ADDENDA

afrohondureño: m. Afro-Honduran (Garifunas or Black Caribs and English-speaking blacks). Variant afro-hondureño.

albardón: m. rural mat (specif. one made of dried plantain rinds that is placed between the saddlecloth and the packsaddle on beasts of burden). Cf. APAREJO, PELERO.

alegrón de burro: m. a sudden, brief moment of joy, happiness or satisfaction (followed by a return to reality); momentary thrill. Variants alegrón de tonto, alegrón de pobre.

almendro: m. 1. cabbagebark, angelin (Andira inermis). Also almendro del río.

alquilar: v. to lend. [Doña María, quiero que si puede me haga el favor de alquilarme cien lempiras. María, could you do me a favor and lend me one hundred lempiras.]

anacagüite: m. 1. anacahuita, Texas olive (Cordia boissieri). 2. geiger tree (C. sebestena). [fr. Nahuatl amacuahuitl]

apagafuegos: m. s./pl. fireman. Syn. bombero.

araña: f. vulgar bush, fur-pie (female genitals).

arras: f. 13 coins, specifically 20-centavo coins, given by the bridegroom to the bride during the Catholic wedding ceremony.

arrayán: m. guava (Psidium salutare) - a small bush or treelet of the Myrtle familly. Other species are the Costa Rican guava (P. Friedrichsthalianum) and P. Sartorianum.

asaltabancos: m. s./pl. bank robber.

aseador: m. cleaning man, janitor.

a tranca: adj. plastered, bombed (drunk).

a wilson: adv. yeah.

ayote calabacita: m. butternut squash (Cucurbita moschata). Also ayote calabaza.

azacuán: m. broad-winged hawk (Buteo p. platypterus). Also alzacuán. [fr. Nahuatl]
NB: The migratory movements of this bird roughly correspond to the rainy season. Hence, in rural areas, the flight of these birds north in April-May tells farmers that the rainy season is about to begin, and their flight south in September-October indicates the rainy season will soon conclude. Armas, in "Diccionario de la Expresión Popular Guatemalteca," and Chapman, in "Los Hijos del Copal y la Candela, affirm that the azacuán is the snail kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis). In the list of threatened species for El Salvador in "Listas de Fauna de Importancia para la Conservación en Centroamérica y México," azacuán corresponds to Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni).

bajo bajo: adv. under the table, in secret, on the quiet.

bambayán: m. a medium-sized tree (Rehdera trinervis) of the verbena family with simple, obovate leaves and small white tubular flowers.

bambulín: m. slang lempira. [pos. play on bamba]

barba de jolote: f. wild tamarind (Cojoba arborea).

barranquera: f. ground dove, such as the common ground dove (Columbina passerina) or the ruddy ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti).

bartolina: f. cell (as in a prison) Syn. celda.

bayuncada: f. stupid remark, stupidity. Syn. tontería.

bechita: f. slang suds, brewski (beer). Syn. cerveza.

bestia: f. cock, hunk of meat (penis).

bijao: m. firebird, wild plantain, macaw flower (Heliconia bihai). [fr. Taino]

bíper: m. beeper, pager [fr. English]

bisnear: v. to do business (with), make a deal. [El gordito trajo una fotografía en marco de Carlos Roberto Reina y Jaime Rosenthal, pero no se la pudo bisnear a ninguno... The fatman brought a framed photograph of Carlos Roberto Reina and Jaime Rosenthal, but he wouldn't sell it to either of them... - La Tribuna]

bomba de mecate: f. rope and washer pump, rope pump.

botoncillo: m. button mangrove (Conocarpus erectus).

brazada: f. rural 2 varas or 1.67 m.; length of outstretched arms.

brinque quien brinque: p. (whether you, he, she, they, etc.) like it or not; like it or lump it; whether one is in agreement or not. [Y brinque quien brinque Custodio es el nuevo ombudsman. And like it or not Custodio is the new ombudsman. - La Tribuna]

cabrona: f. vulgar bitch, cunt.

cagada: f. vulgar 1. turd, crap, pile of crap. 2. mess, screw up.

caitazo: m. dance (an act or round of dancing), usually used in the phrases dar un caitazo, dar caitazos, echar el caitazo, echar(se) un caitazo, echarse caitazos, pegar un caitazo: to kick up one's heels, shake a leg, trip the light fantastic (dance). [El fin de semana era tiempo de echarse un buen caitazo. The weekend was time to kick up one's heels.]

calaica: f. balsam apple, balsm pear (Momordica charantia).

calandraco: m. 1. spindlelegs, sticklegs, beanpole (thin person). 2. poor devil; pl. the needy, the have-nots.

caminadora: f. itchgrass (Rottboellia cochinchinensis).
NB: According to "Cover Crops in Hillside Agriculture," this noxious weed - a significant pest in North Coast maize-velvet bean fields - was probably introduced to Honduras in the 1970s.

camino de tierra: m. vulgar dirt-road, dirt-chute (anus). Syn. ano.

cañon: adj. vulgar 1. hard, stiff, boner (erection of the penis). Syn. duro. 2. ponerse cañón: to become stiff; get it up, get a hard-on. Syn. ponerse duro.

capirucha: f. slang capital (city of Honduras), Tegucigalpa. [Ese mismo día también arribará a la capirucha Quique Iglesias, el mero mero del BID... That same day Quique Iglesias, the top dog of the IDB, will also arrive in the capital... - El Heraldo]

capulín: m. 1. capulin cherry, black cherry (Prunus serotina subsp. capuli). 2. calabur tree, Jamaican cherry tree (Muntingia calabura). [fr. Nahuatl]

caribe blanco: m. a banana variety (Musa acuminata, AAA group) of the red subgroup whose skin is yellow when ripe.
NB: The name refers to the color of the crown and leaf bases of the plant and not to the fruit. This variety is known as colorado blanco in parts of the United States.

cariño: m. slang bribe. [Inversionistas necesitan dar cariñitos a funcionarios para montar sus empresas. Investors have to grease the palms of government officials in order to set up their businesses. - El Tiempo] Syn. soborno.

carreto: m. rain tree, monkey pod (Samanea saman).

casulla: f. hull, husk (of rice). // arroz en casulla: paddy (rice in the husk), rough rice, rice kernels, unmilled grains of rice. Also casuya. Syn. cascarilla.

catorceavo: m. 14th month pay, 14th month paycheck (specif. an extra month of wages or salary - or proportion if employed for less than a year - that is payable to all workers each June), "summer bonus." Also catorceavo mes, decimocuarto, decimocuarto mes, decimocuarto salario, decimocuarto sueldo, decimocuarto mes de salario. Cf. AGUILUCHO (2), TRECEAVO MES.

catrachita: f. a flat, fried tortilla served with a topping of refried beans and either grated hard cheese or mantequilla rala. Cf. BALEADA, BURRITA, ENCHILADA, GRINGA, SINCRONIZADA, TACO.

celofán: adj. 1. jealous, green. 2. ponerse celofán: to become jealous. [play on celoso]

cenizo: m. Hawaiian banana, ice cream banana, blue Java (Musa acuminata x balbisiana, ABB group).

chachalaco: m., see TIGÜILOTE.

chapeador: m. a farm laborer who clears land with a machete or other farm tool; hacker; weeder. Variant chapiador.

chatear: v. to chat. [...hasta ahora no han tenido ningún chance de chatear con él... ...up until now they have had no opportunity to chat with him... - El Heraldo] [fr. English] Syn. platicar.

chiludo: adj. very peppery, awfully hot, burning (caused by pungent condiments, specif. chili or hot sauce).

chimadura: f. graze, scrape, abrasion.

chingo: m. see TAMAGÁS CAFÉ.

chipilín: m. any of several erect perennial legumes of the genus Crotalaria with edible leaves that are consumed in some parts of Honduras. [fr. Nahuatl]

chirinoco: m. 1. bittern, such as the least bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) 2. rail, such as the uniform crake (Amaurolimnas concolor).

choreque: m. a legume (Lathyrus nigrivalvis) native to South America and used as a green manure. Also frijol choreque.
NB: This term is probably of South American origin.

chorriar: v. slang to look at, gaze; glance at. [luego me fijé que ella también me estaba chorriando... I then noticed that she was also glancing at me... - J. Montenegro, La Tribuna]

cidi: m. CD (compact disk); pl. cidis.
NB: This is the phonetic spelling of the English word. In standard Spanish, it should be "ce-de" but many Hondurans say "ci-di."

ciruelo de montaña: m. goncalo alves, kingwood (Astronium graveloens). Also ciruelillo.

clásico: m. soccer match between two traditional rivals: classic rivalry.
NB: In Honduran first division soccer, the clásicos are the big money makers. Nationally, the big matchup is the clásico nacional or superclásico, which is now Olimpia Vs. Motagua. The clásico nacional was formerly Olimpia Vs. Real España, also called el clásico moderno, and Olimpia Vs. Marathón (pre-1990). There are also clásicos at a city level: the clásico sampedrano is Marathón Vs. Real España; the clásico capitalino is Olimpia Vs. Motagua; and the clásico ceibeño is Vida Vs. Victoria.

Comitzahuatl: n. the Winged Jaguar or Tigress - a mythical being of Honduran folklore, esp. in the area of Guajiquiro. Variants Comitzahual, Comicahual, Coamicagual, Comicagual, Comisagual, Comizahual, Comizahualt. [fr. Nahuatl]
NB: Also referred to as la Tigresa Alada and la señora tigre que vuela in Spanish. In "Los Hijos del Copal y la Candela," Anne Chapman includes what is possibly the oldest account of this myth that was recorded by 18th century Spanish historian Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas in "Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos en las islas y tierra firme del mar oceáno." The myth of Comitzahuatl begins with her arrival at Cesalcoquín, in the province of Cerquín (La Paz), where she settled down and established an extensive realm. She was said to be wise, "white as a Castellana," and "versed in the art of magic." Even though she was not married and never had sexual relations with a man, she bore three children. However, Herrera adds that others claimed they were siblings and not her children. On approaching death, she divided her realm into three parts, providing each heir with sound advice on how to treat their vassals. Then, she ordered her bed to be brought outside. Suddenly, lightening lit the sky, accompanied by thunder, and a beautiful bird flew away. Since Comitzahuatl was never seen again, the people believed that she was the bird.

cordoncillo: m. spiked pepper, false kava (Piper aduncum). Cf. JUNIAPA.

coyolal: m., see COYOLAR.

coyota: f., see COYOTE.

culerada: f. bullshit, nonsense, foolishness. See PAPADA, PENDEJADA.

culuco: m. scarab beetle, esp. May or June beetle. See RONRÓN.

daga: f. vulgar penis (British slang equivalents include "dagger", "blade", "pork sword").

de alto pedorraje: adj. slang upper-class, hoity-toity, posh. [A la fiesta sólo fue gente de alto pedorraje. Only upper-crusters went to the party.]

destripar el tomate: v.p. to pop (a girl's) cherry, to pluck (a girl's) flower, (deflower). [¿A los cuantos años te destriparon el tomate? How old were you when you got plucked?] Syn. desvirgar.

dizque: adj. 1. so-called, in name only, purported (usu. in an ironical sense). [...una dizque revolución moral que le faltó moral para ser revolución... a "so-called" moral revolution that lacked moral to be a revolution... - La Tribuna] // adv. 2. presumably, purportedly. [...denunció la cipota en la policía, dizque porque ella lo amenzaó. ...filed a complaint against the adolescent at the police station, "purportedly" because she threatened him. - La Tribuna]

dulcero: f. sugar producer (specif. one who produces cakes of dark brown unrefined cane sugar). See RAPADURA.

empatarse: v. to shack up (with); live (with), live together. [Gustavo se empató con Rosario. Gustavo shacked up with Rosario.]

enchancletado: adj. wearing slippers or sandals, having slippers on (one's feet), usu. used in the phrase andar enchancletada.

enchumpado: adj. bundled up, wrapped up (dressed in warm clothing, esp. in a chumpa, jacket). [Hondureños tendrán que seguir enchumpados. Hondurans will have to continue bundling up.]

enmontado: adj. overgrown, overrun, weedy (covered with weeds and/or brush) [...los maleantes habían llevado a un solar enmontado a las dos jovencitas... ...the ruffians had taken the two adolescent girls to an overgrown lot... - El Heraldo]

escarabajo gema: m. jewel scarab (Chrysina spp.).
NB: Of the approximately 100 known species, says EAP entomologist Dr. Ronald Cave, 11 occur in Honduras. One of the most publicized is Chrysina cavei, which is found in La Muralla, Pico Bonito and Sierra de Agalta national parks.

espada de San Miguel: m. German iris (Iris germanica).
NB: Now planted and used in some parts of Honduras as a barrier hedge.

espiga de trigo: n. hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. guatemalensis).

estar en elote: v.p. (of corn/maize) to reach physiological maturity, to be in the milk (grains are formed but still full of moisture).

estar en perlita: v.p. (of corn/maize) to form kernels, to be in the kernel set stage.

flor de tierra: f. mushroom (edible or poisonous).

fotear(se): v. snap, take a picture (photograph), have one’s picture taken. [...se dieron gusto foteándose con Maduro. ...they took great pleasure in being photographed with Maduro. - La Tribuna] Variant fotiar(se). Syn. fotografiar.

furgonero: m. truck driver, trucker (esp. of a semi). Also trailero. Syn. camionero.

gallina india: f. indigenous domestic hen.

gua gua: m. slang bow-wow, mutt (dog).

guajaca: f. vinca, Cape periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). Also huajaca.

guarumo: m. trumpet-tree, trumpetwood (Cecropia peltata).
NB: The buds and young leaves of this tree are used in a folk remedy for rheumatism.

guayacán: m. lignum vitae, bastard lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum). [fr. Taino]

guazalillo: m. woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus).

güero: adj. 1. delicate, unhealthy; feeble. 2. rotten (said of eggs, fruits and vegetables). [un huevo güero a rotten egg]
NB: This term is a mispronunciation of huero, which in standard Spanish means rotten, and not derived from the Mexican term güero, which means blond or fair.

gusano: m. penis.

hielo: m. rural a generic term applied to many plant diseases (esp. of corn and beans) and, in some cases, nutrient deficiencies.

hormigo: m. quira (Platymiscium dimorphandrum) [lit. ant (tree)]

infistiútico: adj. temperamental, hypersensitive; fastidious, hard to please.

ispiar: v. to see, spy; have a looksee. [variant of espiar]

jaboncillo: m., see PACÓN.

jagua: f. genipap (Genipa americana).

jaina: f. slang 1. chick. Syn. chica. 2. mainsqueeze (girlfriend).

jaraguá: f. jaragua grass (Hyparrhenia rufa). Also zacate jaraguá.
NB: This pasture grass is native to tropical Africa.

juancagado: m. laughing falcon (Herpetotheres cachinnans). Also guaco.
NB: According to "Listas de Fauna de Importancia para la Conservación en Centroamérica y México," the laughing falcon is called guance or guaco in Guatemala, guas cagón in Nicaragua, halcón guas in El Salvador and guaco in Honduras. One campesino also said this bird is called juan cuchillo.

juniapa: f. eared pepper, anise pepper (Piper auritum).
NB: A member of the same genus as the black pepper, this large herb is used in folk remedies. In his disertation, "Flora Traditional de Honduras," Jesús Aguilar Paz states that this word is either of Nahuatl or Mayan origin. When crushed, the leaves of this plant have an anise-like odor. This plant is considered an invasive species in the Pacific, where it is known as "false kava" or "Hawaiian sakau."

lado oscuro: m. the group of politicians who governed Honduras during the administration of President Rafael Leonardo Callejas and who continue to rule or exert influence on the National Party from behind the scenes, esp. those elements of the National Party who believe in the old dictatorial ways. [lit. the dark side]

lechucero: m. illegal logger, a person involved in illegal logging activities.

lero, lero candelero, come tripas de ternero. exp. A taunt, similar to "nyah- nyah-n-nyah-nayh" (or "nan, nan, na nan nayh") in English. This phrase is also used to prevent another person from speaking or responding.

limón real: m. rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri).

linchar: v. to beat up. [...dos jovenes que pretendían robarse un automóvil fueron linchados por vecinos de la colonia El Pedregal... ...two youths who attempted to steal a car were clobbered by residents of the El Pedregal neighborhood... - La Tribuna.]
NB: In standard Spanish, this verb means "to lynch."

lipidia: f. indigence, usu. used in the phrase estar en la lipidia: to be destitute, be in the gutter, be dead broke.

macanazal: m. heap, gob, hell of a lot (large number or quantity). [Dicen que van a correr a un macanazal de chepos de la Policía... They say they're going to fire a hell of a lot of cops... - La Tribuna]

maíz planta baja: m. corn (maize) cultivar with a short stalk. Also planta baja.

majagua: m. majagua, mahoe, mountain mahoe (Hibiscus tiliaceus). Also majao. [fr. Taino]

malinche: adj. slang nasty, mean; hardhearted; dastardly. Syn. malo.

mano caída: f. broken-wrist, limp-wristed (homosexual).

mano peluda: f. hidden hand, sinister influence (specif. a person or organization, real or imaginary, that exercises power behind the scenes or interferes in some matter - in a surreptitious and malicious manner - - while remaining anonymous.)

máquina: adj. cool, groovy, bitchin', first class. [Esa camisa te queda máquina. That shirt looks cool on you.]

maría: m. maria (Calophyllum brasiliense). Also santa maría, santamaría.

marimbiada: f. beating, thrashing [Tremenda marimbiada recibe un joven aprendiz de ladrón. Young apprentice thief receives tremendous beating. - La Tribuna]

mariola: f. large marble, tenner.

maso: adj./adv. slang so-so, not bad, OK. [¿Cómo te fue? Maso. How did you do? So-so.] [shortening and blend of más o menos, more or less]

mayate: m. slang black, Negro (dark-skinned person).

meter las de andar: v.p. to mess up, screw up, put one's foot in it. [...(él) metió las de andar al declarar que no hay trabajo en el gobierno porque no hay pisto... ...(he) put his foot in his mouth on announcing that there are no positions in the government because there is no money... -- La Tribuna]
NB: Standard Spanish variants include meter la pata, meter las patas, or just meterlas.

mojar: v. to grease the palm (bribe). [Comerciante es condenado a tres años y medio por mojar dos inspectores. Merchant is sentenced to three and a half years for greasing the palms of two inspectors. - La Tribuna]

monja blanca: f. a variety of orchid (Lycaste skinneri) that produces large, white or violet, triangular flowers that is typically found at higher elevations in humid mountain forests. [lit. white nun]
NB: This orchid is the national flower of Guatemala.

morete: m. bruise.
NB: In standard Spanish, moretón.

muerto: adj. a piece of cake, easy. [Ese examen estuvo muerto. That exam was a piece of cake.]

naranjilla: f. Quito orange, naranjilla (Solanum quitoense).
NB: Native to northern South America, the naranjilla is a close relative of the eggplant and tomato. The fruit is slightly larger than a golf ball, bright orange and covered with short brittle hairs.

ni fu ni fa: adj. neither good nor bad, neither one nor the other.
NB: This is just one of several expressions that are the trademark of Anibal Barrow, host of the program "Desde Temprano" on Channel 9.

no oler, ni heder: v.p. to cut no ice. [Ni huele, ni hiede. He cuts no ice.] Variant ni oler, ni heder.

no poder ver ni en pintura: p. to not be able to bear the sight of someone.
NB: This is a variant of the general Spanish form no poder ver ni pintado.

ñangarada: f. the left, the commies. [Otro que tenía el apoyo de la sociedad civil y la ñangarada ... es el fiscal Mundo Orellana Mercado. Another who had the support of civil society and the left ... is government prosecutor Mundo Orellana. - La Tribuna]

ñurda: f. slang left, commie.

oenegé: f. non-governmental organization (NGO). [phonetic spelling of ONG]
NB: This term is used in the "Revista Aguán."

oenegeista: m./f. a person who works for a non-governmental organization.

ojo de buey: m. slang A-hole, kazoo, bunghole (anus). Syn. ano.

olomina: f., see BUBUCHA.

oración: f. rural twilight, dusk. Syn. atardecer.

p': prep. for, to (etc.). [No hay cama p' tanta gente. There are not enough beds for so many people.] Variant pa. [shortening of para]

paleto: m. jutahy (Dialium guianense). Variant paleta. Also tamarindo de montaña.
NB: The hard, durable wood of this tree, which reaches heights of up to 30 m., does not float in water.

panza de mono: n. tree fern (Cyathea salvinii).

panzuda: adj. knocked up (pregnant). [La trabajadora está panzuda. The maid is knocked-up.]

paquete: m./adj. bad soccer player (specif. one who is foreign).

pasconeado: adj. like a sieve, like Swiss cheese, full of holes, riddled. [Pasconeadas las calles progreseñas. Streets of El Progreso full of potholes. - La Tribuna] [Ex policía muere pascooneado a balazos por dos desconocidos. Ex policman dies riddled with bullets fired by two unknown individuals. - La Tribuna]

patas de hule: f. slang wheels (automobile). Syn. carro.

patrullas: f. pl. slang tootsies (feet). [Me hieden las patrullas. My tootsies stink.] See RUGIR, SILBAR.

pelo de cuca: adj. slang (of hair) frizzy, kinky, fuzzy. Syn. pelo crespo.

Perla de Ulúa: f. Pearl of the Ulúa - a nickname for El Progreso, Yoro department.
NB: Ulúa is the name of the river that flows by El Progreso. According to Membreño in "Toponimias Indígenas de Centroamérica", Ulúa means "inhabitant of the place that has rubber (hule)" in Nahuatl.

perulero: m. yellowish-white vegetable pear. See PATASTE.

piapia: f. brown jay (Cyanocorax morio). [Caían los granos y los tubérculos, pero cuando no se los comían las pías-pías o los ratones hambrientos, cuando lograban germinar, era para brotar raquíticos, enfermos, cipiados. The seeds and tubers fell, but when they weren't eaten by hungry brown jays and rats, when they did manage to germinate, they came up stunted, sick, frail. - Se da todavía el arroz, Ramón Amaya Amador]

piedra de moler: f. a flat stone with a concave upper surface on which maize and other grains are ground.
NB: No longer used by most Hondurans to grind maize, the piedra de moler now serves mostly as a house ornament. Called metate in Mexico and Guatemala. The hand-held cylindrical stone used for grinding is called mano de piedra or just mano.

pijiador: m. slang beater, brawler, toughie, fighter.

pingada: n. bunch of, a whole lot of, shitload of, buttload of - always followed by the preposition >de.

pinponero: m. 1. follower of Rafael Pineda Ponce (president of the National Congress from 1998-2002 and presidential candidate in the 2001 general elections); militant or activist of the political faction of Rafael Pineda Ponce. // adj. 2. of or pertaining to Rafael Pineda Ponce and/or his political faction. [A propósito de la última alianza pinponera... Speaking of the last Pineda Ponce alliance... - La Tribuna] [fr. Pin Pon, nickname coined by the Honduran press for Rafael Pineda Ponce + -ero, adjective-forming suffix]

pirinolada: n. bunch of, a whole lot of, shitload of, buttload of - always followed by the preposition de. Also cachimbazo de, cachimbo de, macanazo de, pingada de, vergazo de.

poli: f. police, police force [shortened fr. policía]

poquitero: m. small-scale producer or farmer (specif. a small, independent banana producer in northern Honduras between the mid-19th and early 20th centuries).

postura: f. rural small amount, portion, bagful, batch (gen. used when referring to a small quantity of beans and, more specifically, the amount necessary to prepare one potful of cooked beans). [¿Quiere una postura de frijoles? Do you want a few beans?]

pulgón: m. 1. flea beetle (Chaetocnema and Epitrix spp.). 2. see TORTUGUILLA.
NB: EAP entomologist Dr. Ronald Cave states that this term is used to refer to aphids in other Latin American countries, particularly in South America. In Central America, aphids are áfidos.

pumpunjuche: m., see ZAPOTÓN. [fr. Nahuatl]

puteada: f. vulgar scolding.

puyón: m. 1. sting, stinger (of a bee, wasp, etc.). Also clavo. Syn. aguijón. 2. thrust; stab, jab. 3. shot (injection).

que le cabe un buey: adj. brimming with pride; well-content; pleased as Punch. [El Presidente electo salió de la reunión que le cabía un buey por el apoyo que le ofrecieron. The president-elect came out of the meeting pleased as Punch for the support that he was offered. - El Heraldo] Variant que le cabía un buey.

quemar barba: v.p. (said of corn/maize silks) to darken in color and dry out (at the end of the silking stage). Also chamuscar barba.

quitacalzón: m. a social wasp of the subfamily Polistinae (Protopolybia acutiscutis). [lit. underwear remover]
NB: EAP entomologist Dr. Ronald Cave says this wasp is found in the drier inland parts of the country, adding that it is a "vicious stinger." The origin of this wasp's name comes from the fact that on attacking, the wasps often get under the clothes, forcing the victim "to strip naked to get them off."

reculo lo dicho: p. I take that back. Syn. retiro lo dicho.

reventada: f., see PISADA (2).

reventón: m. discount, cut, slash (referring to prices). [Gran reventón de precios Big slash of prices]

robacarros: m.s./pl. car thief. [El robacarros ... fue capturado por agentes de la Policía Metropolitana en posesión de un vehículo robado. The car thief ... was apprehended by agents of the Metropolitan Police in possession of a stolen vehicle. - El Heraldo]

roncarse la gana: v.p. to feel like it. Variant pegarle la gana. See CULO (7).

rumbar duro: v.p. to criticize sharply, slam, lambast. Variants rumbar maceta, tirar duro, tirar riata, volar maceta, volar riata, volar verga.

sabanera: f. salmon-bellied racer (Dryadophis melanolomus).

sacarle los diablitos: v.p. to draw out the little devils, expel the little devils (from a bottle of liquor). This is accomplished by rubbing with one's hands a bottle that contains a few drops of liquor and then sticking a lighted match inside, which produces a lambent flame. 2. to take a drink to cure a hangover. See DESENGOMAR.

salir la venada careta: v.p. (said of one's plans, intentions, etc.) to backfire, go awry, come out the worse for wear; draw a blank; blow up in one's face. Syn. salir el tiro por la culata.

saludes: f. pl. regards, greetings.
NB: The correct term is saludos.

sanalotodo: m. any of several species of woolly, composite plants of the genus Gnaphalium, such as G. viscosum, G. attenuatum, G. brachypterum, and G. semiamplexicaule, that have a variety of medicinal uses. Also sanalatodo.
NB: Lit. heal it all, or heal all. Members of this genus are called cudweed, life everlasting and eternal flowers.

sandiero: m. watermelon producer and/or exporter.

sangre colorada: m. banak (Virola koschnyi). Also sangre, palo de sangre.

sangre de toro: m. scarlet-rumped tanager (Ramphocelus p. passerinii); crimson-collared tanager (Phlogothraupis s. sanguinolenta).

semoviente: m. head of cattle.
NB: In standard Spanish, semoviente is an adjective and is used in the phrase bienes semovientes, which means ganado or cattle.

sipe: m. a small, mythical being of Honduran folklore that has a fondness for eating ash, whether in recently burned fields or clay ovens. In Honduran literature, the description of this shy, inoffensive creature varies from that of a phantasmal, childlike being with a large belly and spindly legs to a miniature version of the cicimite. Variants sipitillo, zipe, zipito, zipitillo.
NB: According to José Aguilar Paz in "Tradiciones y Leyendas de Honduras," this creature is also called cenicero.

¡Solo haciendole la cebolla!: exp. vulgar an expression in which a man indicates his willingness to have sexual intercourse with an ugly woman only by lifting her dress to cover her head.
NB: Lit. Only by doing the onion to her! - in reference to the way the skins of an onion are pulled up. .. much the same way cooks would peel off the skin of an onion. Comparable to the use of the terms "one bagger" or "two bagger" - a woman so ugly that she would need a bag over her head before a male would have sexual intercourse with her.

suich: m. (military jargon) second lieutenant. [Los capitanes, tenientes, suiches y no digamos los sargentos andan molestos. The captains, first lieutenants, second lieutenants, not to mention the sergeants, are irked. - Pildoritas, La Tribuna] [fr. English switch]

Sultana de Oriente: f. a nickname for the city of Yuscarán, El Paraíso department (usually preceded by the article la).

talguate: m. flab, flabby flesh, esp. (in reference to women) drooping breast, sagging breast. [fr. Nahuatl]

taltuza: f. pocket gopher (Orthogeomys spp.) - species found in Honduras are the hispid pocket gopher (Orthogeomys hispidus), the Nicaraguan pocket (O. matagalpae) and the giant pocket gopher (O. grandis). [fr. Nahuatl]

tamagás verde: m. 1. green racer (Dryadophis dorsalis). Also falso tamagás verde. 2. see TAMAGÁS.

tamalera: f. tamale maker (a person who makes tamales); tamale vender.

támalo: adj. thin-skinned, soft (said of the rind of a squash). Also tamalito. // ayote támalo: thin-skinned squash.
NB: Squashes with thick, hard rinds are called ayotes de concha or de cáscara.

tapazo: m. drink (shot of liquor), "swig."

taray: m. a shrub (Eysenhardtia adenostylis) of the legume or bean family, up to 6 m. high, whose bark is used as a remedy for renal problems.
NB: This plant is a close relative of kidneywood, E. polystachya.

Teguz: f. short for Tegucigalpa. Cf. TEPAS, CAPIRUCHA.
NB: Most scholars agree that Tegucigalpa is derived from Nahuatl, or possibly from the Lenca language; however, there is considerable debate over the meaning of this word. For a long time it was widely held that Tegucigalpa was a corruption of the Nahuatl word Taguzgalpa, which means cerro de plata (silver hill). Although few now believe in the "silver hill" theory, this meaning has stuck in most tour guides and other tourism-related materials. Alberto Membreño (1859-1921), a linguist and politician, states in his work "Nombres Geograficos de la Republica de Honduras" that Tegucigalpa means en las casas de las piedras puntiaguadas (in the dwellings of sharp-pointed rocks). In her book "Historia Mínima de Tegucigalpa," Leticia de Oyuela suggests that the name means piedras pintadas (painted rocks or colored stones), derived from the color of the geological formations around the capital. Other possible meanings suggested by scholars include la region de los cerros de los venerables ancianos (the region of the hills of the venerable elders), llanura verde (green plain or prairie), en la casa de los nobles o los señores (in the dwelling of the nobles or lords), en las casas de la tierra amarilla (in the dwellings of the yellow earth) and others. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Tegucigalpa's official name was "Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa y Heredia" and later "Real Villa de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa y Heredia." Tegucigalpa is the capital of Honduras since 1880.

teje y maneje: m. layout, the picture; ins and outs, the particulars. [...uno de los atracadores había llegado hace 21 días a ver el teje y maneje y tienen identificados a restantes participantes. ...one of the robbers had come 21 days ago to see the layout and the rest of the participants have been identified. - La Tribuna] [Ambos están siendo empapadas del teje y maneje del servicio exterior. Both are being briefed on the ins and outs of the foreign service.]
NB: An almost identical term, tejemaneje, means "scheming" or "to-do" in standard Spanish.

tigüilote: m. a small tree (Cordia dentata) up to 10 m. high whose cream or white flowers and leaves are used in folk remedies. Variant tihuilote. Also chachalaco, árbol de chachalaco. [fr. Nahuatl]

tilo: m. a small tree (Ternstroemia tepezapote) of the tea family having simple, ovid leaves and a capsular, berrylike fruit.
NB: The flower buds of the tilo are used in folk remedies. Also going by this name are the more well-known linden or basswood (Tilia spp., such as T. platyphyllos), any of several European and North American ornamental trees whose flowers have medicinal uses.

timbuco: adj. 1. plump, chubby; potbellied. Syn. barrigudo, panzón. // m. 2. fat cat; pl. the rich, the haves.

tique: m. saw cabbage palm, saw palmetto (Acoelorraphe wrightii).

tiquisque: m., see QUISCAMOTE.

tragahumo: m. fireman. Syn. bombero.

tres platos: m. (fr. the perspective of a male) orthogenital copulation, fellatio and anal copulation, usu. preceded by the article los. [Ese maje me hizo los tres platos. That dude fucked me all three ways.]

trompudo: adj. thick lipped, having large lips and/or a large, protruding mouth.

turuncazo: m. blow with stone, blow from stone.

udeísta: m./f./adj. member of the Democratic Unification Party. Also udeco. [fr. Partido Unificación Democrática + -ista or -eco suffix]

ultrajada: f. rape victim. [La ultrajada no conocía a su agresor... The rape victim did not know her attacker... - La Tribuna.]

vacudo: m. rural a villager who owns a large number of cattle, esp. one who is also wealthy; cattle baron.

valeriana del país: f. a perennial herb (Chaptalia nutans) of the family Compositae or Asteraceae used in folk remedies to treat inflamations, burns, toothaches, etc.
NB: Called valeriana de monte in "Plantas Medicinales Comunes de Honduras." Several common names for this plant in English found in the Internet - but not in any dictionaries or databases of plant names - are "nodding lettuce" (Texas), "silver puff", and "heal and draw."

varillo: m. boarwood (Symphonia globulifera). Also barillo.

vaucher: m. voucher.

verga de toro: f. pizzle (whip made from a bull's penis).

veyo: v. nonstandard I see. [No lo veyo. I don't see it.] [corruption of veo, present tense of ver, to see]

volquetada: f. truckload (the amount that a dump truck can carry).

yagua: f. royal palm (Roystonea regia var. hondurensis, R. dunlapiana). Also palma real.
NB: Fronds are used to make handicrafts, such as hats, baskets, trays and other items.

yema de huevo: m. eyelash (pit) viper, yellow morph (Bothriechis schlegelii).

yerba: f. grass (marijuana). Variant hierba. See also CHARBASCA, GRIFA, MANTECA, MONTE, MOÑA, MOTA, ZACATE.

yonkero: m. dealer in used car parts.

zacate: m. 1. grass (esp. tall wild or cultivated varieties). 2. hay, fodder. 3. slang grass (marijuana). [fr. Nahuatl zacatl]

zacatera: f. grass field; plot of land with tall, wild or cultivated grasses growing on it. Also zacatal.

zapotón: m. provision tree (Pachira aquatica). Also pumpunjuche.

zuampal: m. swamp, swampland. [Quiere mucho valor atravesarse entre oscuro y claro esos zuampales... It takes a great deal of courage to cross these swamps in the dark... - Barro, Paca Navas de Miralda] Variant suampal.

Last modified: February 24, 2003
 
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