ANGLO-MANIPURI TREATY

Articles of a treaty between Hurray Das Gussein, acting on behalf of Jai Singh and Mr. Harry Verelst, Chief of Chittagong Factory on behalf of the British - dated the 4th September 1762 (Home Dept. Public, 1762, 4 Oct., Nos. 2-3).

1. That the said Jai Singh, his master, shall be assisted with such of the English troops as from time to time can be spared for the recovery of such lands and effects belonging to the said Jai Singh as he hath been dispossessed of by the Burmahs (Burmese).

2. That for the assistance of such English troops the said Jai Singh is willing and ready to pay at the immediate expiration of every month all and every expense and contingent expenses of such troops then due so long as they may remain in his service.

3. That the said Jai Singh is willing and ready to join with all his force the said English forces to obtain full and ample satisfaction for, all and every injury the said English have from time to time suffered by the Burmese at the Negrairje (Negrais) or any other place during the Burmah's administration when in any time in possession of Pegu.

4. That the said Jai Singh will from the time of signing these articles, consider such injuries as have been done by the Burmahs (Burmese) to the said English as injuries done to himself and that the said Jai Singh will ever hereafter be ready to resent any new insult or hindrance the English trade or people may meet with at Pegu, the Negrairje (Negrais) or any other part or parts at present under the Government of the Burmah Rajah or the Rajah of Pegu... also every other power or Government that may interrupt the free trade of every English subject passing into and through their countries.

5. That the said Jai Singh will at all times fully consider every enemy to the said English as his own enemy and that the said English shall consider every enemy to the said Jai Singh as their enemy.

6. That the said Jai Singh shall grant such lands as the said English may think proper for the building of a factory and forts for the transaction of their business and protection of their persons and effects in every part under his Government and that whatever part the said English may fix on for their Factory and Fort the said Jai Singh shall also grant a distance of country round such Factory and Fort of eight thousand cubic to the said English free of rent forever.

7. That the said Jai Singh shall grant permission to the English for an open trade into and through his country free of all duties, hindrance or molestation and that the said Jai Singh will ever protect and defend the said English in the same.

8. That the said Jai Singh shall not enter into any accommodation with the Burmah Rajah without the advice and approbation of the English nor shall the English enter into a separate and distinct treaty with Burmah Rajah without previously advising the said Jai Singh.

9. Should the English troops with those of Meckley be obliged to march against the Burmah Rajah in order to obtain satisfaction for their mutual injuries received and in consequence make themselves master of the Burmah country the said Jai Singh doth then agree that should the said English then give him full possession of the said Burmah country he the said Jai Singh will then make good to the said English all such losses as they have ever heretofore sustained.

Proposals of the Treaty Mentioned in The  Annex

Proposals made by Anund Sah, Podullo Singh and Chitton Singh Hazarry in the name and behalf of Goursah Singh, Raja of Meckley for an explanation of a former treaty of alliance bearing date the 14th September 1762 made by Hurry Das Gussein in behalf of Jai Singh and Hurry Verelst etc. Gentlemen of Chittagong (Home Department, Public Proceedings Volume 1763, pages 1330-1331).

I, Goursah Singh, Raja of Meckley do confirm a treaty of alliance dated the 14th September 1762 made between Hurry Verelst, Randolf Marriot and Thomas Rumbold in behalf of the Honourable East India Company, on one part, and by Hurry Dass Gussein in the name and behalf of my brother Joy Singh, on the other part, approving and ratifying all and every article of the said treaty of alliance.

The second article of the said treaty stipulates all and every expense and contingent expenses of the said English troops employed in the service of my brother Joy Singh to be paid by him at the immediate expiration of every month.

To this I am to observe that since the Burmese have overrun and destroyed a great part of the Dominions of Meckley, it is not in my power to make such payments in actual species either of gold or silver.

But I agree to pay all such expenses as have already accrued in the English late march towards Meckley and all such expenses as hereafter may accrue in their future march to Meckley to be paid from time to time in such good and merchandise as are procurable in my country and which I agree to deliver to the English at Raung Roong at their annexed rates and conditions, but such quantities as are specified in the annexed lists shall be delivered as the first payment immediately on the English troops getting up to Meckley. And I am now willing to pay in ready money towards this agreement, hundred Meckley gold Rupees to be valued at twelve-silver rupees each.

So soon as the English shall enable me to work the gold mine on the banks of the River Barrampooter in the Dominions of Meckley, as well as any other mines of gold, silver, lead, iron, tin, copper, precious stones and mines of all kinds whatever now known or what hereafter may be discovered in Meckley, I am willing and agree to pay all expenses in the working of the said mines; and also to give the English three-fourths of the products of the same towards defraying the general expense of their troops in my employ.

Which products with my goods and merchandise I agree to pay them from time to time, till the whole expense of their assisting me is discharged. When and on all accounts between us being settled and adjusted I am then to be released from any such further stipulated payments. But hereby I agree that the said English are to reside in Meckley as merchants, on the full terms and privileges as stipulated in the aforementioned treaty of the 14th September 1762.

In testimony whereof we have put our signs manual in Islambad this day of first day of September 1685 Sauk Bengal style or the eleventh day of September 1763 English style.

Products of Meckley that Goursah Singh, Rajah agrees to pay annually towards the defrayment of the expenses of the English troops employed on his account viz.

Silk 10 mds at Rs. 5 per seer Rs. 2,000.00
Iron 1,000 ,, ,, Rs. 4 per md Rs. 4,000.00
Copal 1,000 ,, ,, Rs. 11/2 ,, ,, Rs. 1,500.00
Dammar 1,000 ,, ,, Rs. 11/2 ,, ,, Rs. 1,500.00
Wood oil 1,000 ,, ,, Rs. 11/2 ,, ,, Rs. 1,500.00
Wax 500 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 10,000.00
Elephant teeth 100 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 2,000.00
Agar 100 ,, ,, Rs. 4 ,, seer Rs. 16,000.00
Camphor 10 ,, ,, Rs. 80 ,, md Rs. 800.00
Black thread 100 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 2,000.00
Red thread 100 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 2,000.00
Blue thread 100 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 2,000.00
White thread 200 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, ,, Rs. 4,000.00
Black coss 10 ,, ,, Rs. 20 ,, seer Rs. 800.00
Meckley cloth from 2 1/2 to 3 cubits broad and a cubit long 500 pcs. Rs. 11/2 ,,piece Rs. 750.00
Meckley gold rupee 500 12 silver rupees each Rs. 6,000.00
   

Total

Rs. 56,850.00

Out of the above, Goursah Singh can now give within the period of one month after the arrival of the troops at Raung Roong.

Silk 5 mds.
Iron 500 ,,
Copal 500 ,,
Dammar 500 ,,
Wax 250 ,,
Elephant teeth 50 ,,
Agar 20 ,,
Black thread 50 ,,
Red thread 50 ,,
Blue thread 50 ,,
White thread 100 ,,
Meckley clothes 500 pieces
Meckley gold rupees 150

 


Published and Maintained by the Department of Communication & Publicity,
Revolutionary People's Front, Manipur 1998-2002

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