Our agriculture provides 34 percent of Nicaragua's GDP, the highest in Central America. Production fell during Sandinistas rule (1979-1990), because of both government policies and civil conflict. Efforts at land reform improved the life of some rural residents, but food production declined in the late 1980s, as did the output of cotton, sugar, and other exports crops.

Recovery has been slow in the 1990s. Coffee is a major cash crop, with production totaling 65, 780 metric tons of raw beans in 1998. Cereal grains such as corn, rice, and sorghum are other important crops, with 740,075 metric tons harvested in 1998. Sesame production has increased in recent years, and cotton production has begun to recover. From 1995 to 1996 bean and rice production suffered from floods, and production of chickens and pigs declined. Cattle production, while increasing, remains below 1970s levels. Most coffee, cotton, and sesame is exported, along with part of banana, sugar, meat, and tobacco production. Cattle, banana, and sugar exports remain the levels of the 1970s.

For more information about Nicaragua, contact us at [email protected]

Hosted by