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Who Killed Zviad Gamsakhurdia ┼╚╠ ╦═╔╩└ Ă┼╚└├╚

by Adam Lazi

"Woe to you, teachers of the law  and Pharisees, you hypocrities!
You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous".
(the Gospel according to Mathhew)

"I know your deeds, your hard work and your perserverance
I know that you cannot tolerate wicked men, that you have
tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false."
(the Revelation of Jesus Christ)

"You have helped people, Prometh, let them help you now.
(from the Greek myth)

He is born free and will die free. You guess that is Dzokhar Dudaev, captain Nemo of our days, and this  is Chechnya - Nautilus, the implement of revenge of cruelty of the Russian Empire, or green Sherwood Forest. The second is noble, unprotected and pure, combines wisdom of the great scientist and talent of the writer and stableness of a martyr, trustfulness of a child. This is a king of Matishon of our days. All his life he struggled with the communism and liberated from it his small country. He is an eternal dissident, passed over prisons, tortures, penal servitude. Coming to the power he refused to pay for entrance - to kill the little 'czarevich' [prince] that does nearly every president till nowadays. After 40 years of struggle he isn't tired to fight as a captain on the burning ship and soon he goes to the bottom, then I'll lower the flag. This is Zviad Gamsakhurdia, custodian of Georgian wisdom and Georgian honour. My sword belongs to them and I always keep them company for they are ready to die, what for Russia is waiting impatiently. 
 Valeria Novodvorskaia




We'll let ourselves consider the existence of two Russias - democratic and antidemocratic Russia- before touching up the subject of the present booklet. Valeria Novodvorskaia's words, mentioned above, are not accidental, as she is an expresser of anti-imperialist sentiments of the Russian democrats. It's necessary to mark here that Russian democrats had been joined by the absolute majority of Russians that live in Georgia. Most of them had voted for the independence of Georgia and Zviad Gamsakhurdia, though somebody is eager to heaten up the rumours about the oppression of the Russians.

When speaking about the Russian democrats' aspirations, better to recollect the quotation from the letter of Andrei Podkopalev: "The USSR had collapsed. National republics had got independence.

Is that good or bad from the point of view of invisible operators of processes? Very good!" (Komsomolskaya Pravda, May 12, 1993).

What moves Russian democrats? Undoubtedly, first of all they take care of the prestige of Russia, what till now remains an only empire on the earth. In their opinion Russia must make itself free from imperial ambitions and build up a democratic country.

"I find we should take down a peg or two, then we'll become more modest and begin to cultivate our own garden. For the present we don't own much modesty" (Owner no. 6, 1993), says Russian democrat and patriot Mark Zakharov.

Democratic Russia is struggling for complete sovereingnity of Russia, though the imperial forces are still strong. Information from the Russian press. It's not without reason mentioned that in Peterburg in 1993 was held a meeting of Russian nationalists, who expressed their readiness to struggle for restoration of the boundaries from 1945, and were singing nationalist songs. The leader of this movement is Yuri Belyaev, the deputy of the Peterburg Soviet. Mr. Belyaev dreams about the preservation of the empire that does good to his mother country. As apologists of preservation of the Russian Empire appear people of no Russian nationality. They lead the publicity into error and put up resistance to democrats. We offer the speech of the former chairman of the Council of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet, Mr.Ramazan Abdulatipov: "...If someone, for instance in Georgia, begins to speak about Russians as occupants who by force joined it to Russia, it should be reminded to them that Georgia in its time was standing on the verge of physical annihilation and would be annihilated in reality, if not Russia". (Argumenty and Fakty no. 7, 1993).

It seems to this great politician that if a great country has lent a helping hand and has saved it from physical annihilation, the contribution for that is everlasting slavery and obedience.

It should be reminded to Mr.Abdulatipov however that during the 20th century all the empires desintegrated, with the exception of the Russian. This is a natural process and historical necessity, the Russian modernized empire will also degenerate.

And it is no coincidence that comparisons with the Latin American countries appear. Professor Karen Khachaturian asserts that: "...About one more lesson, that Latino-Americans had studied long ago. About the military coup d'état as the sharpest manifestation in the class struggle for power, pivot of the history of Latin- American countries nearly one century and a half. Something of that kind begins to happen at the southern frontiers of Russia, in the Caucasus and Central Asia. For instance in Georgia -after finding the constitutional president Z. Gamsakhurdia. Conjure up the shadows of drama personages of half a century, if to substitute Georgia for one of the states of Central America, Moscow for Washington, Transcaucasian military district for the military district under U.S. command in the Panama Canal region". (Novaya Gazeta, July 8, 1993).

Though the preface turned out a little bit overburdened, I think it's necessary. The aim is to show who was fighting against whom in Georgia, and had won by whose help.


Against whom was struggling Zviad Gamsakhurdia

During the times of battle with Titans the
lightning of Zeus burnt down every living thing
on the earth and it became deserted.

(From the Greek myth).


Zviad Gamsakhurdia was struggling against the communists and enemies of people. In battle with Titans Zeusis were becoming obstacles. He heard the critics of communists may be from his childhood, instead of lullabies in the house of the classic of Georgian literature, Konstantine Gamsakhurdia. Merab Kostava was also brought up in that house.

Zviad and Merab are joining the national movement from the 9th form. The people of their age remember their first steps in this movement. At the age of 14 they, together with likeminded persons, had taken away the bust of Lenin from the entrance hall and had hidden it away forever. The boys have paid a heavy price for that, KGB revealed 'the crime', the boys were saved only by the reputation of Konstantine Gamsakhurdia.

Where are the sources of Zviad Gamsakhurdia's longing for struggle for freedom of Georgia? In his childhood, in the house of his father, Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, were gathering Georgian patriots, and always the questions of the Motherland's fortune and the ways of its liberation were raised. In that atmosphere Zviad absorbed craving to emancipate his homeland and maintained that feeling till the end. He was a veritable champion and faithful knight of Georgia.

...The unforgettable day of March 9, 1956, what stipulated then the protest of the Georgian people? It's paradoxical, but fact - the Georgians were excited by the dethronement of the cult of Stalin's personality, the man who had annexed his independent country with the secret support of Lenin, and beforehand had divided it between Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Zviad and Merab tried to bring demands about the independence of Georgia on the meeting in Tbilisi... In respond repressions fell upon them, but even that cannot crush the youth.

Zviad masters some languages, writes verses, intensively studies philosophy (but not marxism-leninism!), history. With his uncommon erudition he surprises not only his friends and historians, but also all outstanding persons of Georgia.

Immediately of course appear the enviers... Many of them at the present moment fill up the ranks of the mafiosi and criminal government and parliament of E. Shevardnadze.
Zviad Gamsakhurdia with an astonishing exactness predicted the great unfortune of his country, as he had told at his last session of the Supreme Soviet: "First of all, in case of my resignation the criminals will come to power, in the second place Georgia will be divided into small states, thirdly, they will begin to quarrel with each other".

And everything had come true. On the basic positions are criminal elements (about what we can be surprised if the second figure in the state is the thief-in-law D. Ioseliani?). Many members of parliament and government are criminals. They rob honest people and the state, buying abroad cottages, villas and land. Credits from state banks are distributed to pseudoparties, to leaders or to false firms. Billions of rubles are used for private wealth, and people grow poorer, not by days, but by the hour.

The KGB had used its complete arsenal against dissidents in the times of Brezhnev. The former general of KGB, mr. Oleg Kalugin, gave an interview to the correspondent of the newspaper Moscow News (no. 50, 08-12-1993) and marked that: "...Against those such as Sakharov, Solzhenitsyn and Gamsakhurdia was working the 5th department of KGB. In its structure was the 12th laboratory that was researching poisons to influence the brains of the above- mentioned persons and many others...".

Zviad was 'treated' in Serbsky Institute. However, not this institute, nor KGB and its 12th laboratory could break his health and also his will of victory. They were tired to fight with him.

Z. Gamsakhurdia and M. Kostava, together with their comrades, are doing impossible things in the condition of the existing regime in the period from 1956 to 1989 - they kindle the idea of the national-liberation movement. Nobody, after I.Chavchavadze, could raise the level of the Georgian national consciousness as Zviad Gamsakhurdia could. He travelled a lot in all regions of Georgia and met with many people. Those meetings more and more showed how in the empire of evil human rights were violated in all places, and the existing regime was indifferent to solve the problems. And Zviad Gamsakhurdia establishes the Georgian Helsinki Union in 1976 to defend human rights.


The communist mafia understood that a serious opponent appeared.

They began to work over and influence the supporters and friends of Zviad. KGB declares him as being their agent. Servants of the regime committed real psychological terror. Not only psychological. They also poisoned all poultry in the yard, and the yard of Gamsakhurdia was known for everybody by its variety of representatives of the world of animals. Around the house of Gamsakhurdia there was often made unbearable noise, but the experienced former patient of the Serbsky Institute didn't fall for these provocations. Many sufferings experienced the wife of Z. Gamsakhurdia - Manana Archvadze-Gamsakhurdia. She always was together with her husband, and issued handwritten journals with severe criticism of the regime.

In 1977 the KGB comes to stronger actions - the arrests of Zviad and Merab. Merab takes all the responsibilities on him, not to expose the national-liberation movement of Georgia, and Zviad is released after three years of detention. They forced Zviad to sign a letter in which he declared to stop his political dissident activities. Though he more intensifies the struggle for the freedom of Georgia. The KGB does not leave this unanswered: still psychological terror, still bribery of comrades, aspersion...

Zviad, together with the political and dissident activities, leads fruitful work as a scientific worker of the Institute of Literature. Fundamental scientific work about Rustaveli, translations of American and French poets and 'forbidden' Steiner - all these find the gratitude of readers.

Under the leadership of Z. Gamsakhurdia and M. Kostava grandeur meetings are held in Tbilisi on April 4, 1989. Participants in the national movement demanded the independence of Georgia. On the 9th of April an army of special destination disperses the meeting. 21 persons were killed, basically women. More than 3000 persons are poisoned by gas. The organizers of the meeting are arrested. Under the demand of world publicity they were released after two months.

In April 1990, on the initiative of Z. Gamsakhurdia, the political organisation 'Round Table' was established, that declares decisive struggle against the communist party of Georgia and the Soviet regime. On the 28th of October of the same year the political bloc 'Round Table-Free Georgia' is the winner in multiparty elections. On the 14th of April, at the first session of the Supreme Soviet, Z. Gamsakhurdia is elected chairman and on the 26th of May, 1991, as the President of Georgia.

This was the only case of public presidential elections in the former USSR. Z.Gamsakhurdia and parliament, keeping to the international standards from the first session already, began to struggle for the freedom of Georgia. To the Russian army, that was dislocated in Georgia, was given the status of an occupational army. Georgia was recognized by 22 states of the world. The long-suffering Georgian people was celebrating the victory. But Satan was not asleep.

Shevardnadze, as a chief producer of the putsch in Tbilisi, December 1991-January 1992, didn't show up in the arena. Former labours (discredited elements) and also offended former comrades of the president separately arrived from Tbilisi in Moscow to see Shevardnadze. Later it became clear that Shevardnadze promised to many of them the first posts if they would help to overthrow the legitimate president Gamsakhurdia.

The opposition created an alliance of corrumpted elements with criminal surroundings, and with the help of the Transcaucasian military district they attacked the lawful government in all possible ways:

  • economic sabotage (for the reason to make sure to people that Zviad Gamsakhurdia leads them into a catastrophe), b) informational blockade and propaganda against the president as a dictator,
  • the inflammation of passions concerning the infringement upon the interests of national minorities, what as if exists on the territory of Georgia.

Shevardnadze was supported not only by internal forces, he called foreign armed forces to overthrow the legitimate government of his own country. Former mayor of Moscow, Gavril Popov, later confessed in broadcasts that the coup d'état in Georgia had cost Moscow 65 million rubles.

On the 22nd December, 1991, the military coup d'état began. The president had enough forces to subdue the communist mafias forces' resistance, but having heard that in fights were involved special troops (spetsnaz) from Moscow, to avoid bloodshed the president left Tbilisi on the 6th of January 1992. And yet again Moscow decided by whom Georgia would be governed - E. Shevardnadze, co-author of the scenario of the Tbilisi putsch, ex-minister of foreign affairs of the USSR and earlier first secretary of the central committee of the Georgian Communist party.


Who was fighting against Zviad Gamsakhurdia

"...what was, that will be, and what was done, that will be done.."


To explain the reasons of temporary defeat is not possible without characterising the antipode of Z. Gamsakhurdia - Eduard (Georgi) Shevardnadze. In his youth he became a Komsomol worker.

From the very beginning in his own region, then in Kutaisi and Tbilisi. He came to the post of first secretary of the Tbilisi party district committee. Everybody was sure that he has achieved what he wanted. But they were mistaken - 'flaming communist' must do something to approve his image of irreconcilable to negative phenomena, uncompromisable and honest member of the party. And here was fabricated the case of the brothers Lazishvili - representatives of 'shady economics'. The 'flaming communist' made a mistake: Lazishvili brothers were already discredited and the ordinary first secretary was no hindrance for them. Discredited friends decided to get out of a 'zealous communist'. And all that was going on for some months...

With the help of former Komsomol colleagues in Moscow Shevardnadze is appointed deputy minister of internal affairs in Georgia.

The fundament of the alliance between Moscow and Shevardnadze was laid. In Iskaltubo one of the relatives of Lazishvili killed a man in a car crash. 'Corrumpted friends' ordered the minister of internal affairs to hide away this accident. Shevardnadze denunciated of this event in Moscow to his friend. After two or three days Shevardnadze becomes the Minister of Internal Affairs.

In that way in Moscow they are firmly confirmed in the image of the incompromising communist E.A. Shevardnadze.

There began massive arrests - from the labours of directorate to the rector of the Tbilisi Medical Institute - Gelbakhiani, the director of the weaving fabric - Babunashvili. Useless people are dying one by one under mysterious circumstances: secretary of the central committee Gegeshidze, Gigiberia, Gogichaishvili, chairman of the Council of Ministers of Georgia - Pataridze. On their posts are promoted 'comrades' with a dark past. People understood that Shevardnadze took his mask, but it is unbelievable that yesterday's 'irreconcilable communist' suddenly found himself among such people. He knows rather well that enemies should be annihilated and in an alliance with KGB in Tbilisi is established a special prison - Special Isolator 1 MIA-USSR, Special Isolator- 2 KGB-USSR. Special corps 11, a butchery for prisoners, where were used terrible methods of torture: beatings with iron twigs, piercing with iron 'needles', hanging upside down, cauterization of the body by burning cigarettes, electro shocks, rape.

To create the image of a principal communist Shevardnadze uses different means, he aspires to be the first in everything. So, for example, he is the one and only person who called L.I.

Brezhnev 'Leader', to win the favour of the KGB-bosses, Shevardnadze was the first in the history of the USSR who shot the hijackers of an aeroplane, among them the innocent priest Chikhladze. Till that time there were no examples of shooting hijackers. From careeristic motives he arrests his friend Kobakhidze and shoots him. In that criminal, bloody way he came to the post of minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. By the way, the minister in the column of 'education' has written the following specialities: doctor's assistent-veterinary and historian. Here must be mentioned that both of these specialities he acquired by correspondence. All this was happening for 20 years, until he put on the mask of a democrat and was baptized under the name Georgi. Let's see about what was writing in those times the prisoner of Shevardnadze's prison, Karlo Tsulaia, to the secretary of UN, Kurt Waldheim: "From the first day Y.

Tsirekidze began to torture me, he beat me so severely that I lost my consciousness for some hours, then I was pricked with iron rods...". That was 1975. The same year in Georgia appeared an anonymous samizdat under the name 'Tortures of the convicted in the prisons of Georgia'. As it turned out, that was done by Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Shevardnadze could not forget about it. The anger broke out when Zviad Gamsakhurdia became the first president of Georgia.

...So on the 6th of January 1992, the legitimate president was overthrown by the help of Russian special troops. After two months Shevardnadze comes to power. His anger breaks out on Zviadists with unprecedented severeness. The prisons were filled again in Georgia. But only with this difference that Tsirekidze was replaced by Chogovadze. Among the repressed people is the doctor of medical science, Gedeon Gelbakhiani, beaten to death by Chogovadze.

Shevardnadze claims that he has changed. However, the density of 'lodgers' in Georgia's prisons point to the contrary. Yes, Shevardnadze has been changed, but in the worst direction - in that we believe.

The years 1992-93 can be bravely called as he years of Georgian oprichnina. The executions are made without any court and investigation. Even notorious 'troiki' began to seem as a norm of the civilized society.

By the words of Shevardnadze in November 1993 he finally had annihilated the Zviadists, and Zviad himself had disappeared from the political arena. E. Shevardnadze is very courageous and even declares that "he must put a finish to his idea". If he means the annihilation of Georgia - he already has attained that. Georgia is deserted, there nearly remained no Georgians. It's interesting to see with what other task he was intrusted.


Abkhazia, Samachablo and Shevardnadze

"One who destroys another one's city, will also destroy his own"
(from an Eastern myth)


Reactionary forces promised (in Dagamis) to Shevardnadze: if Georgia joins the CIS and concludes a treaty with Russia, then Samachablo and Abkhazia would be returned to Georgia. With the purpose of realization of the promised, it was necessary to lose first and then to return the lost. However, where are the guarantees? There are not any. To deceive Shevardnadze costs nothing for the Russian Empire.

As a result of these games not even one Georgian family is returned to South Ossetia. In addition there were 250 thousand refugees from Abkhazia. From the side of Shevardnadze all the terms of Russia were fulfilled. Now it's Russia's turn.

For the beginning of April 1994 there is nothing done to redeem their pledges from the side of Russia. And will they be implemented at all? This was the first case when Shevardnadze was deceived. He knew that he would be deceived, but he did it deliberately. To no other former republic the price was so high to become a member of the CIS as it costed Georgia. Destruction of thousands of young people, narcomanization of the entire country, the rise of Ioseliani and other supporters, devastation, starvation, complete paralysis of the economic and financial mechanisms.
This is not a complete list of E. Shevardnadze's crimes. The beginning of the war in Abkhazia was the main trump in Georgia's destruction. Not only material, but also moral and ethic destruction. The war in Abkhazia served to make Georgia to stand on its knees and it would ask itself to be a member of CIS.

However, that did not happen. In that Shevardnadze confessed himself. One can ask who would be against if he before the warbecame the member of CIS? 'Granddad' Yeltsin also then could send reinforcement troops, in the same way as was done in the autumn of 1993.

At the beginning of the war the Abkhazians declared: "We want to be with Georgia", and when they were convinced that Shevardnadze was deceived by Moscow, they began to howl "We want to be with Russia!".

For everybody it is known that Shevardnadze himself created the necessary prerequisites for the Abkhazian Supreme Soviet to pass the anticonstitutional laws. The Abkhazian leader Vladislav Ardzinba was saying about that: "As today's regime in Georgia came to power with the use of force by a coup d'état in Tbilisi, because of that any lawful organ of government that existed before was unacceptable, it should be abolished with the same methods, so to say using the same force that is going on today.

More than this, under this lawlessness they try to bring some 'legitimate' basis. Coming to power, using violence in Tbilisi, the military council passed the decision in February 1992 to abolish the Constitution of GSSR from 1978 and the transmission of the Georgian Republic on the Constitution of 1921, where such 'subjects' as the Abkhazian ASSR are not provided at all." Before the beginning of the war, the president of the Georgian Republic was given a notice to his people and to the national- liberation movement from Grozny, that Georgia should not start a war against Abkhazia under not any decision of the Abkhazian parliament. The president clearly understood and knew that the secenario of a provocational war in Abkhazia had been written outside Georgia with the participation of Shevardnadze.

Before the war, Zviad Gamsakhurdia gave a notice and suggested not to bring troops into the west of Georgia (Abkhazia), however, Shevardnadze didn't take all this in consideration. With the help of that, Shevardnadze and his supporters gave cause to the Abkhazian side. And Shevardnadze could not set off any lawful norm against such an anticonstitutional act.

Apparently, all this is fabricated for years, instead of lawful norms 'democrat' Shevardnadze sets off tanks against Abkhazia.

But he has finished the war with a disgrace. During the unleashment of the war in Abkhazia some goals were put: a) subjugation of Georgian people, to make Georgia a satellite of Russia with the help of the CIS, and in that way to sign a new treaty of Georgievsk;

  • to conduct elections in western Georgia to insure legitimacy of power;
  • to liquidate the insubordination movement of the supporters of the legitimate president of Georgia.

Here should be mentioned that armed subdivisions of Shevardnadze constantly bombed (the pilot was Dzimi Maisuradze) cities and villages, those were controled by his regime - Sukhumi, Ochamchire region, Kvitouli.

22 thousand of Georgians were killed in Abkhazia. In Gali region the war broke up in February 1994. Hundreds of Georgians had died. Deceived Shevardnadze has no army, some groups of patriots penetrate into Abkhazia (there is nothing for marauders to steal, as Abkhazians, confederates and Russian mercenaries together with Kazaks had already stolen everything), they cannot be reconciled with the position of exile from their historical homeland.

However, in an unequal war they were annihilated. Abkhazians for the purpose of revenge, or for the purpose of genocide, are annihilating the Mengrelian population. And Shevardnadze, who officially declares about the friendship with Butrus Ghali, prefers to keep silent about the genocide of Mengrelians in Gali and its regions.

We think that 'great democrat' is more troubled with the fate of 68 persons killed in Sarayevo, than with the fate of his own people. Moscow arms small nations of the Caucasus, as for uncontroled use of arms promotes the selfdestruction of these nations. It's interesting what has been written in the newspaper Moscow News (no. 29 - July 18, 1993) in an interview of a correspondent with retired lieutenant-colonel Sergei Leonenko:

  • corr.: What kind of relationships are there between Abkhazian and Russian soldiers?
  • Leonenko: Fraternally.
  • corr.: Do you get arms from Russian military units?
  • Leonenko: The tragedy is that Russia already has armed the both opposed sides to their teeth.

Leonenko and others like him have annihilated thousands of Georgians in Abkhazia. But this does not trouble 'one of the fathers of democracy', E. Shevardnadze, at all. He is a 'politician' of more global scales. Today the territorial integrity of Georgia is destroyed. Though Russia had recognized its integrity, but everything is done for disintegration. We think that Russia itself gives very bad examples of violation of the territorial integrity of other territories.

Shevardnadze does not form a Georgian army. He knows that in that army 80-90 percent of his opponents may appear and they can easily arrange a military coup d'état. It's more convenient for him to invite internal forces. Let's remember about autumn 1993, when on his knees he asked foreign countries (Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Armenia) for support against his own people. To create the conditions for Russian bases are the direct proof for the above mentioned.

When Georgians see how Russian military bases in Georgia are reconstructed, they say that Russians still occupy Georgia.

However, the peaceloving, hospitable and human Russian people is not guilty, one mission is decided for them in the Russian Empire - to bring up a 'cannon-fodder'.

Russian democrats, mouthpieces of Russian people's will, protested against the formation of three (unofficially five) military bases in Georgia. These bases are necessary for Shevardnadze to consolidate his power, but not to defend the territorial integrity of Georgia. With the formation of military bases Shevardnadze insulted honest Russian people and caused great dissatisfaction among Georgians. So behind the back of Russian and Georgian people, Shevardnadze and Russian imperialism are doing their own sweet will. Today, after that everything had been finished to the Georgian people's detriment, it is difficult to convince Russians that in the zones of conflict the 'Russian language population' had no defence. The author of these words was in Sukhumi till its collapse and also witnessed that for stray bullets and shell splinters everybody is equal.

A majority voted against joining the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) when Shevardnadze rose this question in Georgian parliament, but Shevardnadze declared that without joining CIS it would be impossible to solve the problem of the returnal of Abkhazia as a part of Georgia, and it also would be impossible for the refugees to return to their land.

What do Russian democrats think about the split of Georgia and about the reanimation of the Russian Empire? We believe that they take this to heart more than many Georgian renegades do. Valeria Novodvorskaia wrote in the newspaper Izvestija (March 4, 1994): "And if our love to the motherland should not be considered strange, then it's easier to do it with the state. People of my class experience unambiguous detestation to it. What else can I experience, looking at Georgia tortured to death." And one more line from this article: "The state has jaws only; no brains, no soul. What else are we good at, except to tear alive to pieces like it was done to Georgia, Moldova, Tajikistan?" Russian democrats worry about the fact that the Moscow government evidently shifts to a policy of genocide of small nations. Soon we will be witness of the disappearance of some of these nations.

When Russian democrats are defending the interests of small nations, they first of all think about the fate of Russia itself.

They don't want honest and decent Russia to have the lifelong stigma of the destructor of small nations. Russian chauvinists are spoiling the prestige to all nations who are not guilty in that. But in hot spots, where the people are brought to despair, it's different for them to divide people into chauvinists and non-chauvinists. Local inhabitants accuse Russian people for their troubles. If this still continues then in the nearest future all small nations will be set off against Russian people.

This process already began. Russian democrats understand that very well, this is the reason why they are defending the interests of small nations and the interests of the entire Russian people from the chauvinistically disposed Moscow government.

What can be said about the CIS? If it was the union of real independent states (with their own army, economy, inviolable frontiers), then the creation of that kind of union could be welcomed by all nations united in it, but CIS today is not even the USSR but the worst of it.


Who annihilated Zviad Gamsakhurdia?

Jesus said: "Do not hold on to me, for I have not
yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them
I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God".

(The Gospel According To John)

'...a large number of people followed him,
including women who mourned and waited for him".

(The Gospel According To Luke)

When we mention Zviad Gamsakhurdia's defeat, we must realize his defeat as a person, because he disappeared from the political arena. In spite of this, it does not mean the defeat of his ideas - the ideas of independence and revival of Georgia with the help of civilized methods. The reader has already understood from this brochure who overthrew Zviad, who exiled him, however we will try, respected reader, to take up some of the facts in detail.

In February 1994 in the weekly journal 'Sobesednik' ('Interlocutor') was published an article of the former officer of the GRU (Military Intelligence Service) Viktor Suvorov entitled: "Spetsnaz for all of us". At the end of this article the author gives a chronicle:

  • Mid 1950s: formation of subdivisions in the armies;
  • 1961-62: Soviet spetsnaz (troops of special destination) take part in military actions against anti-Castro opposition in Cuba;
  • 1967-73: same subdivisions are fighting against Israel at the side of Arabs in Egypt and Syria;
  • 1967-75: taking part in Indo-China war against Americans;
  • August 1968: taking part in capturing key positions and leading figures of Czechoslovakia;
  • 1968-1980: taking part in skirmishes at the Soviet-Chinese border;
  • 1975-90: taking part in military actions in Angola;
  • 1976-80s: taking part in fights in Mozambique;
  • 1978-90: taking part in fights in Ethiopia;
  • 1978: appearance of special emergency army in Afghanistan;
  • December 1979: seizure of key objectives in Kabul;
  • 1978-89: taking part in the war in Afghanistan;
  • 1980-81 taking part of spetsnaz for invasion into Poland (invasion was not realized);
  • 1980-90: presence of spetsnaz officers in military forces helped to lead preparation during Iran-Iraq war and participated in organizing of counter-movement of partisans and Kurds;
  • 1981-90: taking part in fights against Nicaraguan 'contras' on the side of the Sandinists;
  • Summer 1988: military operation on the airport Zvartnots in Yerevan;
  • December 1988: arrest of the members of the Karabagh Committee by spetsnaz forces by the order of general Makashov;
  • 1989-91: taking part in fights in Nagorny Karabagh;
  • 9th April 1989: dispersal of peaceful demonstration in Tbilisi;
  • January 1990: military action in Baku;
  • January 1991: military action in Vilnius;
  • August 1991: during the putsch spetsnaz subdivisions were brought in fighting position in Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius... In Samara they took under their control many key positions;
  • December 22, 1991 - January 6, 1992: participation of spetsnaz of Transcaucasian military district in the operation to overthrow the president of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia;
  • August 1992 - November 1993: 15 registered participations of spetsnaz-members in the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict on Abkhazian side;
  • November 1993: taking part of spetsnaz of the Russian army in fighting operation against Zviadists on the side of Shevardnad ze's 'army';
  • End of 1992 till the present day: participation of Russian spetsnaz in military actions against opposition in Tajikistan;
  • January 1994: subdivisions of spetsnaz airlanding forces were brought in fighting positions and prepared for landing operations in Latvia concerning a rising political conflict (arrest of two generals of the Russian army)...

We possess authentic facts that with the help of Shevardnadze's 'reputation' military subdivisions, with the help of which Abkhazians won the war against Georgia, were relocated in Western Georgia for the annihilation of supporters of the legitimate government - but still this kind of action was against his own people. Shevardnadze, with the help of this military subdivision, was bombing the town of Poti at the end of October and the beginning of November 1993.

During bombing not only supporters of the legitimate government died, but also those parts of the population that were loyal to Shevardnadze's regime. So Shevardnadze, in his fight against Zviad Gamsakhurdia and his supporters used all kinds of forbidden methods of war. It's difficult to say whether the former Soviet minister of foreign affairs read Macchiavelli, but one thing is obvious: to achieve his mercenary goals he did not disdain to use his methods.

In this way ended the single combat of Gamsakhurdia-Shevardnadze.

With the help of Russian spetsnaz Shevardnadze gained victory.

With the aim of Gamsakhurdia's savage reprisal he made a genocide of his own people, he involved the population in a senseless war, inflicted reprisals and repression upon political opponents, set some regions of his own country against each other. So, such victory is tantamount to a defeat.

"The great people are distinguished by the fact that the tragedy of the epoch is turned as their personal life tragedy in them. Often there are reflected in them all greatness and solidity of time they live in". These words belong to Zviad Gamsakhurdia himself. They are mentioned at the address of Lev Tolstoy, however these words can be addressed to Gamsakhurdia as well.

This is his tragedy, he represents a bearer of sorrows which are common to all mankind. He perished in one of the villages of a small region. The eyewitness, prefect of Tsalendzikha region Z.Guchua, accounts that Zviad decided not to give up alive and asked the guards to shoot him without any hesitation when they would be surrounded by Shevardnadze's agents. Not only the village where the President was was besieged, but also the entire Samegrelo region. Zviad preferred to transform to heavenly Georgia, rather than to fall into the hands of Shevardnadze's executioners.

When we present his martyrized death, words from the Bible come into our memory:

 "When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him, along with the criminals - one on His right, the other on His left. Jesus said: "Father forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing". And they divided up his clothes by casting lots". (The Gospel According To Luke).

February 22, 1994 the first president of Georgia, elected by the absolute majority of the Georgian population, was buried in Grozny. He was accepted in Chechnian soil. It's difficult to find an analogy to Chechenian-Georgian friendship in the last century.

Georgian people grieve over their beloved president. Georgia is shocked today. Its destruction and disintegration began from the exile of the president and the coming to power of the criminal world.

May 26 - on the day of the independence of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia addressed people at numerous demonstrations in Tbilisi: This is the way of barbarians, this is the way of robbers and predators, but there is the way of Kostava - people choose your way". ...The intimidated, terrorised people were forced to choose the way of robbers and predators!

Georgian people have no force against robbers and bandits: people are doing their best, but what has been created by them is plundered by the members of the government and their myrmidons.

Robbed money from people and state is invested in western banks or in real estate (in Cyprus, Spain, Switzerland, America and other places). Members of parliament, who should think about the welfare of people, are busy with quarrels and discussions. All this predicted Gamsakhurdia with surprising precision, however the opposition did not hear the truth for the bait of KGB.

Can it continue for a long time? By the laws of life the evil is always conquered by the good. The attitude of antizviadists towards Zviad bring us into memory the words from the Bible: "The their eyes were opened and they recognized Him and He disappeared from their sight". (Gospel According To Luke).

Zviad Gamsakhurdia disappeared, but his disappearance took the mask of the face of the enemies of the Georgian people. With his disappearance Zviad Gamsakhurdia finally annihilated the 'conqueror' Shevardnadze. Zviad Gamsakhurdia will appear before his ancestors as a conqueror.

What can be said about some former companions of Zviad?

"You have condemned and murdered innocent men,
who were not opposing you"
(The Apostle Jacob).

So to say, they cut the bough on which they sat. There will be a time when the Georgian people with trembling and love will remember Zviad Gamsakhurdia, his remains will be brought from Chechnya to Georgia. As for Shevardnadze: he will suffer the same fate as Stalin.

(translated from the Russian by the Zviad Gamsakhurdia Society in the Netherlands)



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