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        University of Michigan

      National Center for Postsecondary Improvement

        Project 5.3 on Student Learning and Assessment


                    A Checklist for Interview Researcher





Logistic Considerations



Developing an Interview Protocol



           Key informants: people who are experts in an area, or

                                       People who are key witnesses to an event

            Sample of representatives: selection of people from a population

            Convenience sampling: selection respondents because they are what we can get

                        Be prepared to explain to potential respondents about the study

Consider various recruiting strategies: phone calls, email, formal letter, or a combination of these

Some kinds of sponsorship may be needed in some cases in order to approach a potential respondent.



                        Introduce yourself and your project to the respondent   

                        Ask the respondent for permission of taping

                        Ask the respondent to sign the consent form, explain to her/him if necessary


                        Learning interview by doing (Here some tips in interviewing)


Data Analysis

Coding: link what a respondent says to the concepts and categories of the study.

Sorting: organizing excerpts of interview according to concepts and categories

Integration: Making sense of the sorted interview data

Case-Focused Analysis

                        The focus is to construct a clear story of a specific case


Report Writing

References for Interview Method


            Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research design: Qualitative & quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

            Krathwohl, D. R. (1998). Methods of educational & social science research: An integrated approach (2nd ed.). New York: Longman.

            Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, CA:     

                    Sage Publications.

            Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd 

                    ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

            Weiss, R. S. (1994). Learning from strangers: The art and method of qualitative interview studies. New York: Free Press.



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