CRAWFORD (Cafford)

"Magna Charta"

"Magna Charta" Part VIII by John S. Wurts Pedigree 4H p 2911
"Descendants of the Emperor Charlemagne, Medieval and Modern Kings, Knights of the Garter and Sureties for the Magna Charta of A.D. 1215


Descendants of Malcolm Crawford


Malcolm Crawford

MALCOLM CRAWFORD was born in Kilbirnie, Scotlamd married Margaret Cunningham.

Children of Malcolm Crawford and Margaret Cunningham
1. Alexander Crawford m Mary Crichton
2. JOHN CRAWFORD, b 1600 Ayshire, Scotland d 1676 James City, VA

John Crawford

JOHN CRAWFORD (Crafford) was born 1600 in Ayshire, Scotland, and died in 1676 in James City, Virginia. He married ca 1597 in Ayrshire, Scotland, wife's name unknown. John migrated to Jamestown in 1643 and was killed during Bacon's Rebellion in 1676.

Reference: "Magna Charta" Part VIII by John S. Wurts p 2915, and "The Meriwethers and Their Connections" by Nelson Heath.

Child of John Crawford and ---- unknown ----
1. DAVID CRAWFORD, b 1623/25 Kilbernie, Ayrshire, Scotland d 13 Dec 1689 New Kent, New Kent Co, VA

David Crawford

DAVID CRAWFORD was born 1623/25 in Kilbernie, Ayrshire, Scotland, and died 13 Dec 1689 in New Kent, New Kent County, Virginia. He married in 1654/56 to Jane ---- born 1633 in Virginia. Various spellings in legal documents have the Crawford name as Craford or Crafford. In 1667, David had 86 acres of land located in the parish of Martyn's Hundred in James City County granted by Sir William Berkeley, the Governor of the Colony of Virginia. The second grant of land to David was in 1672 for 1000 acres of land as "lying in ye branches of Mattadegun Creeke, in New Kent County" for having brought into the colony twenty persons. He acquired other lands: 1,350, 375, 1,300, 277, and 196 acres, most in St. Paul's Parish and St Peter's Parish in New Kent County or Hanover County.

"David Crawford belonged to the slave-holding aristocacy of the Old Dominion which so closely resembled the feudal nobility of earlier times." He certaintly had Indian servants whom he said he had purchased. The way of life in Virginia at this period became very gracious for those who could afford it. Almost from one generation to the next, this class went from primitive shelters to homes built of brick. Mostly constructed of two stories, these homes had large rooms and high ceilings, large windows with glass to take care of the heat in summer. The kitchen and any other areas which were considered other than living areas were separated. So was born the southern tradition of the 'main' house surrounded by smaller buildings for cooking, washing, and dairy products.

Reference: "The Meriwethers and Their Connections" by Nelson Heath Meriweather, Chapter III Nicholas Meriwether II (1667-1744) p 55, This Crawford History is taken from Mrs. Frank Armstrong (Crawford) Vanderbilt's "Laurus Crawfordiana: Memorials of that branch of the Crawford family which comprises the descendants of John Crawford, of Virginia, 1660-1883" (New York, privately printed, 1883), "Statutes at Large; A Collection of all the Laws of Virginia" Volume V, by William Waller Hening p. 257 September 1744 18th George II Chap. XXIV.

Children of David Crawford and Jane ----
1. Judith Crawford, b 1658 New Kent Co, VA m Robert Lewis
2. Angeline Crawford, b Apr 1660 New Kent Co, VA d Apr 1766 m William McGuire
3. David Crawford II, b 1662 New Kent Co, VA d Sep 1762 Amherst, VA m Nov 1695 Jamestown, VA Elizabeth Smith.
4. John Crawford, b Oct 1664 New Kent Co, VA d 13 Dec 1689 St. Peter Parish, New Kent Co, VA
5. Sarah Crawford, b 1666 New Kent Co, VA d 1752 Louisa Co, VA m 1696 Thomas Poindexter
6. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD, b 1671/72 New Kent Co, VA d 1753/62 Louisa Co, VA

Elizabeth Crawford

ELIZABETH CRAWFORD was born in 1671 or 1672 in New Kent County, Virginia, and died sometime between 1753 and 1762 in Louisa County, Virginia. She married in 1688 or 1689 in New Kent County to Nicholas Meriwether II, son of Nicholas Meriwether and Elizabeth Woodhouse.

Children of Elizabeth Crawford and Nicholas Meriwether
1. Jane Meriwether, b 1680-1705, Goochland Co, VA d 1753-57 m 1724-1725, Glouester, VA Col. Robert Lewis
2. Thomas Meriwether, b 1682-91 Goochland, VA
3. William Meriwether, b 1683-92, New Kent, VA d 1756 m 1713 Elizabeth Bushrod
4. Nicholas Meriwether, b 04 Jul 1684 Goochland, VA d 1739 m Mildred Thornton
5. David Meriwether, b 1689-90 Goochland, Virginia d 25 Dec 1744 Louisaco, VA m 1711-13 New Kent, VA, Anne Holmes
6. Elizabeth Meriwether, b 20 Jun 1690 Goochland, VA d 01 Jan 1724-25 m Thomas Bray
7. ANN (Anne) MERIWETHER, b 15 Jul 1694 Goochland, VA d 1780-85 Louisa Co, VA m (1) in VA, Thomas Johnson (2) in 1750-52 John Cosby
8. Sarah Meriwether, b 07 Dec 1697 Goochland, VA d 02 Jul 1733 m William Littlepage
9. Mary Meriwether, b 1698-1707 New Kent, Albemarle, VA d 1745 m. John Aylett

A Little Bit of History

Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon's Rebellion was fueled by two ingredients, fear and taxes. The fear of Indian attacks and anger over additional taxes for the building of forts which Governor Berkeley wanted left the frontiersman feeling angry and defenseless particularly after the killing of 36 Virginians and the destruction of 60 frontier plantations in January 1676. The frontiersman knew forts would be no protection for families working the land.

The colonists were prohibited from doing business with any country expect England and high taxes were levied on every import and export. With prices set in London for the main crop, tobacco, colonists felt their every action was controlled by a government that could care less about their comfort or safety. Added to this caldron was the widespread graft and favoritism under Berkeley's regium.

A frontier army gathered in Charles City County and asked Nathaniel Bacon to lead them against the Indians. Bacon, born in 1647 in England, was a newcomer to Virginia, having arrived in 1674, but he already owned two plantations and had obtained a seat on the Governor's Council, probably through the influence of an older cousin (also named Nathaniel Bacon). After his upper plantation was attacked and his overseerer tomahawked, Bacon accepted the leadership of the frontier army and asked Berkeley for a commission to led a punitive expedition against the Indians. Berkeley refused to issue the commission but Bacon went ahead and led several disastrous expeditions against the Indians. During the next few months, colonists not only attacked and fought Indians but they also raided, burned and in some cases killed several of Governor Berkeley's cronies. Bad feelings continued to exculate until the commulation in the burning of Jamestown on 19 September 1676. Bacon died of a fever 26 Oct 1676 in Gloucester County, Virginia and the Rebellion faded away without his leadership by the end of 1676. Berkeley had executed 23 rebels before his departure for England on 5 May 1677.

Although Bacon's Rebellion did little to change matters in the next decade or so, the ideas expressed in this revolt sparked the ultimate rebellion which resulted in the Declaration of Independence one hundred years later.

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