The Time when the Mahdi will Emerge

Taken from: 

Reported from Enes Malik; The life of this world will be seven days in the days of the Hereafter. Allah, the Exalted, said, "One day is like a thousand years in the sight of your lord"

From Enes b. Malik; the Messenger of Allah said" "For the one who meets a need for a co-religionist on the way to Allah, Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified, rewards him merits during the 7000 year life of this world as if he had spent his days fasting and nights worshipping.

Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman, 88

The Messenger of Allah used similes while telling about matters relating to the past, future and the life of the hereafter.

The purpose of the "7000 years" is not that the real life of the world is 7000 years. At that time, the narrations relating to "7000 years" may be based on an important event in the history of mankind such as a beginning of a calendar, for example, based on the time when people adopted settled-life and re-beginning of life on earth with a clear direction after the Flood. In other words, as if the history of mankind had been considered to have almost restarted as from that date, the years might have started increasing from 0.

Some doctors of Muslim Theology named the period after Noah as the re-beginning of the history of mankind in the World. Just as the Christians assume that an important event occurred 2000 years ago pertaining to the Christian era, and determine the time by saying before and after that time regarding it as a beginning, it may indicate a calendar 7000 years before and after a specific point in time in the history of mankind to determine the time. In other words, if the life of the world were 7000 years, and if one said that we are living on this or that date, then a specific timing is being made. Imam Rabbani reported the following narration in 'Mektubat':

Approximately 124,000 prophets have come and gone. (Mektubat-i Rabbani, 1/354)

As from Adam, a total of 124,000 prophets had passed until our Prophet Muhammad. According to another narration, Imam-i Rabbani said:

The time when "1000 years" have passed is the time when a prophet highest in rank comes in the past communities... (Mektubat-i Rabbani, 1/495)

Normally, there came a prophet every 100 years, as from Adam until our Prophet Muhammad a total of: 124,000 x 100 = 12,400,000 years have passed.

Therefore, by saying '7000 years', our Prophet did not mean the real life of the world but the beginning of an important event in the history of mankind. (Allahu alim)

Ahmet Ini Hanbel's narration:

5,600 years have passed on earth. (Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman, 89)

We have seen that the hadiths mentioned above indicated that the life of the world is 7000 years. Here, it is indicated that 5,600 years had passed until our Prophet. According to the above narration, the life of the People is until the year 1400 according to the Muslim Calendar. (7000 - 5600 = 1400) (Allahu alim) 

Narrated from Abdullah: The Messenger of Allah said: "A man whose name is like my name from the Family of my House will govern... Even if there remained only one day left in the world, Allah, the Exalted, will prolong that day until he governs. (Tirmizi)

As narrated from Ali, the Messenger of Allah said: Even if there only remains but one day left in the world, Allah, the Exalted , will send a man from the Family of my house." (Abu Dawud)

Ibn-i Mace and Abu Naim narrated from Abu Hurayrah; the Messenger of Allah said: "IF it were the last day of life, Allah will prolong that day until he sends a man from the Family of my House"

Kitab-ul Burhan Fi Alameti-il Mehdiyy-il Muntazar, 10

El-Kavlu-l Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyy-il Muntazar, 27

Olum-Kiyamet -Ahiret ve ahir Zaman Alamtleri (Death, Judgment Day and Resurrection), p. 437

As far as we understand from the narrations and conditions above, the year 1400 according to the Muslim Calendar is also the year when the Mahdi will emerge. Even if there only remains 1 day(!) to the year 1400 according to the Muslim Calendar, the Judgment Day will be delayed to let the Mahdi perform his mission. (Allahu alim)

There is a narration correctly conveyed from Ibni Abbas; He said that, "The life of the Earth is 7 days, one day is like 1000 years and the Messenger of Allah was sent by the end of it." 

Narrated fromDakkak b. Zeyd-u Cuheni:

I told a dream I had had to the Messenger of Allah. Our Prophet was on the top step of a 7-step pulpit. He said, "The 7-step pulpit represents the 7000 years that is the life of the world. And I will be in the last 1000 of it."

As far as we understand from the narrations above, the life of the people is until the year 1400 according to the Muslim Calendar. In the year 1400 according to the Muslim Calendar, that 1 day (that = to 1000 years) will have ended. Whereas, the people were waiting for the Mahdi to emerge on that day. Then, that day (of 1000 years) will be prolonged to allow the Mahdi to perform his mission.

Imam Rabbani reported that the Mahdi would come in the second 1000 years after 1000 years had passed upon the death of our prophet.

However, what is expected is that; after 1000 years have passed, this hidden state will be renewed. He will be given superiority to find water... Thus, the essential virtues will befall and cover his abasement. And let the Mahdi come.

May Allah be pleased with him.

Mektubat-i Rabbani, 1/569

The Islamic Law's strengthening merits, its renewing the people will be in this second 1000. The evidence for the truth of this proposition is that Jesus and the Mahdi will exist in that 1000.

The ones who are from the community of the Messenger of Allah are highly dignified. In other words, it does not matter if the number of them is too low after 1000 years have passed upon the death of the Messenger of Allah. The reason why they are so dignified is that, the reinforcement of  the Islamic Law will be complete. And the reason why the Mahdi will come after 1000 years have passed is this. His blessed coming was heralded by the last Messenger of Allah. Also Jesus will descend after 1000 years have passed.

Mektubat-i Rabbani 1/440

The second 1000 years starts after 1000 years have passed upon the death of our Prophet. According to the explanations of Imam-i Rabbani, the Mahdi will come within the second 1000 years. The most suitable time for that is between 1400 and 1600. These years are the middle of the second 1000 years. Between 1400 and 1500 (according to the Muslim Calendar) Islam's domination will be expected and between 1500 and 1600 corruption and the Judgment Day will be expected.

The life of the people will exceed 1000 years, but not exceed 1500 years.

Signs of the Judgment Day, 299

Beddiuzaman Said Nursi quoted from Celaleddin Suyuti's book titled "El-Kesfu Fi Mucazeveti Hazin el-Ummeti El Elfe Ellezi Dellet Aleyh el-Asar" that the life of the people would be until the year 1506.

"...The first sentence indicates with the figure 1500 the final times of a group of fighters of Islam in the end of time; and the second sentence indicates with a figure 1506 the date of the victorious fighting for Islam."

(...) it implies that it will continue apparently and evidently and perhaps victoriously until this date (i.e. 1506)"

Sikke-i Tasdik-i Gaybi, 46

Some doctors of Muslim theology, including Imam Suyuti say that the life of the people will continue until the year 1500 (according to the Muslim calendar) and that then corruption will start.

According to the hadiths, the Mahdi will live 40 years after emerging. And in the hadiths regarding Jesus, he will stay on earth for about 40-45 years. The Mahdi and Jesus will live together in some portion of that period of time, and it is about 7-10 years. According to the above information after the death of the Mahdi and Jesus the year will be around 1475-1480. For 20-25 years as from these years to 1500, the people will try to maintain the situation.

The following narration informs that the Mahdi will emerge by the beginning of the century:

"Because he (the Mahdi) will come by the beginnings of the centuries." Mektubat-i Rabbani

As explained above, according to the narration from Imam Suyuti, the life of the Muslims will not exceed 1500 years. Only one beginning of a century has remained to the year 1500: that is the beginning of the 1400s according to the Muslim Calendar.

The Messenger of Allah said: "The Day of Judgment will not come unless 100 years through which Allah is not worshipped have passed on earth." (Al-Burhan fi Aamat al-Mahdi Akhir a-Zaman, 92)

After a prosperous century has passed upon the signs mentioned in the above narrations, and after a period of approximately 100 years during which cruelty and blasphemy will dominate, the Judgment Day will be expected.

The calculation done above will only be verified if the Mahdi emerges by the beginning of the 15th century according to the Muslim Calendar. Since the life of the people will not exceed 1500 according to the Muslim Calendar, the Mahdi should come by the beginning of 1400s according to the Muslim Calendar.

El-Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyy-il Muntazar

Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman

Olum-Kiyament-Ahiret ve Ahirzaman Alametleri, 494

Ramuz: El-Ahadis 508 (Ibni Mace-Tabaranai 'nin Kebiri)

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Note: The life of the world also could simply be the life before the end of time, and according to the above, this life ended in 1400, and thus the end of time had begun. If the death of 'Eessa is expected between 1475-1480, then that means his descent would be either 1475 - 40 = 1435 or 1480 - 40 = 1440, placing his descent within the next 11-16 years from now, meaning the Mahdi could emerge no later than 1433 and perhaps no earlier than the end of 1424 or 1425 (since 'Eessa's death could be no earlier than 1472). What needs to be kept in mind is that the Mahdi doesn't remain on Earth for 40 years after his emergence, rather, he will be 40 years of age when he does emerge, and his rule would be from 7-9 years. The Muslim calendar is a lunar one, and therefore 'new moon = new month' and is only 454 days long, it has 12 months in a year, and the months tend to be 30 days long (sometimes 29). Since the Dajjal emerges in the 7th year of the Mahdi's rule, and he remains for 40 days, the length of which is 428 days (one day is like a year, the other a month, the other a week, and the rest like regular days), and on the 40th day, 'Eessa descends, then this would mean 'Eessa would descend on the 8th or 9th year of the Mahdi's period on Earth (if you consider the 40 days to be 428 days) or the 7th year (if you consider the 40 days to be 40 days).

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