"Fungi are creatures whose cells have real
nucleus and chlorophyll substance is not seen in their structure", such
as vascular system of the excellent plant.
"If the minerals are available for fungi, they can provide them directly
from the substances mentioned", as the root of plant.
The important point to know is that root are fungi which live in the
soil the and are coexistent with parasite fungi and moss, so they
produce the rooty excellent plant. Dodder, Masslinn and Broomrege have
no root because soil-living fungi have not participated in their group.
Lycopsida (Wolf's claw) plants have no real root, because their group
has not soil-living and coexistent fungi. But in a rooty excellent
plant, there is parasite fungus and moss (Bryophyta), as well as
soil-living fungus. Here, the soil-living fungus absorbs water and
minerals from soil, parasite fungus transmits them to leaves, and moss
provides organic materials. In suitable conditions, these three live
together, but when the conditions change, this kind of life form into
competition life. For example, When we fertilize the plants with
the growth of branches increases. So we have provided the parasite
fungus and it grows more. When we fertilize the plants with Ferro
fertilizer, we have provided the moss plants with necessary minerals, so
the number of leaves increases and more chlorophyll is produced.
In autumn, when it gets cool, the activity of moss plant decreases and
it faints, in this case soil-living fungus takes more advantage of this
condition and absorbs all of the food materials, then saves and uses it
during the winter. Moss plant component on the branches as a dormant bud
and waits for being hot. When it is hot in spring, it starts to grow
again and produces parenchyma tissue. At this time, parasite fungus
finds a suitable condition for growing and penetrates the parenchyma
tissue. Parasite fungus gets the organic materials from moss and uses
some of it itself and gives some to the root (soil-living fungus),
instead, forces him to absorb water and minerals from soil. On the
whole, the life of a plant is a kind of competition between ingredients
or coexistence between these ingredients.
When a excellent plant is placed in droughty region, it uses another
soil-living fungus called Mycorrhiza. The excellent plant joins these
fungus and makes it one of the constructing ingredients. These new
fungus absorb water more and transmit it to other members of the group
(Moss + Parasite fungus + Soil-living fungus), instead, they give a
small amount organic materials to the fungus. So they from a coexistent
life. That is, a simple ingredient is added to the group. Here, changing
the condition is only factor that forces them to accept a new partner.
In a droughty region, when we add mycorrhiza fungi to the soil that the
plants grow better, this is the same as that we add a new atom to a
molecule in order to increase the members of the group.
Sometimes plants diseases can help us to discover components of the
excellent plant. When a pathogen attacks to the plant, it is only able
to destroy one component of the plant. That is, pathogen can not attack
to both the soil-living fungus (root) and moss (parenchyma tissue) as
well as parasite fungus (vessel system). Pathogen only attacks to its
desired tissue and is only able to live inside the tissue and
multiplied. By attacking pathogen to one of the plant ingredients, that
ingredient faints, so the other ingredients in the competition stage
take more advantages of its partner weakness and grow more. For example
"Fan leaf" virus attacks to the parenchyma tissue the vitis' leaf, it
faints moss. At this time, the fungus is benefited from the moss
weakness and grow more and the vein leaves (rib) grow as a thin cord. By
using herbicide hormonal (example: 2,4-D or MCPA), we make this
procedures in the cotton plant. This hormone can weaken the moss
(parenchyma tissue), then parasite fungus grow more and lengthens ribs.
Through using different pathogen and hormonal materials, we can observer
the weakness of one component and more growing of other component.
* "In some kinds of fungus, mycelium consists of relatively thick cord
called Rhizomorph construction is thick and hard and end part of it is
the same as roots of the plants. The resistance of Rhizomorph against
unfavorable and harmful conditions is high they sleep until reaching
season but after providing suitable condition, Rhizomorph starts to grow
and its length increases." This is the same characteristic we have in
the rooty excellent plants.
* "Hyphae will grow under ideal conditions and they have unlimited
growth. According to the accomplished consideration, some of the
colonial fungi have continued living for more them 400 years, several of
the mycelium are living more than one thousand years." This is the case
with excellent plants.
* "During one season, one species of fungus has several asexual
reproduction such being the case that sexual reproduction are reproduced
only once a year." This is exactly the case with excellent plants.
* "By dividing hyphe into different pieces, each of these parts can grow
and create a new fungus. "This procedure is the same as propagation in
* "Circulation of cell nucleus: Fungus like other living beings have
circular process of growing nucleus cell that are involved in two stages
as haploid and diploid and this cycle is similar to the stages of
gametophyte and sporophyte in excellent plants."
* "Wall partition fungus cell is cellulose." As an example of excellent
The result is that this similarity between fungi and excellent plants is
that fungi are the smallest unit of constituent in excellent plants.The
fungus into co-existent or independently have similar characteristics
and that is why excellent plants have the common characteristic