn't Look Very Hard) so moved just outside of Bitche and set up pyramidal tents for the night. 22 Fixed flats as Lt. Luna and Lt. De Voto went looking for a better site, then found out that we were to stand pat until further Orders, so sent out truck out for rations. 23 At 1000 hours received Orders to move to Pirmasens. At 1120 hrs. left Bitche. Entered Germany at 1230 hrs. and had Dinner of K rations at the first town we hit in Germany as some of the Boys wanted it that way. Couldn't go to Pirmasens by the direct route, so we went by way of Zweibrucken. One of the bridges on the way from Zweibrucken to Pirmasens was out, so we had to take a detour. Stopped near Rodalben to make sure ALABAMA, who was following us at the time, wouldn't miss a tricky turn, and found that one of our tires was just going flat. ALABAMA went through and continued on the way. Our Boys got out for a break while the tire was being changed. They came out, of course, with Helmets and Carbines. Well, they must have presented quite a War-like appearence because, hardly had they hit the road when, on the hillside facing us, a white flag appeared and started to wave. When a second white flag, and then, out from behind a boulder came thirteen of Hitler's Supermen with their hands in the air. A passing Major spotted them also and asked us to help him round them up. We motioned them down from the hillside, and they came, slipping and sliding, their hands in the air. The Major's driver could speak German, so he directed them to line up along a wall to be searched, and then ordered them to turn around. Some of them did so, but others started shouting something that sounded like "Nix Kaput, Nix Kaput". We had no room to take them along with us on our vehicles, so the Major's driver pointed out the way to the nearest PW Enclosure, told them to stick strictly to the road, and sent them off. We figured that was the proper procedure, as we had been seeing unattended Kraut Soldiers walking and riding along the road all the way from the point where we first hit Germany. They seemed to be looking unsuccessfully for someone to take them Prisoner. -- We figure that we have credit for these Prisoners, as it was our first show of force, however innocent, which drove the Krauts out of their hiding place. --- Pulled out and arrived in Pirmasens without further incident. Reported in, and were told to be ready to take off again the next morning, probably for Neustadt. Pulled off to the side of the road and set up a hasty Bivouac. 24 This morning we left Bivouac Area outside Pirmasens for Neustadt. Arrived at Neustadt and awaited further Orders. Beat all except the Advance Party to the new Corps site. While waiting, the cooks set up the stove on the sidewalk and fixed a Dinner. After Dinner, ALABAMA having arrived, we found a site East of town where we made camp, set up the Radar, had Supper, arranged for the guard, and called it a day. Believe this is the first time since we left Miplaine in October that we've set up our tents in the usual way and lived in them. 25 Operational, but ALABAMA is not, so we're simply manning the Radar without Operating. A lone Kraut plane came over tonight, and buzzed our camp repeadly (Ceiling very low), but apparently never spotted us. We sweated it out, tho, as we made no attempt to conceal our campsite. Plane strafed a few miles away and dropped some light bombs. 26 Normal camp duties. ALABAMA still off. 27 Cohen and Toland went in to Hq. today, which is quite a trip in any Man's books. Went to bring in some reports which Lt. had been unable to make out in time to send via Normal Messenger Service. Also, to transact some personal business. 28 Received Orders to be ready to move at 0730 tomorrow, so packed just about all but bedding rolls and Kitchen. MICHIGAN and OHIO pulled in to take our place at this site when we should move. Toland and Cohen came back from Hq. with PX rations and a free issue of nine bottles of an assortment of Rum, Cognac, Vodka and Wines. The Boys belatedly celebrated their Thirtieth Month overseas. Half a dozen Jerry planes were in the area tonight strafing, but none of them came very close. 29 At 0630, we were having Breakfast whem we learned that we didn't have to be ready till noon. The trucks were already pulled into the field near our living quarters to be packed. Found that both trucks were stuck in the mud, so winched them out with the P/C and them packed them. Pulled out with ALABAMA fo Neustadt at 1130 where we joined a convoy of all XXI TAC vehicles attached to Corps. Took off. At 1715 we crossed the Rhine at Worms on the Alexander Patch Bridge, and went on to the town of Lambertheim. Went out to our site East of town. Too late to do anything, so slept in a Greenhouse for the night. 30 Set up the Radar. We using two small buildings for our living quarters. They had been vacated this morning by a Graves Registration Outfit. If our Boys had known that one of the GR trailers contained five stiffs, they may not have slept so well last night. All day long, saw a pall of smoke rising from the direction of Mannheim. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment Feb.-Mar. 1945 Prepared by T/4 David C. Purcell FEBRUARY 25 The set has been performing very well recently. Today we got three Hostile targets and a number of friendly ones. 26 This morning the set indicated small targets where nothing could be seen with the telescope. The targets moved slowly and our Operators did not call them in as targets. Apparently our set was not at fault because other Radars in this area reported the same trouble. 27 It is rumored that we will move soon. The road is still in bad condition and it will be quite a job to move the Van out to the highway. 28 Lt. Merblum was away all day on a sighting trip. The set is still performing very well. Observed some red and white flares to the N-E of camp at 23:00. MARCH 1 Our new site is to be a factory near the town of Dambach, a few miles North of Colmar. This area is believed to be Mined so our new site will need to be swept for Mines before we move in. 2 Capt. Guthrie paid the Unit today. We sent an Advance Party to occupy the factory building and discovered the French were moving in. However, we still expect to get the building. Sent the M-18 Generator to Ordance for a 500 overhaul. 3 The M-18 got back from Ordance last night at 23:00 and the set went back on the Air at 00:45 this morning. Tracked a hostile today. 4 Had a very busy day and picked up some flights of 50 plus A/C. Our set passed the 6,000 hour mark and is still performing well. At times we had a little trouble keeping our tracks identified with the mass of tracks of the IC. 5 An unusual event happened today when the set tracked a flock of birds from 4 miles into the station at 2,000 feet. Observed the birds through the telescope and it was seen that the set was tracking them smoothly. 6 Weather was poor and there was very little activity. We expect to move very soon. 7 Weather is still poor and little activity in the Air. Went off the Air at 12:30 in order to prepare to move. 8 Moved to Dambach. Because of the soft ground we had some difficulty moving the Van and the trucks out to the road. The Van arrived at the new location at 12:00 and went on the Air at 18:00 The set works very well but there are many PE's at this location. 9 The set is performing well but so far we have not passed many plots. 10 We are living in a French textile and dye factory near Dambach. We have set up a tent close by and can take showers with hot water. Before we arrived, the factory had suffered considerable damage from other organizations. 11 Capt. Guthrie visited the Unit and will spend the night. Operations very satisfactory but low flying targets are difficult to track in Automatic due to PE's. There has been some trouble with our landline due to the fact that the French frequently cut into the line and interrupt us. 12 Received sanitary inspection by Capt. Hillenbrand. Radio communications being hindered by bad noise in our receiver. The interference is not coming from the Radar. 13 Mr. Moran had us sign the Payroll. Capt. Guthrie left and Lt. Merblum went to visit Bn. Hq. Pfc. Hanson has been transferred out of the Unit. 14 Although the PE's at this location still give some trouble, our Operators are doing very well in spite of them. A number of Men have been slightly sick during the past few days. The most common complaints have been colds, sore throats and Diarrhoea. 15 Will close down tomorrow and send some parts to R.R.M.U. for salvage for IFF. Capt. Frazier inspected the Unit. Lt. Merblum returned from Bn. Hq. 16 Some large flights passed overhead tonight. There has been much activity in the Air today. IFF closed down and cables sent to R.R.M.U. for salvage. Radar performance continues to be good. 17 The IFF is still off the Air awaiting an exchange of cables. Capt. Hillenbrand inspected the camp and examined a number of Men. There have been a number of cases of Diarrhoea and stomach trouble recently. 18 The weather is good and there is much Activity in the Air. We passed an unusually large number of plots. 19 Had a little trouble with the Modulator but soon got it fixed. One of the largest raids that we have ever passed directly overhead this afternoon. Estimated it at over 1000 aircraft. Still having a little trouble with the French because they frequently break in on our landline and use it for administrative calls. 20 The weather is still good and there is much Air Traffic. 21 The IFF cables got back from R.R.M.U. but the IFF still does not work. It is probable that the antenna needs a completely new set of cables. 22 Sent the IFF antenna to R.R.M.U. for repairs. The landline went out of commision this afternoon. Static is very bad on the Radio remote. 23 The landline went back into Operation this morning. Lt. Moran visited us today. 24 The Generator (M-18) was sent to Ordance for a 500 hour check. Was returned tonight so we were off the Air most of the day. 25 The M-18 runs very well as a result of the 500 hour check and we had a very good day, considering the number of plots turned in. However, the Ordance broke some of the Generator leads and it was necessary to repair them before going back on the Air. 26 Radar performance is excellent but our Mechanic had to make a few more adjustments on the M-18. Apparently, Ordance had tried to adjust the governor and had done a bad job of it. 27 Passed only a few plots today. Poor flying weather is probably the cause of it. 28 Passed very few plots and those were probably Cubs. Apparently, bad weather has grounded almost all aircraft. 29 The cloudy weather of the past few days is showing some signs of breaking but we are still passing only a few plots. 30 The weather has been much better today and there has been a lot of Activity in the Air. The IFF antenna has been returned by R.R.R.U. and it now works. Three of the Men from ARIZONA were fired on this afternoon while out on Pass. While they were walking down the highway toward the town of Ebersheim, one bullet was heard to go by. After a few seconds a volley of a few shots passed by. The firing came from a wooded area some distance away so it was impossible to tell who was doing it. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA Detachment Feb.- Mar. 1945 Prepared by T/5 John G. Brewer FEBRUARY 25 Weather clear, considerable Air Activity, Normal Routine. 26 Normal routine. 27 Normal routine. Doc. Sommer finished work on new water trailer. He had found a better tank than the one we had been using, and after mounting it in the trailer cleaned and painted it. 28 Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge made this their first stop on their rounds with the Payroll. MARCH 1 Spring-like weather induced a game of volleyball between NEW YORK and ALABAMA. 2 Lt. Moran entertained us with a double feature after Supper and everyone, not on duty, stayed home. We used the Mess Hall for the movies and it was ample for both Units living in this building. 3 Normal routine. Weather colder again after a week of mild, Sunny weather. Three sets of volleyball with NEW YORK during the week resulted in a score of 2 to 1 in favor of ALABAMA. Lt. De Voto announced near completion of his new Plotting Table and took it out for installation. He says a piece of plate glass will finish the job. 4 Lt. De Voto and Pfc. Rowland drove into Germany in the neighborhood of Sarregumines in search of some plate glass for the new Plotting Table. Finding all the store windows smashed they contented themselves with two pieces taken from a show case. In addition to the glass they returned with a non-descript wall clock and a tall crockery Beer Mug. 5 Normal routine. Work continued on the Plotting Table. 6 Normal routine. 7 Capt. Guthrie phoned in the morning to tell Lts. De Voto and Luna that they had been promoted to 1st's. Pvt. Evanich, our second cook, in honor of the occasion, baked a most delicious cake for our two Officers and the Lts., in turn, responded by opening their Champagne for Supper. Major Ross arrived in time for Supper on his way back to Hq. The Plotting Table is declared Operational. 8 Normal routine. 9 Normal routine. 10 Normal routine. 11 Normal routine for the future badly upset by the departure for Scotland of 8 of our Men. 12 Advised by XXI Corps that we would be moving in a day or two. Such baggage and Kitchen stores as could be loaded were put aboard the trucks. By late afternoon it became apparent that we would be moving the next day so, after we closed down for the day the Radar was dismantled. 13 Left Morhange before noon for St. Avold reaching there the convoy pulled off the road while Lt. De Voto and some of the Men went ahead to locate the site and find suitable quarters. The site was easily found but scarcity of buildings presented a problem, however by 4 P.M. we had secured ample accomodations in a house on the main highway at Altwiller, about 3/4 mile from the site. This building required no cleaning as have all the others we've been in. 14 Radar was set up in the morning and Brewer went on to Hq. for PX and found Crean had returned from his trip to Paris with glowing reports of a good time. Harvey Hansen was brought out to substitute in the absence of Haskell and Jullie, our Radar Mechanics. 15 Lt. Colip returned to us after a refresher course in Scotland. Arnold Thomas also returned after some two weeks in England. He reported very poor accomodations and long delays waiting for same. He enjoyed his change of scene but says prices are so high in England that his activities were circumscribed. Lt. Moran brought his projector and gave us a nice evening's entertainment and stayed the nite. 16 Mr. Moran visited us with the Payroll and Lt. Cohen who had been our Controller in Lt. Colip's absence returned to Wing Hq. 17 Normal routine. The 584 is fully Operational including Lt's. Automatic Plotting Board. The Men are enthused by this new kind of Radar work but bemoan what looks like lack of co-operation in certain quarters. They feel a better job can be done. 18 Normal routine. 19 Normal routine. 20 Normal routine. 21 Sgt. Derrow left early in the morning for Hq. with the 2 1/2 ton truck and Lt. De Voto took Pfc. Rowland to the nearby 59th Evac. for treatment for boils. No sooner had the Lt. returned from the Hospital than Orders came from Corps Hq. to move today to Bitche. Derrow was recalled from Bn. and a 2 1/2 ton truck borrowed from the Bn. to replace the Personnel Carrier not yet returned from the Motor Pool. Capt. Guthrie had lunch with us but didn't stay. As soon as the Van was ready to leave an Advance party set out and the rest of us stayed behind to load the other trucks as soon as they arrived. By 4:30 they had arrived were loaded and were on their way. Arrived at our supposed site at Bitche after dark only to find that plans had been changed and that we would not set up. Some of the Men slept in the basement of a house nearby, and others slept in a pyramidal. 22 Corps Hq. clarified our position by saying that we should stay put for the day but be prepared for a move on the morrow. Brewer went for rations with NEW YORK back to St. Avold and was gone all day. 23 Following Orders to go to Pirmasens we were on the move again in twenty minutes and shortly found ourselves just a small part of a long line of vehicles and Men on the move toward Germany, which we entered at 11:30. We had the peasure of seeing the handiwork of the Air Force on many of the towns we passed thru. Just before climbing the steep hill to Pirmasens we had the additional thrill of seeing some dozen Germans file down out of the woods to surender. We had not gone far up the hill when we were stopped by G.I.'s coming down to warn us that Snipers had been active in the woods that day. We put on our Steel Hemets and unlimbered our Tommy Guns and felt - 660 - equal to whatever might happen. The hill was long and our progress was slow and except for one or two rifle shots in the distance we saw or heard nothing. Capt. Wright of the Corps Air Force met us in Pirmasens and told us to find a likely looking campsite for the nite and be ready for another early start the next morning. The day having been hot and the evening sky clear it was decided to sleep under the stars without benefit of tents. 24 On our way again by 0900 for another long, hot, and dusty ride through some most attractive scenery. There not being so much traffic as the day before, we made better time and arrived in Neustadt shortly after the noon hour. After a hasty bite, Lt. De Voto checked in at Corps Hq. and then went looking for a site. It was a long and hot afternoon waiting for him to return to the convoy. For reasons of security and for other reasons it had been decided to live in tents at the Operational site and so he led us to a huge grass covered field where we went about the work of setting up camp. By nitefall we had had chow and all were ready for bed. 25 The realization that this was Palm Sunday caught us by surprise, however the War must go on and so Brewer went back tp Pirmasens with the NEW YORK truck for rations and gas. They reported seeing close to 1000 Jerry Prisoners being hauled back to the rear and saw a large number of Refugees poking among the debris left by the retreating Germans along tthe roadside. 26 A busy day for ALABAMA. Sgt's. Polacek and Reker and Pfc's. Comstock and Bogumil arrived to supplement somewhat depleated forces. The specific reason for their temporary transfer to us was the arrival of Capt. Bixby with our new set in tow. Amid the ensuing confusion and excitement caused by these doings Lt. Virili arrived to pay Lt. De Voto a short visit. Air Office at XXI Corps notified that we were closing down to make the necesary changes. The Maintenance Men were busy until long after dark. A singe engine element of the Luftwaffe paid us a visit during the nite. He took no Hostile Action against us, contenting himself with orbiting our general area for some considerable time. 27 Work continued on assembling the new set. Two of Jerry's planes hovered over us again sometime after midnight, one of which did a bit of strafing nearby but didn't molest us. 28 The Radar Mechanics continued busy making adjustments to the new set. Word came fom Corps to prepare for moving the next day. MICHIGAN and OHIO arrived and set up in an adjacent field. 29 Orders originally called for an early morning departure but after Breakfast they told us to wait until noon. This gave us ample time to be ready immediately after the noon meal. In an idle moment Pfc's. Peach and Delaney entertained us with a water battle in which Delaney came out second best. Delaney and Evanich having picked up some batered Opera Hats somewhere gave us many a laugh wearing same about the camp. We rolled at noon and at 1703 hours we crossed the Rhine at Worms. Our destination being Lambertheim we arrived there about dusk and Lt's. De Voto and Luna scouted for our site and some place to sleep for the nite. Hard by the site was a Greenhouse with a roof reasonably intact and it was then well after dark we set up our beds in the Greenhouse and all hands slept soundly. 30 Came the dawn and Breakfast then tents were pitched for what we knew was another indefinate stay. Again the Radar Mechanics returned to their chore of getting the set ready to go on the Air. 31 Even before the cooks were up Lt. De Voto got Word to tear down immediately for another move. As soon as the Van was ready it went ahead with Lt. De Voto to find a site and the remaining Men and trucks left as soon as eveything was packed. T/5 Fratila heated C rations while the last tents were being packed and so by noon we were on our way for Erbach. While the cargo trucks waited in town Lt. De Voto sited the Van then returned for the paitently waiting Men. A country Hotel within 100 yards of the set was to be our home and the Men promptly moved in. Just as the Mechanics were about to begin their labors again Word came not to set up as we would be moving again in a day or two. HEADQUARTERS 582nd Signal AW Battalon APO 374 US Army 15 April 1945 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical AirForce (Prov), APO 374 US Army. (Attention: Historical Section) 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion for the period 1 March to 31 March 1945. a. Present designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: None. c. Strength: 57 Officers; 3 Warrant Officers; 947 Enlisted Men. d. Present Station; Nancy France (WU-850120) since 1 January 1945 e. Movements; None. f. Campaign; German -- still in progress. g. Operations; No change. h. Commanding Officers in important missions; No change. i. Losses in action; None j. Awards received during period; (1) T/Sgt Frank J. Polacek, Jr. (a) Award of Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious service in direct support of combat operations from 15 February to 15 April 1944. (2) S/Sgt Dale H. Tobinson. (a) Award Bronze Star Medal. (b) For Meritorious service in direct support of combat operations from 15 February to 15 April 1944. 2. Enclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 March to 31 March 1945. For the Commanding Officer: s/ Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant 1st Ind. G-0/1 HQ 64TH FIGHTER WING, APO #374, 20 April 1945. TO: Commanding General, XII Tactical Air Command (R) Noted. FOR THE COMMANDING OFFICER: s/ Wallace K. Oldfather WALLACE K. OLD FATHER, Capt., Air Corps, Actg Adjutant - 664 - Cite UniversitreWar Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn, Nancy, FranceMarch 1945 APO 374 US Army 1 Thur Weather fair and colder. Operations normal. The period begins with the morale of the organization good as a whole -- Regular mail service, excellent rations, and varied recreational facilities no doubt play a major role in maintaining this favorable standard of morale. This afternoon two test flights were conducted with Unit KANSAS. P-47's were directed and by the use of automatic plotting tables the exact moment was determined when the aircraft were to go into a dive and when to release bombs. Results of tests were very satisfactory. Lt. Merblum of ARIZONA has returned from a siting expedition. A site for the Unit has been found in the vicinity of Dambach just a few miles North of Colmar. The area is believed to be heavily mined trough and will have to be swept before the Unit can move in. A movie was shown at the Wing theater this evening, title --"The Doughgirls." 2 Fri Weather cloudy. Normal Operations. Two flights of P-47's today were directed over Zweibrucken by KANSAS Unit on "Eggbasket" missions. 3 Sat Weather fair and cold; slight snowfall in the afternoon. Weather is again becoming unfavorable for Air Operations and Units report that plots are beginning to fall off. WYOMING Unit is contemplating a move forward within the next few days. VERMONT Unit reports that they have seen what appeared to be P-47's strafing in the vicinity all morning. It was later reported that German Pilots were flying our planes and that a Hospital was hit. And we learn from KANSAS Unit today that "Thunderbolts," which are a common sight over the area and little attention is given them, came swooping down in pair strafing the roads making several passes on either side of the Unit; oddly enough fire did not seem to be directed at the Unit. Having done their dirty work and as they were fleeing homeward black crosses of the Luftwaffe were now noticeable, but too late. As a result of the strafing three trucks on the road were hit and an Engineer working on the road was not seriously wounded. A film was again shown in the evening, "Crime by Night," at the Wing theater. 4 Sun Weather cold and cloudy; snowfall in the morning. Operations continue normal. General DeGaulle spoke to a gathering in the town of Carspach, France a Unit reports. Personnel of WYOMING Unit stationed nearby visited the meeting. What impressions were received is not known. 5 Mon Weather continues to be cold. Units report Air Activity to be slight; other locations, MAINE Unit for instance reports that Air Activity in the section was heavy today despite adverse weather conditions. Two " Eggbasket" missions were directed over Homburg by KANSAS today. Lt. Moran and Cpl. Panza, Special Service, continue to visit the Units in the field periodically with movie equipment, other Special Service supplies, and reading material. The Units, especially those situated far from other sources of diversion, all welcome these visits. To these people even such unextravagant act of our Special Service are a boon, and a great aid in maintaining good morale. 6 Tue Weather cloudy and cold. Normal Operations. Units report slight Air Activity as a result of the recent unfavorabe turn in weather conditions. 7 Wed Weather cloudy and slightly warmer. WYOMING Unit went off the Air today at 1247 hours and will cease operation at WA-6092 to move to a new location tomorrow. T/4 Earle W. Brockman, S-4 Clerk, interpreter, etc. started a French class this evening. The turnout this evening was greater than was expected for the first meeting, and is promising of a greater attendance the next meeting which will be on Sunday. 8 Thu Weather cloudy with slight rainfall in the late morning and early afternoon. Normal Operations. More than the usual movements took place among our Radar Units today -- WYOMING Unit, after encountering considerable difficulty in maneuvering their vehicles out of the muddy area of their site moved to WV-7969 to become operational at approximately 2020 hours. --- ARIZONA Unit moved to Dambach today becoming operational immediately upon arrival there. Except for the many PE's in this area the new location is very conductive to efficient operation of the set. --- NEW JERSEY Unit this morning left Gouhenans and in the afternoon arrived at their new site, approximately 4 miles Northwest of Colmar. Five reinforcements, ex-Infantrymen, having arrived at Headquarters were given today to CALIFORNIA Unit which has lost five people to Infantry Training. 9 Fri Weather fair. Operations continue normal. WYOMING reported a fair day operationally despite the fact that their present location is not too good for picking up targets. 10 Sat Weather fair and cold. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made this morning; everything was found to the satisfaction of the Inspectors. Homburg and Zweibrucken being the targets, a total of eight "Eggbasket" missions were directed by KANSAS today. Not only are the Bombs dropped on merely the town on these missions, but definate targets are aimed for, factories, repair shops, etc. One target today was a supply train outside of Homburg. The results are beginning to be favorable since the Bombing is done from above the clouds results cannot be ascertained until reconnaissance photos can be seen. 11 Sun Weather fair and cold. Eight Men were called in today from OKLAHOMA Unit. The Men are to attend a Radar School in Scotland to study Close Support Bombing with the SCR 584. S/Sgt. Weber, T/4 Gassman, T/4 Konradt, T/5 Ward, T/5 Pourroy, T/5 Shannon, Pfc. Kralj, and Pfc. Chittenden have been chosen to represent the Unit. The Unit "Two Yanks Abroad" was shown at the Wing theater in the evening. 12 Mon Weather fair. Operations continued normal. Two more "Eggbaskets" were directed today by KANSAS, over Pirmassens and Neunkirchen. The Unit has been commended by the Corps; the Pilots flying on these missions directed by the Unit have the greatest confidence in their direction. ALABAMA Unit was advised today to be prepared, that they would be moving with the XXI Corps in about a day. The area of MAINE Unit was shelled today but the shells were dropping according to the report, `far enough away that they were not even noisy.' 13 Tues Weather fair and warm. Notification of appointment as 2nd Lt. in MAC of Sgt. William H. Tucker was received today. With the weather somewhat clearing up reports of heavy Air Activity are being received from Units. MAINE Unit began to train French teams in the operation of the station, station to be taken over by the French as soon as French equipment arrives. VERMONT Unit this morning began move arriving at Kulhausen in the afternoon. Soon upon arrival at their new site an Air Raid was experienced strength of enemy raid consisted of four planes. The Unit will be Operational tomorrow. Unit ALABAMA and NEW YORK left Morhange before noon today, and upon arrival at St. Avold a site was found with quarters accommodationa at Altwiller approximately three quarters of a mile from the Operating site. KANSAS Unit moved to a new site in Kulhausen today. The Unit is fairly well up in the forward area now; the Artillery is rather close by pounding away a steady barrage, and at times even small arms fire can be heard during the night, patrol action no doubt. 14 Wed Weather warmer; thick mist in the morning --Fair and clear in the afternoon. ARIZONA Unit reports that they have been experiencing no little amount of trouble with their landlines, interruptions etc. resulting when the French frequenty cut into the line. Also is reported interference by bad noises which hinders radio communications, and it is not coming from the Radar. The PE's are still giving trouble, but the Operators have adapted themselves so that they do very well in spite of interference from this source. 15 Thu Weather fair and warm. Movie today -- "Mrs. Parkington." Unit IOWA left Taxenne, their old site, and arrived late today at Rosieres Aux Salines. They will travel on to their new site, Bisserte, France, tomorrow morning. KANSAS Unit is complete again and Operating in full strength; personnel that had been sent to Scotland have returned, their period of training completed. 16 Fri Weather fair and very warm. Normal Operations. T/Sgt. Frank J. Polacek, Jr., and S/Sgt. Dale H. Robinson were awarded Bronx Star Medals per General Order #56, XII TAC, dtd 16/3/45. In the morning IOWA Unit continued on the road to arrive at their new site, Bisserte, France, at 1400 hours where Operations were soon set up. OHIO Unit is Operating in full strength again now that their people have returned from England having completed their course of training. Men of MICHIGAN Unit also returned today from England. 17 Sat Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. We have four Men from the 593rd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion attached now to the IOWA Unit to work on the F.M. which has been added to the Unit. Weather being not clear in the section services of KANSAS Unit were again required. The Unit is being depended upon more and more for pin-point bombing which usually has been reserved for clear days when targets are visible. As a result of this confidence more missions can now be accomplished. 18 Sun Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. VERMONT Unit today reports very heavy Air Activity. Lt. Loreto went out with Lt. McCoy to locate a new site for VERMONT, also for KANSAS Unit which Operates in conjunction with VERMONT. Beginning today Unit OKLAHOMA is to be Operational 24 hours a day reporting to "Chowline." The French training with the Unit will continue to work with them day and night. The SCR 188 is being set up for emergency communications in the event that the Land Line should go out. 19 Mon Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. Orders were recived at 1800 hours for MAINE Unit to go off the Air to prepare for movement. The Units VERMONT and KANSAS moved today to Dettwiller approximately three miles from Germany. OHIO Unit today moved to Hegeney, a site they had occupied at one time last December. The Unit is not being set up here because even now a site further North is being selected. In the evening the film "Unholy Partners" was presented at the Wing theater. 20 Tues Weather continues to be fair and warm. Operatons are continued to be normal. Several cases of Jaundice have popped up in the organization. Three cases from IOWA Unit alone are in the Hospital. 21 Wed Weather cloudy and there was rain in the morning; clear and warmer in the afternoon. The first day of Spring officialy, and ushered in by weather that is typical. The Units VERMONT and KANSAS again moved; leaving Dettwiller in the morning they crossed the German Border, the first of our Units to cross into Germany, at 1445 hours and arrived into devastated, uninhabited and still smoldering from bombardment Zweibrucken, Germany at 1530 hours. Since the Units will be moving further forward in a day or two they were instructed not to set up the Radars. ALABAMA Unit today received hurried instructions from the Corps Headquarters to move to Bitche. Upon arrival in Bitche after dark it was learned that plans had been changed; the Unit would not become Operational at this site, but would continue in a day on to Pirmasens, Germany. 22 Thur Weather fair and warm. Operations continue normal. OHIO went on the Air today. Movement is so rapid the 6th Corps has postponed another move until we can go directly into Germany. With advances on all Fronts, and Units of the organization having allready penetrated into Germany at some points we have again been reminded and further instructed as to what our relations with the German population are expected to be because, there is no doubt that soon we shall be in Germany where the policy of nonfraternization will be strictly enforced. The Wing Special Service presentation this evening was the film, "Ministry of Fear." A dance for the organization is scheduled for tomorrow evening, to be held in the Commerce Building of Nancy. Extension of curfew until 0100 hours has been arranged for with the Provost Marshal of the area to allow the Men ample time to get to their quarters after the dance which will end at 2400 hours. 23 Fri Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. MAINE and OKLAHOMA Unit today left Rosheim and moved to their new site where they will be located near Brumath. KANSAS and VERMONT Units were again on the road; after a long dirty ride they arrived in Eisenberg, their new site until further Orders. WYOMING Unit's Land Line went out yesterday at 1700 hours thus necessitating the use of radio for Operation which in this location due to enviorment is not very good. ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units again took to the road. Leaving Bitche in the morning they entered Germany at 1130 hours and arrived at their site in the afternoon, but not to become Operational yet for tomorrow they must move on to Neustadt. Enroute to destination NEW YORK Unit suffered the not uncommon mishap of a flat tire stopped near Rodalben to repair the damage from further ruin came to the tire. No sooner had the Men, who must have presented a fierce War-like appearance after their rough ride, dismounted for a stretch then did white flags begin to appear and to wave surrender all along the hillside. Soon from behind bolders and other cover came German soldiers tired and grimy with hands in the air; slipping and sliding on precarious footing down the hillside they came anxious to give themselves up. A Major, origin unknown, at this moment and with our assistance rounded the prisoners up. After being lined up against a wall when ordered to turn around facing the wall that they might be searched, the Germans evidently misinterpreting this move began to yell and shout for mercy,"Nix Kaput," or something to that effect, and that they didn't want to be killed. The prisoners were made to understand that they weren't going to be massacred and after being searched for weapons the way was pointed out to them to the nearest PW enclosure, and with instructions to stick to the road they were sent on their way, the fighting was over as they were concerned. The tire which had been almost forgotten was repaired and the Unit was again on its way, and everyone well satisfied with the days occurance so far arrived in Pirmasens without further incident. With our evening meal today we had doughnuts with the compliments of Red Cross. 24 Sat Weather fair. Operations normal. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. By 0900 hours ALABAMA and NEW YORK Units were moving on again; making better time due to the fact that there was less traffic than on previous moves they arrived in Neustadt early in the afternoon. At Headquarters the film "Murder my Sweet" was shown at the Wing theater this evening. 25 Sun Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. OHIO and MICHIGAN Units moved to Landau, Germany today; arriving at their new site in the late afternoon they were Operationally set up by 2030 hours. 26 Mon Weather fair and continued warm. VERMONT and KANSAS Unit this evening moved to Worms, Germany to a site about 1 amd 1/4 miles from the Rhine. Working by moonlight the Unit was set up by 2200 hours. ALABAMA received a new set, and closed down today to make the necessary changeover. A film, "Bowery to Broadway," was presented by the Wing Special Service this evening in the Administrative Building. 27 Tues Weather fair but slightly colder; slight rainfall in the morning. The 7th Army last night crossed the Rhine. There is heavy congestion of traffic on all roads leading to the bridge crossing the Rhine; troops, equipment and supplies must get across quickly as possible. Soon our Units will be crossing the river also. OHIO and MICHIGAN are prepared for another move which is to take place tomorrow. INDIANA Unit was instructed to prepare for a move, but at the same time word was received to remain at the present site until their new SCR-584 arrived. 28 Wed Weather cloudy. Operations continue normal. NEW YORK and ALABAMA Units received instructions to prepare for a move. MICHIGAN and OHIO Units arrived to take over the site being vacated by NEW YORK and ALABAMA. Recreational leaves of forty-eight hours to Paris have been suspended temporarily pending clearence of congestion in transportation facilities and are to be resumed at a later date. Furloughs to England have been, supposedly for the same reason, discontinued also. 29 Thur Weather cloudy with slight showers during the night. Operations are normal. VERMONT Unit reports that they are only standing-by; the Front is advancing too rapidly for normal Operation. The XV Corps with which the Unit is Operating crossed the Rhine today and VERMONT will follow, possibly tomorrow. Late in the morning NEW YORK and ALABAMA pulled out of Neustadt in a convoy and crossed the Rhine at Worms on the Alexander Patch Pontoon Bridge at 1715 hours processing on to their new site East of Lambertheim, Germany. A movie, "A Guest in the House," was shown by the Wing. 30 Fri Weather warm, cloudy, and there was slight rain in the morning. A move forward for the organization is pending the location of a new site. Lt. Col. Wilbert A. Speir, Commanding Officer, has gone out today in search of likely site in the vicinity of Edenkoben, Germany. Lt. Toske of OKLAHOMA has picked a new site in Germany and the Unit will probably move tomorrow. Preparations for movement have been completed. The destination being Bensheim, Germany VERMONT and KANSAS Units this morning crossed the Rhine over the General Alexander Patch Pontoon Bridge to join the XV Corps; upon arrival at Bensheim it was learned that the Corps had advanced further so the Unit proceeded on to Gross Unstadt to their new site just on the outskirts of the city. Another move to locate OHIO and MICHIGAN Units are strategically for Operation is contemplated; suspected destination to be in Mannheim. 31 Sat Weather fair. Operations are normal Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. Personnel were paid today. We learned today that the day of the next move is much nearer than was expected. Battalion Headquarters is to pack tomorrow, and proably will move the following day. An advance detail was sent out today to prepare buildings, quarters to be at the new location, for occupation. OKLAHOMA moved to just South of Offenbach, Germany. Operations were set up before dark. By noon today Units ALABAMA and NEW YORK were again moving; this time to Erbach which was reached late in the afternoon, but before the Units could start to set up at their new location word came that they would be on the road again in a day or two. OHIO and MICHIGAN got underway this morning; designation, as suspected, is Mannheim. Destination was reached by noon and soon after the Unit was Operating. COMPANY DIARY TEXAS War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. TEXAS Detachment April 1945 Prepared by T/Sgt. William M. Tucker, Jr. MARCH 31 No unusual occurance. APRIL 1 " " " " 2 Capt. Guthrie, 1st Sgt. Doerge, were here. All Men received their pay. 3 No unusual occurances. Still standing by awaiting Orders. 4 " " " " 5 " " " " 6 " " " " 7 No unusual occurances. 8 Received Orders to move to new site.9 Arrived and set up for Operations at new site, which is at R 3274. We are using 188 "Voice" for communication with "Baby". Lt. Erpelding was here on an Educational matter. Lt. Moran, Special Service Officer, was here and entertained the Boys with a motion picture, "Two Yanks Abroad". 10 Chaplain Treese, visited us. 11 No unusual occurances. 12 No unusual occurances. 13 Communications with "Baby", change over from 188 "Voice to landline. 14 Lt. Col. Rehr, visited and inspected our Radar site, and EM living quarters. 15 T/5 Fosmire, rejoined the Unit. Several of the Men attended Church Services at Hqs. 16 Capt. Fattel, Medical Officer, was here and inspected all the Men. 17 No unusual occurances. 18 W.O. Moran was here, all signed the Payroll. T/5 Denig, was taken into Hqs. Sick Call. 19 No unusual occurances. 20 No unusual occurances. 21 Chapain Treese visited us. 22 Received Orders to move to new site. 23 Arrived at new site, WN 3818, (Near Taubershofsheim). We are not Operating our own Radar set, but assisting INDIANA Team Operate, as several of their Men are attending School in England. 24 No unusual occurances. 25 Accquired a former member of the Polish Army. His name is Peter Kuczynski #UR 27L2L90. He is 38 years old, and formerly lived in Paw. Augustau Waj. Bialostockie, Poland. He was in Refugee Camp in Tauberbischofsheim. His duties will be K.P. 26 No unusual occurances. 27 No unusual occurances. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. MAINE DetachmentApril 1945 Prepared by Pfc. R. J. McHugh MARCH 31 Normal camp duties. Moved to Offenbach, our first station in Germany. It has been a long hard road, but now it is the home stretch. Due to the fact that the landline is not in and the Corps is to move, Radar was not set up. The French Army crossed the Rhine today. APRIL 1 Easter Sunday. The Catholic Men, and some of the Protestant Men attended a French Army Mass in town today. Then had a excellent Chicken Dinner to top it off. Lts. Woodling, Toske, and Leonetti went out to get a new site. 2 Moved 7to Speyer, right on the banks of the Rhine. The new site is a former Nazi airfield, and of course, everybody is busy taking a look. It gives the Men something to do now that it is no longer the thing to do to go to the nearest town for a glass of wine. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge arrived with the Payroll. No communications with the Air Ops. at Corps. 3 The new site is very pleasent. There is a firm sod that makes an excellent ball-diamond. The volleyball net is up. A number of Men went through town this afternoon, and all commented on the lack of damage, and the modernness of the town. Are waiting for the Line to be put in to Corps. 4 Normal camp duties. Pfc. Weimert is busy getting ready to go to Paris. The rations continue to be excellent for the past several days - Fresh Eggs, Meat and Butter in plenty. The French Crews arrived today, and are going to put the stations on the Air in the morning. 5 The stations were erected by the French today under the direction of one of the Crews. They did a good job, but were a bit rough in their handling. Corps sent out Word that we will move soon to a town N.E. of Karlsruhe. In the daily baseball game, OKLAHOMA evened the score by winning 11-2. MAINE had won the opener 8-5. We obtained a good supply of German `Pink Champaign' through the MG Office. - 677 - 6 Normal camp duties. Pfc. Weimert got as far toward Paris as Hq. only to find that it had been called off. SNAFU. There were several showers today, and a rather heavy rain at night. Today in addition to the regular chow, we had some very good sweet doughnuts. 7 The first week in Germany is closing, and the Officers went to hunt for a new site near Karlsruhe. The third in a week. The sets were dismantled in preparation to the move. The next site can not be as pleasent as this one had been. (Desibility of comments such as this are questionable. Is Unit Officer checking? - Facts not private Opinions)- 14 Set station up, with the French Operating. There has been more Air Activity in the past week than we have seen in some time. Again tonight the Germans had planes overhead, but the only A.A. seemed far away, must have been along the Rhine. 15 Normal camp duties. The Catholic Men attended a French Military Mass this morning. Capt. Guthrie visited the station today and brought the Mail out. Word was received that a movie is in the offing. Again Jerry had planes over, and again the A.A. was in the distance. It was a fine Spring day. 16 Normal camp duties. Capt. Guthrie left on his rounds this morning, and the Lts. went site hunting. The washing machine is doing heavy duty nearly all day every day. The French Crews have set up a Guard schedule in addition to our own. German planes were overhead again, and large formations of R.A.F. were over in the early morning. 17 Normal camp duties. Mr. Moran arrived this afternoon with the Payroll. Chow has been constantly good, but this evening was super. Chicken, topped off with Fresh Apples. Took Radars down this evening. 18 Mr. Moran left station this morning, and then we left. Moved to Wild-Bad. A 35 mile trip. The site is on the top of a 3000 foot peak in the Black Forest. It is a beautiful spot. Corps Air Office instructed us not to set up as we are to move again at once. Again, the German planes came over in the late evening, and Bombed and Strafed the road in the valley below us. The weather continued fine. - 678 - 19 Normal camp duties. The weather was fine all day. Lt. Woodling and Lt. Toske went to look for the new site. It is to be near the town of Nagold. The Air Office wants to use the VHF set with the 584 to Controll all missions the day they move, so we will not move until the day after Estelle goes forward. 20 Normal camp duties. Lt. Moran visited the station with a movie, and for a change, the performance went off without a hitch. The weather has been good for so long that we expect fine weather, and the same goes for the rations, we feel hurt if every meal is not just about perfect. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN Detachment March 31-April 27, 1945 Prepared by Karl Kroldart, Sgt. MARCH 31 Sunny and bright - moved today across the Rhine to Mannheim, Germany - WR 5995. The Sixth Corps sent us security guards for the protection of the station. APRIL 1 Mannheim Germany-Sunny and bright-began Operations today. Nothing else to report. 2 Mannhein Germany-Sunny and bright - nothing else to report. 3 Mannheim Germany-Sunny and bright-Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge out to pay the Men. We are moving tomorrow. 4 Sunny and bright-moved today to Mosbach Germany- WR9986. Nothing else to report. 5 Mosbach Germany-Cloudy and rainy-no change today. 6 Mosbach Germany-Cloudy and rainy-had 4 missions today, all went off very satisfactory. Capt. Guthrie out again today. 7 Mosbach Germany-Sunny and bright - Three ME's hovering over Area today nothing else to report. 8 Mosbach Germany - Sunny and bright - nothing to report. 9 Mosbach Germany - Sunny and bright - Jerry straffed Area tonight. - Nothing else to report. 10 Mosbach Germany - Sunny and bright. Colonel Jackson and Major Davidson out to the Unit today. Jerry straffed again tonight. 11 Mosbach Germany - Sunny and bright - Jerry straffed in Area again tonight. - Nothing else to report. 12 Mosbach Germany - Sunny and bright - went to base today to draw PX rations.- Nothing else to report. 13 Mosbach Germany - Mr. Moran out with payroll. PX rations distributed today. MICHIGAN and OHIO played the Air Ops in softball, winning with a score of 17 to 2. 14 Mosbach - Cloudy and misty - Had two missions today. One at Backnang and the other at WS 3859. Both went off well. Tonight MICHIGAN and OHIO played the Air Ops in softball and beat them 10 to 9. Jerry straffed again tonight. 15 Mosbach - Cloudy and misty - We had rather a busy day, Controlling six "Eggbaskets" all on either Hall or Backnang. MICHIGAN and OHIO played softball and MICHIGAN won again. Jerry straffed again tonight and the Boys took to the Foxholes. 16 Mosbach - Sunny and bright - Capt. Frazier out to the Unit today. Received Orders to tear down and prepare to move tomorrow morning. Nothing else to report. 17 Sunny and bright today - Moved to Ohringen at WS 3070 - set up and started Operations. Capt. Frazier out to inspect the new camp site and Operations site. 18 Orhingen - Sunny and bright - Operations going on usual. Capt. Frazier and Major Davidson out to inspect again this morning. Capt. Bixby out to Unit today and stayed overnight. 19 Orhingen - Sunny and bright - nothing to report. 20 Orhingen - Sunny and bright - Received Orders from Halfbake to tear down set at noon. They later called and said to hold up until evening. Lt. Moran out to show movies and brought out magazines. Prepared to move tomorrow. 21 Moved today to WS 3834 and set up for Operations. We may move tomorrow. 22 Moved again today to Goppengen and set up for Operations. We moved again into buildings after sleeping in tents for the past two weeks. 23 Goppengen - Cloudy and rainy - nothing to report. 24 Goppengen - Cloudy and dull - Lt. Virili went out today to look for a new site. Moving tomorrow to WX 5183. 25 Moved again today to Blauburen and set up for Operations. Six Corps sent the security guard to our Area. - 681 26 Blauburen - cloudy and cold. Red Cross from Corps out and brought magazines, Slip Sweaters etc. Had Mail Call today the first in nearly a week. 27 Moved gain today to Baubenhausen but did not set up for Operations for Corps is moving again tomorrow. The guards during the early hours of the morning caught three Jerries, a Captain and two Enlisted Men. 28 Moved today to Kaufbeuren by 1630 and set up at Jerry Airbase located very near Austrain border. Boys helped process PW's in hanger next to us. 29 Kaufbeuren - Sunny and cold - Operations going on as usual. Lt. Verili, S/Sgt. Ziemba and Pfc. Bosetti left today for Scotland to attend School. Doc Bogan arrived at Unit today. Prepared to move again tomorrow. 30 Cloudy and cold - Moved to Partenkerchen the seat of the 1932 Olympics. We stopped at Steingadenn but Corps said that they were moving again tomorrow so we went on to Partenkerchen. We moved into a home with all the modern conviences. Did not set up for Operations. War Diary, 582th Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 MARCH 31 Moving Orders this morning. While packing, Geroianni was watching a high-flying A/C passing South heading West. Suddenly he yelled, "Hey, Look That one dropped three of them." We looked and listened, deciding he had been kidding, and resumed our packing. Then - Wham, (One of them must have been a Dud.) --- Left at 1100 hours for our new site which was to be near Erbach. Lt. De Voto had gone ahead to find a site, and we were to meet him at Steinbach. A few miles before we reached Steirbach, the motor in our Radar Van froze up due to a shot maim bearing. The rest of the vehicles went ahead to town, left their trailers there, and came back to tow the Radar Van in. Soon after we were all together again. Lt. De Voto came around to tell us he had found a site, and a Hotel to boot. We followed him in, using the same double-portage system. Found that the Hotel wasn't quite large enough to accomodate ALABAMA and NEW YORK as well, so we set up our tents in the shadow of some trees close to the Van. Had a tough time winching the Van up to the tie, as it was a tough hill, and muddy ground. In fact, without the help of the D/F's winch we wouldn't have made it. Broke our P/C winch in the attempt. (The cable. I mean. It has since been repaired). Set up camp, but not the Radar, according to Orders APRIL 1 Easter Sunday. Boys were lucky enough to find a Chaplain, and could fulfill their Easter Duty. Lt. Luna spent the entire day trying to find a replacement for the Kaupt motor. Finally convinced there wasn't one this side of the Rhine, and spent the whole afternoon trying to get in touch with Bn. Motor Pool. Finally did, and received a promise that the motor would be on its way this afternoon. Don't know how they'll find us, though, as he couldn't disclose our location over the phone. 2 0030 hours, there was some strafing of the roads in the valley. At 1000 hours the Wrecker was still not here, so Geroianni and Toland disconnected the motor so that soon as the Wrecker did arrive, we would be able to replace the motor and take off. ALABAMA and associated stations took off today for the new Corps site at Hardheim, and left us alone. 3 Wrecker arrived just before Dinner. Could not climb the hill to our site since it had rained the night before. Backed the Wrecker down to the Hotel driveway, and hauled our Van down to it. Packed everything except bedding rolls, and then moved down to the Hotel, in order to be able to move more easily in the morning. 4 New motor comletely installed and tested about 1100 hours, and took off at 1300 for Hardheim, fully expecting that Corps would have again moved. Sure enough, Corps had moved to Tauberbischofsheim. Followed them there, found ALABAMA, which had arrived this AM, and set up near them. Radar Operational, but didn't have time to get to work. ALABAMA wasn't yet ready, anyway. 5 Capt. Guthrie arrived and payed off the Unit today. Still being payed in Franks, but it doesn't really make any difference, as we can't traffic with the Krauts anyway, and so have no use for Marks, or for anykind of money, for thar matter. Lt. Scott visited the Unit and wanted a PE diagram in a hurry, as he comntemplated putting a 270 hereabouts. Due to Operations, which naturally have priority, couldn't finish the PE chart before he took off. 6 Normal camp duties. The "Luftwaffe" seems to have put in a belated appearence around here once in a while. 7 This evening an enemy A/C flew over and circled town while the Ack-Ack, 50 caliber, tried to reach it. It was just above their fire and seemed to know it, as it circled around anywhere it pleased, and took off when it was good and ready. We wished there some 90 mm's around as, at the speed it was going, it would have been shot down like a clay pigeon. --- Some of the Boys went into town to see a show held by 21st Corps. 8 Normal camp duties. 9 Normal camp duties. 10 Normal camp duties. 11 Czarnecki duty to Hospital as of this evening. Probably Malaria. --- Some of the Boys found a shower unit in town, and we're all taking advanage of it. 12 At 1750 hours, Received Orders to pack up and be prepared to move tomorrow, so tore down the Radar set and packed up part of the Kitchen supplies. 13 Left Tauberbischofsheim. Arrived at Ochenfurt about 1300 hours. Ate a dinner of C rations while Lt. De Voto was out looking for a site. When Lt. De Voto returned, we took off for the site on a hill overlooking town, and set up Radar and camp. --- Had received Orders to set up a combined Mess with ALABAMA upon moving to this site, so proceeded to do that. We all feel that the new setup is going to work okay. 14 Our cooks and guards going on duty every second day, alternating with ALABAMA. Combined Mess operating smoothly. 16 Late this afternoon we were told to prepare to move so we packed the Radar set and part of the camp. As Lt. Luna was taping some wire, he heard the sound of a bullet quite near and saw it hit the dirt about twenty feet from him. Then he heard another bullet zing over his head. He ducked behing a bunker and called for some Men with Carbines. He motioned some of us to go around and over either side of the hill. After coming to the top we found some G/I's about 1/2 mile away on another hill. The Lt. attracted their attention by firing two shots into the ground. They came up and claimed that the shots which had come near the Lt. were fired by another group of hunters on another hill. The sounds had come from the direction of the other hill, so we released them -- in the direction of their camp. Could not spot the hunters on the other hill, so called it a day. --About 2100 hours, we heard the guard shout for someone to get the Fire Extinguisher. We all came running out of our tents to find that the Lt's. tent was in flames. Some of the Boys pulled the tent away from where it had been in order to save as much of the equipment inside as possible. Put the fire out with the Extinguishers and covered almost everything with dirt to keep it from igniting again during the night. Lt. picked up some spare blankets and went to sleep with Lt. De Voto and Lt. Colip, ALABAMA's Controller. 17 This morning Lt. Luna looked through all the damaged equipment to see what could be used and what could be salvaged. He found that besides the tent his bed roll, nearly all his class "A" Uniforms and belongings were destroyed. The Company Chest saved the Unit records and other papers, Altho they were singed a little. Last week's reports, though, were destroyed. Typewriter, Mail and other equipment which had been in boxes were untouched. --- Packed everything and were about ready to pull out when Orders came in not to move, but to wait, as we were, fully packed, for further Orders. As we waited, the cooks took out the stoves and fixed a Chicken Dinner. As we waited, we finally decided that it would be impossible to pull out today, so started to prepare to spend the night there. A couple of tents were put up, but most of the Boys set up their cots out in the open, some under Shelter Halves and others under tarps strung from the vehicles. 18 Tonight enemy A/C were heard strafing down in the town nearby. Still only half set up, insofar as the camp is concerned, and still unable to get permission to move to the next site. Guess they haven't taken the town yet. 19 Moved to Rothenburh and set up near a stone quarry. Tonight enemy A/C was heard strafing a highway a short distance North of here; It had most of the Boys out in a ditch nearby until he went away. Whenever the Boys heard an A/C overhead in the night, the lights go out --That seems to be done quite often nowdays.20 Normal camp duties. 21 Normal camp duties. 22 Told to pack up and be ready to move tomorrow morning, so packed the Radar. Lt. Moran arrived with a movie called. "Crime by Night". We didn't have a room large enough to have a showing in the area, so a farm a few hundred yards away was picked as the place to show it. 23 This mornig we left Rotherburg and arrived in Crailsheim, heard we could not go on to the new site at Aalen, and so were to stay in Crailsheim for the night. We pulled up near some empty buildings and picked out our own rooms in a couple of the buildings - Most of us sleeping in the soft beds in the houses. 24 After Breakfast, left Crailsheim. Arrived in Aalen and pulled up to our site outside of town. Set up our tents as living quarters in an orchard near a farmhouse. Set up the Radar a few hundred yards away. 25 Normal camp duties. 26 Packed camp and left Aalen for Dillingen on the Danube. While the P/C went back to Drailsheim for rations, with explicit instructions on how to find us at our new site, we weren't happy at the idea that circumstances forced us to send them out at this time. Arrived at Dillingen and set up camp. Ration truck arrived at 2200 hours. We had to wait a couple of hours in order to draw Fresh Meat. --- Lt. Woodling and Lt. Toski visited Unit, and gave us news that we were probably to leave ALABAMA to go back across the Rhine and work with ARIZONA. --- Tonight a Kraut A/C came in very low and must have been shot up pretty badly judging from the amount of Ack Ack that was thrown at him. However, he didn't fall. To most of us, it looked like an ME 210. 27 Normal camp duties. We found, on a 1:50,000 map, that we had the honor of being Bivouaced astraddle the "Little Danube". To us, it looked like a creek, which was very convenient for wash and rinse water, especially for our sadly-neglected laundry. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn, KANSAS Detachment April 1945 Prepared by S.L. Hasley, Pfc. 1 Unpleasent weather and uncertainty as to just where the Front Lines are have kept us pretty much on a stand-by basis. The way Spearheads have been moving, planes almost have to see their targets to make sure there are no American Troops in the vicinity. 2 This morning we controlled an "Eggbasket" on the town of Lohr, the first mission we've had in several days. 3 More rain today, so we had no flights. Long convoys of all types have been passing along the road near us. The German Civilian Population must be rather amazed by the show of Military Power they have been seeing lately. A number of transports have flown overhead, carying gas to the Front. Tonight some of us went to a movie at Corps Headquarters. Pictures have been few and far between for us lately. 4 Captain Guthrie and Sergeant Doerge came out with the Payroll today and spent the night with us. After Supper, we received Word from Corps that we are to move in the morning, so we began work tonight, taking down the Radar and packing the equipment. With these frequent moves we have developed quite an effective system. By doing the heavy part of the work the previous evening, we are able to get a fairly early start on the road in the morning. 5 Today we moved to the town of Lohr, arriving there about one o'clock in the afernoon. This place was oficially taken only about 24 hours ago and there are evidences that there was a good bit of Street Fighting here. Prisoners are still being rounded up and periodic shots can be heard in almost all directions. Our site is just outside the town of Wombach, about two miles from Lohr. It's on the side of a hill and overlooks a very pretty scene, with the Main River and clusters of Red Roofed Houses in the valley below us. This evening we took our first Prisoner. He came walking into our camp a little while before dusk, dressed in civilian clothes which he had obtained in a vacated house down town. Apparently hungry and fed up with existing conditions, he just wanted to give himself up. So, we accomodated him and turned him in to the P.W. enclosure. 6 The Air-Cooperation Line is a good distance from us now, and targets are almost too far for us to hit with any degree of accuracy. We did control an "Eggbasket" over the town of Nunnerstadt but because of the distance involved, the "Bombs Away" signal had to be given by dead reckoning. 7 This noon we learned that we are to be moving again tomorrow. First plans were for us to leave this afternoon but it was later decided to wait until the morning. "VERMONT" and "ZEBRA" went today, however, so we were alone for the night. 8 Today we moved to the town of Bad Bruckenau, arriving there just in time to eat Supper at Corps Headquarters. They are moving on further tomorrow so we were told to merely stay for the night and be prepared to move out again first thing in the morning. We drove up to the hill where VERMONT had been set up and merely put up enough tents to sleep in for one night. 9 We took off again this morning, this time for the town of Hohenroth. Our site is on top of a little hill just outside of town. Corps is at Neustadt, about two miles from us. Millions of tiny flies met us at the area and proved to be a bit of a nuisance while were setting up the camp. 10 It rained quite heavily all day so there was no Air Activity at all, consequently, no Operation for us. 11 We stood by all day but had no missions. The Lines are moving quite rapidly again, so we probably shall not be here very long. This evening we went to a "Jeep Show" at Corps, put on by Bobby Green, now a Pfc. in the Army, and three other G.I.s. The first live entertainment we've seen in quite some time. 12 The Air Cooperation Line has moved out of our reach again in so, as we expected, the Order came through tonight for us to get ready to move in the morning. Packed up and then went down to Corps expecting to see a show. At the last minute it was cancelled, so we came back to camp and went to bed. 13 On the road again, moving South-East to the town of Eyrichsof. We have been struck by the fact that most of the villages we've been passing through lately seem to have been practically untouched by the War. Very few houses or buildings have been hit by Bombs or shells. The only real sign of War is the White Flags fluttering from the windows. Our camp area is on the top of a very high hill with a complete view of the countryside in all directions. This afternoon, 12 German planes, the largest number we have seen together for some time, were overhead, and did some strafing down in the valley. Then tonight, more planes were over, dropping Bombs and strafing. Fortunately, they didn't cut loose too close to our immediate vicinity. They did wake us up several times during the night, however. 14 We tracked a few flights today but did no Controlling. The main objective now is the City of Bamberg and a number of planes are operating in that area. Some more German planes were over us today and tonight but didn't cause any particuar trouble. It seems almost like the old days in Africa to see "Jerries" working overhead. 15 Today we moved to the town of Bamberg, a fairly large city, part of which have been quite hard hit by the War. A number of buildings in the center of town are wrecked, as well as factories on the outskirts. Several times during the afternoon and evening, German planes were over us. A few Bombs were dropped on the other side of town but none in our immediate vicinity. 16 Right beside our camp site is a group of buildings which used to be a factory and warehouse for "Doodlebugs", tiny remote tanks which, were touted as one of Hitler's Secret Weapons. In typical G.I. fashion, a couple of fellows from some other outfit have got one of these machines working and have been riding it all over the fields. There are a number of Artillery pieces in the factory, also. So far, no one has fired one. 17 We moved to a spot just outside of the town of Erlangen this afternoon. "KANSAS" and "VERMONT" are now running a combined Mess, so we set up a large Kitchen and Mess Hall in a hanger which contained several brand new Gliders. For living quarters we put out tents around outside of the hanger. 18-20 The weather has been very clear and we have not been used for any Directing or Controlling these last few days. Beside our area is a camp filled with newly liberated War Workers, mostly Russians and Poles. There a number of factories around here, and just a short distance up the road is what used to be a Training School for German Soldiers. It is very complete, with barracks, classrooms, shops, as well as all types of guns, tanks, trucks, etc. The way things have been strewn around testifies that the place was evacuated in a hurry but there are not evidences of a defensive fight having been put up. Men of an Ordance outfit have had one of the tanks rumbling around the yard, and Cub Pilots have had one of the Gliders up in the Air. Seems that if a thing isn't fastened too tightly to the ground the American Army will move it. 21 This morning we got Orders to move to the town of Schwabach so we packed up and were on the road right after Lunch. Passed thru the City of Nurnberg, which has been the scene of huge yearly Celebrations by the Nazi Party. Today, the Americans had their own Celebration there and raised the Stars and Stripes over the City. Our site is about ten miles from Nurnberg and we are set up in a big field, just after we arrived it began to rain very heavily and continued all night. We did manage to get everything pretty well set up, however. 22 This morning we Controlled two "Eggbaskets" on the town of Weisenberg, the weather clearing just about long enough for the flights to be run. 23-25 The weather has turned very cold, almost as bad as winter, and it has been raining almost continuously lately. There have been no flights up so we have not been in Operation; just standing by. Lt. Moran has been out with a movie, and we have seen one or two pictures at Corps. 26 Another move, this time to Monheim. The Radio Team left first so that the V.H.F. could be put on the air while Corps Radio was being moved. The rest of the Unit followed about two hours later. 27 Lt. Smith, T/4 Taylor, and T/5 Kamps left today to attend the School in Scotland, where they will be for about a month. This evening we started a little volleyball tournament, splitting up into several six-Man teams. Began the first series of games but they had to be called account of rain. 28 This morning we moved to the town of Rain. Set up the equipment but the Lines are quite a distance from our position, so we probably will not be of much use here. The main objective now is the City of Munich which is being surrounded. 29 After a stay of only about 18 hours we moved again, this time to Aichach. The town was taken just a few hours before we entered. We have our quarters in a big warehouse containing a great deal of canned foodstuffs meant for the Wehrmacht and Volksturm. The War has come through here so fast that the people don't seem to be able to realize yet just what has happened, and they don't know how to act. The owner of the building seemed to think that he should receive compensation for our taking it over. The German mind is a strange thing. 30 Another move, this time to Dachou, about 12 miles North of Munich. Do not expect to be here very long and we were told that the set did not have to be our on the Air. We found a brick factory which makes decent enough living quarters for the short time we shall be here. Thousands and thousands of bricks are stacked up outside and more are in the process of being baked in huge ovens. Industries here worked right up to the time of our arrival. Even the electric power is on. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. ALABAMA Detachment April 1945 Prepared by T/5 John G. Brewer 1 Easter Sunday and a nice bright day but Orders to move to more effective the next day so everyone took it easy and those who had a Hotel bed made the most of their opportunities. Harvey Habson returned from the Hospital and T/4 Reker went back to his own Unit. 2 The day's destination being not far there was no early morning scramble and we were on the road a bit after 0900. There was some discussion about the best site available near Hardheim but it was decided that the Van would be sited only few yards from a newly built barracks. There was ample room for our Men and those of the attached D.F., H.F., and VHF. Crews Lunchen was a bit later than usual and during the eating thereof some dozen Jerry Fighters circled our valley; they committed no Hostile Act but our own Ack-Ack guns made plenty of noise for awhile. Our site was near an abandoned stone quarry and as isolated a spot as we have had for some time, but the view was good. 3 What looked like a weather proof structure turned out to be a leaker during the many showers of the day. Hardheim being too far behind the Lines to be effective for our work we were alerted to be ready to move again the next morning. Evanich made doughnuts after Supper for Breakfast and the next day's journey. 4 While Lt. De Voto was looking for a site with Capt. Wright two enemy planes flew overhead to be greeted by fire from both Ack-Ack and truck mounted Machine Guns. The first imitation of danger we had was the Gun-fire and we wasted no time diving for cover away from the vehicles. Another hill-top site was found and although we are living in tents again we have a building for Kitchen and Mess Hall and the Radar set is again close by. This place looks loke a pre-War hunting and Gun Club. We found a lot of well-shot up pistol targets, pits for moving targets and the catapaults for skeet shooting. Evanic and Delaney went for rations and returned with the following mouth-watering groceries; Fresh Eggs, Fresh Meat, Fresh Butter, Bread and Eating Apples from the state of Washington and a case of "Post Toasties". We had been dining on C rations and ten in one's since crossing the Rhine and so these luxury B rations were most welcome. 5 Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge visited us and paid us off. We were amused to see Capt. Guthrie sawing fire wood to keep Lt. De Voto's tent warm for the night. 6 Normal routine, Rainy and windy, a nasty day. 7 Normal routine. Very strange, no Orders to move and the Men are doing the laundry that has been piling up. German planes came over the valley at dusk and were shot at but the light weight Ack-Ack missed badly. Addenda:- Monday afternoon, 2 April we were visited by Col. Jackson, 64th Fighter Wing; Gen. Barcus, 12th TAC.; and Gen. Webster, 1st TAF. 8 Normal routine.  9 Normal routine. 10 Normal routine. 11 Normal routine. 12 Normal routine, upon receipt of Word the night before that our School Boys were in Hq., Val Delaney and Dick Peach went in for them and brought back our PX rations at the same time. Just after Supper Word came to prepare to move the next morning and while that work was going on we heard that Movie Star Mickey Rooney was in town with a Special Service Unit. Those who were free to go said his show was amusing and he looked as natural as on the screen. His show was short and not long after we returned to camp our long absent Brothers drove in and had with them two Men fresh from the States for security guards. Bed time was later than usual because of the bull sessions with the returnees. 13 Ochsenfurt, our destination, being not too far away our preparations for leaving were not hurried and we arrived at our new site early in the afternoon. First thing done was erection of the Combined Kitchen with NEW YORK, per Capt. Guthrie's orders. After chow Mr. Moran arrived with the Payroll and stayed the nite with De Voto. 14 Breakfast had not been over more than one minute than Sid Robertson and Fred Conley were besieged to start cutting the hair that had grown so fast in their absence and could not be cut in a Civilian Barber Shop because of the non-fraternization order. Bailey, one of the two new Men, said he had been a Barber in Civilian Life so he was impressed to help the other two and by nitefall most of us were looking respectable. First softball game of the season was played with NEW YORK after Supper. Being an opener, only one game was played and ALABAMA won, 2-0. 15 Normal routine. 16 Routine normal. Just before Supper hour Word came that we should be ready for another motor trip the next morning. After the twilight softball game, all that could be loaded was packed up. 17 Lt. De Voto went ahead with the D.F. and 584 Vans to have a site for the station by the time the other caught up with him. As the last of the Men were ready to climb aboard the trucks a call came from Corps Hq. to sit still until further Orders. Because of the threatening weather there was some concern as to when and where we should meet up with the Van wherein our bedding was loaded. Sgt. Robertson made several calls to Corps Hq. in an endeavor to effect a meeting with the Advance Party but to no avail. The Advance Party returned shortly after we had eaten a C ration Luncheon. Most of the Men prepared to sleep in the open but those who glanced skyward decided it would not be too much trouble to pitch a pyramidal. 18 Sat around in the Sun all day waiting for Orders to move and more softball between ALABAMA and NEW YORK. 19 Moved to Rothenburg and set up our camp in an abandoned stone quarry which looked like good shelter from the Jerry plane that had been scouting our position every nite for more than a week. He came over as usual and straffed a nearby road; the nearness to the stone walls made the sound of gunfire louder than usual. 20 Normal routine. 21 Weather turned bad in the afternoon and with no prospects for better weather the next day; it was no hindrance to us in receiving the anticipated Order to move tomorrow. 22 Last nite's Orders to move cancelled nor was any one sorry for the weather continued bad with snow, sleet, and Sunshine competing for predominance. 23 A dark chilly day without much rain and we spent the nite at Crailsheim. 24 On to Aalen and while Lt. De Voto went looking for a site we ate our C rations along the road side. When he returned he reported that the Front Line Infantry had eaten Lunch there just a few hours before our arrival. By nitefall our tents were pitched in an orchard and the Radar was ready to go on the Air. One or two Jerries were heard after dark and the vapor trails of our Bombers were clearly visible in the moonlight. 25 Normal routine. Sun warm but the air cool and the scenery fine. 26 Lt. De Voto left ahead of us with the Wire Officer and we were to meet him just outside of Dillingen. Part of the cross country route chosen by the Corps was an uncomfortably dusty ride but otherwise uneventful. The anticipated stop in the outskirts of Dillingen didn't materialize and it was somewhat surprising to have the convoy continue to the site and there find De Voto at the head of the column. He had picked us up as agreed without stopping us and so the whole Operation made this convoy the smoothest and best handled to date. 27 Normal routine. Lt. De Voto, T/5 Thomas and T/5 Zentarski alerted to go to Scotland; T/5 Margaritonda told to prepare for Furlough in Paris. 28 Sgt. Derrow and Pfc. Rowland drove the above four into Bn. Hq., they left shortly after Breakfast. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment Mar.- Apr. 1945 Prepared by T/4 David C. Purcell MARCH 31 The Unit was paid by Capt. Guthrie. The Captain, 1st Sgt. Doerge and driver will spend the night with us. APRIL 1 A number of Men went to town to attend Easter Services. We had an excellent Dinner. 2 Several Men went on Pass to Strassbourg. It is thought that we will move soon so this was their last chance to see the City. 3 Received Orders to move tomorrow. The #584 was shut down at 08:00 and we got everything ready to move. 4 Moved to Bn. Hq. It is near the town of Edenkoben and North of Landau. 5 Eight Men left this afternoon to go to School in England. They were: S/Sgts. Salluzzo and Baldwin, Sgt. McCray, T/5's Kovener, Foley, Little and Cambre, and Pfc. Pelster. They had expected to leave tomorrow but their Orders were suddenly changed this afternoon. 6 We are still in Bivouac near Bn. Hq. It has ben cold and rainy all day. 7 We are still in Bivouac near Bn. Hq. Several trips have been made to R.R.M.U. and the set is ready to go on the Air at any time. 8 Turned in our Generator (M-18) and got another one. The old M-18 had been run about 3,000 hours and the new one has been run less that 1,000 hours. 9 Moved this morning and set up near DAKOTA. We are to Operate only during the day. Since eight of our Men are going to School in Scotland, we do not have enough Men to Operate day and night. 10 Went on the Air this morning and the set is working well. This site seems to be very good. 11 The weather is good and many large flights have passed through this area, both today and yesterday. Mr. Moran brought out the Payroll and both ARIZONA and WYOMING signed it. 12 Due to the fact we are not allowed to associate with Civilians, everyone is now doing his own laundry. As a result we have to make water runs more often than before. 13 A few Hostiles came over tonight and did a little strafing and Bombing but we were not molested. 14 Tonight there was another Hostile Aircraft. As well as we could tell they dropped Bombs and did some strafing but none of it was done near our camp. 15 The set has been performing unusually well. Tracks are being picked up at all heights and in almost all directions. Our personnel Carrier is in Ordance, probably with a blown gasket. 16 Lt. Merblum borrowed a projector and film and we had a show. Some of the Men then went to DAKOTA and saw another show. 17 We received some German pork along with other rations. Our cooks had the job of butchering the whole carcass. 18 Lt. Moran brought out his projector and showed us several films. 19 WYOMING and ARIZONA have combined to Operate our #584. At present, WYOMING's #602 is off the Air. The shifts have been arranged so that some of ARIZONA's Men will be on every shift. The ARIZONA Men will have the job of teaching thw WYOMING Operators how to use the new set. For the first time Civilians have begun to come near our camp. Our guards have had to force a number of them to leave the area when they tried to come too close to our camp. 20 Capt. Guthrie visited us and gave Orders to wear Helmets and Gas Masks. 21 There was a severe wind storm today and a number of our tents were nearly blown down. 22 T/5 Pajaczkowski suffered a painful injury to his arm when he fell on a tent peg. 23 Lt. Merblum went to Paris for a few days. A stage show visited ARIZONA and WYOMING and turned out to be one of the best shows that we hae seen since we left the USA. We also saw a movie. Pajaczkowski visited the Dispensary because of his injured arm. 24 Had a number of visitors today. Capt. Vogal made a sanitation inspection. Lt. Col. Riha also so made a brief visit. The Chaplain dropped in and raised our morale when he said that he thought we have a good chance of going home before so very many months. 25 Several Men were seen parachuting to earth a few miles to the East of camp this morning. The plane from which they jumped was so high that it could not be identified. It may have been either a B-24 or a B-25. At least five parachutes were seen. 26 Maj. Ross inspected the camp this morning. 27 Lt. Merblum returned from Paris this afternoon. Went off the Air a little while tonight because of a bad Klystron. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment Mar. 1945 Prepared by James Celli, T/Sgt. MARCH 31 At 08:00 our MICH. & OHIO convoy gets underway. Few miles short of Ludwigshafen, we bring the vehicles to a stop and waited for Lt. From, of "HALFBAKE", as was pre-arranged yesterday by the Officers. Approximately twenty minutes later, Lt. From makes his appearence & the convoy, again, gets in gear. We motored through the totally destructed town of Ludwigshafen and found ourselves facing the Pontoon Bridge spanning the Rhine. Our crossing into Mannheim was made at 10:08 hrs. After an hours wait, a site was selected & the convoy preceeded to it new location and camp was erected. In the evening an enemy plane heard caughing up a volley of bullets but the distance was not so close as to cause any excitement in camp. At 18:00 hrs., 6th Corp sent out eight Men as security guards for the MICH. & OHIO Units.Whether this added protection is to be permenant is not knwn at the present time. APRIL 1 Easter & Fool's Day makes quite a combination, but in no way compares with the memories of those enjoyed in pre-Pearl Harbor Days. The true facts are many were astonished to learn of the Holiday. Unimpressively, Easter completed its hourly schedule & as much can be said for the Unit's War Diary News. 2 Inclement weather prolonged the monotomy of a very boring day. A German Bivouac provided the Unit with an electric washing machine. The machine has been put into operations but it does not hold the spot light for today's news. 3 Capt. Guthrie calls on the MICH. - OHIO Units with the monthly Payroll sums. The Commanding Officer amused himself with photos of our washing machine & shower set-up. He inspected the German trailer that we brought to camp today to be converted into a mobile Kitchen. In the evening, Lt. Virili, informs us that the Units will be prepared for a move in the morning. Radar Van is moved to the Bivouac Area & readied for tomorrow's trip. 4 MICH. - OHIO Units move out at 08:00 hrs. on the nose. Three miles before Mosbach the convoy is held up while a site is selected by Lt. Scott. A satisfactory site was found, approximately four hours later, high on a windy hill overlooking Mosbach. Radar immediately erected but waiting for Orders to go on the Air. 5 The morning Crew worked hand in hand with MICH. in Directing a mission. The target area was a road junction that probably got congested with Jerry vehicles. Our Carpenters spent the entire day building stands & shelves for our mobile Kitchen. The Kitchen is a beaut & should cut down moving & setting up time. The rains came early in the evening & was responsible for most of the Men retiring early. 6 Our Men spent a busy morning & afternoon handling "Eggbaskets" & missions. Contrary to all opinions, the site proves to be ideal for our purpose. Atmospheric conditions favored the afternoon Crew & their reports state that once a flight was observed beautifully on the PPI & was only lost when it got beyond our range. In the late afternoon, the Men completed the final touch-up job to the mobile Kitchen but their morale went into a tailspin when Lt. Taylor informed us that Capt. Guthrie had decided that all Radar Units working together would have a Combined Mess. Nevertheless, we intend to make use of our Kitchen and hope that the cooks can feed all the Men without setting up an additional pyramidal. Meeting this evening to check on the condition of the Gas Masks & to discuss the S.O.P.'s received recently. 7 Moving the Kitchen supplies into our mobile trailer is the only event that was out of the ordinary. The weather was so perfect that it held Radar Operations down to practically nothing. 8 There wasn't much Radar Activity in our area but we did hear on the intercommunication phone of one of our Battalion G.O.'s reported 10 ME 109's flying in the vicinity of Heilbronn. 9 We had no mission to handle today but `Fix' flights kept the Radar Crews busy for the entire day. The Men were on their way to see a movie at the 112 Evacuation Hospital, (40 ft. from the MICH.Bivouac Area) when a burst of fire was heard overhead. One Jerry plane was having the time of his life strafing the vicinity. The plane fley directly over the Radar & Bivouac Sites a number of times but valued his ammunition for more important targets. Approximately an hour before the strafing, a plane was observed disintegrating in mid air in the North but we were lacking more details on the matter to give an accurate account of the incident. 10 The main event for the day was the inspection tour made by Colonel Jackson. The surprise visit came in the evening but, nevertheless, proved to be a very satisfactory one. The Colonel was free with his praise and compliments concerning the appearence and Military Manner of the Unit. We were complemented on our last inspection but the breaks were in our favor today and this, without a question of doubt, has surpassed any of our previous inspections. The Bivouac guard pulled the light switch at 21:00 hours and a minute later Jerry zoomed overhead spitting tracers in the direction of the Pontoon Bridge which lies a short way from our site. No information is available concerning the outcome of the strafing. 11 Radar activities kept in high gear by `Fix' plots. Our planes forged a superway overhead in going to & from their targets. A beautiful day & perfect for the Air Corps. 12 Mr. Moran is out with the Payroll & spending the night with the MICHIGAN Unit. We made a special trip to Hq. for PX rations & to check on our many supply requisitions which seems to go on & on without the ncessary action being taken. Evening softball game brought an end to a not too hetic day. Midnight Radio flash announced untimely death of Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt. 13 `Fix' plots are still responsible for the activity taking place on the Radar Unit. Our mobile Kitchen was made flyproof by screening on the windows and door. Accomodations provided for the cooks' comfort by installing an air conditioning vent. Lt. Taylor, who made a special visit to Bn. Hq. to check on supplies, returned with a number of items which have been requisitioned for a number of months. Another softball game terminated activities for the day. 14 Radar Activity was fairly active in the early morning due to bad visibility. There were several `Eggbaskets' and many `Fixes' for the day. The Army's Non-Fraternization Policy was made it necessary to make arrangements with the Military Gov't of Mosbach for a Civilian Barber. The day ended with a softball game with MICHIGAN and OHIO versus `HALFBAKE'. Major Davidson took the mound for `HALFBAKE' and turned in a remarkable game of pitching. It was a tight game to the end with the combination of MICHIGAN and OHIO coming our on top by one run in the last half of the nineth. At 23:00 the guard pulled the switch for the lights because our usual Nocturnal Visitor was overhead. Some strafing on the River near us. 15 T/3 De Selms went to Mosbach the first thing this morning for the Barbers that Lt. Taylor had made arrangements for. The Barbers worked at production speed and were returned to town before noon. Fix flights dominated activities on the Radar Unit and there were a few `Eggbaskets'. The day ended with several `Eggbaskets' just befoe dark. Two of the later `Eggbaskets' were in the vicinity of Backnang. Events brought to an end by the usual OHIO and MICHIGAN softball game. 16 Today there was not much in the way of Radar Activities but several unidentified flights were picked up and turned in to `HALFBAKE'. No information was received from `HALFBAKE' concerning these suspicious flights. Sgt. Lape and T/3 De Selms took the Personnel Carrier in to Motor Pool for repairs. Lt. Armstrong has agreed to furnish a driver and Personnel Carrier to substitute during the interval that our vehicle will be delayed for repairs. At Bn. Hq., Sgt. Lape was informed that We, T/5 Jack Lutz and Pfc. Richard Piper were to be ready to leave on the Paris trip in the morning. Sgt. Lape put in an immediate Phone Call through to the Unit when the Battalion driver arrived with the Personnel Carrier at our location. He took time out for chow and started back with T/5 Lutz and Pfc. Richard Piper. `HALFBAKE' informed us to go off the Air and prepare for a move in the morning. 17 At 05:30 preparations for today's move began. After Breakfast of Fresh Eggs, the Men completed the packing of the vehicles and at 08:00 hrs, our convoy got under way. The trip from Mosbach to Omringer, area of the new site, was uneventful. Arrived at proposed site about noon and almost immediately it seemed the cooks had Hot Coffee from the new Mobile Kitchen. Radar Crews began erecting the Unit and was ready for Operations at 14:45. Major Davidson and Capt. Frazier spent the entire day with the MICHIGAN and OHIO Units. 18 Radar Operations limited to a few number of `Fixes'. Major Davidson & Capt. Frazier makes the rounds of the Radar Unit & camp grounds. No comment was made concerning the inspection but we feel that it was in par with the one that Colonel Jackson found so satisfactory. We were informed by Major Davidson that we would be denied security guards due the scarcity of available sentinels at Sixth Corps. 19 Very little Radar Activity for the day. Only a few fixes and no missions. 20 No missions but several fixes today. At 10:20 `HALFBAKE' called to prepare for a move this afternoon. At 11:10 after beginning arrangements for a move we received Word that the move for the afternoon was cancelled. Tho during the afternoon we continued packing cargo truck and general preparations for move. Lt. Moran arrived just in time for a very good Supper after getting lost following 6th Corps signs. The signs for the move tomorrow were up and he passed up our site the first time. At 19:00. altho still Operating, preliminary tear down of Radar was started at Capt. Howard's Orders. The days Activities were ended by a softball game. For the most part MICHIGAN versus OHIO. Lt. Moran played for OHIO with Lt. Taylor umpiring the game. In the evening Lt. Moran showed a picture show on a neighboring farm in the cow barn. 21 This was moving day. Consequently we got up at 6 AM and commenced tearing down the camp. We left this camp site at 08:00 hours and arrived at 12:00 hours. This new camp and Radar site was at the North East edge of Welzheim. The grove of trees were good protection in the sudden rain and hail storm that came up before camp was completely set up. At 02:00 hours we had "C" rations and Hot Coffee. As Radar was close to being completely set up Major Davidson drove up and said hold everything we move again tomorow. Set was tore down and packed up before dark upon confirmation of the move tomorrow. 22 Camp was started being torn down at 06:00 hours. Breakfast at 07:00 hours. The rainy weather of last night caused several vehicles to be stuck this morning. It took the 2 1/2 ton truck and Personnel Carrier and most of the Men to push the Kitchen trailer up the firt incline. All were on the road and rolling by 09:00 hours. Arrived at Goppengen about 11:15 hours and after a short wait for Lt. Virili who was locating the site we finally arrived at the site at 12:00 hours. Here we were to live in what had been German indoor Training War Grounds. It had terraced landscapes in miniture with minature guns, tanks, etc. Nice set up with all the rainy weather and little snow of today. 23 This was a day of everyone resting and straightening things up, cleaning of personal and personnel equipment. It was a slack day of activity at the Radar. They did have several fixes but again a day of no missions. In the late afternoon there was a rumor of another move tomorrow but it turned out to be false. 24 Several fixes and no missions was the Order of the day again at the Radar. There was a couple of unidentified flights picked up and turned into `HALFBAKE' but no report was received on them. In the middle of the afternoon we received Word that there would be a move tomorrow. At 20:00 hours we tear down the Radar. This was after being told by `HALFBAKE' that we were thru for the day. This was followed by peliminary packing and loading of vehicles. 25 This morning we were up bright and early and on the road with the convoy at 07:30 hours. This was the result of living in a building and not having to worry about tents. Today it seemed that our road went up and always up. The trip was eventful in only one respect the Personnel Carrier had a flat. Also the Carrier was stopped immediately upon hearing the tire go out it was in bad shape. Our new site was reached at 10:00 hours and the Radar was ready for the Air before noon. Also the camp was set up by this time. We had a nice place for camp this time. It is in a grove of trees with a grassy heavy sod which makes good floors for the tents. The Carrier immediately left in a return trip as usual with MICHIGAN's P/C being in Ordance. - 705 - 26 Today there was only `fixes' on the Radar. Today at 14:00 hours the fellows on leave to Paris and the one Man with the P/C at Headquarters returned. Sgt. Lape, T/5 Lutz, Pfc. Richard Piper were on the Paris leave and Pvt. Perugini was at Headquarters. At 21:00 hours received Word to tear down Radar and make preparations to move tomorrow. At 23:00 hours set was down and camp partially packed. 27 This morning we were told to pack except our tents. Leave them until further Orders. It was not long till the further Orders came and we left this area at 09:15 hours. We reached the Danube at 12:00 hours. We crossed it just outside of Ulm where the Engineers had a very good bridge already up. Altho we had several flat tires we reached our destination at 14:05 hours and pulled up just outside of town at a field to wait further Orders. This town was called Badenhaufen. About 16:00 hours we received Orders to pull into town to a hall that was requistioned and put up for the night. After the camp was settled for the evening and the evening meal was eaten there were several fellows to be seen fixing the flats that had happened during the day. 28 As the camp finished up its packing Lt. Virili, S/Sgt. Ziemba, Pfc. Beosetti left for Headquarters with T/4 Dowd driving them in. While T/5 Jack D. Lutz & Pfc. Clarence L. Crabb were on guard (03:00 hours) on one side of the area they captured three Germans, one a Officer, that was trying to enter a Weapons Carrier parked in our area. The Carrier belonged to the Radio Link Group who were staying in the same area. Two MICHIGAN Men came over & helped in the disarming & delivering of Prisoners to the PW Cage near-by. About nine AM the convoy was again on the road headed for Kaufbeuron. Arriving here we had Hot Coffee and C rations while waiting Word of where to set up. At 15:00 hours we pulled into the airport just outside of town where the Radars were set up on a taxing strip at the edge of the field and the camp was in the closest hanger. In the next hanger the Jerry Prisoners were being held till shipment to a rear area. More coming in and going out all the time. Set (Radar) was set up but not Operational. As soon as set up of camp was under way Sgt. Lape & T/5 Rodock left to get rations. Gas dump moved in just across the way in front of the hanger. 29 Set was Operational and on the Air at 10:30 hours. The late afternoon there was rain with snow and sleet mixture. Capt. Howard, at 20:00 hours, gave the Order to pack up there would be a move tomorrow. The tear down and preliminary packing of vehicles began. 30 This was another moving day. Getting under way in the morning with the packing the convoy was rolling at 09:00 for Steingaden. We arrived here shortly after the noon hour to eat a belated meal of "K" rations. The trip was uneventful except for the meeting of so many German Prisoners along the way. Some walking along with no guards but a white flag flying. We pulled into a field near town and the Officers, Capt. Howard, and Lt. Taylor looked for a place to stay while waiting further Orders. The Men kept fairly comfortable under these conditions by building a large bonfire out of logs. Near 1600 hours we received Word to proceed to the town of Partenkirchen before putting up for the night. The road to this town led over some fair sized hills with plenty of snow to be seen, also snowd on us going over one pass. Here again we spent some time out side of town in a field while the Officers were looking for a place to spend the night. Also we had another meal of `K' rations, with Coffee. At 1830 hours we moved into town to a large warehouse to spend the night. Here we had Hot Coffee with a bit to eat at 21:00 hours. We are just here for the night with only bedrolls and cots unpacked. Further Orders tomorrow. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. VERMONT Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 MARCH 31 Cloudy and windy. Our Radar on Air but just standing by. An enemy Jet-Propelled Aircraft was seen streaming through this P.M. All the Men were amazed at it's terrific speed. Very rough wind today. Late during the night strafing was heard very near our camp. It seems a lone German plane was strafing the highway. APRIL 1 Windy and cold. Easter Sunday was observed very quietly by the Men of VERMONT. The only Easter parade we saw (or were interested in) was our convoys of Tanks, Artillery and Planes going up. Most of the Men attended church Services held by the Chaplains of the 93rd Evacuation Hospital. 2 Rain and cold today. Very quiet day. The only unusual happening was seeing another of Jerries "Jet-Push" jobs. 3 Occasional rain and very windy. An "Eggbasket" was attempted today, but the range was too great and it went uncompleted from our end. Some of our Men met some British Paratroopers recently liberated from German Prison Camps at the local shower unit. The English Boys were all skin and bones, their story was an interesting one and full of German atrocity. The Paratroopers wish they were allowed to guard German Prisoners in England. We hope they get their wish. 4 Cloudy and cold. We were notified this evening that we are to be ready to pull out by 9 A.M. tomorrow morning. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge visited KANSAS and VERMONT today. They came with the Payroll. 5 Light rain and cloudy. We left Gross Unstadt this morning for our new site, Lohr. The road was a long one and marked with many interesting sights. We reached our site which was a poor Radar location and set up in the rain. Lohr and the surrounding hills are still infected with stray snipers and Krauts. 6 Cloudy and light rain. 3 "Eggbasket" missions were tried today. Only one was half-way successful due to our poor site. One German soldier dressed in civilian clothes walked into camp from the woods to give himself up. Amerspek, Jurick and Soto quickly got rid of him bringing him to the 3rd Div. P.W. Cage. A common site in town is seeing Jerries with hands high or holding white cloths being escorted by a Wary G.I. The civilians of Lohr show a cold indifference to the dead German Soldiers lying in town. 7 Clear and warm. The Radar is standing by but isn't of much help due to the location. Harrell, Koehl, and Krieger uprooted 2 German Soldiers in the woods nearby, this morning. They were promptly given a free ride to the P.W. Cage. Last night many of the Men attended a movie at 15th Corps. We were notified to pack up and get on the road this P.M. KANSAS wont move till tomorrow because they have a truck in Ordance. We were on the road by 1:30 P.M. and arrived at our new site Bad Bruckenau. We set up camp in the dark on top of a high hill. 8 Clear and warm. We aren't setting up the Radar here in Bad Neustadt because we are to push on again very soon. Col. Jackson visited our Unit today, but most of the Men were at a USO Show at 15th Corps. The Show starred Marlene Dietrich and was enjoyed very much by all the Men. Later in the evening the Men were guests of a Tank Destroyer Bn. for a "Jeep Show" starring Bobby Breen. It was a day filled with entertainment. KANSAS Unit pulled in this evening. 9 We left for our new site Bad Neustadt early this A.M. Lt. Smith and Lt. Loreto left earler for they are going to pick a site in absence of Lt. McCoy our Siting Officer. Our camp was immediately set up on our arrival and the Radar put on the Air. As of this morning our Front is 6 miles away. 10 Clear and warm. The Radar was standing by all day. Our planes filled the sky throughout the day. Most of the Men were busy washing clothes. Volleyball was played. 11 Clear and warm. Radar standing by. They don't need us at present because of the swift Moving Front and clear weather. Some of the Men were busy working on the German trailer converting it into a mobile Kitchen. Our present site here in Bad Neustadt is situated in some beautiful country. This evening an enemy plane was heard strafing nearby. By the tracers we saw that he was attempting to hit a bridge in the vicinity. These raids continued throughout the night but were unsuccessful. 12 Cloudy and light rain. Lt. Smith of KANSAS left for Hdq.'s this morning. Our mobile Kitchen was completed today and looks very fine. This change simplifies our task of moving and saves us much time. We were notified today that we will pull out tomorrow morning for our new site. 13 Cloudy. This morning the Men heard of the death of our President. It was shocking news to hear. The Men as a whole were stunned and felt quite bad about it. We all mourn over the loss of so great a Man, our Leader. We arrived at our new site in the vicinity of Ebern this P.M. We are situated atop a hill near a "Cub" Landing Field. The Radars were put on the Air immediately. We had a very good meal for Supper, the best in weeks. This afternoon the German "Luftwaffe" showed up in raids of 12 planes per raid. There was plenty of excitement with the sky filled with Ack Ack. The enemy planes split up and attacked roads and bivouac Areas. One Jerry swooped for our camp, he didn't fire though but sure did disperse us. This raid was followed by another of the same strength. One plane was shot down. The planes were F.W 190's. This evening the enemy filled the sky all night long. Flares were dropped in scattered areas. The Jerries dropped many anti-personnel Bombs and strafed all roads. This continued all night long. They were quite low for the night was very dark. We felt sure we were to be blasted as they buzzed our camp unknowingly. No Ack Ack was seen so the enemy had a field day with no one to bother him. 14 Cloudy. Mr. Moran visited us today. He brought the Pay book with him. A few enemy planes flew over our vicinity but didn't trouble anyone in the Area. Mr. Moran joined us in some volleyball this evening. Word came that we will move tomorrow. 15 Cloudy and cold. Lt. Loreto left earlier this A.M. with Mr. Moran to pick a new site. The outfit pulled out at 9:30 A.M. We arrived at Bamberg at 12:00 P.M. We set up on the edge of town near a "Cub" Landing Field. One enemy "Jet" plane flew over us and was fired upon by the nearby Ack Ack. Bamberg was still burning on our entry. 16 Clear and warm. A very nice day. Mr. Moran left us this morning. Our scheduled "Eggbasket" mission was called off due to the clear weather. The Boy's played an M.P. outfit in a game of softball and lost, but won in a volleyball game. Capt. Schuma visited us this evening. We held a physical inspection for all the Men. 17 Cloudy. We left for a new site this morning. We arrived at Erlangen and set up near a Prisoner of War and Foreign Workers Camp. Erlangen was taken yesterday. Capt. Guthrie visited us today. KANSAS and VERMONT now have Combined Mess. During the night at intervals enemy Aircraft was heard stafing in the vicinity. 18 Clear and warm. Radars standing by. We have a good location for the Radars and quarters. We have a close glimpse of the pitiful state of the Workers and Prisoners held by the Germans. Lt. Loreto and Lt. Smith negotiated for the services of 2 French Workers at the camp to work for us as K.P's. The usual enemy Air Activity action occured this evening. 19 Clear and warm. Radars standing by. Everyone washing clothes today. Lt.'s Loreto and Smith tried to locate C.I.C. for the purpose of securing the French Workers but couldn't locate it. Enemy Air Activity as usual this evening. 20 Clear and warm. Lt. Smith left for Hdq.'s today. He took our cook Pfc. Soto with him. We were sorry to see Soto go. Soto is to go to ARIZONA Unit. Many of the Men went to a movie at 15th Corps this evening. Most of the Men were kept busy today with the usual camp duties and details. Word came today that we will move tomorrow to a new site located South of Nurneburg. Enemy Air Activity was more intense tonight. 21 Cloudy and rain. Lt. Loreto left early this A.M. to pick a new site. The convoy left for the new site this morning. We passed through Nurnburg which plainly shows the effects of War. We arrived at Schwabach this afternoon. We set up in the rain. It rained very bad during the remainder of the day and night. Enemy planes flew overhead during the night, even though it was raining, but didn't disturb our vicinity. 22 Cloudy and rain. The City of Schwabach is virtually undamaged. We are set up in the fields at the edge of town. Weather too bad for flying. 23 Cloudy and cold. Many 3rd Army Units are moving in this sector. A 90 mm AAA outfit is now set up near to us. Weather is still too bad for flying. 24 Rain and cold. We had some snow flurries today. Very cold. No planes in the Air. Yesterday evening the VERMONT-KANSAS baseball team played against the nearby 3rd Army AAA team. We lost by a score of 5 to 2. The 583rd QM Bath unit is stationed in town. Many of the Boys took advantage of this. 25 Clear and warmer. Radars standing by. Bomb Line appears to be beyon reach now. We saw some new A-26 Bombers escorted by P-38's today. Word was received that we will move tomorrow. The baseball team played a double-header today against this same AAA team. Revenge was sweet. Our team that played in the afternoon won by a score of 7 to 0. The team that played at night won by a score of 16 to 3. Our ball team is shaping up pretty well. "Zebra" the D.F. station working with us helped home a plane in distress. 26 Clear and windy. We all packed up and moved this morning. Lt. Smith left early with KANSAS to pick a new site. VERMONT's Radar left early with a Crew. The rest of VERMONT awaited the repairs of the cargo truck which was finished by 12 P.M. We are set up atop a hill overlooking town. Lt. Smith received Word to return to Hdq.'s with some Men to attend School in Scotland. He is leaving tomorrow morning. Some of our Men claimed they saw 9 German Soldiers sneaking through the woods. A bunch of the Boys immediately set out looking for them. 27 Occasional rain and windy. Capt. Schuma visited us today and gave the Boys Immunizations. The Bomb Line is moving very rapidly. Rumor is that we would move again tomorrow over the Danube River. A movie was attended at Corps Hdq.'s by Men of both Units. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. CALIFORNIA Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 Prepared by R.D. Barnes, 1st Lt. MARCH 31 Inspection was made in the afternoon by Lt. Koziol and quarters and Area were in general Good Order. Routine duties were performed during the day. Weather was windy but partially clear. APRIL 1 Easter Sunday: Men who wished to go to Mass were taken into a neighboring town where services were conducted by an Army Chaplain. Weather was clear and warm. Organized German resistance was reported to the West of our Camp Area. Men were warned to increase their alertness. 2 A strong wind came up in the morning and around 1000 hours the Kitchen tent fell. It was re-erected and larger stakes were used. Tent fell once more before the wind finally subsided. Capt. Merrill arrived in the afternoon with the Payroll and stayed overnight. An EM liquor ration was distributed in the evening. This amounted to approximately .4 bottles per Man. 3 Lt. McCoy, Siting Officer, visited the site in the morning and observed Operations. He stated that he believed Operations were better than had been expected, due to the location of the P.E.'s. Capt. Schneider, 593rd Sig. AW Bn, stopped by the site while looking for CONNECTICUT and conversed with Lt. Barnes. 4 Received our own FM Radio Set which went on the Air in the evening. Previous to this, plots had been sent in through "CONNECTICUT's" FM Set. Very late at night several loud explosions were heard nearby which shook the Operations Van. Source of the explosins could not be ascertained. Weather was clear and warm. 5 "CONNECTICUT", Unit which is adjacent to this one, packed and moved early in the morning. Lt. Barnes went to R.R.M.U. and Battalion Headquarters in the afternoon. It rained intermittently in the afternoon. Routine duties were performed in the camp area. 6 A shower truck was sent to the 100th Division Rest Center where there is a Shower Unit. Volleyball net was set up and Men resumed their interest in the game that was so popular while we were stationed at our old site. An increase in the amount of Air Cargo Transport was noticed. Weather was generally clear. 7 Inspection was made by Lt. Koziol in the afternoon. Lt. Barnes went to the Finance Office in Dombasle. At 1530 hours, four new Men arrived; T/4 Kuruzovich, Pfc. Wiersma, and Pvt. Dipaolo. The Men had formerly been with Unit but recently have been on DS to 593rd Sig. AW Bn. They were very happy to return to their old friends. 8 In the afternoon a truck was dispatched to Battalion Headquarters. P.T.A.'s were taken in and several supply problems were solved. The day was warm and in the evening the Men played catch baseball and volleyball. At night, a plane came low over the site and strafed a highway a short distance from here. 9 Monday: TEXAS Unit arrived at their new site which is about 100 yards North of CALIFORNIA's. Since Soup was one of the items on the noon menu we were able to accomodate the TEXAS Men for that meal as they could not get their Kitchen set up and prepare a meal, because they arrived at 1100 hours. Lt. Barnes went to Headquarters. Crew "C" dug a new Garbage Pit in the afternoon. 10 Around noon a German civilian tried to cross the campsite, ignoring the guard. He was arrested and taken to the AMG where he was confined in the local jail. PX supplies were acquired from Battalion Headquarters and were sold in the late afternoon. Each Man was alloted a Coca-Cola and a few of the other items offered were: Cigarette Lighter, Razor, Towels, and Playing Cards. Weather was clear and Men engaged in various sports in the early evening. 11 Capt. Frazier, Wing Technical Inspector, inspected the Unit in the afternoon. After Supper, a team of volleyball players came down from the TEXAS Unit and engaged the CALIFORNIA all-stars. An NCO meeting was held at 1900 hours and the cleanliness of the camp and equipment and Blackout Precautions were discussed. 12 Capt. Merrill came by in the afternoon and returned again for a Chicken Supper. Pfc. Wiersma took over the job of supply and relieved Cpl. Robbins, who is to be the Crew chief of "D", the Fourth Radar Crew. 13 Around noon, Lt. Castle arrived at the Unit to be the new Technical Officer. After Lunch, Lt. Barnes went to Headquarters to see Capt. Merrill. The guards tent broke down, evidently deciding for itself that retirement was in order after a long and useful life. There was a slight rain in the afternoon but the sky began to clear around 1700 hours. Near midnight, a Hostile plane again came over the site and strafed a town and highway about five miles from here. 14 Saturday: 2 1/2 ton truck which has been in Ordance since the early part of January returned today. Lt. Col. Reha and Capt. Bailey visited the Unit and inspected the camp. They said the camp was in Excellent Condition. Even the stoves with which we have had so much trouble were said to be in Excellent Condition. Col. Reha also mentioned that CALIFORNIA had been turning in some very helpful plots recently. 15 Church truck went to Catholic Services in Edenkoben. Many Men attended. TEXAS sent a truck to Headquarters in the morning and when they returned they brought quite a few magazines. Weather was warm and clear and perfect for sports. Some of the Men played catch while others engaged in the popular game of volleyball. 16 A new Supply Tent was set up and Pfc. Wiersma and Pfc. Mathis moved into the tent so that they could keep a closer check on all of the items of supply. Two new pyramidal tents were acquired to replace two old ones that were in a Salvageable condition. Men appreciate having a tent that doesn't leak. German cigars were acquired through the assistance of some friends at the Ration Dump. Those of Men who smoked cigars, were given a sufficient quanity and the remainder were distributed to Battalion Headquarters. 17 Tuesday: Lt. Castle left around 1000 hours to go to Nancy. Lt. Koziol got two Russian K.P.'s from the Displaced Persons Camp at Biergzabern. In the afternoon, Capt. Fallett, Medical Officer from C.C. #1 visited the Unit and conducted a Physical Examination and Medical Inpsection. Typhus shots were given and Kitchen personnel and the new Russian K.P.s were inspected for contagious and infectious disease. Capt. Fallett noted a few Mess Kits were not hung from a board attached to the center pole. This situation was remedied immediately. 18 Capt. Merrill came out to the site in the morning and conferred with Lt. Barnes. A keg of beer that had been purchased at a Brewery near Biergzabern was served at noontime with Salami Sandwiches. Two small tables with stools were acquired from some nearby Wehrmacht Underground Barracks. They were used to make a desirable increase to the Mess Hall seating capacity. We received word to be particularly on the alert because of the nearness of Hitler's Birthday. Guards were doubled and Men were all cautioned. Early in the evening one of the Men saw a German civilian crawling through the bushes near the latrine, but attempts to find him proved fruitless. Later an NCO meeting was held and defense against Hostile attack was discussed. 19 Lt. Koziol held a practice alert in the afternoon and instructed the Men in methods of patrolling. Lt. Castle returned from Nancy. Crew "B" dug a Soakage Pit and T/5 Leonard with a Crew of Volunteers completed a Shower Unit. Mr. Moran, Battalion Personnel Officer, arrived in the afternoon with the Payroll for the signatures of the EM. One of our new Russian K.P.s has been dicovered to be a Barber. Only difficulty is that his tools are antiquated and need to be replaced. It is anticipated that better tools are forthcoming from Battalion. Everyone in the Area desperately needed a haircut before his arrival but a few days work by our Russian Barber will better the appearence of the Platoon. 20 1st Sgt. Barkley came by in the morning with instructions from Capt. Merrill that all Men will carry their Gas Masks at all times. Radar set has been Operating at half of the normal output for the past week, but the Operational results continue to be very good. 21 Saturday: Plane crashed near site and two Officers in a Jeep came around to investigate. Capt. Merrill came by and returned again for a Chicken Dinner. Chaplain Treese visited the site this afternoon. Lt. Barnes made the usual Saturday afternoon inspection. A tarpaulin for a 2 1/2 ton truck was acquired. 22 Sunday: Church Services in Battalion Headquarters and our Men were taken in by TEXAS Unit. At noon, TEXAS received Word that they were to move to the INDIANA site on Monday morning. Red Cross Girls came by in the afternoon and served doughnuts and coffee and talked with several of the CALIFORNIA Wolves for about an hour. After Supper, some of the fellows from TEXAS came down for the last volleyball game. The two Ukrainian Kitchen helpers were taken into Battalion Headquarters for blood tests. Colder, rainy and very windy. 23 TEXAS moved out early in the morning. Lt. Tucker, Battalion Medical Administration Officer, visited the site for the first time. Before he left, an other Medical Officer, Capt. Vogel from the 64th Fighter Wing, came to inspect the site. Capt. Vogel was very pleased and was also impressed with the high standard of Military Courtesy. Capt. Merrill visited the site in the morning. Lt. Barnes went to the Radar Office to talk wih Major Schiff about technical problems. Ukrainians taken to Neustadt for C.I.C. inv. 24 CALIFORNIA Ground Observer reporting seeing a plane go down a few miles from our site. A truck was dispatched in order to search for the plane but it could not be found. Lt. Col. Rihe inspected the Unit in the afternoon and he remarked that the Kitchen was in Excellent Condition. Lt. Castle took a few of the Radar Operators to C.C. #1 in order that they could observe the Filter Room in action. 25 Pfc. Wiersma went to the Battalion Headquarters to draw PX rations. Rations were sold in the afternoon. A volleyball was acquired at Battalion Headquarters to replace the old one. Some new books were given to the Unit by Lt. Moran. Lt. Barnes went to the new site to check with Lt. Graves on spare Radar parts. Owing to the fact that the Radar Operators are showing such intense interest in the Operation of the Filter Room, Lt. Castle took another Operating Crew to C.C. #1 so that they could observe Plotting Techniques. 26 In the afternoon, Capt. Merrill and 1st Sgt. Barkely came by with some important Censoring Information. Later, Major J.H. Buckner of the 4th Fighter Wing inspected the Unit. He inquired about administrative and technical problems. He remarked about the Cleanliness of the Men's clothes. A truck was dispatched to take some of the Men who were off duty to 64th Fighter Wing to see the movie, "A Woman in the Window." 27 Stoves were taken down and cleaned in the afternoon. A load of gravel was acquired and it was used to make a new Soakage Pit which was recommended by Capt. Vogel and for the individual Soakage Pits in the tent area. Major Ross, Battalion Surgeon, inspected the site in the morning. - 717 - War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. OKLAHOMA Detachment Mar. 1945 Prepared by T/5 W.O. Perkinson MARCH 31 A pretty day for traveling. We were held up with a little with a flat tire, but the necks creaned and cameras snapping we finally entered the "Fatherland". We were slowed up again by a French Engineer outfit when they refused to allow us into our site South of Offenbach. After a bit of International `Parleying' we got in and set up before dark. Then there was a good healthy Mail Call. APRIL 1 April Fool's Day! We had hardly settled and there were rumors of moving again. Lt, Toske went to Speyer to pick a site in case we do move. The Sunday special for Supper was Fried Chicken. Our Watches were set up one hour at midnite. 2 We were all set to Control Flights, but by 0900 hrs. new Orders came to strike camp and move to Speyer. The trip to Speyer was fast and pleasent. A stiff breeze made tent pitching a bit difficult, but we were settled a couple of hours before dark. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge were out with the Payroll and stayed overnite. Another Mail call which took care of about all the over-due letters. 3 Wind and showers all day! There was a constant Artillery Barrage going on all nite. Evidently the French are shelling Karlsrue. 4 Rations were pretty good today; especially the Fresh Eggs for Breakfast. MAINE Unit whiped us in the first softball game we've had in Germany. 5 This afternoon the Landline to Corps was put in and the French arrived to continue their practice. Each Man received a bottle of Champagne which Lt. Toske requisitioned thru A.M.G. in Speyer. In softball we got revenge yesterday. 6 Pfc. Dempsey went into Hdqs. this A.M. supposedly enroute to Paris on a two day Pass. All leaves were cancelled so back he came. We Controlled a flight of French Fighter-Bombers over their target. Approximately forty miles from our station, but the Flight Leader decided not to drop the Bombs as the weather was too bad. T/5 Belli and Pvt. Saiz, helping out the cooks, made some excellent doughnuts for Supper. 7 It is getting to be a habit. Went dull at noon and dismantled. Lt. Toske went site hunting and was held up at the bridge over the Rhine River for two hours because a French General was to cross. A site was found North of Bruschal. 8 We were lucky again in having a fair day for moving, and an excellent road. The Civilians along the way, unlike most we have seen, tried to be friendly. They were of course properly ignored. We had our camp set up by early afternoon. 9 An extemely uneventful day except for the weather which was perfection and the evening meal which was close to the same. 10 This morning the French showed up, set up the Radar and Radio under our supervision. This evening a Jerry plane strafed the road close by. He shouldn't have had a hard time finding a target. The road is full of trucks driving with their lights on. We had a fair sized Mail Call this evening. 11 The Heavies are taking advantage of the weather. There has been more overhead today than we've seen for the past week. Looks as if we are to make another move in another couple of days. Lt. Toske was site hunting Southeast of here today. PX rations tonite were only fair, but did include that novelty Coca Cola, one bottle for each Man. Jerry was back again tonite and strafed the road. It is getting to be a habit with him. 12 S/Sgt. Weber, T/4 Gassman, T/4 Konradt, T/5 Ward, T/5 Pourroy, T/5 Shannon, Pfc. Kralj and Pfc. Chittenden returned to the Unit today after a month's absence attending School at Drem, Scotland where they took a RAF Course in Navigation and Bombadiering. Of course stories were exchanged among us about what happened during the month that we were separated. Closed station at 1730 hours and packed as much of the equipment as possible. 13 Broke camp during the morning and moved to our new location at WR 7150. It rained most of the time but the sun came out about noon. At about 2100 hours a Jerry plane came over and all of the Ack Ack around us opened up. After he left we noticed a fire a few miles away from us where he had dropped his Bombs. The Radar will be Operational in the morning when the French arrive. 14 Station was on the Air again today. The French Operators are at the scope. There seems to be more Air Activity and as usual our friend Jerry was over again tonite. The food is fine and the weather is ideal. 15 Sunday and the Catholic Boys attended French Services at Bretton. We heard today that P C Estelle is going to move again in a day or so. Capt. Guthrie visited the Unit and brought a goodly amount of Mail with him. Jerry was over again tonite and we saw quite a bit of Ack Ack in the distance. 16 Lts. Toske and Woodling went site hunting again today. Capt. Guthrie left this morning. The French are now putting a Double Guard on the Radar. The electric washing machine which has been acquired by the two Units has really been put to good use. Tonight Jerry visited us again and during the early morning hours the RAF Heavies passed overhead for a couple of hours. The food is good but we are still low on rations. 17 Closed station this evening in preparation for moving tomorrow. Mr. Moran brought the Payroll out to be signed and spent the nite with us. Had Chicken for Supper topped with Fresh Apples. Jerry was over again, He really is a Bed Check Charlie. 18 On the move again today. Moved to Wildbad about 30 miles S E of Bretten. We're located on the top of a Mountain which is on the edge of the Black Forest. After pulling the Van up here tonite Lt. Woodling found that Estelle was going to move again and we don't have to set up. Net result of this move one four ton Diamond T truck unserviceable due to cracked Transfer Case. 19 Pulled the 4 ton down the Mountain to a French Ordance. Lts. went site hunting in vicinity of Nagold. News from Ord. that we too will have to look for the parts to repair 4 ton. The weather is really beautiful. Bed Check Charlie was again over and strafed the roads in the valley. 20 Weber and Lee took off this morning to look for parts for the 4 ton. Lt. Moran showed a movie and with Chicken for Supper the day was pretty much O.K. We are still setting on top of the Mountain awaiting Orders to move and also the wherwithhall to move with. The weather is ideal. 21 T/4 Gassman and T/5 Olson took the VHF Radio to Fr. Corps Headquarters and set it up. The VHF will remain on the Air until after Corps has moved to their new site. Lt. Toske went out to look for a new site for the Radar. So far we are not positive if we are to move tomorrow or not. Have received conflicting Orders on it today. Showere today and the weather has been generally bad. 22 Received Orders to strike camp and move. The French promised to send a 4 ton wrecker to move our Radar Van as we are unable to get our 4 ton truck repaired in time. It snowed all morning long. Tempers were short as we packed. The wrecker was late and the French decided it wasn't necessary to move. Lt. Toske looked around for shelter as we didn't want to set up the wet tents this evening. A Hotel was found at Sommerberg and we moved there. Early evening found S/Sgt. Weber and Pfc. Lee back to camp once more. They had acquired another 4 ton truck from the 7th Army Ordance. Now we will have to salvage our U/S 4 ton. 23 Packed up and drove to Tubingen. While enroute the French decided againt moving Corps Hdqs. to Tubingen. They requisitioned (?) a house for us and told us to move in and await Orders. We haven't any idea what is in store for us and then also this Area isn't exactly to our liking as we witnessed a skirmish between Arab Soldiers and the Jerries but after a short fight the Arabs came down from the hills with some twenty Pow's. Shooting among the Arabs is just a bit more promiscuous that we like. We are never quite sure who they are firing at. Again the weather is bad. 24 Today we checked over all vehicles and supplies. Our gas supply is low and the French have promised to send us some. We will not be able to move until we get gas. Nearby is one of the German Slave Labor Camps containing Refugees from most every Country in Europe. It is quite a sight to see them walking aimlessly about. We are just marking time and do not know when of where we are moving. -721 - 25 Lt. Toske left early this morning for Hdqs. Lee and Miller towed our U/S 4 ton to the Ord. Coll. point. It has been a perfect spring day and all of the Men went over all the vehicles and scraped and retouched rust spots. In the afternoon Lt. Woodling and T/4 Gassman went site hunting. Early evening found Lt. Toske back from Hdqs. They brought good news-- Mail and that our tour with the French was at an end. We are to return to straight A W work reporting to C.C. #2, working with IOWA. Also WYOMING is to work with us at a later date. Late tonite two Arab Soldiers ran amuck, Raping and Looting in as adjoining building. About four AM the French Officers did manage to restore order. The Arabs were apprehended and placed under arrest. 26 Lts. Toske and Woodling left early this morning to find a route over which we could travel to our respective assignments and sites. MAINE will Operate with ALABAMA, who is Operating with 21st Corps. The two Morrocans who were arrested last nite are to executed today. Jerry is still paying his nightly visit. 27 Packed some of our equipment today. This proved to be quite a task as MAINE and OKLAHOMA have been Operating jointly for quite some time and much of the equipment has become joint property. Two Men from Hqs. came out to the Unit to check over the four ton which we just received from 7th Army. They also brought Orders for T/4 Dorsey and T/5 Miller to report to Hdqs. Prior to leaving for Scotland to attend Navigation and Bombadiers School. Pfc. Dempsey also is leaving for Paris for a Sixty hour pass. Jerry's Bed Check Charlie was over again tonight. The rations have been very good the past few days. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. NEW JERSEY Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 Prepared by E.C. Springer, Cpl. MARCH 31 Camp inspecton was conducted by Lt. Fallon this morning and the result was "Very Good." The days are warm and mellow, and it seems that Spring has really arrived. Nothing more of interest for today. APRIL 1 Easter Sunday once again and continued nice weather is the offering. Church Services are attended by some of the E M at Colmar, and the people are promenading through out the Country side. Captain Merrill and driver arrive with Payroll. 2 0830 hours--This morning, Captain Merrill departs. 0945 hours--The Men from the Graves Registration Office (7th Army) stopped by to get information on the location of the bodies of the dead Soldiers. Lt. Fallon notified them on the 17th. 3 It has been raining early this morning---and it is not showing any signs of letting up. We are wondering just how we will get the Unit off of the hill it seems that it always rains when we are "Setting up" or "Tearing Down." 4 1000-hours Leave Ingersheim, and drive North through Strasburg passing many ruined villages. 2100-hours Arrive and pitch camp near Edenkoben on an "Interspring" Bivouac Area. (ARIZONA and WYOMING Platoon are with us) 5 Awaken in the morning and wonder whether to drive or step from our cots. We will stay here for two or three days--in the meantime, trade in some of our old equipment for "New Blood." S/Sgt. Nartarian is added to our Platoon (He was originally from IDAHO Platoon) 6 Today we will exchange Vans. Much of our equipment was stuck as we pulled into this area.--An axel or two was broken--so it is high time to get it traded in. The country side is beautiful---the villages, are unscathed. The Morale of the outfit is above average--all, seem to think that the end of the War is in sight. 7 NEW JERSEY Platoon will leave for its new destination tomorrow morning. (Near Wurzburg) The new (Traded) equipment is made ready, and the E M. retire early--in anticipation of the forthcoming journey. 8 Leave almost on time this morning--had a flat on one of the vehicles we were delayed a short time. The day is bright and clear, and we are looking forward to "Seeing Germany." Cross the Rhine River near Mannheim--and view what was once a city--some how, I thought of the Ghost Towns of Western United States. Early this evening its Heidelburg, bypassed by the War God Mars and quite an attractive place. A sign proclaiming "Pro Station" caused quite a contraversity among the E M, and many ideas were formulated. The through stuffing of the subject of Non-Fratenization that we have had lately left its mark. (No Definate Conclusions were Reached.) Arriving at our new location--the guards are posted, the tents put up, and after a light Supper, the E M drop off to sleep. 9 This new location is on a flat topped hill--with fields and forests in all directions. Lumber is located, and the whole camp is a scene of activity. Lt. Couples (INDIANA Platoon) and his E M arrive this afternoon--they will "set up" near by. Many Allied Bombers shuttle across the sky. 10 Pvt. Charles R. Jordon is taken ill (Temperature 104) He is admitted to the 4th Clearing Station. Hostile planes are reported over this station this evening. The Radar will be ready to go on the Air--Early this afternoon. 11 (*) Pvt. Jordon as taken ill on this date. (Got my Dates Mixed) Nothing more of importance for today. 12 Lt. Fallon and driver leave for Hdqs. on Platoon business. Seven deer wander into this camp--there is a mad scramble for guns and visions of Venison Steak. The deer go merrily on their way--due to a case of "Buck Fever." - 724 - 2100 hours--Captain Frazier (Wing Inspecting Officer) arrives in camp. Lt. Luna and Lt. De Voto arrive to see Captain Frazier. 13 Cloudy this morning with a temperature of 65 and a barometric reading of 28.9. Our nightly visits by enemy planes were nulled by the inclement weather of the past 48 hours. 1200 hours--Mr. Moran arrives--and we sigh the Payroll. We hear the news of President Roosevelt's death. 1230 hours--Lt. Scott arrives. Capt. Scheuma (Medics) conducts a camp inspection and a short arm. He finds things, quote "In Very Good Condition." Time 1430. 14 Saturday morning--and the camp inspection is conducted by Lt. Cooke. The camp was in "Very Good" condition. 1630 hours--Lt. Fallon and driver Keller arrive back in camp. Enemy Aircraft were again over this station - last night and early this morning. "Things?" were straffed on the surrounding highways, and NEW JERSEY Platoon went underground. 15 Nothing of importance for today. The Languishing (We Hope) Luftwaffe was again near by this evening. 16 Regular camp activities---the volleyball court is completed and also A G I station for taking showers has been located near by. Lt. Fallon secures a couple of new KP-s to help our manpower situation. One of them is a White Russian--and the other is Polish. These Men were screned by C I C and acquired from A M G. Captain Guthrie (INDIANA Platoon C O) passed through here to get to his Platoon. Its Fox-holes again this evening. 17 Lt Cooke departs for Hdqs. and R.R.M.U. on Platoon business. All of our "Records" for the greatest number of plots per week, have been broken by the E M at the Radar. The Fox-holes are again used. 18 During the day---nothing of importance. The usual Fox-hole Flight for tonight. - 725 - 19Lt. Cooke arrives back at this camp. 1430 hours--Captain Merrill and driver Marsh arrive this afternoon. The Captain will spend the night with us. Our nightly sanctury is sought. 20 0745 hours--Captain Merrill amd driver depart. The Barometer is falling We are due for some rain and cold weather. Friendly Fighter Planes were out this evening--we view the miracle from our Fox-holes. 21 The usual Saturday morning inspection is held at 1130 hours. This afternoon, Lt. Moran arrives with one of those things that are always popular a Movie. Our Mess Hall was well attended and Lt. Moran promised a "Repeat" in a couple of weeks. A rain, accompanied by a cold wind, has set in for the night. 22 Nothing of importance to report for the day. Our visits from the Luftwaffe has failed to materialize for the second night in succession. 23 TEXAS Unit, under the guidance of Lt. Crawley, rolls into this Area and sets up near INDIANA Unit. 1530 hours--Capt. Schuma (Medical Capt.) and driver arrive at NEW JERSEY. The Captain checks on some of our ailing E M and then takes specimens for Kahn Test from our new K Ps. 24 1430 hours--The 593rd Dance Band, Capt. Snyder, Lt. Mittlebrann and the Red Cross Girls - Billie and Ruth---arrive and put on a little show for the E M. Donughnuts, plus Coffee was served. The E M of NEW JERSEY appreciated their efforts. 25 1500 hours--Pvt. Howell, (Cooks Helper) has a bad accident in the Kitchen! With a badly lacerated ankle, the E M is rushed to the 11th Evacuation Hospital. An exploding air chamber of the stove was the cause. 1655 hours-- Message: "Check Personnel for Gas Masks and submit report giving number of Men without Masks and reasons for not having Masks." This evening, a formation was held--all Masks are checked by Lt. Fallon, Lt. Cooke and Sgt. Caldwell (GNCO) a review of Gas Drill is also held. Beer is served to the E M in the Mess Hall, this evening. 26 Lt. McCoy (Wing Radar Siting Officer) stops at NEW JERSEY for chow. Nothing more--only the weather is still blustery. 27 Pvt. Jordon, taken to the Hospital on April 10th, was found to be suffering from Double Pneumonia, and was sent to the 514 Clearing Co. for Air Evacuation (April 14). Pvt. Howell's injuries consisted of a compound fracture of the big toe and burns on his left foot. His right ankle also had a compound fracture, and was badly lacerated. He will also be evacuated by Air. 28 Message Time: 1000. "Pvt. J.L. Glass is to report to this Hdqs. today Report to the 1st Sgt. Hdqs. Squadron. Bring all personnal equipment." 29 The Blood Tests of our new K Ps (Boris Petriev and Waldimir Maslako) was found negative by the Kahn Test . Enemy Air Activity has practically ceased in the Area. 30 The weather has turned very cold--with snow and rain. Nothing more of importance. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 Prepared by Sgt. William Sahr MARCH 31 The weather cleared today, and our Aircraft took full advantage of a Sunny day. We passed more than 200 plots. Capt. Guthrie was here this evening to Pay us for the month of March. APRIL 1 Easter Sunday. Our truck took the Men into town for Easter Services. We had a light lunch, but an excellent Supper. A Half-Chicken per Man, Mashed Potatoes, Creamed Peas, Cake, Peach Pie, and Coffee. 2 A Pass truck took several ARIZONA and WYOMING Men into Strassbourg today. The Men report quite a bit of damage to the town, especially to the beautiful Muenster Cathedral. 3 Upon Orders from Capt. Frazier, we signed off the Air at 0800 hours this morning. We moved tomorrow morning. 4 We left Dambach about 0800 hours, and arrived at our Bn. Hq. in Germany about 1400 hours. We set up a Bivouac area nearby. It is just outside the town of Edenkoben The trip proved interesting as we passed through the Dragon's Teeth, Tank Traps, and Pillboxes, of the Siegfried Line. 5 We worked to improved our camp site this morning, and attended to other details, such as trip to R.R.M.U., and to the Motor Pool with the Jeep motor. The volleyball court was set up, but ARIZONA and NEW JERSEY teams provide little competition for us. 6 Weather rainy and cool, We have stoves going in all tents. 7 We received our first Mail Call today in Germany. Movies at Hq. in the evening. It was announced today that Lt. Satterfield was promoted to 1st Lt. 8 Sunday, and quiet. A Movie was shown at Hq. in the afternoon. 9 Moved to a site today, and set up for Operation. Both WYOMING and ARIZONA are together again, and this time we are about a half-mile from the DAKOTA Unit (593rd). We pass our plots through them, by FM, to the IC. We have a good site, near the town of Erpolzheim. The camp is well planned. 10 We are cranking the Radar Antenna by hand, until a new motor is procured. 11 This site has few PEs, and with good weather, we passed almost 600 plots yesterday. Mr. Moran was here with the April Payroll for the Men to sign. We drew PX supplies today. A new Antenna motor was installed, and is working well. We had another Mail Call today. 12 The ARIZONA and WYOMING Kitchens were combined today. 13 Plotting efficiency was increased by remoting DAKOTA's FM, so that our plots go directly to the plotter at C.C. #1. 14 We had four Hostile planes in the vicinity between midnight and 0100 hours. They dropped Bombs, one rather close, and strafed the roads. Again, at 2300 hours, Hostiles were overhead, and they strafed the two roads near our location. 15 The weather is bright and sunny, and warm during the day, but the nights continue cold. 16 The SCR-188 was set up today, and contact with the IC was made. Communications are excellent. Since it is only stand-by, we need only make two calls daily. Movies were shown in the afternoon and evening. 17 We scanned the skies in the early evening for Hostiles, but they did not come too close to our Units. 18 Movies were shown in the afternoon and evening. One short was of geat interest to some of us, it being about Anzio. 19 Upon Orders, the 602 was shut down at 1500 hours, and the WYOMING personnel will Operate on the ARIZONA 584. 20 Capt. Guthrie visited the Unit today. 21 The wind suddenly shifted to the North in the afternoon, and the temperature fell to make it much cooler. 22 Rain and high wind. It is extremely cool. The Sun came out for a short time in the afternoon. Movies were shown at the DAKOTA Unit in the evening. The Double Feature consisted of "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn", and "Maisie Goes to Reno". 23 Some of the Men on the Unit were overseas two and a half years today, and still wondering when they are going home. The bad weather continues. We had a French CAS Show in the afternoon. We had built a platform which was placed on barrels to use as a stage. A good performance was given.. 24 We had plenty of visitors in the afternoon. The Chaplain came out to give us a talk. Then, Capt. Vogal, Sanitation Officer, made an inspection of the camp. Lt. Col. Riha also visited the Unit to make an inspection. Mr. Moran was here, too. 25 Movies were shown in the afternoon and evening. We turned our stoves in to Bn. Supply today. 26 Major Ross, Medical Officer, visited the Unit in the afternoon. He made an inspection of the camp, gave a VD talk, and had a physical inspection. We obtained two Polish Men from a nearby Refugee Camp, to assist our cooks as K Ps. 27 A rainy night, and a cloudy, cheerless day, with intermittent rain. Bad weather for flying. A Movie was shown at the DAKOTA Unit, which our Men attended. 28 When Lt. Merblum returned, he had news for us, that we were to move soon to join the OKLAHOMA Unit, and Operate with them. The NEW YORK Unit is to replace us, and Operate with ARIZONA. 29 We had an excellent Movie at the Unit, "Rhapsody in Blue", the life of George Gerchwin. All the melodic Gerchwin tunes. 30 We are waiting for the NEW YORK Unit to put in an appearence, so we can get this move over with. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. INDIANA Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 Prepared by Floyd I. Edmondson, T/Sgt. MARCH 31 The Maintenance Men and one of th Crews spent the day putting the finishing touches to the new net, while the Detail Crew painted the Radio shack which is to be used as a Plotting Room with the new set. Pfc. Joseph Spotanski was returned to Nancy this morning by our truck which is going in to get some cables at R.R.M.U. Mr. Hixson of R.R.M.U. also left the Unit this morning. An inventory was taken today of everything assigned to the Unit. Chicken, Ice Cream and Cake was served for Supper. APRIL 1 Easter Sunday. Most of the Men went to Church this morning here in Steinburg. The afternoon was devoted to packing the trucks in preparation for moving tomorrow. 2 Immediately after Breakfast this morning the Unit moved to Kapsweyer, Germany. We are living in a house behind a Saloon. The Kitchen and Dinning Room are in the Saloon. The town is completely evacuated of Civilians. The Motor Pool is in a lot next door. 3 Today a lone German Civilian was seen in town. More American Troops of the Infantry moved into town today to set up a Military Government. S/Sgt. Robinson "Captured" a Polish soldier who had been a Prisoner in Germany. He was turned over to the Military Government. 4 Rations and water were drawn today. The volleyball net was set up and several games were played during the afternoon and after Supper we went over to FLORIDA and beat their team three games in a row for the first time since we started playing them. 5 This morning Lt. Cupples went to Hq. and while he was gone FLORIDA brought us Word that they had received a Message for us to pack up and be prepared to move as soon he returned in about an hour. When the Lt. returned, it turned out to be that the Men going to Scotland were to be packed and ready to leave. It was necessary to unpack again. The rest of the day was devoted to work on a shower that we were rigging up out of a Hot Water tank that we found. We piped water to it from a 50 gal. drum and get our pressure by filling the tank with air from the 4 ton truck or tractor. The water is heated by a stove Gas Generator Unit. 6 A trip to Hdqs. was made today to get a wrecker to tow in our P/C for repair. While there we learned that T/4 Reker of MICHIGAN Unit was to come to this Unit during the absence of our Maintenance Men. Reker was brought to this Unit in time to get in on our daily volleyball game. After the game our new shower was used for the first time and proved to be very satisfactory, except for the fact that the tank was not completely drained of Diesel Oil and the last Man, Pfc. Evans, got showered with Diesel. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. IOWA Detachment Mar. - Apr. 1945 Prepared by Alfred H. Weikal, T/5 MARCH 31 First trucks left for Germany about 0800 hours this morning and we are all settled down for the night in the School House in Hoh Froschen. The Town Mayor had some of the local Girls clean the place out before we moved in. It promises to be good quarters. We have two large rooms on the ground floor and two apartments on the 2nd and 3rd floors. This combined with an adjoining building will comprise our quarters, Mess etc. The town looks to have a population of perhaps 1500. Damage due to the War is nil. The town itself is a row of houses on either side of the road for about 1/2 miles. The houses are quite different from those we saw so often in France. These people seem to have the same idea as the Americans in that they like individual houses not groups of them. They have their barns adjoining the houses as was the fashion in the part of France we came from. The country side is typical Farm Country but we did not see many people working in the fields. Germany -- and we never thought we would bring a 270 Radar Unit farther than Italy at the most. APRIL 1 Most of us would like to have gone to Church this morning but with all the work to be done on a move plus the additional guard we must pull now, topped by the fact we didn't know where there was a Church in which Services were being held, made the attendance of this Unit a perfect Goose Egg. We console ourselves by saying that next Easter we will be attending Services in our own Churches at home we hope.. 2 The day continued to be a balmy and cool Spring day. So far there aren't any signs of Mail coming in but we'll keep on hoping that the day when Mail will be coming in won't be too far away. The power and water systems here are "Kaupt" but they say it is being repaired. Seems a shame to have a nice bath yet use a helmet to wash in or to have toilets and have to dig a pit for a latrine. 3 Capt. Merrill arrived this morning and paid the Men in Franks. Before we received our pay we were somewhat under the impression that we would be getting paid in American Money or German Marks but least of all in Franks. The Security Det. from the 36th Div. rounded up all Males from this village and deposited them within our Front Gates for questioning. 4 Sgt. White returned from the Hospital today. Cpl. Wampler is expected to return some time next week according to Sgt. White. The Sun came out today for a short while but still it continued to be cool. We are all wishing the Sun would stay out and warm the Joint up. Capt. Merrill left this morning after a Breakfast of Fresh Eggs. 5 Lt. Caldwell left for Bn. Hqrs. this morning and returned this evening with a lot of Mail for every one. Now we'll have something to pass our spare time away by answering our Mail. We're getting Fresh Eggs in our rations these days and they really make a Breakfast appetizing. The electricity was turned on this evening so therefore we brought out the Radio and heard the latest War news and hit tunes of the day. A Radio around here is as valuable as a Gold Mine. For a day or so we had the Radio in the Day Room here, but it is now in Lt. Caldwell's Room. Sgt. Kirchner is now trying to re-fix another Radio and we should get the results in a day or two. We all hope for the best.. 6 The day continued to be cool and very little Sunshine shown. Cpl. Kennedy became ill with Malaria this morning and our Medic is planning to take him to the Hospital tomorrow morning when he can stand the trip better than he can now. 7 Cpl. Kennedy left for the Hospital this morning. This same illness makes the fourth time that he has had it and we are hoping that he gets the opportunity to go back to the States. Two Slovakiens War Workers, John and Joe, were secured by Sgt. Stein today to work as K.P.'s. Pfc. Buzek speaks their language perfect so that is a very valuable asset for them to get along and understands us. It seems as if our Platoon is a regular linguist outfit because the fellows speak beside the one just mentiond are Italian, French, German and Swedish. These languashes have all been very acceptable to every country we've been to yet. 8 The Baseball and Gloves are getting reconditioned now that the weather is trying to get warm and Sunny. There isn't a sand lot here in the village where a game could be played so guess we'll have to find a lot in some farmer's vacant lot or field. 9 Cpl. Wampler returned from the Hospital today looking much better that the day he left. He was glad to get back to the Platoon again. We expected a Movie this evening but it didn't arrive. No doubt they were lost traveling over so many networks of roads around here. Sgt. Kirchner came back from Bn, Hqrs. today bringing with him Mail and several packages. 10 This was a swell day so the Men took advantage of the weather and pitched baseball and did their laundry. 11 Mr. Smith went to Bn. Hqrs. today and brought back no Mail, but he did bring back P.X. rations which every one is mighty happy about. Sgt. Hodelka is planning to sell it tomorrow afternoon. Capt. Merrill came by for a short visit today. The weather has stayed mild and Sunny today but the evening sky gave unfavorable characteristics for the weather tomorrow. But this being Spring we can expect it Sunny one day and rainy the next. The rations run brought Fresh Eggs in for tomorrow mornings Breakfast. 12 We all received our P.X. rations today and they were most welcomeed. The variety of candy that we received will satisfy many a sweet tooth that we have. For the first time in ages we receive Coka-Cola in our rations -no beer this time. It started to rain at 2000 hours this evening after it threatened to all day. Some time whenever we have time off we take in a Sight-Seeing tour of the Siegfried Line. It is truly an interesting tour. 13 Friday the 13th and a Lucky or Unlucky day for any one who cares to think so. Today has been unlucky for us because we heard the sorrowful news of President Roosevelt's death. The weather has also been rainy and cloudy, and when Lt. Ecker arrived back from Bn, Hqrs. with no mail nor any prospects of future Mail for a day or so more. Our Mail is believed to be still down in Nancy. Lt. Caldwell will be going to Bn. Hqrs. tomorrow morning so perhaps he'll bring back some Mail with him. We're hoping for the best. This Spring is really the first and ideal Spring this Platoon has had. N. Africa and S. Italy didn't have much to offer in fresh appearences of vegetation that Spring is chacteristic of, but for the surrounding Country Side it is typical of our own land back home. Wonders will never cease - todays ration run brought back half a pig. Estimation of the weight varied between 500 and 600 pounds - A good size chunk but also a good size chunk of fat. The four F/M/ E.M. that were attached to our Platoon for rations left this afternoon for their own 593rd Hqrs. We epect Cpl. Kennedy back from the Hospital soon according to Cpl. Terracciano, our Medic. 14 Lt. Caldwell went to Bn. Hqrs. this morning and returned late this afternoon with no Mail but he did bring back 21 bottles of Wine for the Platoon. So there'll be a gay time in the old town tonight! We got two small kegs of beer - so most of us had beer and peanuts - no pretzels this time. Pvt. Ragghianti won the wrist watch this evening when his name was drawn in the raffle - Lucky Boy. 15 Mail finally came in this evening, one full bag of it and we all are certainly happy over getting it. Cpl. Kennedy arrived back to the Platoon today feeling much better than when he left for the Hospital. We were glad to see hin come back again. Sgt. Stein brought two Solvaks War Workers to the Platoon. Lt. Ecker and Lt. Caldwell held a meeting of the Platoon this evening and we learned among other things that we might have a Movie tomorrow night. We hope Lt. Ecker is right. 16 Chaplain Treese came for a visit to the Platoon today to conduct Church Services for us. A lot of us attended and enjoyed the Services very much. Chaplain Treese also brought out a bag of Mail for us. Lt. Moran brought the long awaited Movie today - Name "Unholy Partners". We had two showings, one at 2000 hours and the other at 2400 hours for the fellows coming off duty. Sgt. Hodelka brought out some beer to the Men today - good tasting stuff so everyone said. Such a day like this wouldn't be complete without a visit from the Medical Corps - so Maj. Estes came out to the Platoon and gave every one a Physical Inspection "Short Arm". Every one was in perfect condition. The cooks gave us some of their "Best" in the culinary field today by baking a Cake for us. But - we all thought the Cake was too well done - and the same for the Butter Scotch Pie we had recently. Now after having tasting the results we're in a quander which we should have - new stoves or new cooks!!! 17 Lt. Moran left this afternoon taking with him his Motion Picture equipment. We hope that he returns soon with another picture. Chaplain Treese came out to the Platoon again for a short visit. The weather today has been perfect, warm and Sunny. 18 Maj. Long made and inspection tour this morning of the Platoon. Mr. Moran came early this evening with the Payroll to be signed, and left shortly afterwards for Hqds. 19 The Slovaks introduced the sport of soccer to us. A sport that was a rough and tumble game if there ever was one that we've played in. The day was certainly nice and warm. Everyone is glad that Summer is on its way. The town's water pump is still on the bum and consequently our quarters are still without running water. Not a day passes when someone has their laundry out on the line. Before long everyone will know the art of laundering clothes. (Our Mothers and Sweethearts will be glad to know this!!) 20 At 1600 hours today the water system was turned on and plans are being made to give everyone an opportunity to take a bath in a regular tub. A chance like this is only "Once in a Life Time" for us since being overseas. Today something happened - we had two Mail Calls, - The first Mail Call. Lt. Ecker brought the Mail and the Currier brought the second batch of Mail. Cpl. Kuznia came back from the Hospital looking pretty good and was more than glad to get back. 21 The rains came this afternoon by bucket fulls - A regular Spring shower with the chactertistic thunder and all. Today we Men took our first real bath in a good long time. The water was pipeing Hot an the soap lathered like fury. Some of us are being a little pessimistic in saying such a good thing like this can't last very long. 22 Strange things will happen now and then - this morning, during this month of Spring weather, it snowed. No cause for us to worry because it didn't last long. Mail came in this afternoon to help pep things up around here. Lt. Ecker went to Bn. Hqrs. this afternoon and returned with Message to pack up and move, which we will be doing at day break, Tuesday morning. Everyone is excited to be on the go again. We returned the last two Slovaks that came to the Platoon, back to their Depot. These Slovaks found a nice home while they were here and they hate to go. 23 Today we packed equipment and supplies in preparation for movement tomorrow morning. One thing we hate to leave behind is the bath tub that was used once by every Man - too good to last - We all say. Lt. Caldwell brought P.X. supplies back from Bn. Hqrs. this evening. 24 We left Hoh Froschen early this morning at 0600 hours, enroute to Hall, Germany. The weather was cool and agreable for the trip. One of Lt. Ecker's main ambition became a reality today when we brought his 270 Radar Unit across the Rhine River. We thought the River wasn't as spectacular as we were led to believe, however the city of Mannheim was something to talk about. We arrived at Hall, Germany at 1800 hours, after a trip of motor troubles and everything else that goes in the making of a tiresome trip. However our Mail Call, believe it or not, peped us up somewhat and also that Hot Coffee and Sandwiches that we received at C.C. #2 Hqrs. 25 Lt. Ecker, Mr. Smith and Sgt. Stein left early this morning to find the exact location of our new site. They didn't return until 1630 hours and the convoy left for the site at 1700 hours. Since it was growing late in the evening we stopped at the 6th Army Corps Rest Station at 2300 hours. Everyone got sufficient sleep for the remainder of the trip for tomorrow morning. 26 We got an early start this morning and arrived at our new site, perched on top of a mountain near the village of Wiesensteig, Germany at 1000 hours. There is a home on our site which we are preparing to move the Kitchen, Officers and other personnel into. After a day or two of moving furniture upinto the attic we'll have room enough for a Mess Hall, Kitchen, Dispensary, Orderly Room and two small Day Rooms and three rooms for living quarters. The House, or Cottage, use to be a sport resort during the Winter months from its appearence. 27 While some Men were Operating the Unit, the rest of us pitched the remaining tents and got the camp in a more enivable condition. The weather has been fairly good except a shower or two later on this evening. HEADQUARTERS 582nd Signal AW Battalion APO 374 US Army 15 May 1945 SUBJECT: Historical Records. TO : Commanding General, First Tactical Air Force (Prov), APO 374 US Army (Attention: Historical Section). 1. Outline History of the 582nd Signal Aircraft WarningBattalion for the period 1 April to 30 April 1945. a. Present Designation: 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, XII TAC. b. Changes in organization: None. c. Strength: 55 Officers; 5 Warrant Officers; 950 Enlisted Men. d. Present Station: Schwabisch Hall (S-458575), Germany, since 29 April 1945. e. Movements: (1) From Nancy, France to Edenkoben, Germany on 2 April 1945. (2) From Edenkoben, Germany to Schwabisch Hall, Germany on 29 April 1945. f. Campaign: Germany --- still in process. g. Operations: No change. h. Commanding Officers on Important missions: No change. i. Losses in action: (1) Pfc. Salvatore J. Capri was killed in action near Konigshofen, Germany on the 1st of April 1945. j. Awards received during period: None. 2. Inclosed is War Diary, 582nd Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, for the period 1 April to 30 April 1945. FOR THE COMMANDING OFFICER s/Edwin E. Buckner EDWIN E. BUCKNER 1st Lt., Signal Corps Adjutant  TYPE 3 2.00 **2.00  1 582nd Signal AW Bn. Nancy, France April 1945 1 Sun Weather fair. We packed and vehicles were loaded today in preparation for a move. INDIANA Unit is preparing for a move also. MICHIGAN Unit, in Mannheim, began Operations today. 2 Mon Weather fair and cold. Convoy of first echelon, including Battalion Headquarters, Supply, Company Headquarters, and the cooks left Nancy at 0930 hours. Approximately 134 miles was traveled over fair roads through dusty, and in fair weather. With the exception of a couple of flat tires not a mishap was encountered. Arriving in Edenkoben, Germany at 1830 hours vehicles were unloaded to return to the old area in Nancy for the remainder of personnel and equipment. INDIANA moved Kapsweyer, Germany; ALABAMA today moved to a site near Hardheim, but were alerted for another move. OKLAHOMA Unit having just arrived in Offenbach was instructed to move on to Speyer where they moved to, and were settled before dark today; MAINE also moved to Speyer today. VERMONT reports having seen on several occasions German Jet-Propelled planes, the first so far that any of us have chanced to see in flight. The speed of the ship in flight is amazing. 3 Tue Weather fair and cold with rain in the night. In the morning the Battalion Headquarters was set up for Operation. The Battalion Headquarters is located on top of a hill in a building formerly occupied partially by German troops and the City's Officials; is located about three quarters of a mile from where our quarters are, and about two miles from the town. The personnel, with the exception of some of the Motor Pool personnel who are quartered at the Motor Pool in town, are living in a building on grounds which had been a Youth Camp of some sort, and had been used as a Hospital just prior to our occupation. Here as before in Nancy the Mess is consolidated, but only with the 593rd Signal AW Battalion which is in the building with us. The surrounding country is very picturesque; a rather mountainous and heavily wooded region which is scenic to view.---The weather though cold yet shows signs of promise for improvement. There are supposedly German soldiers lurking about in the mountains, several Divisions in fact remain uncaptured, and we have been instructed to be on the alert, and to leave the area, when necessary only, in groups or at least in couples.---From what has been seen of the German population only great indifference to our presence here can be noted; but then we've seen only a small portion of the country as yet.---Upon arrival here we found three Russian Women refugees who were working for the Germans in the Hospital. It is believed that they will remain with us to work in the Officer's Mess. The Commanding Officer, Lt. Col. Wilbert A. Speir, having remained at the other area to complete a Courts-Martial is expected to arrive by tomorrow or the day after with the remainder of the Battalion. 4 Wed Weather fair and cold. Operations normal. Col. Speir arrived in the afternoon. Word came today that Pfc. Salvatore J. Capri, on DS to the XXI Corps, was found dead in a vehicle with another, as yet unidentified Man. WYOMING Unit left Dambach this morning and arrived in Edenkoben this afternoon for a temporary stay until they can be sited again; NEW JERSEY Unit left Ingersheim this morning and arrived in Edenkoben at 2100 hours. CALIFORNIA Unit received their own FM Radio set today, and went on the Air immediately; previously plots had been sent in thru CONNECTICUT. MICHIGAN and OHIO Units moved to a new site today; Operations were set up in a very satisfactory area overlooking Mscbach.---ARIZONA today came into Headquarters, TEXAS reports that they are standing by awaiting Orders; and NEW YORK was to move to Hardheim today, but upon arriving there it was learned that the Corps had moved on to Tauberbischofsheim, and the Unit continued on to that town. At Headquarters a movie was shown this evening, in the Officer's Mess, and the film---"One Too Many Bodies." 5 Thu Weather cold; showers in the morning. Normal Operations. The organization is not yet altogether here. It was learned further today that Pfc. Salvatore J. Capri who was with the Forward Fighter Control attached to 101st Cavalry Gp., 4th Div., 7th Army was killed on the 1st of the month near Konigshofen. With T/5 Jose M. Trevino of the 593rd Signal AW Bn. Pfc. Capri was driving Lt. George M. Langton who had commandeered the 1 1/2 ton Personnel Carrier for the completion of a mission for the 101st Cavalry. Near Konigshofen, Germany they were ambushed by a number of dismounted German soldiers with heavy weapons and Anti-tank guns. All three were killed; the body of Pfc. Capri was taken to the U.S. Military Cemetary in Bensheim, Germany for burial. INDIANA Unit today sent some of their Men to Scotland for training. Eight Men of ARIZONA Unit also left for England today for a course of study in Radar Operation. VERMONT Unit left Gross Unstadt today and moved to a site near Lohr. KANSAS also moved to Lohr today. 6 Fri Weather cold and cloudy. Normal Operations. Several Units, NEW JERSEY, ARIZONA, WYOMING, etc., are in and are receiving and maintenance and getting some of their old equipment exchanged for new. Three "Eggbaskets" missions, VERMONT Unit assisting, were attempting today; only one however was at all successful as far as the Unit was concerned. It seems that the present site of the Unit isn't very favorable for the type of Operation. 7 Sat Weather colder and clear. Normal Operations. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. Tomorrow NEW JERSEY will leave for a new site near Wurzberg. Instructions were received for VERMONT Unit to move; by 1330 hours the Unit was on the road; and by dark Bad Bruckenau was reached and camp was set up atop a hill in the dark. KANSAS also expects to move; originally plan was to move with equipment. This evening the film "Crime By Night" was shown. 8 Sun Weather cloudy and cold. Normal Operations. NEW JERSEY left early this morning to arrive at the new location late in the afternoon. OKLAHOMA and MAINE Unit again moved, to Bruschal, and were soon set up on arrival there. VERMONT Unit is not becoming Operational in Bad Bruckenau; instructions are now being awaited for a move further forward. KANSAS moved to Bad Bruckenau to join VERMONT today. 9 Mon Weather warm and fair. Operations continue normal. Having all necessary maintenance done ARIZONA Unit moved this morning and set up near DAKOTA Unit. The Unit will Operate only during the day here; since nearly half of the Unit's personnel are at present training in England. There are not enough Men for the Unit to Operate day and night. VERMONT Unit today moved to their Operational Site in Bad Neustadt; upon arrival at new camp site was set up and the Radar put on the Air immediately. The Unit at the present location is six miles from our Fighting Front. This morning KANSAS moved to Hohenroth and set up only a short distance from VERMONT and the Corps. WYOMING Unit was moved today to a site near Erpolsheim, Germany where the Unit will Operate with ARIZONA. The 593rd SAW with DAKOTA Unit is about a half mile from the Unit's location.. 10 Tue Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. ARIZONA went on the Air today, and reports that the present location is very favorable for Operation. A movie was shown this evening, the film---"Atlantic City." 11 Wed Weather fair and warm. WYOMING reports their present site ideal for Operations. The Radar antenna is for the time being cranked by hand until a new motor can be procured. Oklahoma is about to move again shortly; Lt. Toske is hunting for a site Southeast of the present location. 12 Thu Weather cloudy, and cold again. ALABAMA is alerted for a move; amd KANSAS has received Orders to prepare for a move. VERMONT has obtained a German trailer and have been converting it into a Mobile Kitchen; upon completion now it has become a fine looking and useful piece of equipment. The Unit was notified today that they will move to a new site tomorrow.---The eight Men of OKLAHOMA, S/Sgt. Weber, T/4 Gassman, T/4 Konradt, T/5 Ward, T/5 Pourroy, T/5 Shannon, Pfc. Kralu, and Pfc. Chittenden returned from Drem, Scotland where they had been taking a course of study in Navigation and Bombardiering. In the evening there was a movie ----"Three Is a Family." 13 Fri Weather cloudy with rain in the morning; slightly warmer. Normal Operations. Another move for the Battalion is anticipated, to take place in the very near future. Sadly today we receive the news that our President and Commander in Chief was dead. By reporting DAKOTA's FM so that plots from WYOMING go directly to the Plotter at CC #1 Plotting Efficiency was increased in an experiment today. Units OKLAHOMA and MAINE today moved to WR-715. Leaving Bad Neustadt early this morning VERMONT arrived at their new site in the vicinity of Ebern in the afernoon; the Unit became Operational immediately upon arrival.---Beginning with the afternoonVERMONT reports the German "Luftwaffe" today made itself known by several raids each consisting of about twelve planes, the greatest raids of the kind that have been recorded in the recent past. The enemy attacked roads and Bivouacs. The raid was followed by another of equal strength. In the afternoon the raiders suffered the loss of one plane which was seen crashing to the ground, and for which the credit can be given to our Ack-Ack. From evening and on thruout the night the raids were repeated with equal strength; flares were dropped, roads and areas were straffed and great quantities of Anti-personnel Bombs were dropped. Our Ack-Ack did not make itself known during the night raids. ALABAMA moved to Ochsenfurt. And KANSAS moved to Eyrichs. NEW YORK was on the road again today and moved to Ochsenfurt where Operation will be combined with ALABAMA Unit. 14 Sat Weather fair and warmer. Normal Operations. Inspection of equipment and quarters in the morning. Learned today that VERMONT Unit is to be on the move again tomorrow. Lt. Col. Riha, on an inspection tour of Units visited TEXAS today --- commented favorabley on the Unit's site location and living quarters; also visiting CALIFORNIA Col. Riha favorably commented on that Unit's condition of site and on the work performed by Unit. A film, "Unholey Partners," was shown this evening; also in the way of further entertainment there was a show presented by the 593rd SAW Bn. and their Band. The same movie and show will be again presented tomorrow in as much as our Day-Room cannot accommodate at one time all personnel that are present in the area. 15 Sun Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. Major Long with an Advance Detail has gone to prepare our future site for Occupation. WYOMING Unit reported Hostile planes in their vicinity yesterday at about 0100 hours. Several Bombs were dropped and roads were straffed nearby. The raid was repeated at 2300 hours. VERMONT with KANSAS moved to Bamberg and set up on the edge of town, but is not expected to be here very long either. OHIO and MICHIGAN Units report a busy day today; Units Controlled six "Eggbaskets" in Hall and Backnang. 16 Mon The weather is fair and warm. Operations are normal. An SCR-188 was set up by WYOMING Unit, but for standby only; two calls will be made only into the I.C. MICHIGAN and OHIO Units are to move tomorrow; also ALABAMA is moving tomorrow. The Red Cross Girls were here this evening with doughnuts. We hadn't seen them for quite a while. 17 Tue Weather fair and warm. OKLAHOMA closed down today to prepare for another move. VERMONT and KANSAS Units moved to Erlangen today. MICHIGAN and OHIO moved to Ohrimger. And ALABAMA's Orders for movement were changed; the Unit is waiting for further instructions. 18 Wed Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. OKLAHOMA and MAINE moved to Wildbad about 30 miles Southeast of Bretton, but it was learned that the Unit would not be set up before another move is pending. 19 Thu Weather fair and warm. Normal Operations. WYOMING'S 602 was shut down at 1500 hours, and the Unit will Operate on the ARIZONA 584. ALABAMA and NEW YORK moved to Rothenburg today. 20 Fri Weather fair and warm. Instructions were received again for MICHIGAN and OHIO Units to prepare for a move. 21 Sat Weather cloudy and colder; intermittent rain thruout day. Inspection of equipment and quarters was made in the morning. OKLAHOMA Unit is again looking for a new site. VERMONT and KANSAS again moved, to Schwaback; upon arrival in the afternoon Operations were set up immediately. MICHIGAN and OHIO moved to a new site, WS-3834, and were set up immediately, but will move again tomorrow it was learned later. 22 Sun Weather continues cold; and cloudy in the morning; clearing up in the afternoon. Operations normal. OHIO and MICHIGAN has moved to and set up in Welzheim yesterday only to tear down again today for another move, to a location near Goppengen; already Lt. Virili is looking for another site. 23 Mon Weather cloudy, cold, and periodic rain thruout the day. TEXAS Unit has joined INDIANA at Taberbishofsheim, and the two Units will Operate together. IOWA Unit, at Hoh Froschen, Germany, today prepared for a move which will take place tomorrow. Today OKLAHOMA moved to Tubingen, there to await further Orders. NEW YORK moved to Crailsheim today; another move is expected for them tomorrow. 24 Tue Weather colder and clear. Normal Operations. Leaving Hoh Froschen at 0600 hours IOWA Unit arrived in Schwabisch Hall, Germany at 1800 hours. Learned today that OHIO and MICHIGAN are due for another move. NEW YORK today continued on to Aalen, and still another move for the Unit is pending. Movies, a double feature "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn," and "Lassie Come Home", were shown this evening. 25 Wed Weather cold and cloudy, and slight showers. Major Long again left to look at another new site.---It might be said that the option on the site previously chosen a few days ago was dropped. In Schwabisch Hall, Germany IOWA Unit proceeded today on their new Operating site in Wiesensteig. Information was received today that OKLAHOMA's tour of duty with the French was at an end. The Unit will go back to straight AW work reporting to CC #2, and will work with IOWA; WYOMING is expected to join the Units at a later date. MAINE and OKLAHOMA Units have heretofore been Operating jointly; MAINE now will Operate with ALABAMA, and with the 21st Corps. Early this morning OHIO with MICHIGAN left Goppengen and arrived at their new site near Blauburen in the late morning, but another move is expected to take place soon. 26 Thu Weather slightly warmer, but cloudy with intermmitent showers. Major Long returned late last night; it hasn't been definately determined, but we can expect to move within a few days. Our rations have been excellent, and continue to improve; Units in the field also report to be receiving excellent rations. KANSAS moved to Monheim today. NEW YORK left Aalen and moved to Dilengen where the Unit set up on the Danube River. We learned today of T/5 David Denigs death. T/5 Denig was hospitalized several days ago and died in the 137th Evacuation Hospital (SM) in Alzey, Germany on the 22nd of April of a Disease which was diagnosed as Acute Mymphocytic Leukemia. 27 Fri Weather fair to somewhat cloudy with slight showers in the afternoon. Normal Operations. OHIO and MICHIGAN Units having arrived in Badenhaufen are waiting for further instructions as to where to set up. 28 Sat Cloudy, cold, and rain in the morning. Col. Speir with Major Long proceeded to the new area this morning and returned late in the evening very well satisified with the progress made in cleaning up the accomodations. It was learned that WYOMING is due for another move; they will join and Operate with OKLAHOMA. NEW YORK is to replace WYOMING at the vacated site. OKLAHOMA Unit is all prepared and will move to their new Operational Site tomorrow. day VERMONT moved to Rain where Operations were set up, temporarily only, because another move is expected soon. KANSAS also moved up to Rain. This morning OHIO and MICHIGAN by convoy were again on the road headed for Kaufbeuron; arriving on the outskirts of town. The Units were set up on an airfield. 29 Sun Weather cold and cloudy. Normal Operations Preparation and loading of vehicles for our next move was completed early this morning, and by 1330 hours Battalion Headquarters, the Company Orderly Rooms, cooks, and some general duty personnel were on the way to Schwabisch Hall, Germany. At first due to the fact that there is at present a lack of available transportation in as much as our vehicles have been loaned out to move the Wing it was thought that we would be by necessity forced to move in more echelons and to shuttle vehicles more times than in the end it becme necessary. Only a portion of Battalion Headquarters, the personnel section only, was to move at first with the other sections of the Battalion, but with extremely economical utilization of available vehicle space in loading it was possible to keep the entire Battalion Headquarters section together; it is still however necessary to shuttle transportation to some extent, and tomorrow trucks will return to pick up the remainder of personnel in Edenkoben.---The distance of approximately 120 miles from Edenkoben, Germany to Schwabisch Hall, Germany, our new location, was covered in fairly good time, approximately four hours, especially when considering the congested condition of certain stretches of road. The roads traveled were excellent but twice, once in Heilbronn we were held up for a short period in a traffic tieup and again later by a convoy of about 20 French tanks traveling in the same direction as our convoy. Except for several short periods of light sprinkling rain the weather thruout the day was excellent.---At 1730 hours we arrived in Schwabisch Hall, Germany. OKLAHOMA moved today to a site near Wissensteig, WX-5998, to join IOWA; the Unit is expected to become Operational tomorrow. As was expected, Word came to move VERMONT and KANSAS; the Units moved to Aicash, but only for a short stand here too it is believed. 30 Mon Weather cold. cloudy with snow flurries and rain. Vehicles were returned this morning to Edenkoben to bring back the remainder of the Battalion. Col. Speir, Lt. Buckner, and Sgt. Procter having remained behind to compete our evacuation of the old area are expected to be here in the next day or so. Operations otherwise are normal, --- today VERMONT and KANSAS moved to Dachau. OHIO and MICHIGAN moved to Partenkirchen, but not receiving Orders have not set up Operationally because this is believed to be only a temporary stand. --- NEW YORK came into Headquarters today. Over the Air today we heard of the supposed death of Der Fuher Hitler which has become the chief topic of discussion. With this news to all of us no doubt flashed the thought momentarily that perhaps this thing will soon come to an end now.--- Thus the month, an unusually busy one, comes to an end with the morale of all individuals at the peak of excellence.--The War is beieved to be as good as over, at least in this theater and some of us are boldly visualizing ourselves already as Civilians; nearly all believe that it will be only a matter of a few months before we see the States again; less optimistic souls look forward to a change in theater; but not a one is anticipating a direct transfer from this to the Pacific Theater. War Diary 582nd VERMONT Detachment Apr. - May 1945 APRIL 28 Rain and cold. We packed up and moved to Rain. Lt. Loreto left earlier to pick out a new site. We crossed the Danube River and the traffic tie up was very bad. Convoy's were strung along the road for miles bumper to bumper. The 23 mile trip took over 5 hours. A 4 Star General believed to be General Devers was seen along the way. A 1 Star General of the 15th Corps helped direct traffic in the City of Rain. We set up in the rain on the outskirts of Rain. 29 Cloudy and windy. This afternoon we received moving Orders again. Lt. Loreto left earlier to pick a new site. Our Convoy rolled into town of Aicach. We set up at the outskirts of town and are quartered in a factory. This factory contains a variety of canned meats formerly for the use of the German Army. A large column of Jerries about 300 of them marched by escorted by 2 G.I.'s. 30 Lt. Loreto left early this morning to pick another new site. The Convoy rolled into the City of Dachau in the afternoon. Our weather today is snow and hail. We set up on the outskirts of town and are quartered in a brick factory. Later in the day we received Word that we won't have to set up. The weather is very bad. Some of our Boy's captured some German Soldiers in the nearby woods. This evening we heard over the Radio of the death of Adolph Hitler, enough said. MAY 1 Rain, snow and cold. Today all of our Men went to see the "Horror Camp" of Dachau. It was a sight impossible to really describe. Thousands of starved, and beaten dead bodies filled the place. The Crematory was stacked with bodies ready for burning. SS Men who were in charge of the camp were lying dead all about the place. Most of them were beaten to death by the inmates. There were 30,000 live survivors left at the camp. Some of the Men saw a SS Lt. being beaten to death by some Russian Prisoners. Seeing this place made one wonder whether the Germans were civilized. Our Boy's captured more Jerries today. After bringing them to the P.W. Cage we found out some SS Troops were included in the capture. We should have brought them down to the Russian Prison Camp. They know how to handle them. Our Prisoner total now is 22. All of these Jerries were captured and didn't come to give themselves up to us. The Boy's forced them out of the woods and hiding places 2 Snow, hail and cold. Looks very much like a Winter day. A few P-47's were out today. Lt. Loreto left early to pick a new site today. Our Convoy didn't leave till quite late because of a traffic tie up in town. With some difficulty over bad roads we pulled into the City of Munich. The heart of Munich is vertually destroyed. The City contains a great amount of Allied Prisoners and Foriegn Workers. Some of the Boys talked with some American Prisoners. We arrived at the City of Haar and set up in the city limits. We are staying at a School building. There are very few troops here and all is quiet. 3 Rain and cold. Our Radar was standing by but didn't do anything. The Boys were out looking over the nearby enemy airfields. There are many Jet-Propelled planes lying about also many other types. A very quiet day today. A news flash stated that all German Troops in Italy and Western Austria surrendered today. Also news came that Berlin was all captured. The end of the War is a nearby reality now. 4 Rain and cold. No Operational news. A truck that was sent into Munich today for the benefit of the Boys to see the City. The Men saw the Famous Beer Hall where Hitler started the Nazi Party. Our quarters were very comfortable. Lt. Anderson and Mr. Moran visited us today. Mr. Moran received a message to report back to Hdqs. by 9 A.M. tomorrow. Our Jeep took Mr. Moran back.War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. OHIO Detachment May 1945 Prepared by Wayne K. De Hels 1 Have not received Orders to put up the Radar as yet. Still just standing by. After Breakfast Lt. Taylor and Capt. Howard went looking for a place to stay as there was a Ordance due into this area. About noon Word was received we would move to town into a house right after Lunch. This move was accomplished without nothing unusual coming up. Today T/4 Dowd arrived back after his trip to Headquarters. 2 Today was an uneventful day with everyone just standing by. Nothing is set up. Waiting further an Order from Sixth Corps. It was eveentful in one way for this time of the year. It snowed all day. 3 When we woke up this morning there was snow everywhere as it had continued snowing all night. Last night also the Corps sent out two guards as security. OHIO and MICHIGAN both put on one Man. Made four guards in the area. This is the usual number. Late in the afternoon, just in time for Supper, Capt. Guthrie, 1st Sgt. Doerge, with driver, arrived with the Payroll for the month. They will spend the night here. Immediately after Supper both Units were paid. Lt. Taylor made a trip to Ordance today to check up on MICHIGAN's P/C. Pvt. Grey was the driver on the trip. Today Sgt. Doerge passed on the Word that T/Sgt. James Celli and T/5 James J. Watson will go to England on furlough. Both will go into Headquarters tomorrow. Pfc. Gordon P. Christopherson will go on the 25th of the month. 4 Today was a day of many events. Capt. Bogan's leaving after several days stay while he and his assistant looked after and Dental Work that needed doing on the two Units. Pvt. Warren and Pfc. Crabb, Clarence L., drove T/5 Watson, James J. & Pfc. Christopherson, Gordon P. (who replaced T/Sgt. Celli, James) to Headquarters to be ready for their trip to England. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge and their driver stayed over for the day and night. During the afternoon the Word was passed that there would be a move tomorrow. The move would be to Innsbruck where living quarters would be picked this evening. T/4 Burleson, H. and T/4 Kolesar went along on the siting trip to stay at the living quarters to hold them overnight. After Supper the preliminary packing of trucks took place. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. WYOMING Detachment May 1945 Prepared by Sgt. William J. Sahr 1 Pvt. Young, Ground Observer at the time, spotted an ME-109. The time was between noon and 1300 hours. It is unusual to see a Jerry plane during the daylight hours anymore. 2 About 0830 hours, an ME-109 made a belly landing near town. Men from the DAKOTA Unit took the Pilot captive. He said that he took off from an airfield 100 km. North of Berlin, and that he was trying to make Stuttgart. The NEW YORK Unit pulled in this afternoon, and we move tomorrow. 3 Moving day, We just left before 1000 hours, and arrived at the OKLAHOMA site at 1630 hours, traveling 117 miles. We had a clear day, but it was cool. 4 Sgt. Vacchina went to Hq. this morning, to start on a six day furlough. We started working the 584 with OKLAHOMA's Men at noon today. We got four stoves from Hq. today. We need them, especially on top of this mountain, as the weather continues rainey and cool. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. INDIANA Detachment Apr. - May. 1945 Prepared by Pfc. Joseph Gustein APRIL 28 Got Orders to move at 0850 hrs. So everyone got to work and got packed and in no time were ready to leave for our new location. The ride was enjoyed by all from Tauberbischofsheim to Hall, where we stopped to eat Supper. After Supper a vote as taken whether we should go to the site and set up or wait until the next day. Well the majority was for setting up that night, but when we got to the site it started to rain and it looked like an all night rain so back we went to Hall for the night. 29 Got up early and ate a good Breakfast and then packed all bedrolls and cots and all Kitchen equipment and started to our site once more. At the site we unloaded the trucks and set up the Unit and camp. Things went well. 30 Being one day late on our ration run we sent out our truck to find a ration dump and draw rations. The work around camp was confined to cleaning up the area. MAY 1 Set a walk about camp today. Lt. Brush and Mr. Thompson of FLORIDA made a visit. T/5 Dymek and Pfc. Mougey got a call to pack up and be in Headquarters that evening as they were to go on seven day leave. As of this date INDIANA and TEXAS Units will function as one Unit under the name of INDIANA. With Lt. Cupples Commanding Officer and Lt. Crawley as Administration Officer 2 With the new month around Payday is also here with Pay Day here Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge came around to pay the Boys off. As always after Payday comes the Card Games which could be found in many of the tents. Today also brought back our Boys who had been to School in Scotland. Movies was to be had but with trouble with our motor first and after with the Camera it was postponed. 3 Today we had a visit from a Sanitation Officer from XII TAC (Capt. Vogel) also with his was Capt. Feit. Capt. Vogel said that the camp as a whole was excellent. 4 No unusual occurances today, we did go to a Movie at FLORIDA. The name of the Movie as "Here Comes the Waves". It was enjoyed by all. 5 No unusual occurances. 6 Sgt. Edmondson returned to us today from his furlough. He had plenty of questions to answer and by the answers he gave he seemed to have had a good time. Todays weather is something to talk about as it is one of the hottest we have had in some time. The Sun is out in full force and many of the Boys are taking their first Sun bath. 7 Today Lt. Cupples and Red McCrary left for England to pick up supplies for the Wing. They were first to drive to Paris and then take a plane to England. Having another good and hot day. 8 Drew rations today and at the Ration Dump they told us we were to draw every day instead of every other day. The evening brought the news Winston Churchill saying that the War was to end at one minute after midnight, this is the news that so many of us have been waiting for. Champagne as given out to the members of the Unit and everyone celebrated the end of the War even if they had to be in Operation. All until they were called into Headquarters. Four of the Boys went over to FLORIDA as they were to have a Show, it was enjoyed by all who went. 9 This evening there seemed to be a School for Barbers here at camp as Pfc. Bisker was cutting hair and Sgt. Chiaro was practicing on another member of the Crew, when Sgt. Edmonson saw how Chiro was butchering up his customer he went to work on him and straightened up the mess, he did have to cut quite a bit off to make it look like a good job. 10 Today we drew PX rations, it seems like we drew a little too much candy, as Lt. Osterberg came out to see if we had given it out, it was too late as he expected. We also had a visit from Lt. Satterfield, he didn't stay long as he had a ride ahead of him to get to his Unit. 11 Lt. Greenwich came out to the Unit, he was looking for Lt. Cupples. He stayed awhile. We also had the pleasure of a visit from the Red Cross Girls who brought out doughnuts which were very appetizing. 12 No unusual occurances. 13 Major Ross visited the Unit today and inspected the sanitary conditions of the camp and personnel. He gave a talk on Sex Relations and precautions for the prevention of Venerial Disease. T/5 Dymek and Pfc. Mougey returned from their furlough at Annecy with a good suntan and both said that they had a wonderful time while gone. Our first softball game of the year was played with FLORIDA today and we came out on the weak end of a eight to nothing score. 14 Everyone busily engaged in work today. Among the things accomplished by it was the screening in of our Kitchen tent, making of an Ice Box for Meat and Butter, and several drainage pits. 15 Today the Latrine was screened in. Another game of ball was played with FLORIDA Unit and this time we came out on top with a score of four to two. After the game FLORIDA was to show "Hollywood Canteen" but at the beginning of the second reel, the projector snafued and the same picture is to be shown tomorrow. 16 A trip to Munich was made today and it was enjoyed by all who went. Today the projector held up in good form throughout the entire showing of "Hollywood Canteen". The Men got together today and laid out a ball diamond near the camp and chose up sides for a game among the Men of our own Unit. TEXAS received Orders this afternoon to return to Headquarters. 17 TEXAS packed up this morning and returned to Headquarters. This evening we played FLORIDA a game of softball on our own field. In the last inning, we were trailing by a score of three to two when Sgt. Shrewsbury at catching position got hit in the mouth with a bat, knocking out two front teeth and cutting his lip so that it required four stiches. A substitution was made and three errors let two more FLORIDA players score for a final score of five to two. 18 During the night it started raining and blowing most everyone was up staking down tents. We managed to keep all of the tents up all night but got very little sleep. Our backstop went down during the night and today we put it up again adding a few more supports. 19 A Double Header was played out on our field today with the Boys from ALABAMA and NEW YORK. It was a nice day for the games. 20 Rations and gas were drawn today, having to go to Ulm for the gas made it a long ride. Headquarters sent out a Peep and a driver for the Unit's use, It's going to help out a lot. A few Officers from the 593rd came out for a visit. 21 Things were pretty quiet today as we had a day of rain. 22 A Double Header was scheduled today with FLORIDA, at first we thought we would have to call it off on account of rain but in the late afternoon it cleared up and the games went on. 23 PX was drawn today it seems to be getting better as this Unit got a watch, a wallet, a lighter and many other items that haven't been seen for quite a while. The Headquarters called us up telling us to send some Men in to see the movie "Two Down and One to Go", I can't say it helped morale any. The 64th Fighter Wing had a U.S.O. Show in their Theater. It was liked by all. 24 A little Mail came in today helping the morale a lot. Most of the Boys off duty went to see the movie at the 413th Theater, the picture that was shown was "Tall in The Saddle". 25 Had a game with ALABAMA on our field and we won and after the game we all went off to the Movie at the 64th Theater and saw "Two Women". A well liked picture. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. ARIZONA Detachment Apr.-May.-Jun. 1945 Prepared by T/4 David C. Purcell APRIL 28 Weather unusually cold and rainy for this time of year. T/5 Ikker and Pfc. Myers have left to go to School in Scotland. Pfc. Vigotsky seems to be developing the same kind of skin trouble that put him in the Hospital last year and has been directed to see a Medical Officer. 29 Still very cold and we miss our stoves. 30 Ordance returned the M-18 that we sent in for repairs several days ago. Recently we have been getting to see Shows several times a week. MAY 1 Our eight Men who had been in School in Scotland returned today. They made remarkably good time coming back. They flew from Scotland to Germany and got back to ARIZONA's location the same day on which they left Scotland. 2 This morning a German plane (ME-109) landed close to DAKOTA. The plane was damaged considerably but the pilot was not hurt and was captured by DAKOTA. According to the pilot, he had landed deliberately in order to desert from the German Army. 3 WYOMING left this morning. Lt. Moran visited us today. 4 We got two new K.P.'s today. The ones that we had before left with WYOMONG. 5 Weather is still very cold for this time of the year. The Men have improvised a couple of stoves for heating the tents. Pfc. Vigotsky has been told by the Medical Officers that he will have to go to the Hospital. 6 The weather is a little warmer today. Pfc. Vigotsky was sent to the 79th Field Hospital. 7 Weather is considerable warmer and it looks as if the cold wave is over. There has been a great deal of excitement here over the end of the War in Europe. Saw the movie "Wilson". 8 Had a Medical and Sanitation inspection by Capt. Fattel. 9 Paid by Capt. Guthrie. It was the first German Occupation Money that many of us had received. Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge are to spend the night with us. 10 Lt. Moran brought out a couple of Red Cross Girls. They handed our Doughnuts and Coffee and we saw a Show. 11 Radar performance has been excellent for the past few days. We have had very little trouble all week. 12 ARIZONA and NEW YORK beat DAKOTA in a game of softball, 7-3. There was some excitement this afternoon when it was discovered that someone had stolen our keg of beer. We had left the keg to cool in a little brook about 150 yards from camp and, so we thought, in full sight of camp. Apparently the thieves sneaked up under cover of the grain in the surrounding fields and they were not seen at all. 13 The Radar had a little trouble with the Servo Generator. Got some more beer to replace that stolen yesterday. Lost a game to Dakota 7-6. 14 Three of NEW YORK's Men returned from furlough at Annecy in France. There was a movie at DAKOTA. 15 Having some trouble with the resistors in grid of 6C21 and trying to get some replacements from R.R.M.U. 16 Early this morning the Azimuth Servo Generator was badly burned. After a couple of hours the Commutator and Brushes were repaired sufficiently to make temporary Operation possible. This afternoon a new Servo Generator was installed. Won a softball game from DAKOTA 5-4. 17 This morning the new Servo Generator proved unsatisfactory. Accordingly, the old Servo Generator was installed and fitted with new brushes. Operations are now normal. NEW YORK left this morning. Mr. Moran brought the Payroll out this afternoon. 18 Operations still normal. Signed the Payroll this morning. 19 The set is now being Operated from 06:00 till 21:00 each day. During the night it is kept in standby position. Won a softball game with DAKOTA by the score of 11-9. 20 Operations normal. Played two games with DAKOTA and lost the first by the score 6-5. Won the second game 10-5. Several of our Men are suffering from sprains, bruised and sore muscles. 21 Went off the Air because of the failure of the High Voltage Transformer T-1605. Lt. Merblum went to Bn. Hq, for spare parts. He returned with a Jeep and driver, Pfc. Rowland. Pfc. Crabb also returned to ARIZONA. We also got another Generator M-18 to use while our present Generator is in Ordance. 22 The set went back on the Air at 01:30 and was then put back on standby position. Operations were normal during the day. 23 Lost a game to DAKOTA, 16-6. 24 Operations normal. The weather is uncomfortably cold. Lost another game to DAKOTA, 7-3. 25 Operations still normal and there is plenty of Air Traffic but we are not being called on (the past few days) for many plots. 26 Operations normal. Today our soft ball team beat DAKOTA 16-6. The score in games now stands at 7 for ARIZONA and 8 for DAKOTA. 27 Operations normal. ARIZONA and DAKOTA have combined their ball teams and joined the Conad City B League. Today the combined team won over 572 AAA Bn, 13-3. 28 Operations normal. 29 Operations normal except for regular 4 hour weekly maintenance period. Lost a game to DAKOTA. 30 Operations interrupted when PPI trace disappeared this morning. Went back on the Air this afternoon. T/5 Ikker and Pfc. Meyers returned from School in Scotland. Lt. Virili visited the Unit this afternoon. 31 Weather has been quite hot and dry recently. JUNE 1 ARIZONA-DAKOTA lost a game to 562 SAW Bn, 4-3 War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn, OKLAHOMA Detachment Apr.-May-Jun. 1945 Prepared by T/4 Konradt APRIL 28 T/4 Dorsey, T/5 Miller, and Pfc. Dempsey went into Hdqs. Today we will move to our new location tomorrow. The weather is still very unfavorable, has showers all day. 29 Got up very early this morning, packed and moved to a site near Wiesensteig, WX 3998. Had snow flurries while setting up camp. Don't know just when we are to be Operational. Lt. Toske visited IOWA Unit to find out what the score is. Did hear something of interest. The Men on IOWA Unit have captured 22 German Soldiers in the vicinity. So we will have to be very careful. WYOMING Unit has not arrived as yet. Expect them within the next few days. We again heard planes overhead last nite and didn't know if they were Hostile or Friendly. Camp was blacked out just to be on the safe side. 30 The Radar is Operational, however we are unable to get thru to CC #2. The weather was as usual very unfavorable. Snowed again off and on all day. German POW's were again being brought in all day. IOWA's total for the day 23. There now is a regular POW Cage around these parts. OKLAHOMA can only take credit for three assists on this number. MAY 1 Contacted CC #2 at 12:20. Started to Operate with IOWA. We policed the area real well and checked over our equipment. As usual the weather is bad, snow flurrues all day. 2 A quiet sort of a day. The Sun was shinning in the morning so some of the Men did their laundry. This afternoon we had snow flurries again. Spring just doesn't want to pop around here. 3 T/5 Ward was driving along the road today coming back from the water point when suddenly in front of him a team of oxen, driven by a German farmer, stepped on a Land Mine. Parts of the oxen flew past Ward, who stopped and gave them a mercy shot putting them out of their misery. WYOMING arrived on the scene at 1700 hours this evening. The combined Operations of the two Units will be started tomorrow. 4 Lt. Toske went to Hdqs. today. Returning he brought Mail and also the news that we have permission to keep our stoves until the weather is more agreeable. He also brought WYOMING's stoves back to them. 5 Lt. Tucker, MAC, inspected the Unit today. 6 The Sun came out today, and it was warm, more like the May weather to which we are accustomed. 7 Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge came out to Pay us for the month of April. We were paid in Marks. 8 Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge stayed with us overnight. Capt. Guthrie informed us this morning that the two Units have been combined. The War in Europe is over. Now, we wonder about our disposition, and hope it will be to the States. 9 Some reorganization on the Unit is beginning to take place. Several Men are changing jobs. 10 Lt. Satterfield, Sgt. Sahr, Pfc. Krali, and T/5 Belli went into Hq, today. The last named is off on a furlough to England. We got PX rations, not including Cigarettes, which may be on our critical list shortly. Also, in on other business, which kept us busy all afternoon. 11 Chapain Treese visited the Unit. Lt. Thompson also was here. Courses may be offered shortly. to qualify for CAA ratings. A poll was taken of the Men on the Unit, to gather information as to what courses the Men would be interested in, and the information was sent into Hq. 12 Had a pleasent surprise today. Two ARC Workers were out. They served Coffee and Doughnuts. Lt Toske went into Hdqs. this morning. He returned late this evening. It was visitors day on OKLAHOMA today. Lt. Moran, Special Services Officer, brought the ARC Workers out. Lt. Hyman from R.R.M.U. was out to check the Radar. S/Sgt. Weber left again today still searching for the Ordance from which he got the four ton so that he could get a shipping ticket on it. He returned late at nite tired but happy. He found the Ordance and also has the necessary papers. 13 WOJG Moran arrived today on the monthly Payroll signing detail. He was around a bit earlier than usual as this was the first Unit he visited. Lt. Toske visited the M E W at Augsburg. 14 The Men screened in the Latrine today. They have been busy finding the lumber and nails for this job for the past few days. The chow is good but the Mail Calls are few and very light. 15 The M-18 is beginning to act up again. Thr voltage is flucuating badly. It has been using a lot of oil so we will try to get a replacement for it. 16 S/Sgt. Weber and Lt. Toske left early for Hdqs. Lt. Toske is to go on leave to Southern France. Pfc. Lee went to the ARIZONA Unit to get a M-18 to replace ours. Lt. Toske returned to the Unit this evening, his leave had been cancelled. WYOMING Unit has been ordered into Hdqs. OKLAHOMA will remain Operational. 17 WYOMING left early this morning for Hqs. Chapain Treese visited the Unit this afternoon. He will spend the night at IOWA. Tomorrow he will hold Services at OKLAHOMA Unit. 18 Chaplaim Treese held Services this morning. In the afternoon S/Sgt. Weber left to find another Ordance to repair the 2 1/2 ton GMC, which is badly in need of a new Transfer Case. He returned early in the afternoon after finding the 365 Ord. Co. who said they would take care of it after ordering the necesary parts. 19 Had thunder showers during the night. The first rain we have had for almost two weeks. In the early morning hours we lost contact with CC #2. It was finally reestablished in the afternoon. The Men of IOWA Unit challenged us to a game of volleyball. Sorry to say they beat us. 20 Pfc. Lee returned our old Power Plant (M-18) to Bn. Hdqs. Cpl. Conley and Pfc. Thomas O'Brien were sent out to us by the Company Commander to work with us as Replacements for Graves and Griffith until we are called into Hdqs. 21 A very dull day. It was overcast most of the day. In the afternoon it rained. Cpl. Boggs went on a tour to locate a Hospital to arrange Dental Care for the Men on the Unit. 22 Rain once more in the morning. In the afternoon the Sun came out and dried everything out again. S/Sgt. Weber went to the 365 Ord. to get a serviceability certificate for the Jeep. Lt. Toske was ordered to bring in half of the Men to see the movie "Two Down and One to Go" 23 Half of the Men went to Hdqs. Major Ross visited the Unit and all the Men remaining in camp had an examination. The balance of the Men will have to report to the Dispensary on Saturday for their physical. 24 The other half of the Men went to Hdqs. to see "Two Down and One to Go" today. The movie leaves much to be desired as far as information goes as to when we will get back to the States. 25 Lt. Toske went to Ordance today to get a spring for the 4 T truck. Going to Ordance is one of the main jobs on the Unit it seems. One vehicle always needs some repairs or parts. The Sun was out again all day. Very nice after all the Sunless days we have been having. 26 The Men that didn't take the physical exam the other day went into Headquarters. The examination for all of them took all of fifteen minutes. We were not at all surprised to learn that all the Men are in good physical shape. 27 Nothing unusual happened today. It was another nice day. The sun was shinning all day. However in the evening we had a few showers. 28 All the Men signed their adjusted Service rating cards today. Rations are very poor. 29 Pfc. Johnson left today for a furlough in Southern France. We expected T/4 Dorsey and T/5 Miller back from Scotland but they did not arrive. 30 Sunshine in the morning turned to rain in the afternoon. The rain continued all night. The wind also blew and it was cold and miserable all thru the time. 31 Dorsey and Miller returned from School in Scotland after an absence of more than a month. Dorsey was in the Hospital in Glasgow for two weeks with Pneumonia. Pfc. Johnson also returned to camp. Furloughs to Southern France had been cancelled. JUNE 1 Capt. Guthrie and 1st Sgt. Doerge came out to the Unit to Pay the Men. The Camouflage was taken off the Unit. Late this afternoon Hdqs. called and told us to send in Johnson as he is to go to England for his furlough. HEADQUARTERS CONTINENTAL ADVANCE SECTION Office of the Commanding General APO 667, U. S. Army 28 May 1945 MEMORANDUM TO: All Officers Concerned REDEMPTION OF CONAD ALLIED OFFICERS' CLUB CHITS ---------------------------------------------- 1. All chits purchased from any of the CONAD Allied Officers' Clubs in Dijon, Nancy, and Seckenheim will beredeemed for cash prior to 10 June 1945. a. Chits may be presented at the CONAD Allied Officers' Club located in Secenheim, Germany, for cash refund; or b. Chits may be mailed to the Director of Clubs, thisHeadquarters, and refund will be made by mail. 2. After 10 June 1945 facilities will not be available for redeeming CONAD Allied Officers' Club Chits. BY COMMAND OF BRIGADIER GENERAL IMMELL: s/ J. W. Ross J. W. ROSS Colonel. AGD Adjutant General War Diary 582rd Signal AW Bn. NEW YORK Detachment Apr. - May 1945 APRIL 28 This evening packed away the Radar set as we were to move the next day. 29 Left Dillingen and crossed the Danube at the Dillingen Bridge about noon. Caught up with ALABAMA just as we entered Augsburg and followed them to Corps Hq. and then to the site which was located on the Airfield a few miles South of Augsburg. Lt. McCoy had finally caught up to us, and had sited us here. A Messershmidt factory was located on this field, and we moved into one of these buildings for our Kitchen and quarters. As we didn't expect to remain long and saw no use in pitching tents if we could help it. --- MAINE Unit pulled in at 1600 hours, just in time to prevent our setting up our Radar. This meant that we would take off in the morning, but we weren't at all sure as to where we were going. Even the Lt. didn't have any definate idea as to where he was going. 30 Left the ME factory for Schwbisch Hall, where we believed Bn. Hq. to be now located. At Aalen, we stopped the convoy long enough to pick up rations, as we were perilously low on supplies. Pulled in to Bn. Hq. about 1800 and fried up some of the Fresh Eggs we had just been issued at the Dump. We were to stay here overnight, so we set up our cots in the garage on the Ground Floor of the Hq, building. Learned that we are definately to take WYOMING's place with ARIZONA, altho Capt. Guthrie isn't here to give us the complete Order. MAY 1 Martin, Lopez and Mihm were Payed today by Captain Guthrie who has returned. Reason for Paying them is that they take off at 0600 tomorrow morning for seven days at Annency Rest Center. The rest will be Payed when the Capt. comes our to Pay us and ARIZONA. Saw a movie in the evening. Contributed a cook, and we ate at the Bn. Mess. 2 Took off bright and early and traveled all day to the vicinity of Bad Durkheim, where ARIZONA and WYOMING were located. Set up only two tents, as our tents will occupy the same spots which WYOMING's now occupy, and the overflow of Men will sleep in the large Squad Tent of ARIZONA's. Saw a movie tonight. 3 As soon as WYOMING took off this morning, we moved in. Started combining shifts with ARIZONA on their 584. Will not set up the 602. Put insulated floors in our tents. Saw a movie tonight. 4 Have two Polish workers to help out in the Kitchen. That should take quite a bit of the load off the cooks. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. MICHIGAN DetachmentMay 1945 Prepared by Sgt. Karl Kroldadrt 1 Partenkerchen - Snowing - boys went out to Stadium and Sports Area - PX rations distributed today - Nothing else to report. 2 Partenkerchen - Snowing - Corps moved today - The Boys all got a much needed haircut. Nothing else to report. 3 Partenkerchen - Snowing - Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge out to Pay Men - Sent in monthly reports this morning. Boys are all taking in the various Bavarian sights. 4 Partenkerchen - Clear and cool - Capt. Guthrie and Doc Bogan left today - Prepared to move into Austria tomorrow. Nothing else to report. 5 Sunny and bright - Moved today to Innsbruck, Austria. We are the first Units to enter Austria from the Bn. This move again was non Operational. Acquired a buiding for living purposes. Meals are pretty good. 6 Innsbruck, Austria - Sunny and bright - Boys getting equipment in shape and ready to return to base when called -Several vigorous games of volleyball and Ping Pong were participated in. Meals were pretty good today. 7 Innsbruck - Sunny and bright - Had the usual games of volleyball and Ping Pong - Some of the Boys made trips to the Brenner Pass and some went to Mt. Igles via cable car. Sixth Corps released us and said we could return to our Hdqs. when we were ready. 8 Innsbruck - Sunny and bright - VE Day - Boys all celebrating and having a swell time - Had a couple of games of volleyball and Ping Pong. The MP's gave us permission to get some Coggascand we really had a time. Meals were exceptionly good today. 9 Innsbruck - Sunny and bright - Nothing much doing except for a few sports and some of the Boys went to the Brenner Pass and into Italy and some went to Mt. Igles by cable car. 10 Innsbruck - Sunny and bright - Received Word today that we were starting our trip back to base tomorrow via Munich. Packed our trucks and equipment. The Boys had the usual couple of games of volleyball. Final trips to the Brenner Pass and Mt. Igles made today. 11 Left Innsbruck today - sunny and bright - we reached Munich in the evening and stayed overnight. Boys went into town and saw Frau Kellers Beer Garden, and an Old Hitler hangout and several Memorials erected by Hitler in memory of some Frantic Nazi Leaders who died for the cause. 12 Sunny and bright - Left Munich and continued on our way North toward Hall - Passed through Augsburg and saw the Autobahn used as runways by Jerry. Camped overnight about 20 miles from Hall. Lt. Taylor went into base and returned with the first Mail we have had in nearly three weeks. 13 Today we finally reached the base and set up camp. Sgt. Doerge said this would terminate the MICHIGAN-OHIO War Diary. War Diary 582th Signal AW Bn. KANSAS Detachment May 1945 1 Today, most of us visited the Dachau Concentration Camp and saw the most Horrible scenes that could possibly exist. We know that the tales we've heard about such places are not merely Propaganda but are the complete truth. Here are living 30,000 Men of all Nationalities; Starving, Diseased, and more nearly dead than alive. Here, also are box cars filled with the Grotesque bodies of other Men who have died of starvation or been killed in the Gas Chambers. The Crematorium is still working full-blast and hundreds of bodies lie piled, waiting to be burned. Because the Camp has been so recently liberated, it still looks much the same as it did when the Nazis were in control. Corpses of S.S. Guards lie where they were killed by the Americans. A thing like this gives everyone a different feeling towards the Germans. Members of our two Units, KANSAS and VERMONT have taken 19 Prisoners since we have been at this site. That's becoming a Major Pastime, now; going into the woods and hunting for the Wehrmacht. 2 This afternoon we moved to the town of Haar. We do not expect to be operating the Radar here but we did set up the V.H.F. which may be used tomorrow while the Corps Radio Section is moving. 3 We are living in a building here which was a combination House and Private School. All the modern conveniences; running water, electric lights, etc. Quite a change from some of the places we've lived in. 4 We expected to move today but, due to the German Surrenders which have been taking place on many of the Fronts we are more or less sitting tight here. Some of us went to Munich this afternoon for a little look around, visiting the Beer Hall Celler where Hitler's Famous Putsch took place. Parts of the city have been very heavily hit by bombing and shelling. 5 Today we took a long move to the town of Salzburg, very close to the Snow Covered Alps. On the Autobahn we passed a line of Prisoners; thousands and thousands of them, walking and riding. With the large scale surrenders taking place there are very few active Fronts left. We have rooms in an apartment house here which make very nice quarters. No Operating at all is being done here. General Patch has announced a Cessation of Hostilities for the Seventh Army at noon tomorrow. 6 Our two Units, KANSAS and VERMONT, which have been working together since last fall have been combined to form one single Unit. The personnel remains the same with the exception of T/Sgt. Polacek. former KANSAS Team Chief, who has left the Unit. Capt. Guthrie and Sgt. Doerge were out this afternoon with the Payroll, and spent the night here with us. We were paid off this time in Marks at the exchange rate of ten Marks to the Dollar. 7 Hitler's Famous Mountain Hideout in Berchtesgarten is only about 15 miles from us so a couple of sightseeing expeditions have been made there. The Main Building and Barracks were given a pretty heavy pounding by the Air Force and there isn't a great deal left to see. Some French Troops have taken over the place and are living there now. This, the Heart of the so-called Bavarian Redoubt did not quite serve the purpose for which it was intended. The last ditch fight was never made 8 The War in Europe is over and the folks back home can now have their V-E Day Ceebration for which they have been so long preparing. To us, the reaction is a feeling of relief at knowing that at least this part of the fighting is over. But there is no high Jubilation or anything of the sort. It will take complete peace in all the Theaters of War to bring satisfaction to the members of the Armed Forces. 9 This morning at one minute past midnight, the time that the actual Armistice went into effect, all the Artillery, Machine Guns and other fire-power in the area opened a barrage. The Official Celebration lasted for ten minutes but small arms fire kept up long after that. It was rather nice to listen to Artillery and watch Ack Ack bursting in the sky without feling the need for jumping into a Fox-hole. 10-11 A large number of German Prisoners are still coming past here; some of them with M.P.s and others driving trucks, unescorted. This nice weather also brings out quite a parade of civilians in front of our house, including French, Russian, Italian and other Foreign War Workers from nearby Camps. 12 Capt. Vogel, Sanitation Engineer from the Wing was out today on one of his Inspection Tours and spent the night. Our softball team has been playing practically every night against other outfits, having, to date, eight wins- five losses. 13 Lt. Moran was out today with some Champagne and Doughnuts, most of which we did away with this evening after returning from a show. Capt. Schiuman was also here and spent the night. 14 There have been an abundance of Medical Officers out to see us these past few days. The list was completed this afternoon when Major Ross arrived. Inspections have included the living quarters and Mess Hall as well as one of the "Inspections" to which every G.I. is subjected periodically. 15 Three more Bronze Stars have been awarded to members of our Unit for work done during the final phase of the German Campaign. They were given to Lt. Robbins, Lt. Loreto, and T/4 Taylor. Lt. Robbins already held the Bronze Star so his award is in the form of an Oak Leaf Cluster. 16 Small numbers of S.S. troops are still being flushed out of the countryside; mainly in the vicinity of Berchtesgarten but a few have been reported near here. Infantrymen working with Corps still keep pretty much on the alert. It would be strange if KANSAS and VERMONT were called upon to Control an "Eggbasket" mission two weeks after the end of the War. 17-18 Our softball team continues to function every evening but, sad to say, without too much success. We have also added Ping-Pong to our curriculum as a slightly less strenuous form of exercise but there have been a few fast and furious games. Then, for other entertainment there are two or three places in town where movies are held every night. Not the best pictures but in our condition it doesn't pay to be particular. 19 We have received Word that there is to be no more Unit Censorship of Mail, an Order which makes our Officers very happy indeed. We now seal up our own letters, something most of us haven't done for 32 months. This morning we saw the picture "Two Down, One to Go", explaining the redistribution system. Not too encouraging for members of the Air Forces. War Diary 582nd Signal AW Bn. IOWA Detachment Apr.-May-Jun. 1945 Prepared by Alfred H. Weikal. T/5 APRIL 28 Sgt. White, Cpl. Larson and Pvt. Trageser brought five Jerrie Prisoners into camp this noon that they found in the woods. Regardless if this is suppose to be Spring, We had a regular snow this evening. Lt. Caldwell felt like putting on Skies and go skiing down the hills. 29 The snow let up early this evening and by noon it was all gone, however by evening it snowed again - Cleared up-and snowed some more at midnight. Lt. Krinsky came out to the Platoon yesterday to establish an inter-com system between us and the Unit OKLAHOMA that arrived today and is located near us. This Unit will aid our Unit in Height findings and accurate nearby tracks. 30 The Sun and snow had a game of it today between themselves. It is beginning to become a passing attraction for us to have snow and Sunny weather all in the same day. Mr. Smith and some of the Men picked up several cases of Wine and Brandy today. If we only had the Women we'd have a regular old fashioned Square Dance in progress. We were intertained by the threesome Sgt. Hodelka with the Squeeze Box, Sgt. Young with the drums and Sgt. Kirchner with the Violn. There was a time back at the Chateau Taxenne that we enjoyed dancing to the same tunes that the threesome played this evening. Lt. Caldwell captured three more Jerry Soldiers this evening and had them turned over to the P.W. Camp nearby. MAY 1 We awoke this morning to find the ground covered with snow, however the Sun soon came out and melted it. This evening a message came over the F/M to send one Man immediately to Bn. Hdqs. to leave on a seven day furough.the Man chosen, by drawing numbers, was Sgt. Kirchner. He was certainly taken by surprise, however it didn't take him very long to pack and leave. He left at 1700 hours for Bn. Hdqrs.2 We are expecting Capt. Merrill out to the Platoon tomorrow to Pay the Men. What good will our monthly Pay be, unless for Card Games, is beyond us. However it is always good to boost our Bank Accounts. The weather continued to be cool with some snow flurries toward evening. The chow has been pretty good these days with quite a