Many thanks to Arturo Filippo Lorioli for contributing this article.
List of the WW2 Italian Army Divisions. All the Infantry divisions were named after Italian towns (unless otherwise specified)
ALR = Alpini Regiment ALAR = Alpini Artillery Regiment AR = Artillery Regiment ARM = Armoured Regiment BR = Bersaglieri Regiment CCNN = "Blackshirts" Legion CDR = Costal Defence Regiment CDAR = Costal Defence Artillery "Raggruppamento" (roughly a Brigade) CR = Cavalry Regiment GR = Grenadier Regiment IR = Infantry Regiment PR = Parachutist Regiment PAR = Parachutist Artillery Regiment Infantry Divisions: 1st SUPERGA : 91st and 92nd IR + 5th AR 2nd SFORZESCA : 53rd and 54th IR + 17th AR 3rd RAVENNA : 37th and 38th IR + 11th AR (later 121st AR) 4th LIVORNO : 33rd and 34th IR + 28th AR 5th COSSERIA : 89th and 90th IR + 37th AR (later 108th AR) 6th CUNEO : 7th and 8th IR + 27th AR + 24th CCNN 7th LUPI DI TOSCANA : 77th and 78th IR + 30th AR 9th PASUBIO : 79th and 80th IR + 8th AR + 1st CCNN 10th PIAVE : 57th and 58th IR + 20th AR 11th BRENNERO : 231st, 232nd and 331st IR + 9th AR + 35th CCNN 12th SASSARI : 151st and 152nd IR + 34th AR + 73rd CCNN 13th RE : 1st and 2nd IR + 23rd AR + 75th CCNN 14th ISONZO : 23rd and 24th IR + 6th AR + 98th CCNN 15th BERGAMO : 25th and 26th IR + 4th AR + 89th CCNN 16th PISTOIA : 35th and 36th IR + 3rd AR 17th PAVIA : 27th and 28th IR + 26th AR 18th MESSINA : 93rd and 94th IR + 2nd AR + 108th CCNN 19th VENEZIA : 83rd, 84th and 383rd IR + 19th AR + 72nd CCNN 20th FRIULI : 87th and 88th IR + 35th AR + 88th CCNN (later renamed 387th IR) 21st GRANATIERI DI SARDEGNA : 1st and 2nd GR + 13th AR + 55th CCNN 22nd CACCIATORI DELLE ALPI : 51st and 52nd IR + 1st AR + 105th CCNN 23rd FERRARA : 47th and 48th IR + 14th AR + 82nd CCNN 24th PINEROLO : 12th, 14th and 313th IR + 18th AR + 136th CCNN 25th BOLOGNA : 39th and 0th IR + 10th AR (later 205th AR) 26th ASSIETTA : 29th and 30th IR + 25th AR + 17th CCNN 27th BRESCIA : 19th ans 20th IR + 55th AR 28th AOSTA : 5th and 6th IR + 22nd AR + 171st CCNN 29th PIEMONTE : 3rd, 4th and 303rd IR + 24th AT + 166th AR 30th SABAUDA : 45th and 46th IR + 16th AR + 176th CCNN 31st CALABRIA : 59th and 60th IR + 40th AR + 177th CCNN (later renamed 359th IR) 32nd MARCHE : 55th and 56th IR + 32nd AR + 49th CCNN 33rd ACQUI : 17th, 18th and 317th IR + 33rd AR + 27th CCNN 36th FORLI' : 43rd, 44th and 343rd IR + 36th AR 37th MODENA : 41st, 42nd and 341st IR + 29th AR + 36th CCNN 38th PUGLIE : 71st and 72nd IR + 15th AR + 115th CCNN 41st FIRENZE : 127th and 128th IR + 41st AR + 92nd CCNN 44th CREMONA : 21st and 22nd IR + 7th AR + 90th CCNN (later renamed 321st) 47th BARI : 139th and 140th IR + 47th AR + 152nd CCNN (later renamed 340th IR) 48th TARO : 20th and 208th IR + 48th AR + 164th CCNN 49th PARMA : 49th and 50th IR + 49th AR + 109th CCNN 50th REGINA : 9th, 10th and 309th IR + 50th AR + 201st CCNN 51st SIENA : 31st and 32nd IR + 51st AR + 141st CCNN 52nd TORINO : 81st and 82nd IR + 52nd AR 53rd AREZZO : 225th and 226th IR + 53rd AR + 80th CCNN 54th NAPOLI : 75th and 76th IR + 54th AR + 173rd CCNN 55th SAVONA : 15th and 16th IR + 38th AR (later 38th AR) 56th CASALE : 11th, 12th and 311th IR + 56th AR + 23rd CCNN 57th LOMBARDIA : 73rd and 74th IR + 57th AR + 137th CCNN 58th LEGNANO : 67th and 68th IR + 58th AR 59th CAGLIARI : 63rd, 64th and 363rd IR + 59th AR + 28th CCNN 60th SABRATHA : 85th and 86th IR + 42nd AR (later 3rd Articelere AR) 61st SIRTE : 69th and 70th IR + 43rd AR 62nd MARMARICA : 115th and 116th IR + 44th AR 63rd CIRENE : 157th and 158th IR + 45th AR 64th CATANZARO : 141st and 142nd IR + 203rd AR65th GRANATIERI DI SAVOIA : 10th and 11th GR + 60th AR 80th LA SPEZIA : 125th and 126th IR + 80th AR 101st TRIESTE : 65th and 66th IR + 9th BR + 21st AR 102nd TRENTO : 61st and 62nd IR + 7th BR + 46th AR 103rd PIACENZA : 111th and 112th IR + 37th AR 104th MANTOVA : 113th and 114th IR + 11th AR 105th ROVIGO : 227th and 228th IR + 117th AR 151st PERUGIA : 129th and 130th IR + 151st AR + 29th CCNN 152nd PICENO : 235th, 236th and 336th IR + 152nd AR 153rd MACERATA : 121st and 122nd IR + 153rd AR 154th MURGE : 259th and 260th IR + 154th AR 155th EMILIA : 119th and 120th IR + 155th AR 156th VICENZA : 277th and 288th IR + 156th AR 157th NOVARA : 153rd and 154th IR + 157th AR 158th ZARA : 291st and 292nd IR + 158th AR + 107th CCNN 159th VENETO : 255th and 256th IR + 159th AR CACCIATORI D'AFRICA (un-numbered) : 210th and 211th IR + 10th CCNN Motor Transportable Infantry Divisions (semi-motorized) 9th "Pasubio" (a mountain, WW1 battle) 10th "Piave" (a river, WW1 battle) 52nd "Torino" North Africa model Infantry Divisions (semi-motorized) 17th "Pavia" 25th "Bologna" 27th "Brescia" 55th "Savona" 60th "Sabratha" (Lybian town, formed by the two "Liguria" regiments) 61st "Sirte" (region of Lybia) 62nd "Marmarica" (region of Lybia) 63rd "Cirene" (Lybian town) 64th "Catanzaro" (former Blackshirts division "XXI Aprile") Air Transportable Infantry Division: 80th "La Spezia" Motorized Infantry Division: 101st "Trieste" 102nd "Trento" "Celeri" (fast) Divisions (mixed motor and cavalry.). All were named after famous generals of the House of Savoy 1st EUGENIO DI SAVOIA : 12th CAVALLEGGERI DI SALUZZO and 14th CAVALLEGGERI DI ALESSANDRIA CR + 11th BR + 1st Articlere AR 2nd EMANUELE FILIBERTO TESTA DI FERRO : 9th LANCIERI DI FIRENZE and 10th LANCIERI DI VITTORIO EMENUELE II CR + 1st BR + 2nd Articelere AR 3rf PRINCIPE AMEDEO DUCA D'AOSTA : 3rd SAVOIA CAVALLERIA and 5th LANCIERI DI NOVARA CR + 3rd BR + 3rd Articelere AR Notes : A)- The 2nd E.F.T.F. was then shortly converted in the 134th Armoured Division "Freccia". B)- The 3rd P.A.D.A. was later converted in a Motorized division, with the 5th and 6th BR amd the 120th AR. All names from past generals of the Savoy dinasty. 1st "Eugenio di Savoia" 2nd "Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro" 3rd "Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta" Armoured Divisions: 131st CENTAURO : 31st and 131st ARM + 5th BR + 131st AR 132nd ARIETE : 32nd and 132nd ARM + 8th BR + 132nd AR 133rd LITTORIO : 33rd and 133rd ARM + 12th BR + 133rd AR 134th FRECCIA : 10th LANCIERI DI VITTORIO EMANUELE II ARM + 1st BR + 134th AR 135th ARIETE II : 10th LANCIERI DI VITTORIO EMANUELE II ARM + 16th CAVALLEGGERI DI LUCCA Motorized Cav Rgt + 8th LANCIERI DI MONTEBELLO Recon Rgt + 135th AR + 235th AR 136th GIOVANI FASCISTI : GIOVANI FASCISTI IR, 136th AR NOTES: A)- The first three Armd Div never had more than one Arm Rgt each on the field at any time. B)- The 134th FRECCIA div existed for just a copuple of monthes, and never was anything but a "paper" unit. Its number was then re-used for the renamed "M" CCNN Armoured Div (see below). C)- The 135th Ariete II Div was still formaing at the moment of the Sept 8th 1943 Armistice. D)- The 136th Giovani Fascisti was an Armoured Div in name only (it never had a single AFV!), and in Tunisia was finally renamed a Motor Inf.Div. In the same period it wqas decided to convert the Giovani Fascisti in the 45th BERSAGLIERI D'AFRICA Div (formed by the 5th and 8th BR + 136th AR), but the conversion was not implemented (even if the 8th BR was attacched to Giovani Fascisti). Parachutists Divisions: 184th NEMBO : 183rd, 184th and 185th PR + 184th PAR 185th FOLGORE : 186th and 187th PR + 185th PAR Note: A third parachutist division (183rd CICLONE) had just started to be formed before the Sept 8th 1943 Armistice. Alpini (Mountain) Divisions (all named after the province of recruitment): 1st TAURINEENSE : 3rd and 4th ALR + 1st ALAR 2nd TRIDENTINA : 5th and 6th ALR + 2nd ALAR 3rd JULIA : 8th and 9th ALR + 3rd ALAR 4th CUNEENSE : 1st and 2nd ALR + 4th ALAR 5th PUSTERIA : 7th and 11th ALR + 5th ALAR 6th ALPI GRAJE : 10th and 12th ALR + 6th ALAR Colonial Infantry Divisions: 1st Lybian Inf. Division : 1st and 2nd Lybian IR + 1st Lybian AR 2nd Lybian Inf. Division : 3rd and 4th Lybian IR + 2nd Lybian AR Note: The colonials troops in Italian East Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia) were at times briefly formed in provisional divisions, but usually acted as independent brigades. The Eritherean Divisions were numbered from 1st to 4th, while the Somalian Divisions were the 101st and 102nd. CCNN (Camicie Nere - Blackshirts): 1st XXII MARZO : 219th and 233rd CCNN + 201st AR 2nd XXVIII OTTOBRE : 231st and 238th CCNN + 202nd AR 3rd XXI APRILE : 181st and 203rd CCNN + 203rd AR 4th III GENNAIO : 27th and 250th CCNN + 204th AR Divisione Corazzata Legionaria "M" : LEONESSA ARM + MONTEBELLO and TAGLIAMENTO CCNN + VALLE SCRIVIA AR Notes: A)- The XXI APRILE (3rd) was converted at the very beginning of the war in the 64th Catanzaro Inf.Div of the regular army. B)- The "M" Armoured Div was still forming at the moment of the fall of fascism (July 25th 1943). Thereafter it was converted to a regular army unit and renamed 134th Armoured Division CENTAURO II. C)- Two further Blackshirts divisions (the 5th I FEBBRAIO and the 6th TEVERE) were inacive during WW2. Costal Defense Divisions: 201st : 55th and 131st CDR + 201st CDAR 202nd : 120th, 124th and 142nd CDR + 43rd CDAR 203rd : 126th and 174th CDR + 203rd CDAR 204th : 19th, 130th and 149th CDR + 204th CDAR 205th : 1257th, 128th and 129th CDR 206th :122nd, 123rd and 146th CDR + 44th CDAR 207th : 138th and 139th CDR + 12th CDAR 208th : 133rd and 147th CDR + 28th CDAR 209th : 15th and 112th CDR + 41st CDAR 210th : 113th, 114th and 164th CDR 211th : 53rd, 118th and 143rd CDR + 49th CDAR 212th : 115th and 144th CDR + 45th CDAR 213th : 139th and 140th CDR + 22st CDAR 214th : 103rd and 148th CDR 215th : 6th, 14th and 108th CDR + 27th CDAR 216th : 12th and 13th CDR 220th : 111th and 152nd CDR 221st : 4th and 8th CDR 222nd : 74th, 89th, 151st and 163rd CDR 223rd : 82nd and 512th CDR 224th : 82nd and 81st CDR 225th : 172nd and 173rd CDR + 52nd CDAR 226th : 170th, 171st and 181st CDR + 53rd CDAR 227th : 141st and 145th CDR Notes: A 230th Costal Division was formed the very day of the Allies landing in Sicily, with elements from the 202nd Costal division and a few extra reinforceents.