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TEKNIK DAN UMPAN

Teknik Mengawal Joran

Tabiat sesetengah ikan terutama ikan yang bermain didasar laut atau sungai, untuk melepaskan diri ialah dengan cara melarikan diri di celah-celah batu karang atau pokok-pokok tumbang atau dicelah akar kayu. Apa yang perlu anda lakukan, cuba halang perkara ini daripada berlaku dan ia memerlukan kemahiran tertentu. Jika ikan sempat mencari perlindungan, anda akan tertewas tapi jika anda ketatkan butang tarikan pada kekili, tali akan putus. Teknik yang sebaiknya ialah:-

  1. Dengan cara menjatuhkan hujung batang joran selari dengan tarikan ikan tersebut. Biarkan ikan menarik tali itu dalam keadaan lurus.
  2. Selepas itu anda tarik semula tali pancing dengan mengangkat batang joran dalam keadaan selari dengan tarikan ikan itu.
  3. Perlu diingatkan, ketika anda menjatuhkan hujung joran ketika ia menerima tarikan, acap kali ikan berkenaan akan berhenti buat seketika. Jika keadaan seperti ini berlaku, masa itulah anda kawal ikan tersebut dengan melawan tarikannya pula.
  4. Dengan berbuat begini kemungkinan besar anda pasti berjaya menewaskannya.

 

DRIFT FISHING

 

Definition: Surface-midwater fishing from a stationary boat.

It is necessary to attract fish to the stationary boat and chum is often used. Because of the risk of shark and large fish attack, medium (30-50lb) to heavy (80-130lb) tackle is recommended.

Technique:

If using live fish, attach hook to dorsal fish. Attach balloon or bottle 10 -20 m from bait depending on depth of bait required. The use of a wire swivel and some light weights can be used to attain the appropriated depth. The float is then released 50 m from the boat. The balloon serves 2 purposes:

1.       The balloon is larger than the standard float which will be necessary to be visible at 50-100 m from the boat

2.       When the balloon escapes the line, this serves as warning that the fish has taken the bait.

 

TROLLING

 

Definition - dragging bait / lures behind a moving boat.

Trolling is done at the surface (mostly), midwater and floor depending on the type of fish attempted.

 

Specifics:

The larger and faster the fish, the all above categories will increase. That is, heavier tackle, line, hooks, leaders, increased trolling speed and distance.

Although there is no 1 standard to catch all fish, in the medium category, I suggest:

1.       30 lb quality monofilament, 600 metres

2.       Baitcaster reel

3.       15 kg class rod with rollers

4.       5 meters of 80 lb monofilament leader

5.       20 cm of 100 lb steel wire

6.       Rapala magnum CD 14 lures (orange or red-white)

7.       Trolling distance 50 metres

 

SURF CASTING

 

Definition: Fishing from the shore.

Two types:

  1. Using leaders, bait and sinkers, similar to bottom fishing (It is convinient to use an apollo hook configuration)
  2. Fishing with artificial lures

Although it is said that many large fish come within 6 metres from the shore to feed on the marine creatures brought up from the sand due to the action of the waves, Singapore waters have qualities that requires special consideration

Many of our shores are over-fished, frequently disturbed and polluted. It may be necessary to cast further out. Light and long rods (9-16 feet) with lines of 0.20 and above are recommended. Light rods are especially important when using artificial lures, for easy cast and return. Light line must be balanced with large spool capacity of at least 200 m. A good cast can achieve 100-200 m of distance on spinning and multiplier reels but requires a fair bit of skill.

  Many good fishing areas still remain, but are usually difficult to access or restricted. 3-5 kg snakeheads (off Tuas caught with live catfish hooked to a 12 metre nylon rope and thrown into the water), good size groupers, 5-15 kg stingrays, barramundi, tengerri have been brought up.

 

Bait

 

The type of bait really depends on the type of fish in the locality and what they are known to feed on. Generally for sea fishing, marine organisms make the best bait e.g., fish, prawns, squid, crab etc.

 

In the Singapore & Malaysian waters, live prawns and fish (live or filet) are the best all-rounder baits. Around the northeastern coastal waters of Singapore, ie Pongol, Changi and Ubin, live prawns prove useful for day fishing. For night fishing, kelong-caught squid and live mullet (Ohr Haer/Belanak) of 10-15 cm, selar and tamban are recommended.

 

Live fish can be caught by net of jigging. Fresh squid is expensive and can be bought from kelongs and Kangar wholesale market at dawn.

 

Other bait include crabs, which are favorites with groupers and parrot fish flower crabs quartered with the claws removed or those small brownish crabs along the rocky breakwater, used whole with the claws removed again.

 

Wolf herring (Ikan Parang), Ikan Tonggol (Bonito) and Queenfish are other good fish bait.

 

When using filet or strips of squid or fish, cut it into long strips. Movement of these strips in the water / current mimics live bait. For live fish, attach the hook on the lip or close to the dorsal fin, which prevents them from dying and enable them to continue swimming. As many predatory fish snap up whole fish from the back on centre of the bait, hooking near the dorsal fin (centre of the fish) is a better choice.

Attaching the bait to the hook

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Lokasi dan penggunaan umpan

 

A. Umpan Laut Dalam

 

Kebanyakan umpan yang digunakan disini lebih kepada penggunaan Umpan segar dan hidup. Kebiasaan sebelum melakukan aktiviti memancing , usaha mencari umpan hidup akan dilakukan dengan kebanyakannya menggunakan Apollo.

  1. Umpan Ikan Segar spt. Ikan Kembung, Selar, Tamban, Tongkol dll.
  2. Gewang (Rapala)
  3. Sotong Hidup

( Ikan Utama: Tenggeri, Jemuduk, Pari, Alu-Alu, Merah, Yu dll )

 

B. Umpan Air Masin (terutama bahagian Muara Laut)

  1. Udang Hidup
  2. Perumpun
  3. Tamban
  4. Wat Wat Bakau
  5. Hirisan Ikan
  6. Gewang

(Ikan Utama: Siakap,Jenahak, Kaci, Tebal Pipi, Sembilang, Tetanda dll )

 

C. Umpan Ikan Air Tawar (Hulu-Hulu Sungai spt. Tmn. Negara)

Umpan dikawasan ini lebih kepada pembacaan tentang ikan-ikan yang menjadi penghuni sesatu-satu tempat.

  1. Kelapa Sawit
  2. Buah Neram
  3. Ulat Sagu
  4. Cengkerik
  5. Ubi Kayu
  6. Cacing Tanah
  7. Perut Ayam
  8. Gewang (mengilat)

( Ikan Utama: Kelah, Sebarau, Tengas, Kejor, Baung, Kalui, Kelisa dll )

 

D. Umpan Sungai (Lombong,Anak Sungai & Tali Air)

  1. Katak
  2. Cacing
  3. Anak Udang
  4. Pisang
  5. Tepung & Dedak (Hong)
  6. Roti
  7. Anak Ikan
  8. Hati Ayam
  9. Telur Kerengga

(Ikan Utama: Haruan, Patin, Talapia, Rohu, Lampam, Toman, Bujuk dll)

 

E. Umpan Udang Galah, telah menjadi kebiasaan umum Umpan utama ialah Cacing Tanah.

  1. Cacing Tanah
  2. Wat-Wat
  3. Anak Ikan Gapi
  4. Hirisan Sotong (dipotong halus)
  5. Anak Udang

(Tangkapan Utama: Udang Galah,tapi adakalanya mengena ikan seperti Baung, Belida, Duri dan Anak-anak Ikan Sungai)

 

PICKING THE RIGHT COLOR

Consider the conditions around you. Clear water or cloudy water? Calm Surface or broken surface? Is the sun high or low? Is the sky clear or overcast? How deep does the Rapala you're using run? Now that you have the immediate conditions, here are the guidelines to immediate selections:

CLEAR On clear days or in clear water, the silver (S) Rapala is recommended.

CLEAR, DEEP When fishing deep in clear conditions, the silver/blue (SB) Rapala is recommended. Blue maintains its color deeper.

DARK On dark days or in dark water, the gold (G) Rapala is the best.

TURBID In muddy or low visibility water, use a gold/fluorescent red (GFR) Rapala. Also very effective when fishing in the spawning cycle or territorial.

DARK,DEEP In extremely poor lighting or very deep water, the silver/fluorescent chartreuse (SFC) and Firetiger(F) works best.

THE STIMULATOR COLORS
These are the colors that were created to simulate specific forage species.

RAINBOW TROUT (RT) Especially effective wherever there are salmon, trout or chubs present.

PERCH (P) An excellent silhouette lure wherever poor light and clarity conditions exist. Surprisingly good on dark days.

FIRETIGER (FT) Bright finish is the perfect attractant when fishing dark water.

CRAWDAD (CW) For use wherever crayfish are present or as a silhouette diving lure on dark days.

SHAD (SD) The most universal forage color for use in clear conditions.

MACKEREL (GM) Green for dark conditions, blue for clear.

REDHEAD (RH) The wildcard lure color. Creates aggression. Teases strikes.

Be sure to check the locals for colors that work in their area. You may find rainbow trout colors catching fish where there are no rainbow trout or dark water Rapalas catching fish at high noon on a clear day.

 

 

 

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