Kutch is the biggest district of
Gujarat and the second largest after LEH district in
India, and nearly half of that is in the form of Deserted
area called the RANN of about 20,720 square km , white,
salty and like crystal. In this RANN, a place I called
'SURKHAB NAGAR' in which you won't find any human habitat.
It is a home of Flamingos. In Asia, Flamingo's nests
are found only in the big RANN of Kutch. When the water
from sea spreads on this RANN in monsoon, it creates
little ponds of mud everywhere. In this ponds grows
moss little bugs makes them this home. With the sufficient
food source and the security, you won't find any hunter
birds here. In these ponds, flamingos build their nest
and lay their eggs. Flamingos live in big groups. They
land into these ponds in the month of September and
October and built nests near each other by making little
hills of mud. After few days, they build around 12"
high by 10" wide nests. When the mud dries in sun,
the female flamingo lay one or two light eggs in nest
and male and female hatch the eggs turn by turn. Form
the vein of neck of flamingo comes the red liquid like
milk that they feed to their newborn.
say that flamingo migrates from the cold regions to
India in winter but actually they live in India only.
After their newborn get old, they spread in the parts
of the Asia. Flamingos live near river ends, channels,
ponds and near sea levels after monsoon. Flamingos have
special place among tall birds. They live on earth since
millions of years, they are about 4 feet tall and have
long neck and pink coloured wings. Their bodies are
small compare to their height. Their eyes are red. They
fly in-groups in shape of the letter "V"or
sometimes in long row.
Flamingos barely needs description with its long S-curved
neck, long pink legs and thick curved bill. It is pinkish-white
with striking crimson and black wings. A flying flock
with necks and legs outstretched is one of the most
thrilling bird sights. One interesting phenomenon is
that young birds fly while they are still only half-grown
and small flamingos are regularly seen in the flocks.
These sometimes give rise to reports of Lesser Flamingo
but this species is very unlikely in our area as it
has much more specialised feeding requirements and is
almost always found on saline waters. It is a darker
pink bird with a more kinked black-tipped, deep red
bill and red eyes.
call them 'SURKHAB', Fishermen in Maharastra's coast
line call them 'Rohini' or 'Rohit'. In Kutchi, they
call them 'Hanj' and also known as 'Lakhe-Ja-Jani'.
Thousand years ago the king of Kutch called Lakho Fulani
was nature lover. He said that this 'Hanj' are the guests
of Kutch and so if anyone tried to hunt them, he used
to punish them severely. So that's why flamingos are
also known as 'Lakhe-Ja-Jani' in Kutchi.
Maharav Khengarji Bawa is also a Bird and nature lover.
He informed 'Bombay natural History Society'. This was
published in 1896 journal of the society. According
to this, there were around 5,00,000 birds there. Late
Dr. Salim Ali "PAKSHI VISHARAD"also supported
it, after he visited the big desert of Kutch and studied
it well. The region from Khavda to Khadibet in the middle
Khanjda hill in big desert then known as 'Surkhabnagar'.
are four kinds of spices of flamingo in the world today
and among them the greater and the lesser flamingos
are found in India. The difference between these two
is that lesser flamingo as darker pink colour wings
then the grater flamingos. Diet of the flamingos affects
their colour also.
world's industrialisation also affected the habitats
of flamingo. Few years back, when worm control medicines
sprinkled in this region. This medicine mixed with rainwater
and mixed with the river water and came in the desert.
Due to this, the moss of the mud pond and other bugs
were swept away and the lack of food affected the lives
of flamingos. To survive they had to move to other place.
But among the human habitats, they found less space
for them and they divided themselves into small groups.
Due to the security reasons at the border, the army
also came and goes through this area which affected
their quietness. Little time ago, flamingos are also
found in JAKHAU PORT (Near NALIA) Solt works farms and
also in the Lake of MAKANPAR DHONSA near Bhuj (18km).
need to save flamingos, as we are also the part of nature
and survival of all can only stop earth from getting