Parliamentary Procedure

All delegates are expected to respect the chair and the other delegates to the conference. At any time the chair asks for decorum, the delegates should stop talking and listen to the speaker.

At no time should you attack another nation.

Keep in mind that you are not representing your own interests. Any time that you are speaking you should address yourself as your country, not as yourself.

Opening of the Conference
The chair will call the conference to order and ask for a roll call attendance of all nations. Nations may say they are �present� or �present and voting.� All present and voting members must cast votes on all working papers. Any nation that announces they are �present� has the option to abstain during a vote on a working paper.

Any delegation that arrives late must submit their attendance to the chair in writing.

Adoption of Agenda
After attendance, the chair will open the of speaker�s list on what which topics will be discussed first. A speaker's list will be created. If exhausted or closed, the chair will recognize all delegates who wish to propose an agenda If all proposals fail, debate will revert to the speaker�s list, or the chair will set agenda. Voting procedures are the same as for resolutions, with the exception of the withdrawal of veto power

Formal Debate (Speaker�s List)
During formal debate, no delegation can address the committee without the permission of the chair Members will be added to the speaker�s list by the raising of placards at the introduction of the motion�afterwards by writing. Speaker�s List is assumed to be 1 minute unless otherwise motioned, number of questions is assumed to be 2 unless otherwise motioned If working papers have been introduced and the speaker�s list is exhausted and no motions are on the floor the body immediately moves into voting procedures.

Yielding of Time
Delegations may yield their time in 3 ways:
- To any delegation in the committee�that delegation is unable further allowed to yield the time
- To questions�combined question & answer time cannot exceed maximum time allowed
- To the chair�no questions or comments can follow

Point of Order
Delegations can rise to a point of order during any time during debate. Points of order will be immediately decided by the chair. Points of order only pertain to the observance of rules. The chair may refuse a point of order if the delegation has not shown proper restraint and decorum. Delegations may appeal the chair�s decision by writing.

Point of Personal Privilege
A delegation can arise to a point of personal privilege at any time, including to interrupt a speaker. Points of personal privilege must pertain to personal comfort (e.g. cannot hear, too hot, etc). The chair will immediately rule on the point. The chair has the discretion to suspend points of personal privilege if decorum is not being following by the delegation.

Point of Parliamentary Inquiry
A delegation may rise to this point if not delegations have the floor. It is a request for clarification of the present procedural status of a meeting. It cannot be about substantive debate.

Changes to Speaking Times
Upon the recommendation of the chair or any delegation, the committee will change the amount of time allowed to each speaker. This will require the consent of the chair and a majority decision.

Closure of the Speaker�s List
During the course of debate, the majority of the delegations can declare the list closed upon the request of the chair or any delegation. Closure of the speakers� list requires 2/3 in favor. Two-thirds in favor is also required to reopen the speakers� list. Once the speakers� list is closed, no new speakers can be added to the list.

Informal Debate (Moderated Caucus)
Upon the recommendation of the chair of any delegation, the committee can enter a moderated caucus. The recommendation must include a time limit for remarks and a time limit for the committee to remain in moderated caucus. This requires a majority decision. During a moderated caucus the chair will recognize delegations for remarks and all yields will be out of order.

Right of Reply
The chair will grant the right of reply only in instances of grave personal insult. A delegation may only submit rights of reply in writing to the chair. The chair�s ruling is not subject to appeal. If it is granted, the chair will recognize the delegation wishing to reply. Any right of reply cannot exceed one minute and all yields will be out of order.

Suspension of Debate (Unmoderated Caucus)
During formal debate, a delegation can move for the suspension of debate (an unmoderated caucus), specifying a time for reconvening. This requires a majority decision. The chair can rule a move for the suspension of debate out of order at his or her discretion.

Recess and Adjournment of Meeting
During formal debate a delegation can move for a recess of the meeting. This requires a 2/3 majority in favor to pass. After recess, the committee will reconvene at its next regularly scheduled meeting time. Recess of the final meeting is known as adjournment and will result in the final adjournment of debate in committee. All motions to recess must first be approved by the chair before being put to a vote.

Motion to Table
During formal debate, a delegation can move to table a topic or working paper being discussed. If the topic is tabled it is considred dismissed and no further action will be taken regarding it. In addition to the author of the motion, one delegation will speak in favor and two against the motion, after which the motion will immediately be put to a vote. A 2/3 majority is required for passage. A debate topic can be removed from the table by a 2/3 majority vote of the committee using the same procedures.

Closure of Debate
During formal debate, a delegation can move for the closure of debate on the topic under discussion. Permission to speak on the closure of debate will be granted to two speakers�1 for and 1 against. Speaking time is not to exceed 1 minute, after which time the motion will immediately be put to a vote. If 2/3 of the committee vote in favor of the motion the chair will declare the closure of debate and immediately move to voting procedures for all working papers under this agenda item.

Drafting of Proposals
All proposals will be drafted after the commencement of the first committee session. No previously drafted proposals can be submitted or debate by the committee. Delegates may work on proposals at any time the committee is in session.

Submission of Proposals
Resolutions and amendments will be submitted to the chair in writing. The chair can permit discussion and consideration of proposals and amendments, even though such substantive matters have not been circulated through the committee. All resolutions must be written in the correct format, with pre-ambulatory and operative clauses. Resolutions must have an equal amount or more operative clauses than pre-ambulatory clauses. For more information about resolution-writing visit our guide.

Introducing a Working Paper
After the chair has approved of a working paper, he will notify its sponsors that it may be introduced at any time in its present form. Introduction of a working paper may only happen during formal debate (the speaker�s list). If the motion is accepted by the chair the committee immediately goes into introduction procedures. The sponsors of the working paper come forward and read their working paper. Following the reading they will have 5 minutes to talk and answer questions about the resolution. At any time they may yield their time to the chair and the committee will move forward.

Sponsors & Signatories of Proposals
In order for a proposal to be approved by the chair, it must have at least two sponsors. A resolution must have at least 2 sponsors and 3 signatories. By sponsoring a working paper a delegation is announcing their support for it, and when it comes to a vote must vote for it. A signatory nation simply agrees to put the proposal on the floor. It is not necessarily a statement of support.

Withdrawal of Sponsorship
A delegation may withdraw sponsorship of a proposal at any time before voting has commenced. The member must submit this withdrawal in writing to the chair. If sponsorship falls below the required amount, the proposal will be considered withdrawn from debate. A proposal that is withdrawn can be reintroduced by re-attaining the mandatory 2 sponsors & 3 signatories. Sponsors are also considered signatories.

Reconsideration of Proposals
When a proposal has been adopted or rejected, it cannot be reconsidered during the same session unless the committee, by a 2/3 vote, decides to do so. Permission to speak on a motion to reconsider will be granted only to two speakers opposing the motion, after which the motion will immediately be put to a vote.

Voting Rights
Each delegation will have one vote. If nation has announced they are present and voting they must vote on all working papers. If not, they may abstain. If, during a roll call vote, a country votes �with rights,� it has the option to speak (for a period to be determined by the chair) at the end of the vote and all nations are given the option to change their vote.

Method of Voting
The committee will vote by a show of placards, but any representative can request a roll call vote. A roll call vote may also be taken at the discretion of the chair. The roll call vote will be taken in alphabetical order of the names of the delegations.

Veto Power
The permanent five (P5) members of the Security Council have veto power over all working papers. If they vote �no� to any proposal it is defeated.

Division of a Proposal
A delegation can motion to divide the question during voting procedures. This is the only procedural motion during voting procedures that the chair will entertain. If an objection is made to the request two speakers will speak in favor and two will speak against. The chair will set the speaking time. It requires a simply majority to pass.

If the motion passes the chair will call for a roll-call vote on each operative clause of the working paper. The clauses are not debatable. The clauses that pass will be the body of the resolution.

An amendment adds to, deletes, or revises parts of the operate clauses in a proposal. Amendments must be submitted to the chair in writing at any time before voting procedures begin on the writing paper. The chair will introduce the amendment at the appropriate time. Pre-ambulatory clauses cannot be amended. Amendments can be friendly and unfriendly.

An amendment is considered friendly if all of the sponsors agree to the amendment. Such an amendment is adopted automatically.

An amendment is considered unfriendly if any of the sponsors disagrees to it. After it is submitted to the chair and accepted, a delegate may motion to amend the working paper. The sponsor of the amendment will come forward and read the amendment, speak for it, and answer questions in a period of 2 minutes. At any time the sponsor may yield his or her time to the chair. At the end of the introduction the amendment will be immediately voted on. Unfriendly amendments require a simple majority to pass.

Voting Procedures
At the end of formal debate, the body will enter into voting procedures. Each resolution will be considered in the order in which they were submitted.

A delegate may motion to change the order immediately after voting procedures have begun. The motion must propose a new ordering. The chair will entertain one speaker in favor and one against, and this requires a majority vote to pass.

Each working paper that is considered will require two speakers for and against it. The speaking time is automatically set to 1 minute. Any question will be ruled out of order. After the speaking time a roll-call vote will be taken. Working papers, unless they are designated an important question, require a simply majority in order to pass. A delegate may vote in favor, in favor with rights, against, against with rights, abstain*, or pass. A nation which passes will be re-called after all other nations have voted. If a nation votes with rights he or she will be given a time period (to be determined at the chair�s discretion) to explain their vote. Following all the speaking time for all nations that have voted with rights the chair will ask if any nation would like to chair his or her vote.

*Only countries which have voted simply �present� may abstain.

Designation of Important Question
Once in voting procedures, a delegation can motion to designate a resolution as an important question if the resolution under debate is of vital importance, as stated in the United Nations Charter. Nations who wish to make this motion must be able to quote from the UN Charter in order to make his or her case. The chair will take a procedural vote as to whether the working paper should be considered an important question. This requires a simple majority. If it passes, the chair will take a substantive vote on whether to accept the resolution as an important question. This requires a 2/3 majority in favor in order to pass.

Any delegation can appeal a decision of the chair except when pertaining to roll call votes or rights of reply. The motion is debated in favor by the delegation who proposed the appealing the chair, and the chair will speak to uphold the decision. Each speaker is given one minute. The appeal is immediately put to a vote. Unanimous consent of all delegations is required to overrule the decision of the chair.

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