NELSON MORAES RABBIT SKINS - PELTS - FURS - HIDES Wholesale to the public IMPORTER - EXPORTER Email [email protected] Moorestown, NJ - 08057 RABBIT SKINS 3skins Click on images to enlarge and more info. brown white gray 1 2 3
A few words about the quality of rabbit skins. GARMENT QUALITY Usually they are 1/3 larger than the average rabbit skin. Also they are used to line jackets and garments. CRAFT QUALITY Craft skins are used in craft projects, cut up and decoration. We don't have control for size in this grade, some of skins will be larger than average and some smaller. They are full size skins, not pieces. Volume X Price 1 to 11 12 to 50 51 to 99 100 or more $ 5.00 ea. $ 4.75 ea $ 4.50 ea. $ 4.25 ea.
RESOURCES About grades * About colors * About shipping * About the use of rabbit skins About Tanning Rabbit Skins * Soaking and Cleaning Rabbit skins * Hare or Rabbit The Rabbit Skins Martket * Rabbit Skin Hair * Rabbit Skins x Mink Skins * Rabbit Skin Care * Rabbit Glossary * Rabbit Skin blanket * Production of quality Rabbit Skins About grades Most of the United states importers of rabbit skins rely on overseas tanneries to grade the skins. It is necessary to have a lot of experience and lots of time to grade rabbit skins. We sell only two types of skins: craft and garment. Does exist anothers types of skins, it is possible to select them in 6 or more grades, depends on how pick you want to be. As you can see, selecting rabbit skins need lot of experience and good sense. Now we are going to try to explain each grades and the best application for them. - Reject grade means very low quality. The hairs come in different sizes and density, also in very different directions - the best application to this kind of rabbit skins are to cut them into small straps or just cut the hair and use them in some thing else. - Clipper grade means low quality skin. Most the times these kind of skins are chrome tanned. These skins are used to line the inside gloves, test clipper machines and to make handcraft. - Craft grade means reasable quality and small size. It has small defects as little holes and some hairs in different directions. They're used for cutting into small pieces for hand crafts projects, gifts and novelty. Craft rabbit skins is the one sold the most for handcrafts and stores. - Gift grade means better than the craft. Most of these rabbit skins are sold as gifts. - Grament grade means a very good quality rabbit skins. They are most used by the fashion industry. About colors Natural - Dyed - Bleached Natural colors can be black, white, fawn, spotted, mix and much more. Dyed colors or artificial color are the ones that have been dyed to be used in many differents projetcs. Dyed rabbit skins usually comes in bright color such hot pink, orange, blue, red, black, yellow, green, fluorescent, black, etc. Bleached White skins are the ones that have been treated with bleach to get the skin even brighter or totaly white. You are able to see the difference between a natural white color and a bleached white color. Shipping Informations DOMESTIC SHIPPING We ship by US Post Office - priority mail 2 to 3 days service. Exemple of shipping: The cost to mail 01 rabbit skin will be $ 6.50 by USPS priority mail 2 to 3 days, anywhere in the lower 48 states. The cost to mail 50 Rabbit skins will be $18.50 by USPS priority mail 2 to 3 days, anywhere in the lower 48 states. The cost to mail 100 Rabbit skins will be $25.50 by USPS priority mail 2 to 3 days, anywhere in the lower 48 states. The cost to mail 12 Rabbit skins to Alaska by USPS will be $11.50 by USPS priority mail 2 to 3 days. INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING We use Global Express Mail Service to mail small quantities of rabbit skins internationally, which takes 3 - 5 days, tracking code is included. 100 rabbit skins will weigh around 10-13 pounds for regular rabbits. Add some pounds 1 or 2 for the weight of the box. The cost of shipping varies from one destination to the next. Please, look at the U.S. Postal Service's website - for checking the postage amounts. A shipment "Global EMS" (express 3 to 5 days ) to the Europe cost $75.00 Allow some delay for customs clearance. Second option: "air mail" takes 4-10 business days by regular air mail, there is no tracking number and no guarantee delivery time. Third option: "Surface (sea)", takes to 4-6 weeks. Mailing 100 rabbit skins to Chile is $75.00 for air mail (4-10 days) and $ 45.00 for surface mail (4-6 weeks). There is no tracking number and no guarantee delivery time. Rabbit skins can be exported without obtaining an export permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. About the use of rabbit skins The skins can be used for garments, blankets, fur, costumes, handycrafts, line gloves, toys, jewelry, small rugs, display, also you can resale them and make some extra $$$. About Tanning Rabbit Skins There are several differents methods used for tanning rabbit skins. The process involves softening, removal of the fat and flesh, and removal of oil in the skin. Open the skin along the ventral side and scrape adhering flesh and fat from the skin using a knife or similar object. Removing all oil is very important for proper tanning. Working the skin in fat solvent is desirable to remove the last traces of fat. Dried rabbit skins are softened by soaking in several changes of water for 1-3 hours. The time required for softening varies; soaking time is kept to a minimum since excessive soaking tends to loosen the hair. Add borax or bicarbonate of soda (+ - 1 ounce per gallon) aids in softening, soap or detergent aids in removal of the fat. About Soaking & Cleaning Rabbit skins Soak the skin in several changes of clear water. Soaking time depends upon the condition of the skin; some skins require only two hours, while others need a longer time. After the skin begins to soften, start working over the flesh side to break up the adhering tissue and fat. Dried skins have a tight layer of tissue that have to be broken up and removed; this can be done by scraping and soaking the hide. When the skin is almost soft, put it in lukewarm water containing 1 ounce of soda or borax per gallon; add soap to this solution. Use a paddle to stir the skin around in the solution. This treatment promotes softening, cleans the skin, and cuts the grease. Lie the skin on a smooth board, flesh-side up. Work the skin with the back edge of a knife flat against the side; rinse the skin thoroughly in lukewarm water. Squeeze out most of the water. Hare or Rabbit Classified as rodents, it was determined that lagomorphs should have their own separate order. They belong to the same family, but rabbits and hares are not the same animal. they are physically different, starting with birth. Hare gestation is longer... six weeks, and litter size is abou six. Doe hares do not make nests, they scrape out shallow holes in the ground. Hare's newborns is called leverets � who are furred, have open eyes and ears, and can run within minutes of birth. Leverets weigh five times the weight of newborn rabbits. Leverets nurse for as long as eight to 12 weeks, grow at a much faster than kits, and reach 90% of adult size at 12 weeks old. Once full grown, hares are solitary. Rabbit skins: A by-product of meat Rabbit fur production is not comparable with the production of other fur species. Mink, which tops the list of species bred essentially for its fur, supplies a world total of about 25 million to 35 million pelts a year whereas rabbit pelts are estimated at one billion. In France alone annual rabbit skin production tops 70 million. Few skins are now retrieved from slaughterhouses: they are simply thrown away. Those that are used fall into three categories: fur pelts for dressing, pelts for shorn hair (hair removed from skin) and skins for use as fertilizer. Origin of the by-product Intensive meat-rabbit production techniques in Europe are usually incompatible with production standards for quality fur pelts. In fact, the raw skin represents only a small percentage of the value of the living animal. Thus more and more frequently rabbits are slaughtered at an age or time of year when their coats have not fully developed. This is usually at 10 to 12 weeks when they still have an infant coat or are beginning the subadult moult. These thin, unstable coats are not suitable for furs. The only season when the adult coat is stable and homogeneous is winter. This is true of any animal over six months of age. The rest of the year there are always moult areas of greater or lesser size, so the coat is uneven and the hair is not firmly attached to the skin. Some summer coats can be homogeneous, especially those of rabbits that have completed the subadult moult, but the rabbits must be at least five months old. The summer coat is also thinner than the winter coat. This rather inflexible growth cycle and seasonal changes in the coat make simultaneous fur and meat production a problem and so fur can only constitute a by-product, especially in intensive production. However, no research has been done on moulting patterns in subtropical countries; the figures given here only really apply to temperate regions. The only quality skins are from adult rabbits, but the trend in modern rabbit production is to slaughter young, reducing the proportion of adult skins. In extensive production, rabbits are slaughtered at four to six months and this is the situation in many tropical countries. Therefore, quality skins could be produced in the tropics assuming the proper skinning and preserving techniques were used. Production of quality Rabbit Skins The main barrier to quality pelt production is slaughter age: the pelt must be big enough and the whole coat mature: i.e. a winter coat. The crucial times are moulting - juvenile moults for growing rabbits and seasonal moults for adults. Quite apart from rabbits slaughtered too young and those raised under poor conditions, the two major defects that make rabbit fur a downmarket product are the fragile guard hairs (long coarse hairs in the coat) which break off very easily and the unequal growth of the hair during adult seasonal moulting (zones with shorter or looser hairs). The Rex rabbit is free of the first defect because the coat contains no guard hairs, an advantage that places Rex furs in a select category of fur classification. The second defect can be ironed out by production techniques that synchronize moulting in all parts of the body. The combination of this technique with Rex production has made it possible for some rabbit fur to attain formerly unthinkable pinnacles of quality. Moulting Seasonal moults in adults. Seasonal moults in adults, which are ruled by seasonal photoperiodicity, occur in spring and autumn. The spring moults are spectacular, with visible loss of winter hair, but they are slow and irregular and rarely give an entirely stable coat in summer. This summer coat, thin and short, is not among the most prized - it weighs only 50 g. The autumn moult, on the other hand, reactivates all the hair follicles in a relatively short time. It gives longer hairs and above all multiplies the secondary hair follicles which produce part of the undercoat. The winter coat, which remains stable for several months, weighs approximately 80 g. This coat is the most highly prized of all and often the only one used by furriers. In addition, the network of collagen fibres of the derma is contracted and produces a finer and stronger skin. It is obviously preferable in a temperate climate to slaughter the animal at the onset of winter, as soon as the coat is mature, to ensure the least possible deterioration of the hair. Unfortunately no detailed study has been made in tropical or equatorial climates. Juvenile coats. There are three types of juvenile coat: that of the newborn rabbit, infant coats and subadult coats. The first two are unusable because they are too small. The coat of the newborn rabbit stops growing when the animal reaches 0.4 kg (for an average size breed); it weighs only 8 to 10 g. The infant coat is mature at around nine weeks and its weight depends on the rabbit's weight, since the number of hair follicles in development depends on the size of the skin area of the growing animal. If a rabbit weighs 0.5 kg at nine weeks it carries 15 g of hair, against 30 g for a rabbit weighing 1.1 kg. The coat is thus still light in weight and the hair is fine. The subadult coat becomes more interesting but the lengthy (four or five weeks) moult which produces it does not start until the rabbit reaches 1.7 to 1.9 kg. It matures, at the earliest, at four to five months (usually five). The weight of the coat, and hence hair length and density, also depends on the season in which the hair develops: 40 g in summer, 60 g in autumn or in winter, which is acceptable given the skin area. The subadult coat is therefore the first coat that could provide a fur. As a consequence, it is very difficult to obtain pelts for fur in intensive meat-production systems (slaughter at 11 weeks). However, a breeder might attempt to produce acceptable pelts for shorn hair by using simple measures. It is however quite possible to produce fur pelts under extensive production systems, by not pushing the animals' growth, feeding them a cheap but balanced diet and slaughtering them at the age of five or six months during the winter. It is also possible to produce fur pelts in intensive systems, provided that the rules detailed below are obeyed. Conditions for quality skin production Light. Newborn and subadult moults are not really ruled by seasonal photoperiodicity. They can be induced earlier by artificial lighting, but this calls for sophisticated installations (windowless housing) and the technique is complex (two different fattening periods with separate light regimes). Temperature does not govern moults, but if it is too hot the discomfort will make the rabbit eat less, and the coat will suffer accordingly. Hygiene. Any physiological imbalance or pathological disorder has immediate repercussions on the coat, even if it has reached maturity. It becomes dull and unkempt, the secretion of the sebaceous glands is disturbed and the rabbit neglects its grooming. A skin collected in this condition will never make a good fur. Normal hygienic procedures, valid whatever the production system, also favour the production of a quality pelt and help to avoid diseases which specifically affect the skin. This will be one of the most difficult problems for developing countries. Choice of breed and selection In making this choice there are two factors above all to be considered with relation to grading pelts: colour and size. Colour is a question of fashion but, as mentioned earlier, white is the most suitable as it is impervious to fashion changes because it can be dyed. It must be remembered that the trader is interested only in lots of four or five tonnes. Large pelts are the most prized; without going so far as to produce giant rabbits this means that midget breeds should be rejected. Finally, there is the structure of the coat: it should be homogeneous, with long hair and a thick undercoat well covered with silky guard hair. As has already been mentioned, the Rex breed produces an interesting and original pelt which is softer to the touch but tougher, recalling prestige furs such as chinchilla, moleskin or otter. Collection, preservation and storage of pelts Skinning Skinning should be carried out in a manner that ensures the largest possible skin surface, which is an important part of its value. The first cut is usually an incision at the hind feet, passing from one thigh to the other. The skin is then pulled off. The skin on the head is of no commercial value but it is preferable to keep it because it allows better stretching. This operation should be done with care to avoid mutilation, knife marks, grease (which oxidizes and burns the skin) or bloodstains. All these defects reduce the value of the pelt, especially when the coat is originally of good quality. The sequence of skinning operations is illustrated in Figure 48. Preservation Rabbit pelts are preserved by drying. This is a simple operation which can be done anywhere and costs little (the salt used to preserve the skins of other species can be expensive). Drying should start immediately after the skin has been removed. It must cool off quickly and dry out to prevent the action of enzymes in the derma which attack the hair root and cause the hair to fall. If fresh pelts are left in a pile for even a short time (more than 15 minutes) a rapid bacterial fermentation will set in and cause the hair to fall out in patches. Many pelts are lost this way through lack of elementary care. The skins are shaped on a frame. They should not be excessively stretched, nor should there be any creases. The frame can be a board or a steel wire frame (Figure 49). Straw should not be used as padding as it can deform the pelt in places. During drying, air should circulate freely and the skins should not come into contact with one another. It is unacceptable to accelerate drying by exposing the skins to the sun or to hot air; above 50�C the collagen of the derma is altered irreversibly and the skin cannot be processed. They should be dried in the shade or in the dark in a well-aired dry place (optimum temperature 18� to 22�C). Twenty-four hours later it is best to remove fatty deposits on the shoulders and belly to avoid local hotspots. Packaging and storage The pelts are arranged in piles when they are perfectly dry in a cool airy room, with insecticide (naphthaline) between each layer of skin. It is best to grade the pelts without delay, the grading being more or less elaborate according to the size of the stock in question. At least the different qualities should be separated immediately and the white pelts from the coloured. Whether the destination of the pelt is fur or hair production, all operations from skinning to storage must be carried out with care and attention. The slightest fault in handling results in a lowering of grade, which is all the more serious when a high-quality skin is involved and all the work carried out previously is lost. The greater the homogeneity and quality of the pelts the more attractive they will be to the trader, which is particularly important at times of market depression. If it is intended to extend rabbit production in a country for the profitable sale of the pelts, training should not be underestimated. Training will be needed not only in production, particularly in teaching producers how to recognize the state of maturity, but also in the care needed in skinning the animal and in preserving and storing the pelt. Experience with hides and skins of other species shows the extent of losses due to negligence (in some countries only one pelt remains from every three animals slaughtered). Perhaps bad habits can more easily be avoided when a new animal-production sector is introduced. Conclusions on fur production There is no hope of supplying quality furs under current rational production conditions for meat rabbits, particularly those slaughtered at 11 weeks. Skins, however, may be recovered for the three separate purposes of hair (felt), hides (fertilizer, glue) and sometimes dressed skins. Quality pelts can be produced in extensive rabbit production systems if the producer is mindful of the moulting periods and waits until the subadult pelt is mature before slaughtering the young rabbit. The fur will be even thicker and more compact if slaughter is scheduled for a favourable photo period, i.e. when the days are short. As regards the introduction or extension of rabbit production for pelts in developing countries, the following points should be considered: � training of the future producer, specifically in the production of quality pelts; � production of quality pelts in sufficient quantity to make up homogeneous lots for trade, concentrating on a limited number of pelt types, in particular as concerns colour; � coat structure (density, silkiness) and the size of the skin are important considerations in selecting the breed. There is not much point in pinning great hopes on obtaining high-quality pelts in hot climates. Upmarket furs can also be produced in rational systems provided special strains such as the Rex are used. The look and feel of this fur is now much in demand. There must be specific production techniques geared to fur production (meat, even though it may be of better quality, is here the by-product). Compared with conventional intensive production, the fattening units must be modified: windowless buildings for artificial illumination, large individual cages. The diet must also be modified (rationing) and slaughter specifically timed. Skinning, drying and preservation require great care. The skins are usually sold raw to furriers, for small-scale tanning operations often lack the qualities to produce high value added upmarket furs. Source: Fur Rabbit pelts are minor by-products of the rabbit business. Rabbit hair is used for producing high grade felt, such as the felt used in making hats; angora rabbits produce for wool, which is spun pure or sometimes mixed with fine sheep wools; rabbit furs can be grouped into three categories, Rex furs, Normal furs, and Satin furs. Rex and Satin furs are the most popular and they are used in the natural state. The Satin is rare and is used much less than the Rex. 40 to 50 rabbit pelts are needed to make a full-length coat. Origin / Habitat The rabbit is native to western Europe and northwestern Africa. After it was taken by humans to Great Britain, Australia, South and North America. Rabbits are beautiful animals that live in open fields. They are nocturnal, coming out of the burrows in the evening and retiring in the early morning. They eat grasses and other herbaceous plants. Rabbits come in differents sizes and colors. Small breedss weigh less than 2 kg; medium breeds 2-5 kg; large breeds weigh greater than 5 kg. The English and Dutch breeds are fancy breeds. Fryers are young rabbits, less than 12 weeks old, weigh between 1 � and 3 � pounds. Roasters are mature rabbits, 8 months an d older, and weigh over 4 pounds. Research Near 500,000 rabbits are used annually by biomedical research labs. The breed of rabbit most used in research is the New Zealand White. Rabbits are used for ophthalmology, atherosclerosis, teratology, cosmetics and antibody reserch. Handling When you lift a rabbit, rabbits are capable of inflicting injury to the handler with their claws, particularly the rear claws. Proper handling and good sense will prevent such injury. To carry a rabbit you have to support the animal�s body between the forearm and abdomen of the handler, put the rabbit�s face under the handler�s elbow. Anatomy Adult body weight: NZW: 2 - 6 kg Life span: 5 - 6 years Respiratory rate: 35 - 60 breaths/minute Heart rate: 130 - 320 beats Nutrition The rabbit cannot vomit, like the rat and horse. Rabbits are coprophagous. They eat soft, moist fecal pellets produced at night. it is consumed directly from the anus, housing on wire-bottomed floors will not prevent coprophagy. Rabbits should eat a commercial pelleted rabbit diet; water should be provided freely. If supplements are offered, they should not be more than 15% of the diet. Reproduction Female rabbits are called does, male are called bucks. Medium-sized breeds starts breeeding at 5-6 months for does, and 1 month later for bucks. Domestic rabbits have no regular estrus cycle. They may have periods of anestrus and 1-2 day periods of non-receptivity every 4-17 days. Rabbits are induced ovulators; ova are released 10-13 hours following copulation. The average gestation period is 32 days. The average litter size is 7-8. The young weigh 30-100 grams at birth, are hairless, and have closed eyelids. Cannibalism is rate. Eyes open at about 10-12 days, the young begin to eat solid food at about three weeks, and weaning occurs at 4-6 weeks. Young rabbits are sexed by observing the external genitalia. Females have an elongated vulva with a slit opening, males have a rounded protruded penile sheath with a rounded urethral opening. Diseases of the Rabbit Bacterial Diseases Blue fur disease: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, water in crocks, poor husbandry. Colibacillosis: E. coli Pasteurellosis (sniffles): Pasteurella multocida Salmonellosis: Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis Treponematosis: Treponema cuniculi Tyzzer�s Disease: Bacillus piliformis Tularemia: Francisella tularensis Fungal Diseases Trichophyton mentagrophytes Viral Diseases Myxomatosis Viral Hemorrhagic Disease Parasitic Diseases Baylisascaria procyonis Dermatoxys veligeria Encephalitozoonosis: Encephalitozoon cunicili Hepatic coccidiosis: Eimeria stiedae Intestinal cocidiosis: Eimeria spp. Passalurus ambiguus Psoroptes cuniculi: Rabbit ear mite. Taenia pisiformis Taenia serialis Biology of the Rabbit Order: Lagamorpha Family: Leporidae Genus: Lepus, hares Genus: Cylvilagus, cottontail rabbit Genus & Species: Oryctolagus cuniculus, European or true rabbit SKINNIG How to remove the pelt from the body or carcass. First you have to tie both back legs to a tree limb. Use a sharp knife and make an incision from the hock to the vent, then cut the tail on the underside from the vent to it's tip. Pull the pelt up away from the leg and cut the membrane that holds the skin to the meat and pull the pelt off the carcass. If the carcass is still fresh and warm, the pelt will pull away easily. If the carcass is cold, it must be cut carefully, speacialy at the head, neck and tail. The Rabbit Skins Market The rabbit fur industry in the U.S. is a market that offer a extra income to backyard-butchered. But the influx of inexpensive imported rabbit skin from China, provoqed a dramatic fall of income. Imported rabbit skins or pelts can be purchased or sold at prices lower than what it can be done in American. The american market is vast and still exist chances for quantities of U.S. grown rabbit pelts at reasonable prices. A small market exist for fryer pelts to be used for hats. The competion with the inexpensive imported f ryer pelts are extremely hard and with the expense of shipping to the buyer placed upon the shipper. The market of Rex rabbit fur pelt remains in short supply and are good reasons for that. Prime Rex rabbit skins most times are used for the making of exquisite garments, accessories and crafts. Prime pelts come only from fully developed and mature rabbits. Prime quality Rex rabbit skins normally occurs between 6 to 7 months of age. The greatest demand for rabbit skins or pelts is garment or product. Most breeders involved in the rabbit fur industry will tan the hides and make them into garments and craft items. Fryer-aged rabbit pelts are used for trimmings on doll clothes and craft items, while prime pelts are made into garments. These items will be marketed directly to the public, or sold to retail stores. Rabbit Skin Hair Rabbit hair is the fur of the rabbit. The most common use is the making of coats and fur hats. Rabbit hair is considered a byproduct of the process of breeding rabbits for meat. The quality of fur tends to be low if the rabbits are slaughtered before reaching twelve weeks old and still have the infant coat. In order to get the highest quality furs the rabbits suppose to be slaughtered in the winter time and from rabbits over five months old, when the thickness of the fur is even; at other times of year, varying degrees of hair shedding causes uneven patches in the fur. The coat is also at its thickest at this time of year. The hair of the Angora rabbit skin is the best due to its length. Rabbit Skins x Mink Skins Rabbit skin production can not be comparable with another skin production. rabbit is bred for meat, the skin is a subproduct. Mink is a specie bred for fur production, the value of their skins is much highter. The world total production of mink skins tops 25 millions units. The annual rabbit skin production in France tops the 70 million units. Rabbit Skin Care The cares that the conservation requires are not difficult. Above all should be avoided marks or more deep wrinkles, because it begins to damaged the skins. Stuffing inside the skin long and well dry straw of cereals, or virutas small or cut role in you throw thin. It is precise that the backfill be carried out conscientiously, and thus the rabbit skin will appear smooth completely and will be presented smooth and without the smaller fold. Introducing in the rabbit skin, when is tender, a rod of flexible wood, that doubles in the shape of OR, with the part arched toward the interior and the extremes excelling al exterior. The rod by a thick wire can be substituted or for some pieces that are sold in hardware and that they are built by the way for the laid out one of the rabbit skins. These methods are good, but the preferably one is the rods, therefore the wires to the better oxidize, other they do too much pressure or they deform and as consequence, one must substitute them. With it to have taken the precaution to avoid the wrinkles has not finished the work that requires - complicated well little work - the conservation of the rabbit skins. So these spoil not themselves, are necessary other precautions, that assure the good state of the merchandise and their good aspect. CONSERVATION AND DRIED To obtain the skin be conserved during some months and to eliminate every risk of damage, is convenient, and little less than necessary, in the first term, to remove of the skin the particles of meat or grease that may have been able to remain adhered al leather. With such end, as quick as be smooth, the skin of a dust secant will be impregnated and absorbent that al own time be an antip�trido energetic. Al can be employed vegetable coal dust effect, pepper, talco or very fine sawdust of wood. So the rabbit skin can be impregnated as is desired of that substance preservadora, proceeds putting in the bottom of a box a layer of that dust, on the one that the skin is placed so that the part of the hair be the one that be in contact with the antip�trido. Later it extends another layer exceeds the or the skins -according to the capacity of the box-, and so on until the container is full and all the skins in contact with the dust. Rabbit Glossary Abcess - A purulent matter occurring in the rabbit's skin. Agouti color pattern - A hair that has three or more bands of color with a break between each color. ARBA - American Rabbit Breeders Association. BIS - Best in Show. A rabbit show award. BOB - Best of Breed. A rabbit show award. BOS - Best of Opposite Sex. A rabbit show award. BOSV - Best of Opposite Sex of Variety. A rabbit show award. BOV - Best of Variety. A rabbit show award. Back - The top portion of the rabbit, from neck to tail. Bell Ears - Ears that have large tips. Belly - The lower part of the body. The abdomen. Belt - The line where the colored portion of the body meets the white portion. Blaze - A white area on the head and nose running up between the eyes on rabbits. Boils - The same as Abscess. Bowed Legs - Legs bent like a bow. Breed - A race class of domestic rabbits Breeder - A person who raises a breed or varieties of rabbits. Breeding Certificate - A written certificate showing its pedigree and the date of breeding. Given to prove the ancestry of the young. Broken Coat -Mmissing in spots. Areas where the coat is affected by molt. Broken Ear - A break in the cartilage which prevents erect ear carriage. Broken Tail - A tail that is broken or/and is out of line. Buck - A male rabbit. Buff - A golden orange color with a creamy cast. Bull Dog - A short, broad, bold head of masculine appearance. Butterfly - A dark-colored area on the rabbit's nose. Carcass Weight - The weight of the rabbit after it has been processed. Carriage - The way a rabbit carries itself. Cheek - The sides of the face s. Chest - The front portion of the body. Condition - The physical state of a rabbit. Density - Quality of a thick coat. Doe - A female rabbit. Fine Coat - The condition of a coat that is too fine in texture. Flat Coat - The condition of a coat that lies flat to the body. Flying Coat - The condition of a coat that is loose and fluffy. Foreign Color - A color of fur or eyes that is different from the prescribed standard of perfection. Four Class Rabbits - There are four show classes for these rabbits: senior bucks, senior does, junior bucks, and junior does. Genotype - The genetically characteristics of the rabbit stock. Gestation - The period of time of pregnancy. Normal length is 28-32 days. Inherited - The degree to which a characteristic is passed on from a parent to offspring. Intermediate - A show class term referring to rabbits that are at least 6 months old and no older than 8 months and that fulfill the weight requirements of the breed. Kindling - The process of giving birth to kits. Kit - Baby rabbit. Lapin - French word for rabbit. Litter - Young rabbits . Loose Coat - The condition of fur lacking density in the undercoat. Lopped Ear - Pendulous ear. Luster - Brightness of fur. Molt (Moult) - The process of shedding the fur twice each year. Nest Box - A kindling box inside the hutch. Pair - A male and a female rabbit. Pedigree - A written chart of the male and female ancestors of a rabbit. Phenotype - The appearance of the rabbit. Processing - The process of killing a rabbit for market. Rabbitry - A rabbit-raising place where rabbits are kept. Racy - Means slim, trim, harelike, alert, and active. Registration - The process of certifying that a rabbit meets the qualifications established by the ARBA for that breed. Rump - The hind of the back and bones. Sandy - The color of sand. Screw Tail - A tail that is twisted. Senior - A show class term for a 6 months of age and older; 8 months of age and older in those breeds having three show classes (Junior, Intermediate, and Senior). Service - The mating act of the buck with the doe. Slipping Coat - A coat that is shedding . Slobbers - Excessive salivation. Snaky - A term for narrow body. Snipey - Narrow and elongated head. Stocky - Means compact. Symmetry - A harmonious proportion of body. Type - Body conformation of a rabbit. Variety - A subdivision of standard breed. Wool - A term to the fur of Angora rabbits. Rabbit Skin Blanket A rabbit skin blanket was worn by the Kaibab Paiute to keep. It also used for sleeping. To make a rabbit blanket, you have first to make the strings. Rabbit skins have to be cut into strips. The Kaibab Paiute Indians made this blanket. Production of quality Rabbit Skins The bigest barrier to quality rabbit skin production is slaughter age: the skin has to be big enough and the whole coat mature. The two major defects that make rabbit skins a downmarket product are the fragile guard hairs which break off very easily and the unequal growth of the hair during adult seasonal moulting. The Rex rabbit is free of the first defect because the coat contains no guard hairs, an advantage that places Rex skins in a select category of fur classification. The second defect can be ironed out by production techniques that synchronize moulting in all parts of the body.
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