Ethiopian History


Ethiopia's pre-historic era is filled with countless stories, endless quests for greatness, plenty of adventures, ideal societies, and great richness. This era has spanned over three millenniums and has made Ethiopia one of the great nations.

This land called Ethiopia has seen emperors and queens who had great visions and imaginations that made their work larger than life. Some even became so famous their legends travelled across the four corners of the earth. Ethiopian civilizations were at their peak at a time where other cultures lived in caves. Later these civilizations will be extinct and their magnificent glories will be burried under endless foreign invasions, internal conflicts, and natural disasters that hit this land of great wonders.

But for now we will travell back in time and will rediscover the lost civilizations of Ethiopia. To make it easy to navigate, I have put the pre-history era of Ethiopia into these categories.

      Axumite Empire
      Zagwe Dynasty
      Agew Dynasty
      Solomonistic Dynasty

Modern history

The time after the down fall of the 'Zemene Mesafint' (Era of the princes) in late 19th century will best describe modern Ethiopia. This is due to the fact that most of the current institutions in Ethiopia were in one way or anoter formed/built during this time period. In this period Ethiopia has taken part in some of Africa's and world's great wars, has been part of the League of nations and later the United Nations. During this time Ethiopia has also participated in international treaties that have become the reason for the current political, social, and economical termoil facing the region.

Also, during the period after World War II, Ethiopia's place in Africa's history regarding Europe's African colonization has been the talking subject of the world. Ethiopia, all around, remained an independent state because it was able to defeat European powers who came to colonize the country. For most African states this independent status of Ethiopia gave a tremendous moral support in their fight for independence against colonial powers in the 1950's and 60's. Furthermore, when the OAU was formed Ethiopia was chosen to be home for the executive branch of the organization.

But in recent years, most of the world remembers Ethiopia as a horror place where millions die in famines, civil wars, and diseases. It has also been seen as a home for dictatorship and aristocracy. Ethiopia is now one of the poorest nations in the world and it seems that things are not going to be better any time soon.

In order to have a clear understanding of what went wrong, I have divided the modern time history in the following groups. For an indepth analysis I suggest you read the books that are listed at the end of each section.

      Haileselasie's Time
      The Derg
      The TPLF Rule

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