Clock Pivot Burnishing Using Jacot Drum in WW Lathe



Jacot Drum for working on pivots from 0.35 mm to 1.45 mm diameter.


Jacot Drum mounted in the same runner that is used as a carrier for a centring plate when drilling an arbour. 

The same centring runner is used to properly orient Jacot Drum 

Jacot Drum mounted in the lathe tailstock with carrier runner and wheel supported in a female centre with a driver plate screwed on a lathe nose and a lathe dog used to drive the wheel. 

With a lathe motor set to a slow speed all is ready to apply burnisher. 

To get overall picture completed, here is a Pivot File - Burnisher Combination that I use on clock pivots.

A very high quality one with a matching price to go with it.

For filing I do not use any lubricant and for burnishing I use kerosene (the smelly staff) in fairly liberal quantities as it serves to wash the swarf away as well as help burnishing process. 


Here is a close up image of a Jacot Drum face. 

If You observe closely You can see that the openings are not half of the diameter of the pivot.

The openings are exposing only 0.05 mm (0.002") of the pivot so that when You burnish the pivot You only can work on the exposed section. 

To illustrate this I have placed a red dot on the top of the image so that it can be readily observed.

Detalied view of Jacot Drum geometry
  Jacot Drum is made of steel and is heat treated to be as hard as glass so that if You do touch it with a file it just runs over it with almost no friction. It is precision ground to enable secure use of a pivot file and burnisher so that the pivot when finished has sharp edges with planes at right angles to each other and most important that it has no taper.

If You use pivot file, with Jacot Drum, then You cannot get pivot tapered as only a tiny section of pivot is exposed and You do have a guide for filing, the area ground flat on top of the opening.

Furthermore, I believe that the Jacot drums, which expose half of the pivot circumference can only be used as a support for polishing because without a guide they provide an easy means of getting pivot tapered. 

The cost of these thingies is rather on the  prohibitive side as it runs in the neighbourhood of some US$ 1200 and more for a Jacot Drum, one centring plate, one Carrier runner, two drill holding runners and one centring runner. Nevertheless they are still substantially lower in price then Rollimats, providing that You already have a WW style lathe.

   There was an interesting study made by Robert Whiteman where he compared different methods of pivot preparation. Pivot burnishing was one of the methods studied using electron scanning microscope which has shown surfaces after the work on pivots was done. 

A very interesting reading, to say the least!


  Whiteman Pivot Analysis 1
  Whiteman Pivot Analysis 2




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