External Exam

Past Paper

1. List the bones found in the skull:

Mandible, zygomatic, Maxillae, Frontal

2.Number of arches of the foot:

4: medial longitudinal arch, lateral longitudinal arch, anterior transverse arch, posterior transverse arch

3. Types of bones:

5: Long, short, irregular, flat, sesamoid

4. Bones of shoulder girdle

Clavicle and scapula

5. bones of the wrist:


6. Bone tissue:

Compact, cancellous

7. Energy centre of the cell:


8. Connective tissue:


9. Types of muscle tissue

3: voluntary, involuntary, cardiac

10. Largest vein in the body

inferior vena cava

11. Ordinary movement of muscles caused by:

impulses from nerves

12. Muscles of the back:

Erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum

13. Preventing muscle from functioning properly:

build up of lactic acid

14. The letter A in the nervous system stands for:


15. Muscle attaches to bone:


16. Skin layer with melanin:

Prickle cell layer

17. Hair composed of:


18. Muscle that is attached to a hair:

Arrector pili

19. Digestion starts:

In the Mouth

20. Vitamins stored in Liver:

Fat soluble vitamins: A, D, E, K (vitamin C is water soluble so it is not stored in the liver)

21. Functions of large intestine:

removal of waste food products

22. Membrane that covers lungs:


23. Number of lobes in left lung:

left lung 2 lobes as it is smaller to accommodate heart. (Right lung has 3 lobes)

24. Lungs expel:

Carbon dioxide CO2.

25. Blood travels to lungs:

Via pulmonary artery

26. Smells transmitted to the brain

From the olfactory bulb

27. Organ that secretes insulin:

Islets of Langerhans

28. Hormones associated with secondary female characteristics:

Oestrogen and progesterone

29. Endocrine gland secretes its hormones:

directly into the circulation

30. Full list of kidney function:

Filters blood, forms urine, maintains pH, regulates fluid and salt balance


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