Details of Syllabus


                                              (Details of SYLLABUS  for Research Methodology Workshop)

Special Topics of Interest

1)      Research Methods

2)      Literature Review

3)      Plagiarism

4)      Report/Article/Review  writing

5)      Bibliography & Different Database

6)       Citation & Source,

7)      Formulation, Hypothesis, Testing

8)      APA Style

9)      Data Analysis

10)  Bibliography

11)  Draft Report & Book writing

12)  SPSS

13)  STATA

14)  IPR & Patent

15)  Writing Project Proposal

16)  Research Incubation

The above topics will include all the modules


    1: Research Methodology:

Meaning of Research, Objectives of Research, Motivation in Research, Types of Research , Research Approaches , Significance of ResearchResearch Methods versus Methodology , Research and Scientific Method , Importance of Knowing How Research is Done, Research Process , Criteria of Good Research , Problems Encountered by Researchers in India  


2: Defining the Research Problem  

What is a Research Problem, Selecting the Problem , Necessity of, Defining the Problem ,Technique Involved in Defining a Problem, An Illustration , Conclusion  

3: Research Design  

Meaning of Research Design , Need for Research Design , Features of a Good Design , Important Concepts Relating to Research Design , Different Research Designs , Basic Principles of Experimental Designs, Conclusion .Developing a Research Plan  


 4: Sampling Design

Census and Sample Survey , Implications of a Sample Design, Steps in Sampling Design, Criteria of Selecting a Sampling Procedure, Characteristics of a Good Sample Design , Different Types of Sample Designs, How to Select a Random Sample?  Random Sample from an Infinite Universe, Complex Random Sampling Designs ,Conclusion  


5: Measurement and Scaling Techniques

Measurement in Research, Measurement Scales, Sources of Error in Measurement  

Tests of Sound Measurement, Technique of Developing Measurement Tools Scaling, Meaning of Scaling, Scale Classification Bases, Important Scaling Techniques , Scale Construction Techniques  



6: Methods of Data Collection

Collection of Primary Data , Observation Method , Interview Method, Collection of Data through Questionnaires , Collection of Data through Schedules, Difference between Questionnaires and Schedules,Some Other Methods of Data Collection  

Collection of Secondary Data , Selection of Appropriate Method for Data Collection, Case Study Method  (i) Guidelines for Constructing, Questionnaire/Schedule , (ii) Guidelines for Successful Interviewing (iii) Difference between Survey and Experiment


7: Processing and Analysis of Data 

Processing Operations , Some Problems in Processing , Elements/Types of Analysis  

Statistics in Research , Measures of Central Tendency, Measures of Dispersion  

Measures of Asymmetry (Skewness) , Measures of Relationship, Simple Regression Analysis , Multiple Correlation and Regression, Partial Correlation, Association in Case of Attributes, Other Measures, Summary Chart Concerning Analysis of Data  



8: Sampling Fundamentals

Need for Sampling, Some Fundamental Definitions, Important Sampling Distributions , Central Limit Theorem , Sampling Theory , Sandler’s A-test , Concept of Standard Error, Estimation, Estimating the Population Mean (m) Estimating Population Proportion, Sample Size and its Determination , Determination of Sample Size

through the Approach, Based on Precision Rate and Confidence Level , Determination of Sample Size through the Approach, Based on Bayesian Statistics  



9: Testing of Hypotheses-I

What is a Hypothesis? Basic Concepts Concerning Testing of Hypotheses , Procedure for Hypothesis Testing , Flow Diagram for Hypothesis Testing Measuring the Power of a Hypothesis Test , Tests of Hypotheses , Important Parametric Tests, Hypothesis Testing of Means , Hypothesis Testing for Differences between Means , Hypothesis Testing for Comparing Two Related Samples , Hypothesis Testing of Proportions, Hypothesis Testing for Difference between Proportions , Hypothesis Testing for Comparing a Variance to, Some Hypothesized Population Variance, Testing the Equality of Variances of Two Normal Populations, Hypothesis Testing of Correlation Coefficients, Limitations of the Tests of Hypotheses  


10: Testing of Hypotheses-II

Important Nonparametric or Distribution-free Test, Relationship between Spearman’s r’s and Kendall’s W , Characteristics of Distribution-free or Non-parametric Tests , Conclusion  


11: Interpretation and Report Writing

Meaning of Interpretation , Why Interpretation? Technique of Interpretation: Precaution in Interpretation, Significance of Report Writing , Different Steps in Writing Report , Layout of the Research Report , Types of Reports , Oral Presentation , Mechanics of Writing a Research Report , Precautions for Writing Research Reports ,Conclusions



Special Importance to

  1. Review of Literature

                 Literature survey - Journals, books and reports. Reference, Searching library databases   and develop effective search techniques, , bibliographies and the use of Endnote,

      2.     Presentation:

                 Use of Power Point and how to design an effective oral presentation, informative outlines. Group discussion of a primary research article,

     3.    Report writing

                  Writing summaries, peer review. Group presentations of primary research articles. Elements of scientific writing-Abstract and Introduction.  Elements of scientific writing-Abstract and Introduction.

    4.    Article Writing

                   Abstract, Introduction,  Methodology, Result, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement. Articles: Short Communication, Article, Full articles, Reports, Reviews

    5.    Elements of  Research:

                     Citations (Scopous, Google, Web of Science, Thomson Reuter),  H-10, Index, i-Index, Impact factor, What is ISBN and ISSN number,

   6.    SPSS & STATA: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Excel Data Analysis and Origin :

                      STATA:  is a general-purpose statistical software package created in 1985 by StataCorp. Most of its users work in research, especially in the fields of economics, sociology, political science, biomedicine and epidemiolog

                      APA style: is a writing style and format for academic documents such as scholarly journal articles and books. It is commonly used for citing sources within the field of social sciences. It is described in the style guide of                              the American Psychological Association (APA), which is titled the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

      7.    Plagiarism: is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work

                 Plagiarism is considered academic dishonesty and

       8.    Patent: What is patent, Guide lines of patenting. 

     11. Incubation: How to make research for starting own buisines