The Table below lists all R.I. GAR Post No. 4 Commanders from 1877 to 1930. The National Parks Service (NPS), Soldiers & Sailors System, Civil War Veterans data base lists the military records of all the men listed below except two. You can get the the NPS Internet Site by clicking HERE to look up the name of servicemen not listed in the table below. For further information beyond the NPS listings on the Internet refer to the film number of each man when making more detailed inquiries to them. All NPS Veteran Listings are categorized by film number and roll number. To find Rhode Island servicemen who served in the Civil War click on the RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No. 7 blue side-bar site navigator to the left for the link to get to our Veterans listings for Rhode Island.
Grand Army of the Republic Arnold Post No.4
|POST HONOR ROLL|
|~ January 9, 1877 to 1930 ~|
|Cmdr #||Last Name||First Name||Film No.||Military Rank||Regiment||Unit||Commander Date|
|1st||Hutchinson||William F.||N/A||Army Major
Gulf of Mexico
|22nd NY Vol. Inf.
|Hutchinson||William F.||N/A||Army Major
Gulf of Mexico
|22nd NY Vol. Inf.
|2nd||Mann||Ervin F.||M555 roll 4||Private||3rd R.I. Heavy Artillery||Companies E&A||1881|
|3rd||Vose||Marcus A.||M543 roll 22||1st Sgt
|1st & 2nd Maine
|Troops A, K&M||1882|
|4th||Higgins||Michael J.||N/A||Lieutenant||3rd RI Heavy Artillery||Company K,G&M||1883|
|5th||Greene||Willard H.||M555 roll 3||Private||12th RI Infantry||Companies E&G||1884|
|6th||Whittier||Lewis C.||M555 roll 7||Private||10th RI Infantry||Company A||1885|
|7th||Drinan||John F.||M535 roll 5||Private||15th CT Infantry||Company C||1886|
|Drinan||John F.||M535 roll 5||Private||15th CT Infantry||Company C||1887|
|8th||Saunders||George R.||M544 roll 35||Private||60th Mass Infantry||Company E||1888|
|Hutchinson||William F.||N/A||Ship's Surgeon||U.S. Navy
Gulf of Mexico
|Hutchinson||William F.||N/A||Ship's Surgeon||U.S. Navy
Gulf of Mexico
|Drinan||John F.||M535 roll 5||Private||15th CT Infantry||Company C||1891|
|9th||Arnold||Nelson H.||M555 roll 1||Band Musician
|3rd RI Heavy Artillery||Company F||1892|
|10th||Brown||George H.||M555 roll 1||Private||1st R.I. Vol.Infantry,
4th R.I. Vol. Infantry &
7th R.I. Vol. Infantry
|11th||Fisher||George H.||M544 roll 13||Private||4th Mass Vol. Infantry
42nd Mass Vol. Infantry
|12th||Chapman||Cornelius||M555 roll 2||Private||1st RI Light Artillery||Battery H||1895|
|Drinan||John F.||M535 roll 5||Private||15th CT Infantry||Company C||1896|
|13th||Pettis||George H.||M533 roll 5||Capt-Adjutant||1st Calif-N. Mex. Cavalry||Troop K & Staff||1897|
|14th||Gilbert||John H.||M544 roll 15||Private||5th Mass Militia||Company D||1898|
|Gilbert||John H.||M544 roll 15||Private||5th Mass Militia||Company D||1899|
|Gilbert||John H.||M544 roll 15||Private||5th Mass Militia||Company D||1900|
|Gilbert||John H.||M544 roll 15||Private||5th Mass Militia||Company D||1901|
|15th||Ham||Franklin B.||M555 roll 3||Private||10th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1902|
|Ham||Franklin B.||M555 roll 3||Private||10th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1903|
|Ham||Franklin B.||M555 roll 3||Private||10th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1904|
|Ham||Franklin B.||M555 roll 3||Private||10th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1905|
|Chapman||Cornelius||M555 roll 2||Private||1st RI Light Artillery||Battery H||1906|
|Chapman||Cornelius||M555 roll 2||Private||1st RI Light Artillery||Battery H||1907||16th||Brown||Charles W.||M555 roll 1||Corporal||2nd R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company D||1908|
|Brown||Charles W.||M555 roll 1||Corporal||2nd R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company D||1909|
|Ham||Franklin B.||M555 roll 3||Private||10th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1910|
|17th||Whelan||Peter||M555 roll 7||Private||2nd R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company A||1911|
|18th||McElroy||John||M555 roll 5||Private||2nd R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company D||1912|
|19th||Burgess||Richard J.||M555 roll 1||1st Lieut.||1st R.I. Vol. Cavalry||Troops B, A&F||1913|
|Burgess||Richard J.||M555 roll 1||1st Lieut.||1st R.I. Vol. Cavalry||Troops B, A&F||1914|
|Burgess||Richard J.||M555 roll 1||1st Lieut.||1st R.I. Vol. Cavalry||Troops B, A&F||1915|
|Burgess||Richard J.||M555 roll 1||1st Lieut.||1st R.I. Vol. Cavalry||Troops B, A&F||1916|
|Burgess||Richard J.||M555 roll 1||1st Lieut.||1st R.I. Vol. Cavalry||Troops B, A&F||1917|
|20th||Tilley||Edwin H.||M555 roll 7||Private||12th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company D||1918|
|Tilley||Edwin H.||M555 roll 7||Private||12th R.I. Vol. Infantry||Company D||1919|
|21st||Hubbard||James C.||M551 roll 68||Private||99th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Companies B&H||1920|
|Hubbard||James C.||M551 roll 68||Private||99th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Companies B&H||1921|
|22nd||Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1922|
|Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1923|
|Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1924|
|Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1925|
|Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1926
Signed agreement deeeming Camp 7
SUVCW successor to Post 4
|Hubbard||James C.||M551 roll 68||Private||99th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Companies B&H||1927|
|23rd||Jaques||Fernando O.||M535 roll 8||Sergeant||7th CT. Vol. Infantry||Company K||1928|
|Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1929|
|Last||*Ross||Nicholas||M551 roll 120||Private||66th N.Y. Vol. Infantry||Company B||1930|
The history of Rhode Island Grand Army of the Republic, Arnold Post No. 4 is an on-gong project of RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No.7. At this time we are working to recover as much Post 4 material including Post 4 records and proceedings, as we can. As we are able to further research the history of Arnold Post 4 and its membership we will edit this page and page 3 to include more information. We ask all our readers and Post 4 member descendants to e-mail us copies of photographs of your Post 4 Veteran ancestors, so we can include them on this page to help tell the story of Providence Rhode Island Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), Captain William A. Arnold Post No. 4---"The Grand Old Fellows In Blue".
As stated on page one, RI GAR Arnold Post No. 4 was founded by Doctor William F. Hutchinson. Those who closely assisted Hutchinson were Frank H. Brown (002), Cyrus M. Thornton (003), Willard H. Greene (004), Davis Cook, II (005), Major George H. Pettis (006), Ervin F. Mann (007), 1st Lieutenant Michael Joseph Higgins (008), Charles H. Dyer (009), and Samuel R. Englestone (010). Dr. Hutchinson served two remarkable hitches during the Civil War as a U.S. Navy Ship's Surgeon and as a combat infantry Major, 22nd Reg. NY Volunteer Infantry. See his story below and on page 3. Ervin F. Mann served as a private through most of the war in the 3rd R.I. Heavy Artillery. Marcus A. Vose served in the 1st Maine Volunteer Cavalry as 1st Sergeant and later transferred to the 2nd Maine Cavalry upon being promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant. Hutchinson, elected by the Post 4 membership to serve 4 terms as the first Post Commander. He was considered to be the primary leader and one of the main spokesmen of the Post throughout its early years in the RI GAR.
After the Civil War, RI GAR Arnold Post 4, Comrade Hutchinson wrote about his experiences for the (MOLLUS) Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society, (today under RI MOLLUS) at the request of his good friend former 2nd RIVI Lieutenant Colonel Elisha Hunt Rhodes, who was president of the Society. All RISSHS material was originally published by Sidney Rider & Comany in Providence. Among the 10 volumes of the "War Papers" or personal narratives of Rhode Island, still today under the copyrights of National MOLLUS and Broadfoot Press, you can read narratives by William F. Hutchinson, Surgeon, United States Navy, MOLLUS I.D. # 01533, by clicking back to our Website ENTRY page and clicking the Rhode Island's Own icon. Both are accounts of life aboard the USS Lackawanna during the war. One narrative transcribed by Douglas R. Niermeyer, Past National MOLLUS Commander-in-Chief and Charter-Member of RI MOLLUS. Hutchinson's material is an account of the life and actions by the U.S. Navy assigned to Blockade duty in the western Gulf of Mexico opperations, off the Texas coast. Another Hutchinson War Paper, transcribed by Gregg A. Mierka, RI MOLLUS State Commandery Commander, tells the story of the USS Lackawanna and its participation in Admiral Farragut's expedition against Mobile Alabama in 1864, the reduction of the Rebel Fort Morgan and the fight with the CSS Tennessee. All on line material including the Hutchinson Papers as well as papers written by E.H. Rhodes, Burnside and others are provided on line by the National Organization of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS) and the RI MOLLUS State Commandery. Hutchinson was also a member of MOLLUS (Pennsylvania Commandery) as well as the primary co-founder of R.I. GAR Arnold Post No. 4.
The Union Steam Sloop, USS Lackawanna, a medium class war vessel, attached to the Union West Gulf Blockade Squadron: Length: 201 feet; Draft: 14 feet 3 inches; Weight: 1550 tons,
On board the USS Lackawanna Surgeon Hutchinson saw heavy combat in Union Admiral David Farragut's land and sea Naval operations during successful attacks against Confederate Fort Morgan and rebel gunboats including the Confederate Iron (Merrimack-Virginia Class) Ram, CSS Tennessee in the Battle of Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Hutchinson treated 2nd Captain of one of the ship's guns, Captain of the Top, John Edwards who was wounded when one of the enemy's shells struck their ship. During the battle Edwards refused to go below for aid as heavy return fire from both the rebel fleet and shore batteries continued to strike their vessel. Edwards ended up taking the place of the ship's first captain and carried out his duties during the prolonged action at close range with the rebels, which resulted in the capture of the prize Confederate Ram the CSS Tennessee. Mobile Bay was also heavily protected by mines (or torpedoes) strung across key points in the waters by ropes, barge and chain. In the battle the USS (Ironclad Monitor Class) Tecumseh struck a mine and capsized. Aboard his Flag-ship, the USS Hartford, Farragut strapped himself to the rigging of his ship to give his men courage and yelled his famous words, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead".
After destroying the Confederate Naval Fleet in the cource of action in Mobile Bay, the USS Lackawanna was also one of the primary Union ships that succeeded in badly damaging all rebel defenses. The lackawanna aided in the destruction of all rebel shore artillery batteries and reduced the strong-hold Confederate Fortress Morgan on an island at the mouth of Mobile Bay. The Lackawanna helped pound them to the point of the fort's surrender. For these actions, Captain Edwards (a Rhode Islander, who survived his wounds, buried at Pocasset Cemetery, Cranston) was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. Surgeon Hutchinson and the rest of the crew of the Lackawanna won special commondations for their actions from Union Fleet Commander, Admiral Farragut. Mobile, Alabama, was the last major Confederate port closed and capture by the Union during the Civil War. The combat was so severe and the action of the crew of the Lackawanna so heroic, to date more men were awarded the Medal of Honor abord the Lackawanna than on any other US Navy ship in the history of the US Navy. Hutchinson was there, and survived it. In the army he helped lead his unit up to the Battle of Chancellorsville, before his tour of duty was completed and prior to becoming a commissioned surgoen in the US Navy. The Hutchinson quote at the opening of the Post 4 History on page one of this part of the Camp 7 Website illustrates how much a man such as Hutchinson was fully qualified to speak about the future of America and act as he did as an honorable man throughout his lifetime.
You can also read a sumary of Hutchinson's military experince during the Civil War on Page 3 of our Post 4 Veterans Listing. One of the many things to see at the Benefit Street Arsenal is the ship's flag or pennant of the CSS Commerce Raider, the Florida, captured by Rhode Island GAR Naval servicemen of Arnold Post No. 4. The rellic is hanging in the anti room outside of the RI GAR meeting room on the 2nd floor of the Arsenal. The collection also includes the death mask of Major General Ambrose E. Burnside and hundreds of other Civil War and GAR artifacts, weapons, books, images and records on the RI SUVCW-RI GAR inventory
From 1877 to 1909, Post 4 had no permanent GAR Hall or meeting place. The men met in various locations in down town Providence on Waybossette Street, Washington Street and Benevolent Street. On February 15, 1909, the R.I. Department GAR resolved an agreement with the R.I. State Trustees of the Old Arsenal building at 176 Benefit Street in Providence. The agreement was signed by R.I. Governor Charles Lippitt, allowing Post 4 to permanently hold its meetings and secure its property at the Old Arsenal, which was also the headquarters of the R.I. Dept. GAR as well as RI GAR Prescott Post 1, Arnold Post 4, Slocum Post 10, Rodman Post 12, Ives Post 13, Browne Post 25, the R.I. Division of the Sons of Veterans USA (RI Dept. SUVCW), the WRC, the LGAR, the DUVCW, the ASUVCW, RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No.7 and RI ASUVCW Elisha Dyer Auxiliary No.2.
By 1914, Post 4 received a formal lease from the State, aproved by the Governor and the General Assembly to establish its GAR Hall at the Old Arsenal. That agreement entitled Post 4 to occupy the rooms on the second floor of the building as its permanent headquarters until Post 4 closed in 1930, then pass to its successor (RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No. 7) upon the death of the last Post 4 Commander, Nicholas Ross. From 1909 to 1926 Post 4 managed the Old Arsenal for the State, then turned over its authority concerning the arsenal, its finances, records and property to RI SUVCW Camp 7, when Post 4 willed all its assets to Camp 7 as certified and notarized in the Courts of New York on September 18, 1926. As time began to catch up with Comrades Ross, Saunders, Bullock, Hubbard, Hudson, MaCaffey and Jaques. Some found themseves living much of their remaining lives with family members after the deaths of their wives.
By 1926, Ross realized their time was limited and wanted the GAR Post 4 legacy to be carried on by the sons of the men who served their GAR Post first as Post 4 Associates, then as grown men in RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No.7. Mrs. E. M. Reily of 4554 Park Avenue, New York, assisted Post 4 Commander Nicholas Ross and Camp 7 Commander Enoch Hoyt in the final disposition of the RI GAR Post 4 legacy (the Post 4 - Camp 7 Deed of Conveyance). Ross formally and legally named Camp 7 the SUVCW successor to GAR Post 4 by legal instrument of transference and judgement of its name and all assets tangible and intagible, real and financial, executed in New York State Court, Manhattan. To perpetuate the memory of Post 4, RI SUVCW Camp 7 also continued to maintain care of all Post 4-Camp 7 property at the Arsenal and maintain its Camp headquarters in the Post 4 office and 2nd floor rooms with the Allied Orders of the GAR from 1926 to 1992, when the Providence Marine Corps of Artillery, a local Militia with compliance of the R.I. National Guard, assumed all rights to the Old Arsenal as well as all GAR property contained in the building, without consent of the SUVCW. From 1992 to the present the SUVCW and Auxiliary have been denied use of the arsenal and access to their property. To carry on Camp 7 began looking for new quarters. Today RI SUVCW Camp 7 is working with the Cranston Historical Society and the RI Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Civil War Museum, Library & Research Center to develop part of the RI Civil War Governor William Sprague Mansion Old Carriage House facility to become a new Post 4 GAR Meeting Hall and museum facility to house the remaining property of Post 4 and make it available to the public.
During its 53 year life as an entity of the RI Dept. GAR, Arnold Post 4 members were some of the most interesting men in the State. For example: During the war, Captain George H. Pettis (shown above at the Battle of Adobe Walls) commanded the 1st California Cavalry Regiment, which was deployed to the New Mexico Territory to join "The Fighting Parson", Colonel John M. Chivington's 1st Colorado Infantry and 3rd Colorado Cavalry. Together they pushed all the Rebel Forces back in to Texas and secured the entire Arizona-New Mexico region for Mr. Lincoln. Later Chivington reformed his small Union Army and Captain Pettis became his Adjutant. On November 29, 1864, Pettis, under Chivington, led his cavalry column of Chivington's regiments against the Cheyenne Indian Camp of Chief Black Kettle at the Battle of Sand Creek, killing 133 Indians, to Pettis, a sad and distasteful action. Chief Black Kettle displayed an American Flag on his lodge to protect his village against the possibility of a mistaken attack by Union Soldiers. He also displayed a white flag of truce when the battle started to try to indicate that he and his people were not hostile Indians. Chivington hated all Native Americans and wanted to destroy as many as he could find in the territory he commanded. The battle was in reality a disgusting massacre and Chivington was later relieved of duty for his crime against the Cheyenne at Sand Creek. Pettis, who testified against Chivington, remained at his post in the west until the end of the Civil War. He like several Rhode Islanders had journeyed west to California prior to the war to seek his fortune and explore the western frontier of America before it was settled. He resigned the military and relocated back to Providence, Rhode Island in the 1870s. In 1897, Pettis was elected Commander of RI GAR Arnold Post No.4. You can view some of the Native American war time artifacts Pettis gave the the RI GAR/SUVCW at the Benefit Street Arsenal.
You can read more about Pettis on our page 3 and also see his War papers on the Rhode Island's Own Website by RI MOLLUS, transcribed by Gregg A. Mierka, who has written postscripts for all the RI MOLLUS-RI Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society material. All Rhode Island's Own material is also nicely illustrated with images unique to the Internet, but posted for educational purposes only.
On July 1st through 3rd, 1938, the only Rhode Island Civil War Veteran who was able to attend the 75th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg was James C. Hubbard. He was the only Rhode Island representative able to attend. Hubbard was a member of R.I. GAR Lawton-Warren Post 5, located in Newport. He was among the contingent of the Union "Grand Old Fellows in Blue" to reach across the stone wall on Cemetery Ridge to shake the hands of the Confederate Veterans as a memorial to all their comrades, and to show the people of the nation the wounds of the Civil War were finally healed between the men who actually struggled and died at Gettysburg for the cause of freedom.
George R. Saunders, 8th Commander of RI GAR Arnold Post No.4 in 1888, was the only Post 4 Commander who went on to become State wide or R.I. Department GAR Commander, elected Department Commander in 1925. Saunders not only served as Post 4 Commander in 1888, he also served as RI GAR Browne Post 25 Commander in 1917, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929. In fact he was the last Browne Post Commander and a dual member of Posts 4 & 25. Both Posts 4 and 25 did their work in the GAR together from 1909 to 1930. They also worked with Prescott Post No.1 during its final years and many of the veterans of Post No.1 also became members of Post 4 when Post No. 1 closed. RI GAR Post 4 members and their sons along with a few members of Posts 1 & 25 started RI SUVCW Camp 7 in 1909. They enjoyed all their traditional outings in Pawtuxet (Cranston) R.I. together along with the R.I. Chapter of the Women's Relief Corps (WRC) and RI ASUVCW Elisha Dyer Auxiliary No.2. Today all Camp 7 Commanders gavel their Camp Meetings to order on a marble block engraved S of V Camp 7 on one side and George H. Browne on the reverse side, donated to the Camp by members of Post 25, in memory of RI GAR Comrade George H. Browne. Since only honorably discharged Union Civil War Veterans could become members of the GAR, Albert Bennett of GAR Post 4 Veteran and George Browne of GAR Post 25 (named in his honor) Veteran were the original RI GAR architects who founded RI SUVCW Elisha Dyer Camp No. 7, along with their sons, so together they could continue the work of RI GAR Post 4 & 25 well in to the future. Today as the legal RI SUVCW successor to RI GAR Post 4, Camp 7 proudly carries on the tradition of the "Grand Old Fellows In Blue".
Rank and organization: Corporal (Gunner commanding an artillery piece), in Battery A, 1st Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery.
The images above left to right are: Left, RI GAR Department Commander George L. Greene, a descendant of RI Major General Nathanael Greene of the Revolution, second only to George Washington. Camp 7 Chaplain Rev. Raymond J. Ferrick is a direct descendant of Commander Greene. The middle image is RI GAR Department Commander Frederick Arnold, who served with Elisha Hunt Rhodes through all of the Civil War in the 2nd RI Volunteer Infantry. Arnold was the last commander of Company D. The Right image, is RI GAR Department Commander Charles H. Bullock. The photo was taken by the Providence Journal while Commander Bullock presided over a RI GAR Department Encampment held at the Benefit Street Arsenal in Providence. He was the last elected RI GAR Department Commander and Camp 7 Sr. Vice Camp Commander Paul F. Cairrao is a direct descendant of Bullock.