L - Ö

l - m - n - o -- p - r - s - š> - z - ž - t - u -- v - ä - ö


labid (-on, -oid) - shovel, spade

lač (-un, -uid) - tub

lahj (-an, -oid) - present

lahjoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to present

lain|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - wave

lain|iž (-hen, -eht, -hid) - wave

lamb|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - lamb

lan|geta (-kteb, -ksi) - to fall

lapak (-on, -oid) - 1. flat, plane; 2. sloping

la|ps' (-psen, -st, -psid) - child

laps'||aig (-an, -oid) - childhood

laske - let (it be)

lask|tas (-ese, -ihe) - to descend

lašk (-an, -oid) - lazy

lauč (-an, -oid) - bench

laud (-an, -oid) - 1. board, planck; 2. table

lauk (-an, -oid) - shop, store

lav|a (-an, -oid) - floor (for instance, in a room)

lebai|tas (-dase, -žihe) - to rest

lebu (-n, -id) - rest

lehm (-än, -id) - cow

lehtik (-on, -oid) - copybook

lehte|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - 1. leaf; 2. newspaper

leib (-än, -id) - bread

lep (-an, -oid) - alder

le|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - 1. to lift; 2. to fly

let|e (-ken, -et, -kid) - sand

leved (-an, -oid) - wide, broad

libed (-an, -oid) - 1. slippery; 2. dear, sweet

libu|da (-b, -i) - to rise

libut|ada (-ab, -i) - to lift, raise, to pick up

lidn (-an, -oid) - sity, town

liha (-n, -d) - meat

liin||ma (-n, -id) - vegetable garden

lik|kuda (-ub, -ui) - to move

likund (-an, -oid) - movement

lind (-un, -uid) - bird

lin|dä (-neb, -ni) - to become (governs Translative)

lip|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - box, chest, trunk

liža|ta (-dab, -zi) - to add

londu|z (-sen, -st) - nature

longi (-n, -d) - dinner

lop (-un, -uid) - end

lop||ta (-ib, -i) - to finish, to end

lu (-n, -id) - bone

luge|da (-b, -i) - 1. to read; 2. to count, compute

lugend (-an, -oid) - reading, reading-matter

lugu (-n, -id) - 1. number, digit; 2. counting

lujas adv very

luk|kol (-lon, -loid) - lock

lum|i (-en) - snow

luzik (-an, -oid) - spoon

lühüd (-an, -oid) - short

lühüdas adv - shortly

lühüdašti adv - shortly

läbi preposition or postposition through; usage: alone; läbi + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive; noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + läbi: kastuda läbi to get wet through; läbi seinäs through the wall; mecan läbi through the forest; ön läbi all the night

lä|htta (-hteb, -ksi) - to leave, to go away

lämbit|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to warm, heat; 2. to keep smth going

lämoi (-n, -d) - fire

lä|m' (-män, -mid) - warm

läz preposition near; usage: läz + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Partitive; läz pertid near the house

läžu|da (-b, -i) - to be ill

löc (-un, -uid) - frog

lö|da (-b, -i) - to strike, to beat

löu|ta (-dab, -zi) - to find


ma (-n, -id) - 1. earth, soil, ground; 2. land, country

madal (-an, -oid) - 1. low; 2. shallow

maga|ta (-dab, -zi) - to sleep

maged (-an, -oid) - sweet adv

maguka|z (-han, -st, -hid) - tasty

maht|ta (-ab, -oi) - to be able to, can, know how

maid (-on, -oid) - milk

manit|ada (-ab, -i) - to deceive

manzika|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - strawberry

marj (-an, -oid) - berry

mec (-an, -oid) - forest

meca|ta (-dab, -zi) - to hunt, to go hunting, shootig

mec||kan|a (-an, -oid) - partridge

mecnik (-an, -oid) - hunter

mectu|z (-sen, -st) - hunting

me|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. mind, intellect; 2. mood, frame of mind

mel|a (-an, -oid) - oar, scull

melet|ada (-ab, -i) - to think

meleto|i (-man, -nt, -mid) - mad

mer|i (-en, -id) - see

me|z' (-hen, -st, -hid) - man

me|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - honey

mi - what

midä - what (Partitive)

mihe - 1. why; 2. into what

mikš - why

minä - I, me

miše conjunction - that

mi|tte (-ččen, -ttušt, -ččid) -what sort of; what

mod (-on, -oid) - face

morkofk (-an, -oid) - carrot (< russian [mar'kofka])

muču|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - small

muga - like this/that, in such a way, thus, so

mugo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - such

muite - otherwise

muj|ada (-ab, -i) - to feel

mujand (-an, -oid) - feeling

muju (-n, -id) - 1. colour; 2. paint

mujut|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to colour; 2. to paint

muju||pirdi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - colour pencil

mun|a (-an, -id) - egg

muraha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - ant

murašk (-on, -oid) - cloudberry

muraž||mät (-on, -oid) - ant-hill

murg|in (-n'an, -int, -nid) - breakfast

muru (-n, -id) - crumb

must (-an, -oid) - black

mustika|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - bilberry

mušt|ta (-ab, -oi) - to remember, bear/keep in mind

mäg|i (-en, -id) - mountain

män|da (-eb, -i) - to go

mänet|ada (-ab, -i) - to spend

märg (-an, -id) - wet, damp

mö - we

mö|da (-b, -i) - to sell

möhä adv - late

möst - again, once again, once more, anew>

nacein - maybe

nagl (-an, -oid) - nail

nagr|da (-ab, -oi) - to laugh

nahk (-an, -oid) - skin, hide, leather, pelt

naku - here

nave|t't'a (-dib, -di) - to like

nece - this

neda|l' (-lin, -l't, -lid) - week

negl (-an, -oid) - needle

neglik (-on, -oid) - hedgehog

neičuka|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - (little) girl

nei|žne (-čen, -dišt, -čid) - girl, lass, lassie

ne|l'l' (-än, -id) - four

nel'l'||tošt||kümne (nellän||tošt||kümnen, nellid||tošt||kümnid) - fourteen

nellänz||päiv (-än, -id) - Thursday

nen|a (-an, -oid) - nose

nenaga|ta (-ndeb, -nzi) - to be obstinate, to dig one's heels in

nene - these

nevo|da (-b, -i) - to advise

nevond (-an, -oid) - advice

nevond||kund (-an, -oid) - council

nim|i (-en, -id) - name

ninga - like this/that, in such a way, thus, so <

ningo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - such

nit (-un, -uid) - 1. meadow, grassland; 2. hayfield

ni|t' (-tin, -tid) - thread

n'ok (-un, -uid) - beack

nor (-an, -oid) - rope

no|r' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - young

nou|sta (-zeb, -zi) - to get up

nukku|da (-b, -i) - to doze, nod, slumber

nügüd' - now

nägišt|ada (-ab, -i) - to see

nägub - apparently, evidently

nägu|da (-b, -i) - to be discernible/visible

näd (-an, -id) - marten

nä|hta (-geb, -gi) - to see

näu|kta (-gub, -gui) - to mew


oc (-an, -id) - forehead

oige|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to send

oiged (oiktad, oiktoid) adj  - 1. right; 2. straight

oikti adv - right

oj|a (-an, -id) - brook, rill

okha - let + infiniitive (for instance: let him do it)

oks (-an, -id) - branch, bough

olda (om, oli) - to be

om - is (he, she, it)

omb|elta (-leb, -li) - to sew

ongit|ada (-ab, -i) - to fish (for)

openda|i (-jan, -jid) - teacher

ope|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to teach

orav (-an, -id) - squirrel

ost|ta (-ab, -i) - to buy

ozai|ta (-dab, -ži) - 1. to guess, to solve; 2. to get to, reach

ozoite|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - 1. riddle; 2. enigma, mystery

ozut|ada (-ab, -i) - to show

ot|ta (-ab, -i) - to take


pac|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - post, pole

pad|a (-an, -oid) - pot

pagi|šta (-žeb, -ži) - to speak

pah|a (-an, -oid) - 1. bad; 2. cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured; 3. spiteful, malicious

paid (-an, -oid) - shirt

paik (-an, -oid) - shawl, kerchief

pajat|ada (-ab, -i) - to sing

pajo (-n, -id) - song

paka|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - frost

paki|ta (-čeb, -či) - to ask for

paks (-un, -uid) - thick

paku|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - yellow

pal|ada (-ab, -oi) - to burn, to be burning, to be on

pan|da (-eb, -i) - to put

paremba - better

pašt|ta (-ab, -oi) - 1. to bake; 2. to shine

peda|i (-jan, -jid) - pine(-tree)

peit|ta (-ab, -i) - to hide smth.

penz|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - bush

pe|n' (-nen, -n't, -nid) - small, little

per|t' (-tin, -tid) - house, building

pert||ede|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - ante-room, antechamber

pe|sta (-zeb, -zi) - to wash smth.

pez|a (-an, -oid) - nest, den, lair

piču|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - (very) small, little

pidab - it is necessary to...

pid|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to hold; 2. to keep; 3. to wear, to have on

pigai - soon

pihk (-un, uid) - thicket

pih|l' (-län, -lid) - rowan-tree, mountain ash

pil'v (-en, -id) - cloud

pimed (-an, -oid) adj - dark

pimed adv - dark

pirdi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - pencil

pirg (-an, -oid) - cake, pie, pasty, tart

pir|ta (-dab, -di) - to draw, to paint

pit'k (-än, -id) - long

pohjo|ine (-ižen, -št) noun - the north

pohjo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) adj - northern

poig (-an, -id) - 1. son; 2. cub, baby-animal, 

poim|da (-ib, -i) - to pick, to gather, to harvest

polhe - postposition about; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + polhe; minun kirjan polhe about my book

pol|kta (-geb, -gi) - to tread (on)

pordh|ad (-id) - stairs

priha|ine boy

pu (-n, -id) - tree

pudr (-an, -oid) - porridge

puht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - clean

puišt (-on, -oid) - park

puzu (-n, -id) - basket

pü (-n, -id) - hazel-grouse

pühk|ta (-ib, -i) - to clean

pühä||päiv (-än, -id) - Sunday

pä (-n, -id) - 1. head; 2. top

päipašt (-on, -oid) - heat of the sun

päiv (-än, -id) - day

päivita|i (-jan, -jid) - smbd on duty

päiv||kodi (-n, -id) - kindergarten

päivä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - sun

päl - postposition over (static); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + päl; kuva ripub leden päl the picture hangs over the fireplace

päle - postposition over (in some directtion); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + päle; lendim lendab mecan päle the airplane flies over the forest

päliči - preposition or postposition over, across; in (some time), (some time) later; usage: päliči + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive, or noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive + päliči; päliči sildas across the bridge; päliči  kahtes päiväs in two days; vodes päliči  a year later

päst|ta (-ab, -i) - 1. to let out (in); 2. to release; 3. to discharge; 4. to publish; 5. to issue; 6. to eject (a shell...); 7. to dismiss smb., smth., to disband (dissolve) smth.; 8. to undo (one's hair, smth. knitted...)

päz|da (-ub, -ui) - 1. to go out, to leave, to withdraw; 2. to go through; 3. to come down, to go down

pätnič (-an, -id) - Friday

pöl'gästu|da (-b, -i) - to be/feel frightened, to get a fright

pölu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - pillow

pölv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - flax

pölü (-n) - dust

pöud (-on, -oid) - field

pövu (-n, -id) - fir coat



rad (-on, -oid) - work, job

rahto|d (-id) - curds, cottage cheese

rahva|z (-han, -st, -hid) - 1. nation, the people; 2. people

rand (-an, -oid) - 1. shore; 2. edge; 3. land, region

raud (-an) - iron (metal)

raud||te (-n, -id) - railway

raud|ad (-oid) - scissors

ra|ta (-dab, -doi) - to work

rebit|ada (-ab, -i) - to tear, to rend

reboi (-n, -d) - fox

redu (-n) - dirt

reduka|z (-han, -st, -hid) - dirty

reg|i (-en, -id) - sledge, cart

reig (-un, -uid) - hole

rigehti|da (-b) - to hurry, to be in a hurry

rik|ta (-ob, -oi) - to kill

rindal adv. or postposition near, close by, beside, next to smb., smth.; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + rindal; tatam seižub rindal my father stands near; hän ištuihe minun rindal he took a seat next to me

rindati - near (one another );  meiden perttid oma rindati our houses stand near one another

rip|ta (-ub, - ui) - to hang

rugi|ž (-hen, -št, -hid) - rye

runo (-n, -id) - poem

rus|ked (-ttan, -ttoid) - red

ruš|täs (-iše, -ihe) - to undress

ruzu (-n, -id) - rag, duster

räk noun heat

räk adj. hot (weather...)



sabut|ada - to overtake, to catch up with

sa|da (-b, -i) verb - to get, to receive, to obtain

sad|a (-an, -oid) - one hundred

sambutada(-ab, -i) - to put out, to extinguish

san|a (-an, -oid) - word

san|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - 1. stout, fat; 2. thick, heavy

sanu|da (-b, -i) - to say, to tell

sanund (-an, -oid) - sentence

sanute|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - story

sap|ug (-kan, -koid) - boot, top-boot

sarn (-an, -oid) - fairy-tale

sau|bata (-ptan, -psi) - 1. to close, to shut; 2. to switch off; 3. to close down

se (-n) pronoun - that

segl (-an, -oid) - sieve

seičem|e (-en, -id) - seven

seičeme||kümne (seičemen||kümnen, seičemid||kümnid) - seventy

seičeme||tošt||kümne (seičemen||tošt||kümnen, seičemid||tošt||kümnid) - seventeen

sein (-än, -id) - wall

sei|šta (-žub, -žui) - to stand

sel'g (-än, -id) - 1. back; 2. range, ridge

sel'|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - 1. transparent, limpid, pellucid; 2. clear, 3. understandable, justifiable; 4. clear,intelligible, comprehensible;

se|n' (-nen, -nid) - mushroom

sid' pronoun here

sid' adv afterwords

sido|da (-b, -i) - 1. to tie, to knot; 2. to link up, to connect, to put in touch; 3. to bind together

sigä pronoun there

sij|a (-an, -oid) - 1. place; 2. (magaduz||sija) bed

sikš - therefore, that is why, consequently

siloi - then

sil'm (-än, -id) - eye

sini|ne (-žen, -žid) - blue

sinnä - there, in that direction

sinä (sinun) - thou (you)

sireti - near to each other

sir|ta (-dab, -di) - to move

sizar (-en, -id) - sister

sob|a (-an, -id) - clothes

sobat (-an, -oid) - Saturday

sor'm (-en, -id) - finger

sorz (-an, -oid) - duck

sou|ta (-dab, -di) - to row, to pull, to scull, to paddle

su (-n, -id) - mouth

sug|a (-an, - id) - comb

sug|da (-ib, -i) - to comb

suk|s' (-en, -id) - ski

sumeg (-en, -id) - mist, fog

sur' (suren, surid) - big, large

suug (-an, -id) - 1. wing; 2. fin, flipper

suv|i (-en) - south

südä|in (-imen, -nt, -imid) - heart

sügü|z' (-zen, -zid) - autumn

süv|ä (-än, -id) - deep, profound

sä (-n, -id) - weather

säs'k (-en, -id) - mosquito

särg (-in, -id) - roach

sö|da (-b, -i) - to eat

söm (-än, -id) - food

söm||laud (-an, -oid) - dinner table

söm||sij|a (-an, -oid) - canteen, cafe



šap|uk (-kan, -koid) - hat

štar|kta (-gub, -gui) - to ski, to go for a sledge ride

šuuk (-un, -uid) - silk



zavo|tta (-dib, -di) - to begin, to start

zerk|ol (-lon, -loid) - mirror, looking glass



žir (-un, -uid) - floor (storey)

živat (-an, - oid) - beast



tab|a (-an, -oid) - nature, disposition, character

taba|ta (-dab, -zi) - to catch

tac|ta (-ib, -i) - 1. to throw; 2. to leave, to abandon, to desert, to quit

taga postposition behind, after smb., smth.; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + taga; prihaine seižub pertin taga a boy is standing behind the house

taga|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - back, rear, hind

tagaz(e) adv - backwards, back

taht - will, wish, desire

taht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - paste, dough

tahtoi|da (-b) - to want

taiv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - sky

tal'v (-en, -id) - winter

tan|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - 1. yard; 2. cattle-shed

tarbiž - it is necessary, one must

tart|ta (-ub, -ui) - 1. to stick to, to adhere to; 2. to pester smb., to badger smb.

te (-n, -id) - road, way

tedišt|ada (-ab, -i) - to find out

tehta (tegeb, tegi) - to do, to produce

telust|ada (-ab, -i) - to prevent, to interfere, to hinder

terv|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - healthy

tervhen! - good morning/afternoon/evening; how do yoou do

teta (tedab, tezi) - to know

tija|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - tit, titmouse

tik (-an, -oid) - woodpecker

toda (tob, toi) - to bring

tohu|s (-sen, -st, -sid) - candle

to|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - 1. second; 2. other

tom' (tomen, tomid) - bird-cherry tree

tozi (toden, tot, tozid) - truth

tožnarg (-en, -id) - Tuesday

tullei (-n, -d) - wind

tusk (-an) - distress, boredom

tutab (-an, -id) - well-known

tul|da (-eb, -i) - to come

tütär' (tütren, tütrid) - daughter

tün' (tünen, tünid) - quit, calm

tädi (-n, -d) - aunt

tägä - here

täht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - star

tämbei - today

tänna - here (this way)

täs - here

täspäi - from here

tätü|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - doll

täu|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - full

tö - you



uju|da (-b, -i) - to swim

uin|ota (-dab, -zi) - to fall to sleep

uit (-on, -oid) - pond

uk (-on, -oid) - old man, elder

uks' (uksen, uksid) - door

uni (unen, unid) - dream

unoht|ada (-ab, -i) - to forget

urb (-an, -id) - bud, shoot

uz' (uden, ut, uzid) - new



vaht|ar' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - maple

vahv (-an, -oid) - 1. strong, hardy; 2. firm; 3. reliable; 4. durable, stable

vai - or

vaiknašti - softly, silently, noiselessly, still

vaiše - only

vaitti - softly, silently, noiselessly, still

vajeh (vaihen, vaihid) - word

valada - to pour

vald (-an, -oid) - 1. will; 2. freedom, liberty; 3. power

vald||kund (-an, -oid) - state, country, nation

vanh (-an, -oid) - old

vanhemb (-an, -oid) - 1. older, elder; 2. senior; 3. adult, one's elder, parent

varai|ta (-dab, -ži) - to be afraid

varast|ada (-ab, -i) - to wait

varjoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to guard, to protect, to be on watch

variš (-an, -id) - crow

vast (-an, -oid) - besom

vau|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - white

vaum|iž (-hen, -išt, -hid) - ready, complete

ve|da (-b, -i) - to bring, lead, to take away

ved|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to bring, to transport, to convey; 2. to pull, to tow, to haul; 3. to draw smb.; 4. to weigh

vedeka|z (-han, -ast, -hid) - damp, moist, humid, watery

veič (-en, -id) - knife

vel'l' (vellen, vellid) - brother

veneh (-en, -t, -id) - boat

venäks - in Russian

vepslä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - Veps, Vepsian

vepsäks - in Vepsian

vepsän ke|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - Vepsian language

ver|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - 1. other people's, another's; 2. strange, unfamiliar; 3. foreign, alien

ver|da (-eb, -i) - 1. to lie down, to go to bed; 2. to fall, to drop

ver|i (-en, -t, -id) - blood, gore

ve|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - water

vihand (-an, -oid) - green

vihm (-an, -oid) - rain

vihm|da (-ub, -ui) - to rain

vilu (-n, -id) noun cold, coldness

vilu (-n, -id) adj cold

virit|ada (-ab, -i) - to light, to turn on the light

viž (viden, vit) - five

viž||kümne (viden||kümnen, vit||kümned) - fifty

viž||tošt||kümne (viden||tošt||kümnen, vit||tošt||kümned) - fifteen

voi (-n, -d) - butter, oil

voi|da (-b) - to can, to be able

voik|ta (-ab, -i) - to cry, to weep

voz' (voden, vot, vozid) - year

vouv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - bright, light, light-coloured

väg|i (-en, -id) - strength, force, might

vähä - a little, not enough

väzu|da (-b, -i) - to get tired

vä|ta (-ndab, -ndi) - to play

vö (-n, -id) - belt

völ - yet, still, (some) more



übu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - snow-drift

ühes|a (-an, -id) - nine

ühesa||kümne (ühesan||kümnen, ühesad||kümned, ühesid||kümnid) - ninetty

ühesa||tošt||kümne (ühesan||tošt||kümnen, ühesid||tošt||kümnid) - nineteen

ühtes - togetther

ühtnägoi - immediately, suddenly, all of a sudden

üks' (ühten, üht) - one

üksnäin (me), üksnäiž (thou), üksnäze (he) - alone

ülemba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - upper

ülez - up, upwards

ülähän - above, upstairs

ümbri preposition or postposition around, about, above; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive + ümbri or ümbri + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive; ümbri küläs around the village; joges ümbri above the river



äi - a lot, many, much

äiak - how much, how many

äkkid - suddenly, all of a sudden

änik (-on, -oid) - flower

än' (änen, än't, änid) - voice

äred (-an, -oid) - cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured, cross, angry



ö (-n, -id) - night

ö||läpak (-on, -oid) - bat



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