Refuting Arthur Kemp
March of the Titans, Chapter 14
Opponents and Allies - Rome and the Celts
Arthur Kemp writes


Caesar did however manage to conquer Spain in a short six week campaign in 49 BC - bringing virtually all the Celts in that country under Roman rule (previously only a southern part of Spain had been in Roman hands, seized from the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars). The process of Romanization also began in earnest after this date.
The truth

Caesar didn't manage to conquer Spain, neither did the process of the Iberian Romanization begin with him. As early as in 138 BC, the Roman general Decimus Junius Brutus marched from Olisipo (Lisbon) all the way to what is now the Portuguese-Galician border. Right after the Lusitanian War of 155-138 BC, the Romans became masters of the southern half of Portugal. The purpose of the campaign of 138 was to claim the northern half and subdue the locals to Roman rule.

Arthur Kemp ignores that
when Caesar invaded, there were no Celts as an independent ethnicity in the Iberian Peninsula. The Celts invaded the Iberian Peninsula during the V and IV centuries BC. They were a minority, and by the time Caesar attacked (what was by then an already pacified province), the Celts had been completely mixed with the much larger Iberian native populations. Some Celtiberian tribes had strong Celtic cultural elements, but many - like the Lusitanians - didn't.

Julius Caesar was detached to serve in the province of Hispania Ulterior in 61 BC. It was during that short period of time that he declared war on the pacified Lusitanians. In 49 BC, Caesar was crossing the Rubicon river to invade Italy. In that same year, Caesar invades the Iberian Peninsula not to subdue the locals, but to defeat Pompey's 3 legati in the province - a task that is carried out successfully.

The Romans did indeed take possession of a small portion of Hispania from the Carthaginians at the end of the second Punic War (220-202 BC).

The process of Romanization began with the roman general Quintus Sertorius. During his Iberian rebellion (80-72 BC) against Sulla's dictatorship, Sertorius managed to promote more than anyone else before him the Roman way of life amongst Lusitanians and Celtiberians.

The final Roman conquest of Hispania was only achieved in 19 BC with Augustus.

Finally, Arthur Kemp seems to have a problem with the word
HISPANIA. HISPANIA is not the same as Spain. Spain exists since 1492. HISPANIA (also known as Iberian Peninsula) was the Roman province that included both modern Spain and Portugal.
Refuting Kemp
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