Radjard Kipling  rođen:  31.12. 1865 Bombaj     

(Rudyard  Joseph Kipling)


umro :   18.01.1936 London


Britanski romanopisac rođen u Indiji,pisac kratkih priča i pesnik.


Sin je kustosa muzeja,odrastao u Engleskoj,ali se vratio u Indiju kao novinar.Uskoro je postao poznat po tomovima pripovetaka počevši sa:Obične priče sa brda (1888),uključujuči  "Čovek koji je hteo da bude kralj")a kasnije po zbirci poezije Balade iz kasarne (uključujući Gunga Dina i Mandalaj).Njegove pesme , često snažnog ritma naješće su narativne balade.Za vreme boravka u Sjedinjenim  državama objavio je roman "Svetlost se ugasila" (1890),dva dela Knjige o džungli(1894,1895),priče o divljem  dečaku Moglju u indijskoj  džungli koja je postala klasično delo dečije književnosti;pustolovnu priču Habri kapetani (1897) i Kim (1901) jedan od velikih romana o Indiji.Napisao je i šest drugih tomova kratkih priča i nekoliko zbirka stihova.U njegove knjige yza decu spada i čuvena knjiga Izistinske priče(1902) i zbirka bajki Vilenjak sa brda Puk(1906)Dobio je Nobelovu nagradu za knjizevnost 1907 godine.Njegova pesma Ako ("If")proglašena je za najlepšu pesmu na svetu.


Ako možeš da vidiš uništeno delo svog života,
i bez jedne reči da ga ponovo gradiš
ili bez uzdaha ili protesta podneseš
gubitak onoga što si dugo tekao.

Ako možeš da budeš zaljubljen,
ali ne lud od ljubavi,
ako možeš da budeš jak,
da ipak ostaneš nežan,
da ne mrziš one koji tebe mrze,
a da se ipak boriš i braniš.

Ako možeš da slušaš kako,
tvoje reći izvrču nevaljalci,
da razdraže glupake
i da cuješ kako luda usta o tebi lažu,
a da sam ne kažeš ni jedne laži.

Ako možeš da saćuvaš,
dostojanstvo i glavu
ako možeš da budeš skroman,
iako si savetodavac kraljeva

Ako možeš da volis,
svoje prijatelje kao bracu,
a da ti ni jedan ne bude sve i sva.

Ako znaš da razmišljaš,
da posmatraš i upoznješ,
a da nikad ne postanes skeptik i rušilac.

Ako možeš da sanjariš,
a da ti san ne bude gospodar,
da misliš,a da ne budeš samo maštalo,
ako možeš da budeš čvrst,ali nikad divalj,

Ako možeš da budeš dobar,
ako možeš da budeš pametan,
a da nisi čistunac ni sitnicar

Ako možeš da zadobiješ pobedu nakon poraza
a da te dve varke pojednako primiš
Ako možeš da sačuvaš hrabrost i glavu,
kada je svi drugu izgube.

Tada će bogovi sreća i pobeda
biti zauvek tvoji poslušni robovi
i ono što više vredi,
nego svi kraljevi i slava
bićeš čovek.


If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or, being hated, don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise;

If you can dream - and not make dreams your master;
If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with triumph and disaster
And treat those two imposters just the same;
If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to broken,
And stoop and build 'em up with wornout tools;

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
And never breath a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on";

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with kings - nor lose the common touch;
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you;
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds' worth of distance run -
Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it,
And - which is more - you'll be a Man my son!

Rudyard Kipling, (1865-1936), English short-story writer, novelist and poet, remembered for his celebration of British imperialism and heroism in India and Burma. Kipling's glorification of the British Empire and racial prejudices, stated in his poem "The White Man's Burden" (1899), has repelled many readers. However he sounded a note of uncharacteristic humility and caution in "The Recessional" (1897).
Kipling was the first Englishman to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (1907). His most popular works include The Jungle Book (1894) and the Just So Stories (1902), both children's classics though they have attracted adult audiences also.
Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay, India, where his father was an arts and crafts teacher at the Jeejeebhoy School of Art. His mother was a sister-in-law of the painter Edward Burne-Jones. At the age of six he was taken to England by his parents and left for five years at a foster home at Southsea. His unhappiness at the unkind treatment he received was later expressed in the short story "Baa Baa, Black Sheep", in the novel The Light That Failed (1890), and in his autobiography (1937).
In 1878 Kipling entered United Services College, a boarding school in North Devon. It was an expensive institution that specialized in training for entry into military academies. His poor eyesight and mediocre results as a student ended his hopes for a military career. However, Kipling recalled these years in a lighter tone in one of his most popular books, Stalky & Co (1899). Kipling returned to India in 1882, where he worked as a journalist in Lahore for the Civil and Military Gazette (1882-87) and as an assistant editor and overseas correspondent in Allahabad for the Pioneer (1887-89). The stories written during his last two years in India were collected in The Phantom Rickshaw. (1888)
Kipling's short stories and verses gained success in the late 1880s in England, to which he returned in 1889, and was hailed as a literary heir to Charles Dickens. Between the years 1889 and 1892, Kipling lived in London and published Life's Handicap (1891), a collection of Indian stories and Barrack-Room Ballads, a collection of poems that included "Gunga Din". 1892 Kipling married Caroline Starr Balestier, with whom he collaborated on a novel, The Naulakha(1892). The young couple moved to the United States. Kipling was dissatisfied with the life in Vermont, and after the death of his daughter, he took his family back to England and settled in Burwash, Sussex. Kipling's marriage was not in all respects happy. During these restless years Kipling produced Many Inventions (1893), The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Jungle Book (1895), The Seven Seas (1896) and Captains Courageous(1897)
Widely regarded as unofficial poet laureate, Kipling refused this and many honors, among them the Order of Merit. During the Boer War in 1899 Kipling spent several months in South Africa. In 1902 he moved to Sussex, also spending time in South Africa. Kim, widely considered Kipling's best novel appeared in 1901. The story, set in India, depicted the adventures of an orphaned son of a sergeant in an Irish regiment. The children's historical work Puck of Pook's Hill appeared in 1906 and its sequel Rewards and Fairies in 1910.
Soon after Kipling had received the Nobel Prize, his output of fiction and poems began to decline. His son was killed in the World War I, and in 1923 Kipling published The Irish Guards In The Great War , a history of his son's regiment. Kipling died on January 18, 1936 in London, and was buried in Poet's Corner at Westminster Abbey. His autobiography, Something Of Myself, appeared posthumously in 1937.

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