©Lúcio Mascarenhas.
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1. Sedeprivationist
2. Sedevacantist
3. Conclavist / Orthopapist
4. Roncallite
5. Feeneyite
6. Dollingerite
7. Old Catholic
8. Pseudo-Mysticalism
9. Palmarianism
10. Sirianism or Siri-ism
11. Bawdenite
12. Pentzite
13. Neo-Catholic
14. Habemuspapamist
15. Home-Alone

1. Sedeprivationism
Also called the Cassiciacum Thesis or the Materialiter-Formaliter Thesis. Propounded by the late Guerard des Lauriers, latter become a bishop at the hands of Bishop Peter Martin Ngo Dinh Thuc, brother of the martyred Vietnamese president, John Baptist Ngo Dinh Diem.

Postulates that "the 'Conciliar Popes' have been 'materially Popes only.' Hence, that the See of Peter is not strictly vacant but rather in a state of privation." (William J. Morgan, Catholic Counter-Reformation Association, AD 1998. Lady Day. Briefings. See here)

Morgan continues: "Of course, the sedeprivationist thesis is inconsistent and self-refuting. Either John Paul II is what he claims to be - a legitimate Pope - or he is not. If he is not - which is what the sedeprivationists say - then by acting as a valid Pope he makes himself an antipope. But an antipope is ipso facto schismatic, and therefore ineligible to be 'materially Pope only.'"

My own objection to the Sedeprivationist thesis is that this theory was and is totally unnecessary. The Church through its theologians, doctors, confessors, popes, etc., had taught on this subject and the options before us are clear and not admitting of any confusion.

We have two principles: "No matter that some particular pope was fraudulently elected, the acclamation and acceptance by the people made him a legitimate pope," and again, "A doubtful pope is no pope."The former is the principle of supplication.

The two are to be taken together to arrive at the correct understanding of Church teaching on the subject.

A Catholic who is fraudulently elected but who is not disputed, at least until a long time has past since his assumption of the Papacy, is presumed to have been supplied his legitimacy by the acclamation and acceptance by the people. However, if, as in during the Great Western Schism, there is a dispute over the election, the claimant ought to step down.

A man who's orthodoxy is under just and reasonable doubt has the duty to clear himself. If he fails to do so or refuses to do so, the faithful are within their rights in withdrawing their allegiance from him.

A man who has publicly and manifestly transgressed the laws and principles of the Church so that he has incurred excommunication as a public and manifest heretic is ineligible to be elected pope and is incapable of receiving, assuming and exercising the papacy. In such a case, the law is laid down by Pope Paul IV in his apostolic constitution "Cum Ex Apostolatus Officio."

Given these facts, the Cassiciacum Thesis seems to be an unnecessary innovation and deviation from the teaching and principles of the Church.

Moreover, the adherents of this theory fail to develop it to keep up with the developments. The Cassiciacum Thesis could have been applicable, aside from its contradiction of Catholic principles, only and only to A. J. Roncalli, and not in any case to later pretenders: Montini, Luciani & Karol Wojtyla. This is, in my view, a great scandal.

2. Sedevacantism
As William Morgan puts it succinctly, in response to the 'Papal Claims' of the Roman Modernist heresiarchs, Roncalli, Montini, Luciani and Wojtyla, Catholicism affirms that the See of Peter is vacant, both as a theological and dogmatic fact, and not merely as a theory or hypothesis. (William J. Morgan, Catholic Counter-Reformation Association, AD 1998. Lady Day. Briefings. See here)

However, this position is defective and sorely inadequate because while it responds solely to the 'Papal Claims' of the Roman Modernist heresiarchs to affirm the vacancy of the Papacy, if fails to address the possibility that the Papacy may have been validly supplied in the meantime.

This is what is addressed or sought to be addressed by the movement called 'Conclavism' or (as I call it) 'Orthopapism.'

It is logical for a person to be a Sedevacantist for a short, transient period and then develop to be a Conclavist.

But it is illogical that Sedevacantism should be held onto as a permanent position.

3. Conclavism/Orthopapism
Conclavism is the movement to elect and thus supply the Church with a legitimate pope through the alternative means available to the Church given that the normal, legislated means are temporarily unavailable.

Reputed to have been first articulated by Fr. Saenz y Arriaga.

The Conclavist Movement has already resulted in two plus one Papal Claimants: Mr. David Bawden elected in 1990 and who has taken the name of Pope Michael I; Fr. (later Bishop) Viktor von Pentz, a German South African and Byzantine rite Catholic elected in 1994 at Assisi and who has taken the name of Pope Linus II.

Additionally, an occultist and thus excommunicate, Lucian Pulvermacher, claiming to be a Franciscan priest, contrived a 'Conclave' in 1998 and being elected, took the name 'Pope Pius XIII'.

It is Catholic law that there can be only one lawful pope at any given time.

And it is also Catholic law that when attempting to elect a pope, the organizers of the election must justify themselves by showing that the papacy is indeed vacant and that the existing, contemporary claimants are not legitimate popes.

If this is not done, then the attempted election is necessarily a schismatic, anti-Catholic act.

In the present situation, the law favours the election of Mr. David Bawden to the papacy. Given that fact, the organizers of the Assisi Conclave of 1994 failed to address this issue and proceeded nonetheless.

4. Roncallitism
Roncallitism is the acceptance of A.J. Roncalli or John XXIII-II, the Founding-Heresiarch of Roman Modernism and of his successors Montini (Paul VI), Luciani (John-Paul I) and Karol Wojtyla (John-Paul II), in their pretensions to be the legitimate Popes of Catholicism.

5. Feeneyism
The Heresy of Fr. Leonard Feeney, originally of the Jesuits. Denied the Doctrines of the Baptisms of Blood and Desire. Excommunicated for refusing Summons to Rome. Organized into a Sect. Insistently guts Church documents to remove references to the legitimacy of the Baptisms of Blood and Desire, and venomously insists that they are solely Catholics to the exclusion of those who reject the Feeneyite heresy.

Fr. Feeney reconciled with the Antichurch. Since his death, sect split into numerous Autocephalous factions: some within the Antichurch, others without. Those without attempt to pass of as Sedevacantists.

6. Dollingerite
Adherents of sect which departed the Church in opposition to the promulgation of the Doctrine of Papal Infallibility. Federated with the Jansenists to constitute the "Old Catholics." Broken into innumerable sectlets.

7. 'Old Catholics'
How Dollingerites like to style themselves. Actually, "Old Catholics" is a label for the federated and conjoint sects — Jansenists or Ultrajectines, Dollingerite & Mariavite. Lastly, Old Catholics also include the ideological group best styled 'Nationalists' - such as the Polish National Catholic Church, the Lithuanian National Catholic Church, the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil founded by the schismatic bishop Duarte Costa, the Mexican National Catholic Church, the Chinese Patriotic Association, etc.

8. Pseudo-Mysticalism
The claim forwarded by various persons to have been constituted Pope in claimed private revelation. Unacceptable because a pope cannot be supplied purely by an apparition - since to accept the legitimacy of such a papal claimant, the putative revelation will also need to be credited. And to credit thus would amend and add to Public Revelation, of which we are taught, as Catholic Doctrine that it is irreversibly closed since the death of St. John the Apostle and cannot be added to.

9. Palmarianism
The Heresy that the See of Peter has migrated or been transfered from Rome. It is Catholic Doctrine that submission to the Roman Pontiff is essential to salvation (Unam Sanctam, etc.) It is Catholic Doctrine that the See of Peter is immoveable. It is Catholic Doctrine that the Church of Rome is Indefectible and that its Faith is the Norm for the Universal Church. (Vatican I, Pastor Æternas).

The Palmarians deny these Doctrines by claiming that the See of Peter has been transferred to the tiny hamlet of Palmar de Troya, near the south Spanish city of Seville.

10. Sirianism or Sirism
The Claim that Joseph Cardinal Siri was elected pope in the Conclave of 1958 and in the 'Conclave' of 1963 but was forced under duress to resign; that Siri secretly maintained his right and title to be Pope, taking the name Pope Gregory XVIII and that he named Cardinals who elected his Successor(s), but who remain hidden.

In opposition, see my page: Sirianism

11. Bawdenite
A follower of Mr. David Bawden who was elected Pope in a Conclave in 1990, taking the name Pope Michael I.

12. Pentzite
A follower of Fr. (now Bishop) Viktor von Pentz, a German-South African who had become a priest in the Byzantine Uniate church and who was 'elected Pope' in the 'Conclave of Assisi' in 1994, taking the name 'Pope Linus II.'

13. Neo-Catholic
A member of the Antichurch who is sincerely deluded into believing that this Sect is the Catholic Church and therefore adheres to it and tries to be a Catholic in it.

A onetime nominal believer who, upon the awakening of his religious urge, turns to the Antichurch under the mistaken belief that it is the Catholic Church.

Any other person in a similar condition.

Also: Member of the Antichurch who pretends to be Catholic even when he knows that his sect is not Catholic.

14. Habemuspapamism
The belief in a particular person as the pope. Bawdenites and Pentzites, besides many sincere though deluded Neo-Catholic Roncallites, are Habemuspapamists.

15. Home Alone
Home-aloner reject ALL Resistance (i.e., "Traditionalist Catholic") priests and bishops as functioning outside of the laws of the Church, and prefering to worship at home, alone.

For a theological treatment of the question, see Jurisdiction During the Great Apostasy (http://www.vaticaninexile.com/WillChurchSurvive/JurisdictionDuringApostasy.html), written in 1985 to refute the heresies of Lucian Pulvermacher in regard to jurisdiction.

Also http://www.vaticaninexile.com/2006rebuild/December83.html on the same subject.

The most well known proponent of home alone today is the ex-Schuckardt priest, Patrick Henry of Safford, Arizona in the US. Mr. Henry believes that his ordination was invalid, has ceased to function as a priest, and devotes himself to propagating the Home-Alone movement.

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