Formal Letter Writing in English | Journalpur

Formal letters are an essential part of professional and academic communication. Whether you are addressing business partners, academic authorities, or public officials, understanding the proper format and tone is crucial.

In this post, we will explore the intricacies of writing formal letters, covering various types, structures, and examples to ensure your letters are effective and professional.

Formal Letters Definition and Importance

A formal letter is a written communication that adheres to a specific format and tone, maintaining a level of professionalism and seriousness. These letters are often used in business, academic, political, and other formal contexts to convey important information, requests, or responses.

Mastering formal letter writing is vital for anyone engaged in these environments, as it reflects professionalism and clarity.

Characteristics of Formal Letters

Formal letters are identifiable by the following key characteristics:

Types of Formal Letters

Formal letters can be categorized based on their purpose. Here are some common types:

Structure of a Formal Letter

A formal letter follows a structured format to ensure clarity and professionalism. Below is a detailed breakdown of each component:

1. Header

The header contains essential information and is placed at the top of the letter.

2. Greeting

The greeting is a formal salutation to the recipient, ending with a comma.

Example: Dear Dr. Aditya Jain,

3. Subject

The subject line concisely states the purpose of the letter.

Example: Subject: Request for Examination Review

4. Body

The body is the core part of the letter, where the main message is conveyed. It should be clear, concise, and divided into paragraphs if necessary.

5. Closing Statement

The closing statement summarizes the letter and provides a polite conclusion.

Example: Without further ado, receive cordial greetings,

6. Signature

The signature block includes the sender’s name and can also include additional contact information or the sender’s position.

Formal Letter Template

Below is a template to guide you in writing a formal letter:

[Your Name]
[Your Address]
[Your email address]
[Your phone number]


[Recipient’s Name]
[Recipient’s Title and Position if applicable]
[Recipient’s Company if applicable]
[Recipient’s Address]

Dear [Recipient’s Name],


[Body Paragraph]

[Closing statement]

[Sender’s Name]
[Sender’s Signature]

Examples of Formal Letters

Sample 1: Formal Letter of Request

Dr. John
Professor of Ancient History
National University of Mumbai
Mumbai, 04/10/2024

Dear Professor Dr. John,

Subject: Request for Examination Review

I am contacting you to request a review of my exam for the subject History, taken on 03/12/2024. The reason for this request is that I am not satisfied with the grade received. Specifically, in the last question (“Develop the theme of the Medical Wars”), you rated it 2 out of 4. I believe I answered without notable errors and developed it according to the knowledge acquired in class.

Therefore, I kindly request that this exam be reviewed, especially the aforementioned question, to verify any possible errors in the correction.

Without further ado, receive cordial greetings,

Rohit Verma.

Sample 2: Formal Complaint Letter

Customer Service Department
Wowmax Appliances

Dear Misters,

Subject: Claim Regarding Order 12345

The reason for this letter is to present a claim regarding order 12345 made on January 10 of this year. This order was placed through your online store, and I purchased a SONTI brand microwave, model 5000 HF, grey color. However, the microwave received was white.

Therefore, I demand the collection of the incorrect microwave and the delivery of the requested model within five days. Otherwise, I will be forced to take legal action.

I await your response.

Receive a warm greeting,

Mohit Sharma


Writing formal letters is a critical skill for effective communication in professional and academic settings. By adhering to the structured format and maintaining a professional tone, you can ensure your letters are clear, concise, and impactful.

Use the provided template and examples as a guide to master the art of formal letter writing.

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