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What Is Parapet Wall?

The Parapet Wall is an extension of the wall at the edge of the roof that creates a barrier and it can be used for more than a roof, including balconies, terraces, walkways, and other structures. These walls can be constructed using various materials like reinforced cement concrete, steel, aluminum & glass, etc.

BoQ means a bill of quantity is a document prepared by a cost estimation to calculate the exact costing of project work by multiplying item work by their rate. It is the most important document for tendering and contracting. Bill of quantity gives an idea about the cost of a project that is tendering firm willing to offer.


The flights of stairs may be built as a series of horizontal open treads with a space riser and tread (as in a ladder or a foot-over bridge) or as enclosed steps with a vertical face between the treads, known as the riser. The enclosure or portion of the building including types of stairs is known as a parts of staircase.


During Building Construction Steps

  1. Site Preparation or Levelling work.
  2. Excavation and PPC.
  3. Foundation.
  4. Plinth Beam or Slab.
  5. Superstructure – Column
  6. Brick Masonry Work.
  7. The Lintel Over types of Door Window Gaps. and types of wood



In India, the Top 10 construction companies In India industry stands to be the second-largest after agriculture. The construction sector drives India’s overall development. It consists of three segments, namely,



Top Tiles Brands In India are thin objects, generally square or rectangular in shape. The tile is a manufactured portion of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, baked clay, or even glass. Tiles are widely utilized for flooring in the kitchen, bathrooms, parking lots, rooftops and are similarly utilized as tabletops for dining rooms.



Different types of internal walls and their used as follows,

  • Wall is constructed to define the area in the building.
  • It also functions to define the boundaries of a specific area.
  • In a load bearing structure wall carries load of a building and transfer it to the foundation.
  • In various circumstances wall also carries the load of the roof slab.
  • It acts as a sound barrier to provide comfort against outside noise.
  • It ensures privacy and also provides security.
  • Wall is the structure that defines the building hence is one of the most important superstructures.

What Is Countertop?


What Is Fencing?

Installing the fencing around your home boundary will not only play a role in the exterior design of your home but also give one of the most important benefits for all houses like security & safety. There are different types of fencing are available for a yard. That all types vary in their durabilityappearance, and level of maintenance.


What Is Anti Termite Treatment?

Anti termite treatment is a chemical procedure carried out for soil, masonry, wood, and electrical fixtures to provide the building with a chemical barrier against the subterranean termites before and after construction.


What Is Structural Load?

Structural loads in buildings produce various types of load such as deformationsstresses, or displacements. Structural loads are an important factor in the design of buildings. There are different types of load that act on a structure such as vertical load (dead load, Live load), horizontal load (earthquake load, wind load) and longitudinal load, etc.


What Is Skirting?

Skirting tiles are the Tiles or Board that lay in the corner or junction of the floor and wall. The Skirting boards help your room look bigger than it actually is, as the eye will move towards the floor and up the wall, which creates seamless effect by a transition between floor and wall.


What Is Building Layout?

building layout indicates the foundation plan on a ground surface, as shown in its drawings so that in order to carry out excavation, the positions, as well as orientation of the structure, can be precisely defined.


What Are Bridges?

The bridge is a rigid structure that allows the movement of vehicles and people to cross an obstacle like a streamriver, canal, valley, heavy traffic road, etc.

The following are types of bridges based on various parameters,



  • Timber Bridge
  • Stone Masonry Bridge
  • RCC Bridge
  • Steel Bridge
  • Prestress Bridge
  • Composite Bridge


Introduction To Steel Piles


Steel piles and steel pipe piles are widely used in large construction sites such as harborsbridge constructionretaining wallscofferdam, pile foundation, and others. Steel piles are more suitable for soft thick groundBecause in this type of soil the bearing strata are available in the deeper layer.


Architectural Symbols

Architects must have knowledge of different types of architectural symbols and signs that are generally used in drawing. All drawings prepared by the architect must be understandable by general people who are connected with construction projects.


Signs of Water Damage In House 

Most people like to think that we will be able to spot signs of water damage in our homes. But the damage is not always immediately visible on the home.

Water is extensively damaging to the structure of the home or the aesthetic appearance of a home.


What Is OTS In House?

OTS is full form is Open To Sky. It is an area in a house plan, which directly opens to the sky and is covered by fiberglass or some other translucent materialOpen To Sky (OTS) is an area in a house plan, which doesn’t have a roof.


3 Types of Stones Used In Construction


Stone is the prime material of building construction. Because it has more durablestrongstiff, and free from defects like cracksoft patch of material, etc. Types of Stone is the prime material of building construction. Because it has more durablestrongstiff, and free from defects like cracksoft patch of material, etc.


What Is Canal Irrigation?


canal Irrigation is an artificial channel, generally trapezoidalconstructed to convey water from riversreservoirs, etc. for several purposes like irrigationpower generation, navigation, etc.


Types of Paint Brushes and Their Uses

Choosing new colors for your home is the most exciting work. We can probably spend hours for searching inspirational looks but not think about which types of painting brush is used.


What Is Aluminium Paint?


Aluminium paint is filled with aluminium flakes and solventbased paint. This paint gives an aluminium kind of touchAluminium paint can resist temperatures up to 150 degrees C. Also it resists corrosion due to water resistance properties.


Bar Bending Schedule (BBS)


Bar bending schedule is a table form data in which various diameters of steel, the shape of bending, length of each bent and straight portions, angles of bending, the total length of each bar, and a number of each type of bar. This information is very useful for site engineer who is working on-site and while preparing estimate and bills of work.


What Is False Ceiling?

False Ceiling is different from a standard ceiling which is made from decorative material such as gypsum board, PVC panels, and tiles, etc. There is an empty space left between the standard ceiling and the false ceiling. The f alse ceiling design materials are excellent materials to use to improve soundproofing in halls and auditoriums.


Types of Houses In India

The Types of houses are different from ancient times to modern times. Because of changes in people lifestyle. Today numbers of factors are responsible to buy a house in India.


What Are Transom Windows?

A transom window it means that is placed or installed just above the door and window of the house. It is one type of decorative window. It is also known as the “transom light” because it can able to let more natural light or ventilation.


What Are Standard Window Size?


The main purpose of standard window size is to give a proper amount of air circulation and ventilation to the closed enclosure. Also, the size of the window depends upon the room and also the location of the room according to the wind direction follow in the plot region.


Difference Between Wood and Timber

The difference between wood and timber is that Wood is a hard fibrous material that forms the main substance of the trunk or branches of a tree or shrub used for fuel or timber. Whereas, Timber is prepared for use in building and carpentry, trees grown for timber, or a wooden beam or board used in building a house, ship, or other structure.


What Is Bay Windows?


The bay window is just a multi-panel window that extends beyond a building’s outside wall. The outward protrusion, which is stabilized by the sill height wall, generates a bay or even interior recess.


Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete


Steel Fiber Concrete is a type of reinforced concrete. Steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) as the name suggests that is made up of composite materials such as cementsandaggregatewatergravelsteel fiber, and admixture. In this concrete fiber, steel fiber is an additional ingredient.

Classification Of Roads

The classification of roads supported traffic volume of tonnage have been arbitrily fixed by different agencies and there might not be a standard agreement regarding the bounds for every of classification group.


20×50 House Plan

If your plot size is 20×50 feet, it means you have a 1000 square feet area then here are some best 20×50 house plans.

30×40 House Plans


If your plot size is 30×40 feet, it means you have a 1200 square feet area then here are some best 30×40 house plans.


East Facing House Plan as per Vastu Shastra Download Pdf


According to Vastu shastrathe east is the most beneficial direction. East symbolizes life as God Sunrises from this direction. Sun brings light and energy to this world and this is why east facing house plan are considered best for any type of construction.


Free Download Best 3 Bedroom House Plan


The ower of a house may require 1 bedroom house plan, 2 bedroom house plan or 3 bedroom house plans. The requirement of each and every house is different from each other.