CHANDELLS - LAZY EIGHT - EIGHT'S ON PYLONS
After achieving the recommended entry airspeed and clearing turns for traffic avoidance, enter a 30-degree bank. Smoothly use elevator controls to achieve and maintain a pitch attitude (in relation to the ground) that will slow the airspeed down to just above a stall when reaching the 180-degree point of the turn.
This is where the confusion starts..."How do I know what the proper pitch angle at the 90 degree point is?" A good way to estimate this is by entering a 30-degree turn in level flight, then slow the plane down to within 5 knots of a stall, This is the speed you will want to be at, at the 180 degree point. Look at the horizon in relation to the nose of the aircraft, and remember it... This is the approximate pitch attitude you will need to achieve the desired result.
Starting at the recommended entry airspeed, the object of the maneuver is to steadily decrease airspeed to just above a stall at the 90-degree point of the turn. Then to steadily increase the airspeed during the second 90 degrees of the turn, using a constant power setting. Simultaneously the turn must have a constantly increasing bank angle during the first 90 degrees and constantly decreasing bank angle in the second 90 degrees of the turn. At the 180-degree point, altitude and airspeed must match the entry altitude and airspeed. Doing two 180-degree turns in this manner completes the maneuver.
Eight's on Pylons - text soon
Steep Turns -
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