Nicaraguan land was inhabitated during
Pre-Colombian times by many indigenous peoples such as the Nicaraos,
Chorotegas, Chontales and Miskitos. Christopher Columbus was the first
European who stepped on Nicaraguan land during his fourth and last
journey to America. Afterwards many Spanish conquerors settled on these
lands. Hernandez de Cordoba from whom the currency is named, discovered
Lake Nicaragua and founded the cities of Granada and Leon.
In 1625 the English arrived to Nicaragua and
declared it a British Protectorate called the Mosquito Kingdom which
extended from Belize to the San Juan River. The British stayed until 1894 in
the large Atlantic Coast region of the country. Nicaragua belonged to the Spanish-Mexican
Royalty and later
to the Federation of Central American United Provinces which received
independence from Spain in 1821.
The Marimba is the national instrument.
is constructed with hardwood plates, placed over bamboo or metal tubes
of different lengths. It is played with 2 or 4 soft hammers.
It is usually
played along with guitars and some percussion instruments.
Band in San Juan de
Oriente.Picture provided by Jennifer Herrin
On the Caribbean coast you will find a
different kind of music due to the African influence. The rhythms are
intensive, frantic and very sensual. The best time to enjoy
this music is during
the "Palo de Mayo" Festival in May.
There is an immense indigenous theatrical
heritage. Indigenous people used to have theatrical manifestations
accompanied with beautiful music and dances. Most important are
the Elegant Knights of the Huaco Bull and The Gueguense. These
representations are in most cases associated with the religious
festivals and celebrations.
Carlos Mejia Godoy has also composed many
of the most famous Nicaraguan songs in almost any Nicaraguan music album
along with his brother Enrique. They run their own establishment in
Managua's Entertainment district where you can enjoy their music and poetry.
Other composers, groups and performers enrich our musical tradition and culture
such us Camilo Zapata, Dimension Costeņa group, Luis Enrique "The
Salsa Prince", Salvador Cardenal, Katia Cardenal, Lia Barrios and
many other great artists. You can find their albums at most music
Maybe the most famous
celebrity in the Nicaraguan Literature world, is the poet Ruben Dario
(1867-1916). He is considered the father of the modernist movement.
"Blue Work, 1888" is considered to have settled the basis of this
style and which is expressed in the work "Profane, Proses
1896". Modernism was a movement against Romanticism. It
uses complex, rich vocabulary and forms.
Ruben Dario was born in
Metapa, also called Dario city, 40 km away from Matagalpa.
His name was Felix Ruben Garcia Sarmiento. After living in
Chile, Argentina and Spain, he came back to die in his beloved Nicaragua
and his tomb is beneath the arches of the Leon Cathedral.
A new movement called Vanguard
appeared in the middle of the twentieth
century, it has its center
of activities in Granada. Its work was intended to reasearch the
Nicaraguan national and cultural identity. Some of the most important
authors are Ernesto Cardenal, Carlos Martinez Rivas, and Ernesto Mejia
Sanchez. Many other authors enrich our literature nowadays.
Ruben Dario poet
For more information about
Nicaragua, contact us at [email protected]