Al Walaa' wal Baraa' - Love and hate for the sake of Allaah
Al wala wal Bara is an Asl of Usul ud deen. The three foundations of the deen are:
The meaning of Al-Wala in
As Muslims we are obliged to have Wala with the believers, Allah and Islam. And we must have Bara-a from the disbelievers, Taghout and from their deen. In order to have bara-a from the disbelievers, we must know who the Kafir is. Therefore the definition of a Kafir is:
The definition of Kafir
So the Kafir is necessarily the one who does not believe in God. He may believe in god but not in Islam. And if a person believes in Islam but not the messenger Muhammad (saw) he / she too is a Kafir.
Al-Wala - Is always with Allah and
the deen of Islam
Al Wala wal Bara has two divisions:
a) Al Wala
Al Wala is to love, keep close to, be friend, to accompany, to help, to respect, to ally with and to support.
b) wal Bara
Wal Bara is completely opposite to Al Wala i.e. to hate, keep distance from, to have animosity, not to accompany, not to help, not to respect, not to ally with and neither to support the disbelievers.
Al-Muwalaat with the disbelievers is Haraam
O you who believe! Take not for Auliyâ' (protectors or helpers or friends) disbelievers instead of believers. Do you wish to offer Allâh a manifest proof against yourselves? (EMQ An-Nisa', 4: 144)
Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Auliyâ (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allâh in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allâh warns you against Himself (His Punishment), and to Allâh is the final return. (EMQ Aali 'Imran, 3: 28)
The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ' (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islaam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (EMQ At-Taubah, 9: 71)
O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliyâ' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliyâ' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliyâ', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allâh guides not those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust)… (EMQ Al-Maaida, 5: 51-57)
To make At-Tawallie (as described in the verse) is apostasy. The difference between At-Tawallie and Muwalaat is that Tawallie is to have allegiance even in the heart, whereas Muwalaat could be only by action.
The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic deen). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allâh, that you may receive mercy. (EMQ Al-Hujaraat, 49: 10)
Muwalaat with the kuffar is either Kufr Akbar or Kufr Asghar:
1. Kufr Akbar - (5: 51), (5: 80-81),
(3: 28), (18: 102), (7: 175-176), (4: 88: 89), (4: 97-99), (6: 29-29)
O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliyâ' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliyâ' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliyâ', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allâh guides not those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust). (EMQ Al-Maaida, 5: 51)
In the Tafseer of Imaam al
Qurtubi it is narrated that Ibn Abbas said:
Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what (condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on earth." They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allâh spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?" Such men will find their abode in Hell - What an evil destination! (EMQ An-Nisa', 4: 97)
Except the weak ones among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. (EMQ An-Nisa', 4: 98)
For these there is hope that Allâh will forgive them, and Allâh is Ever Oft Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. (EMQ An-Nisa', 4: 99)
These verses explain how it is forbidden to live between the kuffar (without permit).
Narrated Sumrah bin Jundoub: Allah's messenger said: "Anybody (from the Muslims) who meets, gathers together, lives and stays (permanently) with a Mushrik and agrees to his ways, opinions and enjoys his living with him, then he (the Muslim) is like him." (Abu Dawood, Kitab ul Jihad: 14, 2781)
This hadith indicates that a Muslim is not allowed to live with the Kuffar. If there is Dar ul Islam, then it is fard upon him to make Hijrah or he must call the people to Islam. Either way, with or without Dar ul Islam, a Muslim cannot live between the disbelievers unless he calls them to Islam.
"Those whose lives the angels take while they are doing wrong to themselves (by disbelief and by associating partners in worship with Allâh and by committing all kinds of crimes and evil deeds)." Then, they will make (false) submission (saying): "We used not to do any evil." (The angels will reply): "Yes! Truly, Allâh is All-Knower of what you used to do." (EMQ An-Nahl, 16: 28)
"So enter the gates of Hell, to abide therein, and indeed, what an evil abode will be for the arrogant." (EMQ An-Nahl, 16: 29)
These verses speak about those who wanted to live between the kuffar and did not want to make Hijrah.
During the battle of Badr some Muslims left Makkah and some stayed with the Kuffar. The Muslims in Madinah asked Rasulullah (saw): 'what should we do? (In regards to Muslims who have allied with the Mushriks of Makkah).' He said: 'Fight in the way of Allah and if you meet them, kill them.'
Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allâh has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do you want to guide him whom Allâh has made to go astray? And he whom Allâh has made to go astray, you will never find for him any way (of guidance). (EMQ AN-Nisa', 4: 88)
They wish that you reject Faith, as they have rejected (Faith), and thus that you all become equal (like one another). So take not Auliyâ' (protectors or friends) from them, till they emigrate in the Way of Allâh (to Muhammad SAW). But if they turn back (from Islâm), take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them, and take neither Auliyâ' (protectors or friends) nor helpers from them. (EMQ AN-Nisa', 4: 89)
During the Hijrah to Madinah, some Muslims did not want to go as they considered themselves to be Qurayshi Muslims so therefore they stayed in Makkah and allied with the disbelievers. The Muslims in Madinah divided into two:
1. Those who wanted to kill them
Allah (swt) then revealed these
verses and ordered them to kill them wherever they find them.