Franconia Nobility

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INTRODUCTION 

Franconia was one of the original four provinces of Germany but, in contrast to the other provinces, it had no obvious leader for much of its history.  During the early 10th century, the Konradiner established themselves as arguably the most powerful family in the area, with Eberhard brother of Konrad I King of Germany appointed dux, effectively becoming leader in Franconia.  After Eberhard's rebellion in 938, Emperor Otto I appointed no successor duke in Franconia.  By the early 11th century, power was concentrated in the family of the future Salian emperors, centred on their power-base in Worms.  This document sets out some of the more prominent Franconian families in the early and middle medieval period.  Other unconnected Franconian nobility are set out in Chapter 2 of the document GERMAN NOBILITY. 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES in FRANCONIA

1.             HRUODISm ---.  The name of Hruodis's wife is noot known.  Hruodis & his wife had one child: 

a)             HETAN [I] .  The Passio Kiliani names "duce…Gozberto filio Hetanis senioris qui fuit filius Hruodis" at "castellum…Wirziburc"[1]m ---.  The name of Hetan's wife is not known.  Hetan [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)               GOZBERT .  The Passio Kiliani names "duce…Gozberto filio Hetanis senioris qui fuit filius Hruodis" at "castellum…Wirziburc"[2].  The Passio Kiliani records that "Gozbertum" was killed by his followers[3]m GEILANA, daughter of ---.  The Passio Kiliani names "Geilanæ" as wife of "[ducis] Gozberti", specifying in a later passage that she died after "spiritus invasit malignus"

 Gozbert & his wife had one child: 

(a)          HETAN [II] (-after 18 Apr 716).  The Passio Kiliani names "Hetanum" as son of "Gozbertum" when recording that he was expelled by "populus orientalium Francorum"[5].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "in loco…Arnestati super fluvio Huitteo… et in castello Mulenberge…" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704[6].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "super fluvio Sala in pago Saluense" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus dux" dated 18 Apr 716, subscribed by "Cato comes, Sigericus comes…Theodrada coniuge mea, Ado nutricius Hedeni et Turingus filius Hedeni, Adogoto, Hererico"[7]m THEODRADA, daughter of ---.  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "in loco…Arnestati super fluvio Huitteo… et in castello Mulenberge…" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704[8].  Hetan [II] & his wife had one child: 

(1)          THURINGUS (-after 18 Apr 716).  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704, subscribed by "Thuringus filius Hedeni"[9].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "super fluvio Sala in pago Saluense" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus dux" dated 18 Apr 716, subscribed by "…Turingus filius Hedeni…"[10]

1.             ADO (-after [Jan/Feb] 802).  A list of Saxons in Westphalia dated Jan/Feb 802 records that "Aicharh filium Fredred habuit Ado de Alamania", presumably indicating that the last named had responsibility for the allegiance sworn to the emperor by the first-named[11]

2.             NANTHER (-[after 9 Dec 879]).  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation by "Nantharii ducis in orientali francia" and his wife Kunigund to Kloster St Saturnin at Münsterdreisen by charter dated [863/64][12].  "Karolus…rex" made a donation to St Gallen of property "in comitatu Turgeuue" previously owned by "Nandheri et uxor sua Adala cum filiis vel filiabus eorum" by charter dated 9 Dec 879[13].  It is not known whether these two charters refer to the same individual.  This is not inevitable as the former document relates to property in Franconia, the latter in Swabia.  m firstly KUNIGUND, daughter of ---.  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation by "Nantharii ducis in orientali francia" and his wife Kunigund to Kloster St Saturnin at Münsterdreisen by charter dated [863/64][14]m secondly ADELA, daughter of ---.  "Karolus…rex" made a donation to St Gallen of property "in comitatu Turgeuue" previously owned by "Nandheri et uxor sua Adala cum filiis vel filiabus eorum" by charter dated 9 Dec 879[15]

 

 

Chapter 2.    Die "alten" BABENBERGER (GRAFEN im GRABFELD)

Several different counts are recorded in pagus Grabfeld at the same time.  There is no proof that they were all related, but their number indicates that Grabfeld may have been a geographically extensive pagus with several different comital centres.  The documentation records a close connection between these counts and the monastery of Fulda, as can be seen in the details set out below.  A charter of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated 5 Feb 834 records that Fulda was located in "pago Grapfelt" although it does not name any of the counts[16]

HEINRICH, son of [17]HEIMERICH [Heimo] Graf im Oberrheingau und im Lahngau & his wife --- (-after 812).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf. 

m HADABURG, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   

Graf Heinrich & his wife had two children: 

1.             POPPO [I] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Popo comes" is named in the charter dated 4 Nov 819 under which "Reginolt" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Nordheim et in pago Folcfeld…in pago Gozfeld…in pago…Weringeuue" to Fulda[18].  "Popponi comitis" subscribed the charter dated 23 Nov 819 under which "Albhart" donated property "in pago Grapfelde" to Fulda[19].  "Poppo comes" subscribed the charter dated 24 May 821 under which "Helmrih" donated property to Fulda[20].  "Poppo comes" donated property "in situa Bochonis…iuxta fluvium Lutraha…in pago Grapfeld" to Fulda by charter dated 1 Feb 826[21].  "Ludewicus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the donation of property "duas…villas ex beneficio Bopponis comites infra Boboniam quarum…Geismara et Borsaa" to Fulda by charter dated 27 Feb 839[22]

2.             HEIMERICH (-836).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf.  m ---.  The name of Heimerich's wife is not known.  Heimerich & his wife had one possible child: 

a)             [RATOLF (-after 15 Mar 838).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Ratolfi comitis, Hrabani filii eius" subscribed the charter dated 15 Mar 838 under which "Uualtpraht" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Stetihaha" to Fulda[23].]  m ---.  The name of Ratolf's wife is not known.  Ratolf & his wife had one child: 

i)               HRABAN (-after 15 Mar 838).  "Ratolfi comitis, Hrabani filii eius" subscribed the charter dated 15 Mar 838 under which "Uualtpraht" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Stetihaha" to Fulda[24]

There is too large a chronological gap between Poppo [I] and the three brothers Heinrich, Poppo and Egino for the latter to have been sons of the former, assuming that they are descended directly from Poppo [I].  No indication has been found about the identity of their father.  Jackman suggests that he was Christian [I] Graf im Grabfeld, his son Christian [II] therefore being another brother[25].  However, if this is correct, it is surprising that the name Christian is not found among the descendants of the three brothers.  Presumably Jackman bases this speculation on the common reference to Grabfeld.  However, as noted above, there appear to have been several different families of counts who held countships in Grabfeld at the same time and it is not certain that they were all related to each other. 

1.             HEINRICH (-killed in battle Paris [before Sep] 886, bur St Médard at Soissons).  The Annales Fuldenses names "Poppone fratre Henirico et Eginone comitibus"[26].  He was invested as Marquis en Neustrie in 886.  

2.             POPPO [II] (-906 or after).  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Sclavi…Dalmatii et Behemi atque Sorabi" invaded Thuringia in 880 and devastated the land around "Salam fluvium", in which battle "Poppo comes et dux Sorabici limitis" fought[27]Duke in Thuringia.  The Annales Fuldenses record "in Thuringia…quibus Poppo comes et dux Sorabici" campaigning in 880[28], and more specifically names "Poppone fratre Heinrico et Eginone comitibus", recording that he conquered "Thuringis inferior"[29].  The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[30].  The Annales Fuldenses records a conflict in 883 between "Boppo et Egino comites et duces Thuringorum", in which Poppo was victorious[31].  "Gotesdeu" donated property "in pago Badnegewe in comitatu Eginonis…in pago Graphelt in comitatu Heinrici…loco Munrichestat" to Fulda by charter dated 16 Apr 887, signed by "Boppo comes"[32].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Uuormazfelda in comitatu Megingaudi…in villa Dechidestein" to Kloster Fulda on the proposal of "Pobbonis et Deotpoldi [comitum]" by charter dated 21 Jul 889[33].  "Arnolfus…rex" gave property "nuncupante Hruodeshof in pago Folchfelda in comitatu Ebonis" to "nostræ Fridarun" on the intervention of "Popbonis marchionis nostri" by charter dated 12 Jan 891[34].  The Annales Fuldenses records that "Poppo dux Thuringorum" was deprived of his honours in 891[35].  Markgraf der Sorbenmark 892.  Regino specifies that his dukedom was given to "Chuonrado" and soon after to "Burchardo comitis"[36].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany issued a charter relating to Kloster Fulda "in pago Folcfelda in comitatu Popponis" dated 29 Jun 906[37]m [--- of Thuringia, daughter of THAKULF Duke in Thuringia & his wife ---.  Jackman speculates that Poppo owed his dukedom in Thuringia to having married the daughter of Duke Thakulf, sister of Duke Radulf[38].  This is an interesting theory but it assumes that the principle of heredity played a part in the transfer of such titles, an issue which merits further study.]  Duke Poppo [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             ADALBERT (-after 915).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Grabfeld and Tullfeld. 

b)             POPPO [III] (-945).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Grabfeld und Tullfeld.  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[39].  Heinrich I King of Germany granted property "in Buochunna sitas…in pago Grapfeld in comitatu Bobbonis infra terminum Soresdorf…in loco Berahtoltestafta" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 22 Jun 922[40].  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed rights of the bishopric of Würzburg to income from various properties at the suggestion of "presul Thioto…cum Bobbone comite" by charter dated 8 Apr 923[41].  "Otto…rex" granted privileges to Würzburg church relating to property "in Nordheimono marco…in pago Craffelda in comitatu Popponis" and of "Poppo comes noster" by charter dated 13 Dec 941[42].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[43], Graf Poppo [III] was the possible father of Graf Poppo [IV] and of Graf Otto [I] (-died after 982).  The latter appears identical with "Otto Graf von Grabfeld", who has been identified by Jackman[44] as the son of Udo Graf in der Wetterau, im Rheingau und Lahngau [Konradiner]. 

c)             [daughter .  Patze suggests that the wife of Graf Wilhelm [I] was the daughter of Poppo [II] Duke of Thuringia, Graf im Volkfeld[45].  Jackman comments that "this is chronologically very unlikely"[46].  The source which provides the basis for this suggestion has not been identified, although her naming her supposed son Poppo suggests a connection.  It should be noted that the sons of Poppo [II] were Grafen im Grabfeld (according to Europäische Stammtafeln[47]).  The wife of Graf Wilhelm [I]'s possible son, Graf Wilhelm [II], was the daughter of Otto "Graf von Grabfeld".  This suggests some possible confusion between the wives of the two Grafen Wilhelm.  m WILHELM I Graf in Südthüringau, im Gau Usiti [Husitin] und im Helms- und Altgau [Weimar-Orlamünde], son of --- (-16 Apr 963).] 

3.             EGINO (-[886/87]).  The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[48].  The Annales Fuldenses records a conflict in 883 between "Boppo et Egino comites et duces Thuringorum", in which Poppo was victorious[49].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 886 of "Egino com"[50].  "Gotesdeu" donated property "in pago Badnegewe in comitatu Eginonis…in pago Graphelt in comitatu Heinrici…loco Munrichestat" to Fulda by charter dated 16 Apr 887, signed by "Boppo comes"[51], which places some doubt on the date of death in the previous source.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "ad Chrutheim in pagis Folcfeld et in Iffigeuue in comitatibus filiorum Heimrici et Eginonis" to "ministerialis…Epo" by charter dated 13 Mar 888[52]

HEINRICH, son of POPPO [I] Graf im Saalgau & his wife --- (-killed in battle Paris [before Sep] 886, bur St Médard at Soissons).  The Annales Fuldenses names "Poppone fratre Henirico et Eginone comitibus"[53].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinricum principum" led the army of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks into Moravia in 866[54].  The Annales Fuldenses names "Henricum" as "principum militiæ suæ [=Hludowicus Hludowici regis filius]" and as "comitis vassalus" in 871[55].  The Annales Fuldenses records the victory of "Heinricus et Adalhartus" against "Thiotbaldo principe militiæ Hugonis" in 880[56].  The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[57].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinricus frater Popponis" fought the Vikings at "Prumiam" in 883[58].  He was invested as Marquis en Neustrie in 886 by Emperor Karl III "der Dicke", who was at that time briefly King of the West Franks, after the death of Hugues l'Abbé.  Abbo's Bella Parisiciæ Urbis records the part played by "Saxonia vir Ainricus" at the siege of Paris in 886[59].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinrico marchensi Francorum" who held Neustria was killed at the siege of Paris in 886[60].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "886 Kal Sep" of "Heinrih com"[61]

m INGELTRUDIS [Baba], daughter of --- (-after 864).  According to the Annalista Saxo, the mother of Adalbert, and therefore wife of Heinrich, was "Baba dicebatur"[62].  The primary source which confirms her name as Ingeltrudis has not yet been identified.  Eckhardt[63] suggests that Ingeltrudis was the daughter of Eberhard Marquis of Friulia & his wife Gisela [Carolingian], and therefore sister of Berengario I King of Italy.  However, this appears impossible chronologically given that her daughter Hedwig gave birth to her third child in 876. 

Heinrich & his wife had four children: 

1.             HEDWIG [Hathui] ([850/55]-24 Dec 903).  "Hathwiga" is named as wife of Otto in the Annalista Saxo, which in an earlier passage records that Heinrich I King of Germany was the son of the sister of Adalbert [Babenberg][64].  Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her third son in 876.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 903 of "Hadwih com"[65].  The necrology of Merseburg records the death "24 Dec" of "Hathuui mater Heinrici regis"[66]m OTTO "der Erlauchte" Graf im Sudthüringau und Eichsfeld, son of LIUDOLF [von Sachsen] & his wife Oda [Billung] (-30 Nov 912[67], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).  He was chosen to succeed Ludwig "das Kind" [Carolingian] as king of Germany in 911 but, according to Widukind, he declined on the grounds of his advanced age and recommended the election of Konrad ex-Duke of the Franconians[68]

2.             ADALBERT (-executed 9 Jun 906).  He is named, and his parentage given, in the Annalista Saxo, when recording his struggle with the Konradiner family[69]Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[70]Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres"[71]Regino records that in 903 "Adalbertus Rodulfum episcopum Wiziburgensis ecclesia fugat"[72].  "Adalberti comitis" exchanged property with the abbot of Fulda by charter dated 26 Apr 903[73].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 903 "Adalbertus Chonradum bello occidit"[74].  The Annales Laubacenses record that in 906 "Adalbertus filius Heinrichi, ficta fide episcoporum deceptus, capite decollatus est"[75].  Graf.  He was executed during the bitter quarrel between the Babenberger and Wetterau [Konradiner] families, which marked the breaking of Babenberg power in central Germany[76]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Adalbert & his wife had one possible child: 

a)             [HEINRICH (-[935]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[77], Heinrich was the probable son of Adalbert or of one of Adalbert's brothers.  This is supported by his being described as "propinquus noster" by Heinrich I King of Germany (see below), who was the son of Adalbert's sister Hedwig and would therefore have been Heinrich's first cousin if the relationship is correctly shown here.  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Ibfigeuue et in comitatu Ernusti comitis sitas…in locis Leimbah, Steinaha et Thiefbach" to the bishop of Freising at the request of "Erchangarii et Heinrici comitum" by charter dated 8 Aug 912[78].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[79].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[80].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Udalfrid Bishop of Eichstätt by charter dated 9 Sep 918 at the request of "Eberhardo et Heinricho comitibus"[81].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[82].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "ducis nostri Arnulfi vassallo Kerung" at the request of "comitis ac propinqui nostri Henrici" by charter dated 18 Oct 927[83].  This suggests that Heinrich was a Bavarian count, Arnulf being duke of Bavaria.  "Henricus…rex" granted property "in pago Sueuia in comitatu…Sigifridi curtem…Groninga…et Croppensteti et Emmundorp" to "Sigifredo…comiti" at the request of "Henrici comitis" by charter dated 25 Jun 934[84].]  m ---.  The name of Heinrich's wife is not known.  Heinrich & his wife had three possible children: 

i)               [HEINRICH (-Rome 3 Jul 964).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Archbishop of Trier 956.] 

ii)             [POPPO (-15 Feb 961).  Brother of Heinrich Archbishop of Trier.  Chancellor of Germany 931/940.  Bishop of Würzburg 941.  The necrology of St Gall records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Popponis Wirciburgensis ecclesie ep"[85].] 

iii)            [[86] BERTHOLD (-15 Jan 980).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf 941.  Graf im Radenzgau 960.  Graf an der unteren Naab 961.  Graf im Volkfeld 973.  Markgraf 976.  Graf des Ostlichen Franken 980.] 

-         MARKGRAFEN von SCHWEINFURT

3.             ADALHARD (-executed 903).  Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[87]Regino records the war between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Adalhardus captor…est"[88].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[89]

4.             HEINRICH (-killed in battle [902/03]).  Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[90]Regino records the war between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Heinrich interfectus…est"[91].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[92]

 

1.             OTTO (-[983/85]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[93], Otto was the possible son of Poppo [III] Graf im Grabfeld und Tullfeld, but the source on which this is based has not been identified.  Jackman suggests that he was the same person as Otto, son of Graf Udo [Konradiner][94], but this theory is intertwined with his other theory concerning the affiliation of Graf Heribert, father of Otto von Hammerstein.  "Otto…rex" granted property "villam Northeim in pago Salzgowe in comitatu Ottonis comitis" to Kloster Fulda by undated charter placed in the compilation with other charters dated in early 951[95].  Graf im Grabfeld.  m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is not known.  Otto & his wife had [four] children:

a)             [daughter .  The name of Graf Wilhelm [II]'s wife is not known.  Jackman suggests[96], for onomastic reasons only it appears, that she was the daughter of Otto Graf von Grabfeld, his assumption being that the latter was a Konradiner.  m WILHELM II "der Grosse" Graf von Weimar, son of [WILHELM I Graf in Südthüringau, im Helms- und Altgau & his wife ---] (-24 Dec 1003, bur Naumburg).]   

b)             GEBHARD (-982).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 982 of "Gebehart com"[97]

c)             OTTO (-27 May 1010).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Grabfeld.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[98], Graf Otto was the father of Poppo Graf von Henneberg and his brother Godebold Burggraf von Würzburg (ancestor of the later Grafen von Henneberg).  It appears that this is based on onomastic reasons, as the same source states that Graf Otto's male line great grandfather was possibly Poppo [II] Markgraf der Sorbenmark, Graf im Volkfeld ("alte" Babenberger).  If this descent is incorrect, it is assumed that there is no further basis for the suggestion.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1010 VI Kal Iun" of "Otto com"[99]

d)             HERMANN (-killed in battle Marabolt 13 Jul 995).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Leinegau.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "995 III Id Iul" of "Heriman com occisus est Marabolt"[100]

 

 

Chapter 3.    Die AHALOLFINGER

It is not certain that Erchanger, father of Empress Richilde, was related to the Ahalolfinger family, but his name suggests that this may have been the case. 

1.             ERCHANGER (-864).  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[101].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Erkingarius comes in Alamannia, pater primæ uxoris anonymæ Caroli Crassi" among those who swore allegiance in 864[102].  The Annales Weingartenses record the death in 864 of “Eberht, Liutolf, Erchanger, Liutfrid, Ruadolf, Purghart et alii quam plurimi istius regni Principes[103]m IMMA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Erchanger & his wife had [two] children: 

a)             RICHARDIS (-Abbey of Andlau, Alsace 18 Sep before [906/11]).  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Erkingarius comes in Alamannia, pater primæ uxoris anonymæ Caroli Crassi"[104].  Abbess of Andlau in Alsace 887.  At the time of their divorce, the couple both declared that the marriage had never been consummated.  Regino names "Gozzelino eiusdem urbis [=Paris?] episcopo" in 887, recording that he left the church and married "Richardem sic enim Augusta vocabatur"[105]m firstly (862, divorced 887) CHARLES, son of LUDWIG II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks & his wife Emma [Welf] (839-Neudingen an der Donau 13 Jan 888, bur Kloster Reichenau).  He succeeded his father in 876 as KARL III King of the East Franks.  He was crowned Emperor KARL III "le Gros" in 881.  m secondly GAUZLIN ex-Bishop. 

b)             [---.  m ---.] 

i)               ROTRUD .  "Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed donations of Empress Richgard by charter dated [900/09] which names "Ruuddrudis neptis sepe dicte imperatricis"[106].  The precise relationship is not known. 

2.             WORAD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Conte di Verona. 

3.             WALDO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Schwarzach. 

 

 

1.             ERCHANGER (-executed 917).  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[107].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[108], which shows that Erchanger was considered third in importance among the nobility in the realm at that time, assuming that the order of the names is of significance.  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Ibfigeuue et in comitatu Ernusti comitis sitas…in locis Leimbah, Steinaha et Thiefbach" to the bishop of Freising at the request of "Erchangarii et Heinrici comitum" by charter dated 8 Aug 912[109].  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Lobotungouue in comitatu Liutfridi comitis" to the monk Sigulf of Heiligenberg, and after his death to Kloster Lorsch, at the request of "Erkangeri comitis ac…Erlolfi et Folnandi" by charter dated 23 Aug 912[110].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[111].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[112].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "discordiam inter regem et Erchangerum" in 913, but that he was among those who defeated the Hungarians and thereafter made peace with the king (confirmed by the latter's marriage to Erchanger's sister)[113].  He revolted against Konrad I King of Germany in 913/14, was acclaimed dux after the defeat of his rivals at Hohenaltheim in 916, but executed in 917[114]Regino records in 917 "Erchanger et Berahtold decollantur"[115]

2.             BERTHOLD (-executed 917).  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erichangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[116].  The Annales Sangallenses record that "Erchanger et Perehtolt frater eius et Uadalricus comes" were among those who defeated the Hungarians in 913[117].  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Erchanger, Perahtolt et Liutfrid" were killed in 916[118], without specifying the relationship between Erchanger and Berthold. 

3.             KUNIGUNDE (-after 7 Jun 914, bur Kloster Lorsch).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Annales Alamannicorum which record the marriage in 913 of "sororem [Erchangeri] Liupoldi relictam" with the king[119].  Her second husband arranged their marriage in an unsuccessful attempt to ally himself with her brother and with Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[120].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[121].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed grants of property "sue locum Ginga" to Kloster Lorsch by "coniux nostra Chunigund" by charter dated 8 Feb 915[122]m firstly [as his second wife,] LIUTPOLD Markgraf [Luitpoldinger], son of --- (-killed in battle near Pressburg 4 Jul 907).  m secondly (913) KONRAD I King of Germany, son of KONRAD Graf in der Wetterau und im Wormsgau, Markgraf in Thuringia [Konradiner] & his wife Glismut (-19 Oct 918, bur Fulda).  

1.             ERCHANGER (-after 7 Nov 921).  A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Matfredus, Erkengerus, Hagano, Boso, Waltherus, Isaac, Ragenberus, Theodricus, Adalardus, Adelelmus" as representatives of the former[123].  It is not known how Erchanger may have been related to the earlier counts of this name. 

 

 

Chapter 4.    Die WETTERAU (Konradiner) (GRAFEN im LAHNGAU)

-     see Swabian Nobility, Chapter 11, for earlier family

This family, of Swabian origin, established a strong position in Franconia during the reign of Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of the East Franks.  They eliminated their closest rivals the Babenberger family in 906.  The succession of a member of this family to the German throne was seen as the obvious choice after the death without heirs of King Ludwig IV[124].  As will be seen in the analysis set out below, many of the family relationships in this family are speculative, based on the onomastic theories of Jackman.  

UDO, son of GEBHARD Graf im Niederlahngau (see Swabian Nobility, Graf im Thurgau) & his wife ---.  Graf im Lahngau.  860/879. 

m ---.  The identity of Udo's wife is not known with certainty.  According to Jackman[125], she may have been [Judith], daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- und Argengau.  King Arnulf in a charter dated 19 May 891 names "Chonradi…comitis et nepotis nostri"[126].  The speculation is that the relationship may have been through Konrad's mother who, if identified as the daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- under Argengau, was the niece of King Arnulf's paternal grandmother Queen Hemma.  However, an interesting puzzle is highlighted by the charter dated 10 Feb 910 under which "Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn at the request of "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri, cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi in pago Loganahe in suo comitatu"[127].  "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri…" in this document is identified as the future Konrad I King of Germany, and therefore the son of Konrad who is named in the 891 charter.   The two documents are therefore consistent in this respect when both are described as "nepotis" of King Arnulf and King Ludwig IV.  However, "…cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi" is identified as Konrad "Kurzbold", son of Eberhard (killed in [902/03]) who is identified in other sources (as explained below) as the brother of the senior Konrad who is named in the 891 charter.   The problem is that Konrad "Kurzbold" is not identified, either in the 910 charter or in other documentation in which he is named, as "nepos" of either of the Carolingian monarchs.  One explanation could be that Konrad and Eberhard were born from different marriages of their father.   

Udo & his wife had [four possible] children[128], who as shown below are confirmed as brothers in primary sources none of which mentions their parentage: 

1.             KONRAD ([845/60]-killed in battle near Fritzlar 27 Feb 906, bur Weilburg Martinskirche) first son of Udo (- 879).  Regino names "Chuonradus senior [et] frater eius Gebehardus", specifying that Konrad resided in Hessen at Friedeslar[129].  His birth date range is estimated from other estimated birth date ranges of members of the family and the known dates of Konrad's own career.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Nordgauensis…in villa Yebinesheim" to the church of Speyer at the request of "Chuonradi comitis ministerialisque" by charter dated 3 Feb 891[130]Regino specifies that the dukedom of "Boppo dux Thuringorum" was given to "Chuonrado" in 892 and soon after to "Burchardo comitis"[131].  "Conradum, patrem Conradi postea regis" is named in the Annalista Saxo, when recording his quarrel with Adalbert [Babenberg] and Heinrich of Saxony[132].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 903 "Adalbertus Chonradum bello occidit"[133].  Graf im Oberlahngau 886.  Graf im Hessengau 897.  Graf im Gotzfeldgau 903:  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to the bishopric of Würzburg by charter dated 9 Jul 903 at the request (among others) of "comitum…Chonrati…" and which related to property "in pago Cozfelda in comitatu Chonrati"[134].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of Stift Kaiserswerth naming "Cuonrat…propinquus noster et abba cœnobii sancti Suithberti" at the request of "comitum…Cuonrati…et Gebeharti" by charter dated 3 Aug 904[135].  Graf in der Wetterau 905.  Graf im Wormsgau 906: "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of the church of Worms including "res in pago Wormazfelde in comitatu Kuonrati" which "comes Gebehartus" held, by charter dated 2 Sep 906[136]Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[137].  Markgraf in Thuringia[138]Regino records the death in battle "906 III Kal Mar" of "Chuonradus senior" and his burial "in castello Wileneburch" by "filii cum matre" (without naming them)[139]m GLISMOD, daughter of --- (-26 Apr 924).  "Chuonradus…rex" made a donation of property "in pago Husitin et in comitatu Bardonis…curtem Dribura…et in pago Loganacgouue…in comitatu Ottonis fratris nostri" to Kloster Fulda on the intervention of "genitricis nostræ Glismodæ" by charter dated 1 Jul 912[140].  Jackman speculates[141] that Glismod must have been related to the earlier dukes in Thuringia, which would have given her husband a hereditary claim to the dukedom which he held briefly, postulating that she was the daughter of a sister of Duke Thakulf[142].  This assumes the grant depended on some hereditary right and was not merely a reward for personal service.  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "VI Kal Mai 924" of "Glismuot com"[143]m secondly, unknown name, daughter of unknown. Graf Konrad & his wife Glismod had [four] children and one child from another unknown 2nd wife: 

a)             KONRAD ([875/85]-19 Oct or 23 Dec 918, bur Fulda).  Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[144].  Graf im Hessengau 908: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to Kloster Hersfeld built "in pago Hassionum in comitatu Chuonrati" by charter dated 17 Dec 908[145].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 17 Dec 908 which names "Chonradi comitis nostri atque propinqui"[146].  "Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn at the request of "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri, cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi in pago Loganahe in suo comitatu" by charter dated 10 Feb 910[147].  Graf in der Wetterau, Graf im Keldachgau 910: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Foldger" at the request of "Chuonradus comes ac propinquus noster…in pago Keldocense in comitatu ipsius Chuonradi" by charter dated 26 Jul 910[148].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Gozbold" at the request of "Chuonradi et Eberhardi comitum" by charter dated 16 Jun 911[149].  He was elected KONRAD I King of Germany at Forchheim [7/10] Nov 911, with support from "Franks, Saxons, Alemans and Bavarians"[150].  He was opposed by his brother-in-law Erchanger who rebelled in 915, and by Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[151].  He was wounded on an expedition against Arnulf Duke of Bavaria, which led to his death[152].  On his deathbed he nominated Heinrich of Saxony as his successor as king of Germany[153].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 918 of "Cuonradus rex"[154]Regino records the death of "Chuonradus rex" in 919 and his burial in Fulda monastery[155].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "X Kal Jan" of "Chuonradi regis"[156].  Thietmar records his death on 19 Oct, and his "funeral obsequies…at Weilburg"[157].  The Annalista Saxo records that "sepultus est in civitate sua Wilinaburh"[158]m (before 7 Jun 914) as her second husband, KUNIGUNDE, widow of LIUTPOLD Markgraf [Liutpoldinger], sister of Graf ERCHANGER [Ahalolfinger] (bur Kloster Lorsch).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Annales Alamannicorum which record the marriage in 913 of "sororem [Erchangeri] Liupoldi relictam" with the king[159].  Her second husband arranged their marriage in an unsuccessful attempt to ally himself with her brother and with Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[160].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[161].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed grants of property "sue locum Ginga" to Kloster Lorsch by "coniux nostra Chunigund" by charter dated 8 Feb 915[162]Konrad & his wife, Kunigunde had two children:

i)        KUNIGUNDE (913 - )

ii)        HERMANN (913 - )

b)             EBERHARD (-killed in battle near Andernach 23 Oct 939).  The Chronicon Laureshamense records a declaration of "Chuonradus rex" dated "914 VII Id Iun apud Franchonfort" relating to the freedom of election of abbots in which he names "Eberhardi marchionis fratris nostri"[163].  Widukind names "Evurhardus frater regis"[164].  Thietmar also names Eberhard as brother of King Konrad, when recording that the latter recommended that he support the election of the future King Heinrich I on his deathbed[165].  Lay Abbot of St Maximin at Trier 909.  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Gozbold" at the request of "Chuonradi et Eberhardi comitum" by charter dated 16 Jun 911[166].  "Chuonradus…rex" donated property "in Turgeuue cirtem…Vuihare et in Alpegeuue locum…Sueininga…et in pago Para curtem…Oberendorf" to Kloster St Gallen on the intervention of "Eburhardique germani fratris nostri" by charter dated 14 Mar 912[167].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[168].  Graf in der Wetterau, Graf im Hessen und Perfgau 913.  Graf im Oberlahngau 913 and 928.  Markgraf 914: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "villa Bercheim in comitatu Eberhardi in pago Tuonahgouue" to "capellano Reginolf" by charter dated 4 May 916[169].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[170].  Duke of Franconia.  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Udalfrid Bishop of Eichstätt by charter dated 9 Sep 918 at the request of "Eberhardo et Heinricho comitibus"[171].  He submitted to Heinrich I King of Germany, elected in 919 to succeed his deceased brother[172].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[173].  A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Evrardus, Chonradus, Herimannus, Hato, Godefredus, Otto, Herimannus, Cobbo, Magenhardus, Fridericus, Foldac" as representatives of the latter[174].  Truchsess 936.  Pfalzgraf 938.  He rebelled against Otto I "der Große" King of Germany in 938, seized Hellmern, and captured Heinrich, the king's brother, for which he was imprisoned at Hildesheim[175].  He was killed by his cousins, the brothers Hermann I Duke of Swabia and Udo[176].  Regino records that "Eberhardus" was sent into exile in 939 and killed[177].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 939 of "Eburhart dux"[178].  [m ---.  Jackman speculates[179] that Eberhard married (after Jun 910), as her third husband, Oda von Sachsen, widow firstly of Zwentibold King of Lotharingia [Carolingian] and secondly of Graf Gerhard [Matfriede], daughter of Otto “des Erlauchten” Duke [of Saxony] & his wife Hedwig (-2 Jul after 952), for onomastic reasons as the name of Eberhard's supposed daughter (her affiliation also being based only on his own separate onomastic hypothesis) was that of Oda's maternal grandmother.  This is an interesting theory but it accumulates one onomastic hypothesis on another and must be considered highly speculative.]  Eberhard [& his wife had one possible daughter]: 

i)               [INGELTRUD.  Jackman[180] suggests, for onomastic reasons only, that the wife of Vicomte Robert may have been the daughter of Graf Eberhard.  However, this appears unlikely from a geographical perspective.  In addition, no strikingly typical Konradiner names feature among this couple's descendants.  Settipani suggests that Ingeltrud may have been the daughter of Eberhard's younger brother Otto[181]m ROBERT Vicomte de Dijon, son of ---.] 

c)             OTTO (-after 918).  "Chuonradus…rex" made a donation of property "in pago Husitin et in comitatu Bardonis…curtem Dribura…et in pago Loganacgouue…in comitatu Ottonis fratris nostri" to Kloster Fulda on the intervention of "genitricis nostræ Glismodæ" by charter dated 1 Jul 912[182].  Graf im Ruhrgau.  Graf an der mittleren Lahn 912: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Logenahe in comitatu Ottonis germani nostri…curtem Reltenbach" to the convent at Weilburg by charter dated 28 Nov 912[183]

d)             [daughter .  Widukind names "Burghardum quoque Bardonem", specifying "quorum alter gener regis erat", when recording that Duke Heinrich drove them from Thuringia in 913[184]m BURKHARD, son of BURKHARD dux in Thuringia & his wife ---.] 

e)        BURKHARD (-killed in battle Thuringia 3 Aug 908).  Regino specifies that the dukedom of "Boppo dux Thuringorum" was given to "Chuonrado" in 892 and soon after to "Burchardo comitis"[68].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "Purchart marchio Thuringionum"[69].  The Annales Alammanici record that "Burchardus dux Turingorum et Rudolfus episcopus Eginoque" were killed by the Hungarians in Saxony in 908[70]m ---.  The name of Burkhard's wife is not known.  Burkhard & his wife had two children:

i)             BURKHARD .  Widukind names "Burghardum quoque Bardonem", specifying "quorum alter gener regis erat", when recording that Duke Heinrich drove them from Thuringia in 913[71]m ---[in der Wetterau], daughter of KONRAD Graf in der Wetterau [Konradiner] & his wife Glismod ---. 

ii)             BARDO .  Widukind names "Burghardum quoque Bardonem" specifying "quorum alter gener regis erat", when recording that Duke Heinrich drove them from Thuringia in 913[72]

2.             EBERHARD (-killed in battle near Bamberg [902/903]), third son of Udo (- 879).  Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Eberhardis multis vulneribus in prœlio occidit"[185].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[186].  Graf im Niederlahngau.  Graf in der Ortenau 888.  m ---.  According to Europäische Stammmtafeln[187], the wife of Eberhard may have been Wiltrud, daughter of [Walacho & his wife ---], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified not has any primary source which confirms that Eberhard's wife was named Wiltrud.  903/33.  Eberhard & his wife had three children: 

a)             KONRAD "Kurzbold" ([885/90]-30 Jun 948, bur Limburg St Georg).  "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Loganahe…Brichene" to "Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi" in connection with the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn by charter dated 10 Feb 910 which also names "Chuonrati…ducis et…nepotem nostri"[188].  Widukind names "Conradi Evurhardi filii"[189].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he was a young adult when he was granted property in 910.  Graf im Wormsgau 907: "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Wormatiense in comitatu Cunradi in villa…Dienenheim" to the monk Sigolf at Lorsch by charter dated 22 Oct 907[190].  Graf im Unterlahngau, when he founded St Georg at Limburg in 910 (see charter quoted above).  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[191].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erichangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[192].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[193].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[194].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[195].  Graf im Ahregau 927.  Graf im der Wetterau, Graf im Wormsgau 932: "Henricus…rex" granted property "in Triburi in pago Engilia in comitatu Megenwardi [et] in Istat in pago Nabelgowe in comitatu Meginwardi eiusdem et in Merseburc in pago Hosgowe in comitatu Sigifridi" to Kloster Fulda in exchange for property "in Abunheim in pago Warmazgowe in comitatu Chunradi" by charter dated 3 Jun 932[196].  "Otto…rex" donated "Meriske [Mörsch] in pago Vfgowe in comitatu Gebehardi" to the church of Speier "Baboni eiusdem comitis Burchardi vassallo in pago Hegouue" by charter dated 12 Feb 940 at the request of "Chuonradi…comitis nostri"[197].  "Otto…rex" granted property "prædium quale Eburhardus comes in loco Ubitisheim in pago Logenahe" to the church of Limburg St Georg at the request of "Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 20 Apr 940[198].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Blesensi…et in pago Salnense et…infra civitatem Mettis…et in pago Bettense" to Kloster St Maximin Trier at the request of "germani nostri Heinrici…et Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 3 Jun 940[199].  "Otto…rex" granted protection to Kloster Limburg founded by "comes…Cuonradus…in castello sue proprietatis Lintburc" by charter dated 2 Jun 942[200].  Graf im Nahegau 942: "Otto…rex" granted property "Niuunchirika…in pago Nahgouue in forastre Wasogo in comitatu…Cunradi" to Bishop Richgowe at the request of "Cunradi comitis" by charter dated 22 Oct 942[201].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in forasto…Lutara…in pago Nahgouue…in comitatu Cuonradi" to "fideli nostro Franco" at the request of "ducis…Cuonradi" by charter dated 17 Dec 945[202].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[203].  Graf im Lobdengau 948: "Otto…rex" granted property "in villa Hemmingersbach…in pago Rinecgouue in comitatu Vdonis comitis…in pago Lobotengouue in comitatu Cunradi comitis" to "clerico Liuthere" by charter dated 28 Feb 948[204]Regino records the death in 948 of "Chuonradus comes filius Eberhardi"[205]

-   see below Four children, brothers and sister of Konrad [Kurzbold]( - 948)

b)             GEBHARD (-after 15 Jan 947).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Ufgau 940, Graf im Rheinfelden: "Otto…rex" donated "Meriske [Mörsch] in pago Vfgowe in comitatu Gebehardi" to the church of Speier "Baboni eiusdem comitis Burchardi vassallo in pago Hegouue" by charter dated 12 Feb 940 at the request of "Chuonradi…comitis nostri"[206].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[207]m [ADELA] ---.  Graf Gebhard's wife is not namedd explicitly in the sources so far consulted.  However, an "Adela" is named in a name-list in the Reichenau memorial book dated [926/32] which appears to include members of the Konradiner family, Jackman suggesting that she is well placed in the list to be Graf Gebhard's wife[208], although this is not the only possible interpretation.  Jackman suggests[209] that she was [Adela] de Vermandois, daughter of Héribert I Comte de Vermandois, although based solely only on onomastic grounds.  Graf Gebhard & his wife had one child: 

i)               KONRAD [Kuno I] ([915/20]-26 Apr 982).  Regino records that in 950 "Chuonradis filius Gebehardis comitis quoniam cum quadem nepte regis se concubuisse sibi imposuit, a quodam Burchardo Saxone monomachia victus, fefellise patuit"[210].  His birth date range is estimated for consistency with the careers of the other known members of his family.  Thietmar records that "a certain Cono defamed the emperor's daughter Conrad's wife and claimed that she had secretly become his wife", but that he lost his right hand in the duel with "Count Burchard" which resulted[211].  It has been assumed that "Cono" should be identified with Konrad son of Gebhard.  Vogt von Schwarzach.  Graf im Rheingau 948-951.  "Otto…rex" granted property to Worms St Peter, among which "tertiam parte…in castello Lobodunburg…in pago Lobodungouue in comitatu Counradi", by charter dated 13 Jan 953[212].  Graf in der Ortenau 973, Graf im Rheinfelden.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "982 VI Kal Mai" of "Cuonrat com"[213]m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Graf Konrad & his wife had two child: 

(a)          KONRAD [Kuno II] ([940/45][214]- 1030). KUNO .  Graf von Wetterau and Rheinfelden before 1034.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[214a], he was the stepbrother of Ida, wife of Graf Ratbod, ancestor of the Grafen von Habsburg.  m JUDITH von Wetterau, daughter of KONRAD I von Wetterau Duke of Swabia.  Graf Kuno & his wife had four children: 

1)             RUDOLF von Wetterau Graf of Rheinfelden (-killed in battle near Hohenmölsen near Merseburg 16 Oct 1080, bur Merseburg cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was installed as Duke of Swabia in 1057.  He was elected RUDOLF King of Germany in 1077. 

2)             ADALBERO (-6 Aug 1070).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at St Gallen.  Bishop of Worms 1066. 

3)             UDA .  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenburg in memory of their daughter Uda.  daughter .  m ---. 

i)               JUDITHm ---. 

4)          ADELGAUD .  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "Adelgaudum abbatem…filius Iudite, filia sororis Ruodolfi [dux Alemannorum]" when recording that Emperor Heinrich expelled him from the abbey[214b].  Abbot of Ebersteinmünster. 

 

(b)             [ADELHEID (-7 Dec after 1057, bur Alsleben).  The Annales Stadenses name "Adelheithim amitam Rodolfi von Wetterau [von Rheinfelden]" as wife of "comitem Luderum"[214c], although the other parts of these Annals appear unreliable and this statement should be treated with caution until corroborated by another source.  If the relationship with King Rudolf is correctly stated, it is possible that she was his maternal aunt.  m ([1025]) LOTHAR-UDO von Stade, son of SIEGFRIED II Graf von Stade & his wife Adela von Alsleben (after 994-7 Nov 1057).  He succeeded in 1037 as LOTHAR-UDO II Graf von Stade, and in 1056 as LOTHAR-UDO I Markgraf der Nordmark.] 

RUDOLF von Wetterau Graf of Rheinfelden, son of Graf KUNO II & his wife Judith (-killed in battle near Hohenmölsen near Merseburg 16 Oct 1080, bur Merseburg cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was installed as Duke of Swabia in 1057 by Agnes de Poitou, widow of Emperor Heinrich III[214d].  He became rector of Burgundy, entrusted with the administration of the kingdom, in 1060.  He introduced the stricter monastic rules from Fruttuaria into the monastery of St Blasien in 1072.  He was one of the nobles opposed to his brother-in-law King Heinrich IV.  He was elected RUDOLF King of Germany at Forcheim in Feb 1077 by the German nobility who were affronted by Pope Gregory VI's withdrawal of the order of excommunication against King Heinrich.  The Pope remained neutral, but after the king's defeat near Flarcheim on the Unstrut 27 Jan 1080, he renewed the excommunication of the king and impliedly declared support for Rudolf as anti-king by granting remission to the sins of Rudolf's supporters.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1080 Id Oct" of "Roudolfus rex", and his burial "apud Merseburc".  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XVII Kal Nov" of "Ruodolfus rex".  The identification of this entry with Rudolf von Wetterau Graf of Rheinfelden is rendered more probable by another entry referring to his daughter Agnes as "filia Ruodolfi regis de Arle". 

m firstly (1059) MATHILDE of Germany, daughter of Emperor HEINRICH III King of Germany & his second wife Agnès de Poitou (1045-12 May 1060).  The Annales of Berthold record the marriage in 1059 of "Roudolfus Alemmanorum dux" and "Mahthildam, Heinrici regis sororem" and the death in 1060 of "Mahthilt soror regis".  The Annales Sancti Blasii record the marriage in 1059 of "Roudolfus dux" and "Mahtildam regis sororem" and the death of "Mahtilt uxor Roudolfi ducis" in 1060. 

m secondly ([after Jun 1066]) ADELAIDE de Savoie, daughter of ODDON Comte de Chablais, Marchese di Susa & his wife Adelaida Marchese di Susa ([1052/53]-[Schloß Twiel] early 1079, bur St Blasius).  The Annales of Berthold, which record the death in 1079 of "uxor…regis Roudolfi…Adelheit, filia Adelheidæ marchionissæ, soror Berhtæ reginæ uxoris Heinrici", prove that she was the daughter of Adelaida di Susa.  Her daughter Adelheid is named with "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" in a charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086].  Europäische Stammtafeln shows Adelaide's birth date as "after 1052", presumably based on the likelihood that she was born after her sister Berthe as Heinrich IV King of Germany would no doubt have married the older daughter.  Concerning her marriage date, it is likely that the marriage took place after the marriage of her older sister.  She is named "Adalheid coniux Ruodulfi ducis" in the Annales Weissemburgenses, which records that she was accused of being unchaste, was repudiated by her husband two years later, and found asylum at the court of Pope Alexander.  The Annales of Berthold record that "rex…Roudolfus…uxor" was "in partes Burgundiæ a Turego divertens", suffering "iniurias" in "quodam castello suo".  The wife of "Rudolfus rex de Arle" is named "Adelheidis" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald.  The Annales Sancti Blasii record the death in 1079 of "Adelheit uxor Roudolfi regis" and her burial "apud Sanctum Blasium".  The Annales of Berthold record the death in 1079 of "uxor…regis Roudolfi…Adelheit, filia Adelheidæ marchionissæ, soror Berhtæ reginæ uxoris Heinrici" and her burial "ad monasterium Sancti Blasii".  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Adelaide married firstly Guigues Comte d'Albon.  Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln shows the first wife of Guigues Comte d'Albon as "Adelais (von Turin)" and their son Guigues II Comte d'Albon as co-heir of Adelaida Marchese di Susa in 1091.  The basis for this alleged first marriage has not been found but it is unlikely to be correct considering Adelaide's likely birth date. 

Rudolf & his second wife had six children: 

1.     ADELHEID von Wetterau ([1067/70]-3 May 1090, bur St Blasien).  Given her likely birth date, Adelheid must have been her parents' oldest child.  "Filia eorum Adilheida regina que nupsit regi Ungariorum" and "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" are named in a donation to Sankt-Blasien by charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086] which also names "cuius filius [Rodolfo et Adelheida] Bertholfus…dux frater regine nostre…cum fratre suo Ottone".  Her birth date is estimated from the estimated birth date range of her daughter Piroska.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "soror quoque præfati ducis [Berthaldus dux Alemanniæ, filius Roudolfi regis] regina Ungarorum" died in the same month and year as her brother.  Her marriage was arranged by King László as part of his policy of seeking papal support, at a time when her father was receiving papal support for his candidacy for the German throne.  The necrology of Seeon records the death "V Non May" of "Adelheit regina Ungariorum".  m (1077) LÁSZLÓ I King of Hungary, son of BÉLA I King of Hungary & his wife [Ryksa] of Poland (in Poland [1046/50]-Nitra 20 Jun 1095, bur Somogyvár, transferred 1192 to Nagyvárad Cathedral). 

2.     BERTHOLD von Wetterau (-18 May 1090, bur St Blasius).  He was appointed BERTHOLD I Duke of Swabia in 1079 in succession to his father, in opposition to Heinrich IV King of Germany who appointed Friedrich von Staufen to the Swabian duchy.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "Bertaldi ducis, filii regis Roudolfi" was besieged by supporters of King Heinrich in 1084.  The Annales Rosenveldenses records the death in 1090 of "Bertolfus dux filius Rudolfi".  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death in "1090…Maio mense" of "Bertholdus dux Alemanniæ, filius Roudolfi regis".  The necrology of Schaffhausen records the death "XV Kal Jun" of "Bertaldus dux Alemannia". 

3.     AGNES von Wetterau (-19 Dec 1111).  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "Berhtolfus de castro Zaringen" married "Radolfi filia" but does not name her.  The Annales of Berthold record the marriage in 1079 of "Berhtoldus marchio, ducis Berhtoldi filius, adolescens" and "Agnetem, Roudolfi regis filiam".  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Agnes filia regis Rudolfi Arulacensis" wife of "Berchtoldus", specifying that she was buried with her husband at St Peter in 1111.  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "XIV Kal Jan" of "Agnes uxor ducis Berchtoldi et filia Ruodolfi regis de Arle".  [Betrothed (1077, contract broken) to HERMANN Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen, son of HEINRICH "Furiosus" Pfalzgraf von Lothringen [Ezzonen] & his wife Mathilde of Lotharingia (-20 Sep 1085).  The Annales of Berthold name "Herimannus comes Palatinus, qui gener regis Roudolfi futurus erat" in 1077[769].  It is assumed that this passage indicates that Pfalzgraf Hermann was betrothed to one of the daughters of Rudolf von Rheinfelden, although no other reference to this fact has been found.  If this is correct, the daughter was presumably Agnes as Adelheid was already married in 1077.]  m (1079) BERTHOLD, son of BERTHOLD I [von Zähringen] Duke of Carinthia & his first wife Richwara of Swabia [Babenberg] ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter in Schwarzwald).  He was installed as BERTHOLD II Duke of Swabia in 1092 by Emperor Heinrich IV.  He renounced his claims to Swabia in favour of Friedrich I von Staufen, although he retained the title of Duke.  Herzog von Zähringen 1100. 

4.     BERTHA von Wetterau (-20 Jan after 1128, bur Mehrerau).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis".  Gräfin von Kellmunz.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Bertha relicta Oudalrici" and "filiorum suorum Roudolfi et Oudalrici" recording their donation after her husband died.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Bertha com".  m (before 1077) ULRICH [X] Graf von Bregenz, son of ULRICH [IX] Graf von Bregenz & his wife --- (-[28/29] Oct [1097], bur Mehrerau). 

5.     OTTO [IV] von Wetterau Graf of Rheinfelden (-1079 bur St Blasius).  "Filia eorum Adilheida regina que nupsit regi Ungariorum" and "progenitoribus Rodolfo…rege et Adelheida…regina matertera Heinrici quarti inperatoris" are named in a donation to Sankt-Blasien by charter dated [1079/10 Oct 1086] which also names "cuius filius [Rodolfo et Adelheida] Bertholfus…dux frater regine nostre…cum fratre suo Ottone".  OTTO von Wetterau of Rheinfelden & his wife had one child:

a)      RUDOLF [II] von Wetterau (1078 - 1130 bur Wettingen Abbey). [Graf im Wetterau 1090 - 1130], [Graf im Rheinfelden 1079 -1130]. Wettingen Abbey manuscripts dated 1150 states that a Rudolf Graf of Wetterau comes south to his cousins the von Tegerfeldens in hiding after the death of his uncle Berthold I Duke of Swabia in 1090. One must note the major change in families first names probably due to the truth of the facts that they were in hiding with the death of his grandfather Rudolf King of Germany 1079/80. And with the murder of his father that same year, and the change of power for the Duke of Swabia that was in opposition with another claimant. m unknown. RUDOLF Graf in Wetterau, Graf im Rheinfelden and his wife had two children:

i)       SIGMOND von Wetterau  (1100 Schloss Tegerfelden - 1151 bur Muir). Abbey records that Sigmond, son of Rudolf von Wetterau Graf im Wetterau, Graf im Rheinfelden, became one of the knights of Baldingen, who were employed by the Barons of Tegerfelden. Note by this time the family's title Graf of Wetterau was purely in name only for they had lost most of their land in that area. m Elizabeth.  Sigmond, Graf of Wetterau & wife had three children: 

a)     KONRAD [Kuno III] von Wetterau , Graf im Rheinfelden (?1140 - 1205 bur Wettingen Abbey, but not identiffied) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Abbey document states that a Graf Kuno, son of a Graf Sigmond, a Knight of Baldingen, was murdered while on watch at Baldingen's Tower in 1205. Graf of Wetterau 1151-1205, Graf of Rheinfelden 1151-1205. m (1180) believed to be daughter of a Graf of Toggenburg. Udalrich I von Wetterau & wife had two children:

1) LUTOLD [Luitold] von Wetterau (-1241 on crusade in Palastine)

2) MECHTILDS (1190/95 - 1259 bur Wettingen) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. m RUDOLF Graf im Ratperswill founder of the Abbey of Wettingen 1227. Name derived after his wife's family name. 

a)    ULRICH.

3) UDALRICH [ULRICH I]

ii)       HEDWIG (- 1131 bur unknown) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. m LUITOLD II Freiherr von Tegerfelden, son of WALTHER I von Tegerfelden.

see Swabian Nobility, Tegerfelden.

6.             BRUNO von Wetterau.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at Hirsau.  Abbot of Ussenhofen am Scheyern.

LUTOLD [Luitold] von Wetterau (- 1241), son of UDALRICH I von Wetterau, Graf of Wetterau, Graf of Rheinfelden, made Lord Protector over the Abbey of Wettingen by his brother in law Rudolf Graf im Ratperswill in 1230.We also find that Lutold distinguishes himself a grand knight for the Tegerfeldens and the Knights of Baldingen and is granted by the Lords of Baldingen to be Baron of Baldingen in 1239. Goes on crusade with the Lords of Baldingen in employment of the Tegerfeldens for the service of Albrecht Graf im Habsburg in 1240. Dies in the Bloody of the Craters in 1241 with all the Knights of Balidingen and Conrad Graf im Tegerfelden. m ---. Lutold von Wetterau & wife had three children:

a.      OTTO (ORTHO) [V] von Wetter (1220 - 27 March 1270 bur Wettingen) Shows up in St. Gallen manuscripts of 1244 as Graf von Wetterau, Rhienfelden and Vogt of Wettingen Abbey in donation to the Abbey in name of his father who died on crusade. m ---. Otto & wife had five children:

i)       WERNER von Rheinfelden von Wetter (1250 - 1309 bur unknown) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Graf im Wetterau, Graf im Rheinfelden and Lord of Baldingen. Shows up in many documents associated with the death of Albert I King of Germany in 1308. Though he did not take part in the actual killing it is said he was holding the horses of the four knights and John von Habsurg at the death scene of the king. He was hunted down by the king's son and executed like others family members in association with the death. m ---. Werner Graf im Wetterau & wife had two child:

1.     MECHTILDE von Rheinfelden von Wetter (1269 Bern - ) m (abt 1283 Bern) Ulrich II von Urlach, son of Ulrich I von Urlach.

2.     JOHANNUS [Johan] I von Wetter (1270 - 1325 bur unknown) Graf im Wetterau, Graf im Rheinfelden, Vogt of Wettingen. Johann was able to stay out of the controversy of his father's killing of Albert King of Germany but was still forced to go into hiding. On the death of his wife's brother, Conrad Graf im Tegerfelden in 1317 he merged the surname to become von Wetter-Tegerfelden. m ANNA, daughter of GERONG Graf im Tegerfelden. Johannus I von Wetter & wife had three children:

    - see Swabian Nobilty, Wetter-Tegerfelden.

ii.      GLIFMUND (abt 1268 Oberhessen, Hessen - ) m (abt 1285) Werner Friling, son of Heinrich Friling.

iii)      ANNA (1270 - unknown) The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. m Gotefridus Graf im Rordorf 

iv)     ADELHEID (unknown) The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. m Mangold von Eschenbach.

v)     BERTHA (unknown) The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. m Jakob von Wart.

b.     CUNR (unknown) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

c.     JAKOBUS (unknown) The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Abbot of Ballelay as JAKOBUS I 1256 -1268.

The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[215]

[EBERHARD (-[944]).  Third son of Eberhard (902/903), grandson of Udo (-879). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [Graf im Rheingau 927, Graf im Maienfeld 928.]  Graf im Nahegau: "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgowe in comitatu Eburhardi comitis in villa…Winteresheim" to Kloster St Alban near Mainz at the request of "Hattoni…comitis" by charter dated 29 May 937[216].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgouue in foresto Wasago…in comitatu…Eburharti" to the church at Worms at the request of "comitis…Eburharti" by charter dated 30 May 937[217].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in occidentali Francia…quondam Eburharti comitis" to Kloster Hersfeld by charter dated 27 Mar 948[218].  m ---.  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard & his wife had four children:

i)               [EBERHARD (-10 May 966).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Jackman discusses[219] the evidence for the affiliation of Eberhard Graf von Ladengau, his brothers and the descendants of the latter.  "Otto…rex" granted property "prædium quale Eburhardus comes in loco Ubitisheim in pago Logenahe" to the church of Limburg St Georg at the request of "Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 20 Apr 940[220].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in villa…Nesine in pago Loginahe in comitatu Eburhardi" to Mainz St Alban by charter dated 4 Apr 958[221].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Hessi in comitatu comitis…Bern in loco Uuestnetri" held by "Bruninc comes filiusque eius Amalunc" to "fideli nostro Retolt" at the request of "comitis Ebarhardi" by charter dated 16 Nov 958[222].  "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[223].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 966 of "comes Eberhardus" but does not give his parentage[224].  The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records the death in 966 of "Eberhardus comes"[225].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "966 VI Id Mai" of "Eburhart com"[226].  Graf im Nahegau und Lahngau: "Otto…imperator augustus" donated "monasterium puellarium Kescelenheim in pago et comitatu Meinefelt" and property "in pago Nahgeuue…Hagenenmunistar…in comitatu Emichonis comitis…et in pago Spirihgeuui in comitatu Gerungi comitis", all previously owned by "Cuonradus et Eberhardus…exheredes et inlegales sunt adiuciati…idem fratres", to churches in Magdeburg by two charters dated 24 Aug 966 and by charter dated 27 Aug 966[227].  It is possible that Konrad and Eberhard were members of the Konradiner family, and brothers (unless the term "fratres" is used in a broader sense), but there is no indication of the date of the original confiscation of the properties in question nor whether the two individuals were still alive at the time of the charters.  Conclusive identification of the two individuals is therefore not possible.] 

ii)             [KONRAD [Kuno] (-[986]).  Widukind names "Conradi…Evurhardi filii" as amicus of Duke Konrad in connection with a battle wound in 953[228], although it is not certain that the text refers to this Konrad.  "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[229].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "abbatiam Mosebach…in pago Wingarituueibon Cononis comitatu" to the church of Worms by charter dated 15 Nov 976[230].]  m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  The name of her supposed son Megingoz suggests a close family relationship with the family of Megingoz, Grafen im Wormsgau (see Chapter 6 in this document), assuming that his affiliation is correct as postulated below.  Graf Konrad & his wife had [two children]: 

(a)          [EBERHARD (-[29 Aug 975/18 Apr 980]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed rights in property "in pago Moiinegouwe in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" to the church of St Petrus at Aschaffenburg by charter dated 29 Aug 975[231].  Graf von Maingau.] 

(b)          [MEGINGOZ [Meingaud] (-[1010]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  His name of course suggests a close family relationship with the family of Megingoz, Grafen im Wormsgau (see Chapter 6 in this document).  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed rights in property "Ozenheim, Dettinga villis…in pago Moiinegouwes in comitatu Megengozi comitis" to the church of St Petrus at Aschaffenburg by charter dated 18 Apr 980[232].  "Otto…rex" confirmed rights to Salamann Abbot of Lorsch in "villa Wezinloch in comitatu Megingaudi filii Cunonis comitis" by charter dated 14 Jan 987[233].  Graf von Maingau und Ladengau.] 

-    see Swabian Nobility, Graf von Oltingen

iii)            [UDO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  This affiliation is assumed to be correct by Jackman, although no source is cited in support[234].  Graf von Maienfeld.  He was outlawed in 966.] 

iv)           [BURKHARD.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   This affiliation is assumed to be correct by Jackman, although no source is cited in support[235].] 

3.             GEBHARD (-killed in battle near Augsburg [22] Jun 910), second son of Udo (- 879).  Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "postmodum iussu Gebehardi decollatus est"[236]Regino names "Chuonradus senior [et] frater eius Gebehardus", specifying that Gebhard "in Weidereiba poterat"[237].  Duke of Lotharingia.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "…Kebehart dux regni quod a multis Hlotharii dicitur…"[238].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of Stift Kaiserswerth naming "Cuonrat…propinquus noster et abba cœnobii sancti Suithberti" at the request of "comitum…Cuonrati…et Gebeharti" by charter dated 3 Aug 904[239].  Graf im Wormsgau: "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of the church of Worms including "res in pago Wormazfelde in comitatu Kuonrati" which "comes Gebehartus" held, by charter dated 2 Sep 906[240].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange of properties between Kloster Fulda and Kloster Echternach after consulting "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Kebeharti, Liutpoldi, Burcharti, Eginonis, Liutfredi, Iringi et Cunpoldi" by charter dated 19 Mar 907[241].  Graf in der Wetterau 909: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "locum Salchinmunstere…in comitatu Gebehardi et in pago Wetereibia" by charter dated 13 Dec 909[242]Regino records the death of "Gebeardus comes" fighting the Hungarians[243].  m ---.  The identity of Gebhard's wife is not known with certainty.  Jackman highlights the Liber Memorialis of Remiremont which lists (in order) "Gebardi duci, Hidda, Riquinus, Christianus, Raginfridus".  He associates the first two with Duke Gebhard [Konradiner] & his wife, whom he therefore speculates was named HIDDA [Ida], and the last three with the family of Gebhard's wife[244].  Jackman speculates[245] that the wife of Duke Gebhard may have been a sister of Hermann Archbishop of Köln, and descended from Christian [I] Graf von Grabfeld, possibly the daughter of Christian [II] Graf im Grabfeld.  This series of suppositions provides support for his theory that Gebhard's grandson Otto was the same person as Otto Graf von Grabfeld.  Duke Gebhard & his wife had two children: 

a)             UDO ([895/900]-949).  Regino names "duobus filiis suis [=Gebeardus comes] …pueris Udone et Herimanno" when recording their father's death fighting the Hungarians in 910[246].  His birth date range is estimated from Regino thus describing him as "puer" on the death of his father, but bearing in mind the likely birth date range of his own son Gebhard.  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to the bishopric of Utrecht by charter dated 9 Jul 914 at the request of "Udonem consanguineum nostrum Vualdergerumque comitem"[247].  Liudprand names "Huto sane" as brother of "Herimanni Suevorum ducis"[248].  Graf in der Wetterau 914:  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Otonis in pago Wetereiba" to Weilburg church by charter dated 24 Apr 914[249].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed property to the bishopric of Utrecht at the request of "Udonem consanguineum nostrum Vualdgerumque comitum" by charter dated 9 Jul 914[250].  Graf in der Wetterau, Graf im Rheingau 917: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Rinicgouue in comitatu Utonis" to "capellano Werinolf" by charter dated 3 Nov 917[251].  Graf im Lahngau 918.  He founded St Maria at Wetzlar 914-915.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[252].   Graf im Rheingau 948: "Otto…rex" granted property "in villa Hemmingersbach…in pago Rinecgouue in comitatu Vdonis comitis…in pago Lobotengouue in comitatu Cunradi comitis" to "clerico Liuthere" by charter dated 28 Feb 948[253].  Thietmar records that "Udo" killed Eberhard[254], which is assumed to refer to Udo son of Gebhard, Eberhard being his first cousin.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 949 of "Uto comes"[255]Regino records the death in 950 of "Uto comes"[256].  m ([915]) [CUNIGUNDIS] de Vermandois, daughter of HERIBERT I Comte de Vermandois & his wife [Liedgardis] ([890/900][257]-after 943).  The Vermandois origin of Graf Udo's wife is suggested by the fact that Flodoard refers to the wife of "Uddone [frater Hermanno]" as amita of "Hugo [de Vermandois Archbishop of Reims]"[258].  The name of Graf Udo's wife is not given explicitly in the sources.  However, a "Cunegundis" is named in a name-list in the Reichenau memorial book dated [926/32] which appears to include members of the Konradiner family, Jackman suggesting that she is well placed in the list to be Graf Gebhard's wife[259], although this is not the only possible interpretation.  Udo & his wife had three children: 

i)               GEBHARD ([918/20]-killed in battle 938).  Widukind names "Gevehardus, Udonis filius, fratris Herimanni ducis" when recording his death while suppressing the rebellion of Thankmar[260].  His birth date range is estimated from the likely birth date range of his father and assuming that Gebhard was an adolescent or young adult when he died.

ii)             OTTO ([920/25]-).  The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[261].  It is not impossible that Otto was the same person as Udo's son Udo, although this text suggests that the two names were from different roots. 

iii)            UDO (-26 Aug 965).  Regino records the election as Bishop of Strasbourg in 950 of "Udo filius Udonis comitis"[262].  He was elected Bishop of Strasbourg 13 Aug 950. 

b)             HERMANN, son of GEBHARD Graf im oberen Rheingau [Wetterau] & his wife Hidda --- (-10 Dec 949, bur Reichenau Island).  Regino names "duobus filiis suis [=Gebeardus comes] …pueris Udone et Herimanno" when recording their father's death fighting the Hungarians in 910.  Graf 914-915.  He was installed in 926 as HERMANN I Duke of Swabia by Heinrich I King of Germany after the murder of Duke Burkhard II. "Otto…rex" granted property to Waldo Bishop of Chur at the request of "Herimanni…ducis Sueuorum" by charter dated 8 Apr 940.  "Otto…rex" granted property "locis Tiuoningovue et Tuzinhusa…in Alamannia" to Kloster Kempten at the request of "fratris nostri Brunonis et Herimanni ducis" by charter dated 18 Jan 943.  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis".  "Otto…rex" granted rights to Kloster St Gallen at the request of "Herimanni ducis Sueuorum" by charter dated 12 Jun 947.  "Otto…rex" granted property "in comitatu Herimanni ducis Rehzia" to "abbati nostro Hartberto" at the request of "filie nostre Ite…et Hermanni comitis" by charter dated 7 Apr 948.  "Otto…rex" granted property to the church of Cambrai at the request of "germani nostri Brunonis et Cuonradi ducis atque Herimanni ducis" by charter dated 30 Apr 948.  "Otto…rex" confirmed the possession of Abtei Süsteren by Kloster Prüm by charter dated 1 Jun 949, signed by "Cuonradus dux, Herimannus dux, Hezzo comes, Godefridus comes, Rudolfus comes, Reginherus comes".  Regino records the death "949 IV Id Dec" of "Herimannus dux".  The necrology of St Gall records the death "IV Id Dec" of "Herimanni ducis Alamannorum".  The year is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Jan 950 under which "Otto…rex" confirmed a donation by "Liutolfo nostro filio eiusque…coniuge Ita" to Kloster Reichenau for the soul of "ducis nostri beate memorie Herimanni". 

m (926) as her second husband, REGINLIND, widow of BURKHARD II Duke of Swabia, daughter of [EBERHARD II Graf im Zürichgau] & his wife Gisela --- (-Ufenau Island 958 after 29 Apr).  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Gisle…socrui Purchardi iunioris" donated all her property to St Peter's in 911.  Regino records that "viduam Burchardi" married "Herimanno".  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records in Aug the donation of "Stevegeia, Kaltbrunnen et Lindowa" by "domina Regelinda cum filio suo Burcardo duce".  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952.  "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Engrisgouue in comitatu Uualtbrahtti in loco…Uuidhergis" to "matrone fidelique nostre Reginlind" at the request of "Burghardi ducis" by charter dated 29 Apr 958. 

Duke Hermann & his wife had one child: 

1.       IDA (-17 May 986).  Widukind names "ducis Herimanni filiam Idam" as wife of Liudolf.  Regino records the marriage of "filiam Herimanni ducis" and "Liutolfus filius regis" in 947.  "Otto…rex" confirmed a donation by "Liutolfo nostro filio eiusque…coniuge Ita" to Kloster Reichenau for the soul of "ducis nostri beate memorie Herimanni" by charter dated 1 Jan 950.  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records in May the donation of "Siernza" by "domina Ita…uxor Luitolfi ducis".  m ([27 Oct 947/7 Apr 948]) LIUDOLF [of Saxony], son of OTTO I "dem Großen" King of Germany & his first wife Eadgyth of Wessex (930-Piomba 6 Sep 957, bur St Alban, near Mainz).  His father installed him as LIUDOLF Duke of Swabia in 950, in succession to his father-in-law.  He was deposed in 954. 

(-10 Dec 949, bur Reichenau Island).  Regino names "duobus filiis suis [=Gebeardus comes] …pueris Udone et Herimanno" when recording their father's death fighting the Hungarians in 910[263].  Graf 914-915.  He was installed in 926 as HERMANN I Duke of Swabia by Heinrich I King of Germany after the murder of Duke Burkhard II[264]

-        DUKES of SWABIA. 

4.             RUDOLF (-killed in battle in Thuringia 3 Aug 908), fourth son of Udo (- 879).  Regino names "Ruodolfus…frater Chuonradi et Gebehardi comitem" when recording his appointment as Bishop of Würzburg in 892[265]Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[266]Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres"[267]Regino records that in 903 "Adalbertus Rodulfum episcopum Wiziburgensis ecclesia fugat"[268].  Bishop of Würzburg 892/908.  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Burchardus dux Toringorum et Ruodolfus episcopu Eginoque" were killed in battle by the Hungarians in 908[269]

Four children, brothers and sister of Konrad [Kurzbold]( - 948), son of Eberhard (903):

1.             JUDITH ([925/30]-16 Oct [973], bur Heslinge), daughter of [KONRAD [Kurzbold] (- 948)].  "Iuditham sororem Udonis ducis qui postmodum in Calabria sub Ottone Rufo cum multis occubuit" is named by the Annalista Saxo, which specifies that Judith had three sons "Heinricum, Udonem et Sigefridum" and three daughters (unnamed), constructed the castle "qui Herseveld dicitur" and was buried with her husband (unnamed) at Heslinge[270].  Her birth date range is estimated from her giving birth to her eldest son in [946].  m ([946]) as his first wife, HEINRICH von Stade Graf im Heilangau, son of LOTHAR II Graf von Stade & his wife Swanehild --- (-11 May 976, bur Kloster Heeringen).

2.             UDO (-killed in battle Cotrone, in Calabria 14 Jul 982), son of [KONRAD [Kurzbold] (- 948)].  "Iuditham sororem Udonis ducis qui postmodum in Calabria sub Ottone Rufo cum multis occubuit" is named by the Annalista Saxo[271].  "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[272].  Graf im der Wetterau. He was killed fighting in Emperor Otto II's army against the Saracens[273].  Thietmar records the death of "Udo comes…matris meæ avunculus" in battle in Calabria 13 Jul[274], Thietmar's mother being the daughter of Udo's sister Judith.  The Annales Einsidlenses record that "Uto et Guntharius duces…Berehtaldus comes" were killed fighting the Sarracens in Sicily in 982[275].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 982 of "Uto dux"[276]

3.             KONRAD  (-20 Aug 997), son of [KONRAD [Kurzbold] (- 948)]The question of the paternity of Duke Konrad is discussed in the document FRANCONIA.  Thietmar names "Conradus Suevorum ductor…eiusdem frater Heribertus comes" when recording their deaths.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde, filiorumque eius Eggeberti, Luipoldi, Chononis, Lutoldi", although as shown below this list of the couple's sons appears unreliable.  The Chronicon Salernitanum records that "comes Alemannorum Saxonumque…Cono…Cuneus alius validus…missus" fought against the Greeks in southern Italy in [969].  Jackman suggests that this refers to the future Konrad I Duke of Swabia, on the basis that "Saxonumque" is added because of his supposed wife's Saxon origin, in addition using this reference to date the couple's marriage.  He succeeded in 983 as KONRAD I Duke of Swabia.  Graf im der Wetterau, Graf im Rheingau 985 and 995.  Graf im Ufgau 987.  Graf in der Ortenau 994.  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 997 of "Chuonradus dux" and the succession of "Herimannus filius eius in ducatum".  The necrology of St Gall records the death "XIII Kal Sep" of "Chuonradi ducis Alamannorum". 

m ([968]) RICHLIND, daughter of [Emperor OTTO I King of Germany & his second wife Adelais of Burgundy] (-[after 1 Nov 1007]).  The Historia Welforum names "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint" as wife of "Couno comes".  Jackson identifies her as daughter of Liudolf [of Saxony] Duke of Swabia, son of Emperor Otto I, but the question is not without controversy.  In view of the clear statement in the Historia Welforum and the spurious charter, it has been decided to show her here as the child of Emperor Otto I despite the unreliability of these sources, but in square brackets to indicate doubt. "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde…".  As discussed below in relation to the supposed children of this couple, there are considerable doubts about the accuracy of information contained in this charter.  The date should not therefore be accepted automatically as the basis for estimating the date of the couple's marriage.  She may be "domna Rilint" from whom "Heinricus…rex" acquired property "in Halla in pago Salzburcgouui in comitatu Thiemonis comitis", which he donated to the bishopric of Bamberg by charter dated 1 Nov 1007. 

Duke Konrad & his wife had [nine] children: 

1.             [EKBERT .  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde, filiorumque eius Eggeberti, Luipoldi, Chononis, Lutoldi".  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "Egebertum marchionem de Stadin, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Chunonem et 4 filias" as children of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris".  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Eggebertum, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Counonem" as the four sons of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that Ekbert obtained "marchiam illam que est in finibus Saxonie versus Danos, Stadin".  Presumably these three documents are all based on the same source.  No other reference has been identified to "marchiam…Stadin".  No record has been found of a Graf von Stade named Egbert.  It is possible that there is confusion with Ekbert [I] "der Einäugige", count in Saxony, who was probably the son of Wichmann [I] (see SAXONY).]

2.             [LUITPOLD .  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde, filiorumque eius Eggeberti, Luipoldi, Chononis, Lutoldi".  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "Egebertum marchionem de Stadin, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Chunonem et 4 filias" as children of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris".  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Eggebertum, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Counonem" as the four sons of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint".  Presumably these three documents are all based on the same source.  The doubts concerning the information contained therein relating to the supposed son named Ekbert do not inspire confidence in the accuracy of anything relating to Luitpold, Liutold and Konrad.

3.             [LIUTOLD (-after 999).  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "Egebertum marchionem de Stadin, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Chunonem et 4 filias" as children of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris".  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Eggebertum, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Counonem" as the four sons of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that Ekbert obtained "marchiam illam que est in finibus Saxonie versus Danos, Stadin".  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde, filiorumque eius Eggeberti, Luipoldi, Chononis, Lutoldi".  Presumably these three documents are all based on the same source.  The doubts concerning the information contained therein relating to the supposed son named Ekbert do not inspire confidence in the accuracy of anything relating to Luitpold, Liutold and Konrad.]  same person as …?  LIUTOLD (-before 1044).  The co-identity of Liutold son of Duke Konrad and Liutold Comte de Montbéliard is reconstructed by Hlawitschka, but this assumes that the son of Duke Konrad of this name existed in the first place.  Comte de Montbéliard. 

-        GRAFEN im SUNDGAU. 

4.             [KONRAD .  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property by the spurious charter dated 13 Jan 965 to the church of Oehningen, built according to the document by "domnus Chono comes de Oningen" with the consent of "uxoris sui Richlinde, filiorumque eius Eggeberti, Luipoldi, Chononis, Lutoldi", although as shown below this list of the couple's sons is inconsistent with other sources.  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "Egebertum marchionem de Stadin, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Chunonem et 4 filias" as children of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris".  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Eggebertum, Leopaldum, Liutoldum, Counonem" as the four sons of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint".  Presumably these three documents are all based on the same source.  The doubts concerning the information contained therein relating to the supposed son named Ekbert do not inspire confidence in the accuracy of anything relating to Luitpold, Liutold and Konrad.]

5.             HERMANN (-2/3 May 1003).  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 997 of "Chuonradus dux" and the succession of "Herimannus filius eius in ducatum".  The Annalista Saxo (apparently incorrectly) records "Herimannum ducem" as son of "Udonis ducis, qui aput Calabriam cum multis occubuit, quando imperator Otto secundus contra Sarracenos pugnavit".  The confusion may be due to Thietmar describing Duke Hermann as "matris meæ avunculi filius", without specifying which "avunculus" to whom this refers.  He was installed in 997 as HERMANN II Duke of Swabia, Graf im der Wetterau.  A majority of south-western magnates supported Duke Hermann's candidacy for the imperial throne in 1002 after the death of Emperor Otto III, but acknowledged the accession of Heinrich Duke of Bavaria as king of Germany in Oct 1002.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1003 IV Non Mai" of "Herman dux".  m ([986]) as her second husband, GERBERGA of Burgundy, widow of HERMANN Graf von Werl, daughter of CONRAD I "le Pacifique" King of Burgundy [Welf] & his second wife Mathilde de France [Carolingian] (-7 Jul 1018).  Herimannus names "filiam Counradi regis Burgundiæ, Gerbirgam" as wife of "Herimannus dux".  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rodulfum II et sororem suam Gepam matrem imperatricis Gisile" as children of "Conradus rex Burgundie" and his wife Mathilde.  Wipo names "Herimannus dux Alamanniæ [et] Kerbirga filia Chuonradi regis de Burgundia" as the parents of "regis coniunx Gisela".  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in villa Stohchusen in pago Locdorp ac comitatu Herimanni comitis" to Kloster Meschede by charter dated 29 Sep 997 by request of "Gerbirge comitisse".  The necrology of Marchtalen records the death "Non Jul" of "Gerbirc ducissa".  No direct record of her first marriage has so far been identified.  However, "Otto tercius…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted privileges to Kloster Oedingen founded by "matrona Gerberga…in comitatu Herimanni eius filii" to the monks of the Marienkapelle at Aachen by charter dated 18 May 1000, and Thietmar names "Count Hermann son of Gerberga" when recording his dispute with Dietrich Bishop of Münster in 1016.  These two references relate to Hermann [II] Graf von Werl.  In addition, "Rodulfus et Bernhardus nati in…Werla" are named as brothers of Empress Gisela in the Annalista Saxo, although not specifying that they were her uterine brothers.  Duke Hermann II & his wife had five children: 

a)             MATHILDE ([988]-20 Jul [1031/32]), bur Worms Cathedral).  Thietmar refers to "Konrad" as son-in-law of Hermann Duke of Swabia, recording that they attacked Strasbourg together after the election of Heinrich II King of Germany in 1002.  Wipo names "Mahthilda de filia Chuonradi regis Burgundiæ" as mother of "iunioris Chuononis".  The Alberti Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus names "comitissam Beatricam…de Gallia…filia comitis Frederic, mater…domina Matilda", but does not give the origin of Mathilde.  The Annalista Saxo names "Machtildis" as sister of Gisela, wife of Emperor Konrad II, and also names her third husband.  The primary source which records her second marriage has not so far been identified.  However, the Chronicon Sancti Michælis, monasterii in pago Virdunensi names "duabus puellulis Sophia et Beatrice" as daughters of the son of "duce Theodorico", specifying that the empress was their amita and that she adopted them after their father died.  She attended the Easter celebrations at Ingelheim in 1030.  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Jul of "Mechthild soror imperatricis Gislæ".  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034.  m firstly ([1002]) KONRAD, son of OTTO Duke of Carinthia, Graf im Nahe-, Speier-, und Wormsgau [Salier] & his wife Judith --- (-[12/15] Dec 1011).  m secondly ([1016]) FREDERIC of Upper Lotharingia, son of THIERRY I Duke of Upper Lotharingia [Wigeriche] & his wife Richilde [von Bliesgau] ([997/99]-17/18 May 1026).  He was titled Duke during the lifetime of his father, sometimes referred to as FREDERIC II Duke of Upper Lotharingiam thirdly ESIKO Graf im Schwabengau, son of ADALBERT von Ballenstedt & his wife Hidda von der Nordmark (-[1059/60]). 

b)             GISELA (11 Nov 990-Goslar 16 Feb 1043, bur Speyer Cathedral).  Herimannus names "sororis suæ [=Herimannus iunior dux Alamanniæ defunctus" as wife of Ernst when recording the latter's succession as Duke of Swabia in 1012.  Wipo names "Herimannus dux Alamanniæ [et] Kerbirga filia Chuonradi regis de Burgundia" as the parents of "regis coniunx Gisela".  The Notæ Sancti Blasii name her "Gisla de Werle" when recording her three marriages.  The Annalista Saxo names her three husbands, although the order of her first and second marriages is interchanged which appears impossible chronologically.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1043 XVI Kal Mar" of "Gisela imp".  Herimannus records her death at Goslar.  The Annales Spirenses record the burial at Speyer of "Heinricus senior [=Heinricus IV] et aviam suam", the latter assumed to be Gisela his paternal grandmother rather than his maternal grandmother.  m firstly ([1003/05]) BRUNO [I] Graf [von Braunschweig], son of EKBERT & his wife --- (-murdered [1010/11]).  m secondly ([1012]) ERNST Duke of Swabia, son of LUITPOLD I Markgraf der bayerischen Ostmark [Babenberg-Austria] & his wife Richwara --- (-31 Mar 1015, bur Würzburg).  m thirdly (before Jan 1017) KONRAD Herzog von Franken, son of HEINRICH Graf im Wormsgau [Salier] & his wife Adelheid of Metz [Matfriede] ([990]-Utrecht 4 Jun 1039, bur Speyer cathedral).  He was elected KONRAD II King of Germany 4 Sep 1024, crowned at Mainz 8 Sep 1024.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan Mar 1026.  Crowned Emperor at Rome 26 Mar 1027. 

c)             BERCHTOLD (early 992-early 993, bur Marchtal).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

d)             BEATRIX (-23 Feb after 1125).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ADALBERO Duke of Carinthia, son of MARKWART III Markgraf der Kärtner Mark [Eppenstein] & his wife Hadamudis von Ebersberg (-28 Nov 1039).

e)             HERMANN (before Oct 995-1 Apr 1012).  Herimannus names "filius eius [=Herimannus dux Alamanniæ] Herimannus puer" when recording his succession as Duke of Swabia.  He succeeded his father in 1003 as HERMANN III Duke of Swabia, Graf im der Wetterau,.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1012 of "Heriman dux".  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Apr of "dominus Hermannus dux adolescentulus filius Hermanni ducis".  The necrology of Marchtalen records the death "Kal Apr" of "Hermannus dux iunior". 

6.             [ITA von Öhningen (-16 Oct ----).  The Genealogia Welforum names "de Oningen Itam…cuius pater fuit Chuno comes, mater vero filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris" wife of Rudolf.  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon".  As noted above, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  Her birth date is estimated assuming that her parents married in [968].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "XVII Kal Nov" of "Ita com uxor Ruodolfi comitis".  m RUDOLF II Graf von Altdorf, son of [RUDOLF I Graf] [Welf] & his wife --- (-10 Mar ----, bur Altdorf).]  

7.             [ADELIA] .  The Genealogia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris", specifying that the third (unnamed) married "regi Rugorum"[155].  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon"[156].  As noted above, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m (after 1011) as his third wife, VLADIMIR I Sviatoslavich Grand Prince of Kiev, son of SVIATOSLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev & his mistress Malusha [Malfred] ([960]-Berestov 15 Jul 1015).]

8.            JUTTA [JUDITH] (-after 1032, bur Bouzonville/Buzendorf).  The Genealogia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris", specifying that the second (unnamed) married "cuidam de Rinvelden parenti Zaringorum".  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon".  As noted above, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "Adalbertus comes marchio et uxor sua Iuditha" as parents of Gerhard, noting that they were both buried in the monastery and in a later passage noting their joint donation dated "1033 pridie Kal Feb".  "Iuta marchionissa Litoringie" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 1030.  m firstly Konrad [Kuno II] von Rheinfelden, son of Konrad [Kuno I] von Wetterau of Rheinfeldenm secondly ADALBERT Graf von Metz, son of [RICHARD Graf von Metz/GERHARD Graf von Metz] [Matfriede] & his wife --- (-[31 Jan/30 Jun] 1033).]

9.             [KUNIGUNDE [Kunizza] (-6 Mar 1020, bur Diessen).  The Genealogia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Chuno comes [et] filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris", specifying that the fourth (unnamed) married "comite de Andhese".  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon".  As noted above, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses names "Kunizza comitissa" as wife of "Fridericus comes dictus Roch", but specifying that she was the sister of "sancta Richgardis que Ebersberg cenobium construxit" and that "Otto imperator magnus" was their "avus".  On the other hand, the Chronico Eberspergense names "Rihcardem sororem Marhwardi presidis de Carinthia".  No other indication has been found that Richardis may have been the sister of Kunigunde.  The De Fundatoribus records that Kunizza founded "monasterium sancti Stephani" in 1020 after the death of her husband.  The necrology of Diessen records the death "Mar Non" of "Chuniza com, sepulta in media basilica s Stephani, uxor Friderici comes Rochen".  m FRIEDRICH I Graf [von Diessen], son of --- (-Jerusalem before 1020, bur Jerusalem).]

von Öhningen [Oltingen] (-20 Aug 997).  Thietmar names "Conradus Suevorum ductor…eiusdem frater Heribertus comes" when recording their deaths[277].  As explained under Heribert (see below), the same source indicates in other passages that Heribert was probably the brother of Judith.  He succeeded in 983 as KONRAD Duke of Swabia, Graf im der Wetterau.  Graf im Rheingau 985 and 995.  Graf im Ufgau 987.  Graf in der Ortenau 994. 

-        DUKES of SWABIA. 

4.             HERIBERT (-992), son of [KONRAD [Kurzbold] (- 948)].  Thietmar names "Conradus Suevorum ductor…eiusdem frater Heribertus comes" when recording their deaths[278].  The fact that the two brothers must have also been brothers of Udo and Judith is demonstrated by Thietmar referring to "nepos meus Oddo et uxor eius Irmirgerd…" in 1018[279], and recording the death of "Gevehardus, Heriberti comitis filius, nepos meus" in 1016[280], both Otto and Gebhard being recorded elsewhere as the sons of Heribert.  Pfalzgraf in 959.  Heinrich Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the church at Humbach at the request of "ducis Herimanni…Cuonradi comitis" by charter dated 959, witnessed by "…Hernbertes comes palatinus…"[281].  Graf im Kinziggau 976.  "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago et in comitatu Nachgouue…Vuormacensis et …Spirensi" held "until now [hactenus]" by "Heribertus comes" to Kloster St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 29 May 992[282].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 992 of "Heribraht com"[283]m IMIZA [Irmintrudis], daughter of MEGINGOZ Graf & his wife Gerberge [Matfriede] ([950/60]-).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Irminthrudis was grandmother of "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[284].  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth date of her mother.  Heribert & his wife had four children: 

a)             OTTO von Hammerstein (-[5 Jun] 1036).  Thietmar names "Heriberti comitis filio Ottone" when recording that he was among those sent by Heinrich II King of Germany to Lombardy after his election to quell unrest[285].  The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[286].  Graf in der Wetterau 1016.  Graf im Engersgau 1019.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1036 of "Otto com"[287]m IRMGARD, daughter of GODEFROI Comte de Verdun & his wife Mathilde of Saxony [Billung] ([970/85]-[5 Feb 1041/5 Jan 1043]).  Thietmar records the excommunication of "nepos meus Oddo et uxor eius Irmirgerd, consanguinitate proxima iniuste diu coniuncti" in 1018, providing no details of the relationship between the two, and in a later passage their separation[288].  It is unlikely that Irmgard could have been born later than [985] in light of the known birth date of her mother in [942].  The validity of her marriage was challenged by the church on grounds of consanguinity, the dispute continuing for ten years before the marriage was finally accepted[289].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in villis Harive, Vals, Apine, Falchenberch…in pago Livgowe et in comitatu Dietbaldi comitis" to "Irmingardæ nepti nostræ" by charter dated 5 Feb 1041, on the petition of "ducum Gozelonis filiique sui Gotefridi"[290].  "Heinricus…rex" restituted property to Kloster Hersfeld "post obitum Hirmingarde comitissæ" which Emperor Konrad II had granted to Graf Otto, by charter dated 5 Jan 1043[291].  Otto & his wife had one child: 

i)               UDO (-1034).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1034 of "Hutho com"[292]

b)             GEBHARD (-8 Nov 1016).  Thietmar records the death of "Gevehardus, Heriberti comitis filius, nepos meus" in 1016[293]

c)             daughter (-after 985).  The parentage of the wife of Graf Friedrich is suggested by the Vita Adelheidis which names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adelheid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Irminthrudis was grandmother of "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[294], although the primary source which confirms the name of her father has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Gleiberg.  m FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau, son of SIEGFRIED Comte [de Luxembourg] & his wife Hedwig --- (-6 Oct 1019).

d)             GERBERGA ([975/80]-after 1036).  Thietmar names "Ottone germano sui", referring to Gerberga wife of Heinrich von Schweinfurt, whose captivity is recorded in the preceding paragraph, an earlier paragraph referring to "Heriberti comitis filio Ottone" which appears to refer to the same Otto[295].  An alternative possibility is that Gerberga was the daughter of Otto Graf von Grabfeld (see below), the solution chosen by Europäische Stammtafeln[296], but this assumes that the two references to "Otto" in Thietmar were to different individuals.  It is also less likely chronologically as it would appear that Otto Graf von Grabfeld was several decades older than Otto Graf von Hammerstein.  Her birth date range is estimated on the basis of her daughter Eilika having given birth to her first child in [1020].  Thietmar states that Gerberga and her children were guarded by her husband's brother Bukko during their rebellion against Heinrich II King of Germany in 1003[297]m (before 1003) HEINRICH von Schweinfurt Graf im Nordgau, son of Graf BERNHARD & his wife Eilika von Walbeck ([970/75][298]-18 Sep 1017, bur Schweinfurt).

 

1.             KUNO IIm JUTTA [JUDITH], daughter of KONRAD I Duke of Swabia.  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenburg in memory of their daughter Uda[299]

a)             UDA .  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenburg in memory of their daughter Uda[300]

 

 

Chapter 5.    ROTBERTINER (GRAFEN im WORMSGAU)

ROBERT [I], son of LAMBERT [II] comes in Neustria and Austrasia & his wife --- ([700/10]-before 764).  The third continuator of the Gesta Abbatum Trudonensium names "Robertus comes vel dux Hasbanie" in 715, and quotes a charter dated 7 Apr 742 under which "Robertus comes, filius condam Lamberti" donated property "in villa…Sarcinio…in pago Hasbaniensi…[et] Halon, Scaffnis, Felepa et Marholt" to St Trudon[301].  Comes palatinus 741/42.  Graf im Oberrheingau und Wormsgau [750]. 

m ([730]) WILLISWINDA, daughter of ADALHELM Grundherr im Wormsgau & his wife --- (-[12 Jul 764/776]).  "Heimericus" names "Williswinda avia ipsius Heimericus" in an undated charter relating to a donation to Kloster Lorsch[302].  "Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[303].  The primary source which confirms her parentage, and that her husband was named Robert, has not yet been identified.  

Robert [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.             CANCOR (-771).  Graf im Oberrheingau [Thürgau] 745.  Graf im Zürichgau 775/78.  Cofounder of Lorsch 764.  The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation dated "764 IV Id Iul" in Hagenheim by "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor comes"[304].  The Annalium Laureshamensium record the death in 771 of "Cancor"[305].  m ANGILA, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation of "villa Bisistat" dated 1 Jun 770 by "comitis Cancronis et uxoris eius Angila"[306].  Cancor & his wife had five children: 

a)             HEIMRICH [Heimo] (-killed in battle Lüne an der Elbe 5 May 795).  The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Heimerici filii Cancronis" as one of the signatories of the donation dated "764 IV Id Iul" by "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor comes", and records a donation dated 776 by "Heimericus comes filius Cancronis" in which it is specified that both his father and grandmother were dead[307].  "Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[308].  Co-founder of Lorsch 764.  Graf im Oberrheingau 772/782.  Graf im Lahngau 778.  "Heimiricus comes filius domne nostre Wiilisuuinde" witnessed an enquiry into property "in villa…Sueinheim" by charter dated 6 Jun 782[309], although Heimrich was the grandson, not the son, of Williswinda if the information in other the charters is accurate.  Abbot of Mosbach 784.  m ---.  The name of Heimrich's wife is not known.  Heimrich & his wife had two children: 

i)               ROBERT [Ruodbert] (-[805]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m ---.  The name of Robert's wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

(a)          CANCOR .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  812.

(b)          ROBERT [Ruodbert] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Saal-, Oberrhein- und Wormsgau 817[310].

ii)             HEINRICH (-after 812).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf. 

-         see Die "alten" BABENBERGER

b)             HRUODGANG (-after [772]).  "Heimericus" names "germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo" in an undated charter relating to a donation to Kloster Lorsch[311].  "Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[312].  Archbishop, although his archbishopric has not yet been traced. 

c)             ERMBERT (-803).  The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation "in Dinenheim et Sunnincheim" dated "792 prid Kal Nov" by "Rachildis…pro remedio animæ…et germani mei Heimrici atque Ermberti episcopi"[313].  Bishop of Worms 770. 

d)             RACHILT (-after 1 Nov 792).  776.  The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation "in Dinenheim et Sunnincheim" dated "792 prid Kal Nov" by "Rachildis…pro remedio animæ…et germani mei Heimrici atque Ermberti episcopi"[314].  Nun at Lorsch. 

e)             EUPHEMIA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  776.  Nun at Lorsch. 

2.             [ANSELM (-Ronceveaux 778).  Europäische Stammtafeln[315] shows Anselm (-killed in battle Spain [780/90]), comes palatii, as the son of Robert [I] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" granted the monastery of Plaisir to Folrad abbot of Saint-Denis by charter dated 28 Jul 775 which name "fidelibus…Ghaerardo, Bernardo, Radulfo, Hilderado, Ermenaldo, Hebroino, Theudbaldo, Agneone comitibus, Haltberto, Laumberto, Haererico et Anselmo comite palatio nostro"[316].  "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" gave a judgment by charter dated to [Dec 775] which names "fidelibus…Widrigo, Odrigo, Theodrico, Bernehardo, Albuino, Aginhardo, Berngario comitibus et Anshelmo comite palacii nostri"[317].  Einhard records that "Eggihardus regiæ mensæ præpositus, Anselmus comes palatii et Hruodlaudus Brittanici limitis præfectus" were killed in Spain, dated from the context to the 780s[318].] 

3.             ROBERT (-after 786).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Saint-Germain-des-Fosses.

4.             THURINGBERT (-Jun 770 or after).  The Chronicon Laureshamense records "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis" as signatory of the donation dated 1 Jun 770 by "comitis Cancronis et uxoris eius Angila"[319].  "Turincbertus" donated property to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Nov 767 subscribed by "Heimerici comitis"[320].  Grundherr im Rheingau und Wormsgau.  "Turincbertus et filius meus Rotbertus" donated property "in pago Rinensi in villa…Birstat" to Lorsch by charter dated Jun 770[321].  m ---.  The name of Thuringbert's wife is not known.  Thuringbert & his wife had one child:

a)             ROBERT [II] (-12 Jul 807).  "Turincbertus et filius meus Rotbertus" donated property "in pago Rinensi in villa…Birstat" to Lorsch by charter dated Jun 770[322].  Graf im Wormsgau und Oberrheingau 795/807.  Herr zu Dienheim 795.  [same person as…?  RADBERT (-807).  Einhard records that "Radbertus missus imperatoris" died in 807 after returning from the Orient[323].  It is possible that "Radbertus" refers to "Rodbertus".]  m firstly THEODERATA, daughter of --- (-before 789).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly ISENGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  789.  Robert [II] & his first wife had one child: 

i)               ROBERT [III] (-before 19 Feb 834).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ROBERT [III], son of [ROBERT [II] & his first wife Theoderata ---] (-before 19 Feb 834).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a judgment by charter dated 8 Mar 812 which names "fidelibus nostri: Gerulfus, Guntlandus, Hedo, Armannus, Hamricus, Sicardus, Rotbertus comitibus…Amalricus comiti palatii nostro"[324].  Graf im Wormsgau.  The Commemoratio Missis Data dated 825 [before Nov] names "…in Mogontia…Heistulfus episcopus et Ruodbertus comes…"[325]

m ([808]) WILTRUD, daughter of ADRIANUS & his wife Waldrat.  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[326].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

Robert [III] & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.             GUNTRAM (-837 or after).  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[327].  The document implies, but does not specifically state, that Guntram was the couple's son.  Graf im Wormsgau.  837. 

2.             ROBERT [Rodbert] .  Named for the first time in Germany in 836, "son of the late Rodbert Graf von Wormsgau", as the donor of property at Mettenheim[328], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. 

same person as…?  ROBERT "le Fort" ([815/20]-killed in battle Brissarthe 2 Jul 866).  No definite proof has so far been identified of the co-identity of Robert "le Fort" with the son of Robert Graf im Wormsgau.  However, Regino provides possible indications of the ancestry of Robert "le Fort" in two passages, although they are not precise enough to exclude the possibility that they refer to relatives of Robert's wife.  Firstly, he names "Megingaudus comes, nepos supradicti Odonis regis [son of Robert]" when recording his death in 892.  Secondly, he names "Waltgerius comes, nepos Odonis regis, filius scilicet avunculi eius Adalhelmi in Aquitanien" when recording his battle against "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio " in Jul 892[329].  Robert was named as lay abbot of Marmoutier in 852[330].  He rebelled against King Charles II in 858.  Robert submitted to the king's authority again in 863, when he was given command of the march of Neustria which had been confiscated from the Rorgonid family for supporting the revolt of Louis (later King Louis II) against his father[331].  He was also granted possession of the counties of Anjou, Blois, Tours and (in name only) Autun.  Robert was killed by a band of Vikings in front of the church of Brissarthe[332].  The Adonis Continuatio records that "Robertus quoque atque Ramnulfus…inter primos ipsi priores" were killed by the Vikings in 866[333].    

-        KINGS of FRANCE. 

3.             [ODA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m WALACHO [Werner] [IV] Graf im Wormsgau, son of --- (-before 891).] 

4.             [ADALELM [I] (-after 6 Mar 870).  Regino names "Waltgerius comes, nepos Odonis regis, filius scilicet avunculi eius Adalhelmi in Aquitanien" when recording his battle against "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio " in Jul 892[334].  The primary source which confirms that Adalelm [I] was the son of Robert [III] has not yet been identified.  If "avunculus" is used in its strict sense in this text, it is possible that Adalelm [I] was a maternal relative of Eudes King of France rather than the brother of Eudes's father.  An agreement dated 6 Mar 870 between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks names "Ingelramnus comes" as representative of the former and, as present, "Adalelmus comes, Ingelramnus comes, Liutfridus comes, Theodericus comes, item Adalelmus comes"[335].]  m ---.  The name of Adalelm's wife is not known.  Adalelm [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)             [ADALELM [II] (-killed in battle Paris 886).  An agreement dated 6 Mar 870 between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks names "Ingelramnus comes" as representative of the former and, as present, "Adalelmus comes, Ingelramnus comes, Liutfridus comes, Theodericus comes, item Adalelmus comes"[336].  An agreement dated 14 Jun 877 of Emperor Charles II "le Chauve", presumably written with his own death in mind, names "…ex comitibus aut Tedericus, aut Balduinus, sive Chuonradus, seu Adalelmus" as those willing to support the emperor's son[337].  Abbo's Bella Parisiciæ Urbis records the death of "Rotberto…nepos eius…Adalelmus" at the siege of Paris in 886[338].  The parentage of Adalhelm [II] is not known, but the passage in Abbo indicates his (imprecise) family relationship with the future Robert I King of France, and his name suggests that he may have been the son of Adalhelm [I].] 

b)             WALTGERIUS (-after Jul 892).  Regino names "Waltgerius comes, nepos Odonis regis, filius scilicet avunculi eius Adalhelmi in Aquitanien" when recording his battle against "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio " in Jul 892[339]

5.             [daughter.  The origin of the wife of Megingoz [I] is not known with certainty.  She may have been the daughter of Robert [III] Graf im Wormsgau & his wife Wiltrud ---, as indicated by the charter dated 876 under which Graf Megingoz, with his nepos Odo, donated property at Mattenheim.  Settipani identifies Odo with the future Eudes King of France[340], suggesting that either Megingoz [I] himself or his wife was closely related to the Rotbertiner family.  This hypothesis appears corroborated by Megingoz [II], probable son of Megingoz [I], being described as nepos of King Eudes in 892 by Regino[341].  Jackman suggests that the wife of Megingoz [I] was named ROTLIND, whose name is closely associated with the family in the Memorial book of Remiremont[342].  However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote that "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.  m MEGINGOZ [I] Graf im Wormsgau, son of [ADALBERT & his wife ] (-after  876).  However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote than "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.]

6.             [WILDRUT .  Jackman suggests that the wife of Aledram [I] Comte de Troyes was the daughter of Robert [III], the name Wildrut appearing in a Reichenau memorial book[343]m ALEDRAM [I] Comte [de Troyes], son of ---.] 

7.             [EUDES (-1 Aug 871).  According to Edouard de Saint-Phalle, Eudes was the brother of Robert "le Fort", ancestor of the Capetian dynasty[344], but the primary source on which this is based has not so far been identified.  Comte de Châteaudun, later Comte de Troyes.  Comte de Blois.] 

-        see CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY. 

 

 

Chapter 6.    FAMILY of MEGINGOZ (GRAFEN im WORMSGAU)

MEGINGOZ [I] [Megingaud/Megingold], son of [ADALBERT] & his wife --- (-876 or after).  Megingoz son of Adalbert is named in a Papal letter dated 879[345], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [I].  "…Megingoz…" is among those listed as present in the charter dated 12 Oct 847 under which King Ludwig granted property to "Pribina"[346].  "Heriricus" donated property "Wimundasheim in pago Wurmacense" to Trier with the advice and consent of "fratris nostri…Hunfridi episcopi" by charter dated 21 Aug 868, subscribed by "Megingaudi comitis, Megengaudi vicedomni"[347].  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks confirmed donations to Kloster Prüm by charter dated 12 Apr 870 which states that Prüm was founded by "Megingaudus comes…" among others[348].  Graf im Wormsgau. 

m ---.  The origin of the wife of Megingoz [I] is not known with certainty.  She may have been --- im Wormsgau, daughter of Robert [III] Graf im Wormsgau & his wife Wiltrud ---, as indicated by the charter dated 876 under which Graf Megingoz, with his nepos Odo, donated property at Mattenheim.  Settipani identifies Odo with the future Eudes King of France[349], suggesting that either Megingoz himself or his wife was closely related to the Rotbertiner family.  This hypothesis appears corroborated by Megingoz [II], probable son of Megingoz [I], being described as nepos of King Eudes in 892 by Regino (see below).  Jackman suggests that the wife of Megingoz [I] was named ROTLIND, whose name is closely associated with the family in the Memorial book of Remiremont[350].  However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote than "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.] 

Megingoz [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.             [MEGINGOZ [II] (-killed 28 Aug 892, bur Trier St Maximin).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, his unusual name suggests a close family relationship with Megingoz [I].  The Miraculæ S. Maximi record that "Megingaudo, regni huius duci" was granted the monastery of "abbate Herkenberto", St Maximin from the context, by Emperor Arnulf[351].  Graf von Mayenfeld: "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Meinifeld…villam Ribanache" to Kloster St Maximin at Trier naming "comes noster…Megingoz" by charter dated 23 Jan 888[352].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Uuormazfelda in comitatu Megingaudi…in villa Dechidestein" to Kloster Fulda on the proposal of "Pobbonis et Deotpoldi [comitum]" by charter dated 21 Jul 889[353]Regino records that "Megingaudus comes, nepos supradicti Odonis regis" was killed "892 V Kal Sep" by "Alberico in monasterio sancti Xysti quod vocatur Rotila", specifying that he was buried in "Treverim apud sanctum Maximum" and in a later passage that "Arnolfi Zvendiboldo filio" was given the honours of "Megingaudi comitis" in 892[354].  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 991 of "Manegold comes"[355]m as her first husband, GISELA, daughter of ---.  The Miraculi Sanctæ Waldburgis names "Gisela matrona pernobilis, uxor Burchardi, Walochonis comitis filii, quæ antea matrimonio iuncta fuerat comitis Megindaudi"[356].  She married secondly Burkhard. 

2.             ROBERT .  The Miraculæ S. Maximi names "comes…Ruodbertus, germanus…Megingaudi" adding that he governed "in pago Naachgowe Maximii ac Remigii conlimitantia"[357].  Graf im Nahegau.  Abbot of Echternach[358]

3.             MEGINGOZ [III] (-Sep 959).  The precise relationship between Megingoz [III] and the earlier two counts of the same name has not been identified, although the common use of this unusual name suggests a close connection.  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[359], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].  "Otto…rex" returned property to "germani fratris nostri Heinrici cuidam vassallo illius Megingoz" by charter dated 18 Jul 944[360], at the same time as similar return of property to "Billing".  This implies that the property had previously been confiscated from Megingoz following some prior transgression about which no record has yet been found.  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "959 Sep" of "Megingoz com"[361].  [m BILTRUDE, daughter of --- (-after 929).  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[362], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].  Megingoz [III] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)             [GOTTFRIED (-after 929).  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[363], although it is not certain whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].] 

Three brothers, parents not known.  Their precise relationship, if any, to the earlier counts named Megingoz has not been established. 

1.             LANTBERT (-after 4 Feb 966).  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[364].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[365].] 

2.             MEGINGOZ (-after 4 Feb 966).  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[366].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[367]same person as…?  MEGINGOZ [IV] (-14 Jan [998]).  The precise relationship between Megingoz [IV] and the earlier three counts of the same name has not been identified, although the common use of this unusual name suggests a close connection.  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "Herebertus dum vixit habere in villis Sowilnheim et in Olmeno in paho Naggowe in comitatu Emechonis comitis" to "fideli nostro Megingozo" Kloster Gandersheim by charter dated 27 Aug 973[368].  "Otto…rex" granted privileges to Kloster Vilich founded by "nobilis vir…Megingoz cum reliosa coniuge sua Gerbirga" by charter dated 18 Jan 987[369].  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[370]m GERBERGA, daughter of GOTTFRIED Graf [Matfriede] & his wife Ermentrude --- (after 934-[995]).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi" as wife of "Megengoz"[371].  Megingoz [IV] & his wife had eight children: 

a)             MEGINGOZ [V] .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[372]

b)             HEINRICH .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[373]

c)             son .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[374]

d)             son .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[375]

e)             IMIZA [Irmintrudis] ([950/60]-).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Irmintrudis was grandmother of "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[376].  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth date of her mother.  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[377]m HERIBERT Pfalzgraf, son of KONRAD Graf im Rheingau, Graf in der Ortenau & his wife [Judith ---] (-992). 

f)               ALBERADA .  The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adelheid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Alverad had "similiter suæ [=Irminthrudis] posterirum preclaris" without giving details[378]

g)             ADELHEID .  The Vita Adelheidis names "pater eius comes…Megengoz, mater Girbirg" as parents of Adelheid[379].  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[380]

h)             BERTRADA .  The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Bertrada was a nun at Köln, St Maria[381]

3.             REGINZO (-after 4 Feb 966).  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[382].] 

 

 

Chapter 7.    SALIAN DYNASTY (GRAFEN im NAHEGAU, SPEYERGAU und WORMSGAU)

WERNER, son of --- (-[920]).  Graf im Speyergau 906:  "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Spirahgovuue in comitatu Uuerenherii in loco Titinesheim…quicquid Mahtfrid in villa…tenuit" to the bishopric of Worms by charter dated 4 Nov 906[383]

m ---.  The name of Werner's wife is not known. 

Graf Werner & his wife had [three or more] children: 

1.             KONRAD "der Rote/Rufus" (-killed in battle Lechfeld 10 Aug 955, bur Worms Cathedral[384]).  Regino records the succession in 943 of "Chuonradus filius Werinheri" as duke after the death of "Otto dux"[385].  It is assumed that "Werinheri" was the same person as Werner who is named in the 906 charter cited above, but this is not beyond doubt.  Graf im Nahe-, Worms-, Speyer- und Niddagau 941.  Graf in Franconia 942/45.  He was installed as KONRAD Duke of Lotharingia in [945].  Widukind records that "Conrado" was installed as Duke of Lotharingia after the deaths of "Oddone, Lothariorum præside, ac regis nepote Heinrico"[386].  "Otto…rex" donated property to Kloster St Petrus Gorze at the request of "Cuonradi Lodariensis ducis" by charter dated 13 Jul 945[387].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in forasto…Lutara…in pago Nahgouue…in comitatu Cuonradi" to "fideli nostro Franco" at the request of "ducis…Cuonradi" by charter dated 17 Dec 945[388].  "Chuonradus dux Wernharii comitis filius" donated property to the church of Speyer by charter dated 13 Mar 946[389].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nitehgouue in comitatu Cuonradi ducis" to "nostro villico Vuetti" at the request of "Cuonardi nostri…comitis" by charter dated 14 Feb 947[390].  "Otto…rex" granted property to the church of Cambrai at the request of "germani nostri Brunonis et Cuonradi ducis atque Herimanni ducis" by charter dated 30 Apr 948[391].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the possession of Abtei Süsteren by Kloster Prüm by charter dated 1 Jun 949, signed by "Cuonradus dux, Herimannus dux, Hezzo comes, Godefridus comes, Rudolfus comes, Reginherus comes"[392].  "Otto…rex" granted property confiscated from "Hatto Aladramque fratres…in villis Bechi et Auici situm in pago Ganipi in comitatu Arnulfi" to the church of St Florin, Koblenz at the request of "ducis nostri Cuonradi eius coniugis filiæ nostræ Liutgartæ" by charter dated 22 Nov 949[393].  He rebelled against his father-in-law, together with his brother-in-law Liudolf Duke of Swabia, but was ultimately forgiven, although deposed in 953 as Duke of Lotharingia.  He was killed fighting the Magyars near Augsburg[394].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "955 Id Aug" of "Cuonrat dux"[395].  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "10 Aug" of "Conradus dux"[396].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "IV Id Aug" of "Perchtoldi comitis et Chuonradi ducis et Uodalrici ac Thietpoldi comitum aliorumque multorem ab Ungaris occisorum"[397].  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[398]m ([947]) LIUTGARD of Saxony, daughter of OTTO I "dem Großen" King of Germany & his first wife Eadgyth of Wessex ([931]-18 Nov 953, bur St Alban near Mainz).  Regino records that in 947 "Chuonradus dux…Liutgardam filiam regis in matrimonium sumpsit"[399].  "Liudolfo et Liutgarde" are named as the two children of King Otto I and his wife Eadgyth[400].  Widukind records that "Conrado" Duke of Lotharingia married "unicam filiam [regis]"[401].  Duke Konrad & his wife had one child: 

a)             OTTO (-4 Nov 1004, bur [Bruchsal]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ottonem" as son of "duci Wormatie Conrado", specifying that he was father of "Cono dux et Henricus pater imperatoris Conradi"[402].  Graf im Nahegau 956.  Graf im Speier-, Worms-, Elsenz-, Kraich-, Engpfinz- und Ufgau.  

2.             sons .  The primary source which confirms their parentage has not yet been identified. 

OTTO, son of KONRAD Duke [of Lotharingia] & his wife Liutgard of Saxony (-4 Nov 1004, bur [Bruchsal]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ottonem" as son of "duci Wormatie Conrado", specifying that he was father of "Cono dux et Henricus pater imperatoris Conradi"[403].  Graf im Nahegau 956: "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgouue in forasto…Vuasago…in comitatu Ottonis filii Cuonradi ducis" to Worms St Peter by charter dated 8 Mar 956[404].  Graf im Speier-, Worms-, Elsenz-, Kraich-, Engpfinz- und Ufgau.  He was installed as OTTO Duke of Carinthia by Otto II King of Germany in 978 after the trial of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia who had been implicated in the rebellion of Heinrich II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria[405].  Duke Otto was deprived of Carinthia in 985 when it was returned to Duke Heinrich I [Liutpoldinger], but allowed to retain the ducal title and granted lands around Worms and Frankfurt[406].  He was restored as Duke of Carinthia from 995 to 1002.  Presumably he is the "Duke Otto" listed first among those presiding over a court hearing in the presence of Emperor Otto III at Pavia 14 Oct 1001[407].  According to Thietmar, he was proposed as candidate for the imperial throne in 1002 but declined the offer[408].  Thietmar names "Duke Otto of Carinthia and Verona" among those sent by Heinrich II King of Germany to Lombardy after his election to quell unrest[409].  Wipo names "Ottone duce Francorum" when recording the names of his sons[410].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1003 II Non Nov" of "Otto dux"[411]

m JUDITH, daughter of --- (-991, bur Worms Cathedral).  "Chuonradus… Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[412].  According to Wegener[413], Judith was the daughter of Heinrich, son of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger], but he cites no primary source to support the suggestion. 

Duke Otto & his wife had [four] children: 

1.             HEINRICH (-28 Sep [989/1000], bur Worms cathedral).  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum"[414].  Graf im Wormsgau.  m as her first husband, ADELHEID, daughter of [RICHARD Graf von Metz or GERHARD Graf von Metz] [Matfride] & his wife --- (-19 May [1039/46], bur Öhningen Stiftskirche).  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" as mother of "maioris Chuononis"[415].  She married secondly ---, as suggested by the Vita Meinwerci which names "Gebehardus iuvenis, frater imperatoris" when recording his tonsure at the synod in 1028[416], Gerhard not being named elsewhere as full brother of Emperor Konrad I.  "Heinricus…rex" donated property "Lohwilare in pago Bietgowe in comitatu Bezelini comitis…ex avia nostra domina Adelheit iure hereditario suscepimus" to the cathedral of Speyer by charter dated 7 Sep 1046[417].  Graf Heinrich & his wife had two children: 

a)             KONRAD ([990]-Utrecht 4 Jun 1039, bur Speyer cathedral).  Herimannus names "Counradus senior, filius Heinrici et Adalheidæ" when recording his candidacy to succeed as king of Germany in 1024[418].  He was elected KONRAD II King of Germany at Chamba, Rheingau 4 Sep 1024, crowned at Mainz 8 Sep 1024.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan Mar 1026.  Crowned Emperor KONRAD I at Rome 26 Mar 1027. 

-        KINGS of GERMANY. 

b)             JUDITH (-[998], before 30 Jan 1034, bur Worms Cathedral).  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[419].  As all the relatives mentioned were members of Emperor Konrad's direct agnatic family, it is unlikely that Judith was her mother's daughter by her second marriage. 

2.             BRUNO (-Rome 18 Feb or 12 Mar 999, bur Rome, St Peter's).  Herimannus names "Counradus dux Carentani, filius Ottonis ducis fraterque Brunonis dudum papæ" when recording his death in 1012[420].  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum", specifying that Bruno was elected Pope as Gregory[421].  Elected Pope GREGORY V 3 May 996.  Thietmar records the death in Rome of Pope Gregory on 4 Feb[422]

3.             KONRAD (-12 or 15 Dec 1011, bur Worms Cathedral).  Herimannus names "Counradus dux Carentani, filius Ottonis ducis fraterque Brunonis dudum papæ" when recording his death in 1012[423].  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum"[424].  Candidate for the Imperial throne 1002.  He was installed as KONRAD I Duke of Carinthia in 1004.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1011 II Id Dec" of "Cuonradus dux"[425]m ([1002]) as her first husband, MATHILDE of Swabia, daughter of HERMANN II Duke of Swabia & his wife Gerberga of Upper Burgundy ([988]-29 Jul [1031/32], bur Worms cathedral).  Wipo names "Mahthilda de filia Chuonradi regis Burgundiæ" as mother of "iunioris Chuononis"[426].  Thietmar refers to "Konrad" as son-in-law of Hermann Duke of Swabia, recording that they attacked Strasbourg together after the election of Heinrich II King of Germany[427].  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[428].  She married secondly Frédéric II Duke of Upper Lotharingia [Wigeriche].  The primary source which records her second marriage has not so far been identified.  However, the Chronicon Sancti Michælis, monasterii in pago Virdunensi names "duabus puellulis Sophia et Beatrice" as daughters of the son of "duce Theodorico", specifying that the empress was their amita and that she adopted them after their father died[429].  The Alberti Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus names "comitissam Beatricam…de Gallia…filia comitis Frederic, mater…domina Matilda", but does not give the origin of Mathilde[430].  She married thirdly Esiko Graf im Schwabengau [Askanier-Ballenstedt].  The Annalista Saxo names "Machtildis" sister of Gisela, wife of Emperor Konrad II, and her third husband[431].  She attended the Easter celebrations at Ingelheim in 1030[432].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Jul of "Mechthild soror imperatricis Gislæ"[433].  Duke Konrad & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             KONRAD "der Jüngere" ([1003]-20 Jul 1039, bur Worms cathedral).  Herimannus names "filio eius [=Counradus dux Carentani] puero Counrado" when recording that he was deprived of the duchy of Carinthia on his father's death in 1012[434].  Graf im Nahe-, Speyer- und Wormsgau.  He was an unsuccessful candidate for the imperial throne in 1024, but he agreed to accept the outcome of the election meeting at Chamba 4 Sep 1024 and immediately supported his cousin's election[435]Herimannus names "patruelis eius [=Counradus senior, filius Heinrici et Adalheidæ] Counradis filius Counradi ducis ex Mathilde" when recording his candidacy to succeed as king of Germany in 1024[436].  The Annales Colonienses specify that "Kuono" was sent into exile in 1027[437].  He was installed as KONRAD II Duke of Carinthia in 1036.  The Annalista Saxo records the death "XIII Kal Aug inmatura" of "Conradus Carentinorum dux, patruelis Conradi imperatoris"[438].  [m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Graf Konrad & his wife had [one possible child]:]

i)               [CUNO (-after 1056).  He is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the possible son of Graf Konrad[439].  The primary source which suggests his parentage has not yet been identified.  He sold Bruchsal to Heinrich IV King of Germany in 1056.]

b)             BRUNO ([1004]-Persenbeug 27 May 1045, bur Würzburg cathedral).  Herimannus names "Brun, patruelis imperatoris, filius ex Mahthilde Counradi ducis" when recording his installation as Bishop of Würzburg in 1034[440].  Bishop of Würzburg 1034.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the installation of "Brun filius Mathildis" as Bishop of Würzburg in 1034[441].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1045 VII Kal Jun" of "Brun Wurziburgensis episcopus"[442]

c)             [--- .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[443], the wife of Hezzelin was the possible daughter of Konrad Duke of Carinthia.  The primary source which suggests this parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HEZZELIN Graf im Zülpichgau, son of HERMANN Pfalzgraf von Lothringen & his wife Heilwig --- (-20 Nov 1033, bur Brauweiler).] <

4.             WILHELM (-7 Nov 1047).  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum", specifying that Wilhelm was made "Argentinensis ecclesiæ episcopus"[444].  Chaplain of Empress Gisela.  He was elected Bishop of Strasbourg in 1029[445].  Jackman speculates that Wilhelm may have been illegitimate[446]

 

 

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von ARNSTEIN

1.             LUDWIG [I] von Arnstein .  m ---.  Ludwig [I] & his wife had [seven] children:

a)             LUDWIG [II] (-28 May ----).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus", adding that he died "V Kal Iun"[447]m UDILHILDIS, daughter of --- (-5 Jul ----).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Udelhildis" as wife of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus", adding that she died "III Non Iul"[448].  Ludwig [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)               LUDWIG [III] (-22 Oct 1185).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names Ludwig as only son of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" and his wife Udelhildis[449].  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "comes Lodewicus, cum…coniuge sua Guda" founded the monastery at "castrum suum Arnstein, in Treverensi diocesi" in 1139[450]m GUTA von Boyneburg, daughter of SIEGFRIED [IV] Graf von Boyneburg & his wife Richenza --- (-17 Aug ----, bur Kloster Arnstein).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "Lodewicus" married "comitis de Bomneburch…filiam…Gudam"[451].  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records the death "XVI Kal Sep" of "domine Gude comitisse" and her burial in the monastery founded by her and her husband[452]

ii)             [AGNES (-before 1179).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the seventh married "in Sutpheniensem…comitiam"[453].  It is more likely from a chronological point of view that Agnes was the daughter of Ludwig [II] than Ludwig [I] but the primary source which confirms that this correct has not yet been identified.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m HENDRIK Graf van Geldern en Zutphen, son of GERHARD [II] Graf van Geldern & his wife Ermgard van Zutphen ([1117]-[27 May/10 Sep] 1182, bur Kloster Kamp).] 

b)             daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom two married "baronibus Ungarorum"[454].  m ---. 

c)             daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom two married "baronibus Ungarorum"[455].  m ---. 

d)             HEMMA (-20 Feb before 1150).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the third married "Palatini comitis de Thuyngin"[456].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "X Kal Mar" of "Hemma com"[457]m HUGO [II] Graf von Tübingen, son of --- (-[1120]).    

e)             daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fourth married "Nassauwen"[458]m DUDO Graf von Laurenburg, son of ---. 

f)               GISELHILD .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fifth married "comitis de Loufo"[459].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m KONRAD Graf von Laufen, son of POPPO [III] Graf von Laufen & his wife Mathilde von Ravengiersberg. 

g)             daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the sixth was ancestor of "Ysinburgensem prosapiam"[460]m REMBOLD von Isenburg, son of ---. 

The precise relationship between the following person as the Grafen von Arnstein has not yet been ascertained: 

2.             OTTO .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Otto…diaconus…nobili…Saxonum prosapia…consanguineus comitis memorati" (referring to Ludwig [III] Graf von Arnstein) when recording that he founded "secundum regulam beati Augustini et ecclesie primitive" and built "ecclesiam beati Victoris martyris de legione Theborum…super Salam fluvium"[461]

 

 

Chapter 9.    GRAFEN von ENZBERG

1.             ZEIZOLF [II] (-after 5 May 1072).  "Heinricus…rex" granted the right to a market in "in villa Sunninheim in pago Elisincigowe et in comitatu eiusdem Zeizolfi comitis" to "Zeizolfo fideli nostro" by an undated charter, grouped in the compilation with charters dated 1066[462].  "Ceizzolfus comes" subscribed the charter dated 5 May 1072 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Metz attested the destruction of the chapel of Ravensgirburg[463].  m ---.  The name of Zeizolf's wife is not known.  Graf Zeizolf [II] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)             [WOLFRAM (-after Oct 1104, bur Sunnesheim).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, it is probable that he was the son of Graf Zeizolf [II].  Not only did Wolfram name his own son Zeizolf ([III]), but also Wolfram's son Johann is shown in his charter dated 6 Jan 1100 to have owned property in "in pago Elisincigowe" like his presumed paternal grandfather.  The Annales Spirenses name "Wolframi comitis Arduenne" specifying that he had "multos comitatus…in Creychouwe et Enzeburch" and that "de genere illorum venit Kestenburc et Meystersel et Diethensheim ecclesie Spirensi"[464].  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "pater suus [=episcopi Iohannis Spirensis] Wolframus comes" at Sunnesheim, specifying that he died after his son[465].]  m ADELA, [illegitimate] daughter of Emperor HEINRICH III King of Germany & his [mistress ---] ([1045] or before-before Oct 1104, bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "Azela sorore Heinrici senioris [=Heinrici IV]" as wife of "Wolframi comitis Arduenne"[466].  Her birth date range is estimtated on the assumption that the age of her son John is correct when he died as shown below.  Assuming that her paternity is correctly stated, her absence from other records and her comparatively obscure marriage suggest that she was illegitimate.  Emperor Heinrich IV, who would have been Adela's half-brother if the relationship is correctly stated above, made numerous donations to Speyer cathedral between 1091 and 1105, during the bishopric of Adela's son Johann.  However, in none of these is any blood relationship with the bishop directly mentioned by using words such as "consanguineus" or "propinquus".  Nevertheless, in the emperor's donation dated 21 Sep 1091 he calls Bishop Johann "fidele servicium carissimi", a phrase which appears more intimate than those usually seen in imperial donations to episcopacies and which could be consistent with family relationship[467].  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "matrem [=episcope Iohannis Spirensis] Azelam" at Sunnesheim, implying that she died before her son[468].  Graf Wolfram & his wife had two children: 

i)               ZEIZOLF [III] (-before 6 Jan 1100, bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" as brother of "Ceizolfus comes"[469].  Graf im Kraichgau.  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "fratrem [=episcope Iohannis Spirensis] Ceyzolfum comitem" at Sunnesheim, implying that he died before his brother[470].  The date of his death and place of burial are established by the charter dated 6 Jan 1100 under which "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim, naming "…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti…"[471]m ---.  The name of Zeizolf's wife is not known.  Zeizolf & his wife had [two] children:   

(a)          ADELHEID von Enzberg (-11 Mar 1122).  The Annales Spirenses name "Adilheidis comitissa filius Ceizolfus comes" as wife of "Heinricum palatinum in Tuwingen", specifying that she was childless[472].  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim "in proprio allodio meo in pago Elezengowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis", with the support of "herede mea filia…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti dicta Adelheid", by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "… Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[473].  The Annales Spirenses record that "Adilheydis comitissa" travelled to Rome after the death of her uncle Bishop Johann to request his absolution from Pope Pascal II for having supported Emperor Heinrich "in scismate", which was granted on payment of a fine[474]m [firstly] HEINRICH Graf von Tübingen, son of --- (-before 1103).  [m secondly SIEGFRIED, son of --- (-after Oct 1104).  The Annaless Spirenses record the burial of "Sifridus comes et sancta Adelheidis comitissa" at Sunnesheim, specifying that they died after Johann Bishop of Speyer[475].  The relationship between Siegfried and the other members of this family is not specified.  However, the charter dated 6 Jan 1100 under which "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim names "… Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[476].  It is therefore unlikely that Siegfried was the son of Graf Zeizolf.  The most likely explanation for his burial at Sunnesheim is that he was the second husband of Adelheid.] 

(b)          JUDITH (-after 6 Jan 1100).  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "…Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[477]

ii)             JOHANN ([1062/63]-26 Oct 1104, bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" as son of "Wolframi comitis Arduenne", specifying that he was "Sunnisheim archidiaconus" and that "Heinricus senior" installed "filio sororis sue" as Bishop of Speyer "dum esset puer[478], although the latter description must be an exaggeration assuming that Johann's age at death is correct as stated in a later passage.  Bishop of Speyer 1090.  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim "in proprio allodio meo in pago Elezengowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis", with the support of "herede mea filia…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti dicta Adelheid", and donated property to the new foundation "in pago Elezengowi…in pago Cregowi, in pago Enzgowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis…in pago Hedenegowe in comitatu comite Godefridi…in pago Spirgowi in comitatu Spirensi episcopi…in pago Nachowi…[et] in pago Wormesfelt in comitatu comitis Emechonis", by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "Wolframmi patris mei, Azele matris mea, Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[479].  The Annales Spirenses record the death of "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" after 16 years in office, and his burial at Sunnesheim with his parents, specifying that he was 41 years old[480]

 

 

Chapter 10.  GRAFEN von KATZENELNBOGEN

1.             HEINRICH [I] von Katzenelnbogen (-before 1108).  m as her first husband, LUCCARDE [Luitgard] von Heimbach, daughter of ADELGER von Heimbach & his wife Judith ---.  She married secondly (before 15 May 1108) Goswin [III] Graf von Stahleck.  Heinrich [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)             HEINRICH [II] von Katzenelnbogen (-1160 or after).  Graf von Katzenelnbogen.  "Hermannus palatinus comes, Heinricus comes frater suus de Catenelenbog, hirsutus comes" (the latter being Pfalzgraf Hermann's uterine half-brother) witnessed the charter dated 1149 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz settled a dispute between Kloster Hasungen and Stifte Fritzlar[481].  "Herimannus palatinus comes de Reno et frater eius Heinricus de Cacenelenboge" were among those recorded as present in the Sententia contra temeritates ministerialium pronounced by Konrad III King of Germany by charter dated 21 Aug 1149[482]m HILDEGARD von Henneberg, daughter of GOTEBOLD [II] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Liutgard von Hohenberg (-24 Feb ----, bur Kloster Lorsch).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

 

2.             BERNHARD [I] von Katzenelnbogen (-1170 or after).  Graf von Katzenelnbogen.  1157/70.  m ADELHEID von Laufen, daughter of KONRAD Graf von Laufen & his wife Giselhild von Arnstein.  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Bopponis et sororis eius Adelheidis" as the children of "comitis de Loufo" and his wife, the fifth sister of Ludwig [II] von Arnstein, adding that Adelheid was the mother of "Bertholdus et Dietherus comites de Catzenellenbogen"[483].  Bernhard [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)             BERTHOLD [II] von Katzenelnbogen (-before Feb 1207).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Bertholdus et Dietherus comites de Catzenellenbogen" as children of Adelheid von Laufen[484]m (Feb 1207/1210]) as her first husband, ALIX de Montbéliard, daughter of AMEDEE de Montfaucon Comte de Montbéliard & his [first/second] wife --- (-after 1244).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la contece Aalis qui avoit esté feme dou conte Bertot…suer de Gautier de Monbeliart et ante de Eudde de Monbeliart" as wife of "Phelippe…bailli de Chypre"[485].  She married secondly ([Feb 1207/1210]) as his second wife, Philippe Ibelin Bailiff of Cyprus.  "Philippus de Ibelin" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…Alicis comitissæ uxoris suæ", by charter dated 15 May 1210[486].   "Johannes de Ybelino, dominus Berithi et Johannes dominus Cæsareæ" guaranteed the sale of property to the Knights Hospitallers by "Johannes de Ybelino, filius defuncti Philippi de Ybelino" by charter dated Apr 1232 addressed to "Aelisia comitissa, uxore quondam Philippi de Ybelino, eiusque filia Maria"[487].  Boniface abbé de Cîteaux confirmed the authorisation by the archbishop of Nicosia to "domine A[elisie], relicte…domini Philippi de Ybelino" for the foundation of a convent in Nicosia, by charter dated Mar 1244[488]

b)             DIETRICH von Katzenelnbogen .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Bertholdus et Dietherus comites de Catzenellenbogen" as children of Adelheid von Laufen[489]

 

 

Chapter 11.  GRAFEN von LAUFEN

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.             HEINRICH .  Graf im Lordengau 1023.  1027. 

2.             POPPO [I] .  The primary source which confirms his relationship to Graf Heinrich has not yet been identified.  Graf 1012. 

1.             POPPO [II] .  Graf im Lordengau.  1065/67.  m ---.  The name of Poppo's wife is not known.  Poppo [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             HEINRICH .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although the Annalista Saxo names him "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater" when recording his marriage[490].  .  Graf von Laufen 1067.  m as her first husband, IDA von Werl, daughter of BERNHARD von Werl Graf von Hövel & his wife ---.  The Annalista Saxo names Ida daughter of "Bernhardus comes", her first husband "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater", her second husband "nobilis de Saxonia" and her children by both husbands[491].  She married secondly --- [Saxon noble].  Graf Heinrich & his wife had one child: 

i)               ADELHEID von Laufen .  The Annalista Saxo names "Adelheidam" as daughter of Ida by her first husband[492].  m firstly ADOLF I von Hövel [Huwili] Graf von Berg, son of --- (-[31 Jul] 1106).  The Annalista Saxo names "Adulfus de Huvili" husband of Adelheid, and their children "Adulfum iuniorem et fratres eius"[493]m secondly FRIEDRICH von Sommerschenburg Pfalzgraf in Sachsen, son of ADALBERT [Sevecco] von Sommerschenburg & his wife Ouda [Hilaria] von Goseck (-1120).  

b)             POPPO [III] (-1122 or after).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater"[494].  He founded Kloster Odenheim im Kraichgau with his brother Bruno[495]m MATHILDE von Ravengiersburg, daughter of BERTHOLD Graf von Hohenberg & his [first wife Hedwig ---].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1110.  Graf Poppo [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)               KONRAD .  "Cunradus filius comitis Bopponis de Loufo" recognised the rights of the church of Worms over property held by his father, by charter dated 18 May 1127[496]m GISELHILD von Arnstein, daughter of LUDWIG Graf von Arnstein & his wife ---.  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fifth married "comitis de Loufo"[497].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Konrad & his wife had two children: 

(a)          POPPO [IV] (-before 1181).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Bopponis et sororis eius Adelheidis" as the children of "comitis de Loufo" and his wife, the fifth sister of Ludwig [II] von Arnstein[498].  Graf von Laufen 1139/76.  m ---.  The name of Poppo's wife is not known.  Poppo [IV] & his wife had [three] children:

(1)          [HEINRICH .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Laufen 1174.] 

(2)          POPPO [V] (-[5 Oct 1212/6 Apr 1219]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Laufen 1171.  m ADELHEID von Vohburg, .  The Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ names (in order) "filium…Peritholdum et duas filias…Chunigundam uxorem marchionis de Styra et Alheidem de Laufen" as children of "Marchio Dietpoldus" & his second wife[499].  Poppo [V] & his wife had two children: 

a.             daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m GERHARD von Schauenburg .  1208. 

b.             MECHTILD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1236/76.  m KONRAD [I] von Dürn (-17 Sep 1258). 

(3)          KONRAD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf 1184.  He founded Kloster Seligenthal in 1216[500]

(b)          ADELHEID .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Bopponis et sororis eius Adelheidis" as the children of "comitis de Loufo" and his wife, the fifth sister of Ludwig [II] von Arnstein, adding that Adelheid was the mother of "Bertholdus et Dietherus comites de Catzenellenbogen"[501]m BERNHARD [I] Graf von Katzenelnbogen, son of ---.  1157/70. 

c)             [BRUNO (-25 Apr 1124).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater"[502].  On the other hand, the Gesta Treverorum names "Arnoldus comes [et] Adeleyda" as parents of Bruno "clero Trevericæ" when recording his installation as archbishop in 1102[503].  It is not known which version is correct.  He founded Kloster Odenheim im Kraichgau with his brother Poppo[504].  Archdeacon at Trier and Speyer.  Provost of St Florin at Koblenz.  Archbishop of Trier 1102.] 

 

 

Chapter 12.  GRAFEN von LAURENBURG, GRAFEN von NASSAU

 

DUDO (-after 1117).  "advocatus et comes de Lurenburch" [Laurenburg].  1093-1117. 

m --- von Arnstein, daughter of LUDWIG [I] Graf von Arnstein & his wife ---.  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fourth married "Nassauwen"[505]

Dudo & his wife had three children: 

1.             RUPRECHT [I] von Laurenburg (-before 13 May 1154).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Rubertum…et Arnoldum et Demudim filiam" as the children of "Nassauwen" and his wife, daughter of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus"[506].  Founded Kloster Schönau before 1132.  m (before 1135) BEATRIX van Limburg, daughter of WALERAN III Graf van Limburg Duke of Lower Lotharingia & his wife Jutta van Gelderland (-12 Jul after 1164).  Ruprecht [I] & his wife three children: 

a)             ARNOLD [II] von Nassau (-after 1 Apr 1159).  "…Comes Arnoldus de Lurenburc…" witnessed the charter dated 1148 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation of property to Kloster Ichtershausen by "Frideruna linea nobis consanguinitatis propinqua et filius eius Marquardus de Grumbach"[507].  m ---.  The name of Arnold's wife is not known.  Arnold [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)               RUPRECHT [III] "der Streitbare" (-in Palestine 1191 or after).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Ruberti comitis…qui in expeditione imperatoris Frederici peregrinus obiit in partibus transmarinis" as the son of "Arnoldus comes", although the source appears to confuse Arnold [II] father of Ruprecht [III] with Arnold [I], son of Dudo[508].  Graf von Nassau 1160.  Vogt of Kloster Schönau 1172.  Vogt of Koblenz 1182.  Crusader 1189.  m (before 1169). ELISABETH von Leiningen Gräfin von Schaumburg, daughter of EMICH [III] Graf von Leiningen & his wife Elise --- (-[1235/38]).  Graf Ruprecht [III] & his wife had two children: 

(a)          HERMANN (-before 1206).  Canon at Mainz cathedral. 

(b)          LUKARDE (-before 1222).  m firstly GEBHARD [IV] von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburgm secondly (before 1217) HERMANN [III] Graf von Virneburg

b)             RUPRECHT [II] (-after 1 Apr 1159).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Rubertus frater Arnoldi", although the source appears to confuse Ruprecht [II] with Ruprecht [I], son of Dudo[509]m ---.  The name of Ruprecht's wife is not known.  Ruprecht [II] & his wife had [two possible children]: 

i)               WALRAM [I] von Laurenburg (-5 Jul 1197, bur Kloster Arnstein).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Walerami" as the son of "Rubertus frater Arnoldi"[510].  Crusader 1189.  Graf von Nassau 1193.  m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Cunegundis" as mother of "Henricus et Rupertus"[511].  1198.  Graf Walram [I] & his wife had three children: 

(a)          HEINRICH [II] "der Reiche" (1180-before 25 Jan 1251).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Henricus et Rupertus nunc comites" as the sons of "comitis Walerami"[512].  He succeeded as Graf von Nassau.  From 1214, at Wiesbaden. 

(b)          RUPRECHT [IV] (-after 1 Jan 1238).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Henricus et Rupertus nunc comites" as the sons of "comitis Walerami"[513].  From 1214, at Wiesbaden.  m (before 1229) GERTRUD, daughter of --- (-[1222).

(c)          BEATRIX .  Nun at Affolderbach bei Nastätten. 

ii)             [HEINRICH [I] (-in Italy from plague Aug 1167).  Graf von Nassau 1160.] 

c)             GERHARD von Laurenburg .  1148.

2.             ARNOLD [I] .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Rubertum…et Arnoldum et Demudim filiam" as the children of "Nassauwen" and his wife, daughter of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus"[514].  Vogt von St Georgat Limburg.  1124/48.

3.             DEMUDIS .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Rubertum…et Arnoldum et Demudim filiam" as the children of "Nassauwen" and his wife, daughter of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus", stating that Demudis married "Embriconi…pater…comitis Henrici, patris Gerhardi comitis de Dithse"[515]m EMBRICHO Graf von Diez .  1133. 

HEINRICH [II] "der Reiche" von Nassau, son of WALRAM [I] von Laurenburg Graf von Nassau &  his wife Kunigunde --- (1180-before 25 Jan 1251).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Henricus et Rupertus nunc comites" as the sons of "comitis Walerami"[516].  He succeeded as Graf von Nassau.  From 1214, at Wiesbaden. 

m (before 1221) MATHILDE van Geldern, daughter of OTTO I Graf van Geldern en Zütphen (-after 1247). 

Graf Heinrich [II] & his wife had ten children: 

1.             RUPRECHT (-19 Sep before 1247).  Knight of the Teutonic Order. 

2.             WALRAM [II] ([1220]-24 Jan 1276).  He succeeded his father [before 1251] as joint Graf von Nassau, jointly with his brother Otto.  In 1255, they divided their lands, Walram taking Weilburg, Idstein and Wiesbaden. 

-        GRAFEN von NASSAU, WALRAMIAN LINE.  

3.             OTTO [I] (-[1289/90]).  He succeeded his father [before 1251] as joint Graf von Nassau, jointly with his brother Walram [II].  In 1255, they divided their lands, Otto taking Siegen, Dillenburg, Beilstein and Ginsberg.   

-        GRAFEN von NASSAU, OTTONIAN LINE

4.             HEINRICH (-28 May ----).  Monk at Arnstein.  1247.  

5.             GERHARD (-1313 before 1 Sep).  Archdeacon at Liège 1259/90 and 1301/10.  Provost at Unsere Liebe Frau at Maastricht 1263/75.  Provost of St Pierre at Liège 1278.  Provost of St Marien at Aachen 1297.  Canon of St Martin at Mainz 1301.  Provost at Tiel 1302. 

6.             JOHANN (-Deventer 13 Jul 1309, bur Deventer St Lebuinus).  Archdeacon at Liège 1262/1266.  Elected Bishop of Utrecht 1267, resigned 1290.  Provost of the Franciscans at Maastricht 1273.  Johann had [four] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

a)              JOHANN (-killed in battle Zwolle 4 Jun 1352).  m firstly FRIEDA van Appeldoorn (-4 Jul 1350).  m secondly ERMGARD ter Oy (-after 4 Jun 1352).

b)              JAKOB (-21 Mar before 1350).  m NESTA, daughter of ---.  1350.

i)               EBERHARD (-1391).  Canon at Deventer.

c)              [OTTO .  1320.]

d)              [MECHTILD (-Deventer 1350).  m J--- Vrijherte .]

7.             ELISABETH (-after 6 Jan 1295).  m GERHARD [III] von Eppstein (-1252).

8.             KATHARINA (-1324).  Abbess of Altenburg.

9.             JUTTA (-1313).  m ([1260]) JAN [I] Heer van Cuyck (-13 Jul 1308).

10.         IRMGARD (-1 Aug 1297).  Abbess of Val-Benoît. 

 

 

Chapter 13.  GRAFEN von LEININGEN, GRAFEN im NAHEGAU und im WORMSGAU

A.      GRAFEN im NAHEGAU und im WORMSGAU

1.             EMICH [I] (-after 6 Feb 1000).  "Otto…rex" granted property "quicquid Hunald hereditatis…in pago Hessium in villas Uktodaha et Sutzaha in comitatu Meginfredi comitis…et in pago Nahgouue…Spiascesheim, Treise in comitatu Emichonis comitis…in pago Cuninghessundra in villa Uualdhoffa in comitatu Hathoddi comitis" to "fideli nostro Thiatgaz" by charter dated 25 Feb 960[517].  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[518].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue in comitatu Emichonis comitis in loco…Gogunhein…[et] in pago Spirihgeuui in comitatu Gerungi comitis" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 27 Aug 966[519].  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "Herebertus dum vixit habere in villis Sowilnheim et in Olmeno in paho Nahgowe in comitatu Emechonis comitis" to "fideli nostro Megingozo" Kloster Gandersheim by charter dated 27 Aug 973[520].  "Otto…rex" donated property "inter Keberesheim et Wisclenbahe…in pago Nahgowe in comitiatu Emichonis comitis" to Kloster St Alban, Mainz by charter dated 992[521].  "Otto tercius…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "Tiele in comitatu Unrochi comitis et in pago Testerbant…et Nerestein in comitatu Amichonis in pago Nahgowi" to the monks of the Marienkapelle at Aachen by charter dated 6 Feb 1000[522].  Given the approximately 40 year range between the earliest and latest charters cited above, it is possible that these documents in fact refer to two different persons named Emich. 

2.             EMICH [II] (-before 5 May 1072).  The family relationship, if any, between Graf Emich [II] and Graf Emich [I] has not been traced, although the common use of this first name and the fact that both were Grafen im Nahegau suggest that there was a close connection.  Graf im Nahegau[523]m KUNIGUNDE von Stromberg, daughter of BERTHOLD Graf in der Wetterau, im Trechirgau, Maienfeld und im Hinring & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1072/1097.  Graf Emich [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)             EMICH [III] (-1108 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "…Emmicho comes et frater suus Bertholdus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 May 1072 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Metz attested the destruction of the chapel of Ravensgirburg[524].  Graf von Flonheim und Leiningen.  Heinrich IV King of Germany donated property "in villa Ingelenheim in pago Nachgowe in comitatu Emichonis" to Kloster St Ulrich and Afra, Augsburg by charter dated 12 Jun 1074[525].  Wildgraf 1080.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahcowe in comitatu comitis Emichonis" to the church of Speyer by charter dated 21 Sep 1091[526]m [HIZECHA, daughter of --- (-before 1138).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.]  Graf Emich [III] & his wife had [six] children: 

i)               EMICH (-killed in battle Mainz 1117).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Nahe- und Wormsgau.  He founded Kloster Höningen[527].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "comes Emicho" was killed at the siege of Mainz in 1117[528]

ii)             GERLACH (-1124 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf 1102/24. 

iii)            [GISELA (-before 2 Feb 1156).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m WERNER Graf von Neckerau-Gröningen .  1090/1120. 

iv)           [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m Graf GOSWIN Vogt von Kloster Sponheim, son of ---.  1097/1124.  Ancestor of the GRAFEN von VELDENZ und WILDGRAFEN[529]

v)             [HERMANN .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [1110].  m ADELA [von Prozelten].  The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified. 

vi)           [HEDWIG .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1110.  m KONRAD [II] von Wirttemberg, son of --- & his wife Luitgard ---.  1110. 

b)             BERTHOLD (-before 16 Aug 1110).  "…Emmicho comes et frater suus Bertholdus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 May 1072 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Metz attested the destruction of the chapel of Ravensgirburg[530].  Graf von Hohenberg, Nürings-Stromberg.  Vogt von Lorsch und Ravengiersburg.  m firstly HEDWIG, daughter of --- .  1074.  m secondly LUTGARD, daughter of --- (-3 Jun ----).  1094/1095.  Graf Berthold & his [first] wife had three children:   

i)               BERTHOLD (-17 Apr [1123]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Hohenberg, Nürings, Lindenfels, Stromberg.  m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold & his wife had two children: 

(a)          BERTHOLD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Nürings.  1124/36.  [1146].  m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold & his wife had two children:

(1)          SIEGFRIED .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1141/1149. 

(2)          GERHARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf.  1141/1171.  m UDALHILDE, daughter of ---.  1159. 

(b)          SIEGFRIED .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Nürings.  1128. 

ii)             LUTGARD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1094/1130.  m VOLKOLD von Malsburg Graf von Nidda .  1092/1124. 

iii)            MATHILDE von Ravengiersburg .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1094/1110.  m POPPO [III] Graf von Laufen, son of POPPO [II] Graf im Lordengau & his wife --- (-1122 or after). 

 

B.      GRAFEN im WORMSGAU, GRAFEN von LEININGEN

1.             EMICH [I] (-before 1138).  The family relationship, if any, between Graf Emich [I] and the three earlier counts of this name shown in Part A has not been traced, although the common use of the first name and the common references to Wormsgau suggest that there was a close connection.  Graf im Wormsgau 1128.  m ALVERADIS [von Laurenburg], daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage and supposed origin has not yet been identified. 

2.             EMICH [II] (-before 1187).  The family relationship, if any, between Graf Emich [II] and the four earlier counts of this name shown in Part A has not been traced, although the common use of the first name suggests that there was a close connection.  Graf von Leiningen.  "…Emicho comes de Liningen…" witnessed the charter dated 1143 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Disibodenberg "per manum comitis Simsonis advocati ecclesie sancti Disibodi"[531].  "Comites:…Emmisso de Liningen…" witnessed the charter dated 23 Jul 1144 under which "Henricus dux Saxonie" confirmed the privileges of Kloster Bursfeld[532].  "…Comes Emicho de Liningen…" witnessed the charter dated 1148 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation of property to Kloster Ichtershausen by "Frideruna linea nobis consanguinitatis propinqua et filius eius Marquardus de Grumbach"[533].  The Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) name "…Emicho comes de Lynengen…" among those present with the king when he celebrated Christmas at Worms in 1155[534].  m ELISE, daughter of --- .  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1179.  Graf Emich [V] & his wife had six children: 

a)             HERMANN (-before 1179).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)             EBERHARD .  1172/1179.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

c)             FRIEDRICH [I] (-before 1214).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vogt von Villmar 1189.  Landvogt im Speyergau.  Minnesänger.  m GERTRUD von Habsburg, daughter of ADALBERT III Graf von Habsburg & his wife Ita von Pfullendorf].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1196/1214. 

d)             ELISABETH (-[1235/38]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Gräfin von Schaumburg 1204.  m (before 1189) RUPRECHT [III] "der Streitbare" Graf von Nassau, son of ARNOLD [II] Graf von Nassau & his wife --- (-in Palestine 1191 or after). 

e)             ALVERADIS .  1196/1235.  Wegener refers to a donation to Kloster Walgassen Oberrhein by Alberhardis Gräfin von Kleeberg "marito et liberis orbata" with the consent of her brother Friedrich Graf von Leiningen[535].  He speculates that the husband of Alveradis was an older brother of Friedrich [VI] Graf von Kleeburg and assumes that his name must have been Siegfried[536].  This appears to be a reasonable speculation but there appears to be no proof that it is correct.  One difficulty is the absence of a reference to a second son from the donation of his supposed mother Euphemia.  [m [SIEGFRIED] Graf von Peilstein-Kleeburg, son of SIEGFRIED [II] Graf von Mörle und Kleeburg & his wife Euphemia --- (-before 1196).] 

f)               LIUTGARDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  1180/1239.  m firstly (before 1180) SIMON [II] Graf von Saarbrücken, son of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild ---.  1183/1207.  m secondly LOTHAR Graf von Wied (-1 Mar [1224/35]). 

 

C.      GRAFEN von LEININGEN (SAARBRÜCKEN)

FRIEDRICH von Saarbrücken, son of SIMON [II] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Luitgard von Leiningen (-1237).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Saarbrücken.  Graf von Leiningen 1214. 

m AGNES von Eberstein, daughter of EBERHARD Graf von Eberstein & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

Graf Friedrich & his wife had [eleven] children: 

1.             FRIEDRICH [III] (-1287).  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Friderici comitis de Liningen et domni Emichonis fratris sui" in 1249[537].  Graf von Leiningen in (part) Dagsburg, Leiningen und Hardenburg.  Landgraf im Speyergau [1275].  m (before 29 Sep 1242) ADELHEID von Kyburg, daughter of WERNER Graf von Kyburg & his wife Alix [Bertha] de Lorraine.  1258.  Graf Friedrich [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)             FRIEDRICH [IV] (-1316).  Graf von Leiningen.  m firstly (before 1288) JOHANNA von Sponheim, daughter of SIMON I Graf von Sponheim (-after 1270).  m secondly (1282) JEANNE d'Aspremont, daughter of GOBERT [VII] Seigneur d'Aspremont et de Dun

-        GRAFEN von LEININGEN[538]

2.             SIMON (-[1234/36]).  m (1223) as her third husband, GERTRUD von Dagsburg, widow firstly of THIBAUT I Duke of Lorraine, repudiated wife secondly of THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne [later TEOBALDO I King of Navarre], daughter of ALBERT [II] Graf von Dagsburg & his wife Gertrud von Baden ([May 1205/mid-1206]-before 19 Mar 1225).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Albertus comes Dasburgensis et domnus de Musal…parvulam filiam Gertrudem"[539].  Poull suggests the birth date shown above[540], although it seems likely that Gertrud was born earlier as her mother would have been at least 52 years old in 1205.  The Vitæ Odiliæ names "Gertrudem filiam defuncti comitis [de Moha Albertus]" as wife of "Theobaldus ducis Lotharingie filius"[541].  Richer records that "ducem Lotoringie Theobaldum" was married to "filiam comitis de Daxporc", that he inherited the county through her, that after her first husband died she married "comes…Campanie adhuc adolescens" who in his turn inherited the county, that she was repudiated for sterility by her second husband and married thirdly "comiti de Lignigne", and that after the couple's death soon afterwards there were no heirs to her county which (including "castra…Hernestem et Turquestem, et…opida…Albam et Saleborc") was annexed by "Metensis episcopus Iohannes" but that "frater…dicti comitis defuncti" captured "castrum Daxporc"[542].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gertrudam filiam comitis Alberti Dasburgensis" as wife of "dux Theobaldus natus de filia comitis Barri"[543].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the second marriage in 1220 of "Gertrudem comitissam de Daburc [relictam Theobaldi iuvenis dux Lotharingie]" and "iuvenis comes Theobaldus Campaniensis" and their separation two years later on grounds of consanguinity[544].  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "filie comitis de Dagesburc" as the wife of "comite de Lyningen"[545].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1225 of "Gertrudis…heres unica de Daborch et de…Musacum" recording that she was "novissime…de Linengis comitissa", without naming her third husband[546]

3.             EMICH [IV] (-[1276/79]).  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Friderici comitis de Liningen et domni Emichonis fratris sui" in 1249[547].  Graf von Leiningen in Landeck.  m firstly ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-before 1264).  m secondly (15 Mar 1265) as her second husband, MARGARETA von Heimbach, widow of SIMON I Graf von Sponheim, daughter of EBERHARD III Graf von Heimbach.  1248/91.  Graf Emich [IV] & his first wife had four children: 

-        GRAFEN von LEININGEN[548]

4.             HEINRICH (-28 Feb 1271).  Bishop of Speyer 1245. 

5.             WALRAM (-1284 or after).  Provost at Worms cathedral. 

6.             BERTHOLD (-17 May 1285).  Canon at Speyer cathedral 1247.  Bishop of Bamberg 1257. 

7.             EBERHARD .  1265/1280.  Monk. 

8.             KUNIGUNDE.  1231/36.  m WERNER [IV] von Bolanden.   1220/1258. 

9.             daughter .  m KUNO von Malberg zu Finstingen (-before 1262). 

10.         [SIEGMUND .  1258. 

11.         [daughter ([1190]-[1245]).  m KONRAD Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH I Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Sophie von Raabs (-[24 Aug 1260/10 Mar 1261]). 

 

 

Chapter 14.  GRAFEN von RHEINECK

Rheineck is located on the river Rhine between Remagen and Andernach[549]

OTTO von Salm, son of HERMANN [I] Graf von Salm [Luxembourg] King of Germany & his [second] wife --- (-murdered Burg Schönburg 1150 before 12 Nov).  The Annales Sancti Diibodi name "Otto palatinus comes de Rineke" as son of "Hermannus [rex]"[550].  Pfalzgraf 1115.  Graf von Rheineck und Bentheim 1126.  The Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi names "comes Otto de Reneka" when recording that he was sent to Italy in 1137 by the king together with "fratribus duobus Guarnero et Iohanni de Nantesburch"[551].  He succeeded in 1140 as OTTO Pfalzgraf von Lothringen.  He was strangled[552]

m ([1115]) as her second husband, GERTRUD von Northeim, widow of SIEGFRIED Graf von Orlamünde, daughter of HEINRICH "der Fette" Graf von Northeim & his wife Gertrud von Braunschweig (-[1154/65]).  The Annalista Saxo names "Richenzam postea inperaticem et Gertrudem palatinam comitissam" as the two daughters of Heinrich & his wife Gertrud[553].  No record has so far been found of her second marriage. 

Graf Otto & his wife had three children: 

1.             OTTO von Rheineck (-murdered [1148/49]).  The Annales Egmundani name "palatinus…comes Otto de Rineke" as son of "Ottonis et Gerthrudis comitissæ"[554].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Otto palatinus comes de Rinegh castellanus in Benthem sororius Theodrici comitis Hollandie" invaded Holland, and that "Otto de Bilke comes" was killed and "Otto palatinus" captured, in a later passage recording that he was released by the bishop [of Utrecht], donating his castle to "beato Martino", but was killed by "Hermanno comite de Stalik"[555]

2.             SOPHIE von Rheineck (-26 Sep 1176, bur Jerusalem, church of the Teutonic Knights).  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Dirk VI and "Sophiam filiam Ottonis de Rinegh comitis palatini"[556].  The Annales Egmundani name "palatinus…comes Otto de Rineke" as brother of "comitissæ Sophiæ Hollandensis"[557].  Heiress of Bentheim.  The Annales Egmundani record the visit to Jerusalem in 1173 of "Sophia comitissa Hollandensis et filio suo Ottone" and her death in 1176[558].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Sophia comitissa" visited Jerusalem after her husband died and died there "VI Kal Oct" and was buried "ad hospitale Teutonicorum in Iherusalem"[559].  Beke's Egmondsch Necrologium records the burial "VI Kal Oct" of "Sophia…mater Florencii comitis" at Jerusalem[560]m (before 1137) DIRK VI Count of Holland, son of FLORIS II "the Fat" Count of Holland & his wife Gertrude [Petronella] de Lorraine ([1114]-5 Aug 1157, bur Egmond)

3.             BEATRIX von Rheineck (-bur Loccum).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Anno Bishop of Minden confirmed the property of Loccum by undated charter which names “comes Wilbrandus de Halremunt…uxore sua Beatrice et tribus filiis Burchardo, Ludolfo, Wilbrando[561].  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum records that “mater comitis Ludolfi” was buried at Loccum[562]m WILBRAND Graf von Loccum und Hallermund, son of [BURCHARD [I] von Loccum & his wife ---] (-1167)

 

 

Chapter 15.  OTHER FRANCONIAN NOBILITY, Unallocated

1.             DIETRICH (-after 1155).  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property "loco predium de Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei", for the soul of "progenitoris mei Symonis", by charter dated 13 Jan 1143, which names "Theodericus…comes…cum uxore sua Adelheide et filio suo Gotefrido"[563].  "Theodericus lantgravius et comes Volmarus de Castelle" are named in another charter dated 1155 which confirmed the prior donation of "Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn[564]m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property "loco predium de Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei", for the soul of "progenitoris mei Symonis", by charter dated 13 Jan 1143, which names "Theodericus…comes…cum uxore sua Adelheide et filio suo Gotefrido"[565].  Graf Dietrich & his wife had one child: 

a)             GOTTFRIED (-after 13 Jan 1143).  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property "loco predium de Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei", for the soul of "progenitoris mei Symonis", by charter dated 13 Jan 1143, which names "Theodericus…comes…cum uxore sua Adelheide et filio suo Gotefrido"[566]

2.             [VOLMAR (-after 1155).  "Theodericus lantgravius et comes Volmarus de Castelle" are named in a charter dated 1155 which confirmed the prior donation of "Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn[567].  Graf von Castell.  The relationship between Dietrich and Volmar is not known, but it is assumed that they were from the same family, maybe brothers.] 

 

 

*************************
[1] Passio Kiliani Martyris Wirziburgensis 3, MGH SS rer. Merov. V, p. 723.
[2] Passio Kiliani Martyris Wirziburgensis 3, MGH SS rer. Merov. V, p. 723. 
[3] Passio Kiliani Martyris Wirziburgensis 14, MGH SS rer. Merov. V, p. 727. 
[4] Passio Kiliani Martyris Wirziburgensis 13 and 14, MGH SS rer. Merov. V, p. 727. 
[5] Passio Kiliani Martyris Wirziburgensis 14, MGH SS rer.
Merov. V, p. 727. 
[6] Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 55. 
[7] Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 60. 
[8] Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 55.  
[9] Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 55. 
[10] Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 60. 
[11] Mandatum de Saxonibus Obsidibus, MGH LL 1, p. 89. 
[12] D LD 114, p. 162. 
[13] D Karl 14, p. 21. 
[14] D LD 114, p. 162. 
[15] D Karl 14, p. 21. 
[16]
D LD 15, p. 17. 
[17] ES III 54. 
[18] Dronke, E. F. J. (ed.) (1850) Codex Diplomaticus Fuldensis (Cassel, reprint Aalen 1962) (“Fulda”), 388, p. 175. 
[19]
Fulda 389, p. 176. 
[20] Fulda 393, p. 178. 
[21] Fulda 465, p. 205. 
[22] Fulda 524, p. 231. 
[23] Fulda 512, p. 225. 
[24] Fulda 512, p. 225. 
[25] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 150. 
[26]
Annales Fuldenses, pars quinta 882, MGH SS I, p. 396. 
[27] Annales Fuldenses Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 880, MGH SS I, p. 393. 
[28] Annales Fuldenses, pars tertia 880, MGH SS I, p. 393. 
[29] Annales Fuldenses, pars quinta 882, MGH SS I, p. 396. 
[30] Annales Fuldenses Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 882, MGH SS I, p. 397. 
[31] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 883, MGH SS I, p. 399. 
[32] Fulda 611, p. 275. 
[33] D Arn 58, p. 82. 
[34] D Arn 83, p. 124. 
[35] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 892, MGH SS I, p. 408. 
[36] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 605. 
[37] D LK 46, p. 167. 
[38] Jackman (1997), p. 150. 
[39] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[40] D H I 4, p. 42. 
[41] D H I 6, p. 43. 
[42]
D O I 44, p. 129. 
[43] ES III 54. 
[44] Jackman (1997), p. 70, and
[45] Patze, H. (1962) Die Entstehung des Landesherrschaft in Thüringen, Mitteldeutsche Forschungen 22 (Köln-Graz), p. 103, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 157. 
[46] Jackman (1997), p. 157. 
[47] ES III 54. 
[48] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 882, MGH SS I, p. 397. 
[49] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 883, MGH SS I, p. 399. 
[50] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[51] Fulda 625, p. 284. 
[52] D Arn 19, p. 29. 
[53] Annales Fuldenses, pars quinta 882, MGH SS I, p. 396. 
[54] Annales Fuldensium Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 866, MGH SS I, p. 379. 
[55] Annales Fuldenses, pars tertia 866 and 871, MGH SS I, pp. 379 and 383. 
[56] Annales Fuldensium Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 880, MGH SS I, p. 394. 
[57] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 882, MGH SS I, p. 397. 
[58] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 883, MGH SS I, p. 399. 
[59] Abbonis Bella Parisiacæ Urbis II, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini IV.I, p. 98. 
[60] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 886, MGH SS I, p. 403. 
[61] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[62] Annalista Saxo 902. 
[63] Eckhardt, K. A. (1963) Genealogische Funde zur allgemeinen Geschichte (Witzenhausen), pp. 49-51, cited in Settipani, p. 418 footnote 110. 
[64] Annalista Saxo 902 and 907. 
[65] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[66] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Merseburg. 
[67] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press) 1.7. 
[68] Widukind 1.16, pp. 26-27, quoted in Thietmar, p. 71, footnote 20. 
[69] Annalista Saxo 902. 
[70] Reginonis Chronicon 897, MGH SS I, p. 607. 
[71] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[72] Reginonis Chronicon 903, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[73] Fulda 651, p. 300. 
[74] Annales Alamannicorum continuatio Sangallensis altera 903, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[75] Annales Laubacenses 907, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[76] Reuter, T. (1991) Germany in the early middle ages c.800-1056 (Longman), p. 131. 
[77] ES III 54. 
[78] D K I 9, p. 10. 
[79] D K I 11, p. 11. 
[80] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[81] D K I 36, p. 33. 
[82] D H I 2, p. 40. 
[83] D H I 14, p. 50. 
[84] D H I 36, p. 70. 
[85] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[86] ES III 54. 
[87] Reginonis Chronicon 897, MGH SS I, p. 607. 
[88] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[89] Annales Alamannicorum continuatio Sangallensis altera 900, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[90] Reginonis Chronicon 897, MGH SS I, p. 607. 
[91] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[92] Annales Alamannicorum continuatio Sangallensis altera 900, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[93] ES III 54. 
[94] Jackman (1997), pp. 69-71. 
[95] D O I 132, p. 212. 
[96] Jackman (1997), p. 69. 
[97] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[98] ES III 54. 
[99] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[100] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[101] Adnuntatio domni Karoli, MGH LL 1, p. 469. 
[102] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1. 
[103] Annales Weingartenses, Veterum Analectorum IV, p. 478. 
[104] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1. 
[105] Reginonis Chronicon 887, MGH SS I, p. 597. 
[106] D LK 68, p. 200. 
[107] D K I 2, p. 2. 
[108] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[109] D K I 9, p. 10. 
[110] D K I 10, p. 10. 
[111] D K I 11, p. 11. 
[112] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[113] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 913, MGH SS I, p. 56. 
[114] Reuter (1991), p. 131. 
[115] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 917, MGH SS I, p. 614. 
[116] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[117] Annales Sangallensis 913, MGH SS I, p. 77. 
[118] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 916, MGH SS I, p. 56. 
[119] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 913, MGH SS I, p. 56. 
[120] Reuter (1991), p. 136. 
[121] D K I 23, p. 22.  
[122] D K I 25, p. 24. 
[123] Karoli III et Heinrici I pactum ad Bonnam castrum, MGH LL 1, p. 567. 
[124] Reuter (1991), p. 135. 
[125] Jackman (1997), p. 72. 
[126] D Arn 89, p. 181. 
[127] D LK 72, p. 208. 
[128] Jackman (1997), p. 72. 
[129] Reginonis Chronicon 906, MGH SS I, p. 611. 
[130] D Arn 84, p. 125. 
[131] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 605. 
[132] Annalista Saxo 902. 
[133] Annales Alamannicorum continuatio Sangallensis altera 903, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[134] D LK 23, p. 128. 
[135] D LK 35, p. 149. 
[136] D LK 48, p. 171. 
[137] Reginonis Chronicon 906, MGH SS I, p. 611. 
[138] Reuter (1991), p. 131. 
[139] Reginonis Chronicon 906, MGH SS I, p. 611. 
[140] D K I 8, p. 9. 
[141] Jackman (1997), p. 152. 
[142] Jackman (1997), p. 152. 
[143] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses 957, MGH SS XIII, p. 198. 
[144] Reginonis Chronicon 906, MGH SS I, p. 611. 
[145] D LK 63, p. 192. 
[146] D LK 64, p. 193. 
[147] D LK 72, p. 208. 
[148] D LK 73, p. 210. 
[149] D LK 77, p. 214. 
[150] Annales Alemannici, MGH SS I, 55, quoted in Reuter (1991), p. 135. 
[151] Reuter (1991), p. 136. 
[152] Reuter (1991), p. 136. 
[153] Widukind I 25, cited in Reuter (1991), p. 137. 
[154] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[155] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 919, MGH SS I, p. 615. 
[156] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[157] Thietmar 1.8, p. 73. 
[158] Annalista Saxo 919. 
[159] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 913, MGH SS I, p. 56. 
[160] Reuter (1991), p. 136. 
[161] D K I 23, p. 22. 
[162] D K I 25, p. 24. 
[163] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 386. 
[164] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.24, MGH SS III, p. 428. 
[165] Thietmar 1.8, pp. 72-3. 
[166] D LK 77, p. 214. 
[167] D K I 5, p. 5. 
[168] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[169] D K I 23, p. 22. 
[170] D K I 28, p. 26. 
[171] D K I 36, p. 33. 
[172] Reuter (1991), p. 139. 
[173] D H I 2, p. 40. 
[174] Karoli III et Heinrici I pactum ad Bonnam castrum, MGH LL 1, p. 567. 
[175] Hill, B. H. (1972) Medieval Monarchy in Action: The German Empire from Henry I to Henry IV (London, George Allen and Unwin), p. 29. 
[176] Jackman (1997), p. 55, and Thietmar 2.34, p. 117. 
[177] Reginonis Chronicon, Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 939, MGH SS I, p. 618. 
[178] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[179] Jackman (1997), p. 88. 
[180] Jackman (1997), p. 87. 
[181] Settipani, C. 'Les origines maternelles du comte de Bourgogne Otte-Guillaume.  Nouvelle synthèse', Annales de Bourgogne, 66 (1994) 5-62, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 87. 
[182] D K I 8, p. 9. 
[183] D K I 13, p. 13. 
[184] Widukind I.22, MGH SS III, p. 427. 
[185] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[186] Annales Alamannicorum continuatio Sangallensis altera 900, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[187] ES I.1 8. 
[188] D LK 72, p. 208. 
[189] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ III.17, MGH SS III, p. 454. 
[190] D LK 54, p. 180. 
[191] D K I 2, p. 2. 
[192] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[193] D K I 11, p. 11. 
[194] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[195] D H I 2, p. 40. 
[196] D H I 34, p. 68. 
[197] D O I 23, p. 110. 
[198] D O I 28, p. 114. 
[199] D O I 31, p. 117. 
[200] D O I 47, p. 131. 
[201] D O I 51, p. 134. 
[202] D O I 71, p. 151. 
[203] D O I 85, p. 166. 
[204] D O I 95, p. 178. 
[205] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 948, MGH SS I, p. 620. 
[206] D O I 23, p. 110. 
[207] D O I 85, p. 166. 
[208] Jackman (1997), p. 38. 
[209] Jackman (1997), pp. 36 and 38. 
[210] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 948, MGH SS I, p. 620. 
[211] Thietmar 2.39, p. 120. 
[212] D O I 161, p. 242. 
[213] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[214] Birth date range estimated on the basis of his father's estimated birth date range. 
[214a] ES XII 95A.
[214b] Chronicon Ebersheimense 26, MGH SS XXIII, p. 444.
[214c] Annales Stadenses 1139, MGH SS XVI, p. 324.
[214d] Haverkamp, p. 107. 
[215] MGH Const. I, p. 639, discussed in Jackman (1997), p. 15. 
[216] D O I 9, p. 97. 
[217] D O I 10, p. 97. 
[218] D O I 96, p. 179. 
[219] Jackman (1997), pp. 62-5. 
[220] D O I 28, p. 114. 
[221] D O I 192, p. 273.   
[222] D O I 197, p. 277.   
[223] D O I 235, p. 322, and MGH Const. I, 10, p. 20.   
[224] Reginonis Chronicon 966, MGH SS I, p. 628. 
[225] Mariani Scotti Chronicon 966, MGH SS V, p. 554. 
[226] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[227] D O I 331-333, p. 445. 
[228] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ III.17, MGH SS III, p. 454, discussed in Jackman
1997), p. 64. 
[229] D O I 235, p. 322, and MGH Const.
I, 10, p. 20.   
[230] D O II 143, p. 160. 
[231] D O II 117, p. 131. 
[232] D O II 215, p. 242. 
[233] D O III 31, p. 430. 
[234] Jackman (1997), p. 65. 
[235] Jackman (1997), p. 64. 
[236] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[237] Reginonis Chronicon 906, MGH SS I, p. 611. 
[238] D LK 20, p. 125.  
[239] D LK 35, p. 149. 
[240] D LK 48, p. 171. 
[241] D LK 53, p. 178. 
[242] D LK 70, p. 205. 
[243] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 910, MGH SS I, p. 614. 
[244] Liber Memorialis folio 3v, quoted in Jackman (1997), p. 148 footnote 52. 
[245] Jackman (1997), pp. 147-8. 
[246] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 910, MGH SS I, p. 614. 
[247] D K I 24, p. 23. 
[248] Liudprandi Antapodosis IV.28, MGH SS III, p. 325. 
[249] D K I 19, p. 18. 
[250] D K I 24, p. 23. 
[251] D K I 32, p. 29. 
[252] D H I 2, p. 40. 
[253] D O I 95, p. 178. 
[254] Thietmar 2.34, p. 117. 
[255] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[256] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 949, MGH SS I, p. 620. 
[257] Birth date range estimated from her estimated marriage date. 
[258] Flodoard 946, MGH SS III, p. 393. 
[259] Jackman (1997), p. 38.  
[260] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ II.11, MGH SS III, p. 440. 
[261] MGH Const. I, p. 639, discussed in Jackman (1997), p. 15. 
[262] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 950, MGH SS I, p. 620. 
[263] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 910, MGH SS I, p. 614. 
[264] Reuter (1991), p. 142. 
[265] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 605. 
[266] Reginonis Chronicon 897, MGH SS I, p. 607. 
[267] Reginonis Chronicon 902, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[268] Reginonis Chronicon 903, MGH SS I, p. 610. 
[269] Annales Alammanicorum continuation Sangallensis altera 908, MGH SS I, p. 54. 
[270] Annalista Saxo 969. 
[271] Annalista Saxo 969. 
[272] D O I 235, p. 322, and MGH Const. I, 10, p. 20.   
[273] Annalista Saxo 1002. 
[274] Thietmar 3.20, p. 144. 
[275] Annales Einsidlenses 982 (983), MGH SS III, p. 143. 
[276] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[277] Thietmar 4.60, p. 194. 
[278] Thietmar 4.60, p. 194. 
[279] Thietmar 8.7 and 8.18, pp. 366 and 374. 
[280] Thietmar 7.49, p. 342, footnote 105 citing the necrology of Merseburg which records his death on 8 Nov. 
[281] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”, 204, p. 264, consulted at <http:/www.rlb.de/mrHist/> (12 Dec 2007). 
[282] D O III 95, p. 506. 
[283] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[284] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[285] Thietmar 5.24, p. 222. 
[286] MGH Const. I, p. 639, discussed in Jackman (1997), p. 15. 
[287] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[288] Thietmar 8.7 and 8.18, pp. 366 and 374. 
[289] Reuter (1991), p. 226. 
[290] D H III 74, p. 98, the introduction stating that Irmgard was widow of Otto von Hammerstein. 
[291] D H III 100, p. 127. 
[292] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[293] Thietmar 7.49, p. 342, footnote 105 citing the necrology of Merseburg which records his death on 8 Nov. 
[294] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[295] Thietmar 5.35 and 5.24 respectively. 
[296] ES III 54. 
[297] Thietmar 5.34, p. 228. 
[298] Birth date range estimated on the basis of his parents' estimated marriage date. 
[299] Stimmung, M. (ed.) (1932) Mainzer Urkundenbuch (Darmstadt), no. 553, cited in
Jackman (1997), pp. 21-2. 
[300] Stimmung, M. (ed.) (1932) Mainzer Urkundenbuch (Darmstadt), no. 553, cited in Jackman (1997), pp. 21-2. 
[301] Gestorum Abbatum Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia, I, 7, MGH SS X, p. 371. 
[302] Glöckner, K. (ed.) (1933) Codex Laureshamensis, Band II (Darmstadt) (“Lorsch”) 65, p. 94. 
[303] DD Kar. 1, 65, p. 94. 
[304] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 341. 
[305] Annalium Laureshamensium pars Altera 771, MGH SS I, p. 30. 
[306] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 350. 
[307] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 341 and 344. 
[308] DD Kar. 1, 65, p. 94. 
[309] Codex Laureshamensis II, 228, p. 31. 
[310] ES III 54. 
[311] Lorsch 65, p. 94. 
[312] DD Kar. 1, 65, p. 94. 
[313] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 355. 
[314] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 355. 
[315] ES II 10. 
[316] DD Kar. 1, 102, p. 146. 
[317] DD Kar. 1, 110, p. 155. 
[318] Einhardi Vita Karoli Imperatoris, MGH SS II, p. 463. 
[319] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 350. 
[320] Codex Laureshamensis II, 167, p. 3. 
[321] Codex Laureshamensis II, 168, p. 4. 
[322] Codex Laureshamensis II, 168, p. 4. 
[323] Einhardi Annales 807, MGH SS I, p. 194. 
[324] DD Kar. 1, 216, p. 288. 
[325] MGH Capitularia I, 151, p. 308. 
[326] Codex Laureshamensis II, 271, p. 49. 
[327] Codex Laureshamensis II, 271, p. 49. 
[328] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987,
ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 399, which does not cite the source reference. 
[329] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, pp. 604 and 605. 
[330] Settipani (1993), p. 399. 
[331] McKitterick, R. (1983) Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, London and New York), p. 266. 
[332] Settipani (1993), p. 400. 
[333] Adonis Continuatio Prima, Auctore Anonymo 866, MGH SS II, p. 324. 
[334] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 604. 
[335] Hludowici Germ. et Karoli II Pacto, Aquensis, MGH LL 1, p. 516. 
[336] Hludowici Germ. et Karoli II Pacto, Aquensis, MGH LL 1, p. 516. 
[337] Karoli II Imp. Conventus Carisiacensis, MGH LL 1, p. 537. 
[338] Abbonis Bella Parisiacæ Urbis I, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini IV.I, p. 92. 
[339] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 604. 
[340] Settipani (1993), p. 402. 
[341] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 604. 
[342] Jackman (1997), p. 40. 
[343] Jackman (1997), p. 123. 
[344] Saint-Phale, E. de 'Comtes de Troyes et de Poitiers au IX siècle, histoire d'un double échec', Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. and Settipani, C. (eds.) (2000) Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval (Prosopographica et Genealogica, Vol. 3), p. 156, citing Merlet, R. 'Les comtes de Chartres, de Blois, et de Châteaudun aux 9e et 10e siècles', Mémoires de la Société archéologique d'Eure et Loir, XII (1895/1900), pp. 64-7. 
[345] Settipani 1993, p. 402 footnote 18. 
[346] D LD 46, p. 62. 
[347] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 110, p. 115. 
[348] D LD 131, p. 152. 
[349] Settipani (1993), p. 402. 
[350] Jackman (1997), p. 40. 
[351] Ex Sigehardi Miraculis S. Maximini 8, MGH SS IV, p. 231. 
[352] D Arn 10, p. 18. 
[353] D Arn 58, p. 82. 
[354] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, pp. 604 and 605. 
[355] Annales Einsidlenses 991, MGH SS III, p. 144. 
[356] Wolfhardi, Miraculi Sanctæ Waldburgis III.5, MGH SS XV.I, p. 549. 
[357] Ex Sigehardi Miraculis S. Maximini 13, MGH SS IV, p. 232. 
[358] Settipani (1993), p. 402 footnote 18. 
[359] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 170, p. 234. 
[360] D O I 59, p. 141. 
[361] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses 957, MGH SS XIII, p. 198. 
[362] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 170, p. 234. 
[363] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 170, p. 234. 
[364] D O I 226, p. 310. 
[365] D O I 320, p. 434. 
[366] D O I 226, p. 310. 
[367] D O I 320, p. 434. 
[368] D O II 56, p. 66. 
[369] D O III 32, p. 430. 
[370] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 306. 
[371] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[372] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[373] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[374] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[375] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[376] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[377] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 306. 
[378] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[379] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 
[380] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 306. 
[381] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3 and 6, MGH SS XV.2, pp. 757 and 760. 
[382] D O I 320, p. 434. 
[383] D LK 51, p. 175. 
[384] Thietmar 2.10, p. 98. 
[385] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 943, MGH SS I, p. 619. 
[386] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ II.33, MGH SS III, p. 447. 
[387] D O I 70, p. 149. 
[388] D O I 71, p. 151. 
[389] Remling, F. X. (ed.) (1852) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Bischöfe zu Speyer (Mainz) (“Speyer Urkundenbuch“) 13, p. 11. 
[390] D O I 87, p. 169. 
[391] D O I 100, p. 182. 
[392] D O I 111, p. 194. 
[393] D O I 115, p. 197. 
[394] Thietmar 2.6 to 2.10, pp. 95-8. 
[395] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[396] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 
[397] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[398] D K II 204, p. 275. 
[399] Continuator Reginonis Trevirensis 947, MGH SS I, p. 620. 
[400] Annales Quedlinburgenses 946, MGH SS III, p. 56. 
[401] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ II.33, MGH SS III, p. 447. 
[402] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 
[403] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 
[404] D O I 178, p. 259. 
[405] Thietmar, p. 132, footnote 22. 
[406] Reuter (1991), p. 185. 
[407] D O III 411, p. 844. 
[408] Thietmar 5.25, p. 222. 
[409] Thietmar 5.24, p. 222. 
[410] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[411] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[412] D K II 204, p. 275. 
[413] Wegener, W. (1965/67) Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte (Verlag Degener), p. 79. 
[414] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[415] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[416] Vita Meinwerci Episcopi Paderbornensis 200, MGH SS XI, p. 154, the date "1025" is inserted in the margin. 
[417] D H III 168, p. 210. 
[418] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1024, MHG SS V, p. 120. 
[419] D K II 204, p. 275. 
[420] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[421] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[422] Thietmar 4.43, p. 182. 
[423] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[424] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[425] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[426] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[427] Thietmar 5.12, p. 213. 
[428] D K II 204, p. 275. 
[429] Chronicon Sancti Michælis, monasterii in pago Virdunensi 32, MGH SS IV, p. 84. 
[430] Alberti Miliolo Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus, De Gestis comitisse Matildis suorumque antecessorum CLXI, MGH SS XXXI, p. 435. 
[431] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[432] Poull, G. (1994) La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar (Presses Universitaires de Nancy), p. 23. 
[433] Fragmenta Libri Anniversariorum Einsiedlenses, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 212. 
[434] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[435] Reuter (1991), p. 188. 
[436] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1024, MHG SS V, p. 120. 
[437] Annales Colonienses 1007, MGH SS I, p. 99. 
[438] Annalista Saxo 1039. 
[439] ES I.1 12. 
[440] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1034, MHG SS V, p. 122. 
[441] Bernoldi Chronicon 1034, MGH SS V, p. 425. 
[442] Bernoldi Chronicon 1045, MGH SS V, p. 427. 
[443] ES I.2 201. She is not shown in ES I.1 12. 
[444] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 258. 
[445] Grote, H. (1877) Stammtafeln (reprint Leipzig, 1984), p. 485. According to ES I.1 12 Wilhelm was Archbishop of Mainz but he is not mentioned as such in Grote, p. 484. 
[446] Jackman (1997), p. 86. 
[447] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, pp. 327-8. 
[448] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 328. 
[449] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 328. 
[450] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 332. 
[451] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 328. 
[452] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 332. 
[453] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[454] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[455] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[456] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[457] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 
[458] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[459] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[460] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[461] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, pp. 330-1. 
[462] D H IV 186, p. 242. 
[463] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 372, p. 429. 
[464] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 82. 
[465] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[466] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 82. 
[467] D H IV 426, p. 571. 
[468] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[469] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 82. 
[470] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[471] Speyer Urkundenbuch 70, p. 89. 
[472] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 82. 
[473] Speyer Urkundenbuch 70, p. 89. 
[474] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[475] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[476] Speyer Urkundenbuch 70, p. 89. 
[477] Speyer Urkundenbuch 70, p. 89. 
[478] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 82, the date "1090" being inserted in the margin. 
[479] Speyer Urkundenbuch 70, p. 89. 
[480] Annales Spirenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 83. 
[481] Stumpf, K. F. (ed.) (1863) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Erzbisthums Mainz im zwölften Jahrhundert (Acta Maguntina Seculi XII) (Innsbruck) (“Mainz Urkunden 12th Century”), 41, p. 45. 
[482] MGH Const. Vol. I, 127, p. 181. 
[483] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[484] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[485] Nielen, M.-A. (ed.) (2003) Lignages d'Outremer (Paris), Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXX, p. 64. 
[486] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1893) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (Oeniponti), (Supplement) 841a, p. 56. 
[487] Röhricht 1036, p. 270. 
[488] Mas de Latrie, M. L. de (1855) Histoire de l´Ile de Chypre (Paris), Vol. 3, p. 644. 
[489] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[490] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[491] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[492] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[493] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[494] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[495] ES XI 119a. 
[496] (1849) Wirtembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band I c 700-1137 (Stuttgart, 1849, reprint 1972) (“Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I”) I, 291, p. 374. 
[497] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[498] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[499] Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 76. 
[500] ES XI 119a. 
[501] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[502] Annalista Saxo 1026. 
[503] Gesta Treverorum continuatio 18, MGH SS VIII, p. 192. 
[504] ES XI 119a. 
[505] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[506] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[507] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 39, p. 43. 
[508] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[509] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[510] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[511] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[512] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[513] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[514] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[515] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[516] Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein, Fontes rerum Germanicarum III, p. 327. 
[517] D O I 207, p. 285. 
[518] D O I 226, p. 310. 
[519] D O I 333, p. 447. 
[520] D O II 56, p. 66. 
[521] D O III 105, p. 516. 
[522] D O III 347, p. 776. 
[523] ES IV 23. 
[524] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 372, p. 429. 
[525] D H IV 274, p. 350. 
[526] D H IV 426, p. 571. 
[527] ES IV 23. 
[528] Gesta Friderici Imperatoris Ottonis Frisingensis I.13, MGH SS XX, p. 359. 
[529] ES IV 113. 
[530] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 372, p. 429. 
[531] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 24, p. 27. 
[532] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 28, p. 31. 
[533] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 39, p. 43. 
[534] Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) 1155, MGH SS XVII, p. 29. 
[535] Salzb. UB 3, p. 201 n 160, cited in Wegener (1965/67), p. 106. 
[536] Wegener (1965/67), p. 106. 
[537] Annales Wormatienses 1249, MGH SS XVII, p. 51. 
[538] ES IV 24, extant. 
[539] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1211, MGH SS XXIII, p. 893. 
[540] Poull, G. (1991) La Maison ducale de Lorraine (Presses universitaires de Nancy), p. 62. 
[541] Vitæ Odiliæ Liber III De Triumpho Sancti Lamberti in Steppes 1, MGH SS XXV, pp. 172-3. 
[542] Richeri Gesta Senoniensis Ecclesiæ IV, 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 312. 
[543] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1213, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899.  
[544] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 910. 
[545] Chronicon Ebersheimense 40, MGH SS XXIII, p. 444. 
[546] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1225, MGH SS XXIII, p. 916. 
[547] Annales Wormatienses 1249, MGH SS XVII, p. 51. 
[548] ES IV 24, extinct in the male line 1290. 
[549] Vanderkindere, A. (1902) La formation territoriale des principautés belges au moyen-âge (Brussels) Tome II, p. 233. 
[550] Annales Diibodi 1082, MGH SS XVI, p. 8. 
[551] Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi Trevirorum 15, MGH SS VIII, p. 251. 
[552] ES I.2 182. 
[553] Annalista Saxo 1101. 
[554] Annales Egmundani 1143, MGH SS XVI, p. 455. 
[555] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 54b, p. 109, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 
[556] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 52, p. 101. 
[557] Annales Egmundani 1143, MGH SS XVI, p. 455. 
[558] Annales Egmundani 1173 and 1176, MGH SS XVI, p. 468. 
[559] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 56, p. 117. 
[560] Beka's Egmondsch Necrologium, in Oppermann, O. (1933) Fontes Egmundenses (Utrecht), p. 109. 
[561] Hodenberg, W. von (ed.) (1858) Calenberger Urkundenbuch, Dritte Abtheilung (Stift Loccum) (Hannover) (“Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum)”) 8, p. 7. 
[562] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 
[563] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
[564] Speyer Urkundenbuch 93, p. 103. 
[565] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
[566] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
[567] Speyer Urkundenbuch 93, p. 103. 

 

 

 

 

 

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